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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079866/outcomes-of-twin-pregnancies-complicated-by-gestational-diabetes-a-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#1
R T McGrath, S L Hocking, E S Scott, S K Seeho, G R Fulcher, S J Glastras
OBJECTIVE: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in singleton pregnancy is associated with large for gestational age neonates and adverse perinatal outcomes; however, the impact of GDM in twin pregnancy is unclear. Thus, the aim of this study is to assess the perinatal outcomes of twin pregnancies complicated by GDM by performing a meta-analysis of observational studies. STUDY DESIGN: Studies investigating GDM in twin pregnancy were identified through an online search of three databases: Medline, Embase and Web of Science...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077098/validity-of-gestational-age-estimates-by-last-menstrual-period-and-neonatal-examination-compared-to-ultrasound-in-vietnam
#2
Nicholas P Deputy, Phuong H Nguyen, Hoa Pham, Son Nguyen, Lynnette Neufeld, Reynaldo Martorell, Usha Ramakrishnan
BACKGROUND: Accurate estimation of gestational age is important for both clinical and public health purposes. Estimates of gestational age using fetal ultrasound measurements are considered most accurate but are frequently unavailable in low- and middle-income countries. The objective of this study was to assess the validity of last menstrual period and Farr neonatal examination estimates of gestational age, compared to ultrasound estimates, in a large cohort of women in Vietnam. METHODS: Data for this analysis come from a randomized, placebo-controlled micronutrient supplementation trial in Vietnam...
January 11, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076856/mri-differences-associated-with-intrauterine-growth-restriction-in-preterm-infants
#3
Christie J Bruno, Shreyans Bengani, William A Gomes, Mariana Brewer, Melissa Vega, Xianhong Xie, Mimi Kim, Mamta Fuloria
BACKGROUND: Preterm infants are at risk for neurodevelopmental impairment. Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) further increases this risk. Brain imaging studies are often utilized at or near term-equivalent age to determine later prognosis. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between intrauterine growth and regional brain volume on MRI scans performed in preterm infants at or near term-equivalent age. METHODS: This is a retrospective case-control study of 24 infants born at gestational age ≤30 weeks and cared for in a large, inner-city, academic neonatal intensive-care unit from 2012 to 2013...
January 11, 2017: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074994/-normoglycemic-diabetic-ketoacidosis-in-pregnancy-report-of-one-case
#4
Margarita Rivas M, Pamela Belmar Z, Pilar Durruty A, Lilian Sanhueza M, Gloria López S
Normoglycemic diabetic ketoacidosis should be suspected in pregnant women presenting nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and anorexia. We report a 39 years old woman with a 32 weeks pregnancy who sought emergency care due to hyperemesis. She was hospitalized with the following diagnoses: pregnancy hypertension syndrome, gestational diabetes, morbid obesity and poor prenatal control. The evaluation of the feto-placental unit showed perception of fetal movements, non-reactive non-stress baseline record and a biophysical profile of 6/8...
October 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074087/the-genetic-variation-rs6903956-in-the-novel-androgen-dependent-tissue-factor-pathway-inhibitor-regulating-protein-adtrp-gene-is-not-associated-with-levels-of-plasma-coagulation-factors-in-the-singaporean-chinese
#5
Xuling Chang, Hui-Lin Chin, Swee-Chye Quek, Daniel Y T Goh, Rajkumar Dorajoo, Yechiel Friedlander, Chew-Kiat Heng
BACKGROUND: Genome-wide association study (GWAS) has reported that rs6903956 within the first intron of androgen-dependent tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) regulating protein (ADTRP) gene is associated with coronary artery disease (CAD) risk in the Chinese population. Although ADTRP is believed to be involved in the upregulation of TFPI, the underlying mechanism involved is largely unknown. This study investigated the association of rs6903956 with plasma Factor VII coagulant activity (FVIIc) and fibrinogen levels, which are regulated by TFPI and are independent risk predictors for CAD...
2017: Thrombosis Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073106/surfactant-need-by-gestation-for-very-preterm-babies-initiated-on-early-nasal-cpap-a-danish-observational-multicentre-study-of-6-628-infants-born-2000-2013
#6
Rikke Wiingreen, Gorm Greisen, Finn Ebbesen, Jesper Padkær Petersen, Gitte Zachariassen, Tine Brink Henriksen, Bo Mølholm Hansen
BACKGROUND: In recent years, early nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) as respiratory support for preterm infants is being advocated as an alternative to prophylactic surfactant and treatment with mechanical ventilation. A number of infants treated with early nCPAP do not need treatment with surfactant, but few studies provide data on this. Since the 1990s, the first approach to respiratory support to preterm infants in Denmark has been early nCPAP combined with surfactant administration by the INSURE method by which the infant is intubated and surfactant administration is followed by rapid extubation to nCPAP if possible...
