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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243805/interactive-media-as-a-tool-for-reducing-waiting-anxiety-at-paediatric-rehabilitation-hospitals-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Elaine Biddiss, Tara Joy Knibbe, Darcy Fehlings, Patricia Mckeever, Ashley Cohen, Amy Mcpherson
AIM: To investigate the efficacy of waiting room media for reducing anxiety and increasing satisfaction at a paediatric rehabilitation hospital. METHOD: In this clustered, parallel, randomized controlled trial, 310 young people with disabilities (age range 5-19y) and their parents attending outpatient clinics were assigned to interactive media (n=113), a silent nature video (n=97), or media-free comparison (n=100) groups. Young person and parent anxiety was reported using the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) on arrival and after 10 minutes in the waiting space...
December 15, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171980/effectiveness-of-neuro-developmental-treatment-bobath-concept-on-postural-control-and-balance-in-cerebral-palsied-children
#2
Fatih Tekin, Erdogan Kavlak, Ugur Cavlak, Filiz Altug
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to show the effects of an 8-week Neurodevelopmental Treatment based posture and balance training on postural control and balance in diparetic and hemiparetic Cerebral Palsied children (CPC). METHODS: Fifteen CPC (aged 5-15 yrs) were recruited from Denizli Yağmur Çocukları Rehabilitation Centre. Gross Motor Function Classification System, Gross Motor Function Measure, 1-Min Walking Test, Modified Timed Up and Go Test, Paediatric Balance Scale, Functional Independence Measure for Children and Seated Postural Control Measure were used for assessment before and after treatment...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130816/the-role-of-perceived-family-social-support-and-parental-solicitous-responses-in-adjustment-to-bothersome-pain-in-young-people-with-physical-disabilities
#3
Jordi Miró, Rocío de la Vega, Kevin J Gertz, Mark P Jensen, Joyce M Engel
PURPOSE: Family social support and parental solicitous responses have been hypothesised to play an important role in paediatric pain. However, research testing the hypothesised associations between these social domains and measures of adjustment to pain in youths with disabilities and chronic pain is non-existent. METHODS: About 111 youths with physical disabilities and bothersome pain were interviewed and asked to complete measures of average pain intensity, pain interference, family social support, parent solicitous responding, and catastrophising...
November 12, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127227/protocol-for-hospital-based-surveillance-of-cerebral-palsy-cp-in-hanoi-using-the-paediatric-active-enhanced-disease-surveillance-mechanism-paeds-vietnam-a-study-towards-developing-hospital-based-disease-surveillance-in-vietnam
#4
Gulam Khandaker, Nguyen Van Bang, Trịnh Quang Dũng, Nguyen Thi Huong Giang, Cao Minh Chau, Nguyen Thi Van Anh, Nguyen Van Thuong, Nadia Badawi, Elizabeth J Elliott
INTRODUCTION: The epidemiology, pathogenesis, management and outcomes of cerebral palsy (CP) in low-income and middle-income countries including Vietnam are unknown because of the lack of mechanisms for standardised collection of data. In this paper, we outline the protocol for developing a hospital-based surveillance system modelled on the Paediatric Active Enhanced Disease Surveillance (PAEDS) system in Australia. Using PAEDS-Vietnam we will define the aetiology, motor function and its severity, associated impairments, and nutritional and rehabilitation status of children with CP in Hanoi, Vietnam...
November 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106884/impact-of-socioeconomic-factors-on-paediatric-cochlear-implant-outcomes
#5
Shalabh Sharma, Khyati Bhatia, Satinder Singh, Asish Kumar Lahiri, Asha Aggarwal
OBJECTIVES: The study was aimed at evaluating the impact of certain socioeconomic factors such as family income, level of parents' education, distance between the child's home and auditory verbal therapy clinic, and age of the child at implantation on postoperative cochlear implant outcomes. METHODS: Children suffering from congenital bilateral profound sensorineural hearing loss and a chronologic age of 4 years or younger at the time of implantation were included in the study...
November 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106861/laryngotracheal-reconstruction-and-swallowing-a-review
#6
REVIEW
Jennifer F Ha, Lynn Driver, David A Zopf
OBJECTIVES: Significant advances in laryngotracheal reconstruction over the last few decades have revolutionised the management of paediatric patients with complex congenital or acquired airway stenosis. The primary aim of laryngotracheal reconstruction has focused primarily on airway and surgery specific outcomes, often at the expense of voice, as well as swallowing function, which are all intricately related. There is currently a paucity of data on swallowing outcome. The goal of this paper is to review and discuss the existing research on the impact of laryngotracheal on swallowing...
