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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922176/dipeptidyl-peptidase-4-inhibitor-sitagliptin-reduces-inflammation-fibrosis-and-preserves-diastolic-function-in-a-rat-model-of-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction
#1
Grazia Esposito, Donato Cappetta, Rosa Russo, Alessia Rivellino, Loreta Pia Ciuffreda, Fiorentina Roviezzo, Elena Piegari, L Liberato Berrino, Francesco Rossi, Antonella De Angelis, Konrad Urbanek
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is a systemic syndrome driven by co-morbidities and its pathophysiology is poorly understood. Several studies suggesting that dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP4) might be involved in the pathophysiology of heart failure prompted experimental and clinical investigations of DPP4 inhibitors on cardiovascular system. The aim of our study was to determine whether DPP4 inhibitor sitagliptin (SITA) affects the progression of HFpEF independently from the effects on glycaemia...
December 6, 2016: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921399/antioxidant-and-antidiabetic-properties-of-tartary-buckwheat-rice-flavonoids-after-in-vitro-digestion
#2
Tao Bao, Ye Wang, Yu-Ting Li, Vemana Gowd, Xin-He Niu, Hai-Ying Yang, Li-Shui Chen, Wei Chen, Chong-de Sun
Oxidative stress and diabetes have a tendency to alter protein, lipid, and DNA moieties. One of the strategic methods used to reduce diabetes-associated oxidative stress is to inhibit the carbohydrate-digesting enzymes, thereby decreasing gastrointestinal glucose production. Plant-derived natural antioxidant molecules are considered a therapeutic tool in the treatment of oxidative stress and diabetes. The objective of this study was to identify tartary buckwheat rice flavonoids and evaluate the effect of in vitro digestion on their antioxidant and antidiabetic properties...
2016: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916693/comparison-of-2-strategies-to-enhance-pyridoclax-solubility-nanoemulsion-delivery-system-versus-salt-synthesis
#3
A-C Groo, M De Pascale, A-S Voisin-Chiret, S Corvaisier, M Since, A Malzert-Fréon
Pyridoclax is an original oligopyridine lead, very promising in treatment of chemoresistant cancers. However, from solubility measurement and permeability evaluation, it appeared that this compound can be considered as a BCS II drug, with a poor water solubility. To overcome this unfavorable property, two strategies were proposed and compared: pyridoclax di-hydrochloride salt synthesis and formulation of pyridoclax-loaded nanoemulsions (PNEs) efficiently performed by transposing the spontaneous emulsification process previously developed by our team...
December 1, 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916649/new-horizons-for-cystic-fibrosis-treatment
#4
REVIEW
Isabelle Fajac, Kris De Boeck
Cystic fibrosis is an inherited multi-system disease associated with chronic lung infection, malabsorption, salt loss syndromes, male infertility and leading to numerous comorbidities. The landscape in cystic fibrosis care has changed markedly with currently more adult patients than children in many countries. Over 2000 different mutations in theCFTRgene have been reported and the majority are extremely rare. Understanding howCFTRmutations translate to disturbed synthesis or function of the CFTR protein has opened the way to 'personalized' treatments to correct the basic defect...
December 1, 2016: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909913/plant-extracts-as-phytogenic-additives-considering-intake-digestibility-and-feeding-behavior-of-sheep
#5
Camila Sousa da Silva, Evaristo Jorge Oliveira de Souza, Gerfesson Felipe Cavalcanti Pereira, Edwilka Oliveira Cavalcante, Ewerton Ivo Martins de Lima, Thaysa Rodrigues Torres, José Ricardo Coelho da Silva, Daniel Cézar da Silva
The objective was to evaluate the intake, digestibility, and ingestive sheep behavior with feeding phytogenic additives derived from plant extracts. Five non-emasculated sheep without defined breed at 28 ± 1.81 kg initial body weight and 6 months age were used. Treatments consisted of administering four phytogenic additives from the garlic extracts, coriander seed, oregano, and pods of mesquite, plus a control treatment (without additive). The ration was composed of Tifton 85 hay grass, corn, soybean meal, and mineral salt...
December 1, 2016: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905009/increased-serum-al-levels-in-hemodialysis-patients-kept-enhanced-during-a-2-year-prospective-study
#6
Maria L Reina de la Torre, Herminia Lopez García de la Serrana, Loreto Martí Del Moral, Magdalena Palomares Bayo, Miguel Navarro-Alarcón
The regulation of mineral homeostasis is altered in hemodialysis patients with renal insufficiency, producing increased risk for secondary diseases like cardiovascular ones. We hypothesized that risen serum aluminum (Al) concentration in hemodialysis patients kept enhanced during a 2-year longitudinal study is associated with enhanced cardiovascular risk and influenced by medical treatments. This study reports the prospective monitoring of serum Al levels in six-monthly samplings over 2 years in 116 hemodialysis patients and a control group of 50 healthy adults...
November 30, 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872020/niclosamide-ethanolamine-inhibits-artery-constriction
#7
Shan-Liang Li, Jie Yan, Yan-Qiu Zhang, Chang-Lin Zhen, Ming-Yu Liu, Jing Jin, Jin-Lai Gao, Xiao-Lin Xiao, Xin Shen, Yu Tai, Nan Hu, Xin-Zi Zhang, Zhi-Jie Sun, De-Li Dong
We previously demonstrated that the typical mitochondrial uncoupler carbonyl cyanide m-chlorophenylhydrazone (CCCP) inhibited artery constriction, but CCCP was used only as a pharmacological tool. Niclosamide is an anthelmintic drug approved by FDA. Niclosamide ethanolamine (NEN) is a salt form of niclosamide and has been demonstrated to uncouple mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation. The aim of the present study was to elucidate the vasoactivity of NEN and the potential mechanisms. Isometric tension of rat mesenteric artery and thoracic aorta was recorded by using multi-wire myograph system...
