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Puneet, Hasan Raza Kazmi, Soni Kumari, Satendra Tiwari, A Khanna, Gopeshwar Narayan
Gastric cancer is one of the most common malignancy worldwide. The various genetic and epigenetic events have been found to be associated with its carcinogenesis. The epigenetic is a heritable and transient/reversible change in the gene expression that is not accompanied by modification in the DNA sequence. This event is characterized by the alteration in the promoter CpG island of the gene or histone modification. These events are associated with silencing of critical tumor suppressor gene and activation of oncogenes leading to carcinogenesis...
March 19, 2018: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
T Kiskova, V Demeckova, Z Jendzelovska, M Kiktava, K Venglovska, M Bohmdorfer, W Jager, T Thalhammer
Resveratrol (RES) is well known natural polyphenol with proven antioxidant, antiinflammatory and anticarcinogenic properties. Since mode of application may be important for cancer-preventive effects of RES, the aim of this study was to evaluate a possible delay in the initiation and progression of chemically induced mammary carcinogenesis in female Sprague-Dawley rats after the nocturnal administration of RES. Application of a high dose of RES (100 mg/kg body weight), starting 2 weeks before the first N-methyl-N-nitrosourea dose (NMU) (50 mg/kg body weight), reduced tumor incidence and markedly prolonged latency period (P < 0...
December 2017: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
Janine Mayra da Silva, Tálita Pollyanna Moreira Dos Santos, Adriana Machado Saraiva, Ana Laura Fernandes de Oliveira, Gustavo Pompermaier Garlet, Aline Carvalho Batista, Ricardo Alves de Mesquita, Remo Castro Russo, Tarcília Aparecida da Silva
BACKGROUND: Chemokines and chemokine receptors are critical in oral tumourigenesis. The atypical chemokine receptor ACKR2 is a scavenger of CC chemokines controlling the availability of these molecules at tumour sites, but the role of ACKR2 in the context of oral carcinogenesis is unexplored. METHODS: In this study, wild-type (WT) and ACKR2 deficient mice (ACKR2-/- ) were treated with chemical carcinogen 4-nitroquinoline-1-oxide (4NQO) for induction of oral carcinogenesis...
March 14, 2018: Cytokine
Kati Richter, Teija Paakkola, Daniela Mennerich, Kateryna Kubaichuk, Anja Konzack, Heidi Ali-Kippari, Nina Kozlova, Peppi Koivunen, Kirsi-Maria Haapasaari, Arja Jukkola-Vuorinen, Hanna-Riikka Teppo, Elitsa Y Dimova, Risto Bloigu, Zoltan Szabo, Risto Kerkelä, Thomas Kietzmann
Recent studies suggest that the ubiquitin-specific protease USP28 plays an important role in cellular repair and tissue remodeling, which implies that it has a direct role in carcinogenesis. The carcinogenic potential of USP28 was investigated in a comprehensive manner using patients, animal models, and cell culture. The findings demonstrate that overexpression of USP28 correlates with a better survival in patients with invasive ductal breast carcinoma. Mouse xenograft experiments with USP28-deficient breast cancer cells also support this view...
March 15, 2018: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
Yesol Bak, Hui-Joo Jang, Jong-Woon Shin, Soo-Jin Kim, Hyun Woo Chun, Ji-Hye Seo, Su-Hyun No, Jung-Il Chae, Dong Hee Son, Seung Yeoun Lee, Jintae Hong, Do-Young Yoon
The carcinogenicity of chemicalsin the environment is a major concern. Recently, numerous studies have attempted to develop methods for predicting carcinogenicity including rodent and cell-based approaches. However, rodent carcinogenicity tests for evaluating the carcinogenic potential of a chemical to humans are time-consuming and costly. This study focused on the development of an alternative method for predicting carcinogenicity using quantitative PCR (qPCR) and colon cancer stem cells.A toxicogenomic method,mRNA profiling, is useful for predicting carcinogenicity...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
Marie C Matrka, Katherine A Cimperman, Sarah R Haas, Geraldine Guasch, Lisa A Ehrman, Ronald R Waclaw, Kakajan Komurov, Adam Lane, Kathryn A Wikenheiser-Brokamp, Susanne I Wells
Esophageal cancer occurs as either squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) or adenocarcinoma. ESCCs comprise almost 90% of cases worldwide, and recur with a less than 15% five-year survival rate despite available treatments. The identification of new ESCC drivers and therapeutic targets is critical for improving outcomes. Here we report that expression of the human DEK oncogene is strongly upregulated in esophageal SCC based on data in the cancer genome atlas (TCGA). DEK is a chromatin-associated protein with important roles in several nuclear processes including gene transcription, epigenetics, and DNA repair...
