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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918158/-cesarean-scar-ectopic-pregnancy
#1
L Zahálková, M Kacerovský
OBJECTIVE: To summarize current knowledge about cesarean scar pregnancy and to provide a review about available managements of this serious pregnancy pathology. DESIGN: Review article. SETTING: Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, District Hospital Náchod. RESULTS: Cesarean scar pregnancy is likely to be a result of impaired healing of the scar along with an increased affinity of trophoblast cells to extracellular matrix...
2016: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909879/investigating-vaginal-bleeding-in-postmenopausal-women-found-to-have-an-endometrial-thickness-of-equal-to-or-greater-than-10%C3%A2-mm-on-ultrasonography
#2
Hilary L Turnbull, Nikolaos Akrivos, Paul Simpson, Timothy J Duncan, Joaquin J Nieto, Nikolaos Burbos
PURPOSE: This aim of this study is to determine the risk of endometrial cancer in symptomatic postmenopausal women, when endometrial thickness on transvaginal ultrasonography is equal to or greater than 10 mm, and subsequent office-based endometrial sampling histology is negative. METHODS: This is a prospective cross-sectional study, performed in a gynaecological oncology centre in the United Kingdom between February 2008 and July 2012. All postmenopausal women presenting with vaginal bleeding were investigated using transvaginal ultrasonography...
December 1, 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891402/clinical-analysis-of-ectopic-pregnancies-in-a-tertiary-care-centre-in-southern-india-a-six-year-retrospective-study
#3
S Tahmina, Mary Daniel, Preethy Solomon
INTRODUCTION: Ectopic Pregnancy (EP) is a life-threatening emergency commonly encountered by medical practitioners where diagnosis can often be missed. Any woman in the reproductive age group, presenting with lower abdominal pain or vaginal bleeding must raise the suspicion of an ectopic pregnancy to prevent mortality and morbidity. AIM: To review all cases of EP and determine the incidence of EP. To study the high risk factors and know the types of clinical presentation, methods of diagnosis, outcome and complications...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865635/-how-i-do%C3%A2-to-see-the-sliding-sign-by-transvaginal-ultrasonography
#4
A Ayachi, R Bouchahda, S Derouich, L Mkaouer, M Mourali
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Gynécologie, Obstétrique & Fertilité
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861360/association-between-uterine-leiomyoma-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-parous-premenopausal-women-a-case-control-study
#5
Young Jin Tak, Sang Yeoup Lee, Sun Ki Park, Yun Jin Kim, Jeong Gyu Lee, Dong Wook Jeong, Seung Chul Kim, In Joo Kim, Yu Hyun Yi
Previous studies have reported that uterine leiomyoma (UL) may share pathogenic features with obesity and hypertension, which are components of metabolic syndrome (MetS). We examined the association between UL and MetS in premenopausal parous women.This 1:1 case-control study was conducted on 615 asymptomatic women with UL and 615 women without UL that were matched for age, reproductive history, and hormonal use, who underwent a comprehensive health examination. UL was diagnosed by a gynecologist based on transvaginal ultrasonography findings...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859801/a-prospective-evaluation-of-ultrasound-accuracy-in-the-prediction-of-rectosigmoid-infiltration-in-patients-with-epithelial-ovarian-cancer
#6
M Zikan, D Fischerova, I Semeradova, J Slama, P Dundr, V Weinberger, L Dusek, D Cibula
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this prospective study was to examine the accuracy of ultrasound in predicting the rectosigmoid tumor infiltration in patients with epithelial ovarian cancer. METHODS: Patients referred for suspicious pelvic mass underwent ultrasound examination within the standard protocol for the assessment of tumor infiltration. We prospectively examined 245 patients in total and included 191 patients with proven ovarian cancer who underwent primary surgery into analysis...
November 18, 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856386/reproductive-outcome-in-patients-with-intrauterine-adhesions-following-hysteroscopic-adhesiolysis-experience-from-the-largest-women-s-hospital-in-china
#7
Limei Chen, Hongwei Zhang, Qing Wang, Feng Xie, Shujun Gao, Yu Song, Jing Dong, Hua Feng, Kangyun Xie, Long Sui
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To analyze the reproductive outcome of hysteroscopic adhesiolysis and assess the diagnostic accuracy of transvaginal ultrasonography (TVS) in infertile women resulting from intrauterine adhesions (IUAs) DESIGN: Retrospective , cross-sectional study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). SETTING: University tertiary referral center PATIENTS: Three hundred and fifty seven patients with mild, moderate, and severe IUAs underwent hysteroscopic adhesiolysis between January 2012 and December 2015 INTERVENTIONS: Hysteroscopic adhesiolysis in the outpatient analgesic setting for infertility and IUAs...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847382/there-is-a-positive-correlation-between-socioeconomic-status-and-ovarian-reserve-in-women-of-reproductive-age
#8
Mert Ulas Barut, Elif Agacayak, Murat Bozkurt, Tarık Aksu, Talip Gul
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential association between socioeconomic status and ovarian reserve, anti-Mullerian hormone level, antral follicle count, and follicle stimulating hormone level in women of reproductive age. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 101 married women between 20-35 years of age who presented to the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Health Research System In Vitro Fertilization (HRS IVF) Center between October 2014 and November 2015 and met the inclusion criteria were included in this study...
