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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780689/relationship-between-health-related-quality-of-life-and-respiratory-health-status-among-coal-based-sponge-iron-plant-workers-in-barjora-india
#1
Mousumi Biswas, Kaushik Chattopadhyay
Background: Many coal-based sponge iron plant workers have poor health-related quality of life in general, and specifically a poor respiratory health status. However, the relationship between their health-related quality of life and respiratory health status is unknown. Aim: This study investigated the relationship between health-related quality of life, measured using the EuroQol-5D (EQ5D), and respiratory health status, measured using the St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ), among coal-based sponge iron plant workers in Barjora, India...
2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773969/cost-effectiveness-of-umeclidinium-compared-with-tiotropium-and-glycopyrronium-as-monotherapy-for-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-uk-perspective
#2
Dhvani Shah, Maurice Driessen, Nancy Risebrough, Timothy Baker, Ian Naya, Andrew Briggs, Afisi S Ismaila
Background: Cost-effectiveness of once-daily umeclidinium bromide (UMEC) was compared with once-daily tiotropium (TIO) and once-daily glycopyrronium (GLY) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) from a UK National Health Service (NHS) perspective. Methods: A linked-equation model was implemented to estimate COPD progression, associated healthcare costs, exacerbations rates, life years (LY) and quality-adjusted LY (QALYs). Statistical risk equations for endpoints and resource use were derived from the ECLIPSE and TORCH studies, respectively...
2018: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation: C/E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773292/health-related-quality-of-life-measurement-in-patients-with-chronic-respiratory-failure
#3
REVIEW
Toru Oga, Wolfram Windisch, Tomohiro Handa, Toyohiro Hirai, Kazuo Chin
The improvement of health-related quality of life (HRQL) is an important goal in managing patients with chronic respiratory failure (CRF) receiving long-term oxygen therapy (LTOT) and/or domiciliary noninvasive ventilation (NIV). Two condition-specific HRQL questionnaires have been developed to specifically assess these patients: the Maugeri Respiratory Failure Questionnaire (MRF) and the Severe Respiratory Insufficiency Questionnaire (SRI). The MRF is more advantageous in its ease of completion; conversely, the SRI measures diversified health impairments more multi-dimensionally and discriminatively with greater balance, especially in patients receiving NIV...
May 2018: Respiratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770542/the-effect-of-health-coaching-on-treatment-adherence-self-efficacy-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#4
Derya Tülüce, Sevinç Kutlutürkan
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the impact of health coaching on respiratory functions, treatment adherence, self-efficacy, and quality of life in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients. METHODS: This study was conducted as an experimental study with non-randomized control group in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease individuals. The study group included a total of 54 chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients (27 patients both health coaching and control groups), was selected between 13 July 2016 and 2 July 2017...
May 16, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765887/validation-of-korean-version-of-the-london-chest-activity-of-daily-living-scale-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#5
Jun Tak Choi, Jeong-Hwan Seo, Myoung-Hwan Ko, Sung-Hee Park, Gi-Wook Kim, Yu Hui Won
Objective: To translate the English version of the London Chest Activity of Daily Living scale (LCADL) into a Korean version and to determine the reliability and validity of the Korean version in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Methods: The English version of LCADL was translated into Korean and back-translated into English. Subsequently, the back-translated version was reviewed and compared with the original, and thus the final K-LCADL was obtained...
April 2018: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750142/single-inhaler-triple-therapy-in-symptomatic-copd-patients-fulfil-subgroup-analyses
#6
David M G Halpin, Ruby Birk, Noushin Brealey, Gerard J Criner, Mark T Dransfield, Emma Hilton, David A Lomas, Chang-Qing Zhu, David A Lipson
Triple inhaled corticosteroid (ICS)/long-acting muscarinic antagonist (LAMA)/long-acting β2 -agonist (LABA) therapy is recommended for symptomatic patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and at risk of exacerbations. However, the benefits versus side-effects of triple inhaled therapy for COPD, based on distinct patient clinical profiles, are unclear. FULFIL, a phase III, randomised, double-blind study, compared 24 weeks of once-daily fluticasone furoate/umeclidinium/vilanterol (FF/UMEC/VI) 100/62...
April 2018: ERJ Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742914/depression-is-a-major-determinant-of-both-disease-specific-and-generic-health-related-quality-of-life-in-people-with-severe-copd
#7
Sun Mi Jang, Ki Uk Kim, Hae Jung Na, Seung Eun Song, Sang Hee Lee, Haejung Lee, Yun Seong Kim, Min Ki Lee, Hye-Kyung Park
The quality of life of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) decreases significantly as the disease progresses; those with severe COPD are affected most. This article investigates predictors of the disease-specific and generic health-related quality of life (HRQL) in patients with severe COPD. This multicentre prospective cross-sectional study enrolled 80 patients with severe COPD. At enrolment, all patients completed a disease-specific instrument, the St George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ), and a generic instrument, the Short Form 36 Health Survey Questionnaire (SF-36)...
