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transvaginal ultrasonography

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842988/ultrasonographic-observations-of-the-fetal-brain-in-the-first-100-pregnant-women-with-zika-virus-infection-in-trinidad-and-tobago
#1
Karen Sohan, Cathy Ann Cyrus
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the fetal brain in pregnant women infected with Zika virus in a limited-resource setting. METHODS: In an observational study in Trinidad and Tobago, 100 pregnant women infected with Zika virus who were referred for fetal medicine services provided by a single clinician were enrolled from March 31 to September 2, 2016. Two-dimensional ultrasonography was undertaken. RESULTS: The women were aged 17-41 years (mean 27.5 ± 5...
August 26, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832487/committee-opinion-no-716-the-role-of-the-obstetrician-gynecologist-in-the-early-detection-of-epithelial-ovarian-cancer-in-women-at-average-risk
#2
(no author information available yet)
Ovarian cancer is the second most common type of female reproductive cancer, and more women die from ovarian cancer than from cervical cancer and uterine cancer combined. Currently, there is no strategy for early detection of ovarian cancer that reduces ovarian cancer mortality. Taking a detailed personal and family history for breast, gynecologic, and colon cancer facilitates categorizing women based on their risk (average risk or high risk) of developing epithelial ovarian cancer. Women with a strong family history of ovarian, breast, or colon cancer may have hereditary breast and ovarian cancer syndrome (BRCA mutation) or hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (Lynch syndrome), and these women are at increased risk of developing ovarian cancer...
September 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832478/committee-opinion-no-716-summary-the-role-of-the-obstetrician-gynecologist-in-the-early-detection-of-epithelial-ovarian-cancer-in-women-at-average-risk
#3
(no author information available yet)
Ovarian cancer is the second most common type of female reproductive cancer, and more women die from ovarian cancer than from cervical cancer and uterine cancer combined. Currently, there is no strategy for early detection of ovarian cancer that reduces ovarian cancer mortality. Taking a detailed personal and family history for breast, gynecologic, and colon cancer facilitates categorizing women based on their risk (average risk or high risk) of developing epithelial ovarian cancer. Women with a strong family history of ovarian, breast, or colon cancer may have hereditary breast and ovarian cancer syndrome (BRCA mutation) or hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (Lynch syndrome), and these women are at increased risk of developing ovarian cancer...
September 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728291/-relationship-of-endometrial-thickness-and-endometrial-cancer-risk-in-postmenopausal-women
#4
L Li, M Wu
Evaluation of the vaginal bleeding of postmenopausal women is crucial to diagnose endometrial lesions. Endometrial thickness measured by transvaginal ultrasonography provides an important reference for diagnosis. Currently, no specific cut-off value of endometrial thickness has been identified to predict the malignant risk for endometrial thickening and postmenopausal women without any symptoms. Most of resected endometrial specimens from postmenopausal women without any symptoms are diagnosed as benign or normal tissues...
July 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697394/dynamic-thiol-disulphide-homeostasis-in-patients-with-uterine-myoma
#5
Semra Eroglu, İsmail Haskul, Vüsale Aziz, Engin Yurtcu, Fatih Karatas, Salim Neşelioğlu, Ozcan Erel
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to measure and compare the dynamic thiol and disulphide homeostasis between patients with Uterine Myoma (UM) and healthy subjects. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A total of 54 patients with UM who were diagnosed by transvaginal ultrasonography and 37 age- and body mass index-matched healthy individuals were included in this study. Thiol/disulphide homeostasis was measured by a novel automatic spectrophotometric method. RESULTS: The mean serum native thiol, disulphide, and thiol levels were statistically lower in UM group than those in the control group [(284...
July 1, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650897/ultrasonographic-evaluation-of-the-urethral-rhabdosphincter-morphology-in-female-patients-with-urodynamic-stress-incontinence
#6
Dimitrios Zacharakis, Themos Grigoriadis, Eleni Pitsouni, Ekaterini Domali, Athanasios Protopapas, Stavros Athanasiou
OBJECTIVES: During the last 2 decades, ultrasonography has been proposed for the morphologic evaluation of the urethral rhabdosphincter. The aims of this study were to evaluate the feasibility of a simple sonographic technique for the assessment of the urethral rhabdosphincter morphology by using a 2-dimensional (2D) transvaginal transducer and to evaluate any associations between the sonographic parameters of rhabdosphincter morphology with the presence of urodynamic stress incontinence (USI)...
July 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638413/uterine-cavity-abnormalities-in-patients-with-endometriosis-in-alexandria-a-diagnostic-test-accuracy-study
#7
Eman Aly Abd El Fattah
Endometriosis is strongly associated with infertility. Endometrial polyps are prevalent in infertile women and they have similar pathological characteristics to endometriosis, suggesting a possible association. Uterine malformations as uterine septum and hypoplastic uterus are also linked to endometriosis. Hysterosalpingogram and transvaginal ultrasonography are used to diagnose endometrial lesions. Hysteroscopy can detect small lesions that might be missed. Recently, 4D ultrasonography is being used, but which is superior has not been established yet...
