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transvaginal ultrasonography

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770767/pelvic-abscess-drainage-outcome-with-factors-affecting-the-clinical-success
#1
Devrim Akıncı, Onur Ergun, Çağdaş Topel, Türkmen Çiftçi, Okan Akhan
PURPOSE: We aimed to evaluate the success and complication rates of image-guided pelvic abscess drainage with emphasis on factors affecting the clinical success. METHODS: During a 7-year period, 185 pelvic abscesses were treated in 163 patients under ultrasonography and fluoroscopy (n=140) or computed tomography (n=45) guidance with transabdominal (n=107), transvaginal (n=39), transrectal (n=21) and transgluteal (n=18) approaches. Abscess characteristics (etiology, number, size, intrastructure, microbiological content, presence of fistula), patient demographics (age, sex, presence of malignancy, primary disease, antibiotic treatments), procedure-related factors (guidance method, access route, catheter size) and their effects on clinical success, complications, and duration of catheterization were statistically analyzed...
May 2018: Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology: Official Journal of the Turkish Society of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763581/intraoperative-ultrasound-assisted-enucleation-of-residual-fibroids-following-laparoscopic-myomectomy
#2
Yan Hao, Si-Jing Li, Ping Zheng, Xia Wu, Jie Sheng, Dong-Lan Yuan, Qi Zhou, Wei Wei, Ai-Hong Duan, Qing-Qing Wu, Dan Lu
AIM: To investigate if intraoperative ultrasounds by laparoscopic and transvaginal ultrasonography (LUS and TVS) could improve enucleating the residual fibroids following laparoscopic myomectomy (LM). METHODS: From March to December 2016, 78 women with uterine fibroids underwent LM, LUS and TVS were applied to detect residual fibroids and to guide surgeons to enucleate them after the visible fibroids were removed during LM operation. RESULTS: The total number of residual fibroids found by LUS was 140, and the total number found by TVS was 127 following LM (P = 0...
May 12, 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754409/comparison-of-transvaginal-ultrasound-and-saline-contrast-sonohysterography-in-evaluation-of-cesarean-scar-defect-a-prospective-cohort-study
#3
Riitta Antila-Långsjö, Johanna U Mäenpää, Heini Huhtala, Eija Tomás, Synnöve Staff
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of post-cesarean isthmocele and to measure agreement between transvaginal ultrasonography and saline contrast sonohysterography in assessment of isthmocele. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective observational cohort study was carried out at Tampere University Hospital, Finland. Non-pregnant women delivered by cesarean section (n=371) were examined with transvaginal ultrasonography (TVUS) and sonohysterography (SHG) six months after cesarean section...
May 12, 2018: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731210/no-249-asymptomatic-endometrial-thickening
#4
Wendy Wolfman
OBJECTIVE: To formulate clinical recommendations for the assessment of endometrial thickening when it is found on ultrasound in a postmenopausal patient without bleeding. OUTCOMES: Ensure that women with asymptomatic thickening and endometrial polyps found on ultrasound are managed appropriately. EVIDENCE: Published literature was retrieved through searches of English language articles from the EMBASE, Cochrane, and PubMed databases for relevant peer-reviewed articles dating from 1970 to 2009, using appropriate controlled vocabulary (e...
May 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728143/measurement-error-of-mean-sac-diameter-and-crown-rump-length-among-pregnant-women-at-mulago-hospital-uganda
#5
Sam Ali, Rosemary Kusaba Byanyima, Sam Ononge, Jerry Ictho, Jean Nyamwiza, Emmanuel Lako Ernesto Loro, John Mukisa, Angella Musewa, Annet Nalutaaya, Ronald Ssenyonga, Ismael Kawooya, Benjamin Temper, Achilles Katamba, Joan Kalyango, Charles Karamagi
BACKGROUND: Ultrasonography is essential in the prenatal diagnosis and care for the pregnant mothers. However, the measurements obtained often contain a small percentage of unavoidable error that may have serious clinical implications if substantial. We therefore evaluated the level of intra and inter-observer error in measuring mean sac diameter (MSD) and crown-rump length (CRL) in women between 6 and 10 weeks' gestation at Mulago hospital. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted from January to March 2016...
