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Mental illness stigma recovery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637124/recovery-and-creative-practices-in-people-with-severe-mental-illness-evaluating-well-being-and-social-inclusion
#1
Javier Saavedra, Elvira Pérez, Paul Crawford, Samuel Arias
PURPOSE: This mixed (quantitative-qualitative) study evaluates the impact of an artistic workshop on a group of people with severe mental illness (SMI). This study focuses on the impact of creative practices on well-being and social inclusion outcomes. METHOD: After participating in a creative workshop, 31 people diagnosed with a SMI completed pre/post-intervention measures, namely, the Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-Being Scale and the Social Inclusion questionnaire...
February 6, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635436/changes-in-the-nature-and-intensity-of-stress-following-employment-among-people-with-severe-mental-illness-receiving-individual-placement-and-support-services-an-exploratory-qualitative-study
#2
Christine Besse, Daniel Poremski, Vincent Laliberté, Eric Latimer
BACKGROUND: Most people with severe mental illness (SMI) want to work. Individual placement and support (IPS) programs have proven effective in helping them obtain and keep competitive jobs. Yet, practitioners often fear that competitive jobs might be too stressful. AIMS: To explore how the nature and intensity of stress experienced by IPS clients changed after the transition from looking for work to being employed. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews explored the experiences of 16 clients of an IPS program who had recently been competitively employed...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622573/the-specificity-of-public-stigma-a-comparison-of-suicide-and-depression-related-stigma
#3
Lindsay Sheehan, Rachel Dubke, Patrick W Corrigan
Each year, approximately 1.3 million Americans survive a suicide attempt. While stigma has been reported by suicide attempt survivors, limited research has examined how suicide stigma may differ from the stigma of mental illness. U.S. adults (n = 440) completed an online survey in which they were randomly assigned to one of four vignettes. Vignettes depicted a target individual with either past depression, past suicide attempt, death by suicide, or no information on suicide or mental illness (control). Participants completed a general measure of stigma, a suicide-specific stigma measure, and were surveyed on the recovery potential of individuals with mental illness and suicide attempt...
June 8, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617207/development-and-validation-of-a-scale-assessing-mental-health-clinicians-experiences-of-associative-stigma
#4
Philip T Yanos, Beth Vayshenker, Joseph S DeLuca, Lauren K O'Connor
OBJECTIVE: Mental health professionals who work with people with serious mental illnesses are believed to experience associative stigma. Evidence suggests that associative stigma could play an important role in the erosion of empathy among professionals; however, no validated measure of the construct currently exists. This study examined the convergent and discriminant validity and factor structure of a new scale assessing the associative stigma experiences of clinicians working with people with serious mental illnesses...
June 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589777/social-network-recovery-attitudes-and-internal-stigma-among-those-with-serious-mental-illness
#5
Bernadette Am Cullen, Ramin Mojtabai, Elahe Bordbar, Anita Everett, Katie L Nugent, William W Eaton
BACKGROUND: Social network size and strength is an important determinant of overall health. AIMS: This study describes the extent and strength of the social network among a sample of individuals with serious mental illness (SMI) and explores the relationship between an individual's social network and their experience of internal stigma and recovery attitudes. METHODS: Over a 2-year period, consecutive new patients with SMI attending two community mental health clinics were recruited and interviewed using a comprehensive battery of assessments including assessment of internalized stigma, recovery attitudes and symptom severity...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537124/family-group-interventions-in-an-early-psychosis-program-a-re-evaluation-of-practice-after-10%C3%A2-years-of-service-delivery
#6
Kate Day, Rachael Starbuck, Melissa Petrakis
INTRODUCTION: The role of family in supporting service users in coping with illness and engaging in relapse prevention in early psychosis is important. Taking on this caring though is stressful and challenging, and it has been found that support and information for carers assists in their coping and reduces isolation. AIMS: To evaluate the current utility of a psychoeducation group program in a public adult mental health service, for the families of people experiencing early psychosis...
May 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516801/representations-of-mental-health-and-arts-participation-in-the-national-and-local-british-press-2007-2015
#7
Dimitrinka Atanasova, Nelya Koteyko, Brian Brown, Paul Crawford
We analysed news articles published in national and local British newspapers between 2007 and 2015 to understand (1) how mental health and arts participation were framed and (2) how the relationships between participants in arts initiatives were conceptualised. Using corpus-assisted qualitative frame analysis, we identified frames of recovery, stigma and economy. The recovery frame, which emphasised that mental illness can be treated similarly to physical illness, positioned arts participation as a form of therapy that can complement or substitute medication...
