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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993042/effect-of-sacroiliac-manipulation-on-postural-sway-in-quiet-standing-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Mohammad Reza Farazdaghi, Alireza Motealleh, Forough Abtahi, Andrej Panjan, Nejc Šarabon, Farahnaz Ghaffarinejad
BACKGROUND: Sacroiliac joint manipulation can alter joint and muscle control mechanisms through local and remote effects. Postural balance is controlled by supraspinal (rambling) and spinal-peripheral (trembling) mechanisms. A manipulation may interfere with postural control in quiet standing. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the immediate effects of sacroiliac joint manipulation on postural control in patients with (1) sacroiliac dysfunction and (2) to determine whether rambling and trembling are affected by sacroiliac joint manipulation...
September 8, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991041/quadriceps-function-and-knee-joint-ultrasonography-following-acl-reconstruction
#2
Derek N Pamukoff, Melissa M Montgomery, Tyler J Moffit, Michael N Vakula
PURPOSE: Individuals with anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) are at greater risk for knee osteoarthritis (OA), partially due to chronic quadriceps dysfunction. Articular cartilage is commonly assessed using magnetic resonance imaging and radiography, but these methods are expensive and lack portability. Ultrasound imaging may provide a cost-effective and portable alternative for imaging the femoral cartilage. The purpose of this study was to compare ultrasonography of the femoral cartilage between the injured and uninjured limbs of individuals with unilateral ACLR, and to examine the association between quadriceps function and ultrasonographic measures of femoral cartilage...
October 3, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990016/orthodontics-and-the-temporomandibular-joint-what-orthodontic-providers-need-to-know
#3
Charles S Greene, Maria Therese S Galang-Boquiren, Bo Yeon Bartilotta
Currently, there are three major groups of dentists who provide orthodontic services to the public: postgraduate trained orthodontists, postgraduate trained pediatric dentists, and general dentists who have taken various orthodontic training courses. All of them can expect to encounter a variety of clinical situations that require a proper understanding of how normal temporomandibular joints (TMJs) function, and also how the masticatory system can develop pain-dysfunction problems; those problems are classified and defined as temporomandibular disorders (TMDs)...
October 6, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988611/prevalence-of-neurocognitive-dysfunction-and-its-effects-on-postoperative-outcomes-in-total-joint-arthroplasty
#4
Emmanuel Edusei, Kelvin Y Kim, Afshin A Anoushiravani, Stephen Yu, David Steiger, James D Slover
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of neurocognitive dysfunction (NCD) and its effects on postoperative outcomes have not been well characterized following total joint arthroplasty (TJA) population. This study aims at better understand this relationship. METHODS: Patients were evaluated for neurocognitive function using the grooved pegboard test for the dominant (PEG-D) and nondominant hand (PEG-N), and the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT). The patient scores for each test was compared to age-controlled normative values in order to identify NCD...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987943/a-standardized-extract-of-butea-monosperma-lam-flowers-suppresses-the-il-1%C3%AE-induced-expression-of-il-6-and-matrix-metalloproteases-by-activating-autophagy-in-human-osteoarthritis-chondrocytes
#5
Mohammad Y Ansari, Nazir M Khan, Tariq M Haqqi
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a leading cause of joint dysfunction, disability and poor quality of life in the affected population. The underlying mechanism of joint dysfunction involves increased oxidative stress, inflammation, high levels of cartilage extracellular matrix degrading proteases and decline in autophagy-a mechanism of cellular defense. There is no disease modifying therapies currently available for OA. Different parts of the Butea monosperma (Lam.) plant have widely been used in the traditional Indian Ayurvedic medicine system for the treatment of various human diseases including inflammatory conditions...
October 4, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973186/posteroanterior-joint-mobilization-for-cervical-somatic-dysfunction
#6
Peter J Lee, Michael A Seffinger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970119/age-related-changes-in-the-knee-meniscus
#7
REVIEW
Akira Tsujii, Norimasa Nakamura, Shuji Horibe
BACKGROUND: Aging is the most prominent risk factor for the development of osteoarthritis (OA), which affects knees and causes major health burdens. Meniscal dysfunction mostly based on degeneration contributes to the development and progression of knee OA. Meniscal degeneration is caused by various extrinsic factors, such as repetitive trauma or leg malalignment, while meniscal aging is considered as internal changes, such as molecular or cellular changes. Little is known about age-related changes in the meniscus...
September 29, 2017: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968170/broadening-eligibility-criteria-to-make-clinical-trials-more-representative-american-society-of-clinical-oncology-and-friends-of-cancer-research-joint-research-statement
#8
Edward S Kim, Suanna S Bruinooge, Samantha Roberts, Gwynn Ison, Nancy U Lin, Lia Gore, Thomas S Uldrick, Stuart M Lichtman, Nancy Roach, Julia A Beaver, Rajeshwari Sridhara, Paul J Hesketh, Andrea M Denicoff, Elizabeth Garrett-Mayer, Eric Rubin, Pratik Multani, Tatiana M Prowell, Caroline Schenkel, Marina Kozak, Jeff Allen, Ellen Sigal, Richard L Schilsky
Purpose The primary purposes of eligibility criteria are to protect the safety of trial participants and define the trial population. Excessive or overly restrictive eligibility criteria can slow trial accrual, jeopardize the generalizability of results, and limit understanding of the intervention's benefit-risk profile. Methods ASCO, Friends of Cancer Research, and the US Food and Drug Administration examined specific eligibility criteria (ie, brain metastases, minimum age, HIV infection, and organ dysfunction and prior and concurrent malignancies) to determine whether to modify definitions to extend trials to a broader population...
