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Mental illness stigma recovery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162572/protocol-a-cluster-randomised-control-trial-study-exploring-stigmatisation-and-recovery-based-perspectives-regarding-mental-illness-and-substance-use-problems-among-primary-healthcare-providers-across-toronto-ontario
#1
Akwatu Khenti, Robert Mann, Jaime C Sapag, Sireesha J Bobbili, Emily K Lentinello, Mark van der Maas, Branka Agic, Hayley Hamilton, Heather Stuart, Scott Patten, Marcos Sanches, Patrick Corrigan
INTRODUCTION: Primary care settings are often the first and only point of contact for persons with mental health and/or substance use problems. However, staff experience and training in this area are often limited. These factors as well as a multitude of other components such as structural and systemic stigma experienced by staff can lead to clients being stigmatised, leading to poorer outcomes. By developing a comprehensive intervention for primary care staff working at community health centres (CHCs) aimed at reducing stigma towards people with mental health and substance use problems (MHSUP), we sought to test an innovative and contact-based intervention consisting of staff training, raising awareness, a recovery-focused art programme and an analysis of internal policies and procedures...
November 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156425/perceived-provider-stigma-as-a-predictor-of-mental-health-service-users-internalized-stigma-and-disempowerment
#2
Katie Wang, Bruce G Link, Patrick W Corrigan, Larry Davidson, Elizabeth Flanagan
Despite increasing awareness of stigma from mental health service providers as a barrier to recovery, little research has directly examined how it might influence the service users' self-perceptions and treatment experience. The present study examined the association of service users' perceived provider stigma with their experience of internalized stigma and disempowerment, two psychosocial constructs known to hinder recovery. Mental health service users (N = 350) completed questionnaires assessing perceived stigma from mental health service providers, including perceptions of negative affective reactions towards individual users and desired social distance towards people with mental illnesses across various life domains, internalized stigma, and disempowerment (i...
November 13, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131841/determining-the-effectiveness-of-a-video-based-contact-intervention-in-improving-attitudes-of-penang-primary-care-nurses-towards-people-with-mental-illness
#3
Yin Ping Ng, Abdul Rashid, Finian O'Brien
BACKGROUND: Mental illness-related stigma is common, and is associated with poorer outcomes in people with mental illness. This study evaluated the attitudes of primary care nurses towards people with mental illness and its associated factors; and the effectiveness of a short video-based contact intervention (VBCI) in improving these attitudes using a Malay version of the 15-item Opening Minds Stigma Scale for Healthcare Providers (OMS-HC-15-M). METHODS: A 5-minute VBCI was developed comprising elements of psychoeducation and interviews of people with mental illness and the people they interact with, relating to experience of mental illness and recovery...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131692/stigma-and-counter-stigma-frames-cues-and-exemplification-comparing-news-coverage-of-depression-in-the-english-and-spanish-language-media-in-the-u-s
#4
Weirui Wang
A content analysis was conducted to compare news coverage of depression in the English- and Spanish-language media in the United States (N = 355). The study revealed that the English-language media reported stereotypes more frequently than the Spanish-language news media. The presence of all four types of stereotypes (i.e., the mentally ill as violent, suicidal, incompetent, and weak) was associated with the increased use of the stigma frame in the English-language news media, while only the violence stereotype was associated with the increased use of the stigma frame in the Spanish-language news media...
November 13, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072587/mental-health-literacy-content-for-children-of-parents-with-a-mental-illness-thematic-analysis-of-a-literature-review
#5
Joanne Riebschleger, Christine Grové, Daniel Cavanaugh, Shane Costello
Millions of children have a parent with a mental illness (COPMI). These children are at higher risk of acquiring behavioural, developmental and emotional difficulties. Most children, including COPMI, have low levels of mental health literacy (MHL), meaning they do not have accurate, non-stigmatized information. There is limited knowledge about what kind of MHL content should be delivered to children. The aim of this exploratory study is to identify the knowledge content needed for general population children and COPMI to increase their MHL...
October 26, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062529/priority-setting-in-research-user-led-mental-health-research
#6
Marjorie Ghisoni, Christine Ann Wilson, Karen Morgan, Bethan Edwards, Natalie Simon, Emma Langley, Helen Rees, Amanda Wells, Philip John Tyson, Phil Thomas, Allen Meudell, Frank Kitt, Brian Mitchell, Alan Bowen, Jason Celia
PLAIN ENGLISH SUMMARY: Involving people in health research is increasingly recognised as being important to make sure that research is focused more on the needs of people who use health services. At present, ideas about what should be researched most often comes from researchers and/or health professionals like doctors and nurses rather than people with a lived experience of mental illness. In this study, we will talk with this group of people from across Wales to explore what they think research into their health services should focus on...
