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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785298/impact-of-near-infrared-angiography-on-the-quality-of-anatomical-resection-during-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-segmentectomy
#1
Benoît Bédat, Frédéric Triponez, Samira Mercedes Sadowski, Christophe Ellenberger, Marc Licker, Wolfram Karenovics
Background: The aim of the present study was to assess the impact of near-infrared angiography in guiding intraoperatively sublobar anatomical resection by video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS). Methods: We retrospectively analyzed data from 67 patients who underwent segmentectomy by VATS from November 2014 to November 2017 at the University Hospitals of Geneva, Switzerland. The need to modify arterial or parenchymal resection based on intraoperative near-infrared imaging was considered the primary study outcome...
April 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775999/who-recommendations-dollars-and-sense
#2
Julian Robinson
In 2016 the World Health organization (WHO) outlined its vision for high quality care for all pregnant women and their newborns (WHO recommendations on antenatal care for a positive pregnancy experience. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 2016 pregnancy-experience/en/. In this edition of BJOG it has now updated these recommendations emphasizing the importance of a positive experience during childbirth. Respectful Maternity Care (RMC) is central to this revision. This article is protected by copyright...
May 18, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770934/total-and-methyl-mercury-seasonal-particulate-fluxes-in-the-water-column-of-a-large-lake-lake-geneva-switzerland
#3
Elena Gascón Díez, Neil D Graham, Jean-Luc Loizeau
Concentrations and fluxes of total and methylmercury were determined in surface sediments and associated with settling particles at two sites in Lake Geneva to evaluate the sources and dynamics of this toxic contaminant. Total mercury concentrations measured in settling particles were different throughout the seasons and were greatly influenced by the Rhone River particulate inputs. Total mercury concentrations closer to shore (NG2) ranged between 0.073 ± 0.001 and 0.27 ± 0.01 μg/g, and between 0...
May 16, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754120/promoting-healthy-lives-and-well-being-for-all-the-contribution-of-the-international-college-of-person-centered-medicine-icpcm
#4
G N Christodoulou, J E Mezzich, C R Cloninger, N Christodoulou, E Villar, J Appleyard, M Botbol
This article defines the scope of Person-Centered Medicine, traces its roots in ancient conceptions, explains the reasons for the revival of this perspective in our times, and highlights the contribution of the International College of Person-Centered Medicine (ICPCM) in the promotion of the personcentered perspective in health and disease. The value of communication is underlined with reference to both diagnosis and treatment. The concept of Health is considered historically and the inclusiveness, holistic vista and positive health orientation of the WHO definition of Health (1948) is underlined...
January 2018: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753834/age-adjusted-versus-clinical-probability-adjusted-d-dimer-to-exclude-pulmonary-embolism
#5
Sarah Takach Lapner, Scott M Stevens, Scott C Woller, Gregory Snow, Clive Kearon
INTRODUCTION: A low D-dimer can exclude suspected pulmonary embolism (PE) in cases with low or intermediate clinical probability of disease. Yet D-dimer is nonspecific, so many cases without PE require imaging. D-dimer's specificity is improved by increasing the threshold for a positive test with age (age × 10 ng/mL; age-adjusted D-dimer; AADD) or clinical probability of PE (1000 ng/mL if low and 500 ng/mL if intermediate clinical probability; clinical probability-adjusted D-dimer; CPADD)...
May 5, 2018: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749289/more-about-when-i-s-meet-the-intergroup-ramifications-of-i-sharing-part-ii
#6
Elizabeth C Pinel, Anson E Long, Leslie C Johnson, Geneva C Yawger
Previous research on I-sharing (the belief that one has shared the same, in-the-moment subjective experience with another person) revealed its promise for improving intergroup relations. We expand on this research by (a) pursuing the mechanism underlying I-sharing's effects; (b) asking whether I-sharing promotes positive, behavioral intergroup outcomes; and (c) asking whether the effects of I-sharing generalize to the outgroup at large. Study 1 rules out the possibility that I-sharing promotes liking for an outgroup member via a process of subtyping...