May 4, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725280/endometrial-histopathology-results-and-evaluation-of-endometrial-cancer-risk-in-geriatric-women
#6
Emre Günakan, Zeliha Atak, Mustafa Albayrak, Yüksel Kurban, Gülçin G Şimşek
The incidence of premalignant and malignant endometrial disorders increases during the postmenopausal period. In the literature, endometrial disorders are usually discussed in the context of menopausal status. But there are limited data regarding endometrial disorders in geriatric patients. Early diagnosis of endometrial cancers with aggressive behaviour that increases during the geriatric period may allow simpler treatment options and also decrease the treatment-associated morbidity risk. Records of geriatric patients who underwent an endometrial histopathological evaluation between 2011 and 2016 were evaluated...
March 2018: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719307/magnetic-resonance-imaging-mri-and-transvaginal-ultrasonography-tvu-at-ovarian-pain-caused-by-benign-ovarian-lesions
#7
Amela Sofic, Azra Husic-Selimovic, Vahidin Katica, Elma Jahic, Una Delic, Adnan Sehic, Fuad Julardzija
Research goal: The aim of the research is to define the possibilities of TVU and the MRI in the diagnosis of the most common benign ovarian lesions which cause pelvic pain. Patients and methods: In study were included n=74 patients with pelvic pain, who were examined with TVU and then with an MRI of pelvis. Diagnostic results of all patients (n=74) divided into two groups according to the modality that was performed (TVU results n=74 and MRI results n=74 MRI ). We compared the results of TVU and MRI, and with a pathohistological finding after surgery...
2018: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703260/adenocarcinoma-arising-in-sigmoid-colon-neovagina-53-years-after-construction
#8
Kazunosuke Yamada, Dai Shida, Tomoyasu Kato, Hiroshi Yoshida, Shigetaka Yoshinaga, Yukihide Kanemitsu
BACKGROUND: In view of the rarity of vaginal agenesis, malignancy arising in the neovagina is extremely rare. CASE PRESENTATION: Here, we report a 76-year-old female with an adenocarcinoma arising in the sigmoid colon neovagina which was constructed 53 years ago for congenital vaginal agenesis. Vaginal endoscopy to examine vaginal bleeding revealed a protruding lesion occupying three quarters of the lumen in the vicinity of anastomosis of the residual vagina and sigmoid colon...
April 27, 2018: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702715/hemoptysis-and-endometriosis-an-unusual-association-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#9
Joao Paulo Leonardo-Pinto, Cristina Laguna Benetti-Pinto, Iuri Quagliato, Daniela Angerame Yela
Thoracic endometriosis syndrome is a rare condition that includes four entities: catamenial pneumothorax, catamenial hemothorax, catamenial hemoptysis and lung nodules. We describe the case of a 23-year-old woman with complaints of hemoptysis during menstrual period in the two years prior to the appointment. Initially, a treatment for tuberculosis was established with no success. Further investigation showed a 4 mm nodule in the right lung, and the transvaginal ultrasonography indicated the presence of deep endometriosis...
April 27, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683909/acog-committee-opinion-no-734-the-role-of-transvaginal-ultrasonography-in-evaluating-the-endometrium-of-women-with-postmenopausal-bleeding
#10
(no author information available yet)
Cancer of the endometrium is the most common type of gynecologic cancer in the United States. Vaginal bleeding is the presenting sign in more than 90% of postmenopausal women with endometrial carcinoma. Clinical risk factors for endometrial cancer, including but not limited to age, obesity, use of unopposed estrogen, specific medical comorbidities (eg, polycystic ovary syndrome, type 2 diabetes mellitus, atypical glandular cells on screening cervical cytology), and family history of gynecologic malignancy also should be considered when evaluating postmenopausal bleeding...
