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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338958/molecular-cloning-and-characterization-of-antimicrobial-peptides-from-skin-of-hylarana-guentheri
#1
Zhu Dong, Wenjie Luo, Hengren Zhong, Manchuriga Wang, Yanting Song, Shiming Deng, Yingxia Zhang
The cDNAs encoding antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) in the skin of Hylarana guentheri were identified, namely temporin (five peptides, termed temporin-GHa-GHd and temporin-GUa), brevinin-1 (one peptide, brevinin-1GUb), and brevinin-2 (eight peptides, brevinin-2GHd-2GHj, and brevinin-2GHb). Eleven of the 14 peptides have novel primary structures. Synthesized temporin GHa-GHd have broad-spectrum antimicrobial activities against Gram-positive bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus subtilis), Gram-negative bacteria (Escherichia coli, Vibrio alginolyticus, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa), as well as fungus (Candida albicans)...
March 18, 2017: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332357/rare-frequency-of-mutations-in-pituitary-transcription-factor-genes-in-combined-pituitary-hormone-or-isolated-growth-hormone-deficiencies-in-korea
#2
Jin Ho Choi, Chang Woo Jung, Eungu Kang, Yoon Myung Kim, Sun Hee Heo, Beom Hee Lee, Gu Hwan Kim, Han Wook Yoo
PURPOSE: Congenital hypopituitarism is caused by mutations in pituitary transcription factors involved in the development of the hypothalamic-pituitary axis. Mutation frequencies of genes involved in congenital hypopituitarism are extremely low and vary substantially between ethnicities. This study was undertaken to compare the clinical, endocrinological, and radiological features of patients with an isolated growth hormone deficiency (IGHD) or combined pituitary hormone deficiency (CPHD)...
May 2017: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326739/a-case-of-pituitary-stalk-interruption-syndrome-with-intermittent-seizures-as-the-first-presentation
#3
Juan Li, Hongwei Jia, Anindita Chakraborty, Zhihong Gao
Pituitary stalk interruption syndrome (PSIS) is a congenital disease with isolated growth hormone deficiency (GHD) or multiple anterior pituitary hormone deficiencies (MPHD). The typical clinical manifestations of PSIS are growth retardation, hypoglycemia or delayed pubertal development. However, few reports showed cases of PSIS were diagnosed with acute epileptic seizures accompanied by hyponatremia. Here, we report an 18-year-old female presenting with episodes of intermittent seizures for 13 years. The electrolyte examination on many occasions has shown hyponatremia, even as low as 99...
December 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323965/long-acting-ctp-modified-hgh-mod-4023-results-of-a-safety-and-dose-finding-study-in-ghd-children
#4
Nataliya Zelinska, Violeta Iotova, Julia Skorodok, Oleg Malievsky, Valentina Peterkova, Lubov Samsonova, Ron G Rosenfeld, Zvi Zadik, Michal Jaron-Mendelson, Ronit Koren, Leanne Amitzi, Dmitri Raduk, Oren Hershkovitz, Gili Hart
Context: Daily injections are required for growth hormone replacement therapy, which may cause low compliance as a result of inconvenience and distress in patients. Objective: CTP-modified human growth hormone (MOD-4023) is developed for once-a-week dosing regimen in GH-deficient (GHD) adults and children. The present trial was a safety and dose-finding study for weekly MOD-4023 in GHD children. Design: a multi-center, open-label, randomized, controlled Phase 2 study in children with GHD, evaluating the safety, tolerability, PK/PD and efficacy of 3 different weekly MOD-4023 doses, compared to daily r-hGH...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306537/clinical-features-of-girls-with-short-stature-among-inv-9-turner-45-x-and-control-individuals
#5
Xuefeng Chen, Xiumin Wang, Guanping Dong, Junfen Fu, Wei Wu, Youjun Jiang
BACKGROUND: The clinical significance of pericentric inversion of chromosome 9 [inv (9)] remains unclear. METHODS: This case control study assessed girls with short stature. According to karyotypes, the subjects were divided into inv (9) [46,XX,inv (9)(p12q13) and 46,XX,inv (9)(p11q13)], Turner syndrome (45, X) and control (normal 46, XX) groups, respectively. Detailed clinical features were compared. RESULTS: Height standard deviation score (SDS) values at diagnosis were -2...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306165/is-gh-dosing-optimal-in-female-patients-with-adult-onset-gh-deficiency-an-analysis-from-the-nordinet-%C3%A2-international-outcome-study
#6
Charlotte Höybye, Matthias M Weber, Effie Pournara, Birgitte Tønnes Pedersen, Beverly M K Biller
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate gender differences in GH dosing, IGF-I and cardiovascular risk markers in adults with GH deficiency (GHD). DESIGN: NordiNet(®) International Outcome Study (NCT00960128), a non-interventional, multicentre study, evaluates the long-term effectiveness and safety of Norditropin(®) (Novo Nordisk A/S) in the real-life clinical setting. PATIENTS: Non-diabetic patients (n=252; 41.7% female) with adult-onset GHD (age ≥20 years at GH start), ≥4 years' GH therapy, and glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c ) data at baseline and 4 years...
