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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469026/effect-of-nutritional-status-on-mortality-in-patients-undergoing-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#1
Muhammed Keskin, Göktük İpek, Mustafa Aldağ, Servet Altay, Mert İlker Hayıroğlu, Edibe Betül Börklü, Duygu İnan, Ömer Kozan
OBJECTIVES: The prognostic effects of poor nutritional status and cardiac cachexia on coronary artery disease (CAD) are not clearly understood. A well-accepted nutritional status parameter, the prognostic nutritional index (PNI), which was first demonstrated to be valuable in patients with cancer and those undergoing gastrointestinal surgery, was introduced to patients requiring coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prognostic value of PNI in patients with CAD undergoing CABG...
December 7, 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468730/comparison-of-three-treatment-strategies-for-patients-with-triple-vessel-coronary-disease-and-left-ventricular-dysfunction
#2
Lin Jiang, Lianjun Xu, Lei Song, Zhan Gao, Jian Tian, Kai Sun, Hongwei Yu, Bo Xu, Lei Song, Jinqing Yuan
INTRODUCTION: Current guidelines recommend coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) for patients with multivessel coronary disease and left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. However, some patients undergo percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or solely medical therapy (MT) in actual practice. The comparison of long-term outcomes of these three treatment strategies in real world is unclear. METHODS: A total of 699 consecutive patients in a single centre from 2004 to 2011 who had TVD and LV ejection fraction ≤40%, no prior PCI or CABG and had completed a median 6...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466166/-optimization-of-invasive-treatment-strategy-in-patients-with-non-st-elevation-acute-coronary-syndrome
#3
Y A Prilutskaya, L I Dvoretsky
OBJECTIVE: to compare strategies of invasive treatment of patients with non-ST elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTEACS) hospitalized in 2014 and 2015. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We have analyzed treatment strategy used in patients with NSTEACS hospitalized in cardio-reanimation department of a city hospital during one month in two successive years (January 2014 and November 2015). We have compared indications to, and timing of coronary angiography, numbers of performed percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) and coronary artery bypass grafting surgeries...
January 2018: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466116/acute-effects-of-low-level-laser-therapy-on-patients-functional-capacity-in-the-postoperative-period-of-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery-a-randomized-crossover-placebo-controlled-trial
#4
Cinara Stein, Rafael Oliveira Fernandes, Aline Paula Miozzo, Christian Correa Coronel, Bruno Manfredini Baroni, Adriane Belló-Klein, Rodrigo Della Méa Plentz
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the acute effects of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on the functional capacity to exercise tested by incremental shuttle walking test (ISWT) after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. METHODS: Fifteen male patients (60 ± 9 years) were crossed over during the experiment, to compare the outcomes after active LLLT and placebo LLLT treatments. LLLT (850 nm, 200 mW, 30 J to each point, resulting in a total of 240 J per quadriceps muscle), using a multidiode cluster (five spots; 6 J/spot) in eight points per leg was performed 3 min before the ISWT...
February 21, 2018: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463268/influence-of-coronary-territory-on-flow-profiles-of-saphenous-vein-grafts
#5
Sanaz Amin, Raphael S Werner, Per Lav Madsen, George Krasopoulos, David P Taggart
BACKGROUND: Differing perfusion of the left and right ventricular coronary territory may influence flow-profiles of saphenous vein grafts (SVGs). We compared flow parameters, measured by transit-time flowmetry (TTFM), in left- and right-sided SVGs during coronary artery by-pass grafting (CABG). METHODS: Routine TTFM measurements were obtained in 167 SVGs to the left territory (55%) and 134 SVGs to the right territory (total of 301 SVGs in 207 patients). The four standard TTFM parameters, [mean graft flow (MGF), pulsatility index (PI), percentage diastolic filling (%DF), and percentage backward flow (%BF)] were compared...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462406/long-term-non-institutionalized-survival-and-rehospitalization-after-surgical-aortic-and-mitral-valve-replacements-in-a-large-provincial-cardiac-surgery-centre
#6
Weiang Yan, Pallav Shah, Brett Hiebert, Zlatko Pozeg, Nitin Ghorpade, Rohit K Singal, Rizwan A Manji, Rakesh C Arora
OBJECTIVES: Long-term quality of life following open surgical valve replacement is an increasingly important outcome to patients and their caregivers. This study examines non-institutionalized survival and rehospitalization within our surgical aortic valve replacement (AVR) and mitral valve replacement (MVR) populations. METHODS: A retrospective single-centre study of all consecutive open surgical valve replacements between 1995 and 2014 was undertaken. Clinical data were linked to provincial administrative data for 3219 patients who underwent AVR, MVR or double (aortic and mitral) valve replacement with or without concomitant coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)...
