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transvaginal ultrasonography

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076877/ultrasound-imaging-for-ovarian-and-deep-infiltrating-endometriosis
#1
Caterina Exacoustos, Errico Zupi, Emilio Piccione
The main challenges of imaging for endometriosis are the detection of nonovarian disease and the evaluation of the extension of the disease into pelvic structures. Transvaginal ultrasonography (TVS) has been proposed as the first-line imaging technique because it allows extensive exploration of the pelvis. The "typical" endometrioma is a unilocular cyst with homogeneous low-level echogenicity (ground glass echogenicity) of the cyst fluid. The use of color Doppler helps avoid classifying malignancies as endometriomas, defining the presence of vascular flow in papillations...
January 11, 2017: Seminars in Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064548/amniotic-fluid-sludge-prevalence-and-clinical-significans-of-it-in-asymptomatic-patients-at-high-risk-for-spontaneous-preterm-delivery
#2
Ilknur Adanir, Ozgur Ozyuncu, Ayse Filiz Gokmen Karasu, Lutfu S Onderoglu
INTRODUCTION: The aim of our study is to determine prevalence and clinical significance of the presence of amniotic fluid 'sludge' among asymptomatic patients at high-risk for spontaneous preterm delivery, prospectively. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In our study, 99 patients at high risk for spontaneous preterm delivery were evaluated for the presence of amniotic fluid sludge with transvaginal ultrasonography at 20-22., 26-28. and 32-34. gestational weeks, prospectively; between August 2009 and October 2010 in Hacettepe University Hospital...
January 8, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029460/-predictive-tools-of-preterm-birth-in-asymptomatic-high-risk-pregnancy
#3
J Blanc, F Bretelle
OBJECTIVE: Describe tools designed to predict preterm birth in asymptomatic high-risk pregnancy and determine their predictive value. METHODS: The PubMed database, the Cochrane Library and the recommendations from the French and foreign obstetrical societies or colleges have been consulted. RESULTS: Obstetric history particularly spontaneous preterm birth identifies a population at risk for preterm birth for the current pregnancy (LE3). This risk is related to the number of prior preterm birth and is even higher than the term of the prior event is more premature and that the event concerns the last pregnancy (LE3)...
October 29, 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003928/ectopic-pregnancy-in-a-cesarean-section-scar-successful-management-using-vacuum-aspiration-under-laparoscopic-supervision-mini-review-of-current-literature
#4
Mustafa Koplay, Nasuh Utku Dogan, Mesut Sivri, Hasan Erdogan, Selen Dogan, Cetin Celik
A cesarean scar ectopic pregnancy (CSEP) is a fairly uncommon presentation wherein the conceptus is implanted deep in the myometrium and at the exact scar site of the previous cesarean section. There are various CSEP management options that range from medical treatment to surgical interventions such as dilatation and curettage, laparoscopic excision, resection by laparotomy, or, sometimes, a combination of these modalities. Establishing a diagnosis of CSEP can be challenging. Given the relatively rare incidence of CSEP, its management is controversial and current standards of therapy have been derived from data obtained from a limited number of patients...
2016: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002515/morphological-imaging-and-surgical-aspects-in-endometrial-endometrioid-adenocarcinoma
#5
Costin Berceanu, Alex Emilian Stepan, Claudia MehedinŢu, Monica Mihaela Cîrstoiu, Răzvan Ciortea, Sabina Berceanu, Ioana Andreea Gheonea, Elvira Brătilă
Endometrioid endometrial adenocarcinomas (EECs) are frequent genital tumors for which the clinical, imaging and histopathological integrated analysis is the basis of differential diagnosis and therapeutic attitude. This research represents a tertiary multicenter study including 58 cases examined histopathologically and immunohistochemically, surgically treated, on a five years period. The main characteristics of the patients in the study group are represented by the average age of 66 years, associated with obesity, hypertension, diabetes, history of infertility, early menopause, nulliparity or long-time oral contraception...