November 16, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846865/hysteroscopic-management-of-a-heterotopic-pregnancy-following-uterine-artery-embolization-a-case-report
#9
Jigyasa Subedi, Min Xue, Xin Sun, Dabao Xu, Xinliang Deng, Kenan Yu, Xi Yang
BACKGROUND: Intra-uterine pregnancy coexisting with cervical pregnancy (heterotopic pregnancy) is a rare condition and its management is challenging because of the massive bleeding associated with cervical pregnancy. Uterine artery embolization followed by hysteroscopic removal of cervical and intra-uterine products of conception can theoretically prevent massive bleeding and provide a direct view during the removal. Hysteroscopic management following uterine artery embolization of heterotopic pregnancy after in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer is rarely reported...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833975/a-rare-case-of-ovarian-splenosis
#10
Ioana Andreea Gheonea, Sarmis Marian Săndulescu, Sineta Cristina Firulescu, Diana Rodica Tudoraşcu, Mircea Ovidiu Ciobanu, Oana Badea, Dan IonuŢ Gheonea, Daniela Larisa Săndulescu
Splenosis is a very rare entity that often appears following a traumatic rupture of the spleen or after splenectomy and represents heterotopic transplantation of splenic tissue. The ovary is reported as an atypical and rare localization. We report a case of a middle-aged woman, which presented with a left adnexal mass. Transvaginal ultrasonography, computed tomography (CT) and high-field 3T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed the left adnexal mass. Laparoscopy was performed, and histological and immunohistochemical examination revealed that resected mass was splenic tissue...
2016: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824761/imaging-for-polyps-and-leiomyomas-in-women-with-abnormal-uterine-bleeding-a-systematic-review
#11
Sarah Maheux-Lacroix, Fiona Li, Philippe Y Laberge, Jason Abbott
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the accuracy of saline infusion sonohysterography in comparison with transvaginal ultrasonography for diagnosing polyps and submucosal leiomyomas in women with abnormal uterine bleeding. DATA SOURCES: We searched the databases MEDLINE, EMBASE, CENTRAL, and ClinicalTrials.gov as well as citations and reference lists to the end of November 2015. METHODS OF STUDY SELECTION: Two authors screened 5,347 citations for eligibility...
December 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818130/structured-imaging-technique-in-the-gynecologic-office-for-the-diagnosis-of-abnormal-uterine-bleeding
#12
REVIEW
Margit Dueholm, Ina Marie D Hjorth
: The aim in the diagnosis of abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) is to identify the bleeding cause, which can be classified by the PALM-COEIN (Polyp, Adenomyosis, Leiomyoma, Malignancy (and hyperplasia), Coagulopathy, Ovulatory disorders, Endometrial, Iatrogenic and Not otherwise classified) classification system. In a gynecologic setting, the first step is most often to identify structural abnormalities (PALM causes). Common diagnostic options for the identification of the PALM include ultrasonography, endometrial sampling, and hysteroscopy...
October 1, 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799418/a-standardized-ultrasound-approach-to-pelvic-congestion-syndrome
#13
Nicos Labropoulos, Patrick T Jasinski, Demetri Adrahtas, Antonios P Gasparis, Mark H Meissner
Pelvic congestion syndrome is one of the many causes of chronic pelvic pain and is often diagnosed based on exclusion of other pathologies. Over the past decades, pelvic congestion syndrome was recognized to be a more common cause of chronic pelvic pain. Multiple diagnostic modalities including pelvic duplex ultrasonography, transvaginal ultrasonography, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance were studied. In the current literature, selective ovarian venography, an invasive imaging approach, is believed to be the gold standard for diagnosing pelvic congestion syndrome...