February 14, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461866/the-prognostic-value-of-combinations-of-genetic-polymorphisms-in-the-itgb3-itga2-and-cyp2c19-2-genes-in-predicting-cardiovascular-outcomes-after-coronary-bypass-grafting
#7
Yuriy I Grinshtein, Aleksandra A Kosinova, Igor Y Grinshtein, Tatyana N Subbotina, Andrey A Savchenko
AIM: To determine if there is an association between the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs): rs2046934, rs1126643, rs5918, rs6065, rs4244285; rs4986893 and the occurrence of cardiovascular events (CVE) in patients following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 130 CABG patients with stable angina grades II-IV. After CABG 69 of the patients were treated with acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) alone, and 61 received dual antiplatelet therapy (ASA+clopidogrel)...
February 20, 2018: Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459617/ngal-neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin-is-an-early-predictor-of-acute-kidney-injury-after-cardiac-surgery-and-variation-of-ngal-values-in-homogenous-study-subject
#8
O F Miah, F A Dowel, A Latif, A N Hai, M A Mahmud, M A Razzak, T Ahammod
Isolated CABG (coronary artery bypass grafting) has the lowest incidence of AKI (Acute Kidney Injury), followed by valvular surgery and then, combined CABG with valvular surgery. Due to the difference in baseline characteristics and in surgery type, the range of incidence is between 8.9 and 39% based on RIFLE (Risk Injury failure loss end stage kidney disease) or AKIN (Acute Kidney Injury Network) criteria. The advent of novel biomarkers of kidney injury has opened a new era of early detection and prognosis prediction for AKI...
January 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459462/sex-difference-in-patients-with-ischemic-heart-failure-undergoing-surgical-revascularization-results-from-the-stich-trial-surgical-treatment-for-ischemic-heart-failure
#9
Ileana L Piña, Qi Zheng, Lilin She, Hanna Szwed, Irene M Lang, Pedro S Farsky, Serenella Castelvecchio, Jolanta Biernat, Alexandros Paraforos, Dragana Kosevic, Liliana E Favaloro, José C Nicolau, Padmini Varadarajan, Eric J Velazquez, Ramdas G Pai, Nicole Cyrille, Kerry L Lee, Patrice Desvigne-Nickens
BACKGROUND: Female sex is conventionally considered a risk factor for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and has been included as a poor prognostic factor in multiple cardiac operative risk evaluation scores. We aimed to investigate the association of sex and the long-term benefit of CABG in patients with ischemic left ventricular dysfunction enrolled in the prospective STICH trial (Surgical Treatment for Ischemic Heart Failure Study). METHODS: The STICH trial randomized 1212 patients (148 [12%] women and 1064 [88%] men) with coronary artery disease and left ventricular ejection fraction ≤35% to CABG+medical therapy (MED) versus MED alone...
February 20, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458741/sleep-disordered-breathing-is-associated-with-disturbed-cardiac-repolarization-in-patients-with-a-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery
#10
Christina Schmidleitner, Michael Arzt, Maria Tafelmeier, Sarah Ripfel, Miriam Fauser, Teresa Weizenegger, Bernhard Flörchinger, Daniele Camboni, Sigrid Wittmann, Florian Zeman, Christof Schmid, Lars S Maier, Stefan Wagner, Christoph Fisser
BACKGROUND: The development of malignant ventricular arrhythmias due to abnormal cardiac repolarization is a major complication after coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is linked to prolonged cardiac repolarization in non-surgical patients. This study evaluates cardiac repolarization in patients with and without SDB who underwent CABG. METHODS: 100 patients who had received CABG (84% men, age 68 ± 10 years, body-mass-index [BMI] 28...
