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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745961/the-benefits-of-interprofessional-education-10-years-on
#1
Paul Illingworth, Sonya Chelvanayagam
Interprofessional education (IPE) was first conceived in 1973 by a World Health Organization (WHO) expert group in Geneva. WHO member states were then charged with implementing medical education IPE pilot projects and from then to today there has a been a rapid proliferation in the number of publications on the subject. IPE has generated research into its use, conferences specific to IPE, organisations dedicated to it and policy championing it. The authors question whether there has been any major shift in the silos in which different professions might be working...
July 27, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726357/the-complexities-of-negative-dysphotopsia
#2
Ivayla I Geneva, Bonnie A Henderson
The appearance of a dark shadow in the temporal periphery, otherwise known as negative dysphotopsia, continues to be a problem for some patients after routine uncomplicated cataract surgery. Etiologies include type and design of intraocular lens (IOL), anatomical features and dimensions of the eye, pupil size, angle kappa, relationship of the optic to the anterior capsule, and the position of the optic/haptic junction of the IOL. Although the primary etiology remains controversial, it is clear that the cause is multifactorial...
July 18, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725907/development-of-a-new-immunoassay-for-human-cathepsin-k-generated-periostin-fragments-as-a-serum-biomarker-for-cortical-bone
#3
Patrick Garnero, Nicolas Bonnet, Serge L Ferrari
Periostin is a matricellular protein mainly expressed by periosteal cells and osteocytes in bone, but is also present in several other tissues. Available immunoassays use antibodies of unclear specificity. The aim of the study was to develop a bone-specific periostin ELISA based on the detection of fragments generated by the osteoclastic and osteocytic protease cathepsin K. In vitro digestion of human recombinant intact periostin by cathepsin K leads to the generation of multiple fragments. Using LS-MS/MS, it was found that the GSLQPIIK peptide was the most efficiently and abundantly generated periostin fragment...
July 19, 2017: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723245/reply-combining-efforts-for-positive-progress-in-the-gme-match-process
#4
Geneva Tatem, Maria Kokas, Cathy L Smith, Bruno DiGiovine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 19, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711398/comprehensive-maternity-support-and-shared-care-in-switzerland-comparison-of-levels-of-satisfaction
#5
Lucia Floris, Olivier Irion, Jocelyne Bonnet, Maria-Pia Politis Mercier, Claire de Labrusse
BACKGROUND: According to the woman-centred care model, continuous care by a midwife has a positive impact on satisfaction. Comprehensive support is a model of team midwifery care implemented in the large Geneva University Hospitals in Switzerland, which has organised shared care according to the biomedical model of practice. This model of care insures a follow up by a specific group of midwives, during perinatal period. AIM: The goal of this study was to evaluate the satisfaction and outcomes of the obstetric and neonatal care of women who received comprehensive support during pregnancy, childbirth and the postpartum period, and compare them to women who received shared care...
July 12, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700963/application-of-dip-strs-to-sexual-physical-assault-investigations-eight-case-reports
#6
Fabio Oldoni, Vincent Castella, Diana Hall
DIP-STRs are compound markers formed by a deletion/insertion polymorphism linked to a microsatellite. They enable the deconvolution of unbalanced DNA mixtures from two individuals, up to 1000 fold excess of one contributor. In practice, this novel tool allows to test for the presence of a DNA of interest in traces appearing not useful because of the masking effect of the major DNA contributor. Thus far two sets of DIP-STRs have been published: the first set was described as proof-of-principle, while the second set was specifically developed for forensic applications...