November 18, 2016: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870936/photochemical-transformation-of-zearalenone-in-aqueous-solutions-under-simulated-solar-irradiation-kinetics-and-influence-of-water-constituents
#8
Elissandro S Emídio, Vânia Calisto, Mary Rosa R de Marchi, Valdemar I Esteves
The presence of estrogenic mycotoxins, such as zearalenone (ZEN), in surface waters is an emerging environmental issue. Little is known about its phototransformation behavior, which may influence its environmental fate. In this context, the phototransformation of ZEN was investigated in pure water, river water and estuarine water using simulated sunlight irradiation. Kinetic studies revealed that two concomitant processes contribute to the fate of ZEN under solar irradiation: photoisomerization and photodegradation...
November 18, 2016: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863081/organocatalytic-coupling-of-co2-with-oxetane
#9
Margot Alves, Bruno Grignard, Amélie Boyaval, Raphael Méreau, Julien De Winter, Pascal Gerbaux, Christophe Detrembleur, Thierry Tassaing, Christine Jérôme
The organocatalytic coupling of CO2 with oxetanes is investigated under solvent-free conditions. The influence of the main reaction parameters (type of organocatalytic system, pressure, and temperature) on the yield, the product formed, and the selectivity of the reaction are discussed. An onium salt combined with a fluorinated alcohol promotes the efficient and selective organocatalytic synthesis of α,ω-hydroxyl oligocarbonates by coupling CO2 with oxetanes at 130 °C and at a CO2 pressure as low as 2 MPa...
November 15, 2016: ChemSusChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854340/a-green-approach-for-allylations-of-aldehydes-and-ketones-combining-allylborate-mechanochemistry-and-lanthanide-catalyst
#10
Viviane P de Souza, Cristiane K Oliveira, Thiago M de Souza, Paulo H Menezes, Severino Alves, Ricardo L Longo, Ivani Malvestiti
Secondary and tertiary alcohols synthesized via allylation of aldehydes and ketones are important compounds in bioactive natural products and industry, including pharmaceuticals. Development of a mechanochemical method using potassium allyltrifluoroborate salt and water, to successfully perform the allylation of aromatic and aliphatic carbonyl compounds is reported for the first time. By controlling the grinding parameters, the methodology can be selective, namely, very efficient for aldehydes and ineffective for ketones, but by employing lanthanide catalysts, the reactions with ketones can become practically quantitative...
November 16, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843490/presence-does-not-imply-activity-dna-and-rna-patterns-differ-in-response-to-salt-perturbation-in-anaerobic-digestion
#11
Jo De Vrieze, Leticia Regueiro, Ruben Props, Ramiro Vilchez-Vargas, Ruy Jáuregui, Dietmar H Pieper, Juan M Lema, Marta Carballa
BACKGROUND: The microbial community in anaerobic digestion is mainly monitored by means of DNA-based methods. This may lead to incorrect interpretation of the community parameters, because microbial abundance does not necessarily reflect activity. In this research, the difference between microbial community response on DNA (total community) and RNA (active community) based on the 16S rRNA (gene) with respect to salt concentration and response time was evaluated. RESULTS: The application of higher NaCl concentrations resulted in a decrease in methane production...
2016: Biotechnology for Biofuels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834993/measurement-of-the-inelastic-proton-proton-cross-section-at-sqrt-s-13%C3%A2-%C3%A2-tev-with-the-atlas-detector-at-the-lhc
#12
