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CHEMICAL CARCINOGENESIS

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622182/reflux-associated-cholecystopathy-analysis-of-76-gallbladders-from-patients-with-supra-oddi-union-of-the-pancreatic-duct-and-common-bile-duct-pancreatobiliary-maljunction-elucidates-a-specific-diagnostic-pattern-of-mucosal-hyperplasia-as-a-prelude-to-carcinoma
#1
Takashi Muraki, Bahar Memis, Michelle D Reid, Takeshi Uehara, Tetsuya Ito, Osamu Hasebe, Shinji Okaniwa, Naoto Horigome, Takeshi Hisa, Pardeep Mittal, Alexa Freedman, Shishir Maithel, Juan M Sarmiento, Alyssa Krasinskas, Jill Koshiol, Volkan Adsay
Pancreaticobiliary maljunction (PBM) is the anomalous union of the main pancreatic duct and common bile duct outside the Oddi-sphincter, allowing the reflux of pancreatic juice to the gallbladder. There is only limited awareness and understanding of the pathologic correlates of this condition, mostly from Japan; this entity is largely unrecognized in the West. In this study, 76 gallbladders from patients with PBM (64 from Japan; 12 from the United States) were analyzed and contrasted with 66 from non-PBM patients...
June 15, 2017: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619710/heme-oxygenase-1-production-by-intestinal-cx3cr1-macrophages-helps-to-resolve-inflammation-and-prevents-carcinogenesis
#2
Giulia Marelli, Marco Erreni, Achille Anselmo, Valentina Taverniti, Simone Guglielmetti, Alberto Mantovani, Paola Allavena
CX3CR1(+) macrophages in the intestinal lamina propria contribute to gut homeostasis through the immunomodulatory interleukin IL-10, but there is little knowledge on how these cells or the CX3CR1 receptor may affect colorectal carcinogenesis. In this study, we show that CX3CR1-deficient mice fail to resolve gut inflammation despite high production of IL-10 and have increased colitis and adenomatous polyps in chemical and genetic models of colon carcinogenesis. Mechanistically, CX3CL1-mediated engagement of the CX3CR1 receptor induced upregulation of hemoxygenase-1 (HMOX-1), an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory enzyme...
June 15, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606467/aryl-hydrocarbon-receptor-ahr-pioneer-member-of-the-basic-helix-loop-helix-per-arnt-sim-bhlh-pas-family-of-sensors-of-foreign-and-endogenous-signals
#3
REVIEW
Daniel W Nebert
The basic-helix-loop-helix Per-Arnt-Sim (bHLH/PAS) family comprises many transcription factors, found throughout all three kingdoms of life; bHLH/PAS members "sense" innumerable intracellular and extracellular "signals" - including endogenous compounds, foreign chemicals, gas molecules, redox potential, photons (light), gravity, heat, and osmotic pressure. These signals then initiate downstream signaling pathways involved in responding to that signal. The term "PAS", abbreviation for "Per-Arnt-Sim" was first coined in 1991...
June 9, 2017: Progress in Lipid Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605409/hair-product-use-and-breast-cancer-risk-among-african-american-and-white-women
#4
Adana A M Llanos, Anna Rabkin, Elisa V Bandera, Gary Zirpoli, Brian D Gonzalez, Cathleen Y Xing, Bo Qin, Yong Lin, Chi-Chen Hong, Kitaw Demissie, Christine B Ambrosone
Exposures to carcinogens in hair products have been explored as breast cancer risk factors, yielding equivocal findings. We examined hair product use (hair dyes, chemical relaxers and cholesterol or placenta-containing conditioners) among African American (AA) and White women, and explored associations with breast cancer. Multivariable-adjusted models were used to estimate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) to describe the associations of interest among 2,280 cases (1,508 AA and 772 White) and 2,005 controls (1,290 AA and 715 White)...
June 9, 2017: Carcinogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605333/prevention-of-polyphenols-against-carcinogenesis-induced-by-environmental-carcinogens
#5
REVIEW
Marco Clementino, Xianglin Shi, Zhuo Zhang
Cancer is one of the major causes of death in humans. Of all cancers, 19% are attributed to exposure to environmental chemical carcinogens. Dietary polyphenols from teas, vegetables, fruits, and many others exhibit multiple activities against cancers. Exposure to environmental carcinogens such as ultraviolet B (UVB), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), and heavy metals has been demonstrated to cause cancer in humans. In this article, we specifically select UVB, PAHs, and metals as representative of three types of environmental carcinogens: physical, organic, and inorganic, respectively...