March 17, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279948/remote-monitoring-of-hypertension-diseases-in-pregnancy-a-pilot-study
#7
Dorien Lanssens, Thijs Vandenberk, Christophe Jp Smeets, Hélène De Cannière, Geert Molenberghs, Anne Van Moerbeke, Anne van den Hoogen, Tiziana Robijns, Sharona Vonck, Anneleen Staelens, Valerie Storms, Inge M Thijs, Lars Grieten, Wilfried Gyselaers
BACKGROUND: Although remote monitoring (RM) has proven its added value in various health care domains, little is known about the remote follow-up of pregnant women diagnosed with a gestational hypertensive disorders (GHD). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the added value of a remote follow-up program for pregnant women diagnosed with GHD. METHODS: A 1-year retrospective study was performed in the outpatient clinic of a 2nd level prenatal center where pregnant women with GHD received RM or conventional care (CC)...
March 9, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247315/understanding-burden-of-illness-for-child-growth-hormone-deficiency
#8
Meryl Brod, Suzanne Lessard Alolga, Jane F Beck, Lars Wilkinson, Lise Højbjerre, Michael Højby Rasmussen
PURPOSE: Research demonstrates that children and adolescents with growth hormone deficiency (GHD) are impacted in multiple ways beyond their short stature; however, there are no disease-specific measures to assess these impacts. The purpose of this study was to examine the burden of GHD on children and adolescents, and to conduct concept elicitation to develop a model of the impact of GHD to support a disease-specific outcome measure. METHODS: Four focus groups and 52 telephone interviews were conducted with children with GHD and parents/guardians of children with GHD to understand the experience and impacts from the child's perspective, reported by children or parent-observers about the impact on the child...
February 28, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236628/resting-energy-expenditure-in-girls-with-turner-syndrome
#9
Gerhard Binder, Laura Frank, Julian Ziegler, Gunnar Blumenstock, Roland Schweizer
BACKGROUND: Knowledge concerning energy metabolism in Turner syndrome (TS) is lacking. We compared the resting energy expenditure per fat-free mass (REE/FFM) in TS with other girls with short stature treated with growth hormone (GH) and age-related controls. METHODS: We measured prospectively REE by spirometry under fasting conditions in the morning in 85 short prepubertal girls at the start of GH treatment. Diagnoses were TS (n=20), GH deficiency (GHD) (n=38) and small for gestational age (SGA) short stature (n=27)...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161880/long-term-safety-and-efficacy-of-omnitrope-%C3%A2-in-adults-with-growth-hormone-deficiency-italian-interim-analysis-of-the-patro-adults-study
#10
D Ferone, E Profka, V Gasco, M R Ambrosio, A Colao, C Di Somma, E Puxeddu, G Arnaldi, C Pagano, E Zecchi, A Pietropoli, P Beck-Peccoz
PURPOSE: To report the long-term effectiveness and safety of the recombinant human growth hormone Omnitrope(®), a somatropin biosimilar to Genotropin(®), in Italian patients with growth hormone deficiency (GHD) enrolled in the PATRO Adults study. METHODS: The PATRO Adults study is an ongoing observational, longitudinal, non-interventional global post-marketing surveillance study, conducted in several European countries. The primary endpoint is long-term safety; secondary endpoints include the effectiveness of Omnitrope(®), which was assessed using serum insulin-like growth factor-1 levels, body composition, bone mineral density and lipid levels...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150584/treatment-of-pre-pubertal-patients-with-growth-hormone-deficiency-patterns-in-growth-hormone-dosage-and-igf-i-z-scores
#11
Megan Oberle, Adda Grimberg, Vaneeta Bamba
