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Mental illness stigma recovery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188369/self-stigma-as-a-barrier-to-recovery-a-longitudinal-study
#1
Nathalie Oexle, Mario Müller, Wolfram Kawohl, Ziyan Xu, Sandra Viering, Christine Wyss, Stefan Vetter, Nicolas Rüsch
Stigma limits life opportunities of persons with mental illness. Self-stigma, the internalization of negative stereotypes, undermines empowerment and could hinder recovery. Here we examined self-stigma's effect on recovery among 222 disability pensioners with mental illness over 2 years, controlling for age, gender, symptoms and recovery at baseline measured by the Recovery Assessment Scale. More self-stigma at baseline was associated with a significant decrease in recovery after 1 year (not significant after 2 years)...
February 10, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125326/attitudes-towards-people-with-depression-and-schizophrenia-among-social-service-workers-in-denmark
#2
Kamilla Bjørkøe Jensen, Per Vendsborg, Carsten Hjorthøj, Merete Nordentoft
BACKGROUND: Mental health-related stigma is a major public health issue, and is an obstacle to the possibility for successful treatment, recovery, and reintegration. AIM: To examine attitudes towards mental illness among employees in the social services. METHODS: The study design was part of a large randomized trial, and data presented in this study are baseline data from this trial. Respondents completed a baseline questionnaire to assess the respondents' attitudes...
April 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118821/the-content-of-delusions-in-a-sample-of-south-african-xhosa-people-with-schizophrenia
#3
Megan M Campbell, Goodman Sibeko, Sumaya Mall, Adam Baldinger, Mohamed Nagdee, Ezra Susser, Dan J Stein
BACKGROUND: Although the relationship between cultural beliefs and schizophrenia has received some attention, relatively little work has emerged from African contexts. In this study we draw from a sample of South African Xhosa people with schizophrenia, exploring their cultural beliefs and explanations of illness. The purpose of the article is to examine the relationship between this cultural context and the content of delusions. METHODS: A sample comprising 200 Xhosa people with schizophrenia participating in a South African schizophrenia genomics study were interviewed using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders (SCID-I)...
January 24, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105670/the-role-of-shame-in-people-with-a-diagnosis-of-schizophrenia
#4
Nadine Keen, Darren George, Peter Scragg, Emmanuelle Peters
OBJECTIVES: To examine the role of shame and its relationship to depression in schizophrenia. It was predicted that individuals with a diagnosis of schizophrenia would exhibit higher levels of shame due to the stigma associated with their diagnosis, independently of depression levels, compared with psychiatric and medical control groups. DESIGN: Cross-sectional design with three groups: individuals with a diagnosis of (1) schizophrenia, (2) depression, and (3) rheumatoid arthritis...
January 19, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090587/emotional-clarity-as-a-buffer-in-the-association-between-perceived-mental-illness-stigma-and-suicide-risk
#5
Katie Wang, Nicole H Weiss, John E Pachankis, Bruce G Link
Among people living with psychiatric disorders, mental illness stigma has been identified as a major barrier to recovery by contributing to low self-esteem and interfering with treatment-seeking. The present research examined the association between perceived mental illness stigma and suicide risk severity and considered the role of emotional clarity (i.e., the ability to identify and understand one's emotional experiences), a critical component of emotion regulation, as a moderator of this association. A sample of individuals who had experienced recent psychiatric hospitalizations (N = 184) completed self-report measures of perceived stigma associated with their psychiatric diagnoses, deficits in emotional clarity, and behaviors that have been found to confer risk for suicide...
November 2016: Stigma and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903136/outcomes-of-a-psychoeducational-intervention-to-reduce-internalized-stigma-among-psychosocial-rehabilitation-clients
#6
Alicia Lucksted, Amy L Drapalski, Clayton H Brown, Camille Wilson, Melanie Charlotte, Audrina Mullane, Li Juan Fang
OBJECTIVE: This community-based randomized controlled trial was carried out to test the Ending Self-Stigma (ESS) psychoeducational intervention, which is designed to help adults with serious mental illnesses reduce internalization of mental illness stigma and its effects. METHODS: A total of 268 adults from five different mental health programs in Maryland took part. After baseline interview, consenting participants were randomly assigned to the nine-week ESS intervention or a minimally enhanced treatment-as-usual control condition...
December 1, 2016: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884479/a-pilot-training-program-for-people-in-recovery-of-mental-illness-as-vocational-peer-support-workers-in-hong-kong-job-buddies-training-program-jbtp-a-preliminary-finding
#7
Kevin Kei Nang Yam, William Tak Lam Lo, Rose Lai Ping Chiu, Bien Shuk Yin Lau, Charles Ka Shing Lau, Jen Kei Yu Wu, Siu Man Wan
OBJECTIVES: The present study reviews the delivery of a pilot curriculum-mentorship-based peer vocational support workers training in a Hong Kong public psychiatric hospital. The present paper reports (1) on the development of a peer vocational support workers training - Job Buddies Training Program (JBTP) in Hong Kong; and (2) preliminary findings from both quantitative and qualitative perspectives. METHOD: The curriculum consists of 15-session coursework, 8-session storytelling workshop and 50-hour practicum to provide Supported Employment Peer Service (SEPS) under the mentorship of occupational therapists...