October 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957964/targeting-aging-for-disease-modification-in-osteoarthritis
#9
John A Collins, Brian O Diekman, Richard F Loeser
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Age is a key risk factor for the development of osteoarthritis and age-related changes within the joint might represent targets for therapy. The recent literature was reviewed to find studies that provide new insight into the role of aging in osteoarthritis, with a focus on the potential for disease modification. RECENT FINDINGS: Preclinical studies using isolated cells and animal models provide evidence that two hallmarks of aging (cellular senescence and mitochondrial dysfunction) contribute to the development of osteoarthritis...
September 27, 2017: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952815/blood-pressure-goal-for-the-elderly-chinese-the-findings-from-the-northern-shanghai-study
#10
Jiadela Teliewubai, Bin Qiu, Yuyan Lu, Bin Bai, Shikai Yu, Yiwu Zhou, Chen Chi, Jing Xiong, Hongwei Ji, Ximin Fan, Jue Li, Jacques Blacher, Yawei Xu, Yi Zhang
BACKGROUND: The Eighth Joint National Committee Panel (JNC8) recommended a novel blood pressure (BP) goal for individuals with hypertension, which was less stringent than the Seventh Joint National Committee (JNC7) guideline and is still under debate. In our study, we aimed at finding a better BP goal for the elderly Chinese. METHODS: About 1599 community-based elderly participants were recruited in the northern Shanghai and were classified by chronic kidney disease or diabetes mellitus to investigate their BP control conditions based on both the JNC7 and JNC8...
September 27, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952799/biomechanical-consequences-of-subtalar-joint-arthroereisis-in-treating-posterior-tibial-tendon-dysfunction-a-theoretical-analysis-using-finite-element-analysis
#11
Duo Wai-Chi Wong, Yan Wang, Tony Lin-Wei Chen, Aaron Kam-Lun Leung, Ming Zhang
Subtalar joint arthroereisis (SJA) has been introduced to control the hyperpronation in cases of flatfoot. The objective of this study is to evaluate the biomechanical consequence of SJA to restore the internal stress and load transfer to the intact state from the attenuated biomechanical condition induced by posterior tibial tendon dysfunction (PTTD). A three-dimensional finite element model of the foot and ankle complex was constructed based on clinical images of a healthy female (age 28 years, height 165 cm, body mass 54 kg)...
September 27, 2017: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952052/stratifying-migraine-patients-based-on-dynamic-pain-provocation-over-the-upper-cervical-spine
#12
Kerstin Luedtke, Arne May
BACKGROUND: Migraine patients usually report a high prevalence of neck pain preceding or during the migraine attack. A recent investigation of musculoskeletal dysfunctions in migraine patients concluded that neck pain is not simply a symptom of the migraine attack but corresponds to identifiable muscle and joint alterations. Particularly pain provocation using palpation of the joints in the upper cervical spine was significantly more prevalent in patients with migraine than in headache-free participants...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948978/levels-of-cognitive-control-a-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-based-test-of-an-rdoc-domain-across-bipolar-disorder-and-schizophrenia
#13
Jason Smucny, Tyler A Lesh, Keith Newton, Tara Niendam, J Daniel Ragland, Cameron S Carter
In recent years, the boundaries of psychopathology as defined by diagnostic categories have been criticized as inadequately 'carving nature at its joints' with respect to the neurobiology of major mental disorders. In 2010 the NIMH launched the Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) framework for understanding mental illnesses as brain circuit disorders that extend beyond DSM-defined diagnoses. In the present study we focus on cognitive dysfunction, a core feature of schizophrenia (SZ) and bipolar disorder (BPD), and use functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) during a cognitive control (CC) task in recent onset patients to test the hypothesis that at a behavioral and underlying neural circuitry level these deficits exist on a continuum (as opposed to showing categorical differences) across the two disorders...
September 26, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948067/cervical-sensorimotor-control-in-idiopathic-cervical-dystonia-a%C3%A2-cross-sectional-study
#14
Joke De Pauw, Rudy Mercelis, Ann Hallemans, Sarah Michiels, Steven Truijen, Patrick Cras, Willem De Hertogh
OBJECTIVES: Patients with idiopathic adult-onset cervical dystonia (CD) experience an abnormal head posture and involuntary muscle contractions. Although the exact areas affected in the central nervous system remain uncertain, impaired functions in systems stabilizing the head and neck are apparent such as the somatosensory and sensorimotor integration systems. The aim of the study is to investigate cervical sensorimotor control dysfunction in patients with CD. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cervical sensorimotor control was assessed by a head repositioning task in 24 patients with CD and 70 asymptomatic controls...
