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Zinc plant

Theeta Sricoth, Weeradej Meeinkuirt, Patompong Saengwilai, John Pichtel, Puntaree Taeprayoon
Cadmium (Cd) may be toxic to aquatic plants even at modest concentrations, and excessive quantities of zinc (Zn) decrease plant performance. The Cd and Zn phytoremediation potential of several aquatic plant species (Thalia geniculate, Cyperus alternifolius, Canna indica, Eichhornia crassipes, Pistia stratiotes) and one grass species (Vetiveria zizanioides) was evaluated in hydroponic experiments. Vetiveria zizanioides, E. crassipes, and P. stratiotes experienced reduced growth performance in the presence of Cd as determined from biomass production, survival rate, and crown root number (CN); however, they accumulated high quantities of metals in their tissues, particularly in roots...
March 17, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Hye-Yeon Seok, Linh Vu Nguyen, Hee-Yeon Park, Vaishali N Tarte, Jimin Ha, Sun-Young Lee, Yong-Hwan Moon
Functional studies of CCCH-type zinc finger proteins in abiotic stress responses have largely focused on tandem CCCH-type zinc finger (TZF) genes, whereas the study of functional roles of non-TZF genes in abiotic stress responses has largely been neglected. Here, we investigated the functional roles of AtC3H17, a non-TZF gene of Arabidopsis, in salt stress responses. AtC3H17 expression significantly increased under NaCl, mannitol, and ABA treatments. AtC3H17-overexpressing transgenic plants (OXs) were more tolerant under NaCl and MV treatment conditions than the wild type (WT)...
March 16, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Guillaume Dubeaux, Julie Neveu, Enric Zelazny, Grégory Vert
Plant roots forage the soil for iron, the concentration of which can be dramatically lower than those needed for growth. Soil iron uptake uses the broad metal spectrum IRT1 transporter that also transports zinc, manganese, cobalt, and cadmium. Sophisticated iron-dependent transcriptional regulatory mechanisms allow plants to tightly control the abundance of IRT1, ensuring optimal absorption of iron. Here, we uncover that IRT1 acts as a transporter and receptor (transceptor), directly sensing excess of its non-iron metal substrates in the cytoplasm, to regulate its own degradation...
March 15, 2018: Molecular Cell
Zi-Ru Chen, Lu Kuang, Yi-Qun Gao, Ya-Ling Wang, David E Salt, Dai-Yin Chao
Zinc (Zn) is an essential element for plant growth and development, and Zn derived from crop plants in the diet is also important for human health. Here, we report that genetic variation in Heavy Metal-ATPase 4 ( HMA4 ) controls natural variation in leaf Zn content. Investigation of the natural variation in leaf Zn content in a world-wide collection of 349 Arabidopsis thaliana wild collected accessions identified two accessions, Van-0 and Fab-2, which accumulate significantly lower Zn when compared with Col-0...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Youfa Luo, Yonggui Wu, Hu Wang, Rongrong Xing, Zhilin Zheng, Jing Qiu, Lian Yang
This comparative field study examined the responses of bacterial community structure and diversity to the revegetation of zinc (Zn) smelting waste slag with eight plant species after 5 years. The microbial community structure of waste slag with and without vegetation was evaluated using high-throughput sequencing. The physiochemical properties of Zn smelting slag after revegetation with eight plant rhizospheres for 5 years were improved compared to those of bulk slag. Revegetation significantly increased the microbial community diversity in plant rhizospheres, and at the phylum level, Proteobacteria, Acidobacteria, and Bacteroidetes were notably more abundant in rhizosphere slags than those in bulk waste slag...
March 14, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Sheng Huang, Jie Gao, Jiangfeng You, Yanan Liang, Kexing Guan, Siqi Yan, Meiqi Zhan, Zhenming Yang
Aluminum (Al) toxicity in acidic soils affects crop production worldwide. C2 H2 -type zinc finger transcription factor STOP1/ART1-mediated expression of Al tolerance genes has been shown to be important for Al resistance in Arabidopsis , rice and other crop plants. Here, we identified and characterized four STOP1-like proteins (SbSTOP1a, SbSTOP1b, SbSTOP1c, and SbSTOP1d) in sweet sorghum, a variant of grain sorghum ( Sorghum bicolor L.). Al induced the transcription of the four SbSTOP1 genes in both time- and Al concentration-dependent manners...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Min Hu, Shuwei Lv, Wenguang Wu, Yongcai Fu, Fengxia Liu, Bingbing Wang, Weiguo Li, Ping Gu, Hongwei Cai, Chuanqing Sun, Zuofeng Zhu
Plant architecture is a key agronomical factor determining crop yield, which has been a major target of cereal crop domestication. The plant architecture transition from the prostrate tiller of typical African wild rice (O. barthii) to the erect tiller of African cultivated rice (Oryza glaberrima) was a key step during African rice domestication. Here we show that PROG7 (PROSTRATE GROWTH 7), a zinc-finger transcription factor gene on chromosome 7, was required for the prostrate growth of African wild rice. Mutations in the promoter region of prog7 reduced the level of gene expression in the tiller base, leading to erect growth in African cultivated rice...
