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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633884/differences-in-practice-characteristics-between-male-and-female-chiropractors-in-switzerland
#1
Regina Vollenweider, Cynthia K Peterson, B Kim Humphreys
OBJECTIVES: A total of 75% of the chiropractic medicine students in the new program at the University of Zürich are women, which is in stark contrast to the traditional ratio of chiropractors in Switzerland, where 75% have been men. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to compare work behaviors between female and male chiropractors relating to workload, patient variety, and chiropractic treatment techniques. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of data from the Swiss Job Analysis 2009 study...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627055/cholelithiasis-in-adult-bearded-dragons-retrospective-study-of-nine-adult-bearded-dragons-pogona-vitticeps-with-cholelithiasis-between-2013-and-2015-in-southern-germany
#2
A Gimmel, H Kempf, S Öfner, D Müller, A Liesegang
With an increased number of pet reptiles, many diseases occur due to nutritional disorders. Between 2013 and 2015, irregular gallbladder contents (sludge/choleliths) in adult bearded dragons (Pogona vitticeps) were recorded in many of the routinely conducted necropsies at the reptile rescue station in Munich (Auffangstation für Reptilien, München e.V., Munich, Germany). Nine animals, six from the rescue station and three from an associated veterinary practice (Tierärztliche Praxis für Exoten, Augsburg, Germany), were studied...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623596/impact-of-residency-training-level-on-the-surgical-quality-following-general-surgery-procedures
#3
Dominik Loiero, Maja Slankamenac, Pierre-Alain Clavien, Ksenija Slankamenac
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the safety of surgical performance by residents of different training level performing common general surgical procedures. METHODS: Data were consecutively collected from all patients undergoing general surgical procedures such as laparoscopic cholecystectomy, laparoscopic appendectomy, inguinal, femoral and umbilical hernia repair from 2005 to 2011 at the Department of Surgery of the University Hospital of Zurich, Switzerland. The operating surgeons were grouped into junior residents, senior residents and consultants...
June 16, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605420/prognostic-value-of-mean-pulmonary-artery-pressure-in-the-stable-phase-after-heart-transplantation
#4
Jan-Philip Molkentin, Matthias P Nägele, Michelle Frank, Isabella Sudano, Frank Enseleit, Markus J Wilhelm, Thomas F Lüscher, Francesco Maisano, Frank Ruschitzka, Andreas J Flammer
OBJECTIVES: In heart transplant recipients, elevated mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP) shortly before or after transplantation represents a powerful predictor for an adverse short-term outcome. Less is known on cardiac and pulmonary pressures measured in the stable phase after heart transplantation. The aim of this study was to assess the predictive value of mPAP, mean pulmonary capillary wedge pressure and mean central venous pressure in the stable phase after transplantation. METHODS: All patients ( n  = 260, mean age 47...
June 9, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601791/effect-of-operational-and-water-quality-parameters-on-conventional-ozonation-and-the-advanced-oxidation-process-o3-h2o2-kinetics-of-micropollutant-abatement-transformation-product-and-bromate-formation-in-a-surface-water
#5
Marc Bourgin, Ewa Borowska, Jakob Helbing, Juliane Hollender, Hans-Peter Kaiser, Cornelia Kienle, Christa S McArdell, Eszter Simon, Urs von Gunten
The efficiency of ozone-based processes under various conditions was studied for the treatment of a surface water (Lake Zürich water, Switzerland) spiked with 19 micropollutants (pharmaceuticals, pesticides, industrial chemical, X-ray contrast medium, sweetener) each at 1 μg L(-1). Two pilot-scale ozonation reactors (4-5 m(3) h(-1)), a 4-chamber reactor and a tubular reactor, were investigated by either conventional ozonation and/or the advanced oxidation process (AOP) O3/H2O2. The effects of selected operational parameters, such as ozone dose (0...
