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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120995/surveillance-for-lyme-disease-united-states-2008-2015
#1
Amy M Schwartz, Alison F Hinckley, Paul S Mead, Sarah A Hook, Kiersten J Kugeler
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Lyme disease is the most commonly reported vectorborne disease in the United States but is geographically focal. The majority of Lyme disease cases occur in the Northeast, mid-Atlantic, and upper Midwest regions. Lyme disease can cause varied clinical manifestations, including erythema migrans, arthritis, facial palsy, and carditis. Lyme disease occurs most commonly among children and older adults, with a slight predominance among males. REPORTING PERIOD: 2008-2015...
November 10, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120339/hepatic-visceral-larva-migrans-causing-hepatic-venous-thrombosis-and-prolonged-fever
#2
Jaswinder Kaur, Anand Gupta, Nishant Wadhwa
BACKGROUND: Visceral larva migrans may present with systemic symptoms such as fever, hepatomegaly, pneumonitis or ocular symptoms. CASE CHARACTERISTICS: A 7-year-old girl with fever, pain abdomen and persistent eosinophilia. Imaging and histopathology were suggestive of visceral larva migrans. MESSAGE: The diagnosis of visceral larva migrans is often delayed since similar symptoms of fever, hepatomegaly and peripheral eosinophilia occur in more common and identifiable tropical parasitic and non-parasitic diseases...
October 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099929/transcriptome-assessment-of-erythema-migrans-skin-lesions-in-patients-with-early-lyme-disease-reveals-predominant-interferon-signaling
#3
Adriana Marques, Ira Schwartz, Gary P Wormser, Yanmei Wang, Ronald L Hornung, Cumhur Y Demirkale, Peter J Munson, Siu-Ping Turk, Carla Williams, Chyi-Chia Richard Lee, Jun Yang, Mary M Petzke
Background: The most common clinical manifestation of early Lyme disease is the erythema migrans (EM) skin lesion that develops at the tick bite site typically between 7 and 14 days following infection with Borreliella burgdorferi. The host-pathogen interactions that occur in the skin may have a critical role in determining outcome of infection. Methods: Gene arrays were utilized to characterize the global transcriptional alterations in skin biopsy samples of EM lesions from untreated adult patients with Lyme disease in comparison to controls...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090059/successful-treatment-of-corneal-larva-migrans-by-nd-yag-laser-photodisruption
#4
Jisha Kamalakshy, Krishna Babu, Padmasree Kamala Madhavan, Seshadrinathan Subrahmaniam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080105/a-modified-method-for-molecular-identification-of-baylisascaris-transfuga-in-european-brown-bears-ursus-arctos
#5
Jakub Gawor, Jan Gawor, Robert Gromadka, Tomasz Zwijacz-Kozica, Filip Zięba
Baylisascaris transfuga is a roundworm that has been reported worldwide in most bear species. In mammals and possibly humans, the larvae of B. transfuga can migrate in the tissues of aberrant hosts with larva migrans syndrome. The current study was performed to identify B. transfuga in faecal samples from free-ranging brown bears in the Tatra Mountains National Park in southern Poland. A commercial kit was used to extract genomic DNA directly from faecal samples. Additionally, a Chelex resin-based technique was successfully implemented to prepare a PCR template from eggs retrieved by flotation...
October 27, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063358/geographic-distribution-and-incidence-of-lyme-borreliosis-in-the-west-of-ireland
#6
A Vellinga, H Kilkelly, J Cullinan, B Hanahoe, M Cormican
BACKGROUND: Lyme borreliosis is caused by Borrelia burgdorferi and is the most common tick-transmitted infection in temperate regions. Infection often presents with erythema migrans and/or other clinical features in early infection. METHODS: Blood samples are submitted for testing for antibodies to Borrelia burgdorferi by enzyme immunoassay and positive samples are confirmed by a reference laboratory by IgG and IgM line immune assay. A retrospective extraction of all laboratory requests and results for Lyme borreliosis from 2011 to 2014 was performed...
October 23, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016316/toxocara-seroprevalence-and-associated-risk-factors-in-the-united-states
#7
Andrew N Berrett, Lance D Erickson, Shawn D Gale, Allison Stone, Bruce L Brown, Dawson W Hedges
Caused by the parasitic nematodes Toxocara canis and cati, toxocariasis in humans can result in covert toxocariasis, ocular toxocariasis, visceral larval migrans, and neurotoxocariasis. A common infection, toxocariasis exposure varies widely within and between countries, with a previous estimate of Toxocara seroprevalence using data from 1988 to 1994 in the United States of approximately 13%. Age, poverty, sex, educational attainment, ethnicity, and region have been associated with Toxocara seroprevalence. In this study, we sought to determine the seroprevalence of and factors associated with Toxocara seropositivity in the United States using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2011 to 2014 to provide a more recent estimate of Toxocara seroprevalence in the United States...