2016: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977408/use-of-translabial-three-dimensional-power-doppler-ultrasound-for-cervical-assessment-before-labor-induction
#6
Sertac Esin, Bulent Yirci, Serdar Yalvac, Omer Kandemir
OBJECTIVE: To compare translabial three-dimensional (3D) power Doppler ultrasound with Bishop score and transvaginal ultrasound measurements for cervical assessment before induction of labor with dinoprostone or cervical ripening balloon. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Translabial cervical volume and length, vascularization indices and transvaginal cervical length were measured. Results were compared among women who had vaginal delivery at 24 h or less and more than 24 h after the insertion of the dinoprostone vaginal insert or cervical ripening balloon and among women who had vaginal delivery and cesarean delivery for failure to go into labor or failure to progress...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976974/predictive-values-of-anti-m%C3%A3-llerian-hormone-antral-follicle-count-and-ovarian-response-prediction-index-orpi-for-assisted-reproductive-technology-outcomes
#7
Mahnaz Ashrafi, Mandana Hemat, Arezoo Arabipoor, Reza Salman Yazdi, Akram Bahman-Abadi, Rezvaneh Cheraghi
This prospective study was performed from June 2012 to June 2014 at Royan Institute to compare the predictive values of serum anti-müllerian hormone (AMH), antral follicle count (AFC) and ovarian response prediction index (ORPI) ([AFC × AMH]/age) for in vitro fertilisation/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI) cycle outcomes. Five hundred and fifty women included in the study with male factor and unexplained infertility were the first candidates for IVF/ICSI cycles. Serum AMH level was measured by a commercial ELISA kit and AFC was calculated by a transvaginal ultrasonography on day 2-3 of the menstrual cycle before starting ovarian stimulation...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943496/the-treatment-of-cervical-pregnancy-with-ultrasound-guided-local-methotrexate-injection
#8
Munekage Yamaguchi, Ritsuo Honda, Chimeddulam Erdenebaatar, Mahina Monsur, Tomoko Honda, Isao Sakaguchi, Yoshinori Okamura, Takashi Ohba, Hidetaka Katabuchi
OBJECTIVES: Cervical pregnancy (CP) is a rare type of ectopic pregnancy. Methotrexate (MTX) appears to be the first-line therapy for clinically stable women; however, there is still no consensus on the most appropriate treatment for this abnormal pregnancy. The aim of the present study was to investigate the efficacy of a single local MTX injection under transvaginal ultrasound guidance for the initial treatment of CP and to assess the post-treatment fertility. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 15 CP patients treated with local MTX injection under transvaginal ultrasonography...
December 10, 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939895/misplaced-iud-found-on-laparoscopy
#9
Suyash Naval, Rucha Naval, Shubhda Jajoo, Sudarshan Naval, Ameya Padmawar
A 38 year old woman presented with history of inability to feel IUD thread. Evaluation with a X-ray and transvaginal ultrasonography suggested intra-abdominal presence of the misplaced IUD. On laparoscopy the copper containing IUD was found embedded between omentum and anterior abdominal wall (Fig.1A). It was removed by laparoscopy without any complications (Fig 1B). The rate of uterine perforation has been reported to range from 0 to 1.3 per 1000 insertions [1]. It is recommended by World Health Organization that a displaced IUD should always be removed as soon as possible after the diagnosis has been established, regardless of its type and location [2]...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924675/increase-in-the-cervical-length-after-the-loop-electrosurgical-excision-procedure-for-grade-iii-cervical-intraepithelial-neoplasia
#10
Kenro Chikazawa, Sachiho Netsu, Keiko Akashi, Yurina Suzuki, Ryo Konno, Shigeru Motomatsu
This study aimed to determine whether the cervical length increases over a period of six months, after the loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) for grade III cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), and to identify the factors associated with an increase in the cervical length. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 183 patients who underwent the LEEP between April 2011 and March 2014, at the Department of Gynaecology, Kyosai Hospital. Transvaginal ultrasonography was performed at two, three and six months after the LEEP, and the mean increase in the cervical length between two and three months, two and six months, and three and six months were 2...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918158/-cesarean-scar-ectopic-pregnancy
#11
L Zahálková, M Kacerovský
OBJECTIVE: To summarize current knowledge about cesarean scar pregnancy and to provide a review about available managements of this serious pregnancy pathology. DESIGN: Review article. SETTING: Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, District Hospital Náchod. RESULTS: Cesarean scar pregnancy is likely to be a result of impaired healing of the scar along with an increased affinity of trophoblast cells to extracellular matrix...
2016: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909879/investigating-vaginal-bleeding-in-postmenopausal-women-found-to-have-an-endometrial-thickness-of-equal-to-or-greater-than-10%C3%A2-mm-on-ultrasonography
#12
Hilary L Turnbull, Nikolaos Akrivos, Paul Simpson, Timothy J Duncan, Joaquin J Nieto, Nikolaos Burbos
PURPOSE: This aim of this study is to determine the risk of endometrial cancer in symptomatic postmenopausal women, when endometrial thickness on transvaginal ultrasonography is equal to or greater than 10 mm, and subsequent office-based endometrial sampling histology is negative. METHODS: This is a prospective cross-sectional study, performed in a gynaecological oncology centre in the United Kingdom between February 2008 and July 2012. All postmenopausal women presenting with vaginal bleeding were investigated using transvaginal ultrasonography...