March 14, 2018: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
Chieun Song, Jimin Lee, Taeyoon Kim, Jong Chan Hong, Chae Oh Lim
Under normal growth conditions, Arabidopsis VOZ1 interacts with DREB2C and acts as a transcriptional repressor by reducing DNA binding of DREB2C. Under heat stress conditions, VOZ1 is degraded by ubiquitination, and DREB2C, which is freed from VOZ1, functions as a transcription activator. To investigate the mechanism by which the DEHYDRATION-RESPONSIVE ELEMENT-BINDING FACTOR 2C (DREB2C)-dependent signaling cascade regulates heat stress (HS) responses, we performed a yeast two-hybrid screening using the DREB2C APETALA2 (AP2) DNA-binding domain as the bait against a cDNA library derived from Arabidopsis...
March 13, 2018: Planta
Zhi Ran, Cheng Chen, Fabo Chen, Ming'an Liao, Lijin Lin, Xiulan Lv, Qunxian Deng, Xun Wang, Jin Wang, Yi Tang, Huaxiong Li
Plant hormones can improve the phytoremediation capabilities of heavy metal hyperaccumulator plants. In this study, different doses of indole-3-butytric acid (IBA) were sprayed on the leaves of the lead (Pb) and zinc (Zn) accumulator plant Pseudostellaria maximowicziana, which was planted in Pb-Zn contaminated soil, and the effects of IBA on Pb and Zn accumulation levels in P. maximowicziana were studied. Spraying 25- and 50-mg/L IBA doses increased the stem, leaf and shoot biomasses of P. maximowicziana compared with the control, while 75- and 100-mg/L IBA doses decreased them...
March 13, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Soisungwan Satarug
Cadmium (Cd) is a food-chain contaminant that has high rates of soil-to-plant transference. This phenomenon makes dietary Cd intake unavoidable. Although long-term Cd intake impacts many organ systems, the kidney has long been considered to be a critical target of its toxicity. This review addresses how measurements of Cd intake levels and its effects on kidneys have traditionally been made. These measurements underpin the derivation of our current toxicity threshold limit and tolerable intake levels for Cd...
March 10, 2018: Toxics
Qiang Zhang, Chuan Xia, Lichao Zhang, Chunhao Dong, Xu Liu, Xiuying Kong
Leaf senescence is an important agronomic trait that affects both crop yield and quality. In this study, we characterized a premature leaf senescence mutant of wheat ( Triticum aestivum L.) obtained by ethylmethane sulfonate (EMS) mutagenesis, named m68 . Genetic analysis showed that the leaf senescence phenotype of m68 is controlled by a single recessive nuclear gene. We compared the transcriptome of wheat leaves between the wild type (WT) and the m68 mutant at four time points. Differentially expressed gene (DEG) analysis revealed many genes that were closely related to senescence genes...
March 10, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Anastasia Amato, Xavier Lucas, Alessio Bortoluzzi, David Wright, Alessio Ciulli
Plant homeodomain (PHD) zinc fingers are histone reader domains that often associate with human diseases. Despite this, they constitute a poorly targeted class of readers, suggesting low ligandability. Here, we describe a successful fragment-based campaign targeting PHD fingers from the proteins BAZ2A and BAZ2B as model systems. We validated a pool of in silico fragments both biophysically and structurally and solved the first crystal structures of PHD zinc fingers in complex with fragments bound to an anchoring pocket at the histone binding site...
March 12, 2018: ACS Chemical Biology
Tsuyoshi Yamamoto, Sachiko Kashojiya, Saori Kamimura, Takato Kameyama, Tohru Ariizumi, Hiroshi Ezura, Kenji Miura
Genome editing technology using artificial nucleases, including zinc finger nuclease (ZFN), transcription activator-like effector nuclease (TALEN), and clustered regulatory interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)-Cas9, can mutagenize the target sites of genes of interest. This technology has been successfully applied in several crops, including the Solanaceae plants, such as tomato, potato, tobacco, and petunia. Among the three nucleases, CRISPR-Cas9 is the best for breeding, crop improvement, and the functional analysis of genes of interest, because of its simplicity and high efficiency...