January 11, 2017: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067942/body-positioning-for-spontaneously-breathing-preterm-infants-with-apnoea
#7
REVIEW
Rami A Ballout, Jann P Foster, Lara A Kahale, Lina Badr
BACKGROUND: It has been proposed that body positioning in preterm infants, as compared with other, more invasive measures, may be an effective method of reducing clinically significant apnoea. OBJECTIVES: To determine effects of body positioning on cardiorespiratory parameters in spontaneously breathing preterm infants with clinically significant apnoea.Subgroup analyses examined effects of body positioning of spontaneously breathing preterm infants with apnoea from the following subgroups...
January 9, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065633/micronutrient-intake-is-inadequate-for-a-sample-of-pregnant-african-american-women
#8
Susan W Groth, Patricia A Stewart, Deborah J Ossip, Robert C Block, Nellie Wixom, I Diana Fernandez
BACKGROUND: Micronutrient intake is critical for fetal development and positive pregnancy outcomes. Little is known about the adequacy of micronutrient intake in pregnant African-American women. OBJECTIVE: To describe nutrient sufficiency and top food groups contributing to dietary intake of select micronutrients in low-income pregnant African-American women and determine whether micronutrient intake varies with early pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and/or gestational weight gain...
January 5, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062939/early-transverse-tubule-development-begins-in-utero-in-the-sheep-heart
#9
Michelle L Munro, Christian Soeller
The ventricular cardiomyocytes of adult mammals contain invaginations of the plasma membrane known as transverse (t)-tubules. These regular structures are essential for the synchronisation of excitation-contraction (EC) coupling throughout the cell, which is a vital process for cardiac function. T-tubules form a close association with the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) to form junctions, where several key proteins involved in EC coupling are localised, including the SR calcium release channels-the ryanodine receptors (RyR)...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Muscle Research and Cell Motility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058464/associations-between-high-birth-weight-being-large-for-gestational-age-and-high-blood-pressure-among-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Renata Kuciene, Virginija Dulskiene, Jurate Medzioniene
PURPOSE: Low birth weight and being small for gestational age are associated with increased risk of cardiometabolic diseases. However, the results from the studies examining the associations between high birth weight (HBW), being large for gestational age (LGA), and high blood pressure (HBP) are inconsistent. The aim of this study was to evaluate the associations between HBW and being LGA alone and in combinations with body mass index (BMI) categories in adolescence and HBP among Lithuanian adolescents aged 12-15 years...
January 5, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056983/influence-of-endometrial-thickness-on-treatment-outcomes-following-in-vitro-fertilization-intracytoplasmic-sperm-injection
#11
Ning-Zhao Ma, Lei Chen, Wei Dai, Zhi-Qin Bu, Lin-Li Hu, Ying-Pu Sun
BACKGROUND: The study was designed to investigate the roles of endometrial thickness (EMT) at the day of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) administration on pregnancy outcomes in a large patient population. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included 9,952 patients undergoing their first IVF/ICSI with autologous oocytes from January 2011 to January 2015. Patients were divided into three groups based on the EMT (group A:≤8 mm; group B: 9-14 mm and group C:≥15 mm)...
January 5, 2017: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056406/the-impact-of-maternal-factors-on-the-association-between-temperature-and-preterm-delivery
#12
Rupa Basu, Hong Chen, De-Kun Li, Lyndsay A Avalos
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined maternal modifiers of temperature and adverse birth outcomes because of lack of data. We assessed the relationship between apparent temperature, preterm delivery (PTD) and maternal demographics, medical and mental health conditions, and behaviors. METHODS: A time-stratified case-crossover analysis was conducted using 14,466 women who had a PTD (20 to less than 37 gestational weeks) from 1995 to 2009 using medical records from a large health maintenance organization in Northern California...
January 2, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054353/factors-related-to-pregnancy-and-birth-and-the-risk-of-childhood-brain-tumours-the-estelle-and-escale-studies-sfce-france
#13
Helen D Bailey, Paula Rios, Brigitte Lacour, Lea Guerrini-Rousseau, Anne-Isabelle Bertozzi, Pierre Leblond, Cécile Faure-Conter, Isabelle Pellier, Claire Freycon, Jean Michon, Stéphanie Puget, Stéphane Ducassou, Laurent Orsi, Jacqueline Clavel
Little is known of the causes of childhood brain tumors (CBT). The aims of this study were to investigate whether extremes of birth weight were associated with increased risk of CBT and whether maternal pre-conceptional folic acid supplementation or breastfeeding reduced the risk. In addition, other maternal characteristics and birth related factors were also investigated. We pooled data from two French national population-based case-control studies with similar designs conducted in 2003-2004 and 2010-2011...