M Aaboud, G Aad, B Abbott, J Abdallah, O Abdinov, B Abeloos, R Aben, O S AbouZeid, N L Abraham, H Abramowicz, H Abreu, R Abreu, Y Abulaiti, B S Acharya, L Adamczyk, D L Adams, J Adelman, S Adomeit, T Adye, A A Affolder, T Agatonovic-Jovin, J Agricola, J A Aguilar-Saavedra, S P Ahlen, F Ahmadov, G Aielli, H Akerstedt, T P A Åkesson, A V Akimov, G L Alberghi, J Albert, S Albrand, M J Alconada Verzini, M Aleksa, I N Aleksandrov, C Alexa, G Alexander, T Alexopoulos, M Alhroob, B Ali, M Aliev, G Alimonti, J Alison, S P Alkire, B M M Allbrooke, B W Allen, P P Allport, A Aloisio, A Alonso, F Alonso, C Alpigiani, M Alstaty, B Alvarez Gonzalez, D Álvarez Piqueras, M G Alviggi, B T Amadio, K Amako, Y Amaral Coutinho, C Amelung, D Amidei, S P Amor Dos Santos, A Amorim, S Amoroso, G Amundsen, C Anastopoulos, L S Ancu, N Andari, T Andeen, C F Anders, G Anders, J K Anders, K J Anderson, A Andreazza, V Andrei, S Angelidakis, I Angelozzi, P Anger, A Angerami, F Anghinolfi, A V Anisenkov, N Anjos, A Annovi, C Antel, M Antonelli, A Antonov, F Anulli, M Aoki, L Aperio Bella, G Arabidze, Y Arai, J P Araque, A T H Arce, F A Arduh, J-F Arguin, S Argyropoulos, M Arik, A J Armbruster, L J Armitage, O Arnaez, H Arnold, M Arratia, O Arslan, A Artamonov, G Artoni, S Artz, S Asai, N Asbah, A Ashkenazi, B Åsman, L Asquith, K Assamagan, R Astalos, M Atkinson, N B Atlay, K Augsten, G Avolio, B Axen, M K Ayoub, G Azuelos, M A Baak, A E Baas, M J Baca, H Bachacou, K Bachas, M Backes, M Backhaus, P Bagiacchi, P Bagnaia, Y Bai, J T Baines, O K Baker, E M Baldin, P Balek, T Balestri, F Balli, W K Balunas, E Banas, Sw Banerjee, A A E Bannoura, L Barak, E L Barberio, D Barberis, M Barbero, T Barillari, M-S Barisits, T Barklow, N Barlow, S L Barnes, B M Barnett, R M Barnett, Z Barnovska, A Baroncelli, G Barone, A J Barr, L Barranco Navarro, F Barreiro, J Barreiro Guimarães da Costa, R Bartoldus, A E Barton, P Bartos, A Basalaev, A Bassalat, R L Bates, S J Batista, J R Batley, M Battaglia, M Bauce, F Bauer, H S Bawa, J B Beacham, M D Beattie, T Beau, P H Beauchemin, P Bechtle, H P Beck, K Becker, M Becker, M Beckingham, C Becot, A J Beddall, A Beddall, V A Bednyakov, M Bedognetti, C P Bee, L J Beemster, T A Beermann, M Begel, J K Behr, C Belanger-Champagne, A S Bell, G Bella, L Bellagamba, A Bellerive, M Bellomo, K Belotskiy, O Beltramello, N L Belyaev, O Benary, D Benchekroun, M Bender, K Bendtz, N Benekos, Y Benhammou, E Benhar Noccioli, J Benitez, D P Benjamin, J R Bensinger, S Bentvelsen, L Beresford, M Beretta, D Berge, E Bergeaas Kuutmann, N Berger, J Beringer, S Berlendis, N R Bernard, C Bernius, F U Bernlochner, T Berry, P Berta, C Bertella, G Bertoli, F Bertolucci, I A Bertram, C Bertsche, D Bertsche, G J Besjes, O Bessidskaia Bylund, M Bessner, N Besson, C Betancourt, A Bethani, S Bethke, A J Bevan, R M Bianchi, L Bianchini, M Bianco, O Biebel, D Biedermann, R Bielski, N V Biesuz, M Biglietti, J Bilbao De Mendizabal, T R V Billoud, H Bilokon, M Bindi, S Binet, A Bingul, C Bini, S Biondi, T Bisanz, D M Bjergaard, C W Black, J E Black, K M Black, D Blackburn, R E Blair, J-B Blanchard, T Blazek, I Bloch, C Blocker, W Blum, U Blumenschein, S Blunier, G J Bobbink, V S Bobrovnikov, S S Bocchetta, A Bocci, C Bock, M Boehler, D Boerner, J A Bogaerts, D Bogavac, A G Bogdanchikov, C Bohm, V Boisvert, P Bokan, T Bold, A S Boldyrev, M Bomben, M Bona, M Boonekamp, A Borisov, G Borissov, J Bortfeldt, D Bortoletto, V Bortolotto, K Bos, D Boscherini, M Bosman, J D Bossio Sola, J Boudreau, J Bouffard, E V Bouhova-Thacker, D Boumediene, C Bourdarios, S K Boutle, A Boveia, J Boyd, I R Boyko, J Bracinik, A Brandt, G Brandt, O Brandt, U Bratzler, B Brau, J E Brau, H M Braun, W D Breaden Madden, K Brendlinger, A J Brennan, L Brenner, R Brenner, S Bressler, T M Bristow, D Britton, D Britzger, F M Brochu, I Brock, R Brock, G Brooijmans, T Brooks, W K Brooks, J Brosamer, E Brost, J H Broughton, P A Bruckman de Renstrom, D Bruncko, R Bruneliere, A Bruni, G Bruni, L S Bruni, B H Brunt, M Bruschi, N Bruscino, P Bryant, L Bryngemark, T Buanes, Q Buat, P Buchholz, A G Buckley, I A Budagov, F Buehrer, M K Bugge, O Bulekov, D Bullock, H Burckhart, S Burdin, C D Burgard, B Burghgrave, K Burka, S Burke, I Burmeister, J T P Burr, E Busato, D Büscher, V Büscher, P Bussey, J M Butler, C M Buttar, J M Butterworth, P Butti, W Buttinger, A Buzatu, A R Buzykaev, S Cabrera Urbán, D Caforio, V M Cairo, O Cakir, N Calace, P Calafiura, A Calandri, G Calderini, P Calfayan, G Callea, L P Caloba, S Calvente Lopez, D Calvet, S Calvet, T P Calvet, R Camacho Toro, S Camarda, P Camarri, D