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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141335/-previous-hiv-testing-behavior-and-related-factors-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-gay-bathroom-in-hangzhou-zhejiang-province
#1
X Zhou, X H Pan, M Y Luo, L Chen, L He, H Wang, T T Jiang, Q Q Ma
Objective: To understand the related factors on previous HIV testing behavior among MSM who visit gay bathroom in Hangzhou, Zhejiang province. Methods: Through time-location sampling (TLS) survey, men who had oral sex or anal sex with men in past 6 months were interviewed in the gay bathroom in Hangzhou from October 2015 to January 2016. Software SPSS 22.0 was used to analyze the HIV testing acceptance, sexual behaviors and condom usage of MSM during past 6 months, and χ(2) test and logistic regression model were used for univariate and multivariate analyses...
November 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141014/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-anal-human-papillomavirus-infection-among-hiv-negative-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-urumqi-city-of-xinjiang-uyghur-autonomous-region-china
#2
Tian Tian, Peierdun Mijiti, Huang Bingxue, Zhang Fadong, Abidan Ainiwaer, Sang Guoyao, Zhang Zhanlin, Yeledan Mahan, Tuo Xiaoqin, Gong Zheng, Dai Jianghong
BACKGROUND: Infection with human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection among men who have sex with men (MSM). Study on prevalence and risk factors of anal HPV infection among HIV-negative MSM in Northwestern China was rare. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study of HPV prevalence using anal swab specimens among HIV-negative MSM in Urumqi city of Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, China between April 1st and October 30th in 2016...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140230/effect-of-tenofovor-diproxil-fumarate-on-renal-function-and-urinalysis-abnormalities-in-hiv-infected-cameroonian-adults
#3
Carlos Fritzsche, Jens Rudolph, Barbara Huenten-Kirsch, Christoph J Hemmer, Robert Tekoh, Pius B Kuwoh, Aenne Glass, Emil C Reisinger
In Sub-Saharan Africa, the prevalence of HIV-associated kidney diseases is as high as 53.3%. Combined antiretroviral treatment (cART), especially tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF), is known to be nephrotoxic. We undertook this cross-sectional study conducted in 2015 at the Regional Hospital Limbe in the Southwest Region of Cameroon to determine the prevalence of renal dysfunction and its correlates among treatment-experienced HIV-infected patients on TDF and treatment-naïve patients. In April 2016, a follow-up was performed on those who had been treatment-naïve and were started on cART after enrolment in the study...
November 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138432/social-support-as-a-key-protective-factor-against-depression-in-hiv-infected-patients-report-from-large-hiv-clinics-in-hanoi-vietnam
#4
Shoko Matsumoto, Kazue Yamaoka, Kenzo Takahashi, Junko Tanuma, Daisuke Mizushima, Cuong Duy Do, Dung Thi Nguyen, Hoai Dung Thi Nguyen, Kinh Van Nguyen, Shinichi Oka
Depression is the most common mental health issue among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). This study explored how different types and sources of social support are associated with depression among HIV-infected patients in Vietnam. We carried out a cross-sectional survey on 1,503 HIV-infected patients receiving antiretroviral therapy at two HIV clinics in Hanoi in 2016. Depression was prevalent in 26.2% of participants. Higher score of social support, especially emotional/informational support and positive social interaction, showed significant association with lower depression rate...
November 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138300/high-zika-virus-seroprevalence-in-salvador-northeastern-brazil-limits-the-potential-for-further-outbreaks
#5
Eduardo Martins Netto, Andres Moreira-Soto, Celia Pedroso, Christoph Höser, Sebastian Funk, Adam J Kucharski, Alexandra Rockstroh, Beate M Kümmerer, Gilmara Souza Sampaio, Estela Luz, Sara Nunes Vaz, Juarez Pereira Dias, Fernanda Anjos Bastos, Renata Cabral, Thomas Kistemann, Sebastian Ulbert, Xavier de Lamballerie, Thomas Jaenisch, Oliver J Brady, Christian Drosten, Manoel Sarno, Carlos Brites, Jan Felix Drexler
During 2015 to 2016, Brazil reported more Zika virus (ZIKV) cases than any other country, yet population exposure remains unknown. Serological studies of ZIKV are hampered by cross-reactive immune responses against heterologous viruses. We conducted serosurveys for ZIKV, dengue virus (DENV), and Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) in 633 individuals prospectively sampled during 2015 to 2016, including microcephaly and non-microcephaly pregnancies, HIV-infected patients, tuberculosis patients, and university staff in Salvador in northeastern Brazil using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) and plaque reduction neutralization tests...
