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munchausen syndrome

Andrea Little, Heather Curtis, Brian Kellogg, Michael Harrington
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Eplasty
Josef Finsterer, Lässer Stefan
Malingering and factitious disorder (Münchausen-syndrome) has not been reported as a manifestation of a mitochondrial-disorder (MID). Here, we report a 46 years-old female with a MID due to a combined complex I-IV defect, manifesting in the cerebrum, muscle, bone marrow, kidneys, and the endocrine glands. Myopathy showed up as myalgia, easy fatigability, ptosis, and abnormal muscle biopsy. Endocrine involvement manifested as short stature and thyroid dysfunction. Involvement of the kidneys manifested as mild Fanconi syndrome...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
Isabel Gomila, Victoria López-Corominas, Manuela Pellegrini, Loreto Quesada, Elena Miravet, Simona Pichini, Bernardino Barceló
Munchausen syndrome by proxy (MSBP), also known as fabricated or induced illness in a child by a caretaker, is a form of abuse where a caregiver deliberately produces or feigns illness in a person under his or her care, so that the proxy will receive medical care that gratifies the caregiver. The affected children are often hospitalized for long periods and endure repetitive, painful and expensive diagnostic attempts. We present an analytically confirmed case of MSBP by alimemazine. A 3-year-old boy was brought repetitively to a Pediatric Emergency Department by his mother because he presented limb tremors, dysarthria, obnubilation, and ataxia and generalized tonic-clonic seizures coinciding with intermittent fever...
September 2016: Forensic Science International
Anna Sowa-Staszczak, Małgorzata Trofimiuk-Müldner, Agnieszka Stefańska, Monika Tomaszuk, Monika Buziak-Bereza, Aleksandra Gilis-Januszewska, Agata Jabrocka-Hybel, Bogusław Głowa, Maciej Małecki, Tomasz Bednarczuk, Grzegorz Kamiński, Aldona Kowalska, Renata Mikołajczak, Barbara Janota, Alicja Hubalewska-Dydejczyk
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to assess the utility of [Lys40(Ahx-HYNIC-99mTc/EDDA)NH2]-exendin-4 scintigraphy in the management of patients with hypoglycemia, particularly in the detection of occult insulinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty patients with hypoglycemia and increased/confusing results of serum insulin and C-peptide concentration and negative/inconclusive results of other imaging examinations were enrolled in the study. In all patients GLP-1 receptor imaging was performed to localise potential pancreatic lesions...
2016: PloS One
Pierluigi Marzuillo, Rosaria Marotta, Andrea Apicella, Stefano Guarino, Tiziana Esposito, Nicoletta Della Vecchia, Mario Diplomatico, Cesare Polito, Laura Perrone, Angela La Manna
Factitious disorders are characterized by physical or psychological symptoms that are intentionally produced or feigned in order to assume the sick role. "Munchausen's syndrome" is one of these disorders and often is under-recognized or only suspected after unnecessary investigations. We report the case of a 15-year-old boy who came to our notice because of reduced urine output and recurrent abdominal pain during the previous 3 months. The patient attended several emergency room visits and he had been hospitalized for 1 month in an adult internal medicine department because of "oliguria"...
August 5, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Luca Roncati, Antonietta Morena Gatti, Teresa Pusiol, Francesco Piscioli, Giuseppe Barbolini, Antonio Maiorana
Morgellons disease is an infrequent syndromic condition, that typically affects middle-aged white women, characterized by crawling sensations on and under the skin, associated with itchy rashes, stinging sores, fiber-like filaments emerging from the sores, severe fatigue, concentrating difficulty, and memory loss. The scientific community is prone to believe that Morgellons is the manifestation of various psychiatric syndromes (Munchausen, Munchausen by proxy, Ekbom, Wittmaack-Ekbom). Up until now, no investigative science-based evidence about its psychogenesis has ever been provided...