May 1, 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496396/interventions-for-reducing-self-stigma-in-people-with-mental-illnesses-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#8
REVIEW
Roland Brian Büchter, Melanie Messer
Background: Self-stigma occurs when people with mental illnesses internalize negative stereotypes and prejudices about their condition. It can reduce help-seeking behaviour and treatment adherence. The effectiveness of interventions aimed at reducing self-stigma in people with mental illness is systematically reviewed. Results are discussed in the context of a logic model of the broader social context of mental illness stigma. Methods: Medline, Embase, PsycINFO, ERIC, and CENTRAL were searched for randomized controlled trials in November 2013...
2017: German Medical Science: GMS E-journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447822/social-cognition-internalized-stigma-and-recovery-orientation-among-adults-with-serious-mental-illness
#9
Katherine C Cunningham, Alicia Lucksted
OBJECTIVE: The social-cognitive model is useful in understanding internalized stigma, but research has not examined it in relationship to recovery orientation, an important outcome. This study examined the impact of the four stages of internalized stigma on recovery orientation and assessed cognitive insight as a moderator. METHOD: Data from a community sample of adults with serious mental illness (N = 268) were collected through structured interviews. Regression-based analyses were used to examine the main effects of internalized stigma on recovery orientation and the moderating effect of cognitive insight...
April 27, 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436717/preparing-nursing-students-for-mental-health-care-the-impact-of-a-recovery-oriented-clinical-placement
#10
Dana Perlman, Christopher Patterson, Lorna Moxham, Ellie Taylor, Renee Brighton, Susan Sumskis, Tim Heffernan
The provision of mental health care has recently focused on the concept of recovery-oriented care. Clinical placements are important for imparting recovery-oriented knowledge and skills to students. However, it has been determined that not all clinical placements are beneficial for future nursing professionals. The aim of this study was to examine what elements of professional learning were facilitated by engagement in a recovery- and recreation-based clinical placement for pre-registration nursing students called Recovery Camp...
April 24, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340614/family-focused-practice-within-a-recovery-framework-practitioners-qualitative-perspectives
#11
B Ward, A Reupert, F McCormick, S Waller, S Kidd
BACKGROUND: Family-focused practice (FFP) is an effective approach to supporting individuals with mental illness. 'Recovery' is also central to contemporary mental health care. However, there is a dearth of evidence about how the two concepts are related and subsequently implemented in practice. The aim of this study was to explore practitioners' understandings and practices of FFP within a recovery framework. METHODS: Purposive/snowball sampling was used to recruit and conduct qualitative interviews with 11 mental health practitioners in rural Australia...
March 24, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188369/self-stigma-as-a-barrier-to-recovery-a-longitudinal-study
#12
Nathalie Oexle, Mario Müller, Wolfram Kawohl, Ziyan Xu, Sandra Viering, Christine Wyss, Stefan Vetter, Nicolas Rüsch
Stigma limits life opportunities of persons with mental illness. Self-stigma, the internalization of negative stereotypes, undermines empowerment and could hinder recovery. Here we examined self-stigma's effect on recovery among 222 disability pensioners with mental illness over 2 years, controlling for age, gender, symptoms and recovery at baseline measured by the Recovery Assessment Scale. More self-stigma at baseline was associated with a significant decrease in recovery after 1 year (not significant after 2 years)...
February 10, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125326/attitudes-towards-people-with-depression-and-schizophrenia-among-social-service-workers-in-denmark
#13
Kamilla Bjørkøe Jensen, Per Vendsborg, Carsten Hjorthøj, Merete Nordentoft
BACKGROUND: Mental health-related stigma is a major public health issue, and is an obstacle to the possibility for successful treatment, recovery, and reintegration. AIM: To examine attitudes towards mental illness among employees in the social services. METHODS: The study design was part of a large randomized trial, and data presented in this study are baseline data from this trial. Respondents completed a baseline questionnaire to assess the respondents' attitudes...
April 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118821/the-content-of-delusions-in-a-sample-of-south-african-xhosa-people-with-schizophrenia
#14
Megan M Campbell, Goodman Sibeko, Sumaya Mall, Adam Baldinger, Mohamed Nagdee, Ezra Susser, Dan J Stein
BACKGROUND: Although the relationship between cultural beliefs and schizophrenia has received some attention, relatively little work has emerged from African contexts. In this study we draw from a sample of South African Xhosa people with schizophrenia, exploring their cultural beliefs and explanations of illness. The purpose of the article is to examine the relationship between this cultural context and the content of delusions. METHODS: A sample comprising 200 Xhosa people with schizophrenia participating in a South African schizophrenia genomics study were interviewed using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders (SCID-I)...
