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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327279/emotion-recognition-and-psychological-comorbidity-in-friedreich-s-ataxia
#1
Teresa Costabile, Veronica Capretti, Filomena Abate, Agnese Liguori, Francesca Paciello, Chiara Pane, Anna De Rosa, Silvio Peluso, Giuseppe De Michele, Alessandro Filla, Francesco Saccà
Friedreich's ataxia (FRDA) is an autosomal recessive disease presenting with ataxia, corticospinal signs, peripheral neuropathy, and cardiac abnormalities. Little effort has been made to understand the psychological and emotional burden of the disease. The aim of our study was to measure patients' ability to recognize emotions using visual and non-verbal auditory hints, and to correlate this ability with psychological, neuropsychological, and neurological variables. We included 20 patients with FRDA, and 20 age, sex, and education matched healthy controls (HC)...
January 11, 2018: Cerebellum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317005/a-quantitative-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-effectiveness-of-oral-cholera-vaccine-as-a-reactive-measure-in-cholera-outbreaks
#2
Patricia Schwerdtle, Coretta-Kings Onekon, Katrina Recoche
Introduction The efficacy of oral cholera vaccines (OCVs) in laboratory conditions has been established, and the World Health Organization (WHO; Geneva, Switzerland) has recommended their preventative use in high-risk settings. The WHO recommendation has not been fully operationalized, nor has it been extended to apply to the reactive use of OCVs in real field epidemic conditions due to concerns about potential resource diversion, feasibility, cost, and acceptability. The purpose of this study is to assess and synthesize existing evidence of OCV effectiveness when used reactively in real field conditions...
January 10, 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314249/functional-performances-on-admission-predict-in-hospital-falls-injurious-falls-and-fractures-in-older-patients-a-prospective-study
#3
Mélany Hars, Marie-Claude Audet, François Herrmann, Jean De Chassey, René Rizzoli, Jean-Luc Reny, Gabriel Gold, Serge Ferrari, Andrea Trombetti
Falls are common among older inpatients, and remain a great challenge for hospitals. Despite the relevance of physical impairments to falls, the prognostic value of performance-based functional measures for in-hospital falls and injurious falls remains unknown. This study aimed to determine the predictive ability and accuracy of various functional tests administered at or close to admission in a geriatric hospital to identify in-hospital fallers and injurious fallers. In this prospective study, conducted in a geriatric hospital in Geneva (Switzerland), 807 inpatients (mean age, 85...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306887/developing-professional-caregivers-empathy-and-emotional-competencies-through-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-mbsr-results-of-two-proof-of-concept-studies
#4
Martin Lamothe, Pierre McDuff, Yves D Pastore, Michel Duval, Serge Sultan
OBJECTIVES: To assess the feasibility and acceptability of a mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR)-based intervention and determine if the intervention is associated with a significant signal on empathy and emotional competencies. DESIGN: Two pre-post proof-of-concept studies. SETTING: Participants were recruited at the University of Montreal's Psychology Department (Study 1) and the CHU Sainte-Justine Department of Hematology-Oncology (Study 2)...
January 5, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305222/a-novel-method-to-measure-the-external-auditory-canal-normative-data-and-practical-implications
#5
Jason Barnes, Roy T Sabo, Daniel H Coelho
PURPOSE: To accurately measure external auditory canal (EAC) dimensions by high resolution computed tomography (CT), and compare results with a traditional method of EAC measurement. METHODS: Using an advanced multidimensional open source digital imaging and communications in medicine (DICOM) analysis program (OsiriX, Pixmeo, Geneva, Switzerland) 91 adult EACs were analyzed on a previously obtained temporal bone CT scan. Tympanometric data were also recorded for each ear...
December 14, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304528/comparative-performance-of-clinical-risk-assessment-models-for-hospital-acquired-venous-thromboembolism-in-medical-patients
#6
Marc Blondon, David Spirk, Nils Kucher, Drahomir Aujesky, Daniel Hayoz, Jürg H Beer, Marc Husmann, Beat Frauchiger, Wolfgang Korte, Walter A Wuillemin, Henri Bounameaux, Marc Righini, Mathieu Nendaz
BACKGROUND:  Improved thromboprophylaxis for acutely ill medical patients relies on valid predictions of thrombotic risks. Our aim was to compare the performance of the Improve and Geneva clinical risk assessment models (RAMs), and to simplify the current Geneva RAM. METHODS:  Medical inpatients from eight Swiss hospitals were prospectively followed during 90 days, for symptomatic venous thromboembolism (VTE) or VTE-related death. We compared discriminative performance and calibration of the RAMs, using time-to-event methods with competing risk modelling of non-VTE death...
