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endometrial polyp

Cunxian Zhang, Edmond Y Wang, Fang Liu, C James Sung, M Ruhul Quddus, Joyce Ou, Michele Lomme, W Dwayne Lawrence
There is a wide range of finding endometrial adenocarcinoma (ADCA) in the uterus following a diagnosis of complex atypical hyperplasia (CAH), likely due to a poor diagnostic reproducibility and an inherent heterogeneity in CAH. We evaluated whether histologic subtyping of CAH would help predict ADCA. Our study consisted of 222 cases of CAH diagnosed by endometrial biopsy or curettage. ADCA was seen in 38.3% of these cases at hysterectomy. We divided CAH into two subtypes: type A was defined as back-to-back glands in a focus smaller than 2...
March 17, 2018: Human Pathology
Vander Borght Mélodie, Wyns Christine
Infertility is a disease characterized by the failure to establish a clinical pregnancy after 12 months of regular and unprotected sexual intercourse. It is estimated to affect between 8 and 12% of reproductive-aged couples worldwide. Males are found to be solely responsible for 20-30% of infertility cases but contribute to 50% of cases overall. Secondary infertility is the most common form of female infertility around the globe, often due to reproductive tract infections. The three major factors influencing the spontaneous probability of conception are the time of unwanted non-conception, the age of the female partner and the disease-related infertility...
March 16, 2018: Clinical Biochemistry
Brittany van Staalduinen, Andrew Stahler, Catherine Abied, Rita Shats, Nisha A Lakhi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 16, 2018: Minerva Ginecologica
Cristina Remondi, Francesco Sesti, Giuseppe Sorrenti, Giovannella Venezia, Roberto Sorge, Adalgisa Pietropolli, Beatrice Silvi, Emilio Piccione
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare 22 Fr unipolar resectoscope with the traditional 26 Fr unipolar resectoscope in endometrial polypectomy performed under paracervical block anesthesia. METHODS: The trial took place in Gynecologic Unit, Department of Surgery, Tor Vergata University Hospital, Rome. Inclusion criteria were: diagnosis of endometrial polyps <3 cm at office hysteroscopy; agreement of patients to perform surgery under paracervical block anesthesia but not in office setting...
March 15, 2018: Minimally Invasive Therapy & Allied Technologies: MITAT
A Tardieu, F Sire, T Gauthier
OBJECTIVE: To provide clinical practice guidelines from the French college of obstetrics and gynecology (CNGOF) with the Haute Autorité de santé (HAS), based on the best evidence available, concerning the diagnosis accuracy of endoscopy (laparoscopy, hysteroscopy, fertiloscopy, cystoscopy, colonoscopy) in case of endometriosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: English and French review of literature about the diagnosis accuracy of endoscopy in case of endometriosis. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Laparoscopy is useful in case of suspected endometriosis in patients with symptoms or infertility when appropriate preoperative assessment is negative (grade C)...
March 9, 2018: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
Fang Gu, Huanxiao Zhang, Simin Ruan, Jiamin Li, Xinyan Liu, Yanwen Xu, Canquan Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To compare the incidence of recurrence between a cohort with a high number (≥6) of endometrial polyps (EPs) and a single-EP cohort among reproductive-age patients after polypectomy. DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort study. SETTING: Single university center. PATIENT(S): Premenopausal women who underwent hysteroscopic endometrial polypectomy were recruited. INTERVENTION(S): Patients underwent a transvaginal ultrasound scan every 3 months after polypectomy to detect EP recurrence...
March 7, 2018: Fertility and Sterility
Jin-Sung Yuk, Ji-Yeon Shin, Hye-Sung Moon, Jung Hun Lee
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the incidence of unexpected uterine malignancy (UUM) diagnosed after hysteroscopic surgery for presumed submucosal leiomyomas or endometrial polyps. STUDY DESIGN: From the Korean national health insurance database between January 1, 2009 and December 31, 2015, we analyzed inpatient sample data that were extracted by a stratified random sampling (gender and age) method. We extracted women with or without UUM that was diagnosed after hysteroscopic surgery using diagnosis codes and procedure codes...