January 24, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105670/the-role-of-shame-in-people-with-a-diagnosis-of-schizophrenia
#15
Nadine Keen, Darren George, Peter Scragg, Emmanuelle Peters
OBJECTIVES: To examine the role of shame and its relationship to depression in schizophrenia. It was predicted that individuals with a diagnosis of schizophrenia would exhibit higher levels of shame due to the stigma associated with their diagnosis, independently of depression levels, compared with psychiatric and medical control groups. DESIGN: Cross-sectional design with three groups: individuals with a diagnosis of (1) schizophrenia, (2) depression, and (3) rheumatoid arthritis...
June 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090587/emotional-clarity-as-a-buffer-in-the-association-between-perceived-mental-illness-stigma-and-suicide-risk
#16
Katie Wang, Nicole H Weiss, John E Pachankis, Bruce G Link
Among people living with psychiatric disorders, mental illness stigma has been identified as a major barrier to recovery by contributing to low self-esteem and interfering with treatment-seeking. The present research examined the association between perceived mental illness stigma and suicide risk severity and considered the role of emotional clarity (i.e., the ability to identify and understand one's emotional experiences), a critical component of emotion regulation, as a moderator of this association. A sample of individuals who had experienced recent psychiatric hospitalizations (N = 184) completed self-report measures of perceived stigma associated with their psychiatric diagnoses, deficits in emotional clarity, and behaviors that have been found to confer risk for suicide...
November 2016: Stigma and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903136/outcomes-of-a-psychoeducational-intervention-to-reduce-internalized-stigma-among-psychosocial-rehabilitation-clients
#17
Alicia Lucksted, Amy L Drapalski, Clayton H Brown, Camille Wilson, Melanie Charlotte, Audrina Mullane, Li Juan Fang
OBJECTIVE: This community-based randomized controlled trial was carried out to test the Ending Self-Stigma (ESS) psychoeducational intervention, which is designed to help adults with serious mental illnesses reduce internalization of mental illness stigma and its effects. METHODS: A total of 268 adults from five different mental health programs in Maryland took part. After baseline interview, consenting participants were randomly assigned to the nine-week ESS intervention or a minimally enhanced treatment-as-usual control condition...
April 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884479/a-pilot-training-program-for-people-in-recovery-of-mental-illness-as-vocational-peer-support-workers-in-hong-kong-job-buddies-training-program-jbtp-a-preliminary-finding
#18
Kevin Kei Nang Yam, William Tak Lam Lo, Rose Lai Ping Chiu, Bien Shuk Yin Lau, Charles Ka Shing Lau, Jen Kei Yu Wu, Siu Man Wan
OBJECTIVES: The present study reviews the delivery of a pilot curriculum-mentorship-based peer vocational support workers training in a Hong Kong public psychiatric hospital. The present paper reports (1) on the development of a peer vocational support workers training - Job Buddies Training Program (JBTP) in Hong Kong; and (2) preliminary findings from both quantitative and qualitative perspectives. METHOD: The curriculum consists of 15-session coursework, 8-session storytelling workshop and 50-hour practicum to provide Supported Employment Peer Service (SEPS) under the mentorship of occupational therapists...
October 24, 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875626/developing-a-research-agenda-for-reducing-the-stigma-of-addictions-part-ii-lessons-from-the-mental-health-stigma-literature
#19
Patrick W Corrigan, Georg Schomerus, Valery Shuman, Dana Kraus, Debbie Perlick, Autumn Harnish, Magdalena Kulesza, Kathleen Kane-Willis, Sang Qin, David Smelson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although advocates and providers identify stigma as a major factor in confounding the recovery of people with SUDs, research on addiction stigma is lacking, especially when compared to the substantive literature examining the stigma of mental illness. METHODS: A comprehensive review of the stigma literature that yielded empirically supported concepts and methods from the mental health arena was contrasted with the much smaller and mostly descriptive findings from the addiction field...
January 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854452/accomplishments-of-77-va-mental-health-professionals-with-a-lived-experience-of-mental-illness
#20
Jennifer E Boyd, Antonette Zeiss, Shilpa Reddy, Stephanie Skinner
Anecdotal reports and first-person accounts by psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and nurses with lived experience of mental illness ("prosumers") indicate that they can be effective in these roles, but little is known about the extent, nature, or contributions of this group. Competently functioning prosumers are in a unique position to increase hope for recovery and reduce stigma and discrimination across the mental health field, to the ultimate benefit of consumers. The study surveyed a convenience sample of 77 prosumers working for the Veterans Health Administration (VHA)...
2016: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
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