July 1, 2017: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688113/assessing-clinical-probability-of-pulmonary-embolism-prospective-validation-of-the-simplified-geneva-score-in-outpatients
#7
H Robert-Ebadi, K Mostaguir, M M Hovens, M Kare, F Verschuren, P Girard, M V Huisman, F Moustafa, P W Kamphuisen, H R Buller, M Righini, G Le Gal
BACKGROUND: Pretest probability assessment by a clinical prediction rule (CPR) is an important step in the management of patients with suspected pulmonary embolism (PE). A limitation to the use of CPR is that their constitutive variables and corresponding number of points are difficult to memorize. A simplified version of the Geneva score (i.e. attributing one point to each variable) has been proposed but never been prospectively validated. AIMS: Prospective validation of the simplified Geneva score (SGS) and comparison with the previous version of the Geneva score (GS)...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683951/diagnosis-and-exclusion-of-pulmonary-embolism
#8
Jeffrey A Kline
BACKGROUND: Failure to test for pulmonary embolism (PE) can be a lethal mistake, but PE and produces symptoms similar to many other diseases. Overtesting for PE has negative consequences. OBJECTIVES: Use published evidence to create a rationale and safe diagnostic approach for ambulatory and emergency patients with suspected PE in 2017. FINDINGS: Pulmonary embolism need not be pursued in patients with no symptoms of PE in the present or recent history (dyspnea, chest pain, cough or syncope), and always normal vital signs...
June 7, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681627/the-publication-of-newton-s-opera-omnia-in-geneva-and-lausanne-1739-1761-a-chapter-in-the-reception-of-newtonianism
#9
Niccolò Guicciardini
During the eighteenth century, several towns located in what is known today as the Suisse romande were extremely receptive toward scientific culture, and most notably Newtonianism. In this paper I deal with a nine-volume publication of Newton's Opera Omnia that was planned in Geneva and Lausanne during the late 1730s and 1740s. This publication has not received the attention it deserves. To the best of my knowledge, even an awareness of its existence is lacking in the literature devoted to the reception of Newtonianism...
July 1, 2017: History of Science; An Annual Review of Literature, Research and Teaching
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680647/accuracy-of-anthropometric-measurements-by-general-practitioners-in-overweight-and-obese-patients
#10
Paul Sebo, François R Herrmann, Dagmar M Haller
BACKGROUND: We recently showed that abdominal obesity measurements (waist and hip circumference, waist-to-hip ratio) were inaccurate when performed by general practitioners (GPs). We hypothesise that measurement error could be even higher in overweight and obese patients due to difficulty in locating anatomical landmarks. We aimed to estimate GPs' measurement error of general (weight, height and body mass index (BMI)) and abdominal obesity measurements across BMI subgroups. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved 26 GPs in Geneva, Switzerland...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669215/iacapap-textbook-of-child-and-adolescent-mental-healthedited-by-joseph-m-rey-m-d-ph-d-geneva-international-association-for-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-and-allied-professions-2015-downloadable-pdfs
#11
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663294/draft-genome-sequence-of-kingella-negevensis-sw7208426-the-first-european-strain-of-k-negevensis-isolated-from-a-healthy-child-in-switzerland
#12
Nawal El Houmami, Jacques Schrenzel, Pablo Yagupsky, Catherine Robert, Dimitri Ceroni, Didier Raoult, Pierre-Edouard Fournier
We report here the draft genome of Kingella negevensis strain SW7208426, isolated from the oropharynx of a healthy 6-year-old boy in Geneva, Switzerland. To our knowledge, this is the first genome report of the newly described K. negevensis species from Europe.
June 29, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661965/pyogenic-tenosynovitis-in-infants-a-case-series
#13
Céline Lironi, Christina Steiger, Céline Juchler, Vasiliki Spyropoulou, Eleftheria Samara, Dimitri Ceroni
Pyogenic tenosynovitis is an uncommon condition in children and there are few published case reports. We present a series of 11 cases who were treated in the Geneva's Children Hospital in the last 10 years. Kingella kingae was the main pathogen and the characteristics of infection (inflammatory indices, clinical findings and severity) are similar to other osteoarticular K kingae's infections in infants.
June 28, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661364/recombinant-antibodies-for-academia-a-practical-approach
#14
Pierre Cosson, Oliver Hartley
After several decades of optimization, phage display technology enables the routine isolation and production of recombinant monoclonal antibodies in vitro. As such it has the potential to provide the academic community with a vast, inexpensive and renewable supply of well-characterized reagents, reducing bottlenecks in basic science, helping increase reproducibility of experiments, and phasing out the use of animals for production and discovery of antibodies. Yet the overwhelming majority of fundamental research laboratories still use incompletely characterized antibodies developed in animals...