September 2016: Ultrastructural Pathology
Onur Akın, Ediz Yeşilkaya, Erkan Sari, Çağdaş Akar, Gökalp Başbozkurt, Enis Macit, Ibrahim Aydin, Abdullah Taşlipinar, Hüsamettin Gül
Hyperinsulinism, one of the most important causes of hypoglycaemia, can be congenital or acquired. Rarely, drug toxicity can be a reason for hyperinsulinism. In the context of Munchausen syndrome by proxy (MSP), toxicity usually occurs in children due to drug administration by a parent or caregiver. A 7-year-old girl was referred to our department due to a hyperglycaemic period and hypoglycaemic episodes. On admission, gliclazide was initiated due to her hyperglycaemia, which we attributed to maturity onset diabetes of the young...
May 26, 2016: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
Keiko Inui, Takaaki Hanafusa, Takeshi Namiki, Makiko Ueno, Ken Igawa, Hiroo Yokozeki
A 50-year-old Japanese woman consulted the emergency department of our hospital for bleeding due to an intractable postoperative wound on the lower abdomen; the postoperative wound was owing to a laparoscopic cholecystectomy performed 1 year previously for acute cholecystitis. She presented with a painful ulcer on her right lower abdomen. She also presented with multiple scars, skin grafts on the extremities, and a missing left lower leg, the causes for all of which were unexplained. The results of her blood test were normal, except for the hemoglobin level...
January 2016: Case Reports in Dermatology
Sameer Sawhney, Tammey Naab, Partricia Oneal
Rhizobium radiobacter is an opportunistic, usually saprophytic, gram-negative bacillus found in agricultural soil. Isolation from blood has been reported most often in hospitalized patients harboring malignant neoplasms or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) associated immunosuppression, who have catheter or medical device-related febrile neutropenia; treatment involves removal of the catheter or implanted medical device.(1)Herein, we report a case of a 27-year-old African American woman with sickle cell anemia who sought treatment of generalized body pain, shaking, chills, dyspnea, and fever, suggestive of sickle cell crisis...
August 2016: Laboratory Medicine
Nancy Scheper-Hughes
This paper aims to trouble certain assumptions about the clinical nature of Munchausen by Proxy (MBP), which has been described in the medical literature as a rare "culture bound syndrome" having surfaced at a particular moment, late modernity, and in a particular "place", Europe and North America and their extensions. At the heart of this disorder is a lie perpetrated by disturbed mothers who masquerade as the concerned and anxious caretakers of one or more long-suffering children who are plagued by fictive or maternally-incited illnesses and, in the worst instance, who are subjected to death by maternal design...
August 2002: Anthropology & Medicine
Ayako Maruyama, Yoshihiro Noguchi, Taku Ito, Kenji Narushima, Ken Kitamura
Factitious disorders are characterized by intentionally abnormal physical and/or psychological behavior, and affected patients often make up their symptoms and clinical histories. The most serious and chronic type of factitious disorder is Munchausen syndrome. We report the case of a 24-year-old woman with a 2-year history of sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) who later confessed to feigning her hearing loss. She was eventually diagnosed with a factitious disorder. During those 2 years, she was able to induce her SNHL by exposing herself to excessive noise or high doses of aspirin...
December 2015: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
Michel Reich, Amélie Clermont, Éric Amela, Nuria Kotecki
Factitious diseases and pathomimias and particularly Munchausen's syndrome, due to their rarity, are poorly diagnosed by medical teams working in oncology. Consequences can be serious and result in unadapted surgery or non justified implementation of chemotherapy and radiotherapy regimens. These patients simulate diseases in order to attract medical attention. They might become belligerent and are likely to promptly discharge themselves from hospital if they do not get the desired attention or are unmasked...
December 2015: Bulletin du Cancer
Mukta Mantan, Dhulika Dhingra, Aditi Gupta, Gulshan Rai Sethi
Renal and urologic problems in pediatric condition falsification (PCF) or Munchausen by proxy (MSP) can result in serious diagnostic dilemma. Symptoms of hematuria, pyuria and recurrent urinary tract infections have occasionally been described. However, MSP presenting as azotemia has not been previously reported. We describe the case of an unfortunate boy who had to undergo unnecessary hemodialysis for persistent hyperkalemia and azotemia before a final diagnosis of the falsification of investigations by the parents was made...
