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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636506/incidence-and-predictors-of-atrial-fibrillation-after-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery-detection-by-event-loop-recorder-monitoring-from-a-contemporary-multicentre-cohort
#1
Zainab Abdel-Salam, Wail Nammas
Background Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a frequent complication after cardiac surgery. We explored the incidence and predictors of post-operative AF at 30-day follow-up in an unselected multi-centre cohort of patients undergoing elective coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in contemporary practice. Methods and results We enrolled 740 consecutive patients scheduled for elective CABG with or without valve surgery. Cardiac rhythm was continuously monitored for 15 days after surgery by an ambulatory event loop recorder...
March 21, 2017: Acta Cardiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636504/prognostic-value-of-the-new-high-sensitive-cardiac-troponin-t-assay-hs-ctnt-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#2
Arash Mehdiani, Payam Akhyari, Hiroyuki Kamiya, Joachim Ahlers, Erhard Godehardt, Alexander Albert, Udo Boeken, Artur Lichtenberg
Background The aim of the study was to assess the value of post-operative cardiac troponin T-levels, measured with a new highly sensitive assay (hs-cTnT), as a suitable parameter to predict patients' outcome after cardiac surgery. With the introduction of the new hs-cTnT assay the correlation between measured levels and the post-operative patient's outcome remains to be evaluated. Methods Patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (n = 213) were included. Perioperative measurements of hs-cTnT and CK-MB were correlated to parameters of clinical outcome and further explored...
March 21, 2017: Acta Cardiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634771/off-pump-versus-on-pump-coronary-surgery-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-a-meta-analysis
#3
Yushu Wang, Sui Zhu, Peijuan Gao, Juteng Zhou, Qing Zhang
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have worse adverse cardiovascular outcomes after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). However, the adverse cardiovascular outcomes between off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB) versus on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (ONCAB) in these patients have been a subject of debate. METHODS: We undertook a comprehensive literature search of PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library database to identify all relevant studies comparing techniques between OPCAB and ONCAB in CKD patients...
June 20, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634554/false-positive-transit-time-flowmetry-graft-failure-in-multivessel-coronary-spasm-following-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#4
George Kassimis, George Krasopoulos
Intraoperative Transit Time Flowmetry is currently recommended to assess graft patency during coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), especially in presence of haemodynamic instability or inability to wean the patient from cardiopulmonary bypass, new regional wall motion abnormalities, or significant ventricular arrhythmias. The VeriQ™ system is one of the currently available systems, which detects imperfections that may be corrected by graft revision. In this case report, multivessel coronary spasm (CS) post-CABG interferes with these intraoperative parameters misleading initially into false results...
2017: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633279/off-pump-semicircular-annuloplasty-effective-treatment-of-concurrent-moderate-aortic-regurgitation
#5
Haiming Li, Chengxiong Gu
The treatment of aortic regurgitation (AR) in patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is a difficult problem. Aortic valve repair has become a promising therapy for AR. Various annuloplasty approaches have been used and have gained satisfactory results. Thus we adopted off-pump semicircular annuloplasty to treat concurrent moderate AR in 12 high-risk patients. Early follow-up results showed that this way is simple, safe, and effective.
July 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632537/platelet-counts-and-postoperative-stroke-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-surgery
#6
Jörn A Karhausen, Alan M Smeltz, Igor Akushevich, Mary Cooter, Mihai V Podgoreanu, Mark Stafford-Smith, Susan M Martinelli, Manuel L Fontes, Miklos D Kertai
BACKGROUND: Declining platelet counts may reveal platelet activation and aggregation in a postoperative prothrombotic state. Therefore, we hypothesized that nadir platelet counts after on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery are associated with stroke. METHODS: We evaluated 6 130 adult CABG surgery patients. Postoperative platelet counts were evaluated as continuous and categorical (mild versus moderate to severe) predictors of stroke. Extended Cox proportional hazard regression analysis with a time-varying covariate for daily minimum postoperative platelet count assessed the association of day-to-day variations in postoperative platelet count with time to stroke...
June 17, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630035/the-effects-of-preoperative-volume-replacement-in-diabetic-patients-undergoing-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-surgery-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial-verdict-trial
#7
Madeleine Clout, Tracy Harris, Chris Rogers, Lucy Culliford, Jodi Taylor, Gianni Angelini, Pradeep Narayan, Barnaby Reeves, James Hillier, Kate Ashton, Kunal Sarkar, Raimondo Ascione
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus is a major risk factor for prolonged hospital stays, renal failure, and mortality in patients having coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Complications pose a serious threat to patients and prolong intensive care and hospital stays. Low glomerular filtration rate (GFR) due to existing renal impairment or volume depletion may exacerbate acute renal impairment/failure in these patients. Preoperative volume replacement therapy (VRT) is reported to increase the GFR and we hypothesize that VRT will reduce renal impairment and related complications in diabetic patients...