January 1, 2018: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737304/therapeutic-effects-of-statins-drugs-use-and-continuous-nursing-on-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-the-influence-of-life-quality
#8
Ju Weina, Liu Yanhua, Wang Jian, Shao Yan
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is able to be treated and delayed. Many interventions include smoking cessation and daily maintenance of drug therapy. In clinical practice, although respiratory physicians have given optimal drug treatment to patients, there is no treatment for etiological factors in these treatments, and they have little effect on the long-term prognosis of COPD. Therefore, this paper puts forward a method of continuing care. Through Meta analysis of the therapeutic effects of statins, it is shown that statins have a positive impact on the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease...
May 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735471/therapeutic-effects-of-statins-drugs-use-and-continuous-nursing-on-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-the-influence-of-life-quality
#9
Ju Weina, Liu Yanhua, Wang Jian, Shao Yan
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is able to be treated and delayed. Many interventions include smoking cessation and daily maintenance of drug therapy. In clinical practice, although respiratory physicians have given optimal drug treatment to patients, there is no treatment for etiological factors in these treatments, and they have little effect on the long-term prognosis of COPD. Therefore, this paper puts forward a method of continuing care. Through Meta analysis of the therapeutic effects of statins, it is shown that statins have a positive impact on the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease...
May 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716705/evaluation-for-airway-obstruction-in-adult-patients-with-stable-ischemic-heart-disease
#10
M Mahendra, Sunil Kumar S, Nagaraj Desai, Jayaraj Bs, Mahesh Pa
BACKGROUND: Ischemic heart disease (IHD) and chronic airway disease (COPD and Asthma) are major epidemics accounting for significant mortality and morbidity. The combination presents many diagnostic challenges. Clinical symptoms and signs frequently overlap. There is a need for airway evaluation in these patients to plan appropriate management. METHODS: Consecutive stable IHD patients attending the cardiology OPD in a tertiary care centre were interviewed for collecting basic demographic information, brief medical, occupational, personal history and risk factors for coronary artery disease and airway disease, modified medical research centre (MMRC) grade for dyspnea, quality of life-St...
March 2018: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713153/long-term-effects-of-oxygen-enriched-high-flow-nasal-cannula-treatment-in-copd-patients-with-chronic-hypoxemic-respiratory-failure
#11
Line Hust Storgaard, Hans-Ulrich Hockey, Birgitte Schantz Laursen, Ulla Møller Weinreich
Background: This study investigated the long-term effects of humidified high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) in COPD patients with chronic hypoxemic respiratory failure treated with long-term oxygen therapy (LTOT). Patients and methods: A total of 200 patients were randomized into usual care ± HFNC. At inclusion, acute exacerbation of COPD (AECOPD) and hospital admissions 1 year before inclusion, modified Medical Research Council (mMRC) score, St George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ), forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1 ), 6-minute walk test (6MWT) and arterial carbon dioxide (PaCO2 ) were recorded...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697285/grading-severity-of-productive-cough-based-on-symptoms-and-airflow-obstruction
#12
Rodrigo Vazquez Guillamet, Hans Petersen, Paula Meek, Akshay Sood, Yohannes Tesfaigzi
The binary approach to the diagnosis of Chronic Bronchitis (CB) is a major barrier to the study of the disease. We investigated whether severity of productive cough can be graded using symptoms and presence of fixed airflow obstruction (FAO), and whether the severity correlates with health status, exposures injurious to the lung, biomarkers of inflammation, and measures of airway wall thickening. Findings from a cross-sectional sample of 1,422 participants from the Lovelace Smokers Cohort (LSC) were validated in 4,488 participants from the COPDGene cohort (COPDGene)...
April 26, 2018: COPD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678900/prevention-of-exacerbations-in-patients-with-stable-non-cystic-fibrosis-bronchiectasis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-pharmacological-and-non-pharmacological-therapies
#13
Abd Moain Abu Dabrh, Adam T Hill, Claudia C Dobler, Noor Asi, Wigdan H Farah, Qusay Haydour, Zhen Wang, Khalid Benkhadra, Larry J Prokop, Mohammad Hassan Murad
BACKGROUND: Several pharmacological and non-pharmacological therapies are used to treat stable bronchiectasis of non-cystic fibrosis (CF) aetiology. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the evidence of the effectiveness of pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment options in patients with stable non-CF bronchiectasis with a focus on reducing exacerbations. STUDY SELECTION: Multiple databases were searched through September 2017...
April 20, 2018: BMJ evidence-based medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676537/recovery-of-pulmonary-functions-exercise-capacity-and-quality-of-life-after-pulmonary-rehabilitation-in-survivors-of-ards-due-to-severe-influenza-a-h1n1-pneumonitis
#14
Meng-Jer Hsieh, Wei-Juen Lee, Hsiu-Ying Cho, Meng-Fang Wu, Han-Chung Hu, Kuo-Chin Kao, Ning-Hung Chen, Ying-Huang Tsai, Chung-Chi Huang
BACKGROUND: Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) due to severe influenza A H1N1 pneumonitis would result in impaired pulmonary functions and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) after hospital discharge. OBJECTIVES: The recovery of pulmonary functions, exercise capacity and HRQoL in the survivors of ARDS due to 2009 pandemic influenza A H1N1 pneumonitis (H1N1-ARDS) were evaluated in a tertiary teaching hospital in the northern Taiwan between May 2010 and June 2011...