Cameron, R Caminal Armadans, C Camincher, S Campana, M Campanelli, A Camplani, A Campoverde, V Canale, A Canepa, M Cano Bret, J Cantero, R Cantrill, T Cao, M D M Capeans Garrido, I Caprini, M Caprini, M Capua, R Caputo, R M Carbone, R Cardarelli, F Cardillo, I Carli, T Carli, G Carlino, L Carminati, S Caron, E Carquin, G D Carrillo-Montoya, J R Carter, J Carvalho, D Casadei, M P Casado, M Casolino, D W Casper, E Castaneda-Miranda, R Castelijn, A Castelli, V Castillo Gimenez, N F Castro, A Catinaccio, J R Catmore, A Cattai, J Caudron, V Cavaliere, E Cavallaro, D Cavalli, M Cavalli-Sforza, V Cavasinni, F Ceradini, L Cerda Alberich, B C Cerio, A S Cerqueira, A Cerri, L Cerrito, F Cerutti, M Cerv, A Cervelli, S A Cetin, A Chafaq, D Chakraborty, S K Chan, Y L Chan, P Chang, J D Chapman, D G Charlton, A Chatterjee, C C Chau, C A Chavez Barajas, S Che, S Cheatham, A Chegwidden, S Chekanov, S V Chekulaev, G A Chelkov, M A Chelstowska, C Chen, H Chen, K Chen, S Chen, S Chen, X Chen, Y Chen, H C Cheng, H J Cheng, Y Cheng, A Cheplakov, E Cheremushkina, R Cherkaoui El Moursli, V Chernyatin, E Cheu, L Chevalier, V Chiarella, G Chiarelli, G Chiodini, A S Chisholm, A Chitan, M V Chizhov, K Choi, A R Chomont, S Chouridou, B K B Chow, V Christodoulou, D Chromek-Burckhart, J Chudoba, A J Chuinard, J J Chwastowski, L Chytka, G Ciapetti, A K Ciftci, D Cinca, V Cindro, I A Cioara, C Ciocca, A Ciocio, F Cirotto, Z H Citron, M Citterio, M Ciubancan, A Clark, B L Clark, M R Clark, P J Clark, R N Clarke, C Clement, Y Coadou, M Cobal, A Coccaro, J Cochran, L Colasurdo, B Cole, A P Colijn, J Collot, T Colombo, G Compostella, P Conde Muiño, E Coniavitis, S H Connell, I A Connelly, V Consorti, S Constantinescu, G Conti, F Conventi, M Cooke, B D Cooper, A M Cooper-Sarkar, K J R Cormier, T Cornelissen, M Corradi, F Corriveau, A Corso-Radu, A Cortes-Gonzalez, G Cortiana, G Costa, M J Costa, D Costanzo, G Cottin, G Cowan, B E Cox, K Cranmer, S J Crawley, G Cree, S Crépé-Renaudin, F Crescioli, W A Cribbs, M Crispin Ortuzar, M Cristinziani, V Croft, G Crosetti, A Cueto, T Cuhadar Donszelmann, J Cummings, M Curatolo, J Cúth, H Czirr, P Czodrowski, G D'amen, S D'Auria, M D'Onofrio, M J Da Cunha Sargedas De Sousa, C Da Via, W Dabrowski, T Dado, T Dai, O Dale, F Dallaire, C Dallapiccola, M Dam, J R Dandoy, N P Dang, A C Daniells, N S Dann, M Danninger, M Dano Hoffmann, V Dao, G Darbo, S Darmora, J Dassoulas, A Dattagupta, W Davey, C David, T Davidek, M Davies, P Davison, E Dawe, I Dawson, R K Daya-Ishmukhametova, K De, R de Asmundis, A De Benedetti, S De Castro, S De Cecco, N De Groot, P de Jong, H De la Torre, F De Lorenzi, A De Maria, D De Pedis, A De Salvo, U De Sanctis, A De Santo, J B De Vivie De Regie, W J Dearnaley, R Debbe, C Debenedetti, D V Dedovich, N Dehghanian, I Deigaard, M Del Gaudio, J Del Peso, T Del Prete, D Delgove, F Deliot, C M Delitzsch, A Dell'Acqua, L Dell'Asta, M Dell'Orso, M Della Pietra, D Della Volpe, M Delmastro, P A Delsart, D A DeMarco, S Demers, M Demichev, A Demilly, S P Denisov, D Denysiuk, D Derendarz, J E Derkaoui, F Derue, P Dervan, K Desch, C Deterre, K Dette, P O Deviveiros, A Dewhurst, S Dhaliwal, A Di Ciaccio, L Di Ciaccio, W K Di Clemente, C Di Donato, A Di Girolamo, B Di Girolamo, B Di Micco, R Di Nardo, A Di Simone, R Di Sipio, D Di Valentino, C Diaconu, M Diamond, F A Dias, M A Diaz, E B Diehl, J Dietrich, S Diglio, A Dimitrievska, J Dingfelder, P Dita, S Dita, F Dittus, F Djama, T Djobava, J I Djuvsland, M A B do Vale, D Dobos, M Dobre, C Doglioni, J Dolejsi, Z Dolezal, M Donadelli, S Donati, P Dondero, J Donini, J Dopke, A Doria, M T Dova, A T Doyle, E Drechsler, M Dris, Y Du, J Duarte-Campderros, E Duchovni, G Duckeck, O A Ducu, D Duda, A Dudarev, A Chr Dudder, E M Duffield, L Duflot, M Dührssen, M Dumancic, M Dunford, H Duran Yildiz, M Düren, A Durglishvili, D Duschinger, B Dutta, M Dyndal, C Eckardt, K M Ecker, R C Edgar, N C Edwards, T Eifert, G Eigen, K Einsweiler, T Ekelof, M El Kacimi, V Ellajosyula, M Ellert, S Elles, F Ellinghaus, A A Elliot, N Ellis, J Elmsheuser, M Elsing, D Emeliyanov, Y Enari, O C Endner, J S Ennis, J Erdmann, A Ereditato, G