March 3, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Katerina Chatzimeletiou, Nikiforos Galanis, Alexandros Karagiannidis, Antonia Sioga, George Pados, Dimitrios Goulis, Antonis Kalpatsanidis, Basil C Tarlatzis
Ankylosing spondylitis affects 0.1%-0.5% of the adult population. The aim was to investigate the possible effects of both the disease and its treatment on semen quality by performing a highly detailed analysis in a man with ankylosing spondylitis, presenting for infertility. Sperm characteristics were evaluated by light microscopy, morphology by electron microscopy (transmission electron microscopy), DNA fragmentation by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling using fluorescence microscopy and chromosomal abnormalities by fluorescence in situ hybridisation using probes for chromosomes 13,15,16,18,21,22,X and Y...
2018: SAGE open medical case reports
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVES: Abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) is caused by derangement of physiological processes of tissue growth, shedding and regeneration. It is known that interplay between metalloproteinases (MMP's) and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMP's) may play a crucial role in its occurrence. AIM: To define if expression of proMMP-2, MMP-2 and TIMP-1 in endometrium of women with AUB is dependent on steroid sex hormone concentration and histopathological picture...
February 5, 2018: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
Andrzej Woźniak, Sławomir Woźniak
Uterine leiomyomas or uterine fibroids are the most common gynaecological tumours and occur in about 20-50% of women around the world. Ultrasonography (USG) is the first-line imaging examination in suspected fibroids and shows high sensitivity and specificity in diagnosing this condition. Ultrasound scans can be performed transvaginally (transvaginal scan - TVS) or transabdominally (transabdominal scan - TAS); both scans have advantages and limitations, but, in general, transvaginal sonography is superior to transabdominal sonography in most cases of pelvic pathology...
December 2017: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
Lizandra M Paravidine Sasaki, Keitty R C Andrade, Ana Claudia Morais Godoy Figueiredo, Miriam da S Wanderley, Maurício G Pereira
The objective of our study was to estimate the frequency of pre-malignant and malignant lesions in endometrial polyps and to evaluate associated clinical and demographic factors. A literature search was performed in major databases and the gray literature using the terms polyps OR endometrial polyp AND endometrial neoplasms OR endometrial cancer OR endometrial hyperplasia OR malignan*. Studies describing the frequency of pre-malignant and malignant lesions in endometrial polyps and any clinical or demographic factors associated with malignant lesions extracted using hysteroscopy were considered eligible...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Colin J R Stewart, Susan Bigby, Tino Giardina, Fabienne Grieu-Iacopetta, Benhur Amanuel
Papillary proliferations of the endometrium (PPEs) are uncommon lesions that are often associated with endometrial polyps. PPEs occasionally precede or co-exist with atypical endometrial hyperplasia or adenocarcinoma, but their pathogenesis and relationship to endometrial neoplasia is uncertain. In the present study 11 PPEs, including eight benign papillary proliferations (BPPs) and three complex papillary hyperplasias (CPHs) were examined immunohistochemically for expression of PAX2, BAF250a, p16, β-catenin and DNA mismatch repair (MMR) proteins...
February 12, 2018: Pathology
James K Chambers, Takanori Shiga, Haruka Takimoto, Atsushi Dohata, Yasutsugu Miwa, Hiroyuki Nakayama, Kazuyuki Uchida
Uteri from 50 four-toed hedgehogs ( Atelerix albiventris) with clinical signs of uterine disease were histopathologically examined. Sixteen animals (32%) were diagnosed with endometrial hyperplasia, 7 animals (14%) were diagnosed with endometrial polyp, and 27 animals (54%) were diagnosed with endometrial neoplasia. The mean ages of the animals with endometrial hyperplasia, polyp, and neoplasia were 28.7 months, 29.4 months, and 25.2 months, respectively. The neoplasms were classified into 7 endometrial mixed tumors, 12 endometrial stromal nodules, and 8 endometrial stromal sarcomas...