April 20, 2018: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652761/effect-of-inspiratory-muscle-training-in-the-management-of-patients-with-asthma-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Neslihan Duruturk, Manolya Acar, Mustafa Ilgaz Doğrul
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) on respiratory muscle strength, exercise capacity, dyspnea, fatigue, quality of life, and daily living activities of asthmatic patients. METHODS: Thirty-eight asthmatic patients, between 18 and 65 years of age, were enrolled in the study and randomly divided into 2 groups; IMT (n = 20) or control (n = 18). Participants in the IMT group performed 30 breaths using a patient-specific threshold pressure device, twice daily for 6 wk at 50% maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP), in addition to "breathing training" during this period...
May 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652760/influence-of-disease-severity-and-exercise-limitation-on-exercise-training-intensity-and-load-and-health-benefits-from-pulmonary-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-copd-an-exploratory-study
#16
Virginia C Huynh, Desi P Fuhr, Bradley W Byers, Anne-Marie Selzler, Linn E Moore, Michael K Stickland
PURPOSE: Some patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) fail to achieve health benefits with pulmonary rehabilitation (PR). Exercise intensity and load represent stimulus for adaptation but it is unclear whether inappropriate exercise intensity and/or load are affected by severity of COPD, which may affect health benefits. The purpose was to determine whether COPD severity and/or the severity of pulmonary limitation to exercise (PLE) impacted exercising intensity or load and whether resultant intensity/load affected health outcomes derived from PR...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629402/the-short-term-impact-of-symptom-defined-copd-exacerbation-recovery-on-health-status-and-lung-function
#17
Lindsey T Murray, Nancy K Leidy
Background: This study examined the short-term effects of symptom-defined exacerbation recovery on health status and pulmonary function in moderate to severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. Methods: Secondary analyses of pooled data from two 12-week Phase II international, randomized controlled trials using the EXA cerbations of C hronic Pulmonary Disease T ool (EXACT) to identify symptom-defined exacerbations were conducted. Recovery was categorized as recovered, unrecovered (persistent worsening), or censored...
January 24, 2018: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases: Journal of the COPD Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625777/tai-chi-and-pulmonary-rehabilitation-compared-for-treatment-naive-patients-with-copd-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Michael I Polkey, Zhi-Hui Qiu, Lian Zhou, Meng-Duo Zhu, Ying-Xin Wu, Yong-Yi Chen, Sheng-Peng Ye, Yu-Shan He, Mei Jiang, Bai-Ting He, Bhavin Mehta, Nan-Shan Zhong, Yuan-Ming Luo
BACKGROUND: In COPD, functional status is improved by pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) but requires specific facilities. Tai Chi, which combines psychological treatment and physical exercise and requires no special equipment, is widely practiced in China and is becoming increasingly popular in the rest of the world. We hypothesized that Tai Chi is equivalent (ie, difference less than ±4 St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire [SGRQ] points) to PR. METHODS: A total of 120 patients (mean FEV1 , 1...
March 28, 2018: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609004/emerging-biological-therapies-for-treating-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-pairwise-and-network-meta-analysis
#19
Paola Rogliani, Maria Gabriella Matera, Ermanno Puxeddu, Marco Mantero, Francesco Blasi, Mario Cazzola, Luigino Calzetta
Inflammation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is often corticosteroid resistant and, thus, alternative anti-inflammatory approaches are needed. Since it is still not clear whether blocking specific pro-inflammatory factors may provide clinical benefit in COPD, we have performed a meta-analysis to quantify the impact of monoclonal antibodies (mABs) targeting the cytokine/chemokine-mediated inflammation in COPD. A pairwise and network meta-analyses were performed by extracting data from randomized clicnial trials on COPD concerning the impact of mABs vs...
March 30, 2018: Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575410/performance-of-the-st-george-s-respiratory-questionnaire-in-patients-with-connective-tissue-disease-associated-interstitial-lung-disease
#20
Atsushi Suzuki, Yasuhiro Kondoh, Jeffrey J Swigris, Masahiko Ando, Tomoki Kimura, Kensuke Kataoka, Yasuhiko Yamano, Taiki Furukawa, Mari Numata, Koji Sakamoto, Yoshinori Hasegawa
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The St George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) is a self-administered questionnaire used to assess health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in various chronic respiratory diseases. Few studies have assessed the performance of the SGRQ in patients with connective tissue disease-associated interstitial lung disease (CTD-ILD). We aimed to examine the SGRQ's performance characteristics and generate data to support its reliability and validity in patients with CTD-ILD...
March 25, 2018: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
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