March 14, 2018: PLoS Genetics
June Lee, Karabasappa Mailar, Ok-Kyung Yoo, Won Jun Choi, Young-Sam Keum
Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) catalyzes the enzymatic degradation of heme to produce three anti-oxidant molecules: carbon monoxide (CO), ferrous ion (Fe2+ ), and biliverdin. Induction of HO-1 is currently considered as a feasible strategy to treat oxidative stress-related diseases. In the present study, we identified marliolide as a novel inducer of HO-1 in human normal keratinocyte HaCaT cells. Mechanism-based studies demonstrated that the induction of HO-1 by marliolide occurred through activation of NRF2/ARE via direct binding of marliolide to KEAP1...
February 23, 2018: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Chiung-Wen Hu, Yuan-Jhe Chang, Jian-Lian Chen, Yu-Wen Hsu, Mu-Rong Chao
8-Nitroguanine (8-nitroG) is a major mutagenic nucleobase lesion generated by peroxynitrite during inflammation and has been used as a potential biomarker to evaluate inflammation-related carcinogenesis. Here, we present an online solid-phase extraction (SPE) LC-MS/MS method with 6-methoxy-2-naphthyl glyoxal hydrate (MTNG) derivatization for a sensitive and precise measurement of 8-nitroG in DNA. Derivatization optimization revealed that an excess of MTNG is required to achieve complete derivatization in DNA hydrolysates (MTNG: 8-nitroG molar ratio of 3740:1)...
March 8, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Marcel F Glaas, Constanze Wiek, Linda-Maria Wolter, Katharina Roellecke, Vera Balz, Vera Okpanyi, Martin Wagenmann, Thomas Karl Hoffmann, Rene Grässlin, Christian Plettenberg, Jörg Schipper, Helmut Hanenberg, Kathrin Scheckenbach
BACKGROUND/AIM: Head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCCs) form a heterogeneous tumor entity located throughout the oral cavity, pharynx and larynx that is caused predominantly by chemically or virally induced carcinogenesis. Heterozygous germline mutations in cancer susceptibility genes might also lead to increased incidence of HNSCCs. As DNA stability is typically impaired in HNSCC cells and genes of the Fanconi anemia/BRCA DNA repair pathway can be mutated or down-regulated in HNSCCs, we investigated here whether germline mutations occur in the X-chromosomal FANCB as candidate gene...
March 2018: Anticancer Research
Xiaoying Hou, Hongzhi Du, Rui Yang, Jing Qi, Yue Huang, Shuyun Feng, Yao Wu, Sensen Lin, Zhixin Liu, Ai-Qun Jia, Shengtao Yuan, Li Sun
Chemotherapy is the preferred and most common treatment for cancer in clinical practice. An increasing number of researchers all over the world are focusing on natural medicines to find new antitumor drugs, and several reports have shown that Camellia nitidissima (C. nitidissima) Chi could reduce blood-lipid, decrease blood pressure, resist oxidation, prevent carcinogenesis and inhibit tumors. Therefore, the pharmacodynamics of the chemical constituents in C. nitidissima need to be investigated further. In the present study, 16 chemical constituents were isolated from the leaves of C...
February 16, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Onanong Kritpetcharat, Lertchai Charerntanyarak, Usa Lek-Uthai, Peerapol Sukon, Suttiphan Kitcharoen, Panutas Kritpetcharat
Objectives: This study is aimed to assess the possible genotoxicity and mutagenicity of silk dyes on silk weavers. Methods: Peripheral blood leukocytes were obtained from 24 silk weavers and 24 age- and sex-matched controls in northeastern Thailand. After mitogen stimulation in culture, chromosome abnormalities were examined using Giemsa banding and the absolute telomere length (aTL) was measured with SYBR green qRT-PCR. To confirm genotoxic and mutagenic effects of silk dyes, leukocytes from one each of healthy male and female volunteers were cultured with various concentrations of 3 dark red silk dyes under the presence of mitogen...
February 26, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Hiroyuki Kuroda, Toshiko Kinomoto, Shuji Ogawa, Mayumi Kawabe, Mayuko Suguro, Hitoshi Naraoka, Kazuhiko Takamatsu, Yuji Oishi
Although acotiamide hydrochloride hydrate (acotiamide-HH) has not been reported to have genotoxic findings in any of the genotoxicity studies or treatment-related toxicological findings in reproductive and developmental studies, suspicious uterine tumorigenesis was observed in the results of a long-term rat carcinogenicity study. To clarify the uterine tumorigenesis of acotiamide-HH, we performed a 2-stage uterine carcinogenicity model in the transgenic rasH2 mouse initiated by N-Ethyl-N-nitrosourea (ENU). This model facilitated the short-term detection of uterine carcinogenic potential, and it appears to be a very useful testing method for assessing the safety of chemicals that may affect uterine tumorigenesis...