2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617687/preoperatively-assessable-clinical-and-pathological-risk-factors-for-parametrial-involvement-in-surgically-treated-figo-stage-ib-iia-cervical-cancer
#8
Emel Canaz, Eser Sefik Ozyurek, Baki Erdem, Merve Aldikactioglu Talmac, Ipek Yildiz Ozaydin, Ozgur Akbayir, Ceyhun Numanoglu, Volkan Ulker
OBJECTIVE: Determining the risk factors associated with parametrial involvement (PMI) is of paramount importance to decrease the multimodality treatment in early-stage cervical cancer. We investigated the preoperatively assessable clinical and pathological risk factors associated with PMI in surgically treated stage IB1-IIA2 cervical cancer. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of women underwent Querleu-Morrow type C hysterectomy for cervical cancer stage IB1-IIA2 from 2001 to 2015...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611519/sonographic-appearance-of-anal-cushions-of-hemorrhoids
#9
Adilijiang Aimaiti, Ma Mu Ti Jiang A Ba Bai Ke Re, Irshat Ibrahim, Hui Chen, Maimaitituerxun Tuerdi, Mayinuer
AIM: To evaluate the diagnostic value of different sonographic methods in hemorrhoids. METHODS: Forty-two healthy volunteers and sixty-two patients with grades I-IV hemorrhoids received two different sonographic examinations from January 2013 to January 2016 at the First and Second Hospitals of Xinjiang Medical University in a prospective way. We analyzed the ultrasonographic findings of these participants and evaluated the outcomes. Resected grades III and IV hemorrhoid tissues were pathologically examined...
May 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610678/anti-m%C3%A3-llerian-hormone-follicle-stimulating-hormone-antral-follicle-count-and-risk-of-menopause-within-5-years
#10
Catherine Kim, James C Slaughter, Erica T Wang, Duke Appiah, Pamela Schreiner, Benjamin Leader, Ronit Calderon-Margalit, Barbara Sternfeld, David Siscovick, Melissa Wellons
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the ability of concentration of anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH), antral follicle count (AFC), and concentration of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) to predict the onset of menopause. STUDY DESIGN: The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults Study (CARDIA) Women's Study was an ancillary study to CARDIA, a population-based study of adults aged 18-30 years followed for 3 decades. For this report, participants were women (n=426) who had attended the CARDIA year 15-16 (2000-2001) examination, had at least one ovary, were not pregnant, and underwent serum AMH and FSH measurement and transvaginal ultrasonography in 2002-2003...
August 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602043/efficacy-of-first-trimester-ultrasound-parameters-for-prediction-of-early-spontaneous-abortion
#11
Mamta Rath Datta, Ankush Raut
OBJECTIVE: To assess first-trimester ultrasound measurements for the prediction of early spontaneous abortion. METHODS: In a prospective observational study in Jamshedpur, India, women with singleton pregnancies of 42-76 days were enrolled between November 2014 and April 2016. Inclusion criteria were spontaneous conception, embryonic cardiac activity, and regular menstrual cycle. Fetal crown-to-rump length (CRL), gestational sac diameter (GSD), yolk sac diameter (YSD), and fetal heart rate (FHR) were measured by transvaginal ultrasonography...
September 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599883/uterine-sparing-laparoscopic-resection-of-accessory-cavitated-uterine-masses
#12
Ann Peters, Noah B Rindos, Richard S Guido, Nicole M Donnellan
To demonstrate surgical techniques utilized during uterine-sparing laparoscopic resections of accessory cavitated uterine masses (ACUM) BACKGROUND: ACUM represent a rare uterine entity observed in premenopausal women suffering from dysmenorrhea and recurrent pelvic pain. The diagnosis is made when an isolated extra-cavitated uterine mass is resected from an otherwise normal appearing uterus with unremarkable endometrial lumen and adnexal structures. Pathologic confirmation requires an accessory cavity lined with endometrial epithelium (and corresponding glands and stroma) filled with chocolate-brown fluid...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594756/short-cervix-in-a-patient-with-twin-gestation
#13
Manisha Gandhi, Nathan S Fox
A 28-year-old woman, gravida 1 para 0, with twin gestation presents for routine anatomic survey at 20 weeks of gestation without any complaints. On transabdominal ultrasonography, the ultrasonographer notes concern for cervical funneling and proceeds to perform a transvaginal ultrasonogram, which reveals a short cervix of 18 mm.
July 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591761/prospective-cohort-study-of-uterine-fibroids-and-miscarriage-risk
#14
Katherine E Hartmann, Digna R Velez Edwards, David A Savitz, Michele L Jonsson-Funk, Pingsheng Wu, Alexandra C Sundermann, Donna D Baird
We sought to determine the relationship of fibroids to pregnancy loss in a prospective cohort in which fibroid status was uniformly documented in early pregnancy. Participants had an intake interview, transvaginal ultrasonography, computer-assisted telephone interview, and follow-up assessment of outcomes. We recruited diverse participants for the Right From the Start study from 8 metropolitan areas in 3 states in the United States during 2000-2012. Participants were at least 18 years of age, trying to become pregnant or at less than 12 weeks' gestation, not using fertility treatments, fluent in English or Spanish, and available for telephone interviews...