May 1, 2018: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741096/clinical-predictors-of-frontal-ostium-restenosis-after-draf-3-procedure-for-refractory-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#7
Xiaoqing Zhang, Ting Ye, Zhenxiao Huang, Qian Huang, Junfang Xian, Jing Li, Bing Zhou
Background The Draf 3 procedure has been demonstrated to be effective in the treatment of refractory frontal sinus disease. A variety of clinical factors may contribute to the change of frontal neo-ostium (FNO) area after this procedure. Imaging plays a vital role in the evaluation and follow-up after surgery and provides useful prognostic information. Objectives (1) To investigate the influence of local anatomic factors on FNO after a Draf 3 procedure by radiological measurements on imaging software and (2) to explore other predictive factors of FNO restenosis...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739096/measurement-differences-between-two-immunoassay-systems-for-lh-and-fsh-a-comparison-of-roche-cobas-e601-vs-abbott-architect-i2000sr
#8
Lianli Yin, Yinghua Tang, Xiang Chen, Yifan Sun
BACKGROUND: Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) regulate the growth and reproductive activity of gonadal tissue and determine the concentration of LH is essential for the prediction of ovulation. Collectively, FSH and LH are important measurements to ascertain the causes of infertility as well as diagnosing disorders such as polycystic ovary syndrome and pituitary and gonadal dysfunction. This study compares the correlation between LH and FSH measurements during examination with two different systems, Architect i2000sr (Abbott Laboratories; Lake Bluff, IL, USA) and Cobas e601 (Roche; Geneva, Switzerland), and assesses the differences between these systems...
March 1, 2018: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733493/prediction-of-short-term-prognosis-in-elderly-patients-with-acute-pulmonary-embolism-validation-of-the-riete-score
#9
E Jaquet, T Tritschler, O Stalder, A Limacher, M Méan, N Rodondi, D Aujesky
INTRODUCTION: The RIETE score was derived to identify patients with pulmonary embolism (PE) at low risk of overall complications. OBJECTIVE: To externally validated the RIETE score and compared its prognostic performance to the Pulmonary Embolism Severity Index (PESI), its simplified version (sPESI), and the Geneva Prognostic Score (GPS). METHODS: In a prospective multicenter cohort, we studied 687 elderly patients with acute PE. The primary outcome was 10-day overall complications (death, recurrent PE, or major bleeding), the secondary outcome was 30-day overall mortality...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733000/health-care-providers-in-war-and-armed-conflict-operational-and-educational-challenges-in-international-humanitarian-law-and-the-geneva-conventions-part-ii-educational-and-training-initiatives
#10
Frederick M Burkle, Adam L Kushner, Christos Giannou, Mary A Paterson, Sherry M Wren, Gilbert Burnham
ABSTRACTNo discipline has been impacted more by war and armed conflict than health care has. Health systems and health care providers are often the first victims, suffering increasingly heinous acts that cripple the essential health delivery and public health infrastructure necessary for the protection of civilian and military victims of the state at war. This commentary argues that current instructional opportunities to prepare health care providers fall short in both content and preparation, especially in those operational skill sets necessary to manage multiple challenges, threats, and violations under international humanitarian law and to perform triage management in a resource-poor medical setting...
May 7, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725715/fermented-dairy-products-consumption-is-associated-with-attenuated-cortical-bone-loss-independently-of-total-calcium-protein-and-energy-intakes-in-healthy-postmenopausal-women
#11
E Biver, C Durosier-Izart, F Merminod, T Chevalley, B van Rietbergen, S L Ferrari, R Rizzoli
A longitudinal analysis of bone microstructure in postmenopausal women of the Geneva Retirees Cohort indicates that age-related cortical bone loss is attenuated at non-bearing bone sites in fermented dairy products consumers, not in milk or ripened cheese consumers, independently of total energy, calcium, or protein intakes. INTRODUCTION: Fermented dairy products (FDP), including yogurts, provide calcium, phosphorus, and proteins together with prebiotics and probiotics, all being potentially beneficial for bone...
