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Dorota Kwiatkowska, Marzena Wójtowicz, Anna Jarek, Catrin Goebel, Katarzyna Chajewska, Ewa Turek-Lepa, Andrzej Pokrywka, Rymantas Kazlauskas
Reports of new designer agents banned in sport being detected in supplements widely available for athletes are constantly emerging. The task of anti-doping laboratories is to control athletes for the presence of substances listed by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) and those that are structurally/biologically similar to them. Recently, a new designer stimulant, N,N-dimethyl-2-phenylpropan-1-amine (NN-DMPPA), was detected by the WADA accredited anti-doping laboratory in Warsaw during routine anti-doping control...
April 2015: Drug Testing and Analysis
Aasim I Padela, Taha A Basser
Islamic ethico-legal assessments of brain death are varied and controversial. Some Islamic ethico-legal bodies have concluded that brain death is equivalent to cardiopulmonary death; others regard it as an intermediate state between life and death, and a few opine that it does not meet the standards for legal death according to Islamic law. Yet this translation of the concept of brain death into the Islamic ethico-legal domain has generated multiple ethical complexities that receive insufficient attention within the extant medical and fiqh literature...
September 2012: Medicine and Law
Jonathan Andrews
The second part of this paper explores deepening doubts about pyromania as a special insanity, British debates post-1890, and pyromania's supplanting with the broader diagnostic category of insane incendiarism. It assesses the conceptual importance of revenge and morbid-motivations for arson, and the relationship of Victorian and Edwardian concepts of arson to more modern psychiatric research.The main objective is to ascertain the extent to which Victorian and Edwardian medico-psychologists and medical legists arrived at meaningful and workable definitions of criminal insanity linked to arson...
December 2010: History of Psychiatry
A Rozali, H Khairuddin, M S Sherina, B Mohd Zin, A Sulaiman
Occupational divers are exposed to hazards which contribute to the risk of developing decompression illnesses (DCI). DCI consists of Type I decompression sickness (DCS), Type II DCS and arterial gas embolism (AGE), developed from formation of bubbles in the tissues or circulation as a result of inadequate elimination of inert gas (nitrogen) after a dive. In Malaysia, DCI is one of the significant contributions to mortality and permanent residual morbidity in diving accidents. This is a case of a diver who suffered from Type II DCS with neurological complications due to an occupational diving activity...
June 2008: Medical Journal of Malaysia
Andrés Romero-y Huesca, Miguel Angel Soto-Miranda, Francisco Javier Ponce-Landín, Juan Carlos Moreno-Rojas
The University of Bologna was founded in 1150 and was the first European University to establish this educational trend. The combination of structured teaching and student associations marked the origin of the studium generale. The presence of teaching legists encouraged teachers in others fields to come to Bologna. Ars dictaminis, grammar, logic, philosophy, mathematics and especially medicine were taught there by the middle of the thirteenth century. The university offered advanced instruction in law, medicine, and theology and had a minimum of six to eight professors teaching civil law, canonical law, medicine, logic, natural philosophy and usually rhetoric...
September 2006: Cirugia y Cirujanos
Andrés Romero y Huesca, Juan Carlos Moreno-Rojas, Miguel Angel Soto-Miranda, Francisco Javier Ponce-Landín, Daniel Alejandro Hernández, Julio Ramírez-Bollas
The foundation date of the University of Bologna was 1150, was the first European University and set the pattern. The combination of structured teaching and students association marked the origin of the studium generale. The presence of teaching legists encouraged teachers in others fields to come to Bologna. Ars dictaminis, grammar, logic, philosophy, mathematical arts and especially medicine were taught there by the middle of the thirteenth century. The university had to offer advanced instruction in law, medicine, and theology, had a minimum of six to eight professors teaching civil law, canon law, medicine, logic, natural philosophy and usually rhetoric...
March 2006: Revista de Investigación Clínica; Organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
V S Savel'ev, V M Koshkin, E M Nosenko, L V Dadova, O A Gracheva, I V Koshkina, V F Agafonov
The paper presents characteristic features of lower limb atherosclerotic lesions in patients with diabetes mellitus: more prominent calcification of vascular wall (involving media), frequent involvement of distal vascular segments and a symmetry of lesions. Typical variants are shown in images obtained with duplex angioscanning. The authors conclude that there are no principal differences in the course of lower limb arteriosclerosis obliterans between diabetics and non-diabetics. Nevertheless some special features were mentioned, particularly in clinical manifestation of intermittent claudication that can be attributed to concurrent diabetic neuropathy...
2003: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
Claude Sureau
In the field of human procreation, the problems raised by bioethics are multiple and complex. First, there is the request from couples and individuals with regards to the management of procreation, not only the negative requests, be it contraception or abortion, but also the positive requests concerning medically assisted procreation. Then there is the practitioner's response to the request, particularly for assisted procreation. The practitioner is at the heart of conflicting interests between the needs or desires of the patients and the reluctance, legitimate or not, of society, with the implication of a third person, embryo, fetus or newborn...
April 13, 2002: La Presse Médicale
R R Jacobina
Beriberi outbreaks in the São João de Deus Asylum, 1897-1904, are presented, focusing on studies by legist physician Nina Rodrigues. The goals were: to trace the steps of the original investigation of an unknown disease; to understand the purpose of excluding mentally ills in an asylum institution. Methodology encompassed occurence narration and qualitative analytical procedures for the documental interpretation of voluntary and involuntary testimonies, combined with statistical treatment of measurable data...
March 2001: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
G S Barolin
Thorough examinations and discussions made clear: brain-death must be identical with the total death of the individual person. This must be the basis for legal organ transplantation. However--as men always tend to make bad things out of good--there exists criminal organ trade, including murder on order. Serious medicine as well as the serious patient must keep complete distance to these malpractices, even regarding that there are scarcity of organs for transplantation and long waiting lists. Different countries have different legistic regulations...
1998: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
G Bauer
Procuring death is in the borderline area between life and death. Nowadays there is general agreement on the validity of the formula that the physician shall not be instrumental in inducing death but only in easing the process of dying. From the medico-legal point of view the problems must be treated in relation to the provisions of criminal law which constitute the physician's legistic field of tension in the situations at issue. From these passages of law emerge some basic principles to be observed by the physician when having to take decisions in borderline cases between life and death...
July 31, 1986: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
S B Blume
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1977: New York State Journal of Medicine
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