Ernis, J Ernst, M Ernst, S Errede, E Ertel, M Escalier, H Esch, C Escobar, B Esposito, A I Etienvre, E Etzion, H Evans, A Ezhilov, F Fabbri, L Fabbri, G Facini, R M Fakhrutdinov, S Falciano, R J Falla, J Faltova, Y Fang, M Fanti, A Farbin, A Farilla, C Farina, E M Farina, T Farooque, S Farrell, S M Farrington, P Farthouat, F Fassi, P Fassnacht, D Fassouliotis, M Faucci Giannelli, A Favareto, W J Fawcett, L Fayard, O L Fedin, W Fedorko, S Feigl, L Feligioni, C Feng, E J Feng, H Feng, A B Fenyuk, L Feremenga, P Fernandez Martinez, S Fernandez Perez, J Ferrando, A Ferrari, P Ferrari, R Ferrari, D E Ferreira de Lima, A Ferrer, D Ferrere, C Ferretti, A Ferretto Parodi, F Fiedler, A Filipčič, M Filipuzzi, F Filthaut, M Fincke-Keeler, K D Finelli, M C N Fiolhais, L Fiorini, A Firan, A Fischer, C Fischer, J Fischer, W C Fisher, N Flaschel, I Fleck, P Fleischmann, G T Fletcher, R R M Fletcher, T Flick, A Floderus, L R Flores Castillo, M J Flowerdew, G T Forcolin, A Formica, A Forti, A G Foster, D Fournier, H Fox, S Fracchia, P Francavilla, M Franchini, D Francis, L Franconi, M Franklin, M Frate, M Fraternali, D Freeborn, S M Fressard-Batraneanu, F Friedrich, D Froidevaux, J A Frost, C Fukunaga, E Fullana Torregrosa, T Fusayasu, J Fuster, C Gabaldon, O Gabizon, A Gabrielli, A Gabrielli, G P Gach, S Gadatsch, S Gadomski, G Gagliardi, L G Gagnon, P Gagnon, C Galea, B Galhardo, E J Gallas, B J Gallop, P Gallus, G Galster, K K Gan, J Gao, Y Gao, Y S Gao, F M Garay Walls, C García, J E García Navarro, M Garcia-Sciveres, R W Gardner, N Garelli, V Garonne, A Gascon Bravo, K Gasnikova, C Gatti, A Gaudiello, G Gaudio, L Gauthier, I L Gavrilenko, C Gay, G Gaycken, E N Gazis, Z Gecse, C N P Gee, Ch Geich-Gimbel, M Geisen, M P Geisler, C Gemme, M H Genest, C Geng, S Gentile, C Gentsos, S George, D Gerbaudo, A Gershon, S Ghasemi, H Ghazlane, M Ghneimat, B Giacobbe, S Giagu, P Giannetti, B Gibbard, S M Gibson, M Gignac, M Gilchriese, T P S Gillam, D Gillberg, G Gilles, D M Gingrich, N Giokaris, M P Giordani, F M Giorgi, F M Giorgi, P F Giraud, P Giromini, D Giugni, F Giuli, C Giuliani, M Giulini, B K Gjelsten, S Gkaitatzis, I Gkialas, E L Gkougkousis, L K Gladilin, C Glasman, J Glatzer, P C F Glaysher, A Glazov, M Goblirsch-Kolb, J Godlewski, S Goldfarb, T Golling, D Golubkov, A Gomes, R Gonçalo, J Goncalves Pinto Firmino Da Costa, G Gonella, L Gonella, A Gongadze, S González de la Hoz, G Gonzalez Parra, S Gonzalez-Sevilla, L Goossens, P A Gorbounov, H A Gordon, I Gorelov, B Gorini, E Gorini, A Gorišek, E Gornicki, A T Goshaw, C Gössling, M I Gostkin, C R Goudet, D Goujdami, A G Goussiou, N Govender, E Gozani, L Graber, I Grabowska-Bold, P O J Gradin, P Grafström, J Gramling, E Gramstad, S Grancagnolo, V Gratchev, P M Gravila, H M Gray, E Graziani, Z D Greenwood, C Grefe, K Gregersen, I M Gregor, P Grenier, K Grevtsov, J Griffiths, A A Grillo, K Grimm, S Grinstein, Ph Gris, J-F Grivaz, S Groh, J P Grohs, E Gross, J Grosse-Knetter, G C Grossi, Z J Grout, L Guan, W Guan, J Guenther, F Guescini, D Guest, O Gueta, E Guido, T Guillemin, S Guindon, U Gul, C Gumpert, J Guo, Y Guo, R Gupta, S Gupta, G Gustavino, P Gutierrez, N G Gutierrez Ortiz, C Gutschow, C Guyot, C Gwenlan, C B Gwilliam, A Haas, C Haber, H K Hadavand, N Haddad, A Hadef, S Hageböck, Z Hajduk, H Hakobyan, M Haleem, J Haley, G Halladjian, G D Hallewell, K Hamacher, P Hamal, K Hamano, A Hamilton, G N Hamity, P G Hamnett, L Han, K Hanagaki, K Hanawa, M Hance, B Haney, S Hanisch, P Hanke, R Hanna, J B Hansen, J D Hansen, M C Hansen, P H Hansen, K Hara, A S Hard, T Harenberg, F Hariri, S Harkusha, R D Harrington, P F Harrison, F Hartjes, N M Hartmann, M Hasegawa, Y Hasegawa, A Hasib, S Hassani, S Haug, R Hauser, L Hauswald, M Havranek, C M Hawkes, R J Hawkings, D Hayakawa, D Hayden, C P Hays, J M Hays, H S Hayward, S J Haywood, S J Head, T Heck, V Hedberg, L Heelan, S Heim, T Heim, B Heinemann, J J Heinrich, L Heinrich, C Heinz, J Hejbal, L Helary, S Hellman, C Helsens, J Henderson, R C W Henderson, Y Heng, S Henkelmann, A M Henriques Correia, S Henrot-Versille, G H Herbert, V Herget, Y Hernández Jiménez, G Herten, R Hertenberger, L Hervas, G