February 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457560/prophylactic-intra-aortic-balloon-counterpulsation-before-surgical-myocardial-revascularization-in-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction
#11
Philippe Grieshaber, Tobias Schneider, Lukas Oster, Coskun Orhan, Peter Roth, Bernd Niemann, Andreas Böning
INTRODUCTION: Prophylactic intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation (pIABC) is recommended for high-risk patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery. Criteria for high-risk patients benefiting from pIABC are unclear. This study aimed to specifically describe the effect of pIABC on outcomes of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) undergoing CABG. METHODS: In 178 of 484 AMI patients (non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction [NSTEMI] or ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction [STEMI] ≤5 days before surgery) without cardiogenic shock who underwent CABG between 2008 and 2013, pIABC was initiated preoperatively...
February 1, 2018: Perfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457260/prediction-of-postoperative-atrial-fibrillation-with-left-atrial-mechanical-functions-and-nt-pro-anp-levels-after-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery-a-three-dimensional-echocardiography-study
#12
Şiho Hidayet, Julide Yağmur, Adil Bayramoğlu, M Hakan Taşolar, Ertuğrul Kurtoğlu, Fatma Özyalın
OBJECTIVE: Postoperative AF (POAF) is the most common cause of morbidity after coronary artery bypass surgery. In this study, we aimed to show the relationship between POAF and N-terminal pro-atrial natriuretic peptide (NT-pro ANP) levels and the relationship between mechanical functions and left atrial volume measured using preoperative three-dimensional echocardiography (3D ECHO) among patients that will undergo isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in elective conditions...
February 19, 2018: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456563/does-topical-tranexamic-acid-reduce-postcoronary-artery-bypass-graft-bleeding
#13
Amir Mirmohammadsadeghi, Mohsen Mirmohammadsadeghi, Mahnaz Kheiri
Background: Postoperative bleeding is a common problem in cardiac surgery. We tried to evaluate the effect of topical tranexamic acid (TA) on reducing postoperative bleeding of patients undergoing on-pump coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Materials and Methods: One hundred and twenty-six isolated primary CABG patients were included in this clinical trial. They were divided blindly into two groups; Group 1, patients receiving 1 g TA diluted in 100 ml normal saline poured into mediastinal cavity before closing the chest and Group 2, patients receiving 100 ml normal saline at the end of operation...
2018: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456049/six-month-outcomes-after-high-risk-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery-and-preoperative-intra-aortic-balloon-counterpulsation-use-an-inception-cohort-study
#14
Edward Litton, Frances Bass, Anthony Delaney, Graham Hillis, Silvana Marasco, Shay McGuinness, Paul S Myles, Christopher M Reid, Julian A Smith
OBJECTIVE: To inform the design of a pivotal randomized controlled trial of prophylactic intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation (IABC) in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) at high risk of postoperative low cardiac output syndrome (LCOS). DESIGN: Inception cohort study. SETTING: A total of 13 established cardiac centers in Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom. PARTICIPANTS: Adult patients were eligible for inclusion if they were listed for CABG surgery and had 2 or more LCOS risk factors (low ejection fraction, severe left main coronary artery disease, redo sternotomy, unstable angina)...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453002/operative-outcomes-of-multiple-arterial-versus-single-arterial-coronary-bypass-grafting
#15
Thomas A Schwann, Robert H Habib, Amelia Wallace, David M Shahian, Sean O'Brien, Jeffery P Jacobs, John D Puskas, Paul A Kurlansky, Milo C Engoren, Robert F Tranbaugh, Mark R Bonnell
BACKGROUND: More than 90% of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is performed with a single-arterial bypass graft (SABG), based on the left internal thoracic artery (ITA) with supplemental vein grafts. This practice, often justified by safety concerns with multiple-arterial grafting (MABG), defies evidence of improved late survival achieved with bilateral ITA (BITA-MABG) or left ITA plus radial artery (RA-MABG). We hypothesized that MABG and SABG are equally safe. METHODS: We analyzed The Society of Thoracic Surgeons National Database (2004 to 2015) to assess the operative safety of BITA-MABG (n = 73,054) and RA-MABG (n = 97,623) vs SABG (n = 1,334,511)...