November 14, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136744/-factors-associated-with-syphilis-hiv-infection-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-shenzhen-2011-2016
#6
Y M Cai, Y J Song, H Liu, F C Hong
Objective: To investigate the factors associated with syphilis/HIV infection among men who have sex with men (MSM) maintaining a single sexual partner in Shenzhen. Methods: Respondent driven sampling and snowball sampling method were used to recruit MSM receiving voluntary counseling and testing in Shenzhen Rainbow clinic from 2011 to 2016. INCLUSION CRITERIA: aged 18 years and above; reported having one or more anal sexual partners in the recent 6 months. A total of 3 109 men who have sex with men (MSM) were involved in the study...
November 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136743/-drug-resistance-mutations-and-its-associated-factors-among-579-hiv-aids-patients-experiencing-failure-of-antiretroviral-therapy-in-jiangsu-province-china
#7
P P Xiao, J Lu, H Y Hu, X Q Xu, P Ding, G F Fu, X P Huan, Y Zhou, H T Yang
Objective: To understand the incidence and related factors of HIV-1 drug resistance among HIV/AIDS patients experiencing treatment failure in Jiangsu province, China. Methods: The HIV/AIDS integrated prevention and control data information management system of China were used to collect the basic data of patients, blood specimens were collected from patients who had antiretroviral therapy (ART) failure with ≥12 months and older than 18 years in 2016 in Jiangsu, excluding cases with missing information, 713 cases were enrolled in this study...
November 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136014/treatment-guidelines-and-early-loss-from-care-for-people-living-with-hiv-in-cape-town-south-africa-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#8
Ingrid T Katz, Richard Kaplan, Garrett Fitzmaurice, Dominick Leone, David R Bangsberg, Linda-Gail Bekker, Catherine Orrell
BACKGROUND: South Africa has undergone multiple expansions in antiretroviral therapy (ART) eligibility from an initial CD4+ threshold of ≤200 cells/μl to providing ART for all people living with HIV (PLWH) as of September 2016. We evaluated the association of programmatic changes in ART eligibility with loss from care, both prior to ART initiation and within the first 16 weeks of starting treatment, during a period of programmatic expansion to ART treatment at CD4+ ≤ 350 cells/μl...
November 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135581/high-rates-of-hypertension-diabetes-elevated-low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-in-hiv-infected-patients-results-from-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-malawi
#9
Sekai C Mathabire Rücker, Alia Tayea, Joseph Bitilinyu-Bangoh, Elkin H Bermúdez-Aza, Leon Salumu, Isabel A Quiles, Elisabeth Szumilin, Zengani Chirwa, Fernanda Rick, David Maman
OBJECTIVES: Data on cardiovascular disease risks among HIV-infected patients taking antiretroviral therapy (ART) over long periods of time are lacking in Sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Chiradzulu, Malawi from December 2015 to June 2016. HIV-infected persons on ART for more than 10 years (patients) and HIV-negative individuals (controls) from selected clinics participated. Following informed consent, a standardized questionnaire, clinical and laboratory examinations were performed...
November 10, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133821/incidence-of-asymptomatic-neurosyphilis-in-serofast-chinese-syphilis-patients
#10
Sheng Nan Cai, Jing Long, Chen Chen, Gang Wan, Wen Hui Lun
More new diagnosed syphilis cases were reported in china, the incidence and relevant factors of asymptomatic neurosyphilis (ANS) in serofast syphilis patients were unclear. Clinical and laboratory data of 402 Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) negative, serofast syphilis patients, who underwent lumbar puncture at the Peking University Ditan Teaching Hospital between September 2008 and August 2016, were collected. Incidence of ANS was verified and the relevant factors were further analyzed. According to the ANS criteria, 139 (34...