October 31, 2016: Phlebology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796806/correlation-analysis-between-ultrasound-findings-and-abnormal-karyotypes-in-the-embryos-from-early-pregnancy-loss-after-in-vitro-fertilization-embryo-transfer
#14
Xihong Li, Yan Ouyang, Yan Yi, Yueqiu Tan, Guangxiu Lu
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to evaluate the correlation between ultrasound findings and abnormal karyotypes in early pregnancy losses (EPLs) after in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET). METHODS: This retrospective analysis assessed 2172 cases of EPL after IVF-ET occurring between January 2008 and December 2013. The cases were examined via transvaginal ultrasonography (TVS). Embryonic tissue karyotyping following miscarriage was performed using a comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) analysis with fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH)...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779816/key-concepts-in-pregnancy-of-unknown-location-identifying-ectopic-pregnancy-and-providing-patient-centered-care
#15
REVIEW
Loren Fields, Alison Hathaway
Pregnancy of unknown location (PUL) is a descriptive term for when a woman with a positive pregnancy test has a transvaginal ultrasound that cannot determine the site of the pregnancy. While the majority of women with PUL are subsequently diagnosed with a spontaneous abortion or viable intrauterine pregnancy, 7% to 20% of these women have an ectopic pregnancy. The potential for morbidity and mortality related to an ectopic pregnancy means that considerable care is necessary in the evaluation and management of women with PUL...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769088/accuracy-of-transvaginal-ultrasonography-hysteroscopy-and-uterine-curettage-in-evaluating-endometrial-pathologies
#16
Miriam da Silva Wanderley, Miriam Monteiro Álvares, Maria de Fátima Brito Vogt, Lizandra Moura Paravidine Sazaki
Objective To evaluate the accuracy of transvaginal ultrasonography, hysteroscopy and uterine curettage in the diagnosis of endometrial polyp, submucous myoma and endometrial hyperplasia, using as gold standard the histopathological analysis of biopsy samples obtained during hysteroscopy or uterine curettage. Methods Cross-sectional study performed at the Hospital Universitário de Brasília (HUB). Data were obtained from the charts of patients submitted to hysteroscopy or uterine curettage in the period from July 2007 to July 2012...
October 2016: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752308/characterization-of-blood-flow-and-the-effects-of-exogenous-estradiol-benzoate-on-residual-follicles-formed-after-ultrasound-guided-transvaginal-follicle-aspiration-in-cattle
#17
Alberto Mansur Ghetti, Luiz Gustavo Bruno Siqueira, Eduardo Kenji Nunes Arashiro, Miller Pereira Palhao, Felipe Zandonadi Brandao, Joao Henrique Moreira Viana
BACKGROUND: Removal of the follicular content by ultrasound-guided transvaginal follicle aspiration (TVFA) may fail to induce immediate atresia and loss of function, resulting in the occurrence of residual follicles (RF). The aims of this study were to characterize the blood flow in RF and to determine the effects of the treatment with estradiol benzoate on RF fate. Lactating, cyclic Holstein-Gir crossbred cows were used. In Experiment 1, follicular wave emergence (D0) was synchronized in cows (n = 10) and follicular growth was then monitored by transrectal ultrasonography from D0 to D8, followed by TVFA of the largest follicle present on the ovaries 24 h later...
2016: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27750471/comparison-of-transabdominal-and-transvaginal-ultrasonography-for-the-assessment-of-cervical-length-at-16-23-weeks-of-gestation
#18
Lunthaporn Puttanavijarn, Vorapong Phupong
The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between transabdominal and transvaginal ultrasonography for the cervical length assessment and to evaluate the predictive value of the transabdominal ultrasonography cervical length assessment for predicting preterm birth. A prospective cohort study was conducted. Transabdominal and transvaginal ultrasonography cervical length assessments were performed in 160 pregnant women between 16 and 23 (+) (6) weeks of gestation. Transabdominal ultrasonography cervical length assessment was positively correlated with the transvaginal ultrasonography cervical length assessment...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706929/diagnostic-accuracy-and-cost-effectiveness-of-different-strategies-to-triage-adnexal-masses-a-prospective-study
#19
Elisa Piovano, Camilla Cavallero, Luca Fuso, Elsa Viora, Annamaria Ferrero, Gianluca Gregori, Caterina Grillo, Chiara Macchi, Giulio Mengozzi, Marco Mitidieri, Eva Pagano, Paolo Zola
BACKGROUND: Transvaginal ultrasonography (TVS) and serum biomarkers are widely used in clinical practice to triage adnexal masses, but the effectiveness of current biomarkers is quite weak. OBJECTIVES: To determine the best way to diagnose the patients with adnexal masses, in terms of diagnostic accuracy and economic costs, among four triage strategies: International Ovarian Tumor Analysis group's simple rules (SR) for the interpretation of TVS with the addition of subjective assessment (SA) by an experienced ultrasound operator only when TVS results are inconclusive (hereafter defined as SR±SA), SR±SA+CA125, SR±SA+HE4, and SR±SA+ROMA...
October 5, 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702702/temporary-blocking-uterine-artery-for-dig-out-diffuse-adenomyosis-lesion-treated-laparoscopically
#20
Yong Li, Hui Qi, Wenqin Ma, Chaoying Wu, Xia Li, Danmei Zhao, Wenfeng Ye, Mei Xiang
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to demonstrate the tips and tricks of a simpler technique for temporary blocking of the uterine artery in laparoscopic resection of the diffuse adenomyosis lesion to make the procedure more efficient and reproducible. DESIGN: This study is designed to be a step-by-step explanation of the technique using videos and pictures (Canadian Task Force Classification III). SETTING: This study was conducted at Changzhou Maternal and Child Health Hospital in Changzhou, China...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
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