keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

oncologic reconstruction

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166684/-implantation-of-a-modular-distal-femoral-replacement-with-compressive-osseointegration-as-a-salvage-procedure-in-a-complex-femoral-posttraumatic-setting
#1
Anna Janine Schreiner, Peter Marten de Zwart, Christian Arnscheidt, Ulrich Stöckle, Björn Gunnar Ochs
Background Large bone defects and losses play a crucial role in both tumour surgery and in complex primary and revision total knee replacement. The established options of cemented or uncemented long intramedullary stems are limited by large bone defects and are at risk from relatively high exposure to aseptic loosening. There is no general valid agreement on implant fixation of the distal femur. A further option is the cementless fixation method with compressive osseointegration, based on the so-called Wolff law of bone remodelling...
November 22, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166347/prepectoral-breast-reconstruction-the-breast-surgeon-s-perspective
#2
Toni Storm-Dickerson, Noemi Sigalove
Prepectoral breast reconstruction has been reemerging as a technique for postmastectomy implant-based reconstruction. Due to its advantage in eliminating animation deformity, shortening length of hospital stay and decreasing the amount of narcotics used for pain control, the technique has been embraced by patients and surgeons alike. The authors examined the breast surgeon's perspective regarding prepectoral reconstruction taking into consideration oncologic criteria, breast cancer recurrence, surgical technique, and the team approach to patient care...
December 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166342/important-considerations-for-performing-prepectoral-breast-reconstruction
#3
Hani Sbitany
Prepectoral breast reconstruction has emerged as an excellent technique for postmastectomy reconstruction, as it allows for full preservation of a patient's pectoralis major muscle and chest wall function. This reduces pain, eliminates animation deformity, and results in high patient satisfaction. Safely performed prepectoral breast reconstruction requires a careful patient selection process before committing to the procedure, taking into account comorbidities, radiation status, and oncologic criteria such as tumor location and breast cancer stage...
December 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166313/the-perineal-turnover-perforator-flap-a-new-and-simple-technique-for-perineal-reconstruction-after-extralevator-abdominoperineal-excision
#4
Maria Chasapi, Mohamed Maher, Peter Mitchell, Milind Dalal
BACKGROUND: Extralevator abdominoperineal excision (ELAPE) is increasingly used to treat locally advanced low rectal cancer as it has been related to superior oncological outcomes than traditional abdominoperineal excision.However, ELAPE also has been associated with high perineal wound morbidity rates as it creates a larger perineal cavity than standard abdominoperineal excision. This greater defect, along with the effects of preoperative chemoradiation on wound healing, makes uneventful perineal reconstruction post-ELAPE a real challenge for the plastic surgeon...
November 21, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166308/an-evaluation-of-the-choice-for-contralateral-prophylactic-mastectomy-and-patient-concerns-about-recurrence-in-a-reconstructed-cohort
#5
Ian C Sando, Jessica I Billig, Shoshana W Ambani, Casey T Kraft, Kelley M Kidwell, Lin Zhong, Kevin C Chung, Adeyiza O Momoh
BACKGROUND: Rising contralateral prophylactic mastectomy rates are a subject of national concern. This study assessed (1) factors critical to patients when deciding on contralateral prophylactic mastectomy and (2) patients' quality of life related to concerns about recurrence after unilateral or bilateral breast reconstruction. METHODS: Patients with stage 0 to III breast cancer who underwent unilateral mastectomy or contralateral prophylactic mastectomy and breast reconstruction at a single institution between 2000 and 2012 were identified...
November 21, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165415/-the-potential-of-ectoprosthetics-in-rehabilitation-of-patients-with-orbital-pathology
#6
E N Verigo, I A Filatova, O N Tkachenko
AIM: rectification of indications and contraindications for ectoprosthetics and exploration of its potential as a modern rehabilitation modality. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Here are summarized the results of 89 cases of facial reconstruction with prosthetic means in trauma patients and those who had had congenital or oncological pathology and in whom other methods of rehabilitation were unable to remedy the defect within the orbital region. RESULTS: The indications and contraindications for facial prosthetics as well as the conditions, under which this type of medical and social rehabilitation can be carried out, were clarified...
2017: Vestnik Oftalmologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151798/how-to-deal-with-penile-carcinoma-inguinal-metastases-invading-femoral-vessels
#7
Marius Fodor, Bogdan Petrut, Lucian Fodor
Penile cancer accounts for 1-10% of men neoplastic diseases and 30-60% of patients have inguinal metastases at the time of diagnosis. Inguinal metastases of penile cancer with femoral vessel involvement could lead to vascular fistula and hemorrhagic shock. We present 3 consecutive patients with inguinal metastases of penile cancer complicated by infection and hemorrhage from femoral vessels invaded by the tumor. Simultaneous extra-anatomical axillo-femoral bypass graft, wide excision of tumor and groin defect reconstruction was used to achieve "tumor-free" oncologic aim and to save the lower limb...
