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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894286/the-family-experiences-of-in-hospital-care-questionnaire-in-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-fecq-tbi-a-validation-study
#1
Audny Anke, Unn Sollid Manskow, Oddgeir Friborg, Cecilie Røe, Cathrine Arntzen
BACKGROUND: Family members are important for support and care of their close relative after severe traumas, and their experiences are vital health care quality indicators. The objective was to describe the development of the Family Experiences of in-hospital Care Questionnaire for family members of patients with severe Traumatic Brain Injury (FECQ-TBI), and to evaluate its psychometric properties and validity. METHODS: The design of the study is a Norwegian multicentre study inviting 171 family members...
November 28, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889817/paediatric-spinal-cord-infarction-a-review-of-the-literature-and-two-case-reports
#2
Asim Sheikh, Daniel Warren, Anne-Marie Childs, John Russell, Mark Liddington, Velupandian Guruswamy, Paul Chumas
Ischemic spinal cord infarction is rare in the paediatric population, and when it does occur, it is usually associated with traumatic injury. Other potential causes include congenital cardiovascular malformations, cerebellar herniation, thromboembolic disease and infection. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings can be subtle in the early evaluation of such patients. The outcome is variable and depends on the level and extent of the spinal cord infarct and subsequent rehabilitation. Here, we present two cases of ischemic spinal cord infarction in children...
November 26, 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871192/specialised-dental-care-for-children-with-complex-disabilities-focusing-on-child-s-functioning-and-need-for-general-anaesthesia
#3
Johanna Norderyd, Gunilla Klingberg, Denise Faulks, Mats Granlund
PURPOSE: To describe and analyse dental care and treatment modalities for children with complex disabilities from a biopsychosocial perspective, with special focus on dental treatment under general anaesthesia (GA) and its relationship to child's functioning. METHOD: An ICF-CY Checklist for Oral Health was completed using structured interview, direct observations, and dental records for patients attending a specialist paediatric dentistry clinic. Descriptive and comparative data analysis was performed...
November 22, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856476/development-and-psychometric-validation-of-the-parent-perspective-university-of-rhode-island-change-assessment-short-purica-s-questionnaire-for-the-application-in-parents-of-children-with-overweight-and-obesity
#4
Florian Junne, Katrin Ziser, Johannes Mander, Peter Martus, Christian Denzer, Thomas Reinehr, Martin Wabitsch, Susanna Wiegand, Tobias Renner, Katrin E Giel, Martin Teufel, Stephan Zipfel, Stefan Ehehalt
INTRODUCTION: High prevalence rates of childhood obesity urgently call for improved effectiveness of intervention programmes for affected children and their families. One promising attempt can be seen in tailoring interventions according to the motivational stages of parents as 'agents of change' for their children. Evidence from other behavioural contexts (eg, addiction) clearly shows the superiority of motivational-stage dependent tailored (behavioural) interventions. For the time-efficient assessment of motivational stages of change, this study aims to develop and psychometrically validate a 'Parent Perspective Version' of the existing University of Rhode Island Change Assessment-Short, an instrument assessing the motivational stages based on the theoretical fundamentals of the Transtheoretical Model of Psychotherapy...
November 17, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843743/comparison-of-a-robotic-assisted-gait-training-program-with-a-program-of-functional-gait-training-for-children-with-cerebral-palsy-design-and-methods-of-a-two-group-randomized-controlled-cross-over-trial
#5
Alicia J Hilderley, Darcy Fehlings, Gloria W Lee, F Virginia Wright
BACKGROUND: Enhancement of functional ambulation is a key goal of rehabilitation for children with cerebral palsy (CP) who experience gross motor impairment. Physiotherapy (PT) approaches often involve overground and treadmill-based gait training to promote motor learning, typically as free walking or with body-weight support. Robotic-assisted gait training (RAGT), using a device such as the Lokomat(®)Pro, may permit longer training duration, faster and more variable gait speeds, and support walking pattern guidance more than overground/treadmill training to further capitalize on motor learning principles...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833170/ischemic-stroke-in-paediatrics-narrative-review-of-the-literature-and-two-cases
#6
Jozef Klucka, Petr Stourac, Roman Stoudek, Michaela Toukalkova, Hana Harazim, Martina Kosinova, Alena Stouracova, Andrej Mrlian, Petr Suk, Jan Malaska
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a rare condition in childhood with an estimated incidence of between 1.3-13/100.000 patients. Clinical manifestation and risk factors for paediatric stroke are different from those of adults. The uncommon incidence, age-associated difference and plethora of clinical symptoms make the diagnosis of such strokes extremely difficult and often delayed. The history and clinical examination should point to diseases or predisposing factors. Neuroimaging (DWI MR) is the golden standard for diagnosis of paediatric stroke and other investigations can be considered according to the clinical condition...