January 2018: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298744/-the-swiss-border-veterinary-service-in-the-20th-century
#7
J Schluep
The first animal disease act of Switzerland was released in 1872. Its revision in 1886 brought the basis for establishing a border veterinary inspection service. This service was first reporting to the federal Ministry of Agriculture; after 1914, the newly created Federal Veterinary Office became responsible for it. The border checks were first limited to live biungulate animals and horses; later on they were extended to meat and meat products and finally to venison and fishery products. At the beginning, part-time veterinarians with own practice were engaged...
January 2018: Schweizer Archiv Für Tierheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297718/evaluation-of-physiologic-alterations-during-prehospital-paramedic-performed-rapid-sequence-intubation
#8
Robert G Walker, Lynn J White, Geneva N Whitmore, Alexander Esibov, Michael K Levy, Gregory C Cover, Joel D Edminster, James M Nania
OBJECTIVE: Physiologic alterations during rapid sequence intubation (RSI) have been studied in several emergency airway management settings, but few data exist to describe physiologic alterations during prehospital RSI performed by ground-based paramedics. To address this evidence gap and provide guidance for future quality improvement initiatives in our EMS system, we collected electronic monitoring data to evaluate peri-intubation vital signs changes occurring during prehospital RSI...
January 3, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289061/extending-sharpness-calculation-for-an-alternative-loudness-metric-input
#9
S Hales Swift, Kent L Gee
Sound quality metrics help improve the psychoacoustic acceptability of devices and environments by modeling and thus enabling deliberate improvement of perceptual attributes. Sharpness as defined in DIN 45692 [(2009). Deutsches Institut für Normung, Berlin] requires inputs from Zwicker's loudness metric [ISO 532-1 (2017). International Organization for Standardization, Geneva]. This letter demonstrates that sharpness can be formulated to accept specific loudness values from Moore and Glasberg's loudness metric [ISO 532-2 (2017)...
December 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278493/crystal-structure-evolution-and-notable-thermal-expansion-in-hybrid-perovskites-formamidinium-tin-iodide-and-formamidinium-lead-bromide
#10
Emily C Schueller, Geneva Laurita, Douglas H Fabini, Constantinos C Stoumpos, Mercouri G Kanatzidis, Ram Seshadri
The temperature-dependent structure evolution of the hybrid halide perovskite compounds, formamidinium tin iodide (FASnI3, FA+ = CH[NH2]2+) and formamidinium lead bromide (FAPbBr3), has been monitored using high-resolution synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction between 300 and 100 K. The data are consistent with a transition from cubic Pm3m (No. 221) to tetragonal P4/mbm (No. 127) for both materials upon cooling; this occurs for FAPbBr3 between 275 and 250 K, and for FASnI3 between 250 and 225 K. Upon further cooling, between 150 and 125 K, both materials undergo a transition to an orthorhombic Pnma (No...
December 26, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243555/philanthropy-and-the-nation-state-in-global-health-the-gates-foundation-in-india
#11
Manjari Mahajan
In recent years, philanthropic actors such as the Gates Foundation have been understood as commanding sweeping influence in global health. They have been associated with the outsourcing of public health services, shifting of policy priorities, and the eventual sidelining of national governments. This article makes a different argument about the impact of global philanthropic actors. It focuses on the work of the Gates Foundation in India over the last decade and a half, tracing how the foundation initially circumvented the national government but then moved on to a discourse of partnership...
December 15, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239902/oath-taking-at-u-s-and-canadian-medical-school-ceremonies-historical-perspectives-current-practices-and-future-considerations
#12
Steven J Scheinman, Patrick Fleming, Kellyann Niotis
The widespread use of oaths at medical commencements is a recent phenomenon of the late 20th century. While many are referred to as "Hippocratic," surveys have found that most oaths are modern, and the use of unique oaths has been rising. Oaths taken upon entry to medical school are even more recent, and their content has not been reported. The authors surveyed all Association of American Medical Colleges member schools in the United States and Canada in 2015 and analyzed oath texts. Of 111 (70.2%) responses, full texts were submitted for 80 commencement and 72 white coat oaths...
December 12, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235929/the-nomological-network-of-emotion-knowledge-and-emotion-understanding-in-adults-evidence-from-two-new-performance-based-tests
#13
Katja Schlegel, Klaus R Scherer
Emotion understanding, which can broadly be defined as expertise in the meaning of emotion, is a core component of emotional intelligence and facilitates better intra- and interpersonal outcomes. However, to date only very few standard tests to measure emotion understanding in healthy adults exist. Here, we present two new performance-based tests that were developed and are scored based on componential emotion theory and large-scale cross-cultural empirical findings. These instruments intend to measure facets of emotion understanding that are not included in existing tests...
