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M S Khudaibergenova
BACKGROUND: The problem of antimicrobial resistance has become topical and alarming all over the world, including Kazakhstan. Nosocomial strains of microorganisms are widespread, being resistant to the majority of available antimicrobials. This results in longer periods of hospital stay, increases in financial expenditures, and sometimes, in lethal outcomes. The social importance of antimicrobial resistance is preconditioned by the spread of resilient strains of microorganism beyond the hospital environment, which leads to lower effectiveness of antibiotic therapy against infectious diseases and growth in their incidence [1, 2]...
2015: International Journal of Risk & Safety in Medicine
Ignacio Ruíz del Olmo, Beatriz Romera, Carmelo Guerrero, Pedro Burgués, Matilde Bustillo
Non-tuberculous mycobacterial adenitis is getting more common in our environment. Epidemiologic studies and clinical trials published nowadays are limited. We present a 2-years-old boy diagnosed of Mycobacterium intracellulare adenitis and severe neutropenia as side effect of combined treatment with oral azythromycin and rifabutin, which recovers after suspending the second one. Liver metabolism of macrolide seems to increase other drugs toxicity, in this case, rifabutin. The patient eventually needed surgery due to persistence of the adenitis despite treatment with antibiotics...
October 2015: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
Simon Kayemba-Kay's, Tamas Kovács, Iarolalao Rakotoharinandrasana, Sidi Mohamed Benosman
We present a 12-year-old immunocompetent girl with hepato splenic cat-scratch disease (CSD). Her sole inaugural complaint was isolated epigastric pain. She fully recovered, with normalized abdominal CT scan following 2 weeks course of Azythromycin®. CSD should be included in differential diagnosis in children with epigastric pain, especially in those with domestic pets.
July 2015: Clinical Case Reports
Blaise Noa Noatina, Giles Kagmeni, Yaya Souleymanou, Henri Claude Moungui, Ann Tarini Hien, Julie Akame, Yaobi Zhang, Assumpta Lucienne Françoise Bella
BACKGROUND: To estimate the prevalence of trachoma in the North Region of Cameroon in order to facilitate the planning of trachoma control activities in this region, a survey was carried out in 2011 and 2012 in 15 health districts (HDs). METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional, two-stage cluster random sampling survey was carried out. The survey focused on two target populations: children aged 1 to 9 years for the prevalence of Trachomatous Inflammation-Follicular (TF) and those aged 15 and over for the prevalence of Trachomatous Trichiasis (TT)...
June 2014: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Carlos G Teran, Ariel O Antezana, Jerome Salvani, Deborah Abaitey
Endocarditis is a rare presentation of group B streptococcal infection. Its association with pulmonary septic embolism was only barely studied and limited data is available up to date. Multiple septic emboli is a common complication of bacterial endocarditis, but only a few cases have been documented in relation to group B streptococcus. We present the case of an 87 year old female patient with multiple underlying conditions that predisposed the development of bacterial endocarditis secondary to group B streptococcus and subsequently multiple pulmonary septic emboli...
March 29, 2011: Clinics and Practice
J E Botero, F L Yepes, S P Ochoa, J P Hincapie, N Roldan, C A Ospina, C A Castrillon, M A Becerra
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Periodontitis may alter the systemic condition in patients with diabetes and hence interfere with glycemic control. The objective of this study was to determine the quantifiable changes in glycated hemoglobin (HbA1C) after periodontal non-surgical therapy plus azithromycin in a mixed population of patients with poorly controlled diabetes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and five patients were randomized to receive non-surgical therapy plus azythromycin (AZ-Sca =33), non-surgical therapy plus placebo (PB-Sca = 37) and supragingival prophylaxis plus azithromycin (AZ-Pro = 35)...
December 2013: Journal of Periodontal Research
Marco Zeppieri, Maria Letizia Salvetat, Antonio Paolo Beltrami, Daniela Cesselli, Natascha Bergamin, Rossella Russo, Federica Cavaliere, Giuseppe Pasquale Varano, Ignacio Alcalde, Jesús Merayo, Paolo Brusini, Carlo Alberto Beltrami, Pier Camillo Parodi
PURPOSE: Adipose-derived stem cells (ADSC) are multipotent, safe, non-immunogenic and can differentiate into functional keratocytes in situ. The topical use of ADSC derived from human processed lipoaspirate was investigated for treating injured rat cornea. METHODS: A total of 19 rats were used. Six animals initially underwent corneal lesion experiments with 0.5 N NaOH (right eye) and 0.2 N (left). The 0.2 NaOH protocol was then used in 13 rats. All 26 eyes of 13 rats eyes received topical azythromycin bid for 3 d and divided into five treatment groups (n = 5 eyes/group), which included: control, stem cells, serum, stem + serum and adipose (raw human lipoaspirate)...