November 10, 2016: Biomedical Papers of the Medical Faculty of the University Palacký, Olomouc, Czechoslovakia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816221/congenital-cytomegalovirus-among-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#7
Hayley Smithers-Sheedy, Camille Raynes-Greenow, Nadia Badawi, Marian A Fernandez, Alison Kesson, Sarah McIntyre, Kin-Chuen Leung, Cheryl A Jones
OBJECTIVES: To determine the proportion of children with cerebral palsy (CP) and cytomegalovirus (CMV) DNA detected retrospectively in their newborn screening cards (NBSC), to compare the proportion of children with CMV DNA in their NBSC across spastic subtypes of CP, and to compare the sex and other characteristics of children with CP and CMV detected on their NSBC with those in whom CMV DNA was not detected. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective observational study. Data were extracted from patient records on children with CP (birth years 1996-2014) from 2 Australian state CP registers and state-wide paediatric rehabilitation services with consent...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762644/adapting-a-robotics-program-to-enhance-participation-and-interest-in-stem-among-children-with-disabilities-a-pilot-study
#8
Sally Lindsay, Kara Grace Hounsell
PURPOSE: Youth with disabilities are under-represented in science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) in school and in the workforce. One encouraging approach to engage youth's interest in STEM is through robotics; however, such programs are mostly for typically developing youth. The purpose of this study was to understand the development and implementation of an adapted robotics program for children and youth with disabilities and their experiences within it. METHOD: Our mixed methods pilot study (pre- and post-workshop surveys, observations, and interviews) involved 41 participants including: 18 youth (aged 6-13), 12 parents and 11 key informants...
October 20, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757567/traumatic-atlanto-occipital-dislocation-in-children-a-case-based-update-on-clinical-characteristics-management-and-outcome
#9
Thomas Beez, Jennifer Brown
BACKGROUND: Atlanto-occipital dislocation (AOD) is a rare but severe sequela of high energy trauma. Children are at increased risk, due to their immature spine and biomechanical characteristics. LITERATURE REVIEW: The prevailing mechanism of injury is motor vehicle collision as passenger. AOD commonly presents with cardiorespiratory arrest, spinal cord injury or cranial nerve deficits. Concomitant injuries, such as traumatic brain injury, are frequently encountered...
October 18, 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27740853/service-provision-for-children-and-young-people-with-acquired-brain-injury-practice-recommendations
#10
Audrey McKinlay, Mark Linden, Roberta DePompei, Catherine Aaro Jonsson, Vicki Anderson, Lucia Braga, Enrico Castelli, Peter de Koning, Carol A Hawley, Eric Hermans, Ingela Kristiansen, Alison Madden, Peter Rumney, Ron Savage, Beth Wicks
BACKGROUND: Providing appropriate rehabilitation services for Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) in childhood presents a number of challenges for caregivers, health and education professionals and the young person as they develop. PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To record the challenges and possible creative solutions generated by an international group of professionals to address the needs of children with ABI. Review of information: Recommendations were generated from children's special interest group meetings of the International Brain Injury Association (Turin, Italy, 2001; Stockholm, Sweden, 2003; Melbourne, Australia, 2005; Lisbon, Portugal, 2008) and through meetings of the International Paediatric Brain Injury Society (IPBIS), formed in 2009...
October 14, 2016: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730073/characteristics-of-children-and-adolescents-at-onset-of-type-2-diabetes-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-bangladesh
#11
Bedowra Zabeen, Jebun Nahar, Samin Tayyeb, Fauzia Mohsin, Nazmun Nahar, Kishwar Azad
INTRODUCTION: Recent data show that the prevalence of diabetes among children and adolescents is increasing in some ethnic groups. The worldwide epidemic of childhood obesity has been accompanied by an increase in the incidence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) in youth. METHODS: The aim of this study was to describe the baseline characteristics of children and adolescents diagnosed ≤18 years who had features of T2D and presented at Changing Diabetes in Children, Paediatric Diabetes Clinic at Bangladesh Institute of Research and Rehabilitation of Diabetes, Endocrine, and Metabolic Disorders...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676869/pediatric-stroke-rehabilitation-a-review-of-techniques-facilitating-motor-recovery
#12
Eleni Papathanasiou, Mathilde Chevignard, Carole Vuillerot, Anne Tiberghien, Ingrid Godard
OBJECTIVE: Paediatric stroke is a relatively rare medical condition, but it often leads to long lasting motor and cognitive impairments. Rehabilitation of motor impairments has been widely studied, with most studies performed in children with cerebral palsy (CP). However, CP covers a variety of medical conditions, including brain lesions due to paediatric stroke occurring early in life, but not stroke occurring later on during childhood. The specificity of rehabilitation after paediatric stroke remains understudied...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27645265/differences-in-health-participation-and-life-satisfaction-outcomes-in-adults-following-paediatric-versus-adult-sustained-spinal-cord-injury
#13
J K Ma, M W M Post, J W Gorter, K A Martin Ginis
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional. OBJECTIVES: To compare differences in self-reported health status, participation and life satisfaction outcomes between adults with a spinal cord injury (SCI) sustained during paediatric (P) versus adulthood (A) years. SETTING: Ontario, Canada. METHODS: Secondary analysis of data from the Study of Health and Activity in People with SCI. Eighty-seven participants who sustained an SCI prior to age 19 (M±s...