January 1, 2018: Veterinary Pathology
Philip Pun-Ching Ip
Benign proliferations that mimic malignancies are commonly encountered during the course of assessment of small and fragmented endometrial samples. Although benign, endometrial epithelial metaplasias often coexist with premalignant or malignant lesions causing diagnostic confusion. The difficulty with mucinous metaplasia lies in its distinction from atypical mucinous glandular proliferations and mucinous carcinomas, which are associated with significant interobserver variability. Papillary proliferation of the endometrium is commonly associated with hormonal drugs and endometrial polyps and is characterised by papillae with fibrovascular cores covered by epithelial cells without cytologic atypia...
February 14, 2018: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
Chensi Ouyang, Marina Frimer, Laura Y Hou, Yanhua Wang, Gary L Goldberg, June Y Hou
OBJECTIVES: Uterine serous carcinoma (USC) involving an endometrial polyp and concurrent extrauterine disease is associated with poor prognosis. We examined the clinicopathological profiles of patients with stage 1A USC with and without polyp involvement and the role of polyp size and lymphovascular invasion (LVI) as prognostic indicators for extrauterine disease in patients with early USC. METHODS/MATERIALS: From 2002 to 2014, 242 patients with pure USC were identified...
March 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Paulette Mhawech-Fauceglia, Damanzoopinder Samroa
Adenomatoid tumors (AT) arising in the female genital tract are usually incidental findings occurring most often in the fallopian tube and uterine serosa and rarely in the myometrium. In the myometrium, they appear grossly as deep seated, small, firm, ill circumscribed nodules mimicking leiomyoma. Histologically they show a glandular and invasive pattern making well-differentiated/low-grade endometrioid adenocarcinoma a major differential diagnosis. However, this differential is rarely encountered in practice because myometrial AT is usually seen on the hysterectomy specimen, because of their anatomic position in the deep myometrium, and only rarely in endometrial curettings...
February 5, 2018: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
Murat Api, Ayşen Boza, Mehmet Ceyhan
Objective: To evaluate the eligibility of female-to-male (FtM) transgender people as donor candidates with regard to histologic, surgical, and social aspects. Materials and Methods: In this prospective cohort study, 31 FtM transgender people underwent standard hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy for gender reassignment upon their request. The pelvic viscera of the transgender people was intraoperatively observed and the histology of the removed uteri were evaluated for fertility capacity and procurement surgery...
December 2017: Turkish journal of obstetrics and gynecology
Meagan S Cramer, Jordan S Klebanoff, Matthew K Hoffman
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine if pain, as part of an indication for global endometrial ablation, is an independent risk factor for failure. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. DESIGN CLASSIFICATION: Canadian Task Force classification II-2 SETTING: Academic-affiliated community hospital PATIENTS: Women undergoing global endometrial ablation (Radiofrequency Ablation (RFA), Hydrothermablation (HTA), or Uterine Balloon Ablation (UBA)) from January 2003 to December 2015...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Mariano Tamura Vieira Gomes, Andréa Maria Novaes Machado, Sérgio Podgaec, Gustavo Anderman Silva Barison
OBJECTIVE: This article presents the first series of robotic single-port hysterectomy cases performed at a hospital in Brazil. METHODS: From November 2014 to October 2016, 11 patients were indicated to undergo, and nine of them were submitted to single-port hysterectomy using da Vinci Single-Site® platform. However, in two patients, due to multiple previous abdominal surgeries, large uterine volume, and/or a uterus with no mobility, a pneumoperitoneum was performed with a Verres needle, and the pelvic cavity was assessed using a 5mm optics endoscope...
October 2017: Einstein
Kohei Nakamura, Kentaro Nakayama, Kaori Sanuki, Toshiko Minamoto, Tomoka Ishibashi, Emi Sato, Hitomi Yamashita, Masako Ishikawa, Satoru Kyo
This study aimed to describe the long-term outcomes of patients with menorrhagia treated with microwave endometrial ablation (frequency, 2.45 GHz), as well as to identify factors associated with recurrence or re-surgery. This retrospective cohort study was conducted from 2007 to 2015 at Shimane University Hospital in Japan. Patients with severe menorrhagia and a desire to preserve their uterus were included in the study. Clinical factors associated with recurrence of menorrhagia or re-surgery were analyzed with a multivariable logistic regression model...
December 2017: Oncology Letters
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