2017: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596526/mechanistic-roles-of-micrornas-in-hepatocarcinogenesis-a-study-of-thioacetamide-with-multiple-doses-and-time-points-of-rats
#6
Harsh Dweep, Yuji Morikawa, Binsheng Gong, Jian Yan, Zhichao Liu, Tao Chen, Halil Bisgin, Wen Zou, Huixiao Hong, Tieliu Shi, Ping Gong, Christina Castro, Takeki Uehara, Yuping Wang, Weida Tong
Environmental chemicals exposure is one of the primary factors for liver toxicity and hepatocarcinoma. Thioacetamide (TAA) is a well-known hepatotoxicant and could be a liver carcinogen in humans. The discovery of early and sensitive microRNA (miRNA) biomarkers in liver injury and tumor progression could improve cancer diagnosis, prognosis, and management. To study this, we performed next generation sequencing of the livers of Sprague-Dawley rats treated with TAA at three doses (4.5, 15 and 45 mg/kg) and four time points (3-, 7-, 14- and 28-days)...
June 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596144/serum-protein-expression-profiling-and-bioinformatics-analysis-in-workers-occupationally-exposed-to-chromium-vi
#7
Guiping Hu, Tianjing Wang, Jiaxing Liu, Zhangjian Chen, Lijun Zhong, Shanfa Yu, Zuchang Zhao, Min Zhai, Guang Jia
Cr(VI) is widely-recognized as occupational and environmental contaminant, but the precise underlying mechanisms of Cr(VI) induced carcinogenic toxicity remain to be elucidated. Among kinds of toxic mechanisms, alteration of protein profiling usually elaborate a key mechanism of Cr(VI) induced toxicity and carcinogenesis. Large-scale proteins changes can reflect the onset or progression of carcinogenic toxicity, and potential serum protein biomarkers of Cr(VI) exposure. To gain an insight into the serum proteins expression profiling in chromate workers and find potential novel serum proteins biomarkers of Cr(VI) exposure, 107 male participants from a chromate production plant were recruited into the study...
June 5, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589445/chemoprevention-of-breast-cancer-by-transdermal-delivery-of-%C3%AE-santalol-through-breast-skin-and-mammary-papilla-nipple
#8
Kaushalkumar Dave, Fahd M Alsharif, Saiful Islam, Chandradhar Dwivedi, Omathanu Perumal
PURPOSE: Almost all breast cancers originate from epithelial cells lining the milk ducts in the breast. To this end, the study investigated the feasibility of localized transdermal delivery of α-santalol, a natural chemopreventive agent to the breast. METHODS: Different α-santalol formulations (cream, solution and microemulsion) were developed and the in vitro permeability was studied using excised animal (porcine and rat) and human breast skin/mammary papilla (nipple)...
June 6, 2017: Pharmaceutical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587163/a-tox21-approach-to-altered-epigenetic-landscapes-assessing-epigenetic-toxicity-pathways-leading-to-altered-gene-expression-and-oncogenic-transformation-in-vitro
#9
REVIEW
Craig L Parfett, Daniel Desaulniers
An emerging vision for toxicity testing in the 21st century foresees in vitro assays assuming the leading role in testing for chemical hazards, including testing for carcinogenicity. Toxicity will be determined by monitoring key steps in functionally validated molecular pathways, using tests designed to reveal chemically-induced perturbations that lead to adverse phenotypic endpoints in cultured human cells. Risk assessments would subsequently be derived from the causal in vitro endpoints and concentration vs...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585088/allyl-isothiocyanate-a-potent-chemopreventive-agent-targets-ahr-nrf2-signaling-pathway-in-chemically-induced-mammary-carcinogenesis
#10
Thangarasu Rajakumar, Pachaiappan Pugalendhi, Subbaiyan Thilagavathi, Dhanabalan Ananthakrishnan, Krishnaswamy Gunasekaran
In the present study, we investigated the effect of allyl isothiocyanate (AITC) on liver detoxification signaling pathway in 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA)-induced mammary carcinogenesis. Mammary tumor was induced by a single dose of DMBA (25 mg/rat) injected subcutaneously near the mammary gland in Sprague-Dawley rats. DMBA-alone-treated rats show an increased synthesis of phase I detoxification enzymes, lipid peroxidative markers, liver marker enzymes, and lipid profiles whereas, depletion of phase II detoxification enzymes and antioxidants in rat liver tissues...