2017: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146179/soft-palate-reconstruction-after-radionecrosis-combined-anterolateral-thigh-adipofascial-and-nasoseptal-flaps
#8
Joseph Zenga, Jeffrey D Sharon, Jennifer Gross, Jay Gantz, Patrik Pipkorn
Although radiation-based treatment for nasopharyngeal cancer may achieve excellent long term oncologic results, late effects of therapy may lead to soft tissue radionecrosis and velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI). Repair of these oro- and nasopharyngeal defects presents a complex reconstructive challenge. We present a case of a long-term survivor treated with chemoradiotherapy for nasopharyngeal cancer who developed progressive dysphagia, velopharyngeal insufficiency, and radionecrosis of the nasopharynx and soft palate, leading to tracheostomy and gastrostomy tube dependence...
November 13, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139613/nipple-sparing-mastectomy-as-treatment-for-patients-with-ductal-carcinoma-in%C3%A2-situ-a-10-year-follow-up-study
#9
Víctor Lago, Vincenzo Maisto, Julia Gimenez-Climent, Jose Vila, Carlos Vazquez, Rafael Estevan
The objective was to determine the 10-year oncological safety of nipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM) in patients diagnosed with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS). The use of NSM preserves the nipple-areola complex (NAC). As residual fibroglandular breast tissue can remain behind the spared NAC, its use for patient with breast cancer is controversial. The oncologic outcomes and complication rates after performing NSM compared to other techniques are still under debate and a concern when treating patients with breast cancer...
November 15, 2017: Breast Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135363/total-and-subtotal-laparoscopic-gastrectomy-for-the-treatment-of-advanced-gastric-cancer-morbidity-and-oncological-outcomes
#10
Stefano Olmi, Riccardo Giorgi, Stefano Piero Bernardo Cioffi, Matteo Uccelli, Roberta Villa, Francesca Ciccarese, Bruno Scotto, Giorgio Castello, Gianluca Legnani, Giovanni Cesana
BACKGROUND: A debate is still surrounding the use of laparoscopic surgery for advanced gastric cancer (AGC) related to doubts about the requirements to satisfy oncologic criteria. The aim of this study is to analyze the oncological results, the intraoperative complications, and the short- and medium-term morbidity and mortality in patients with AGC who underwent subtotal laparoscopic gastrectomy (SLG) or total laparoscopic gastrectomy (TLG) with extended lymphadenectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed medical records of patients who underwent radical gastrectomy for AGC started laparoscopically with the intent of curative surgery, between July 2007 and October 2015...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127998/spectral-computed-tomography-technique-and-applications-for-head-and-neck-cancer
#11
REVIEW
Almudena Pérez-Lara, Reza Forghani
Spectral computed tomography (CT) or dual-energy CT (DECT) is an advanced form of CT with increasing applications in head and neck radiology. This article provides an overview of the DECT technique and reviews current applications for the evaluation of neck pathology, focusing on oncologic applications. Included are an overview of the basic underlying principles and approaches for DECT scan acquisition and material characterization; a discussion of various DECT reconstructions and a brief overview of practical issues pertaining to DECT implementation, including those related to workflow impact of DECT; and a discussion of various applications of DECT for the evaluation of the neck, especially in oncology...
February 2018: Magnetic Resonance Imaging Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124365/change-in-reimbursement-and-costs-in-german-oncological-head-and-neck-surgery-over-the-last-decade-ablative-tongue-cancer-surgery-and-reconstruction-with-split-thickness-skin-graft-vs-microvascular-radial-forearm-flap
#12
Sebastian Hoefert, Oliver Lotter
OBJECTIVES: Defects after ablative tongue cancer surgery can be reconstructed by split-thickness skin grafts or free microvascular flaps. The different surgical options may influence costs, reimbursement, and therefore possible profits. Our goal was to analyze the development of these parameters for different procedures in head and neck reconstruction in Germany over the last decade. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After tumor resection and neck dissection of tongue cancer, three different scenarios were chosen to calculate costs, reimbursement, length of stay (LoS), and profits...
November 9, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123356/translational-research-in-oncology-implications-for-palliative-care
#13
Arunangshu Ghoshal
The label "translational research" (TR) has become ever more popular in the biomedical domain in recent years. It is usually presented as an attempt to bridge a supposed gap between knowledge produced at the laboratory bench and its use at the clinical bedside. This is claimed to help society harvest the benefits of its investments in scientific research. The past decade has witnessed a remarkable acceleration in the pace of translational cancer medicine - genome sequencing of various human cancers has been broadly deployed in drug discovery programs, diagnostic tests have been developed to predict molecularly targeted anticancer agents, advent of cancer immunotherapies, an enhanced appreciation of the complex interactions that exist between tumor cells and their microenvironment have revolutionized the management of cancers...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122486/trapezius-flaps-for-reconstruction-of-head-and-neck-defects-following-oncological-resection-a-systematic-review
#14
Conor M Sugrue, Grainne Rooney, Ryan M Sugrue
OBJECTIVE: Head and neck (H&N) reconstruction after cancer resection is challenging. Myocutaneous trapezius flaps provide an alternative reconstruction for patients not suitable for microvascular free tissue transfer. METHODS: A systematic review was performed on studies involving trapezius flaps for H&N reconstruction post oncological resection between the years 1985-2015. Data extracted included patient numbers and demographics, operative technique and complications...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122305/reconstruction-of-cranioplasty-using-medpor-porouspolyethylene-implant
#15
B Marlier, J-C Kleiber, M Bannwarth, E Theret, C Eap, C F Litre
INTRODUCTION: We describe our experience of cranioplasty after a calvarial defect, following an external decompressive craniectomy, with the Medpor(®) (Stryker(®)) porous polyethylene implant for cosmetic cranioplasty and reconstruction. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on 23 consecutive patients who underwent cranioplasty at a single institution between January 2013 and January 2016: 9 patients after head injury and 14 patients after vascular event (ruptured aneurysm, intraprenchymal haematoma, malignant cerebrovascular accident)...