May 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683904/acog-committee-opinion-no-734-summary-the-role-of-transvaginal-ultrasonography-in-evaluating-the-endometrium-of-women-with-postmenopausal-bleeding
#11
(no author information available yet)
Cancer of the endometrium is the most common type of gynecologic cancer in the United States. Vaginal bleeding is the presenting sign in more than 90% of postmenopausal women with endometrial carcinoma. Clinical risk factors for endometrial cancer, including but not limited to age, obesity, use of unopposed estrogen, specific medical comorbidities (eg, polycystic ovary syndrome, type 2 diabetes mellitus, atypical glandular cells on screening cervical cytology), and family history of gynecologic malignancy also should be considered when evaluating postmenopausal bleeding...
May 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680194/the-challenge-of-evaluating-adnexal-masses-in-patients-with-breast-cancer
#12
REVIEW
Tomás Reinert, Angélica Nogueira-Rodrigues, Fabiola Procacci Kestelman, Patricia Ashton-Prolla, Márcia Silveira Graudenz, José Bines
This narrative literature review addresses the problem of an adnexal mass discovered during the course of breast cancer (BC) care, which may represent a benign condition, a metastatic process, or a primary ovarian cancer (OC), clinical scenarios associated with distinct physiopathology and prognosis. Furthermore, the coexistence of BC and OC in the same patient may be owing to a hereditary disorder, deserving specific management strategies and counseling. The initial detection and evaluation of an adnexal mass in a patient with BC requires a high index of suspicion, and the initial workup should include a thorough medical history and physical examination, measurement of tumor markers, complete blood count, and imaging tests...
March 12, 2018: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675930/relationship-between-ultrasonographic-and-biochemical-markers-of-tubal-ectopic-pregnancy-and-success-of-subsequent-management
#13
Batool Nadim, Chuan Lu, Fernando Infante, Shannon Reid, George Condous
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether there is an association between morphologic types of tubal ectopic pregnancy (EP), 0-hour human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) levels, and subsequent management success. METHODS: We conducted a prospective study (November 2006-December 2015). Women had a diagnosis of EP by transvaginal ultrasonography if they had an inhomogeneous mass adjacent to the ovary and moving separately from it ("blob" sign), a mass with a hyperechoic ring around the gestational sac ("bagel" sign), or a gestational sac with an embryonic pole with or without a yolk sac with or without cardiac activity...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675497/a-case-report-of-ggeneralized-uterine-arteriovenous-malformation-after-molar-pregnancy-in-an-infertile-woman
#14
Firoozeh Ahmadi, Somayeh Moukhah
Background: Uterine arteriovenous malformation (UAVM) is a rare vascular condition in reproductive age presented mostly with bleeding. Although this malformation is infrequent, it is potentially life-threatening. Transvaginal Doppler ultrasonography is a widely available, noninvasive and excellent diagnostic method. Case: The case is a 30-yr-old woman with a history of eight-yr infertility.following intrauterine insemination treatment, she had a molar pregnancy...
February 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662284/a-comparative-study-on-quantitative-assessment-of-blood-flow-and-vascularization-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-patients-and-normal-women-using-three-dimensional-power-doppler-ultrasonography
#15
Nitasha Garg, Harkiran Kaur Khaira, Manjot Kaur, Smita Sinha
Purpose of the Study: To compare the quantitative assessment of blood flow and vascularization of ovaries in polycystic ovary syndrome patients and normal women using three-dimensional power Doppler ultrasonography. Methods: This cross-sectional quantitative study was conducted on women of reproductive age group (15-45 years) attending Gynaecology OPD AIMSR, Bathinda, Punjab. Thirty women were enrolled in polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) group and 30 healthy women in control group...