December 1, 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891402/clinical-analysis-of-ectopic-pregnancies-in-a-tertiary-care-centre-in-southern-india-a-six-year-retrospective-study
#13
S Tahmina, Mary Daniel, Preethy Solomon
INTRODUCTION: Ectopic Pregnancy (EP) is a life-threatening emergency commonly encountered by medical practitioners where diagnosis can often be missed. Any woman in the reproductive age group, presenting with lower abdominal pain or vaginal bleeding must raise the suspicion of an ectopic pregnancy to prevent mortality and morbidity. AIM: To review all cases of EP and determine the incidence of EP. To study the high risk factors and know the types of clinical presentation, methods of diagnosis, outcome and complications...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865635/-how-i-do%C3%A2-to-see-the-sliding-sign-by-transvaginal-ultrasonography
#14
A Ayachi, R Bouchahda, S Derouich, L Mkaouer, M Mourali
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Gynécologie, Obstétrique & Fertilité
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861360/association-between-uterine-leiomyoma-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-parous-premenopausal-women-a-case-control-study
#15
Young Jin Tak, Sang Yeoup Lee, Sun Ki Park, Yun Jin Kim, Jeong Gyu Lee, Dong Wook Jeong, Seung Chul Kim, In Joo Kim, Yu Hyun Yi
Previous studies have reported that uterine leiomyoma (UL) may share pathogenic features with obesity and hypertension, which are components of metabolic syndrome (MetS). We examined the association between UL and MetS in premenopausal parous women.This 1:1 case-control study was conducted on 615 asymptomatic women with UL and 615 women without UL that were matched for age, reproductive history, and hormonal use, who underwent a comprehensive health examination. UL was diagnosed by a gynecologist based on transvaginal ultrasonography findings...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859801/a-prospective-evaluation-of-ultrasound-accuracy-in-the-prediction-of-rectosigmoid-infiltration-in-patients-with-epithelial-ovarian-cancer
#16
M Zikan, D Fischerova, I Semeradova, J Slama, P Dundr, V Weinberger, L Dusek, D Cibula
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this prospective study was to examine the accuracy of ultrasound in predicting the rectosigmoid tumor infiltration in patients with epithelial ovarian cancer. METHODS: Patients referred for suspicious pelvic mass underwent ultrasound examination within the standard protocol for the assessment of tumor infiltration. We prospectively examined 245 patients in total and included 191 patients with proven ovarian cancer who underwent primary surgery into analysis...
November 18, 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856386/reproductive-outcome-in-patients-with-intrauterine-adhesions-following-hysteroscopic-adhesiolysis-experience-from-the-largest-women-s-hospital-in-china
#17
Limei Chen, Hongwei Zhang, Qing Wang, Feng Xie, Shujun Gao, Yu Song, Jing Dong, Hua Feng, Kangyun Xie, Long Sui
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To analyze the reproductive outcome of hysteroscopic adhesiolysis and assess the diagnostic accuracy of transvaginal ultrasonography (TVS) in infertile women resulting from intrauterine adhesions (IUAs) DESIGN: Retrospective , cross-sectional study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). SETTING: University tertiary referral center PATIENTS: Three hundred and fifty seven patients with mild, moderate, and severe IUAs underwent hysteroscopic adhesiolysis between January 2012 and December 2015 INTERVENTIONS: Hysteroscopic adhesiolysis in the outpatient analgesic setting for infertility and IUAs...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847382/there-is-a-positive-correlation-between-socioeconomic-status-and-ovarian-reserve-in-women-of-reproductive-age
#18
Mert Ulas Barut, Elif Agacayak, Murat Bozkurt, Tarık Aksu, Talip Gul
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential association between socioeconomic status and ovarian reserve, anti-Mullerian hormone level, antral follicle count, and follicle stimulating hormone level in women of reproductive age. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 101 married women between 20-35 years of age who presented to the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Health Research System In Vitro Fertilization (HRS IVF) Center between October 2014 and November 2015 and met the inclusion criteria were included in this study...
November 16, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846865/hysteroscopic-management-of-a-heterotopic-pregnancy-following-uterine-artery-embolization-a-case-report
#19
Jigyasa Subedi, Min Xue, Xin Sun, Dabao Xu, Xinliang Deng, Kenan Yu, Xi Yang
BACKGROUND: Intra-uterine pregnancy coexisting with cervical pregnancy (heterotopic pregnancy) is a rare condition and its management is challenging because of the massive bleeding associated with cervical pregnancy. Uterine artery embolization followed by hysteroscopic removal of cervical and intra-uterine products of conception can theoretically prevent massive bleeding and provide a direct view during the removal. Hysteroscopic management following uterine artery embolization of heterotopic pregnancy after in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer is rarely reported...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833975/a-rare-case-of-ovarian-splenosis
#20
Ioana Andreea Gheonea, Sarmis Marian Săndulescu, Sineta Cristina Firulescu, Diana Rodica Tudoraşcu, Mircea Ovidiu Ciobanu, Oana Badea, Dan IonuŢ Gheonea, Daniela Larisa Săndulescu
Splenosis is a very rare entity that often appears following a traumatic rupture of the spleen or after splenectomy and represents heterotopic transplantation of splenic tissue. The ovary is reported as an atypical and rare localization. We report a case of a middle-aged woman, which presented with a left adnexal mass. Transvaginal ultrasonography, computed tomography (CT) and high-field 3T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed the left adnexal mass. Laparoscopy was performed, and histological and immunohistochemical examination revealed that resected mass was splenic tissue...
2016: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
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