November 6, 2017: Neuro-Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119237/impact-of-improved-attenuation-correction-featuring-a-bone-atlas-and-truncation-correction-on-pet-quantification-in-whole-body-pet-mr
#16
Mark Oehmigen, Maike E Lindemann, Marcel Gratz, Julian Kirchner, Verena Ruhlmann, Lale Umutlu, Jan Ole Blumhagen, Matthias Fenchel, Harald H Quick
PURPOSE: Recent studies have shown an excellent correlation between PET/MR and PET/CT hybrid imaging in detecting lesions. However, a systematic underestimation of PET quantification in PET/MR has been observed. This is attributable to two methodological challenges of MR-based attenuation correction (AC): (1) lack of bone information, and (2) truncation of the MR-based AC maps (μmaps) along the patient arms. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of improved AC featuring a bone atlas and truncation correction on PET quantification in whole-body PET/MR...
November 9, 2017: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113411/pancreatoduodenectomy-combined-with-portal-superior-mesenteric-vein-resection-and-reconstruction-with-interposition-grafts-for-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#17
Wei Song, Qifan Yang, Linghui Chen, Qiang Sun, Dongkai Zhou, Song Ye, Zhenhua Hu, Liming Wu, Liming Feng, Shusen Zheng, Weilin Wang
The use of interposition grafts for portal-superior mesenteric vein (PV-SMV) reconstruction during pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) with venous resection (VR) for localized periampullary tumors is a controversial topic. The present meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the perioperative and long-term outcomes in patients who received interposition grafts for PV-SMV reconstruction after PD with VR. The correlative databases were systematically searched to identify relevant trials comparing vein grafts versus no vein grafts during PD with VR...
October 6, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112544/european-guidelines-on-perioperative-venous-thromboembolism-prophylaxis-day-surgery-and-fast-track-surgery
#18
Linas Venclauskas, Juan V Llau, Jean-Yves Jenny, Per Kjaersgaard-Andersen, Øivind Jans
: In recent years, day surgery and fast-track surgery have experienced a continuous increase in volume. Many procedures are now performed on an outpatient protocol, including general, orthopaedic, oncological, reconstructive or vascular surgery. The management of these patients is safe, but the incidence of venous thromboembolism in this population remains unknown. Several risk factors can be identified and stratified derived from studies of inpatient surgical management (e.g. Caprini score). Recommendations for thromboprophylaxis should be tailored from the assessment of both personal and procedure-related risk factors, although with a lack of evidence for application in outpatient management...
November 6, 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108960/perioperative-morbidity-bowel-function-and-oncologic-outcome-after-radical-cystectomy-and-ileal-orthotopic-neobladder-reconstruction-studer-pouch-versus-i-pouch
#19
Johannes Mischinger, Mohamed F Abdelhafez, Steffen Rausch, Tilman Todenhöfer, Eva Neumann, Stefan Aufderklamm, Arnulf Stenzl, Georgios Gakis
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the length of ileum used for ileal orthotopic neobladder (ONB) reconstruction (60 cm vs. 40 cm) after radical cystectomy (RC) for bladder cancer (BC) impacts on bowel function, postoperative complications or survival outcome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, we included 56 patients who received an ONB (Studer (S)-Pouch: 23 patients; I-Pouch: 33 patients) after RC for BC between 2003 and 2011. Preoperative comorbidities were assessed by the Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) and surgical complications as graded by the Clavien-Dindo classification...
October 20, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107433/-use-of-indocyanine-green-angiography-in-oncological-and-reconstructive-breast-surgery
#20
S Struk, J-F Honart, Q Qassemyar, N Leymarie, B Sarfati, H Alkhashnam, C Mazouni, F Rimareix, F Kolb
The Indocyanine green (ICG) is a soluble dye that is eliminated by the liver and excreted in bile. When illuminated by an near-infrared light, the ICG emits fluorescence in the near-infrared spectrum, which can be captured by a near-infrared camera-handled device. In case of intravenous injection, ICG may be used as a marker of skin perfusion. In case of interstitial injection, it may be useful for lymphatic network mapping. In oncological and reconstructive breast surgery, ICG is used for sentinel lymph node identification, to predict mastectomy skin flap necrosis, to assess the perfusion of free flaps in autologous reconstruction and for diagnosis and treatment of upper limb secondary lymphedema...
October 26, 2017: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
keyword
keyword
97270
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"