January 5, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053673/diagnostic-protocol-for-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-gdm-iadpsg-ada-2011-influence-on-the-occurrence-of-gdm-and-mild-gestational-hyperglycemia-mgh-and-on-the-perinatal-outcomes
#14
Mariana Pinto Sirimarco, Helena Maciel Guerra, Eduardo Guimarães Lisboa, Joice Monalisa Vernini, Bianca Nicolosi Cassetari, Roberto Antonio de Araujo Costa, Marilza Vieira Cunha Rudge, Iracema de Mattos Paranhos Calderon
BACKGROUND: In August 2011, the Specialized Center for Diabetes and Pregnancy of the Botucatu Medical School/Unesp adopted a new diagnostic protocol for gestational diabetes mellitus, recommended by the American Diabetes Association and the International Association of the Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Group. The glycemic profile was evaluated using the 75-g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) used to diagnose mild gestational hyperglycemia, recognized and treated in our department as gestational diabetes mellitus...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050900/planned-early-birth-versus-expectant-management-waiting-for-prelabour-rupture-of-membranes-at-term-37-weeks-or-more
#15
REVIEW
Philippa Middleton, Emily Shepherd, Vicki Flenady, Rosemary D McBain, Caroline A Crowther
BACKGROUND: Prelabour rupture of membranes (PROM) at term is managed expectantly or by planned early birth. It is not clear if waiting for birth to occur spontaneously is better than intervening, e.g. by inducing labour. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review is to assess the effects of planned early birth (immediate intervention or intervention within 24 hours) when compared with expectant management (no planned intervention within 24 hours) for women with term PROM on maternal, fetal and neonatal outcomes...
January 4, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046205/dietary-advice-interventions-in-pregnancy-for-preventing-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#16
REVIEW
Joanna Tieu, Emily Shepherd, Philippa Middleton, Caroline A Crowther
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a form of diabetes occurring during pregnancy which can result in short- and long-term adverse outcomes for women and babies. With an increasing prevalence worldwide, there is a need to assess strategies, including dietary advice interventions, that might prevent GDM. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of dietary advice interventions for preventing GDM and associated adverse health outcomes for women and their babies...
January 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044196/maternal-fasting-glycemia-and-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-in-a-mediterranean-population
#17
G Sesmilo, E Meler, V Perea, I Rodríguez, A Rodríguez-Melcón, M Guerrero, B Serra
AIMS: The hyperglycemia and adverse pregnancy outcome study demonstrated a continuous association between fasting plasma glucose (FPG) levels below those diagnostic of diabetes and adverse neonatal outcomes. We aimed to investigate whether the same association was found in a Mediterranean population. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of singleton pregnancies attended at our Hospital between 2008 and 2015 (n = 5203). FPG was evaluated in the second trimester, and it was divided into 7 categories (1 < 75, 2 75-79, 3 80-84, 4 85-89, 5 90-94, 6 95-99 and 7 100-124 mg/dL)...
January 3, 2017: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028773/86-successful-births-and-9-ongoing-pregnancies-worldwide-in-women-transplanted-with-frozen-thawed-ovarian-tissue-focus-on-birth-and-perinatal-outcome-in-40-of-these-children
#18
Annette Klüver Jensen, Kirsten Tryde Macklon, Jens Fedder, Erik Ernst, Peter Humaidan, Claus Yding Andersen
PURPOSE: This study aims to make an account of the children born following transplantation of frozen-thawed ovarian tissue worldwide with specific focus on the perinatal outcome of the children. Furthermore, perinatal outcome of seven deliveries (nine children) from Denmark is reported. METHODS: PubMed was searched for papers of deliveries resulting from ovarian tissue cryopreservation (OTC). Seven women underwent OTC prior to chemotherapy. Four of these women still had low ovarian function and had tried to conceive...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018330/porcine-epidemic-diarrhea-virus-shedding-and-antibody-response-in-swine-farms-a-longitudinal-study
#19
Cristina Bertasio, Enrico Giacomini, Massimiliano Lazzaro, Simona Perulli, Alice Papetti, Antonio Lavazza, Davide Lelli, Giovanni Alborali, Maria B Boniotti
The porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) causes an acute and highly contagious enteric disease characterized by severe enteritis, vomiting, watery diarrhea, and a high mortality rate in seronegative neonatal piglets. In the last few years, PED had a large economic impact on the swine industries in Asia and the US, and in 2014, the PEDV also re-emerged in Europe. Two main PEDV variants circulate worldwide but only the S INDEL variant, considered a mild strain, is spreading in Europe. To gain insights into the pathogenicity of this variant, its viral load and temporal shedding pattern were evaluated in piglets from infected farms...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012695/birth-weight-for-gestational-age-anthropometric-measures-and-cardiovascular-disease-markers-in-children
#20
Stefan Kuhle, Bryan Maguire, Nicole Ata, Natasha MacInnis, Linda Dodds
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association of birth weight for gestational age with anthropometric measures and cardiometabolic markers in a population-based sample of Canadian children. STUDY DESIGN: The study used data from 2016 children aged 6-12 years from the first 2 cycles of the Canadian Health Measures Survey, a population-based survey of Canadian residents. The main exposure was birth weight for gestational age (small [SGA], large [LGA], and appropriate for gestational age [AGA])...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
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