October 24, 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875626/developing-a-research-agenda-for-reducing-the-stigma-of-addictions-part-ii-lessons-from-the-mental-health-stigma-literature
#8
Patrick W Corrigan, Georg Schomerus, Valery Shuman, Dana Kraus, Debbie Perlick, Autumn Harnish, Magdalena Kulesza, Kathleen Kane-Willis, Sang Qin, David Smelson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although advocates and providers identify stigma as a major factor in confounding the recovery of people with SUDs, research on addiction stigma is lacking, especially when compared to the substantive literature examining the stigma of mental illness. METHODS: A comprehensive review of the stigma literature that yielded empirically supported concepts and methods from the mental health arena was contrasted with the much smaller and mostly descriptive findings from the addiction field...
January 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854452/accomplishments-of-77-va-mental-health-professionals-with-a-lived-experience-of-mental-illness
#9
Jennifer E Boyd, Antonette Zeiss, Shilpa Reddy, Stephanie Skinner
Anecdotal reports and first-person accounts by psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and nurses with lived experience of mental illness ("prosumers") indicate that they can be effective in these roles, but little is known about the extent, nature, or contributions of this group. Competently functioning prosumers are in a unique position to increase hope for recovery and reduce stigma and discrimination across the mental health field, to the ultimate benefit of consumers. The study surveyed a convenience sample of 77 prosumers working for the Veterans Health Administration (VHA)...
2016: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825381/cornerstone-program-for-transition-age-youth-with-serious-mental-illness-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Michelle R Munson, Andrea Cole, Victoria Stanhope, Steven C Marcus, Mary McKay, James Jaccard, Shelly Ben-David
BACKGROUND: Transition-age youth have elevated rates of mental disorders, and they often do not receive services. This is a serious public health concern, as mental health conditions persist into adulthood. Continuing to engage this population has been a pervasive challenge for the mental health care system worldwide. Few mental health interventions have been developed for transition-age youth, and even fewer have been found to be effective over the transition to adulthood. Cornerstone, a theoretically guided intervention has shown promise for addressing the mental health and psychosocial needs of this population as they emerge into adulthood...
November 8, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815514/recovery-and-its-correlates-among-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-a-study-from-a-tertiary-care-centre-in-north-india
#11
Sandeep Grover, Nandita Hazari, Jitender Aneja, Subho Chakrabarti, Sunil Sharma, Ajit Avasthi
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The goal of treatment in mental illness has evolved from a symptom-based approach to a personal recovery-based approach. The aim of this study was to evaluate the predictors of personal recovery among patients with bipolar disorder. METHODOLOGY: A total of 185 patients with bipolar disorder, currently in remission, were evaluated on Recovery Assessment Scale (RAS), Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness Scale (ISMIS), Brief Religious coping scale (RCOPE), Duke University Religiosity Index (DUREL), Religiousness Measures Scale, Hamilton depression rating scale (HDRS), Young Mania rating scale (YMRS) and Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) scale...
December 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779803/developing-a-research-agenda-for-understanding-the-stigma-of-addictions-part-i-lessons-from-the-mental-health-stigma-literature
#12
Patrick Corrigan, Georg Schomerus, Valery Shuman, Dana Kraus, Debbie Perlick, Autumn Harnish, Magdalena Kulesza, Kathleen Kane-Willis, Sang Qin, David Smelson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although advocates and providers identify stigma as a major factor in confounding the recovery of people with SUDs, research on addiction stigma is lacking, especially when compared to the substantive literature examining the stigma of mental illness. METHODS: A review of key studies from the stigma literature that yielded empirically supported concepts and methods from the mental health arena was contrasted with the much smaller and mostly descriptive findings from the addiction field...
January 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756281/a-pragmatic-randomized-control-trial-and-realist-evaluation-on-the-implementation-and-effectiveness-of-an-internet-application-to-support-self-management-among-individuals-seeking-specialized-mental-health-care-a-study-protocol
#13
Jennifer M Hensel, Jay Shaw, Lianne Jeffs, Noah M Ivers, Laura Desveaux, Ashley Cohen, Payal Agarwal, Walter P Wodchis, Joshua Tepper, Darren Larsen, Anita McGahan, Peter Cram, Geetha Mukerji, Muhammad Mamdani, Rebecca Yang, Ivy Wong, Nike Onabajo, Trevor Jamieson, R Sacha Bhatia
BACKGROUND: Mental illness is a substantial and rising contributor to the global burden of disease. Access to and utilization of mental health care, however, is limited by structural barriers such as specialist availability, time, out-of-pocket costs, and attitudinal barriers including stigma. Innovative solutions like virtual care are rapidly entering the health care domain. The advancement and adoption of virtual care for mental health, however, often occurs in the absence of rigorous evaluation and adequate planning for sustainability and spread...