May 3, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724510/challenges-for-the-registration-of-vaccines-in-emerging-countries-differences-in-dossier-requirements-application-and-evaluation-processes
#12
Nora Dellepiane, Sonia Pagliusi
The divergence of regulatory requirements and processes in developing and emerging countries contributes to hamper vaccines' registration, and therefore delay access to high-quality, safe and efficacious vaccines for their respective populations. This report focuses on providing insights on the heterogeneity of registration requirements in terms of numbering structure and overall content of dossiers for marketing authorisation applications for vaccines in different areas of the world. While it also illustrates the divergence of regulatory processes in general, as well as the need to avoid redundant reviews, it does not claim to provide a comprehensive view of all processes nor existing facilitating mechanisms, nor is it intended to touch upon the differences in assessments made by different regulatory authorities...
April 30, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722501/-imported-malaria-in-geneva-between-2005-and-2016
#13
Romain Cordaillat, Elisabeth Delaporte, François Chappuis
As part of the epidemiological surveillance of malaria, cases reported in Geneva during the period 2005‑2016 were analyzed and compared to a similar retrospective study covering the period 1998‑2004. A total of 600 cases were reported, averaging 50 cases per year. African patients traveling to visit friends and relatives remain at particular risk. The disease was acquired in Africa in 89,6% of cases and Plasmodium falciparum was the predominant species (84,2 %). 41% of patients did not benefit from a pre-travel consultation...
May 2, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717960/handedness-and-the-neurocognitive-foundations-of-public-attitudes-about-international-laws-and-norms
#14
Michael C Grillo, Juris Pupcenoks, Keith B Lyle
Whether Geneva Conventions (GC) rights should apply to terrorists is a contentious question that has received little attention in public opinion research. Both personality and contextual factors may be important. We queried participants' support for applying the GC to alleged terrorists, but first we measured participants' authoritarianism and presented them with a scenario concerning an alleged terrorist. We manipulated whether (1) the scenario contained examples of GC rights and (2) the alleged terrorist's religious affiliation was Muslim or non-Muslim...
2018: Politics and the Life Sciences: the Journal of the Association for Politics and the Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717760/relation-of-disease-with-standardized-phase-angle-among-older-patients
#15
C E Graf, F R Herrmann, L Genton
BACKGROUND: A low phase angle (PA) has been associated with negative outcome in specific diseases. However, many patients suffer from several co-morbidities. This study aims at identifying the impact of the type and the severity of diseases on PA in a retrospective cohort study of older people. METHODS: We included all people ≥65 years who underwent a PA measurement (Nutriguard®) between 1990 and 2011 at the Geneva University Hospitals. PA was standardized for gender, age and body mass index according to German reference values...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710413/automated-pulmonary-embolism-risk-classification-and-guideline-adherence-for-computed-tomography-pulmonary-angiography-ordering
#16
Christian A Koziatek, Emma Simon, Leora I Horwitz, Danil V Makarov, Silas W Smith, Simon Jones, Soterios Gyftopoulos, Jordan L Swartz
BACKGROUND: The assessment of clinical guideline adherence for the evaluation of pulmonary embolism (PE) via computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA) currently requires either labor-intensive, retrospective chart review or prospective collection of PE risk scores at the time of CTPA order. The recording of clinical data in a structured manner in the electronic health record (EHR) may make it possible to automate the calculation of a patient's PE risk classification and determine whether the CTPA order was guideline concordant...