September 25, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953957/ige-reactivity-to-%C3%AE-gal-in-relation-to-lyme-borreliosis
#8
Ivar Tjernberg, Carl Hamsten, Danijela Apostolovic, Marianne van Hage
BACKGROUND: An association between tick bites, the development of immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibodies to galactose-α-1, 3-galactose (α-Gal) and red meat allergy has recently been reported. Here we wanted to elucidate the relation between tick exposure, IgE antibodies to α-Gal and Lyme borreliosis (LB). METHODS: In the highly LB endemic area of Kalmar County, Sweden, serum samples and health inquiries from 518 blood donors were included. All sera were investigated for multiple IgG anti-Borrelia antibodies using a multiplex assay (recomBead, Mikrogen)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943834/cutaneous-lyme-borreliosis-guideline-of-the-german-dermatology-society
#9
Heidelore Hofmann, Volker Fingerle, Klaus-Peter Hunfeld, Hans-Iko Huppertz, Andreas Krause, Sebastian Rauer, Bernhard Ruf
This guideline of the German Dermatology Society primarily focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of cutaneous manifestations of Lyme borreliosis. It has received consensus from 22 German medical societies and 2 German patient organisations. It is the first part of an AWMF (Arbeitsgemeinschaft der Wissenschaftlichen Medizinischen Fachgesellschaften e.V.) interdisciplinary guideline: "Lyme Borreliosis - Diagnosis and Treatment, development stage S3". The guideline is directed at physicians in private practices and clinics who treat Lyme borreliosis...
2017: German Medical Science: GMS E-journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906088/bullous-cutaneous-larva-migrans-case-series-and-review-of-atypical-clinical-presentations
#10
Stefano Veraldi, Ermira Çuka, Paolo Pontini, Fabrizio Vaira
Hookworm-related cutaneous larva migrans (HRCLM) is caused by the penetration and migration in the epidermis of larvae of Ancylostoma braziliense and Ancylostoma caninum. It is characterized by slightly raised and erythematous tracks, located especially on the feet. These tracks may be single or multiple, serpiginous or linear, ramified and intertwined, accompanied by pruritus. Atypical clinical presentations of HRCLM are currently more frequent than in the past. We present six patients with bullous HRCLM and discuss the possible pathogenetic factors...
October 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903511/fatal-deer-tick-virus-infection-in-maine
#11
Catherine E Cavanaugh, Paul L Muscat, Sam R Telford, Heidi Goethert, William Pendlebury, Susan P Elias, Rebecca Robich, Margret Welch, Charles B Lubelczyk, Robert P Smith
Deer tick virus (DTV), a genetic variant (lineage II) of Powassan virus, is a rare cause of encephalitis in North America. We report a fatal case of DTV encephalitis following a documented bite from an Ixodes scapularis tick and the erythema migrans rash associated with Lyme disease.
September 15, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887186/to-test-or-not-to-test-laboratory-support-for-the-diagnosis-of-lyme-borreliosis
#12
REVIEW
Ram B Dessau, Alje P van Dam, Volker Fingerle, Jeremy Gray, Joppe Hovius, Klaus-Peter Hunfeld, Benoit Jaulhac, Olaf Kahl, Wolfgang Kristoferitsch, Per-Eric Lindgren, Mateusz Markowicz, Sally Mavin, Katharina Ornstein, Tobias Rupprecht, Gerold Stanek, Franc Strle
BACKGROUND: Lyme borreliosis (LB) is a tick-borne infection caused by Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato. The most frequent clinical manifestations are erythema migrans and Lyme neuroborreliosis. Currently, a large volume of diagnostic testing for Lyme borreliosis is reported, whereas the incidence of clinically relevant disease manifestations is low. This indicates overuse of diagnostic testing for LB with implications for patient care and cost effective health management. AIM: The recommendations provided in this review are intended to support both the clinical diagnosis and initiatives for a more rational use of laboratory testing in patients with clinically suspected Lyme borreliosis...