November 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105865/oral-medication-prescription-practices-of-tertiary-based-specialists-for-dystonia-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#7
Adrienne Harvey, Dinah Reddihough, Adam Scheinberg, Katrina Williams
AIM: To examine current clinical practice for prescribing medications for children with dystonic cerebral palsy (CP) by medical doctors working at a tertiary care centre. METHODS: Rehabilitation and developmental paediatric specialists completed: (i) a custom-designed online cross-sectional survey capturing their usual prescribing patterns; and (ii) one-page questionnaires detailing medication prescription for each child with CP who they started on a new medication for dystonia over a 12-month period...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092651/virtual-community-centre-for-power-wheelchair-training-experience-of-children-and-clinicians
#8
Caryne Torkia, Stephen E Ryan, Denise Reid, Patrick Boissy, Martin Lemay, François Routhier, Resi Contardo, Janet Woodhouse, Phillipe S Archambault
PURPOSE: To: 1) characterize the overall experience in using the McGill immersive wheelchair - community centre (miWe-CC) simulator; and 2) investigate the experience of presence (i.e., sense of being in the virtual rather than in the real, physical environment) while driving a PW in the miWe-CC. METHOD: A qualitative research design with structured interviews was used. Fifteen clinicians and 11 children were interviewed after driving a power wheelchair (PW) in the miWe-CC simulator...
November 2, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089059/effective-induction-therapy-for-anti-srp-associated-myositis-in-childhood-a-small-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#9
E L Binns, E Moraitis, S Maillard, S Tansley, N McHugh, T S Jacques, L R Wedderburn, C Pilkington, S A Yasin, K Nistala
BACKGROUND: Anti-Signal Recognition Particle associated myopathy is a clinically and histopathologically distinct subgroup of Juvenile Idiopathic Inflammatory Myositis, which is under-recognised in children and fails to respond to conventional first line therapies. We present three cases where remission was successfully induced using combination therapy with intensive rehabilitation. CASE PRESENTATIONS: Three new patients are reported. All 3 cases presented with profound, rapid-onset, proximal myopathy and markedly raised CK, but no rash...
October 31, 2017: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072542/a-critical-review-of-hearing-aid-single-microphone-noise-reduction-studies-in-adults-and-children
#10
Foong Yen Chong, Lorienne M Jenstad
PURPOSE: Single-microphone noise reduction (SMNR) is implemented in hearing aids to suppress background noise. The purpose of this article was to provide a critical review of peer-reviewed studies in adults and children with sensorineural hearing loss who were fitted with hearing aids incorporating SMNR. METHOD: Articles published between 2000 and 2016 were searched in PUBMED and EBSCO databases. RESULTS: Thirty-two articles were included in the final review...
October 26, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058559/evaluation-of-an-active-rehabilitation-program-for-concussion-management-in-children-and-adolescents
#11
Danielle M Dobney, Lisa Grilli, Helen Kocilowicz, Christine Beaulieu, Meghan Straub, Debbie Friedman, Isabelle Gagnon
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the extent to which post-concussion symptoms were influenced by participation in an Active Rehabilitation (AR) program (aerobic exercise, coordination drills, visualization and education) for children and adolescents who are slow to recover from concussion. A secondary exploratory objective included examining the influence of sex on symptom evolution. METHODS: Analysis of prospectively collected data was performed on 277 youth who initiated an AR program, between three and four weeks post-injury at a Concussion Clinic in a tertiary care paediatric teaching hospital...
2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025322/auditory-and-cognitive-development-in-a-partially-deaf-child-with-bilateral-electro-acoustic-stimulation-a-case-study
#12
Josef Seebacher, Franz Muigg, Natalie Fischer, Viktor Weichbold, Kurt Stephan, Patrick Zorowka, Harald R Bliem, Joachim Schmutzhard
OBJECTIVE: To study the long-term evolution of speech and intelligence in a child with partial deafness and normal hearing in the low frequencies after sequentially receiving cochlear implants in both ears. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. STUDY SAMPLE: Male child aged 6 years was followed over a time period of four years. RESULTS: The paediatric patient had normal hearing up to 1 kHz and profound hearing loss at all higher frequencies symmetrical in both ears...
October 12, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994623/exploring-functional-outcomes-and-allied-health-staffing-levels-in-an-inpatient-paediatric-rehabilitation-unit
#13
Penelope J Ireland, Amanda Francis, Shani Jackman, Kim McLennan
PURPOSE: This study provides data from a paediatric tertiary hospital on the length of stay, functional improvement and allied health workload for children and adolescents on active inpatient rehabilitation programs. METHODS: An audit was conducted of records of patients managed through an inpatient rehabilitation program at a 359 bed tertiary children's hospital in Brisbane, Australia between December 2014 and December 2015. Data relating to diagnosis, length of stay, functional change, occasions of allied health service and hours of patient attributable allied health professional time were collected...