April 2013: Current Eye Research
Christian Leli, Antonella Mencacci, Jessica Concetta Bombaci, Francesco D'Alò, Senia Farinelli, Mariolina Vitali, Paolo Montagna, Cristiana Bietolini, Marta Meucci, Stefano Perito, Francesco Bistoni
Ureaplasma urealyticum and Mycoplasma hominis are associated with non-gonococcal urethritis, increased risk of recurrent miscarriage, infertility and pelvic inflammatory disease. Migration flows from other countries change the local epidemiological profile of infectious diseases of patients treated by general practitioners and hospital doctors. Few studies have evaluated this ever-changing issue in the Italian population. The aim of this study was to assess possible differences in prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility of U...
June 2012: Le Infezioni in Medicina
Nicole H T M Dukers-Muijrers, Servaas A Morré, Arjen Speksnijder, Marianne A B van der Sande, Christian J P A Hoebe
Current test-of-cure practice in patients with Chlamydia trachomatis (Ct) infection is to confirm cure with a single test taken at least 3 weeks after treatment. Effectiveness of single-time-point testing however lacks a scientific evidence basis and the high sensitivity of laboratory assays nowadays in use for this purpose may compromise the clinical significance of their results. Prospectively following 59 treated Ct infections, administering care as usual, the presence of Ct plasmid DNA and rRNA was systematically assessed by multiple time-sequential measurements, i...
2012: PloS One
E S Chernomortseva, M V Pokrovskiĭ, L V Titareva, T G Pokrovskaia, V V Gureev
Experiments on laboratory animals with nitric oxide deficiency modeled by the introduction of L-NAME (NO-synthase inhibitor) revealed the endothelio- and cardioprotective effects of clarithromycin, josamycin, roxithromycin, midecamycin and azythromycin. The administration of these macrolides leads to a decrease in the resulting area of the diagram of functional indices of the state of vessels and myocardium, which is approaching the corresponding area for intact animals.
September 2010: Eksperimental'naia i Klinicheskaia Farmakologiia
Eyal Meltzer, Eli Schwartz
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Enteric fever continues to be an important infection among populations in endemic countries and among travelers to these areas. This review aims to describe recent epidemiological trends and developments in diagnosis, treatment and prevention. RECENT FINDINGS: Data indicate that the burden of enteric fever is declining in many middle-income countries, whereas the bulk of cases occur in the Indian subcontinent and in south-east Asia. In these regions, Salmonella Paratyphi A is increasingly seen and sometimes surpasses Salmonella Typhi as the main pathogen...
October 2010: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases
A-V Doncker, K Balabanian, C Bellanné-Chantelot, S de Guibert, M Revest, F Bachelerie, T Lamy
Disseminated Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) infection is a rare but severe disease mostly seen in patients with AIDS. It has been previously described in patients suffering from other kinds of immunodeficiency (e.g. primary immunodeficiency diseases in children or hairy cell leukaemia). We report two cases of disseminated MAC disease in young women with extended granulomatosis that revealed a new form of severe immunodeficiency syndrome. Both clinical observations initially appeared to be very similar to WHIM syndrome (Warts, Hypogammaglobulinemia, Infection, Myelokathexis), a rare immunodeficiency disease correlated with CXC chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) mutation leading to an impaired internalization of the receptor upon its ligand CXCL12...
February 2011: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
Akira Tokuda, Noriyuki Ohkura, Masaki Fujimura, Shiho Furusho, Miki Abo, Nobuyuki Katayama
BACKGROUND: Macrolides are antibiotics that have anti-inflammatory activities. Hence, they are used for both acute and chronic inflammatory airway diseases. However, the effects of these agents on allergic airway disorders presenting with an isolated chronic cough, such as non-asthmatic eosinophilic bronchitis and eosinophilic tracheobronchitis with cough hypersensitivity (atopic cough), still remain to be elucidated. OBJECTIVE: To determine if macrolides are effective in the management of chronic cough caused by eosinophilic airway inflammation...