June 19, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629228/use-of-provider-debriefing-to-improve-fast-track-extubation-rates-following-cardiac-surgery-at-an-academic-medical-center
#8
Jordan E Goldhammer, Jillian M Dashiell, Scott Davis, Marc C Torjman, Hitoshi Hirose
When used in appropriate patient populations, fast-track extubation (FTE) anesthetic techniques and intensive care unit (ICU) protocols safely reduce intubation times, ICU length of stay, and resource utilization. The authors hypothesized that perioperative provider debriefing on success or failure of FTE would improve FTE success. This retrospective observational study included consecutive patients undergoing elective coronary artery bypass graft (CABG), valve, or combined CABG/valve surgery between February 2015 and May 2016 (N = 313)...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Medical Quality: the Official Journal of the American College of Medical Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626146/mitral-valve-structure-in-addition-to-myocardial-viability-determines-the-outcome-of-functional-mitral-regurgitation-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#9
Shohei Yoshida, Satsuki Fukushima, Shigeru Miyagawa, Teruya Nakamura, Yasushi Yoshikawa, Hiroki Hata, Shunsuke Saito, Daisuke Yoshioka, Keitaro Domae, Noriyuki Kashiyama, Kouji Yamamoto, Ayumi Shintani, Satoshi Nakatani, Koichi Toda, Yoshiki Sawa
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) reduces functional mitral regurgitation (MR) associated with ischemic heart disease, although the predictive factors or mechanisms of reversibility of functional MR after CABG are not fully understood.We investigated whether mitral valve structure is associated with the outcome of functional MR after CABG.Methods and Results:From a consecutive series of 98 patients with mild-moderate functional MR preoperatively who underwent isolated CABG, we enrolled 66 patients who were followed up for >1 year postoperatively using echocardiography...
June 16, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625860/impact-of-telephone-counseling-on-the-quality-of-life-of-patients-discharged-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafts
#10
Ali Bikmoradi, Behnam Masmouei, Mohammad Ghomeisi, Ghodratollah Roshanaei, Italo Masiello
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess the impact of telephone counseling on quality of life in patients with coronary artery bypass graft. METHODS: A quasi-experimental study was conducted with 71 discharged patients after coronary artery bypass graft surgery at Ekbatan Edcuational hospital in Hamadan, Iran, in 2014. The patients were randomly allocated into intervention (n=36) and control group (n=35). The intervention group received education and counseling about therapeutic plan via telephone after discharge...
June 9, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625750/postoperative-delirium-in-patients-undergoing-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-according-to-the-anesthetic-agent-a-retrospective-study
#11
Chung-Sik Oh, Sewon Park, Seung Wan Hong, Woon-Seok Kang, Tae-Gyoon Yoon, Seong-Hyop Kim
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of two anesthetic agents (sevoflurane or propofol) on postoperative delirium (POD) in patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). DESIGN: Retrospective observational design. SETTING: University hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred ninety-two patients undergoing off-pump CABG who were anesthetized with sevoflurane or propofol. METHODS: Incidence of POD, laboratory data, and pre-, intra-, and 24-hour postoperative clinical variables were reviewed retrospectively...
February 12, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623013/low-qrs-voltage-on-presenting-electrocardiogram-predicts-multi-vessel-disease-in-anterior-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#12
Akihiro Kobayashi, Naoki Misumida, Shunsuke Aoi, Yumiko Kanei
BACKGROUND: Low QRS voltage was reported to predict adverse outcomes in acute myocardial infarction in the pre-thrombolytic era. However, the association between low voltage and angiographic findings has not been fully addressed. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of patients with anterior ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Low QRS voltage was defined as either peak to peak QRS complex voltage <1.0mV in all precordial leads or <0...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Electrocardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617371/-cognitive-dysfunction-and-content-of-inflammatory-markers-in-patients-after-coronary-artery-bypass-graft
#13
D A Ovchinnikov, D D Amosov, E A Vorobyov, V V Garnyuk, P P Beltiukov, V K Grebennik, M L Gordeev, E R Barantsevich
AIM: To study the relationship between the content of inflammatory biomarkers and cognitive function in patients after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) performed in condition of artificial blood circulation (ABC) or open-heart surgery (OHS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-nine patients with ischemic heart disease who survived CABG, mean age 62.4±6.2 years, were studied. The ABC group (n=18) and OHS group (n=11) were matched for age and sex. Patients underwent standard clinical examination as well as neurological examination and neuropsychological testing...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617044/translation-and-validation-of-the-norwegian-version-of-the-coronary-revascularisation-outcome-questionnaire
#14
Siw A Lillevik, Sara Schroter, Tove A Hanssen
BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) questionnaires are increasingly used as outcome measures in research and clinical practice to assess treatment effectiveness in coronary heart disease (CHD) alongside traditional outcome measures. The Coronary Revascularisation Outcome Questionnaire (CROQ) is a patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) to evaluate health outcomes and HRQOL before and after coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)...