September 5, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878527/cutaneous-larva-migrans
#13
Richie Manikat, Saman Kannangara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862690/variations-in-the-rate-of-infestations-of-dogs-with-zoonotic-nematodes-and-the-contamination-of-soil-in-different-environments
#14
Maria Bernadeta Studzińska, Marta Demkowska-Kutrzepa, Anna Borecka, Michał Meisner, Krzysztof Tomczuk, Monika Roczeń-Karczmarz, Teresa Kłapeć, Zahrai Abbass, Alicja Cholewa
Companion animals are an important aspect in human life. However, they may also be considered a source of pathogens. An example of zoonotic parasitoses is toxocarosis or cutaneous larva migrans (CLM). The aim of the study was to detect zoonotic nematodes of dogs living in different areas and the intensity of contamination in parasite polluted environments that are hazardous to human health. The fecal samples were examined using standard flotation and decantation methods as well as McMaster's quantitative technique...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807291/toxocara-canis-analysis-of-the-kinetics-of-antigen-release-and-antibody-production-in-an-in-vivo-model-for-the-detection-of-past-or-present-infection
#15
Aarón Rodríguez-Caballero, Mario Noé Martínez-Gordillo, Silvia Caballero-Salazar, Yadira Rufino-González, Martha Ponce-Macotela
Worldwide, Toxocara canis is an important zoonotic nematode of public health concern. This soil-transmitted helminth causes visceral larva and ocular larva migrans in paratenic hosts. The detection of T. canis larva migrans is complicated because current immunological tests detect only IgG antibodies, which can cross-react with antigens from other parasites and cannot distinguish between the past and present infection. Analysis of antigen release and antibody production could help improve the detection of larva migrans...
August 30, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794875/the-humtick-study-protocol-for-a-prospective-cohort-study-on-post-treatment-lyme-disease-syndrome-and-the-disease-and-cost-burden-of-lyme-borreliosis-in-belgium
#16
Laurence Geebelen, Tinne Lernout, Benoît Kabamba-Mukadi, Veroniek Saegeman, Hein Sprong, Steven Van Gucht, Philippe Beutels, Niko Speybroeck, Katrien Tersago
BACKGROUND: In Belgium, different routine surveillance systems are in place to follow-up Lyme borreliosis trends. However, accurate data on the disease and monetary burden for the different clinical manifestations are lacking. Despite recommended antibiotic treatment, a proportion of Lyme patients report persisting aspecific symptoms for six months or more (e.g. fatigue, widespread musculoskeletal pain, cognitive difficulties), a syndrome now named "post-treatment Lyme disease syndrome" (PTLDS)...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780055/-amoxicillin-induced-skin-rash-sparing-a-plaque-of-erythema-migrans-renb%C3%A3-k-phenomenon-case-report-and-literature-review
#17
M Dumas, L Blum, E Begon
INTRODUCTION: Renbök phenomenon describes the inhibition of a lesion when a different one appears. We describe the first case of Renbök phenomenon occurring in a context of erythema migrans (EM) spared by an amoxicillin-induced skin rash and we also present a literature review. CASE REPORT: A 60-year-old patient was treated with amoxicillin for EM on the right knee and subsequently developed generalized erythema as a result of an antibiotic-induced skin rash, with sparing of the area previously affected by EM...
August 2, 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754237/treatment-of-larva-migrans-syndrome-with-long-term-administration-of-albendazole
#18
Amy Hombu, Ayako Yoshida, Taisei Kikuchi, Eiji Nagayasu, Mika Kuroki, Haruhiko Maruyama
BACKGROUND: Larva migrans syndrome is a food-borne parasitic disease in humans, caused by accidental ingestion of eggs or larvae of ascarid nematodes, namely, Toxocara canis, Toxocara cati, or Ascaris suum, the roundworms commonly found in the intestines of dogs, cats and pigs respectively. When a patient is diagnosed as having larva migrans syndrome, oral-administration of albendazole is recommended, however, the regimen remains controversial worldwide. In Japan, the duration of albendazole administration is longer than those of European and North American countries...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743947/match-between-soaring-modes-of-black-kites-and-the-fine-scale-distribution-of-updrafts
#19
Carlos D Santos, Frank Hanssen, Antonio-Román Muñoz, Alejandro Onrubia, Martin Wikelski, Roel May, João P Silva
Understanding how soaring birds use updrafts at small spatial scales is important to identify ecological constraints of movement, and may help to prevent conflicts between wind-energy development and the conservation of wildlife. We combined high-frequency GPS animal tracking and fine-spatial-scale uplift modelling to establish a link between flight behaviour of soaring birds and the distribution of updrafts. We caught 21 black kites (Milvus migrans) and GPS-tracked them while flying over the Tarifa region, on the Spanish side of the Strait of Gibraltar...
July 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727752/atypical-presentation-of-hepatic-visceral-larva-migrans-mimicking-cancer-and-associated-with-adamts13-deficiency-mediated-thrombotic-microangiopathy-a-first-report-from-reunion-island
#20
Simon Bonnefond, Aurélie Foucher, Patricia Zunic, Gautier Hoarau, Jean-François Magnaval
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
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