OBJECTIVE: To describe the range of IGF-Iz and GH dose adjustments in pre-pubertal patients with GH deficiency (GHD) treated with GH in a single tertiary care center. METHODS: Retrospective review of GH-treated patients age <9 years with GHD, seen in endocrinology clinic 2013-2014. Patient demographics and pre-treatment anthropometrics, GH treatment duration, IGF-Iz, and GH dosage (mg/kg/week) were extracted. Multi-predictor linear regression was used to evaluate the associations between IGF-Iz and GH dosage and subject gender, race, insurance type, age, and clinical characteristics...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105090/effects-of-recombinant-human-growth-hormone-in-the-treatment-of-dwarfism-and-relationship-between-igf-1-igfbp-3-and-thyroid-hormone
#12
Shanxiang Ren, Yuxiang Nie, Aihong Wang
The effects of recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) in the treatment of dwarfism and the relationship between insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1, IGF-binding protein (IGFBP)-3 and thyroid hormone were examined in the present study. For this purpose, 66 patients diagnosed with dwarfism were selected retrospectively, with 36 cases of growth hormone deficiency (GHD) and 30 cases of idiopathic short stature (ISS). The therapeutic dose of GHD 0.10 IU/kg·day and ISS 0.15 IU/kg·day were injected subcutaneously every night before sleep until adulthood...
December 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099132/efficacy-of-long-term-growth-hormone-therapy-in-short-non-growth-hormone-deficient-children
#13
Lucia Schena, Cristina Meazza, Sara Pagani, Valeria Paganelli, Elena Bozzola, Carmine Tinelli, Fabio Buzi, Mauro Bozzola
BACKGROUND: In recent years, several studies have been published showing different responses to growth hormone (GH) treatment in idiopathic short stature children. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether non-growth-hormone-deficient (non-GHD) short children could benefit from long-term GH treatment as GHD patients. METHODS: We enrolled 22 prepubertal children and 22 age- and sex-matched GHD patients, with comparable height, body mass index (BMI), bone age, and insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-I) circulating levels...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095492/growth-hormone-deficiency-is-associated-with-worse-cardiac-function-physical-performance-and-outcome-in-chronic-heart-failure-insights-from-the-t-o-s-ca-ghd-study
#14
Michele Arcopinto, Andrea Salzano, Francesco Giallauria, Eduardo Bossone, Jörgen Isgaard, Alberto M Marra, Emanuele Bobbio, Olga Vriz, David N Åberg, Daniele Masarone, Amato De Paulis, Lavinia Saldamarco, Carlo Vigorito, Pietro Formisano, Massimo Niola, Francesco Perticone, Domenico Bonaduce, Luigi Saccà, Annamaria Colao, Antonio Cittadini
BACKGROUND: Although mounting evidence supports the concept that growth hormone (GH) deficiency (GHD) affects cardiovascular function, no study has systematically investigated its prevalence and role in a large cohort of chronic heart failure (CHF) patients. Aim of this study is to assess the prevalence of GHD in mild-to-moderate CHF and to explore clinical and functional correlates of GHD. METHODS: One-hundred thirty CHF patients underwent GH provocative test with GHRH+arginine and accordingly categorized into GH-deficiency (GHD, n = 88, age = 61...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068655/carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-children-treated-with-growth-hormone-a-follow-up-study-over-three-years
#15
Juliane Rothermel, Caroline Knop, Nina Lass, Christina Toschke, Rainer Wunsch, Thomas Reinehr
BACKGROUND: There is an ongoing discussion whether high doses of growth hormone (GH) may lead to cardiovascular diseases. Therefore, we studied the longitudinal relationships between GH treatment and carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT), which is predictive of the development of atherosclerosis. METHODS: We measured blood pressure, lipids, hemoglobin HbA1c, IGF-1, IGFBP-3, and cIMT in 28 children treated with supraphysiological doses of GH (mean age 9.8 ± 2.2 years, 39% males) and 36 children suffering from GH deficiency (GHD) and treated with physiological doses of GH (mean age 9...