G Hesketh, N P Hessey, J W Hetherly, R Hickling, E Higón-Rodriguez, E Hill, J C Hill, K H Hiller, S J Hillier, 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Sopko, V Sorin, D Sosa, C L Sotiropoulou, R Soualah, A M Soukharev, D South, B C Sowden, S Spagnolo, M Spalla, M Spangenberg, F Spanò, D Sperlich, F Spettel, R Spighi, G Spigo, L A Spiller, M Spousta, R D St Denis, A Stabile, R Stamen, S Stamm, E Stanecka, R W Stanek, C Stanescu, M Stanescu-Bellu, M M Stanitzki, S Stapnes, E A Starchenko, G H Stark, J Stark, P Staroba, P Starovoitov, S Stärz, R Staszewski, P Steinberg, B Stelzer, H J Stelzer, O Stelzer-Chilton, H Stenzel, G A Stewart, J A Stillings, M C Stockton, M Stoebe, G Stoicea, P Stolte, S Stonjek, A R Stradling, A Straessner, M E Stramaglia, J Strandberg, S Strandberg, A Strandlie, M Strauss, P Strizenec, R Ströhmer, D M Strom, R Stroynowski, A Strubig, S A Stucci, B Stugu, N A Styles, D Su, J Su, S Suchek, Y Sugaya, M Suk, V V Sulin, S Sultansoy, T Sumida, S Sun, X Sun, J E Sundermann, K Suruliz, G Susinno, M R Sutton, S Suzuki, M Svatos, M Swiatlowski, I Sykora, T Sykora, D Ta, C Taccini, K Tackmann, J Taenzer, A Taffard, R Tafirout, N Taiblum, H Takai, R Takashima, T Takeshita, Y Takubo, M Talby, A A Talyshev, K G Tan, J Tanaka, M Tanaka, R Tanaka, S Tanaka, B B Tannenwald, S Tapia Araya, S Tapprogge, S Tarem, G F Tartarelli, P Tas, M Tasevsky, T Tashiro, E Tassi, A Tavares Delgado, Y Tayalati, A C Taylor, G N Taylor, P T E Taylor, W Taylor, F A Teischinger, P Teixeira-Dias, K K Temming, D Temple, H Ten Kate, P K Teng, J J Teoh, F Tepel, S Terada, K Terashi, J Terron, S Terzo, M Testa, R J Teuscher, T Theveneaux-Pelzer, J P Thomas, J Thomas-Wilsker, E N Thompson, P D Thompson, A S Thompson, L A Thomsen, E Thomson, M Thomson, M J Tibbetts, R E Ticse Torres, V O Tikhomirov, Yu A Tikhonov, S Timoshenko, P Tipton, S Tisserant, K Todome, T Todorov, S Todorova-Nova, J Tojo, S Tokár, K Tokushuku, E Tolley, L Tomlinson, M Tomoto, L Tompkins, K Toms, B Tong, E Torrence, H Torres, E Torró Pastor, J Toth, F Touchard, D R Tovey, T Trefzger, A Tricoli, I M Trigger, S Trincaz-Duvoid, M F Tripiana, W Trischuk, B Trocmé, A Trofymov, C Troncon, M Trottier-McDonald, M Trovatelli, L Truong, M Trzebinski, A Trzupek, J C-L Tseng, P V Tsiareshka, G Tsipolitis, N Tsirintanis, S Tsiskaridze, V Tsiskaridze, E G Tskhadadze, K M Tsui, I I Tsukerman, V Tsulaia, S Tsuno, D Tsybychev, Y Tu, A Tudorache, V Tudorache, A N Tuna, S A Tupputi, S Turchikhin, D Turecek, D Turgeman, R Turra, A J Turvey, P M Tuts, M Tyndel, G Ucchielli, I Ueda, M Ughetto, F Ukegawa, G Unal, A Undrus, G Unel, F C Ungaro, Y Unno, C Unverdorben, J Urban, P Urquijo, P Urrejola, G Usai, A Usanova, L Vacavant, V Vacek, B Vachon, C Valderanis, E Valdes Santurio, N Valencic, S Valentinetti, A Valero, L Valery, S Valkar, J A Valls Ferrer, W Van Den Wollenberg, P C Van Der Deijl, H van der Graaf, N van Eldik, P van Gemmeren, J Van Nieuwkoop, I van Vulpen, M C van Woerden, M Vanadia, W Vandelli, R Vanguri, A Vaniachine, P Vankov, G Vardanyan, R Vari, E W Varnes, T Varol, D Varouchas, A Vartapetian, K E Varvell, J G Vasquez, F Vazeille, T Vazquez Schroeder, J Veatch, V Veeraraghavan, L M Veloce, F Veloso, S Veneziano, A Ventura, M Venturi, N Venturi, A Venturini, V Vercesi, M Verducci, W Verkerke, J C Vermeulen, A Vest, M C Vetterli, O Viazlo, I Vichou, T Vickey, O E Vickey Boeriu, G H A Viehhauser, S Viel, L Vigani, M Villa, M Villaplana Perez, E Vilucchi, M G Vincter, V B Vinogradov, C Vittori, I Vivarelli, S Vlachos, M Vlasak, M Vogel, P Vokac, G Volpi, M Volpi, H von der Schmitt, E von Toerne, V Vorobel, K Vorobev, M Vos, R Voss, J H Vossebeld, N Vranjes, M Vranjes Milosavljevic, V Vrba, M Vreeswijk, R Vuillermet, I Vukotic, Z Vykydal, P Wagner, W Wagner, H Wahlberg, S Wahrmund, J Wakabayashi, J Walder, R Walker, W Walkowiak, V Wallangen, C Wang, C Wang, F Wang, H Wang, H Wang, J Wang, J Wang, K Wang, R Wang, S M Wang, T Wang, T Wang, W Wang, X Wang, C Wanotayaroj, A Warburton, C P Ward, D R Wardrope, A Washbrook, P M Watkins, A T Watson, M F Watson, G Watts, S Watts, B M Waugh, S Webb, M S Weber, S W Weber, J