January 2018: Journal of Toxicologic Pathology
Xia Sheng, Tao Huang, Jianmin Qin, Lin Yang, Zhong-Qiu Sa, Qi Li
The pathogenesis of hepatocellular carcinoma is complex and not fully known yet. This study aims to screen and identify the differentially expressed proteins in peripheral blood and liver tissue samples from rat hepatocellular carcinoma and to further clarify the pathogenesis and discover the specific tumor markers and molecular targets of hepatocellular carcinoma. The hepatocellular carcinoma model of Wistar rats were induced by chemical carcinogen. The serum and liver tissue samples were obtained after induction for 2, 4, 8, 14, 18, and 21 weeks...
January 1, 2018: Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
Robert B Jones, Kaitlyn A Dorsett, Anita B Hjelmeland, Susan L Bellis
Aberrant cell surface glycosylation is prevalent in tumor cells, and there is ample evidence that glycans have functional roles in carcinogenesis. Nonetheless, many molecular details remain unclear. Tumor cells frequently exhibit increased α2-6 sialylation on N-glycans, a modification that is added by the ST6Gal-I sialyltransferase, and emerging evidence suggests that ST6Gal-I-mediated sialylation promotes the survival of tumor cells exposed to various cell stressors. Here we report that ST6Gal-I protects cancer cells from hypoxic stress...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Xianquan Zhan, Yuda Huang, Shehua Qian
Oxidative/nitrative damage is a crucial element among the complex factors that contribute to lung carcinogenesis. Nitric oxide (NO) free radicals, through chemical modifications such as tyrosine nitration, are significantly involved in lung cancinogenesis and metastasis. NO-mediated protein nitration, which is the addition of the nitro group (-NO2) to position 3 of the phenolic ring of a tyrosine residue, is an important molecular event in lung cancer, and has been studied with mass spectrometry. Nitration is involved in multiple biological processes, including signal transduction, protein degradation, energy metabolism, mitochondrial dysfunction, enzyme inactivation, immunogenic response, apoptosis, and cell death...
February 21, 2018: Current Medicinal Chemistry
Daphnee Pushparajah, Costas Ioannides
In order to assess the potential of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) to interact with each other, benzo(a)pyrene (B(a)P) was incubated either alone or in combination with other isomeric 5-ring PAHs in precision-cut rat liver slices. At the end of the incubation, the slices were removed and the O-deethylation of ethoxyresorufin (EROD) was determined in microsomal preparations. The BP-mediated rise in EROD activity was suppressed in the presence of dibenzo(a,j)anthracene, dibenzo(a,c)anthracene and picene, whereas it was increased in the presence of pentacene...
February 19, 2018: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
Javier De Las Rivas, Diego Alonso-López, Mónica M Arroyo
Unraveling the protein interaction wiring that occurs in human cells as a scaffold of biological processes requires the identification of all elements that constitute such molecular interaction networks. Proteome-wide experimental studies and bioinformatic comprehensive efforts have provided reliable and updated compendiums of the human protein interactome. In this work, we present a current view of available databases of human protein-protein interactions (PPIs) that allow building protein interaction networks...
2018: Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology
Melina Mescher, Thomas Haarmann-Stemmann
The human cytochrome P450 (CYP) 1A1 gene encodes a monooxygenase that metabolizes multiple exogenous and endogenous substrates. CYP1A1 has become infamous for its oxidative metabolism of benzo[a]pyrene and related polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, converting these chemicals into very potent human carcinogens. CYP1A1 expression is mainly controlled by the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR), a transcription factor whose activation is induced by binding of persistent organic pollutants, including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and dioxins...
February 17, 2018: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Morgane Placet, Guillaume Arguin, Caroline M Molle, Jean-Philippe Babeu, Christine Jones, Julie C Carrier, Bernand Robaye, Sameh Geha, Francois Boudreau, Fernand-Pierre Gendron
Colorectal tumors are immersed in an array of tumor-promoting factors including extracellular nucleotides such as uridine 5'‑diphosphate (UDP). UDP is the endogenous agonist of the G protein-coupled P2Y 6 receptor (P2Y 6 R), which may contribute to the formation of a tumor-promoting microenvironment by coordinating resistance to apoptosis. Colorectal cancer (CRC) was chemically induced in P2ry6 knockout (P2ry6 -/- ) mice using azoxymethane and dextran sulfate sodium challenges. Mice were euthanatized and their tumor load determined...
February 14, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Sylvin Benjamin Ateba, Sadrine Tchoukouegno Ngeu, Marie Alfrede Mvondo, Job Tchoumtchoua, Charline Florence Awounfack, Liselotte Krenn, Dieudonne Njamen
BACKGROUND: The approval of Taxol® in 1993 marked the great entrance of terpenoids in the anti-cancer area and this drug is still highly important in the treatment of refractory ovarian, breast and other cancers. Over decades, other prominent natural terpenoids have become indispensable for the modern pharmacotherapy of breast cancer. However, given the rapid evolution of drug resistance, effective treatments for advanced breast cancers requiring cytotoxic chemotherapy represent a major unmet clinical need...
February 13, 2018: Current Medicinal Chemistry
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