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TAF in childrens

Muhammed Tayyib Kadak, Fuat Balsak, Lutfullah Besiroglu, Cihat Çelik
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to investigate cognitive models of OCD via the influence of mothers' cognitive appraisals on children's cognitions and OCD symptoms. METHOD: Our sample consisted of 21 adolescents with OCD, their mothers and 27 parent-child dyads for control group without OCD. Subjects with OCD and their mothers were administered The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), The Thought-Action Fusion Scale (TAFS), The White Bear Suppression Inventory (WBSI), The Padua Inventory-Revised (PI-R) and The Penn Inventory of Scrupulosity (PIOS)...
April 2014: Comprehensive Psychiatry
(no author information available yet)
The objective of the present study was to undertake the statistical analysis of the methods employed to treat tonsillitis in the children with a view to optimizing adequate dispensary observation, planned conservative therapy and surgical treatment of the patients presenting with chronic tonsillitis. The analysis of the excerpts from the annual reports presented by the head of the otorhinolaryngological department of the Children's City Clinical Hospital No 9 involved the patients admitted for the pre-planned and urgent treatment of paratonsillar abscess between 1990 and 2010...
2013: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
Lara J Farrell, Allison M Waters, Melanie J Zimmer-Gembeck
OBJECTIVE: Multiple cognitive biases associated with adult obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) were tested in a clinical sample of children (ages 7-11) and adolescents (12-17) and their mothers. This study examined (a) the associations between child cognitive biases and OCD severity, (b) maternal cognitive biases and child OCD severity, and (c) maternal cognitive bias and child cognitive bias. It was hypothesized that age would significantly moderate these relationships, with stronger associations with OCD severity for cognitive bias in adolescents (relative to children), and maternal cognitive bias in younger children (relative to adolescents)...
September 2012: Behavior Therapy
David W Evans, Chelsea Hersperger, Philip A Capaldi
A new inventory assessing thought-action fusion (TAF) in children is presented. We explore the psychometric properties of this instrument and examine the associations between TAF, ritualistic and compulsive-like behavior (CLB) and anxiety. Three hundred thirteen children ages 7-14 (M = 10.16, SD = 1.92) representing six grades (grouped into three grade levels (grades 2-3, 4-5, and 6-7) completed the Thought-action Fusion Inventory for Children (TAFIC) and the Child Revised Manifest Anxiety Scale. One hundred thirty-five parents or guardians completed the Childhood Routines Inventory...
February 2011: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
Rosa Fernández-Llebrés, Antonio Godoy, Aurora Gavino
This study deals with the psychometric properties of the Thought-Action Fusion Questionnaire for Adolescents (TAFQ-A), which assesses the belief that harmful thoughts and actions are equivalent. The TAFQ-A comprises two scales: TAF-Moral and TAF-Likelihood. A total of 1726 children and adolescents completed 5 tests in order to establish the relationships of TAFQ-A with measures of psychopathology and with cognitive variables related to the ethiology of obsessive-compulsive problems. Results show that factorial structure, reliability and criterion validity of TAFQ-A are appropriate...
August 2010: Psicothema
Ok-Kyeong Yu, Yang-Keun Rhee, Tae-Sun Park, Youn-Soo Cha
Obesity was characterized in Korean elementary students using different obesity assessment tests on 103 overweight elementary students from three schools of Jeonbuk Province. The body mass index (BMI) and obesity index (OI) were compared, and the data using DEXA and CT were compared with the data using BIA and a tape measure. The results of this study are as follows: first, 27 students who were classified as obese by OI were classified as overweight by BMI, and 3 students who were classified as standard weight by BMI were classified as overweight by OI...
April 2010: Nutrition Research and Practice
Lara Farrell, Paula Barrett
BACKGROUND: While the cognitive theory of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is one of the most widely accepted accounts of the maintenance of the disorder in adults, no study to date has systematically evaluated the theory across children, adolescence and adults with OCD. METHOD: This paper investigated developmental differences in the cognitive processing of threat in a sample of children, adolescents and adults with OCD. Using an idiographic assessment approach, as well as self-report questionnaires, this study evaluated cognitive appraisals of responsibility, probability, severity, thought-action fusion (TAF), thought-suppression, self-doubt and cognitive control...
February 2006: British Journal of Psychology
David Berle, Vladan Starcevic
Thought-action fusion (TAF) is the tendency for individuals to assume that certain thoughts either imply the immorality of their character or increase the likelihood of catastrophic events. The burgeoning literature on TAF is reviewed. It is not clear whether TAF refers to a specific appraisal style, a more enduring belief, or a combination of both. Inconsistent definitions of magical thinking have hindered better understanding of the relationship between TAF and magical thinking. Much work remains to be done to improve assessment and measurement of TAF...