S Webster, A R Weidberg, B Weinert, J Weingarten, C Weiser, H Weits, P S Wells, T Wenaus, T Wengler, S Wenig, N Wermes, M Werner, M D Werner, P Werner, M Wessels, J Wetter, K Whalen, N L Whallon, A M Wharton, A White, M J White, R White, D Whiteson, F J Wickens, W Wiedenmann, M Wielers, P Wienemann, C Wiglesworth, L A M Wiik-Fuchs, A Wildauer, F Wilk, H G Wilkens, H H Williams, S Williams, C Willis, S Willocq, J A Wilson, I Wingerter-Seez, F Winklmeier, O J Winston, B T Winter, M Wittgen, J Wittkowski, T M H Wolf, M W Wolter, H Wolters, S D Worm, B K Wosiek, J Wotschack, M J Woudstra, K W Wozniak, M Wu, M Wu, S L Wu, X Wu, Y Wu, T R Wyatt, B M Wynne, S Xella, D Xu, L Xu, B Yabsley, S Yacoob, D Yamaguchi, Y Yamaguchi, A Yamamoto, S Yamamoto, T Yamanaka, K Yamauchi, Y Yamazaki, Z Yan, H Yang, H Yang, Y Yang, Z Yang, W-M Yao, Y C Yap, Y Yasu, E Yatsenko, K H Yau Wong, J Ye, S Ye, I Yeletskikh, A L Yen, E Yildirim, K Yorita, R Yoshida, K Yoshihara, C Young, C J S Young, S Youssef, D R Yu, J Yu, J M Yu, J Yu, L Yuan, S P Y Yuen, I Yusuff, B Zabinski, R Zaidan, A M Zaitsev, N Zakharchuk, J Zalieckas, A Zaman, S Zambito, L Zanello, D Zanzi, C Zeitnitz, M Zeman, A Zemla, J C Zeng, Q Zeng, K Zengel, O Zenin, T Ženiš, D Zerwas, D Zhang, F Zhang, G Zhang, H Zhang, J Zhang, L Zhang, R Zhang, R Zhang, X Zhang, Z Zhang, X Zhao, Y Zhao, Z Zhao, A Zhemchugov, J Zhong, B Zhou, C Zhou, L Zhou, L Zhou, M Zhou, N Zhou, C G Zhu, H Zhu, J Zhu, Y Zhu, X Zhuang, K Zhukov, A Zibell, D Zieminska, N I Zimine, C Zimmermann, S Zimmermann, Z Zinonos, M Zinser, M Ziolkowski, L Živković, G Zobernig, A Zoccoli, M Zur Nedden, L Zwalinski
This Letter presents a measurement of the inelastic proton-proton cross section using 60  μb^{-1} of pp collisions at a center-of-mass energy sqrt[s] of 13 TeV with the ATLAS detector at the LHC. Inelastic interactions are selected using rings of plastic scintillators in the forward region (2.07<|η|<3.86) of the detector. A cross section of 68.1±1.4  mb is measured in the fiducial region ξ=M_{X}^{2}/s>10^{-6}, where M_{X} is the larger invariant mass of the two hadronic systems separated by the largest rapidity gap in the event...
October 28, 2016: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830105/determination-of-levetiracetam-in-human-plasma-by-dispersive-liquid-liquid-microextraction-followed-by-gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry
#13
Greyce Kelly Steinhorst Alcantara, Leandro Augusto Calixto, Luiz Alberto Beraldo de Moraes, Regina Helena Costa Queiroz, Anderson Rodrigo Moraes de Oliveira, Cristiane Masetto de Gaitani
Levetiracetam (LEV) is an antiepileptic drug that is clinically effective in generalized and partial epilepsy syndromes. The use of this drug has been increasing in clinical practice and intra- or -interindividual variability has been exhibited for special population. For this reason, bioanalytical methods are required for drug monitoring in biological matrices. So this work presents a dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction method followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (DLLME-GC-MS) for LEV quantification in human plasma...
2016: Journal of Analytical Methods in Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823890/new-amphiphilic-neamine-conjugates-bearing-a-metal-binding-motif-active-against-mdr-e-%C3%A2-aerogenes-gram-negative-bacteria
#14
Anas Allam, Laure Maigre, Rodolphe Alves de Sousa, Estelle Dumont, Julia Vergalli, Jean-Marie Pagès, Isabelle Artaud
Structure of bacterial envelope is one of the major factors contributing to Gram negative bacterial resistance. To develop new agents that target the bacterial membranes, we synthesized, by analogy with our previous peptide conjugates, new amphiphilic 3',4',6-trinaphthylmethylene neamines functionalized at position 5 through a short spacer by a chelating group, tris(2-pyridylmethyl)amine (TPA) and di-(picolyl)amine (DPA) and tetraazacyclotetradecane (Cyclam). ESI(+) mass spectrometry analyses showed that neither Zn(II)(NeaDPA) nor Cu(II)(NeaCyclam) were stable in the Mueller Hinton (MH) medium used for antibacterial assays...