April 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659847/follicle-growth-and-endocrine-dynamics-in-women-with-spontaneous-luteinized-unruptured-follicles-versus-ovulation
#16
S T Bashir, A R Baerwald, M O Gastal, R A Pierson, E L Gastal
STUDY QUESTION: Do growth patterns and endocrine profiles differ between ovulatory follicles (OvFs) and luteinized unruptured follicles (LUFs) in women? SUMMARY ANSWER: Growth rates, diameters and associated endocrine profiles differed between OvFs and LUFs in unstimulated cycles. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Two-three waves of antral follicles develop during the menstrual cycle in ovulatory women of reproductive age, with the second or third wave terminating in ovulation...
April 6, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570454/does-ultrasound-guided-intervention-during-repeat-cesarean-sections-improve-uterine-scar-architecture-and-reduce-the-number-of-scars-a-prospective-controlled-clinical-intervention-trial
#17
Gregor Seliger, Anne Muendane, Katharina Chaoui, Grit Gesine Ruth Hiller, Christine Lautenschläger, Serban-Dan Costa, Michael Tchirikov
PURPOSE: To evaluate whether intraoperative ultrasound-guided detection and resection of the uterine scar during repeat/second cesarean can reduce the number of scars and improve uterine scar architecture. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective controlled clinical intervention trial was performed with the following groups: control group 1 (CS1-G): first cesarean; control group 2 (CS2-G): second cesarean utilizing the usual procedure and intervention group (Int-G): repeat/second cesarean with intervention...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550681/recurrent-benign-leiomyomas-after-total-abdominal-hysterectomy-rich-or-poor-estrogenic-environment-may-lead-to-their-recurrence
#18
Konstantinos Kyriakopoulos, Ekaterini Domali, Sofoklis Stavrou, Alexandros Rodolakis, Dimitrios Loutradis, Peter Drakakis
INTRODUCTION: Benign metastasizing leiomyomas represent benign lesions consisted by leiomatosous tissue and could be observed in positions away from their usual localization, the human uterus. They commonly affect women that have undergone total hysterectomy. Approximately 100 similar cases have been reported in the literature, so the case we present is rare and reviewing the literature and needs to be reported. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report a case of a 55 year old Greek woman, gravida five and para three, who attended our unit 3 years ago complaining of occasionally lower abdominal pain and irritation the last months...
February 22, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545217/combined-transvaginal-transabdominal-pelvic-ultrasonography-accurately-predicts-the-3-dimensions-of-deep-infiltrating-bowel-endometriosis-measured-after-surgery-a-prospective-study-in-a-specialized-center-diagnostic-value-of-tv-ta-us-for-bowel-die
#19
Alessandra Di Giovanni, Lucia Casarella, Marina Coppola, Domenico Iuzzolino, Marianna Rasile, Mario Malzoni
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess sensitivity and accuracy of combined transvaginal/transabdominal ultrasonography for evaluation of deep infiltrating bowel endometriosis nodules measured after surgery. DESIGN: A prospective study (Canadian Task Force classification II.1). SETTING: A Center for Advanced Endoscopic Gynecologic Surgery from January 2014 to December 2016. PATIENTS: All women undergoing laparoscopic surgery and scheduled for segmental resection for clinically suspected bowel endometriosis...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527712/intra-and-interobserver-variability-in-nodule-size-of-rectosigmoid-endometriosis-measured-by-two-and-three-dimensional-transvaginal-sonography
#20
Anne Gisselmann Egekvist, Axel Forman, Mads Riiskjaer, Ulrik Schiøler Kesmodel, Mie Mathiasen, Mikkel Seyer-Hansen
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to assess the intra- and interobserver variability of two- and three-dimensional rectosigmoid nodule size measurements by transvaginal ultrasonography in patients with rectosigmoid endometriosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Intra- and interobserver variability was assessed in 10 and 30 patients, respectively. Measurements in two dimensions were performed in real-time during the scan, and three-dimensional measurements of volume were done on a computer...
March 12, 2018: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
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