October 10, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951509/from-disability-to-ability-comprehensive-rehabilitation-providing-a-holistic-functional-improvement-in-a-child-with-neglected-neural-tube-defect
#14
Kriti Mishra, V Siddharth
Neural Tube defects are one of the most common congenital disorders, presenting in a paediatric rehabilitation set-up. With its wide spectrum of clinical presentation and possible complications, the condition can significantly impact an individual's functional capacity and quality of life. The condition also affects the family of the child leaving them with a lifelong impairment to cope up with. Through this 16-year-old child, we shed light on the effects of providing rehabilitation, even at a later stage and its benefits...
September 25, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929518/reliability-and-validity-of-the-korean-language-version-of-the-communication-function-classification-system-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#15
J Y Choi, E H Hwang, D Rha, E S Park
PURPOSE: The Communication Function Classification System (CFCS) and Viking Speech Scale (VSS) are useful systems for describing the broad communication function and speech intelligibility, respectively, of children with cerebral palsy (CP). The aims of this study were to determine the reliability and validity of the Korean version of the CFCS and also to investigate the association between the CFCS and the VSS and other functional classifications for children with CP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants were 50 children with CP (33 males, 17 females; mean age 7...
September 20, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922710/paediatric-mild-head-injury-is-routine-admission-to-a-tertiary-trauma-hospital-necessary
#16
Krishna Tallapragada, Ratna Soundarya Peddada, Mark Dexter
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that children with isolated linear skull fractures have excellent clinical outcomes and low risk of surgery. We wish to identify other injury patterns within the spectrum of paediatric mild head injury, which need only conservative management. Children with low risk of evolving neurosurgical lesions could be safely managed in primary hospitals. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed all children with mild head injury (i.e. admission Glasgow coma score 13-15) and skull fracture or haematoma on a head computed tomography scan admitted to Westmead Children's Hospital, Sydney over the years 2009-2014...
September 18, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922022/implementing-a-collaborative-coaching-intervention-for-professionals-providing-care-to-children-and-their-families-an-exploratory-study
#17
Sandy K Tatla, Dori Howard, Alda Antunes Silvestre, Stacey Burnes, Meghan Husson, Tal Jarus
The growing complexity of healthcare requires family and interprofessional partnerships to deliver effective care. Interprofessional coaching can enhance family-centred practice and collaboration. The purpose of this study was to explore the acceptability and feasibility of collaborative coaching training to improve family centredness within acute paediatric rehabilitation. Using a participatory action design, service providers (SPs; n = 36) underwent a 6-month coaching programme involving coaching workshops, learning triads, and tailored sessions with a licensed coach...
September 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920511/a-feasibility-study-of-working-memory-training-for-individuals-with-paediatric-onset-multiple-sclerosis
#18
Christine Till, Bravina Kuni, Elisea De Somma, E Ann Yeh, Brenda Banwell
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility and experiences of paediatric-onset multiple sclerosis (MS) patients completing a working memory training programme. METHODS: Nine paediatric-onset MS patients (mean age 19.3 ± 4.1 years) identified as having attention and/or working memory difficulties underwent a five-week (five days/week) internet-based working memory training programme (Cogmed™); weekly coaching was provided. Measures of adherence and tolerance were used to establish the feasibility of implementing computerised cognitive training...
September 18, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912165/holistic-care-of-complicated-tuberculosis-in-healthcare-settings-with-limited-resources
#19
Trevor Duke, Sharon Kasa Tom, Harry Poka, Henry Welch
In recent years, most of the focus on improving the quality of paediatric care in low-income countries has been on improving primary care using the Integrated Management of Childhood Illness, and improving triage and emergency treatment in hospitals aimed at reducing deaths in the first 24 hours. There has been little attention paid to improving the quality of care for children with chronic or complex diseases. Children with complicated forms of tuberculosis (TB), including central nervous system and chronic pulmonary TB, provide examples of acute and chronic multisystem paediatric illnesses that commonly present to district-level and second-level referral hospitals in low-income countries...
September 14, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906341/the-neurophysiology-of-paediatric-movement-disorders
#20
Verity M McClelland
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To demonstrate how neurophysiological tools have advanced our understanding of the pathophysiology of paediatric movement disorders, and of neuroplasticity in the developing brain. RECENT FINDINGS: Delineation of corticospinal tract connectivity using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is being investigated as a potential biomarker for response to therapy. TMS measures of cortical excitability and neuroplasticity are also being used to investigate the effects of therapy, demonstrating neuroplastic changes that relate to functional improvements...
December 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
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