October 25, 2016: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822554/farnesoid-x-receptor-signaling-shapes-the-gut-microbiota-and-controls-hepatic-lipid-metabolism
#15
Limin Zhang, Cen Xie, Robert G Nichols, Siu H J Chan, Changtao Jiang, Ruixin Hao, Philip B Smith, Jingwei Cai, Margaret N Simons, Emmanuel Hatzakis, Costas D Maranas, Frank J Gonzalez, Andrew D Patterson
The gut microbiota modulates obesity and associated metabolic phenotypes in part through intestinal farnesoid X receptor (FXR) signaling. Glycine-β-muricholic acid (Gly-MCA), an intestinal FXR antagonist, has been reported to prevent or reverse high-fat diet (HFD)-induced and genetic obesity, insulin resistance, and fatty liver; however, the mechanism by which these phenotypes are improved is not fully understood. The current study investigated the influence of FXR activity on the gut microbiota community structure and function and its impact on hepatic lipid metabolism...
September 2016: MSystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821072/de-novo-assembly-and-analysis-of-changes-in-the-protein-coding-transcriptome-of-the-freshwater-shrimp-paratya-australiensis-decapoda-atyidae-in-response-to-acid-sulfate-drainage-water
#16
Peter A Bain, Adrienne L Gregg, Anupama Kumar
BACKGROUND: The atyid shrimp Paratya australiensis occurs in surface freshwater habitats throughout eastern Australia and has been used to study the ecotoxicology of contaminants such as pesticides and metals. The acidification of surface water that can occur after acid sulfate material in soils and sediments is oxidised and subsequently re-wetted is a serious environmental issue in coastal regions and inland riverine floodplains worldwide. Solubilisation of soil-associated minerals can result in high waterborne concentrations of mineral salts and dissolved metals, which together with low pH represent a potential threat to aquatic ecosystems in affected regions...
November 7, 2016: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819174/poor-early-growth-and-high-salt-intake-in-indian-infants
#17
Simonetta Genovesi, Laura Antolini, Antonina Orlando, Sujit Brahmochary, Alessandra De Servi, Silvia Capelli, Marco Giussani, Elisa Nava, Carlo Agostoni, Maurizio Gallieni
The influence of feeding patterns on the growth of infants and how salt is included in the diet are unknown in the area of West Bengal, India. A cross-sectional study was carried on 517 infants (median age 6.5 months). Negative Z-scores were observed for all anthropometric parameters. About 72.7% of infants aged 0-6 months received exclusive breastfeeding. In the 6-12-month-old group (n = 235), 91.5% had salt added to foods. In a regression model adjusted for age, a low salt diet resulted a significant factor in increasing weight-for-length and BMI for age z-scores, with increments equal to 0...
November 6, 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818259/transintestinal-cholesterol-transport-is-active-in-mice-and-humans-and-controls-ezetimibe-induced-fecal-neutral-sterol-excretion
#18
Lily Jakulj, Theo H van Dijk, Jan Freark de Boer, Ruud S Kootte, Marleen Schonewille, Yared Paalvast, Theo Boer, Vincent W Bloks, Renze Boverhof, Max Nieuwdorp, Ulrich H W Beuers, Erik S G Stroes, Albert K Groen
Except for conversion to bile salts, there is no major cholesterol degradation pathway in mammals. Efficient excretion from the body is therefore a crucial element in cholesterol homeostasis. Yet, the existence and importance of cholesterol degradation pathways in humans is a matter of debate. We quantified cholesterol fluxes in 15 male volunteers using a cholesterol balance approach. Ten participants repeated the protocol after 4 weeks of treatment with ezetimibe, an inhibitor of intestinal and biliary cholesterol absorption...
November 2, 2016: Cell Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815007/agroindustrial-compost-as-a-peat-alternative-in-the-horticultural-industry-of-ecuador
#19
Irene Gavilanes-Terán, Janneth Jara-Samaniego, Julio Idrovo-Novillo, Ma Angeles Bustamante, Ma Dolores Pérez-Murcia, Aurelia Pérez-Espinosa, Marga López, Concepción Paredes
This work was conducted in order to investigate the possibility of using different agroindustrial composts in the production of horticultural seedlings, thereby replacing part of the peat in the growing media. Three vegetable species differing in salt sensitivity - tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L. var. Malpica) (the least sensitive), courgette (Cucurbita pepo L. var. Mastil F1) (moderately sensitive) and pepper (Capsicum annuum L. var. Largo de Reus Pairal) (the most sensitive) - were grown in nine media containing three composts, prepared by co-composting vegetable waste (flower, broccoli or tomato waste) with laying hen manure and sawdust, as well as peat in various ratios...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812803/ammonium-removal-from-high-salinity-oilfield-produced-water-assessing-the-microbial-community-dynamics-at-increasing-salt-concentrations
#20
Larissa Quartaroli, Lívia C Fidélis Silva, Claudio Mudadu Silva, Helena Santiago Lima, Sergio Oliveira de Paula, Valéria Maia de Oliveira, Marliane de Cássia S da Silva, Maria Catarina M Kasuya, Maíra Paula de Sousa, Ana Paula R Torres, Rodrigo Suhett Souza, João Paulo Bassin, Cynthia Canêdo da Silva
Water generated during oil exploration is chemically complex and contains high concentrations of ammonium and, in some cases, high salinity. The most common way to remove ammonium from effluent is a biological process, which can be performed by different routes and different groups of microorganisms. However, the presence of salts in the effluents could be an inhibiting factor for biological processes, interfering directly with treatment. This study aimed to evaluate changes in the profile of a microbial community involved in the process of ammonium removal when subjected to a gradual increase of salt (NaCl), in which the complete inhibition of the ammonium removal process occurred at 125 g L(-1) NaCl...
November 4, 2016: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
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