January 10, 2017: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067847/the-impact-of-growth-hormone-therapy-on-the-apoptosis-assessment-in-cd34-hematopoietic-cells-from-children-with-growth-hormone-deficiency
#16
Miłosz Piotr Kawa, Iwona Stecewicz, Katarzyna Piecyk, Edyta Paczkowska, Dorota Rogińska, Anna Sobuś, Karolina Łuczkowska, Ewa Pius-Sadowska, Elżbieta Gawrych, Elżbieta Petriczko, Mieczysław Walczak, Bogusław Machaliński
Growth hormone (GH) modulates hematopoietic cell homeostasis and is associated with apoptosis control, but with limited mechanistic insights. Aim of the study was to determine whether GH therapeutic supplementation (GH-TS) could affect apoptosis of CD34+ cells enriched in hematopoietic progenitor cells of GH deficient (GHD) children. CD34+ cells from peripheral blood of 40 GHD children were collected before and in 3rd and 6th month of GH-TS and compared to 60 controls adjusted for bone age, sex, and pubertal development...
January 7, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044196/maternal-fasting-glycemia-and-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-in-a-mediterranean-population
#17
G Sesmilo, E Meler, V Perea, I Rodríguez, A Rodríguez-Melcón, M Guerrero, B Serra
AIMS: The hyperglycemia and adverse pregnancy outcome study demonstrated a continuous association between fasting plasma glucose (FPG) levels below those diagnostic of diabetes and adverse neonatal outcomes. We aimed to investigate whether the same association was found in a Mediterranean population. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of singleton pregnancies attended at our Hospital between 2008 and 2015 (n = 5203). FPG was evaluated in the second trimester, and it was divided into 7 categories (1 < 75, 2 75-79, 3 80-84, 4 85-89, 5 90-94, 6 95-99 and 7 100-124 mg/dL)...
March 2017: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018463/concomitant-occurrence-of-turner-syndrome-and-growth-hormone-deficiency
#18
Jung Yu, Ha Young Shin, Chong Guk Lee, Jae Hyun Kim
Turner syndrome (TS) is a genetic disorder in phenotypic females that has characteristic physical features and presents as partial or complete absence of the second sex chromosome. Growth hormone deficiency (GHD) is a condition caused by insufficient release of growth hormone from the pituitary gland. The concomitant occurrence of TS and GHD is rare and has not yet been reported in Korea. Here we report 2 cases of TS and GHD. In case 1, GHD was initially diagnosed. Karyotyping was performed because of the presence of the typical phenotype and poor response to growth hormone therapy, which revealed 45,X/45,X+mar...
November 2016: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982500/growth-hormone-igf-1-axis-longitudinal-evaluation-in-clinically-isolated-syndrome-patients-on-interferon-%C3%AE-1b-therapy-stimulation-tests-and-correlations-with-clinical-and-radiological-conversion-to-multiple-sclerosis
#19
R Lanzillo, C Di Somma, M Quarantelli, A Carotenuto, C Pivonello, M Moccia, A Cianflone, A Marsili, G Puorro, F Saccà, C V Russo, C De Luca Picione, F Ausiello, A Colao, V Brescia Morra
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Growth hormone (GH)/insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) axis abnormalities in multiple sclerosis (MS) suggest their role in its pathogenesis. Interferon β (IFN-β) efficacy could be mediated also by an increase of IGF-1 levels. A 2-year longitudinal study was performed to estimate the prevalence of GH and/or IGF-1 deficiency in clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) patients and their correlation with conversion to MS in IFN treated patients. METHODS: Clinical and demographic features of CIS patients were collected before the start of IFN-β-1b...
February 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974192/gh-deficiency-in-adult-survivors-of-childhood-cancer
#20
REVIEW
Francesco Felicetti, Nicoletta Fortunati, Emanuela Arvat, Enrico Brignardello
Childhood cancer survivors (CCS) are a fast growing population, but late adverse effects of cancer therapies are not rare. In CCS treated with cranial radiotherapy, growth hormone deficiency (GHD) is a well-known occurrence and the potential impact of GH replacement therapy on the global outcome of CCS is under continuous evaluation. In the present review, we discuss advantages and disadvantages of GH replacement therapy in survivors of pediatric malignancies, taking into consideration the different reasons for treating GHD during childhood or adult life...
December 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism
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