June 5, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567016/streptomyces-sp-mum212-as-a-source-of-antioxidants-with-radical-scavenging-and-metal-chelating-properties
#11
Loh Teng-Hern Tan, Kok-Gan Chan, Tahir Mehmood Khan, Sarah Ibrahim Bukhari, Surasak Saokaew, Acharaporn Duangjai, Priyia Pusparajah, Learn-Han Lee, Bey-Hing Goh
Reactive oxygen species and other radicals potentially cause oxidative damage to proteins, lipids, and DNA which may ultimately lead to various complications including mutations, carcinogenesis, neurodegeneration, cardiovascular disease, aging, and inflammatory disease. Recent reports demonstrate that Streptomyces bacteria produce metabolites with potent antioxidant activity that may be developed into therapeutic drugs to combat oxidative stress. This study shows that Streptomyces sp. MUM212 which was isolated from mangrove soil in Kuala Selangor, Malaysia, could be a potential source of antioxidants...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543959/epidemiology-of-urothelial-carcinoma
#12
REVIEW
Jun Miyazaki, Hiroyuki Nishiyama
The epithelium lining is defined as the mucosal surfaces of the renal collecting tubules, calyces and pelvis, as well as the ureter, bladder and urethra. The term "urothelium" is used to refer to these surfaces. Upper tract urothelial carcinoma is a rare subset of urothelial cancers with a poor prognosis. Urinary bladder cancer is the most common malignancy involving the urinary system. Upper tract urothelial carcinoma is more common in men than in women, with a male-to-female ratio of 2:1. The incidence of urinary bladder cancer is also higher in men...
May 21, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541575/xenobiotic-car-activators-induce-dlk1-dio3-locus-non-coding-rna-expression-in-mouse-liver
#13
Lucie Pouché, Antonio Vitobello, Michael Römer, Milica Glogovac, A Kenneth MacLeod, Heidrun Ellinger-Ziegelbauer, Magdalena Westphal, Valérie Dubost, Daniel Philipp Stiehl, Bérengère Dumotier, Alexander Fekete, Pierre Moulin, Andreas Zell, Michael Schwarz, Rita Moreno, Jeffrey T J Huang, Cliff R Elcombe, Colin J Henderson, C Roland Wolf, Jonathan G Moggs, Rémi Terranova
Derisking xenobiotic-induced non-genotoxic carcinogenesis (NGC) represents a significant challenge during the safety assessment of chemicals and therapeutic drugs. The identification of robust mechanism-based NGC biomarkers has the potential to enhance cancer hazard identification. We previously demonstrated Constitutive Androstane Receptor (CAR) and WNT signaling-dependent up-regulation of the pluripotency associated Dlk1-Dio3 imprinted gene cluster non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) in the liver of mice treated with tumor-promoting doses of phenobarbital (PB)...
May 25, 2017: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514181/folic-acid-modulates-dmba-tpa-induced-changes-in-skin-of-mice-a-study-relevant-to-carcinogenesis
#14
Ashwani Koul, Navneet Kaur, Neha Arora Chugh
The present study was aimed at investigating the modulatory effects of folic acid (FA) on early stages of chemically induced skin cancer. For this, a two-stage model of skin tumorigenesis was employed. 7,12-Dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA, 500 nmol/100 ul of acetone) was applied topically for two weeks (twice weekly), followed by phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate (TPA, 1.7 nmol/100 ul) twice weekly for six weeks on the depilated skin of mice, and FA was administered orally at a dose of 40 microgram/animal for 10 weeks daily...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505145/dna-methylation-targets-influenced-by-bisphenol-a-and-or-genistein-are-associated-with-survival-outcomes-in-breast-cancer-patients
#15
Rohit R Jadhav, Julia Santucci-Pereira, Yao V Wang, Joseph Liu, Theresa D Nguyen, Jun Wang, Sarah Jenkins, Jose Russo, Tim H-M Huang, Victor X Jin, Coral A Lamartiniere
Early postnatal exposures to Bisphenol A (BPA) and genistein (GEN) have been reported to predispose for and against mammary cancer, respectively, in adult rats. Since the changes in cancer susceptibility occurs in the absence of the original chemical exposure, we have investigated the potential of epigenetics to account for these changes. DNA methylation studies reveal that prepubertal BPA exposure alters signaling pathways that contribute to carcinogenesis. Prepubertal exposure to GEN and BPA + GEN revealed pathways involved in maintenance of cellular function, indicating that the presence of GEN either reduces or counters some of the alterations caused by the carcinogenic properties of BPA...