June 7, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583664/urinary-triclosan-concentrations-and-diminished-ovarian-reserve-among-women-undergoing-treatment-in-a-fertility-clinic
#15
Lidia Mínguez-Alarcón, Georgios Christou, Carmen Messerlian, Paige L Williams, Courtney C Carignan, Irene Souter, Jennifer B Ford, Antonia M Calafat, Russ Hauser
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between urinary triclosan concentrations and antral follicle count (AFC), a well-accepted marker of ovarian reserve, among women from a fertility center. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Hospital fertility center. PATIENT(S): A total of 109 women. INTERVENTION(S): Urinary triclosan concentrations quantified by online solid phase extraction-high performance liquid chromatography-isotope dilution tandem mass spectrometry...
August 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578437/clinical-value-of-combining-transvaginal-contrast-enhanced-ultrasonography-with-serum-human-epididymisprotein-4-and-the-resistance-index-for-early-stage-epithelial-ovarian-cancer
#16
Wu Meng, Wang Ying, Zheng Qichao, Li Ping, Tang Jie
To increase accuracy of the detection and differential diagnosis of the early epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) with transvaginal contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (TVCEUS) combining serum human epididymisprotein 4 (HE4), and resistance index (RI). Methods: This retrospectively case-control study of 230 patients with ovarian tumors were reviewed at the Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Zhongnan Hospital, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China between June 2008 and September 2015. Before the operation of 110 cases with EOC (Group A) and 120 cases of patients with benign ovarian tumor (Group B), we observe and calculate both Groups' tumor vascular contrast-enhanced ultrasonography morphology scores (U), time-intensity curve (TIC) of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography, HE4, and RI...
June 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574444/validation-of-the-performance-of-international-ovarian-tumor-analysis-iota-methods-in-the-diagnosis-of-early-stage-ovarian-cancer-in-a-non-screening-population
#17
Wouter Froyman, Laure Wynants, Chiara Landolfo, Tom Bourne, Lil Valentin, Antonia Testa, Povilas Sladkevicius, Dorella Franchi, Daniela Fischerova, Luca Savelli, Ben Van Calster, Dirk Timmerman
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess and compare the performance of different ultrasound-based International Ovarian Tumor Analysis (IOTA) strategies and subjective assessment for the diagnosis of early stage ovarian malignancy. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of a prospective multicenter cross-sectional diagnostic accuracy study that included 1653 patients recruited at 18 centers from 2009 to 2012. All patients underwent standardized transvaginal ultrasonography by experienced ultrasound investigators...
June 2, 2017: Diagnostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540574/diagnosis-and-management-of-heterotopic-pregnancy-following-embryo-transfer-clinical-analysis-of-55-cases-from-a-single-institution
#18
Jiangtao Lyu, Hong Ye, Weihua Wang, Yi Lin, Wenjie Sun, Li Lei, Lijuan Hao
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to summarize the clinical features of patients with heterotopic pregnancy (HP) following embryo transfer (ET) and explore the risk factors for miscarriage after surgery. METHODS: All patients with HP following ET treated by surgery between August 2014 and August 2015 in Chongqing Health Center for Women and Children were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: Fifty-five patients were identified, including 40 with tubal HP, 9 interstitial HP and 6 cornual HP...
May 24, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537347/adnexal-torsion-in-the-first-trimester-of-pregnancy-diagnosis-laparoscopic-management-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
Rafael Bras, Jorge Braga, António Tomé, Helder Ferreira
We report a case of an adnexal torsion in a 27-year-old woman in her 12th week of gestation. She presented with hypogastric and lumbar pain with biliary vomiting and nausea. Upon physical examination, tenderness in the right lower quadrant with rebound tenderness was apparent, and gynecological examination revealed right adnexal tenderness with absence of abnormal cervical discharge. The transvaginal ultrasonography demonstrated an enlarged cystic right ovary with no flow detected on color and power Doppler mode...
May 24, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508426/the-role-of-transvaginal-ultrasound-in-the-evaluation-of-ureteral-involvement-in-deep-endometriosis
#20
P Carfagna, C De Cicco Nardone, A De Cicco Nardone, A C Testa, G Scambia, R Marana, F De Cicco Nardone
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether routine visualization of the pelvic ureter during transvaginal ultrasonography should be performed in all patients with deep endometriosis candidate to surgery, in order to identify a potential silent ureteral involvement by the disease. METHODS: This was a prospective study of 200 consecutive patients undergoing surgery for deep endometriosis, evaluated between January 2012 and December 2014 at a tertiary endometriosis center at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A...
May 15, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
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