December 13, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233165/the-global-fund-s-paradigm-of-oversight-monitoring-and-results-in-mozambique
#14
Ashley Warren, Roberto Cordon, Michaela Told, Don de Savigny, Ilona Kickbusch, Marcel Tanner
BACKGROUND: The Global Fund is one of the largest actors in global health. In 2015 the Global Fund was credited with disbursing close to 10 % of all development assistance for health. In 2011 it began a reform process in response to internal reviews following allegations of recipients' misuse of funds. Reforms have focused on grant application processes thus far while the core structures and paradigm have remained intact. We report results of discussions with key stakeholders on the Global Fund, its paradigm of oversight, monitoring, and results in Mozambique...
December 12, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223985/external-validation-of-generic-and-cancer-specific-risk-stratification-tools-in-patients-with-pulmonary-embolism-and-active-cancer
#15
Erin R Weeda, Jonathan T Caranfa, Simon B Zeichner, Craig I Coleman, Elaine Nguyen, Christine G Kohn
Background: Numerous risk stratification tools exist to predict early post-pulmonary embolism (PE) mortality; however, few were specifically designed for use in patients with cancer. This study sought to evaluate the performance of 3 cancer-specific (RIETE, POMPE-C, and Font criteria) and 3 generic (Hestia, Pulmonary Embolism Severity Index [PESI], and Geneva prognostic score [GPS]) risk stratification tools for predicting 30-day post-PE mortality in patients with active cancer. Methods: We identified consecutive, adult, objectively confirmed patients with PE and active cancer presenting to our institution from November 2010 to January 2014...
December 2017: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218587/facial-expression-analysis-with-affdex-and-facet-a-validation-study
#16
Sabrina Stöckli, Michael Schulte-Mecklenbeck, Stefan Borer, Andrea C Samson
The goal of this study was to validate AFFDEX and FACET, two algorithms classifying emotions from facial expressions, in iMotions's software suite. In Study 1, pictures of standardized emotional facial expressions from three databases, the Warsaw Set of Emotional Facial Expression Pictures (WSEFEP), the Amsterdam Dynamic Facial Expression Set (ADFES), and the Radboud Faces Database (RaFD), were classified with both modules. Accuracy (Matching Scores) was computed to assess and compare the classification quality...
December 7, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212042/facial-nerve-injury-and-other-complications-following-retromandibular-subparotid-approach-for-the-management-of-condylar-fractures
#17
Stéphane Bruneau, Delphine S Courvoisier, Paolo Scolozzi
PURPOSE: To estimate the prevalence and identify risk factors for facial nerve paralysis (FNP) and other postoperative complications after the use of the retromandibular subparotid approach (RMSA) for the treatment of condylar fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Radiologic and clinical data from all patients who underwent an RMSA from 2007 through 2015 at the University Hospital of Geneva (Geneva, Switzerland) were retrospectively reviewed. The primary and secondary outcome variables were, respectively, FNP and other complications (unesthetic scars, infection, nonunion, malocclusion, salivary fistula, Frey syndrome, and loosening or breaking of plates and screws)...
December 3, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211374/-splanchnic-vein-thrombosis
#18
Bobby Gouin, Helia Robert-Ebadi, Alessandro Casini, Yan Beauverd, Pierre Fontana, Marc Righini, Laure Elkrief
Splanchnic vein thromboses include thrombosis of the portal venous system (including the portal, mesenteric and splenic vein) and hepatic vein thrombosis (also called Budd-Chiari syndrome). They are rare manifestations of venous thromboembolism. These thromboses are frequently associated with local or systemic factors. The therapeutic approach is often complex due to heterogeneity of patients and limited available data in the literature. The cornerstone of treatment is anticoagulation. However, the bleeding risk, related to portal hypertension, should be accurately assessed to individualize the treatment...
December 6, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201770/elimination-of-hepatitis-viruses-bangladesh-scenario
#19
REVIEW
Mamun Al Mahtab
The World Health Organization (WHO) has adopted targets unanimously at the World Health Assembly in July 2016, in Geneva, to significantly curtail hepatitis B and C viruses to near extinction by 2030. Preparations are now ongoing in all WHO member nations across the globe to reach this ambitious, but perhaps achievable target. In Bangladesh, hepatologists, nongovernmental organizations, civil society, and patients have joined hands with the government in this global fight against viral hepatitis. How to cite this article: Mahtab MA...
January 2017: Euroasian Journal of Hepato-Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197169/human-like-me-evidence-that-i-sharing-humanizes-the-otherwise-dehumanized
#20
Elizabeth C Pinel, Geneva C Yawger, Anson E Long, Nolan Rampy, Robert Brenna, Sasha K Finnell
People persistently undermine the humanness of outgroup members, leaving researchers perplexed as to how to address this problem of 'dehumanization' (Haslam & Loughnan, , Ann Rev of Psychol, 65, 399; Leyens, , Group Process Intergroup Relat, 12, 807). Here, we test whether I-sharing (i.e., sharing a subjective experience) counters this tendency by promoting the humanization of outgroup members. In Study 1, White participants had a face-to-face meeting with a White or Black confederate and either did or did not I-share with this confederate...
December 2017: British Journal of Social Psychology
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