May 11, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570294/blind-intubation-through-self-pressurized-disposable-supraglottic-airway-laryngeal-intubation-masks-an-international-multicenter-prospective-cohort-study
#6
Kurt Ruetzler, Sandra Esther Guzzella, David Werner Tscholl, Tanja Restin, Marco Cribari, Alparslan Turan, Jing You, Daniel I Sessler, Burkhardt Seifert, Tomasz Gaszynski, Michael T Ganter, Donat R Spahn
INTRODUCTION: Supraglottic airway devices commonly are used for securing the airway during general anesthesia. Occasionally, intubation with an endotracheal tube through a supraglottic airway is indicated. Reported success rates for blind intubation range from 15 to 97%. The authors thus investigated as their primary outcome the fraction of patients who could be intubated blindly with an Air-Qsp supraglottic airway device (Mercury Medical, USA). Second, the authors investigated the influence of muscle relaxation on air leakage pressure, predictors for failed blind intubation, and associated complications of using the supraglottic airway device...
June 1, 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567658/left-ventricular-assist-devices-challenges-toward-sustaining-long-term-patient-care
#7
REVIEW
Marianne Schmid Daners, Friedrich Kaufmann, Raffael Amacher, Gregor Ochsner, Markus J Wilhelm, Aldo Ferrari, Edoardo Mazza, Dimos Poulikakos, Mirko Meboldt, Volkmar Falk
Over the last few decades, the left ventricular assist device (LVAD) technology has been tremendously improved transitioning from large and noisy paracorporeal volume displacement pumps to small implantable turbodynamic devices with only a single transcutaneous element, the driveline. Nevertheless, there remains a great demand for further improvements to meet the challenge of having a robust and safe device for long-term therapy. Here, we review the state of the art and highlight four key areas of needed improvement targeting long-term, sustainable LVAD function: (1) LVADs available today still have a high risk of thromboembolic and bleeding events that could be addressed by the rational fabrication of novel surface structures and endothelialization approaches aiming at improving the device hemocompatibility...
May 31, 2017: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566252/stop-measles-in-switzerland-the-importance-of-travel-medicine
#8
Silja Bühler, Phung Lang, Bettina Bally, Christoph Hatz, Veronika K Jaeger
BACKGROUND: In line with the worldwide strive to combat measles, the Swiss Federal Office of Public Heath (FOPH) launched a National Strategy for measles elimination 2011-2015. In this study, we highlight the importance of travel medicine consultations to complement measles vaccination programmes based on data from the Travel Clinic of the University of Zurich. METHOD: We analysed measles vaccination data from the Zurich Travel Clinic between July 2010 and February 2016 and focused on three groups: (i) all clients who received the measles vaccination, (ii) all clients aged>two years who received the measles vaccination ("catch-up vaccination"), and (iii) all clients aged>two years and born after 1963 ("FOPH recommended catch-up vaccination")...
May 29, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560941/thyroid-cancer-has-a-small-impact-on-patient-partner-relationships-and-their-frequency-of-sexual-activity
#9
Natalie Büel-Drabe, Hans Steinert, Hanspeter Moergeli, Steffi Weidt, Annina Seiler, Josef Jenewein
OBJECTIVE: This cross-sectional survey examined changes in perceived relationships and sexual activity in a sample of thyroid cancer patients and their partners, taking into account sociodemographic and disease-related variables, as well as such outcome measures as anxiety, depression, fatigue, and quality of life (QoL). METHOD: A total of 38 patients with thyroid cancer who were being treated at the department of nuclear medicine in Zürich or Lucerne over the preceding seven years, as well as their partners, completed questionnaires about the quality of their relationships (RQ), about perceptions of changes in their relationships, and about their frequency of sexual activity...
May 31, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557367/septic-keratitis-in-dogs-cats-and-horses-in-switzerland-associated-bacteria-and-antibiotic-susceptibility
#10
Anja Suter, Katrin Voelter, Sonja Hartnack, Bernhard Martin Spiess, Simon Anton Pot
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the most common bacterial pathogens associated with septic keratitis in veterinary patients from Switzerland. The second objective was to analyze antibiotic susceptibility test results of the identified bacterial pathogens. The third objective was to evaluate potential breed predispositions to septic keratitis. PROCEDURES: Two hundred and fifty-five cultures and antibiotic susceptibility reports from dogs, cats, and horses with septic keratitis that were presented to the University of Zurich Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital between 2009 and 2013 were reviewed...