September 20, 2016: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27608672/exploring-the-occupational-therapist-s-role-in-primary-health-care-listening-to-voices-of-stakeholders
#14
Deshini Naidoo, Jacqueline Van Wyk, Robin W E Joubert
BACKGROUND: Re-engineering of primary healthcare (PHC) was initiated nationally in 2009. There is, however, little information on the role expected of occupational therapists (OTs)in PHC. OBJECTIVES: This research aimed to understand how stakeholders of the Department of Health (DOH) perceived the role of OT in PHC service. METHOD: This exploratory, qualitative study used purposive sampling to recruit community health-care workers (CHW; n = 23), primary healthcare nurses (PHC; n = 5), DOH management (n = 5), experienced (n = 14) and novice OTs (n = 37) who graduated from the University of KwaZulu-Natal...
August 31, 2016: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27593569/child-focused-and-context-focused-behaviors-of-physical-and-occupational-therapists-during-treatment-of-young-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#15
Anne J A Kruijsen-Terpstra, Mariëlle Ellens, Marjolijn Ketelaar, Olaf Verschuren, Briano Di Rezze, Jan Willem Gorter, Anne M A Visser-Meily, Marian J Jongmans
AIMS: To (1) describe the child- and context-focused behaviors of physical and occupational therapists, and (2) compare the behaviors of therapists in a standard therapy session with those of therapists trained to deliver child- and context-focused services. METHOD: Videos of 49 therapy sessions provided by 36 therapists were analyzed using the intervention domains of the Paediatric Rehabilitation Observational measure of Fidelity (PROF) to examine the therapeutic behaviors of physical and occupational therapists with young children with cerebral palsy (CP) (24 to 48 months) in a Dutch rehabilitation setting...
November 2016: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575678/telehealth-for-paediatric-burn-patients-in-rural-areas-a-retrospective-audit-of-activity-and-cost-savings
#16
Tania McWilliams, Joyce Hendricks, Di Twigg, Fiona Wood, Margaret Giles
INTRODUCTION: Since 2005, the Western Australian paediatric burn unit has provided a state-wide clinical consultancy and support service for the assessment and management of acute and rehabilitative burn patients via its telehealth service. Since then, the use of this telehealth service has steadily increased as it has become imbedded in the model of care for paediatric burn patients. Primarily, the service involves acute and long term patient reviews conducted by the metropolitan-located burn unit in contact with health practitioners, advising patients and their families who reside outside the metropolitan area thereby avoiding unnecessary transfers and inpatient bed days...
November 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27476831/the-effectiveness-of-taping-on-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review
#17
Zehra Güçhan, Akmer Mutlu
AIM: Taping is popular in a variety of paediatric clinical settings. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of taping on the rehabilitation of children with cerebral palsy (CP). METHOD: We used MEDLINE, Embase, PubMed, CINAHL, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials as the electronic databases for the review. We reviewed all relevant studies published up to May 2015. We also analysed pertinent secondary references. We used Sackett's Levels of Evidence and the guidelines for critical review of McMaster University to criticize the reviewed articles...
August 1, 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27315695/care-related-pain-and-discomfort-in-children-with-motor-disabilities-in-rehabilitation-centres
#18
Jean-Sébastien Bourseul, Sylvain Brochard, Laetitia Houx, Christelle Pons, Mélanie Bué, Isabelle Manesse, Juliette Ropars, Dominique Guyader, Philippe Le Moine, Amandine Dubois
BACKGROUND: Pain is one of the symptoms reported most by children with motor disabilities particularly during daily living activities in institutions and during rehabilitation. Despite the care and consideration of professionals, a wide range of motor and cognitive disabilities, limited communication skills, the presence of chronic pain and frequent care interventions place such children at high risk of experiencing induced pain. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to identify care-related pain and discomfort in children with motor disabilities in rehabilitation centres and the characteristics of children at risk of induced pain...
June 14, 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27289169/towards-understanding-the-availability-of-physiotherapy-services-in-rural-australia
#19
Robyn Adams, Anne Jones, Sophie Lefmann, Lorraine Sheppard
INTRODUCTION: A recent exploration of factors affecting rural physiotherapy service provision revealed considerable variation in services available between communities of the study. Multiple factors combined to influence local service provision, including macro level policy and funding decisions, service priorities and fiscal constraints of regional health services and capacity and capabilities at the physiotherapy service level. The aim of this article is to describe the variation in local service provision, the factors influencing service provision and the impact on availability of physiotherapy services...
April 2016: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27267182/protocol-for-a-prospective-observational-study-of-conventional-treatment-and-traditional-korean-medicine-combination-treatment-for-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#20
Jeong-Eun Yoo, Young-Ju Yun, Yong-Beom Shin, Nam-Kwen Kim, Soo-Yeon Kim, Myung-Jun Shin, Sun-Ae Yu
BACKGROUND: Cerebral palsy leads to many complications as well as delayed motor development, and early intensive rehabilitation in infancy, which is based on the theory of brain plasticity, is emphasized. In addition to conventional treatment, including physical, occupational, or speech-language therapies, children also have a demand for traditional Korean medicine interventions such as acupuncture or herbal medicine; however, a lack of evidence has made traditional Korean medicine difficult to implement in practice...
June 8, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
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