November 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133639/comparison-of-seropositivity-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-hepatitis-b-virus-hepatitis-c-virus-and-syphilis-among-hospital-cornea-retrieval-programme-donors-versus-voluntary-cornea-donors-at-a-large-eye-bank-in-eastern-india
#11
Soham Basak, Samar K Basak, Bani Biswas
PURPOSE: To compare the serology profile of donors from Hospital Cornea Retrieval Programme-donors (HCRP-D) and voluntary cornea donors (VC-D) from a large eye bank in Eastern India. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of donor details from January 2011 to December 2016. Donor demographics, cause of death, and serology reports were compiled. Postmortem blood was tested for human immunodeficiency virus 1 and 2 (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and syphilis using government-approved kits as per the National Programme for Control of Blindness Standards of Eye Banking...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133336/psychological-behavioural-and-physiological-effects-of-three-long-acting-reversible-contraception-larc-methods-protocol-for-an-ancillary-study-of-the-echo-randomised-trial
#12
Mandisa Singata-Madliki, G Justus Hofmeyr, Florence Carayon-Lefebvre d'Hellencourt, Theresa Anne Lawrie
INTRODUCTION: This is the protocol for an ancillary study to the multicentre Evidence for Contraceptive Options and HIV Outcomes (ECHO) Trial, a three-arm randomised trial comparing the effects of depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA), the levonorgestrel (LNG) implant and the copper intrauterine device (IUD) on HIV incidence (NCT02550067 pre-results). The ancillary study will compare other non-contraceptive effects of these three long-acting, reversible contraceptions about which there is little existing comparative evidence...
November 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132792/-neuromeningeal-cryptococcosis-in-patients-infected-with-hiv-at-agadir-regional-hospital-souss-massa-morocco
#13
S Chadli, M Aghrouch, N Taqarort, M Malmoussi, Z Ouagari, F Moustaoui, M Bourouache, S Oulkheir
INTRODUCTION: Neuromeningeal cryptococcosis (NMC) is a severe and fatal opportunistic infection. Lethality is frequent in the absence of treatment, especially in the presence of HIV co-infection. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence, epidemiological, clinical, biological and therapeutic aspects as well as the evolution of NMC for patients infected with HIV. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study of 40 cases of neuromeningeal cryptococcosis diagnosed in HIV-infected patients...
November 10, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132760/hepatitis-c-in-sub-saharan-africa-the-current-status-and-recommendations-for-achieving-elimination-by-2030
#14
REVIEW
Mark W Sonderup, Mary Afihene, Reidwaan Ally, Betty Apica, Yaw Awuku, Lina Cunha, Geoffrey Dusheiko, Neliswa Gogela, Marie-Jeanne Lohouès-Kouacou, Phillip Lam, Olufunmilayo Lesi, Papa Saliou Mbaye, Emmanuel Musabeyezu, Betty Musau, Olesegun Ojo, John Rwegasha, Barbara Scholz, Abate B Shewaye, Christian Tzeuton, Chris Kassianides, C Wendy Spearman
In 2016, WHO adopted a strategy for the elimination of viral hepatitis by 2030. Africa, and more specifically, sub-Saharan Africa, carries a substantial portion of the global burden of viral hepatitis, especially chronic hepatitis B and hepatitis C virus infections. The task that lies ahead for sub-Saharan Africa to achieve elimination is substantial, but not insurmountable. Major developments in the management of hepatitis C have put elimination within reach, but several difficulties will need to be navigated on the path to elimination...
December 2017: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131878/association-of-brain-structure-changes-and-cognitive-function-with-combination-antiretroviral-therapy-in-hiv-positive-individuals
#15
Ryan Sanford, Lesley K Fellows, Beau M Ances, D Louis Collins
Importance: Despite the introduction of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART), HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders continue to be a problem for treated HIV-positive individuals. The cause of this impairment remains unclear. Objective: To determine if detectable brain changes occur during a 2-year period in HIV-positive individuals who were aviremic and treated with cART. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this longitudinal case-control study, participants underwent neuroimaging and neuropsychological assessment approximately 2 years apart...