May 15, 2017: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486173/effects-of-fish-oil-supplementation-on-prostaglandins-in-normal-and-tumor-colon-tissue-modulation-by-the-lipogenic-phenotype-of-colon-tumors
#16
Zora Djuric, Muhammad Nadeem Aslam, Becky R Simon, Ananda Sen, Yan Jiang, Jianwei Ren, Rena Chan, Tanu Soni, T M Rajendiran, William L Smith, Dean E Brenner
Dietary fish oils have potential for prevention of colon cancer, and yet the mechanisms of action in normal and tumor colon tissues are not well defined. Here we evaluated the impact of the colonic fatty acid milieu on the formation of prostaglandins and other eicosanoids. Distal tumors in rats were chemically induced to model inflammatory colonic carcinogenesis. After 21 weeks of feeding with either a fish oil diet containing an eicosapentaenoic acid/ω-6 fatty acid ratio of 0.4 or a Western fat diet, the relationships between colon fatty acids and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) concentrations were evaluated...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465816/breast-cancer-chemopreventive-and-chemotherapeutic-effects-of-camellia-sinensis-green-tea-an-updated-review
#17
REVIEW
Mahmoud Rafieian-Kopaei, Mino Movahedi
INTRODUCTION: Camellia sinensis belongs to the plant family of Theaceae, native to East Asia, the Indian Subcontinent and Southeast Asia, but naturalized in many parts of the world. The aim of this study was to overview its anti-breast cancer chemopreventive and chemotherapeutic effects. This review article is aimed to overview breast cancer chemopreventive and chemotherapeutic effects of Camellia sinensis (green tea). METHODS: This review article was carried out by searching studies in PubMed, Medline, Web of Science, and IranMedex databases...
February 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454225/js-k-promotes-apoptosis-by-inducing-ros-production-in-human-prostate-cancer-cells
#18
Mingning Qiu, Lieqian Chen, Guobin Tan, Longzhi Ke, Sai Zhang, Hege Chen, Jianjun Liu
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are chemical species that alter redox status, and are responsible for inducing carcinogenesis. The purpose of the present study was to assess the effects of the glutathione S transferase-activated nitric oxide donor prodrug, JS-K, on ROS accumulation and on proliferation and apoptosis in human prostate cancer cells. Cell proliferation and apoptosis, ROS accumulation and the activation of the mitochondrial signaling pathway were measured. The results demonstrated that JS-K may inhibit prostate cancer cell growth in a dose- and time-dependent manner, and induce ROS accumulation and apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner...
March 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454080/relevance-of-ccl3-ccr5-axis-in-oral-carcinogenesis
#19
Janine Mayra da Silva, Tálita Pollyanna Moreira Dos Santos, Lays Martin Sobral, Celso Martins Queiroz-Junior, Milene Alvarenga Rachid, Amanda E I Proudfoot, Gustavo Pompermaier Garlet, Aline Carvalho Batista, Mauro Martins Teixeira, Andréia Machado Leopoldino, Remo Castro Russo, Tarcília Aparecida Silva
The chemokine CCL3 is a chemotactic cytokine crucial for inflammatory cell recruitment in homeostatic and pathological conditions. CCL3 might stimulate cancer progression by promoting leukocyte accumulation, angiogenesis and tumour growth. The expression of CCL3 and its receptors CCR1 and CCR5 was demonstrated in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), but their role was not defined. Here, the functions of CCL3 were assessed using a model of chemically induced tongue carcinogenesis with 4-nitroquinoline-1-oxide (4NQO)...
April 6, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441709/association-of-cyp3a5-3-and-cyp1a1-2c-polymorphism-with-development-of-acute-myeloid-leukemia-in-egyptian-patients
#20
Nahed Abd El Wahab, Nevine F Shafik, Roxan E Shafik, Sherin A Taha, Hanan E Shafik, Amira D Darwish
Aim: Cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzyme catalyzes the phase I metabolism reaction which metabolize endogenous and exogenous DNA-reactive chemical compounds and xenobiotics which could induce genotoxicity and increase the risk for leukemia. We aimed to detect frequency of CYP3A5*3 and CYP1A1*2C polymorphisms in Egyptian acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients and to determine role of allele’s variants as a risk factor for developing leukemia. Patients and Methods: A case-control study was conducted on seventy acute myeloid leukemia patients and thirty control subjects...
March 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
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