December 21, 2016: Chimia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656257/world-health-organization-radiofrequency-radiation-and-health-a-hard-nut-to-crack-review
#15
Lennart Hardell
In May 2011 the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) evaluated cancer risks from radiofrequency (RF) radiation. Human epidemiological studies gave evidence of increased risk for glioma and acoustic neuroma. RF radiation was classified as Group 2B, a possible human carcinogen. Further epidemiological, animal and mechanistic studies have strengthened the association. In spite of this, in most countries little or nothing has been done to reduce exposure and educate people on health hazards from RF radiation...
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655428/balancing-autonomy-and-protection-a-qualitative-analysis-of-court-hearings-dealing-with-protective-measures
#16
REVIEW
Marie Fallon-Kund, Michaela Coenen, Jerome E Bickenbach
Respect for individual autonomy is at the core of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD). However, the need to protect persons with disabilities, especially those with cognitive impairments and psychosocial conditions, from outright exploitation, violence and abuse is explicitly provided for in article 16. Legal authorities still decide on a daily basis upon the institution of measures, which aim to protect vulnerable persons and unavoidably impact on the autonomy of persons concerned, known as guardianship, curatorship or administration...
June 24, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639770/-long-term-physical-activity-after-a-myocardial-infarction-a-permanent-challenge
#17
Elena Tessitore, Philippe Sigaud, Philippe Meyer, François Mach
Cardiac rehabilitation is a well-defined multidisciplinary program with the objective to reduce mortality and morbidity, while also improving the exercise capacity and quality of life of the patient following a myocardial infarction. Despite the fact that a cardiovascular rehabilitation program is now recommended by international guidelines for all patients who have suffered from an acute coronary syndrome, only half of all patients actually participate to such a program in Switzerland. Even worse, especially when taking into consideration the population in Geneva, less than 5 % of patients follow a long-term cardiac maintenance program (phase III)...
May 24, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636297/-supportive-care-in-oncology-a-real-change-for-patients
#18
Alex Friedlaender, Samuel Blaser, Christophe Luthy, Angela Pugliesi Rinaldi
With the increased incidence of cancers due to an aging population, and a prolonged survival thanks to advances in cancer treatments, new therapeutic challenges have arisen. The management of symptoms, the tolerance of increasingly effective oncologic treatments and, finally, quality of life are central concerns of patients and their loved ones. Supportive care in oncology has helped meet these challenges, offering a holistic approach, encompassing somatic, psychiatric and social aid. Inaugurated in 2005, the oncologic supportive care unit of the Geneva University Hospitals allows many cancer patients access to a team of multidisciplinary care-givers to help meet their needs...
May 17, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635149/underuse-of-risk-assessment-and-overuse-of-ctpa-in-patients-with-suspected-pulmonary-thromboembolism
#19
Michael Perera, Leena Aggarwal, Ian A Scott, Nicholas Cocks
INTRODUCTION: Evidence suggests potential overuse of computerised tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA) in patients with suspected pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) in the absence of consistent use of pre-test clinical prediction rules and D-dimer assays. METHODS: 344 consecutive patients undergoing CTPA at a tertiary hospital were studied for use of D-dimer assays and clinical prediction rules for PTE. For each patient, a modified Wells score (mWS), revised Geneva score (rGS) and PISA model were calculated retrospectively; performance characteristics for each rule for PTE were determined in reference to results of CTPA...
June 21, 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632009/self-observation-and-peer-feedback-as-a-faculty-development-approach-for-problem-based-learning-tutors-a-program-evaluation
#20
Irène Garcia, Richard W James, Paul Bischof, Anne Baroffio
PROBLEM: Good teaching requires spontaneous, immediate, and appropriate action in response to various situations. It is even more crucial in problem-based learning (PBL) tutorials, as the tutors, while directing students toward the identification and attainment of learning objectives, must stimulate them to contribute to the process and provide them with constructive feedback. PBL tutors in medicine lack opportunities to receive feedback from their peers on their teaching strategies. Moreover, as tutorials provide little or no time to stop and think, more could be learned by reflecting on the experience than from the experience itself...
July 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
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