September 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943457/clinical-staging-of-fibrodysplasia-ossificans-progressiva-fop
#15
Robert J Pignolo, Frederick S Kaplan
Fibrodyplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP) is an ultra-rare genetic condition of heterotopic ossification (HO) that results in progressive loss of joint function, ultimately rendering movement impossible. Death is most commonly the result of thoracic insufficiency syndrome, or complications related to recurrent respiratory infections. There are no current treatments for FOP, but early and emerging clinical trials offer hope for this devastating disease. With the recent reporting of a comprehensive global natural history study, scales to assess joint dysfunction, and a more accurate prediction of joint survival, it is now possible to construct a conceptual framework for the clinical staging of FOP...
September 21, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942549/the-effect-of-vitamin-d-status-on-pain-lower-limb-strength-and-knee-function-during-balance-recovery-in-people-with-knee-osteoarthritis-an-exploratory-study
#16
Pazit Levinger, Rezaul Begg, Kerrie M Sanders, Hanatsu Nagano, Calum Downie, Aaron Petersen, Alan Hayes, Flavia Cicuttini
The association between vitamin D and muscle function associated with balance recovery and falls in people with knee osteoarthritis is unclear. Those with vitamin D insufficiency demonstrated poorer knee function during balance recovery, greater pain and locomotor dysfunction. Vitamin D insufficiency may have an adverse effect on muscle power function. PURPOSE: Low vitamin D status in people with knee osteoarthritis (OA) is often reported to be associated with increased pain and locomotor dysfunction...
September 23, 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938320/giant-peripheral-temporomandibular-osteoma-with-immediate-reconstruction-of-mandible
#17
Cláiton Heitz, Ricardo Augusto Conci, Flávio Henrique Silveira Tomazi, Guilherme Pivatto Louzada, Michel Martins Guarenti, Guilherme Genehr Fritscher
Osteoma is a benign osteogenic tumor, which is characterized the slow-growing proliferation of compact or cancellous bone. The etiology of the lesion is not well established. Among the hypotheses, the following are related: a traumatic factor, infectious processes, or true neoplasm due to the origin of cartilaginous cells. It can present at any age, usually in young adult individuals, with equal prevalence in both sexes. The clinical characteristics of the peripheral osteoma are represented by slow asymptomatic growth, which leads to swelling and, thus, facial asymmetry...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934785/1-year-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-conservative-management-vs-minimally-invasive-surgical-treatment-for-sacroiliac-joint-pain
#18
Julius Dengler Dengler, Djaya Kools, Robert Pflugmacher, Alessandro Gasbarrini, Domenico Prestamburgo, Paolo Gaetani, Eddie van Eeckhoven, Daniel Cher, Bengt Sturesson
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) emanating from the sacroiliac joint (SIJ) is a common finding. Devices to fuse the SIJ are now commercially available, but high-quality evidence supporting their effectiveness is limited. OBJECTIVES: To compare the safety and effectiveness of conservative management (CM) to minimally invasive sacroiliac joint fusion (SIJF) in patients with chronic LBP originating from the SIJ. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, multicenter randomized controlled trial...
September 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932014/the-effectiveness-of-physiotherapy-interventions-for-sacroiliac-joint-dysfunction-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Moayad Al-Subahi, Mohamed Alayat, Mansour Abdullah Alshehri, Omar Helal, Hammad Alhasan, Ahmed Alalawi, Abdullah Takrouni, Ali Alfaqeh
[Purpose] The aim of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of physical therapy interventions in the treatment of sacroiliac joint dysfunction (SIJD). [Subjects and Methods] MEDLINE, PUBMED, CINAHL, AMED, PEDro, and CIRRIE databases were searched and only relevant data from studies that matched the inclusion criteria were included. CASP tools for critical appraisal were used to assess the quality of studies included. [Results] Nine articles met the inclusion criteria, of which, three examined the effect of exercise on SIJD, three used kinesio tape and four studies examined the effect of manipulation...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919112/disuse-atrophy-accompanied-by-intramuscular-ectopic-adipogenesis-in-vastus-medialis-muscle-of-advanced-osteoarthritis-patients
#20
Madoka Ikemoto-Uezumi, Yasumoto Matsui, Masaki Hasegawa, Remi Fujita, Yasuhide Kanayama, Akiyoshi Uezumi, Tsuyoshi Watanabe, Atsushi Harada, A Robin Poole, Naohiro Hashimoto
Muscle dysfunction is the most important modifiable mediating factor in primary osteoarthritis because properly contracting muscles are a key absorber of forces acting on a joint. However, the pathological features of disuse muscle atrophy in osteoarthritis patients have been little studied. Vastus medialis muscles of fourteen female patients with osteoarthritis in the age range 69 to 86 years, largely immobile for one or more years, were obtained during arthroplastic surgery and analyzed histologically. These were compared to female patients without arthritis, two with patellar fracture, and two with patellar subluxation...
September 14, 2017: American Journal of Pathology
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