May 29, 2017: Veterinary Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554112/wastewater-based-epidemiology-to-assess-pan-european-pesticide-exposure
#11
Nikolaos I Rousis, Emma Gracia-Lor, Ettore Zuccato, Richard Bade, Jose Antonio Baz-Lomba, Erika Castrignanò, Ana Causanilles, Adrian Covaci, Pim de Voogt, Félix Hernàndez, Barbara Kasprzyk-Hordern, Juliet Kinyua, Ann-Kathrin McCall, Benedek Gy Plósz, Pedram Ramin, Yeonsuk Ryu, Kevin V Thomas, Alexander van Nuijs, Zhugen Yang, Sara Castiglioni
Human biomonitoring, i.e. the determination of chemicals and/or their metabolites in human specimens, is the most common and potent tool for assessing human exposure to pesticides, but it suffers from limitations such as high costs and biases in sampling. Wastewater-based epidemiology (WBE) is an innovative approach based on the chemical analysis of specific human metabolic excretion products (biomarkers) in wastewater, and provides objective and real-time information on xenobiotics directly or indirectly ingested by a population...
May 21, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542848/change-of-transfusion-and-treatment-paradigm-in-major-trauma-patients
#12
P Stein, A Kaserer, K Sprengel, G A Wanner, B Seifert, O M Theusinger, D R Spahn
Trauma promotes trauma-induced coagulopathy, which requires urgent treatment with fixed-ratio transfusions of red blood cells, fresh frozen plasma and platelet concentrates, or goal-directed administration of coagulation factors based on viscoelastic testing. This retrospective observational study compared two time periods before (2005-2007) and after (2012-2014) the implementation of changes in trauma management protocols which included: use of goal-directed coagulation management; admission of patients to designated trauma centres; whole-body computed tomography scanning on admission; damage control surgery; permissive hypotension; restrictive fluid resuscitation; and administration of tranexamic acid...
May 23, 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525407/validation-and-cross-cultural-adaptation-of-the-korean-version-of-the-zurich-claudication-questionnaire-in-patients-with-lumbar-spinal-stenosis
#13
Ho-Joong Kim, Young-Kyun Lee, Dong Ook Kim, Bong-Soon Chang, Choon-Ki Lee, Jin S Yeom
STUDY DESIGN: Linguistic and psychometric validation of a translated questionnaire OBJECTIVE.: To validate the Korean version of Zurich claudication questionnaire (ZCQ) both linguistically and psychometrically. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The ZCQ is considered as a disease specific and gold standard measure for evaluation of patients with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS). However, there has been no validated Korean version of the ZCQ. METHODS: The ZCQ was translated forward and backward, culturally adapted by 2 independent translators, and approved by an expert committee...
May 18, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522822/physical-activity-and-risk-of-comorbidities-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-cohort-study
#14
Tsung Yu, Gerben Ter Riet, Milo A Puhan, Anja Frei
Multi-morbidity is common in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and low levels of physical activity are hypothesized to be an important risk factor. The current study aimed to assess the longitudinal association between physical activity and risk of seven categories of comorbidity in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients. The study included 409 patients from primary care practice in the Netherlands and Switzerland. We assessed physical activity using the Longitudinal Ageing Study Amsterdam Physical Activity Questionnaire at baseline and followed patients for up to 5 years...
May 18, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504236/switzerland-coronary-and-structural-heart-interventions-from-2010-to-2015
#15
Fabio Rigamonti, Gregor Fahrni, Micha Maeder, Stéphane Cook, Daniel Weilenmann, Peter Wenaweser, Christian Röthlisberger, Roberto Corti, Hans Rickli, Christoph Kaiser, Marco Roffi
In 2015, Switzerland had a population of 8.3 million inhabitants. Since the first coronary angioplasty performed by Andreas Grüntzig in Zurich in 1977, the number of percutaneous procedures has steadily increased. The aim of this report is to summarise the current state of catheter-based cardiac interventions in adults in the country and to detail trends between 2010 and 2015. Since 1987, the Working Group for Interventional Cardiology of the Swiss Society of Cardiology has collected annually aggregate data from all facilities with cardiac catheterisation laboratories in the country...