June 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616157/constant-maintenance-of-an-alternative-route-of-coronary-flow-in-radical-surgery-for-gastric-cancer-following-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-involving-the-right-gastroepiploic-artery-a-case-report
#15
Naoki Ikari, Akiyoshi Seshimo, Kiyoaki Taniguchi, Sho Kotake, Takuji Yamada, Kosuke Narumiya, Masakazu Yamamoto
We describe a 64-year-old man diagnosed as having gastric cancer with a patent right gastroepiploic artery (RGEA) used for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Before gastrectomy, the native coronary artery was revascularized to safely dissect the infrapyloric lymphatic tissue along the layer recently identified as an appropriate layer for radical lymphadenectomy, in anticipation of preserving the radically skeletonized RGEA. The perioperative strategy was feasible. Postoperatively, hemorrhage extended the stopping period of antiplatelet therapy...
June 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615962/sensitivity-to-pain-traumatization-scale-development-validation-and-preliminary-findings
#16
Joel Katz, Samantha R Fashler, Claire Wicks, M Gabrielle Pagé, Kaley M Roosen, Valery Kleiman, Hance Clarke
BACKGROUND: This article reports three studies describing the development and validation of the 12-item Sensitivity to Pain Traumatization Scale (SPTS-12). SPT refers to the anxiety-related cognitive, emotional, and behavioral reactions to pain that resemble the features of a traumatic stress reaction. METHODS: In Study 1, a preliminary set of 79 items was administered to 116 participants. The data were analyzed by using combined nonparametric and parametric item response theory resulting in a 12-item scale with a one-factor structure and good preliminary psychometric properties...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612915/how-to-predict-the-risk-of-postoperative-complications-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-in-patients-under-50-and-over-80-years-old-a-retrospective-cross-sectional-study
#17
Jacek Piątek, Anna Kędziora, Grzegorz Kiełbasa, Marta Olszewska, Dorota Sobczyk, Bryan HyoChan Song, Janusz Konstanty-Kalandyk, Tomasz Darocha, Karol Wierzbicki, Irena Milaniak, Krzysztof Wróbel, Bogusław Kapelak
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery disease (CAD) remains the leading cause of death in developed countries and there is an increasing number of both young and elderly patients requiring surgical treatment. Despite improvement of conventional risk stratification scores (EuroSCORE II, STS risk score), all of the calculations are estimated based on the typical population and the studies emphasize that the scales may need further investigation and modernization, as demographic changes of the population suffering from CAD are unavoidable...
June 14, 2017: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612281/perioperative-management-of-antiplatelet-treatment-in-patients-undergoing-isolated-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-in-dutch-cardiothoracic-centres
#18
P W A Janssen, D M F Claassens, L M Willemsen, T O Bergmeijer, P Klein, J M Ten Berg
BACKGROUND: International guidelines do not provide uniform recommendations regarding the use of antiplatelet treatment in the perioperative period in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). METHODS: A questionnaire was sent to all 16 cardiothoracic centres in the Netherlands to determine which antiplatelet treatment is used in the perioperative setting. Furthermore, a single-centre prospective observational cohort study was performed which included all patients undergoing isolated CABG in July 2014...
June 13, 2017: Netherlands Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611187/comparing-outcomes-of-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-among-large-teaching-and-urban-hospitals-in-china-and-the-united-states
#19
Zhe Zheng, Heng Zhang, Xin Yuan, Chenfei Rao, Yan Zhao, Yun Wang, Sharon-Lise Normand, Harlan M Krumholz, Shengshou Hu
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery disease is prevalent in China, with concomitant increases in the volume of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). The present study aims to compare CABG-related outcomes between China and the United States among large teaching and urban hospitals. METHODS AND RESULTS: Observational analysis of patients aged ≥18 years, discharged from acute-care, large teaching and urban hospitals in China and the United States after hospitalization for an isolated CABG surgery...
June 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611006/intensive-versus-moderate-atorvastatin-therapy-and-one-year-graft-patency-after-cabg-rationale-and-design-of-the-active-aggressive-cholesterol-therapy-to-inhibit-vein-graft-events-randomized-controlled-trial-nct01528709
#20
Alexander Kulik, Amy M Abreu, Viviana Boronat, Marc Ruel
RATIONALE: Saphenous vein graft disease remains a major limitation of coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). Statin therapy inhibits the development of vein graft disease and improves outcomes after CABG. However, it is unclear whether treatment with high-dose statins will further slow the process of vein graft disease and improve graft patency, as compared to conventional moderate doses. Therefore, the goal of this study will be to evaluate the efficacy of high-dose statin therapy versus moderate-dose statin therapy for the prevention of saphenous vein graft occlusion following CABG...
June 10, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
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