November 2015: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
J V Pai-Dhungat
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2015: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Natasha Shur, John C Carey
The clinical geneticist can be called upon to play a role in the medical evaluation of children with clinical findings concerning for child abuse. This Introduction describes a case of suspected child abuse in an 8-month-old baby referred to clinical genetics to exclude osteogenesis imperfecta. The experience from this case raised medical and ethical considerations and prompted consideration of the role of the clinical geneticist in distinguishing rare mimics of child abuse from real cases. From this single case, and a discussion regarding similar cases, arose the idea of this issue in Seminars in Medical Genetics, Genetic Differentials of Child Abuse: Is Your Case Rare or Real? In thinking about child abuse from a clinical genetics perspective, we categorize clinical presentations into fractures, skin lesions, hemorrhage, growth disturbances, and concern for caregiver-fabricated illness (previously known as Munchausen syndrome by proxy)...
December 2015: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part C, Seminars in Medical Genetics
Kedar Prashant Padhye, Kenny S David, Saumil Y Dholakia, Vivek Mathew, Yuvaraja Murugan
PURPOSE: To present the case of a patient with Munchausen's syndrome who underwent multiple surgeries in the spine before the diagnosis was made and, therefore, to highlight the importance of this obscure condition that can result in unnecessary surgical treatment. METHODS: A 44-year-old businesswoman presented with multiple episodes of low back pain and weakness in both lower limbs over past 11 years. Past history consisted of multiple hospitalizations, and three surgeries on her lumbar spine at different hospitals, with dramatic improvement in symptoms being reported each time after surgery...
May 2016: European Spine Journal
Axel Ramberg, Sinja Feldkötter
One of the most discussed questions in clinical literature concerns the impact of child abuse by mentally ill parents (cf. Mattejat, 1998). It's obvious that most children cannot understand such a parental behaviour and that this lack of understanding along with the lack of knowledge about their parents' emotional disorder results in childrens' fear, disorientation and uncertainty. The consequences are massive interferences in the relationship between parents and children, who could develop an anxious-resistant insecure or even a disorganized/disoriented attachment...
2015: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
Seamus O'Mahony
This essay aims to stimulate a reawakening of interest in the writings of the physician Richard Asher (1912-1969), who is now best known for coining the term "Munchausen's syndrome." Asher's essays are as relevant now as when first published. His articles were a model of clarity, wit and elegance: he argued consistently for precision in thought and expression, for logic in clinical thinking, and for evidence in treatment.
2014: Perspectives in Biology and Medicine
Sohrab Naushad Ali, Aymon Naushad Ali, Mian Naushad Ali
Münchausen Syndrome by Proxy (MSBP) is a psychiatric disorder characterised by the adoption of bizarre behavioural-patterns by caregivers in which diseases or disorders are fabricated in individuals, usually children, for purposes which span feelings of superiority derived from deceit of persons deemed superior to the caregiver, or attention seeking. The patient under discussion was a 6 year old male brought to the hospital by his mother with complaints of repetitive and unceasing passing of stones per urethra...
April 2015: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
J Chevalier, J Villeneuve, A-L Lecapitaine, H Gros, R Bakir, A Delaval, M-A Bouldouyre
INTRODUCTION: Sickle cell disease is a multi-faceted disease, which can affect all organs. Here, we report the case of a young woman whose clinical presentation was confusing. CASE REPORT: An 18-year-old patient from Martinique in Caribbean area presented to the emergency room with widespread pain, as part of a vaso-occlusive crisis. She reported being followed for SS sickle cell anemia, with a history of vaso-occlusive crises and exchange transfusions in the past...
May 2016: La Revue de Médecine Interne
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