October 18, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732012/perceived-primal-threat-of-mental-illness-and-recovery-the-mediating-role-of-self-stigma-and-self-empowerment
#14
Ruirui Zhang, Winnie W S Mak, Randolph C H Chan
Although people in recovery from mental illness can continue to live a personally meaningful life despite their mental illness, their perception of mental illness as being a threat to their basic needs may influence the way they view themselves as a person with mental illness and their sense of mastery over their condition. The present study explored the effects of perceived primal threat on the recovery of people with mental illness, considering the mediating roles of self-stigma and self-empowerment. Latent variable structural equation modeling was conducted among 376 individuals with mental illness in Hong Kong...
2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644016/common-sense-model-of-mental-illness-understanding-the-impact-of-cognitive-and-emotional-representations-of-mental-illness-on-recovery-through-the-mediation-of-self-stigma
#15
Randolph C H Chan, Winnie W S Mak
The present study applied the common sense model to understand the underlying mechanism of how cognitive and emotional representations of mental illness among people in recovery of mental illness would impact their endorsement of self-stigma, and how that would, in turn, affect clinical and personal recovery. A cross-sectional survey was administered to 376 people in recovery. Participants were recruited from seven public specialty outpatient clinics and substance abuse assessment clinics across various districts in Hong Kong...
December 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604363/randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-digitally-assisted-low-intensity-intervention-to-promote-personal-recovery-in-persisting-psychosis-smart-therapy-study-protocol
#16
Neil Thomas, John Farhall, Fiona Foley, Susan L Rossell, David Castle, Emma Ladd, Denny Meyer, Cathrine Mihalopoulos, Nuwan Leitan, Cassy Nunan, Rosalie Frankish, Tara Smark, Sue Farnan, Bronte McLeod, Leon Sterling, Greg Murray, Ellie Fossey, Lisa Brophy, Michael Kyrios
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial interventions have an important role in promoting recovery in people with persisting psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia. Readily available, digital technology provides a means of developing therapeutic resources for use together by practitioners and mental health service users. As part of the Self-Management and Recovery Technology (SMART) research program, we have developed an online resource providing materials on illness self-management and personal recovery based on the Connectedness-Hope-Identity-Meaning-Empowerment (CHIME) framework...
September 7, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27561224/stakeholder-perspectives-on-the-stigma-of-suicide-attempt-survivors
#17
Lindsay L Sheehan, Patrick W Corrigan, Maya A Al-Khouja
BACKGROUND: Past scholarly efforts to describe and measure the stigma surrounding suicide have largely viewed suicide stigma from the perspective of the general public. AIMS: In the spirit of community-based participatory research (CBPR), the current study brought together a diverse stakeholder team to qualitatively investigate the suicide stigma as experienced by those most intimately affected by suicide. METHOD: Seven focus groups (n = 62) were conducted with suicide attempt survivors, family members of those who died by suicide, and suicide loss therapists...
August 26, 2016: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27485610/-talk-with-me-perspectives-on-services-for-men-with-problem-gambling-and-housing-instability
#18
Sara J T Guilcher, Sarah Hamilton-Wright, Wayne Skinner, Julia Woodhall-Melnik, Peter Ferentzy, Aklilu Wendaferew, Stephen W Hwang, Flora I Matheson
BACKGROUND: Problem gambling and homelessness are recognized as important public health concerns that significantly impact individuals, their friends and families, communities and broader society. We aimed to explore the experiences with health and social services of men who had histories of problem gambling and housing instability in Toronto, Ontario. METHODS: We used a community-based participatory approach with a multi-service agency serving low-income individuals...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27461413/changing-public-stigma-with-continuum-beliefs
#19
Patrick W Corrigan, Annie Schmidt, Andrea B Bink, Katherine Nieweglowski, Maya A Al-Khouja, Sang Qin, Steve Discont
BACKGROUND: Given the egregious effect of public stigma on the lives of people with mental illness, researchers have sought to unpack and identify effective components of anti-stigma programs. AIM: We expect to show that continuum messages have more positive effect on stigma and affirming attitudes (beliefs that people with mental illness recover and should be personally empowered) than categorical perspectives. The effect of continuum beliefs will interact with contact strategies...
July 27, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27429348/can-a-clinical-placement-influence-stigma-an-analysis-of-measures-of-social-distance
#20
Lorna Moxham, Ellie Taylor, Christopher Patterson, Dana Perlman, Renee Brighton, Susan Sumskis, Emily Keough, Tim Heffernan
BACKGROUND: The way people who experience mental illness are perceived by health care professionals, which often includes stigmatising attitudes, can have a significant impact on treatment outcomes and on their quality of life. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether stigma towards people with mental illness varied for undergraduate nursing students who attended a non-traditional clinical placement called Recovery Camp compared to students who attended a 'typical' mental health clinical placement...
September 2016: Nurse Education Today
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