April 30, 2018: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710295/effect-of-5-day-nitrofurantoin-vs-single-dose-fosfomycin-on-clinical-resolution-of-uncomplicated-lower-urinary-tract-infection-in-women-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Angela Huttner, Anna Kowalczyk, Adi Turjeman, Tanya Babich, Caroline Brossier, Noa Eliakim-Raz, Katarzyna Kosiek, Begoña Martinez de Tejada, Xavier Roux, Shachaf Shiber, Ursula Theuretzbacher, Elodie von Dach, Dafna Yahav, Leonard Leibovici, Maciek Godycki-Cwirko, Johan W Mouton, Stephan Harbarth
Importance: The use of nitrofurantoin and fosfomycin has increased since guidelines began recommending them as first-line therapy for lower urinary tract infection (UTI). Objective: To compare the clinical and microbiologic efficacy of nitrofurantoin and fosfomycin in women with uncomplicated cystitis. Design, Setting, and Participants: Multinational, open-label, analyst-blinded, randomized clinical trial including 513 nonpregnant women aged 18 years and older with symptoms of lower UTI (dysuria, urgency, frequency, or suprapubic tenderness), a positive urine dipstick result (with detection of nitrites or leukocyte esterase), and no known colonization or previous infection with uropathogens resistant to the study antibiotics...
May 1, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708993/alcohol-use-abuse-and-dependence-in-an-older-european-population-results-from-the-mentdis_icf65-study
#18
Manuel Muñoz, Berta Ausín, Ana B Santos-Olmo, Martin Härter, Jana Volkert, Holger Schulz, Susanne Sehner, Maria Christina Dehoust, Anna Suling, Karl Wegscheider, Alessandra Canuto, Mike J Crawford, Luigi Grassi, Chiara Da Ronch, Yael Hershkovitz, Alan Quirk, Ora Rotenstein, Arieh Y Shalev, Jens Strehle, Kerstin Weber, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Sylke Andreas
BACKGROUND: Alcohol use disorders (AUD) in older people have been the subject of increasing interest in Europe and worldwide. However, thus far, no reliable data exist regarding the prevalence of AUD in people over the age of 65 years in Europe. OBJECTIVE: To assess the current (past month), 12-month and lifetime prevalence of alcohol use, abuse and dependence in people aged 65-84 years. STUDY DESIGN: The MentDis_ICF65+ study was a representative stepwise cross-sectional survey that was conducted in six European and associated cities (Hamburg, Germany; Ferrara, Italy; London/Canterbury, England; Madrid, Spain; Geneva, Switzerland and Jerusalem, Israel)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706140/health-care-providers-in-war-and-armed-conflict-operational-and-educational-challenges-in-international-humanitarian-law-and-the-geneva-conventions-part-i-historical-perspective
#19
Frederick M Burkle, Adam L Kushner, Christos Giannou, Mary A Paterson, Sherry M Wren, Gilbert Burnham
Since 1945, the reason for humanitarian crises and the way in which the world responds to them has dramatically changed every 10 to 15 years or less. Planning, response, and recovery for these tragic events have often been ad hoc, inconsistent, and insufficient, largely because of the complexity of global humanitarian demands and their corresponding response system capabilities. This historical perspective chronicles the transformation of war and armed conflicts from the Cold War to today, emphasizing the impact these events have had on humanitarian professionals and their struggle to adapt to increasing humanitarian, operational, and political challenges...
April 30, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703486/updated-clinical-models-for-vte-prediction-in-hospitalized-medical-patients
#20
Grigoris T Gerotziafas, Loula Papageorgiou, Stella Salta, Katerina Nikolopoulou, Ismail Elalamy
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) occurring in hospitalized medical patients is associated with increased length of hospitalization, high rate of acute care hospital transfer, longer inpatient rehabilitation and multiplication of health-care costs. Identification of acutely ill hospitalized medical patients eligible for thromboprophylaxis is a sophisticated process. Global VTE risk stems from the combination of predictors related with the acute medical illness, comorbidities, associated treatments and patients' intrinsic risk factors...
April 2018: Thrombosis Research
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