May 2005: Clinical Psychology Review
Hayley Prout, Christopher Butler, Paul Kinnersley, Mike Robling, Kerenza Hood, Rhiannedd Tudor-Jones
BACKGROUND: For findings of randomized controlled trials in primary care to be applicable, both the sample of clinicians implementing the trial and the recruited patients should be as representative as possible. The processes of conducting trials should be made "user-friendly" to clinician investigators in order to maximize their participation in research. Formal evaluations of trial implementation are unusual. This study reports clinicians' perspectives on acting as a clinician investigator in a randomized controlled trial (the SAVIT study) in general practice...
December 2003: Family Practice
M Z Morgan, E T Treasure
OBJECTIVE: To compare the explanatory power of four composite indices of social economic status in their ability to predict dental caries experience. BASIC RESEARCH DESIGN: A secondary analysis of Welsh BASCD survey data using ward aggregated dental data, census variables and composite measures of deprivation. CLINICAL SETTING: Examinations took place in schools. PARTICIPANTS: All 12-year-old children examined in the 1996/97 survey...
June 2001: Community Dental Health
M L Hunter, R Lewis, B Hunter
OBJECTIVES: To determine the current level of consumer demand in the purchase and prescription of sugar-free paediatric medicines. DESIGN: Data were collected by administered questionnaire. SETTING: The study was conducted in a Hospital Paediatric Dentistry Unit and a Community Dental Clinic, both within the Bro Taf area of south-east Wales. SAMPLE AND METHODS: The parents of 240 children attending for routine dental care responded to one of two short questionnaires, depending on whether their child had received a liquid oral medicine in the preceding month...
June 2000: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
A J Howard, J T Magee, K A Fitzgerald, F D Dunstan
Routine susceptibility data for urinary coliform isolates from community practice were analysed in comparison with dispensed antibiotic prescriptions for all conditions and social deprivation data for Bro Taf and North Wales Health Authorities for financial years 1996--1998. Prescribing rates and resistance rates varied widely between practices. Among isolates from practices with high usage of an antibiotic, rates of resistance to that antibiotic tended to be high, and usage correlated significantly with resistance between practice population units...
March 2001: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
L Hillman, A D French, E Treasure
OBJECTIVE: To observe patterns of fluoride preparation dispensing by primary care practitioners in a health authority. DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: The Prescription Pricing Agency of the Welsh Health Common Services Authority (WHCSA). SUBJECTS: Individuals who had exchanged a prescription for a fluoride preparation at a pharmacy in Bro Taf Health Authority in the six months from 1 January 1997 to 30 June 1997...
September 1999: Community Dental Health
A H Latif, D A Green, W C Li
Infant mortality rate (IMR) and disability indices were compared in 16 y birth cohorts (1979-1994) inclusive) from two neighbouring but contrasting boroughs in Bro Taf. The comparison was extended to children with mild learning difficulties. Children with and without learning problems were compared for birth weight (BW). Further data on infant mortality by cause of death, BW and maternal age were analysed for 6 y within this period (all births from 1979-1984 inclusive). The more deprived area had a higher IMR and a greater number of deaths attributed to low birth weight...
September 1999: Public Health
K Chiba, Y Fujimura, Y Toyama, E Fujii, T Nakanishi, K Hirabayashi
Treatment results in 104 patients with odontoid fractures were reviewed. There were 2 type I, 62 type II, 32 type III fractures and eight epiphysiolyses in children <7 years old. Thirty-seven patients were managed nonoperatively using plaster casts, cervical braces, or halo devices. Sixty-seven patients were treated surgically including anterior screw fixation (ASF), posterior fusion (PF), and transoral anterior fusion (TAF). Plaster casts and cervical braces were effective for type I fractures and epiphysiolyses only...
August 1996: Journal of Spinal Disorders
R J McLaughlin, K K McClanahan, J D Holcomb, A D Gibbins, Q W Smith, J W Vlasak, P M Kingery
A Teachers as Facilitators (TAF) Program used classroom teachers as leaders of small groups that promoted social, emotional, and academic development of children at high risk of adopting potentially destructive substance abuse patterns. The program was intended to increase participating students' positive socialization experiences and academic achievement by successfully integrating these students into the school's social system. A longer-range goal was to increase students' sense of worth as it affects their attitudes toward relationships with other people and academic demands...
1993: Journal of Drug Education
T An'ei
Target aiming function (TAF) was used to examine fatigability in learning and extracurricular activities and also to assess physical fitness. Results obtained were as follows: 1. TAF revealed that visual education through television during the afternoon in crippled children caused more fatigue than in the morning. The fact suggests that durations and methods of learning should be adequately combined with the somatic conditions of children. 2. Adoption of adequate physical training with mental loads resulted in an amelioration of mental activity, as revealed by TAF test...
November 1981: [Hokkaido Igaku Zasshi] the Hokkaido Journal of Medical Science
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