November 13, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130605/community-driven-demand-creation-for-the-use-of-routine-viral-load-testing-a-model-to-scale-up-routine-viral-load-testing
#16
Bactrin M Killingo, Trisa B Taro, Wame N Mosime
INTRODUCTION: HIV treatment outcomes are dependent on the use of viral load measurement. Despite global and national guidelines recommending the use of routine viral load testing, these policies alone have not translated into widespread implementation or sufficiently increased access for people living with HIV (PLHIV). Civil society and communities of PLHIV recognize the need to close this gap and to enable the scale up of routine viral load testing. METHODS: The International Treatment Preparedness Coalition (ITPC) developed an approach to community-led demand creation for the use of routine viral load testing...
November 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126423/the-many-meanings-of-evidence-a-comparative-analysis-of-the-forms-and-roles-of-evidence-within-three-health-policy-processes-in-cambodia
#17
Helen Walls, Marco Liverani, Kannarath Chheng, Justin Parkhurst
BACKGROUND: Discussions within the health community routinely emphasise the importance of evidence in informing policy formulation and implementation. Much of the support for the evidence-based policy movement draws from concern that policy decisions are often based on inadequate engagement with high-quality evidence. In many such discussions, evidence is treated as differing only in quality, and assumed to improve decisions if it can only be used more. In contrast, political science scholars have described this as an overly simplistic view of the policy-making process, noting that research 'use' can mean a variety of things and relies on nuanced aspects of political systems...
November 10, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126226/optimizing-tuberculosis-diagnosis-in-hiv-infected-inpatients-meeting-the-criteria-of-seriously-ill-in-the-who-algorithm
#18
Rulan Griesel, Annemie Stewart, Helen van der Plas, Welile Sikhondze, Molebogeng X Rangaka, Mark P Nicol, Andre P Kengne, Marc Mendelson, Gary Maartens
BACKGROUND: The WHO algorithm for the diagnosis of tuberculosis in seriously ill HIV-infected patients lacks a firm evidence base. We aimed to develop a clinical prediction rule for the diagnosis of tuberculosis and to determine the diagnostic utility of the Xpert MTB/RIF assay in seriously ill HIV-infected patients. METHODS: We conducted a prospective study among HIV-infected inpatients with any cough duration and WHO-defined danger signs. Culture-positive tuberculosis from any site was the reference standard...
November 6, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121550/attitudes-beliefs-and-comfort-levels-of-midwifery-students-regarding-sexual-counselling-in-turkey
#19
Besey Ören, Neriman Zengin, Saadet Yazıcı, Ayşe Çil Akıncı
OBJECTIVE: this aim of this study was to determine midwifery students' attitudes and beliefs regarding sexual counselling, the factors preventing effective sexual counselling and comfort levels towards sexual counselling. PARTICIPANTS: the study was conducted with 650 students studying in the midwifery departments of eight universities in Turkey (response rate 59.1%). DESIGN: the data were obtained through a self-administered questionnaire in early 2016, which collected sociodemographic characteristics and comfort levels, and used the Sexuality Attitudes and Beliefs Survey...
October 20, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120678/patterns-of-uveitis-at-two-university-based-referral-centres-in-cape-town-south-africa
#20
Wilna Rautenbach, Jonel Steffen, Derrick Smit, Karin Lecuona, Tonya Esterhuizen
PURPOSE: To analyze the pattern of uveitis at two tertiary hospitals in South Africa which has a high prevalence of HIV, TB and syphilis. METHODS: Data of 198 patients were obtained retrospectively between August 2014 and August 2016, including patient demographics, clinical examination, special investigations and final diagnosis. RESULTS: Infectious uveitis was the most common aetiological category (47%), followed by idiopathic (34.8%) and non-infectious (18...
November 9, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
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