2017: Res Involv Engagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985551/the-stigma-resistance-scale-a-multi-sample-validation-of-a-new-instrument-to-assess-mental-illness-stigma-resistance
#7
Ruth L Firmin, Paul H Lysaker, John H McGrew, Kyle S Minor, Lauren Luther, Michelle P Salyers
Although associated with key recovery outcomes, stigma resistance remains under-studied largely due to limitations of existing measures. This study developed and validated a new measure of stigma resistance. Preliminary items, derived from qualitative interviews of people with lived experience, were pilot tested online with people self-reporting a mental illness diagnosis (n = 489). Best performing items were selected, and the refined measure was administered to an independent sample of people with mental illness at two state mental health consumer recovery conferences (n = 202)...
December 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953841/the-importance-of-hope-against-other-factors-in-the-recovery-of-mental-illness
#8
Tanvi Acharya, Mark Agius
Hope underpins the recovery process of mental illness, as recovery depends on the notion that a patient desires to get better. This makes hope the route by which it occurs. Here, we assess the importance of hope in recovery by exploring what recovery means; the relevance of hope and other factors in achieving it; and finally, the difficulties surrounding maintaining hope. We attempt to discuss hope in the context of recovery from three different situations; Depression, Anorexia Nervosa, and Schizophrenia, and therefore we consider what recovery means in each of these situations and hence the role of hope in each of them...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929572/addressing-the-support-needs-of-families-during-the-acute-hospitalization-of-a-parent-with-mental-illness-a-narrative-literature-review
#9
REVIEW
Karen P Foster, Danny Hills, Kim N Foster
Hospitalisation of a parent with acute mental health problems impacts the consumer, their extended family/carers and children. Mental health nurses are at the forefront of promoting recovery for consumers in an acute inpatient setting. Recovery-oriented care can include provision of family-focused care which supports recovery of the parent-consumer and their family members and contributes to prevention of intergenerational mental illness. The aim of this narrative literature review was to explore existing knowledge regarding the experiences, care and support needs of parent-consumers, their family members/carers and children during the parent's acute mental health hospitalisation...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884606/stigma-resistance-in-stable-schizophrenia-the-relative-contributions-of-stereotype-endorsement-self-reflection-self-esteem-and-coping-styles
#10
Yu-Chen Kao, Yin-Ju Lien, Hsin-An Chang, Nian-Sheng Tzeng, Chin-Bin Yeh, Ching-Hui Loh
OBJECTIVE: Stigma resistance (SR) has recently emerged as a prominent aspect of research on recovery from schizophrenia, partly because studies have suggested that the development of stigma-resisting beliefs may help individuals lead a fulfilling life and recover from their mental illness. The present study assessed the relationship between personal SR ability and prediction variables such as self-stigma, self-esteem, self-reflection, coping styles, and psychotic symptomatology. METHOD: We performed an exploratory cross-sectional study of 170 community-dwelling patients with schizophrenia...
October 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864120/attitudes-towards-disclosing-a-mental-illness-among-german-soldiers-and-their-comrades
#11
Nicolas Rüsch, Carolyn Rose, Fabian Holzhausen, Nadine Mulfinger, Silvia Krumm, Patrick W Corrigan, Gerd-Dieter Willmund, Peter Zimmermann
Many soldiers with mental illness (SWMIs) struggle with the decision whether to disclose their condition in or outside the military. This study therefore explored views on (self-)labeling as 'mentally ill', experiences of discrimination and coping, risks and benefits of (non-)disclosure, service use, disclosure decisions and consequences of disclosing. Active-duty SWMIs as well as soldiers without mental illness (commanding officers; enlisted ranks) and military social workers participated in focus groups. Transcripts were analyzed using qualitative content analysis...
December 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857760/different-roads-lead-to-rome-exploring-patterns-of-change-among-narrative-enhancement-and-cognitive-therapy-nect-participants
#12
David Roe, Ilanit Hasson-Ohayon, Michal Mashiach-Eizenberg, Amit Yamin, Paul H Lysaker
BACKGROUND: Narrative enhancement and cognitive therapy (NECT) is aimed at decreasing self-stigma and promoting recovery. The current study used a mixed-methods approach to explore the process and mechanisms by which NECT affects self-stigma and recovery. METHOD: Sixty-two participants with serious mental illness (SMI) and enrolled in NECT completed questionnaires assessing self-clarity, recovery, self-stigma, and hope before and after the intervention, and the two latter questionnaires also after completing two defined parts of the intervention...
2017: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857756/explicit-and-implicit-stigma-of-mental-illness-as-predictors-of-the-recovery-attitudes-of-assertive-community-treatment-practitioners
#13
Laura G Stull, Haley McConnell, John McGrew, Michelle P Salyers
BACKGROUND: While explicit negative stereotypes of mental illness are well established as barriers to recovery, implicit attitudes also may negatively impact outcomes. The current study is unique in its focus on both explicit and implicit stigma as predictors of recovery attitudes of mental health practitioners. METHOD: Assertive Community Treatment practitioners (n = 154) from 55 teams completed online measures of stigma, recovery attitudes, and an Implicit Association Test (IAT)...