May 15, 2017: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502763/osteomyelitis-of-the-jaws-a-retrospective-series-of-40-patients
#16
C-V Andre, R-H Khonsari, D Ernenwein, P Goudot, B Ruhin
INTRODUCTION: The caseload of jaw osteomyelitis seem to have decreased considerably over the last fifty years thanks to the progress of oral hygiene, the appearance and the use of antibiotics, and early screening. 'Limited osteitis' remains frequent in general practice (alveolitis after dental extraction), but osteomyelitis is much rarer as evidenced by the lack of current literature and the low number of reported patients in the published series. The aim of this study was to analyze retrospectively all the cases of maxillo-mandibular osteomyelitis treated in a large academic department of Stomatology and Maxillofacial Surgery over a period of 6 years and to compare the results to data from the literature...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498779/evaluation-of-the-education-clinical-telemedicine-e-health-in-the-curriculum-of-medical-students-at-the-university-of-zurich
#17
Christiane Brockes, Thomas Grischott, Magdalena Dutkiewicz, Sabine Schmidt-Weitmann
BACKGROUND: Digitalization and patient empowerment result in new requirements and challenges. In response, the module "Clinical Telemedicine/e-Health" was implemented by the Faculty of Medicine of Zurich in 2008. The module was systematically evaluated to determine if the students would benefit from this course. In 2011, 2015, and 2016 further evaluations were performed. METHOD: In 2008 and 2009, students evaluated 16 statements. We calculated the combined mean value and medians for both evaluations...
May 12, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494071/correlation-between-dynamic-contour-tonometry-uncorrected-and-corrected-goldmann-applanation-tonometry-and-stage-of-glaucoma
#18
Josephine Wachtl, Marc Töteberg-Harms, Sonja Frimmel, Malgorzata Roos, Christoph Kniestedt
Importance: Accurate determination of intraocular pressure (IOP) is crucial for the diagnosis and management of glaucoma. Objective clinical evaluation of the correction equations for Goldmann applanation tonometry (GAT) is lacking. Objectives: To investigate the difference between corrected and conventional GAT and Pascal dynamic contour tonometry (DCT) measurements, as well as the correlation between discordant IOP values and stage of glaucoma. Design, Setting, and Participants: This prospective cross-sectional case series was conducted at the Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital Zurich, and Talacker Eye Center between July 1, 2011, and May 31, 2016, among 112 white patients with glaucoma...
June 1, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488260/cessation-of-extracorporeal-photopheresis-in-chronic-lung-allograft-dysfunction-effects-on-clinical-outcome-in-adults
#19
Cécile A Robinson, Lars Huber, Christian Murer, Macé Schuurmans, Malcolm Kohler, Günther Hofbauer, Christian Benden
BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal photopheresis (ECP) has been reported to be safe and the ultimate treatment option in lung transplant recipients with chronic lung allograft dysfunction (CLAD), the main overall cause of mortality in lung transplant recipients. However, ECP is not reimbursed in selected health jurisdictions, and reimbursement by health insurance providers is a major issue. In Switzerland, ECP is not recognised by the health authorities as a therapy option for CLAD; thus by the end of 2014, ECP had to be stopped in the majority of adult lung transplant recipients cared for at the University Hospital Zurich because of lack of continuous funding...
May 10, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480953/repair-restorations-questionnaire-survey-among-dentists-in-the-canton-of-zurich-switzerland
#20
Philipp Kanzow, Phoebe Dieckmann, Tim Hausdörfer, Thomas Attin, Annette Wiegand, Florian J Wegehaupt
The aim of this study was to carry out a representative survey on the implementation of and experience with repairs of single-tooth restorations among dentists in the Canton of Zurich, Switzerland. An anonymous questionnaire was sent to all 1,411 dentists registered in the Canton of Zurich; 38.9% of the delivered questionnaires were returned and 35.3% could be evaluated. The statistical analysis comprised Kendall’s rank correlation coefficient (tau), Wilcoxon signed-rank tests, and Kruskal-Wallis tests. The level of significance was set at p≤0...
2017: Swiss Dental Journal
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