February 13, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452484/comparison-of-patients-with-multivessel-disease-treated-at-centers-with-and-without-on-site-cardiac-surgery
#16
Eilon Ram, Ilan Goldenberg, Yigal Kassif, Amit Segev, Jakob Lavee, Nir Shlomo, Ehud Raanani
BACKGROUND: The regional needs and consolidation of cardiac surgery services (CSS) result in an increased number of stand-alone interventional cardiology units. We aimed to explore the impact of a heart team on the decision making and outcomes of patients with multivessel coronary artery disease referred for coronary revascularization in stand-alone interventional cardiology units. METHODS: This prospective study included 1063 consecutive patients with multivessel disease enrolled between January and April 2013 from all 22 hospitals in Israel that perform coronary angiography and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), with or without on-site CSS...
March 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451620/application-of-a-pharmacokinetics-pharmacodynamics-approach-to-the-free-propofol-plasma-levels-during-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-surgery-with-hypothermic-cardiopulmonary-bypass
#17
Carlos R Silva-Filho, Ricardo Antonio G Barbosa, Carlindo V Silva-Jr, Luiz M S Malbouisson, Maria José C Carmona, Silvia Regina C Jorge-Santos
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to apply a pharmacokinetics-pharmacodynamics approach to investigate the free propofol plasma levels in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting under hypothermic conditions compared with the off-pump procedure. METHODS: Nineteen patients scheduled for on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting under hypothermic conditions (n=10) or the equivalent off-pump surgery (n=9) were anesthetized with sufentanil and propofol target-controlled infusion (2 μg/mL) during surgery...
2018: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451075/short-term-outcomes-of-preoperative-intra-aortic-balloon-pump-use-in-patients-undergoing-adjunctive-coronary-endarterectomy-a-retrospective-observational-study
#18
Liangshan Wang, Xing Hao, Xiaomeng Wang, Chengxiong Gu, Hong Wang, Xiaotong Hou
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) combined with coronary endarterectomy (CE) can be associated with high operative mortality and morbidity. An intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) has been the most widely used mechanical circulatory support device during perfusion treatment. However, the benefits of preoperative IABP in CABG combined with CE remain unknown. We conducted a retrospective observational study to evaluate the efficacy of preoperative IABP therapy in patients undergoing adjunctive right coronary artery (RCA) endarterectomy...
February 1, 2018: Perfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448251/expression-of-lectin-like-oxidized-low-density-lipoprotein-receptor-1-in-human-epicardial-and-intramyocardial-coronary-arteries-of-male-patients-undergoing-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#19
Andreas Synetos, Antonios Karanasos, Stauros Spyropoulos, Maria Gazouli, George Latsios, Konstantinos Toutouzas, Despina Perrea, Dimitrios Tousoulis, Ioannis A Chloroyiannis
OBJECTIVES: Atherosclerosis is almost absent in intramyocardial coronary arteries, while epicardial coronary arteries may show extensive occlusive disease. Lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1 (LOX-1) expression has been implicated in atherogenesis. We aimed to investigate differences in arterial wall LOX-1 expression between human epicardial and intramyocardial coronary arteries. METHODS: Epicardial and intramyocardial total artery wall specimens were obtained from 13 male patients (aged 61...
February 15, 2018: Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447735/new-onset-atrial-fibrillation-after-pci-or-cabg-for-left-main-disease-the-excel-trial
#20
Ioanna Kosmidou, Shmuel Chen, A Pieter Kappetein, Patrick W Serruys, Bernard J Gersh, John D Puskas, David E Kandzari, David P Taggart, Marie-Claude Morice, Paweł E Buszman, Andrzej Bochenek, Erick Schampaert, Pierre Pagé, Joseph F Sabik, Thomas McAndrew, Björn Redfors, Ori Ben-Yehuda, Gregg W Stone
BACKGROUND: There is limited information on the incidence and prognostic impact of new-onset atrial fibrillation (NOAF) following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) for left main coronary artery disease (LMCAD). OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine the incidence of NOAF following PCI and CABG for LMCAD and its effect on 3-year cardiovascular outcomes. METHODS: In the EXCEL (Evaluation of XIENCE Versus Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery for Effectiveness of Left Main Revascularization) trial, 1,905 patients with LMCAD and low or intermediate SYNTAX scores were randomized to PCI with everolimus-eluting stents versus CABG...
February 20, 2018: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
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