2017: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766377/stigma-towards-mental-illness-and-substance-use-issues-in-primary-health-care-challenges-and-opportunities-for-latin-america
#14
Jaime C Sapag, Brena F Sena, Inés V Bustamante, Sireesha J Bobbili, Paola R Velasco, Franco Mascayano, Rubén Alvarado, Akwatu Khenti
Stigma towards mental illness and addictive disorders is a global problem and one of the main obstacles in tackling this issue remains the effective integration of mental health services into primary health care (PHC). In Latin America, information has significantly increased on the existence of stigma; however, little is known about effective interventions to prevent stigma and promote recovery-oriented practices in PHC. The aim of this study is to understand the existing evidence regarding mental health stigma in PHC with a special focus on the Latin American region...
August 2, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734239/stigma-resistance-and-its-association-with-internalised-stigma-and-psychosocial-outcomes-among-psychiatric-outpatients
#15
Ying Wen Lau, Louisa Picco, Shirlene Pang, Anitha Jeyagurunathan, Pratika Satghare, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
Studies have suggested that stigma resistance plays an important role in the recovery from mental illness. However, there has been limited research in Asian countries that has examined the benefits of stigma resistance among the mentally ill in Asian populations. Hence, this study aimed to assess the prevalence of stigma resistance and establish the socio-demographic correlates of stigma resistance, as well as its association with internalised stigma and psychosocial outcomes among a multi-ethnic population of 280 outpatients with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), schizophrenia, depressive disorders and anxiety disorders in Singapore...
July 14, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665144/examining-the-application-of-the-opening-minds-survey-in-the-community-health-centre-setting
#16
Mark van der Maas, Heather Stuart, Scott B Patten, Emily K Lentinello, Sireesha J Bobbili, Robert E Mann, Hayley A Hamilton, Jamie C Sapag, Patrick Corrigan, Akwatu Khenti
OBJECTIVE: Stigma has been identified as a complex and problematic issue. It acts as a major barrier to accessing care and can exacerbate the experience of a health condition, particularly for clients with mental illness and substance use issues. Scales designed to assess stigmatising attitudes towards those with mental illness and substance use problems among health care providers are necessary to evaluate programs designed to reduce that stigma. The goal of this study was to evaluate the internal reliability and external validity of the Opening Minds Survey for Health Care Providers (OMS-HC)...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637124/recovery-and-creative-practices-in-people-with-severe-mental-illness-evaluating-well-being-and-social-inclusion
#17
Javier Saavedra, Elvira Pérez, Paul Crawford, Samuel Arias
PURPOSE: This mixed (quantitative-qualitative) study evaluates the impact of an artistic workshop on a group of people with severe mental illness (SMI). This study focuses on the impact of creative practices on well-being and social inclusion outcomes. METHOD: After participating in a creative workshop, 31 people diagnosed with a SMI completed pre/post-intervention measures, namely, the Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-Being Scale and the Social Inclusion questionnaire...
February 6, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635436/changes-in-the-nature-and-intensity-of-stress-following-employment-among-people-with-severe-mental-illness-receiving-individual-placement-and-support-services-an-exploratory-qualitative-study
#18
Christine Besse, Daniel Poremski, Vincent Laliberté, Eric Latimer
BACKGROUND: Most people with severe mental illness (SMI) want to work. Individual placement and support (IPS) programs have proven effective in helping them obtain and keep competitive jobs. Yet, practitioners often fear that competitive jobs might be too stressful. AIMS: To explore how the nature and intensity of stress experienced by IPS clients changed after the transition from looking for work to being employed. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews explored the experiences of 16 clients of an IPS program who had recently been competitively employed...
August 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622573/the-specificity-of-public-stigma-a-comparison-of-suicide-and-depression-related-stigma
#19
Lindsay Sheehan, Rachel Dubke, Patrick W Corrigan
Each year, approximately 1.3 million Americans survive a suicide attempt. While stigma has been reported by suicide attempt survivors, limited research has examined how suicide stigma may differ from the stigma of mental illness. U.S. adults (n = 440) completed an online survey in which they were randomly assigned to one of four vignettes. Vignettes depicted a target individual with either past depression, past suicide attempt, death by suicide, or no information on suicide or mental illness (control). Participants completed a general measure of stigma, a suicide-specific stigma measure, and were surveyed on the recovery potential of individuals with mental illness and suicide attempt...
June 8, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617207/development-and-validation-of-a-scale-assessing-mental-health-clinicians-experiences-of-associative-stigma
#20
Philip T Yanos, Beth Vayshenker, Joseph S DeLuca, Lauren K O'Connor
OBJECTIVE: Mental health professionals who work with people with serious mental illnesses are believed to experience associative stigma. Evidence suggests that associative stigma could play an important role in the erosion of empathy among professionals; however, no validated measure of the construct currently exists. This study examined the convergent and discriminant validity and factor structure of a new scale assessing the associative stigma experiences of clinicians working with people with serious mental illnesses...
October 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
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