February 2010: Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Raimunda Nonata Ribeiro Sampaio, Iris Campos Lucas, Arnoldo Velloso da Costa Filho
BACKGROUND: The first choice treatment for cutaneous Leishmaniasis is N-methyl glucamine: it has high toxicity, requires parenteral administration and cure is not always reached. Azythromycin showed in vitro action and controversial results in humans with the disease. OBJECTIVE: To verify if the association of N-methyl-glucamine - azythromycin is more effective than N-methyl-glucamine alone for the treatment of experimental Leishmaniasis. METHODS: Twenty-five C57BL/6 mice were inoculated with L...
March 2009: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
Roger E Alexander, David M Grogan
Erythromycins have been part of our armamentarium against selected bacterial infections since they were discovered in 1952 and approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 1964. In 1991, two newer, long-acting erythromycin analogues, azythromycin (brand name: Zithromax) and clarithromycin (brand name: Biaxin) were approved by the FDA. They were joined a few years later by a third long-acting form, dirithromycin (brand name: Dynabac).
April 2009: Texas Dental Journal
E S Chernomortseva, M V Pokrovskiĭ, T G Pokrovskaia, E B Artiushkova, V V Gureev
The cardioprotective and endothelioprotective effects of the macrolide antibiotics roxithromycin, azythromycin, and midecamycin have been studied on laboratory animals with models of the coronaro-occlusional myocardial infarction and endothelial dysfunction. The drugs led to a dose-dependent decrease in lethality, reduced the zone of necrosis of the left ventricle after coronary occlusion, and produced a positive effect on the functioning of endothelium.
March 2009: Eksperimental'naia i Klinicheskaia Farmakologiia
D F Florescu, P J Murphy, A C Kalil
Azithromycin has been studied as potential therapeutic anti-inflammatory agent for cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. Azithromycin (AZM) has been used as an immunomodulating agent, based on few small studies. Considering the cost and potential side effects of long-term azithromycin therapy, it is important to identify the group of patients that would benefit the most. Weighted mean difference was used for pulmonary function tests, and risk ratios for all other variables. The random-effects model was applied for all reports...
December 2009: Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Karina Jahnz-Rózyk, Tomasz Targowski
Community acquired pneumonia (CAP) is the sixth leading cause of death. Atypical pneumonia caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Chlamydophila pneumoniae and Legionella pneumophila accounts for up to 40% of all cases of CAP. Atypical pneumonia due to Mycoplasma and Chlamydophila usually cause milder forms of pneumonia and are characterized by a more drawn out course of symptoms unlike other forms of pneumonia which can come on more quickly with more severe early symptoms. Mycoplasma pneumonia often affects younger people and may be associated with symptoms outside of the lungs (such as anemia and rashes), and neurological syndromes (such as meningitis, myelitis, and encephalitis)...
November 2008: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Paweł Sacha, Piotr Wieczorek, Piotr Jakoniuk
A total of 73 isolates of Staphylococcus aureus (26 - MRSA, 47 - MSSA) were tested for their susceptibility to macrolide antibiotics and new derivatives (azalide - azythromycin and ketolide -telithromycin). We observed a high - level resistance of MRSA isolates to all tested antibiotics. Over 96% of isolates were resistant to macrolides and azalides and 92,3% to ketolides. Majority of MSSA isolates (93.6%) demonstrated a high-level susceptibility to telithromycin. Mechanisms of resistance to macrolide antibiotics (34 - MLSB and 1 - MSB) were found among 47,9% Staphylococcus aureus isolates...
2008: Przegla̧d Lekarski
F López-Fabal, E Culebras, I Bonilla, M Gómez, J J Picazo
Introduction. As the number of multidrug-resistant strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa has risen in the intensive care unit (ICU) of the San Carlos Clinic Hospital, 12 consecutive isolates from different patients were collected to determine the possibility of an epidemic outbreak caused by the spread of a single strain. We determined the antimicrobial susceptibility to the most common agents used in the treatment of infections caused by this bacteria. The results of susceptibility studies suggest that different strains of P...
September 2008: Revista Española de Quimioterapia: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Quimioterapia
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