March 2, 2018: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Mahalingam Anjugam, Baskaralingam Vaseeharan, Arokiadhas Iswarya, Narayanan Gobi, Mani Divya, Merlin P Thangaraj, Preetham Elumalai
Recently, several immunostimulants such as β-glucan, microbial and plant products have been used as dietary supplements to combat disease outbreaks in aquaculture. The present study investigates the potential of Portunus pelagicus β-1, 3 glucan binding protein based zinc oxide nanoparticles (Ppβ-GBP-ZnO NPs) supplemented diet on growth, immune response and disease resistance in Mozambique tilapia, Oreochromis mossambicus. The immune-related protein β-GBP was purified from the haemolymph of P. pelagicus using Sephadex G-100 affinity column chromatography...
March 5, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Xiaodong Shi, Yuxi Gu, Tingwei Dai, Yang Wu, Peng Wu, Ying Xu, Fang Chen
Trichomes are epidermal outgrowths of plant tissues that can secrete or store large quantities of secondary metabolites, which contribute to plant defense responses against stress. The use of bioengineering methods for regulating the development of trichomes and metabolism is a widely researched topic. In the present study, we demonstrate that JcZFP8, a C2H2 zinc finger protein gene from Jatropha curcas L., can regulate trichome development in transgenic tobacco. To understand the underlying mechanisms, we performed transcriptome profiling of overexpression JcZFP8 transgenic plants and wild-type tobacco...
March 5, 2018: Gene
Derrick D Brown
Vegetarianism provides a catchall term for a variety of diets that exclude the consumption of some or all animal products. Contrary to popular claims, appropriately designed and managed vegetarian diets contain foods nutritionally sufficient for health, well-being, and physical performance. Vegetarian dancers can meet their protein needs from primarily or exclusively (vegan) plant-based sources when a variety of these foods are consumed daily and energy intake is adequate. However, the quality and timing of dietary intake is of key importance to meet the physical demands typical of high intensity, intermittent types of dance styles...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Dance Medicine & Science
Sushil Kumar, Pratibha Choudhary, Mansi Gupta, Utpal Nath
In plants, endogenous and environmental signals such as light control the timing of the transition to flowering. Two phytochrome B-interacting transcription factors, VASCULAR PLANT ONE-ZINC FINGER1 (VOZ1) and VOZ2 redundantly promote flowering in Arabidopsis thaliana. In the voz1 voz2 mutant the expression of FLOWERING LOCUS C (FLC) was up-regulated and that of FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) was down-regulated, which was proposed to be the cause of late flowering in voz1 voz2. However, the detailed mechanism by which the VOZ genes promote flowering is not well understood...
March 5, 2018: Plant Physiology
Tariq Mahmood, Tamkeen Tahir, Faiza Munir, Zabta Khan Shinwari
Germins and germin-like proteins from cupin superfamily contribute resistance to heat denaturation, chemical degradation and against plant pathogens, further functions in plant growth and development. In this study, from three different Oryza sativa accessions KS-282 and Pak 7178 and Pak 7865, OsRGLP2 gene promoter region was amplified, sequenced and analyzed. Sequencing data was evaluated via different computational tools. The regulatory elements were predicted by Consite tool and mapping was done. Many transcription factors binding sites were discovered in OsRGLP2 gene promoter; among these factors, HFH-1 having a significant role in germination was picked for further investigation...
February 23, 2018: Computational Biology and Chemistry
Bruce G Marshall, Marcello M Veiga, Robert J Kaplan, Rebecca Adler Miserendino, Gary Schudel, Bridget A Bergquist, Jean R D Guimarães, Luis G S Sobral, Carolina Gonzalez-Mueller
In Portovelo in southern Ecuador, 87 gold processing centers along the Puyango-Tumbes River produce an estimated 6 tonnes of gold per annum using a combination of mercury amalgamation and/or cyanidation and processing poly-metallic ores. We analysed total Hg, Hg isotopes, total arsenic, cadmium, copper, lead and zinc in water and sediment along the Puyango in 2012-2014. The highest total mercury (THg) concentrations in sediments were found within a 40 km stretch downriver from the processing plants, with levels varying between 0...
March 1, 2018: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
Tolunay B Aydemir, Robert J Cousins
The SLC39A family of metal transporters was identified through homologies with the Zrt- and Irt-like (ZIP) proteins from yeast and plants. Of all the ZIP transporters, ZIP14 is arguably the most robustly characterized in terms of function at the integrative level. Mice with a global knockout of Zip14 are viable, thus providing the opportunity to conduct physiologic experiments. In mice, Zip14 expression is highly tissue specific, with the greatest abundance in the jejunum > liver > heart > kidney > white adipose tissue > skeletal muscle > spleen > pancreas...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
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