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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812956/toxicity-identification-and-evaluation-for-the-effluent-from-a-nonmetallic-mineral-mining-facility-in-korea-using-d-magna
#1
Sungjong Lee, Hongjoo Ha, JinKyung Hong, Guyoung Kang, Chunsang Hong
Industrial wastewater has attracted increasing attention in recent years because of its impact on ecosystems and human health. Whole-effluent tests are generally used to monitor toxicities of unknown chemicals and conventional pollutants from industrial effluent discharges. This study described identification evaluation (TIE) procedures to determine the acute toxicity of a nonmetallic mineral mining facility effluent that was toxic to Daphnia magna. In the characterization step (TIE phase I), toxic effects of heavy metals, organic compounds, oxidants, volatile organic compounds, suspended solids, and ammonia were screened...
January 1, 2017: Toxicology and Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810617/multicomponent-quantification-of-astragalus-residue-fermentation-liquor-using-ion-chromatography-integrated-pulsed-amperometric-detection
#2
Ying Zhang, Jiarong Wu, Quanhui Ni, Hong Dong
Chinese medicine residues contain abundant cellulose and hemicellulose, which are potential renewable carbon sources for ethanol production. The aim of the present study was to develop a rapid and reliable method to evaluate the cellulose and hemicellulose utilization in Chinese medicine residues. In the present study, key hydrolysates (arabinose, galactose, glucose, xylose, and cellobiose) of the cellulose and hemicellulose in fermentation liquor of Astragalus residues were simultaneously quantified by ion chromatography using an integrated pulsed amperometric detector (IPAD)...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810230/a-novel-hydrophilic-interaction-liquid-chromatography-method-for-the-determination-of-underivatized-amino-acids-in-alimentary-supplements
#3
Thomas Themelis, Roberto Gotti, Rita Gatti
Amino acids playing important roles in metabolic processes are often included in dietary supplements whose use has largely expanded over the last 20 years not only in patients with particular deficiencies, but also in athletes and even common people that want to enrich their regular daily diet. In the present study, a bare silica Kinetex core-shell 2.6μm HILIC column was used for separation of some important hydrophilic amino acids and amino acids-like molecules i.e., aspartic acid, creatine, carnitine, arginine and the tripeptide glutathione (GSH), by optimizing the chromatographic conditions for their determination in complex alimentary supplements...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810205/chemical-composition-source-and-process-of-urban-aerosols-during-winter-haze-formation-in-northeast-china
#4
Jian Zhang, Lei Liu, Yuanyuan Wang, Yong Ren, Xin Wang, Zongbo Shi, Daizhou Zhang, Huizheng Che, Hujia Zhao, Yanfei Liu, Hongya Niu, Jianmin Chen, Xiaoye Zhang, A P Lingaswamy, Zifa Wang, Weijun Li
The characteristics of aerosol particles have been poorly evaluated even though haze episodes frequently occur in winter in Northeast China. OC/EC analysis, ion chromatography, and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) were used to investigate the organic carbon (OC) and elemental carbon (EC), and soluble ions in PM2.5 and the mixing state of individual particles during a severe wintertime haze episode in Northeast China. The organic matter (OM), NH4(+), SO4(2-), and NO3(-) concentrations in PM2.5 were 89...
August 12, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808600/simultaneous-determination-of-11-compounds-in-gualou-guizhi-granule-and-pharmacokinetics-study-by-uplc-ms-ms
#5
Chengtao Sun, Wen Xu, Yuqin Zhang, Lishuang Yu, Miao Ye, Kedan Chu, Wei Xu, Yu Lin
A rapid and sensitive ultrafast performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method (UPLC-MS/MS) was developed for the simultaneous determination of 11 compounds in Gualou Guizhi Granule (GLGZG), including liquiritin, isoliquiritin, liquirtin apioside, isoliquiritin apioside, liquiritigenin, isoliquiritigenin, glycyrrhizic acid, glycyrrhetinic acid, paeoniflorin, albiflorin, and paeoniflorin sulfonate in rat plasma. UPLC-MS/MS assay with negative ion mode was performed on a Waters CORTECS C18 (2...
2017: Journal of Analytical Methods in Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808387/new-apigenin-glycoside-polyphenolic-constituents-anti-inflammatory-and-hepatoprotective-activities-of-gaillardia-grandiflora-and-gaillardia-pulchella-aerial-parts
#6
Fatma A Moharram, Rabab Abd El Moneim El Dib, Mohamed S Marzouk, Siham M El-Shenawy, Haitham A Ibrahim
BACKGROUND: Gaillardia grandiflora Hort. ex Van Houte and Gaillardia pulchella Foug are flowering plants widely cultivated in Egypt for their ornamental value. Previous reports demonstrated that sesquiterpene derivatives represent the major compounds in both species. Moreover, only few flavones were identified from genus Gaillardia and few studies on the cytotoxicity of G. pulchella were found. AIM OF THE STUDY: Investigation of the phenolic constituents of the aerial parts of both species and evaluation of their anti-inflammatory and hepatoprotective activities...
July 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807548/application-of-a-simple-column-switching-ion-chromatography-technique-for-removal-of-matrix-interferences-and-sensitive-fluorescence-determination-of-acidic-compounds-pharmaceutical-drugs-in-complex-samples
#7
Nadeem Muhammad, Qamar Subhani, Fenglian Wang, Dandan Guo, Qiming Zhao, Shuchao Wu, Yan Zhu
This work illustrates the introduction of a simple, rugged and flexible column-switching ion chromatography (IC) technique for an automated on-line QuEChERS extracted samples extracts washing followed by sensitive fluorescence (FLD) determination of five acidic pharmaceutical drugs namely; clofibric acid (CLO), ibuprofen (IBU), aspirin (ASP), naproxen (NAP) and flurobrofen (FLU) in three complex samples (spinach, apple and hospital sewage sludge). An old anion exchange column IonPac(®) AS11-HC was utilized as a pre-treatment column for on-line washing of inorganic and organic interferences followed by isocratic separation of five acidic drugs with another anion exchange IonPac(®) AS12A analytical column by exploiting the column-switching technique...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807230/global-identification-of-chemical-constituents-and-rat-metabolites-of-si-miao-wan-by-liquid-chromatography-electrospray-ionization-quadrupole-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry
#8
Jin-Jin Lu, Xue-Wen Hu, Ping Li, Jun Chen
Si-Miao-Wan (SMW), a tradiational Chinese medicinal formula consisting of Atractylodis Rhizoma, Phellodendri Chinensis Cortex, Coicis Semen, and Achyranthis Bidentatae Radix, has been used for the treatment of gout and gouty arthritis for many years. In the present study, a liquid chromatography quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (LC-Q-TOF/MS) method was established to identify the multiple constituents of SMW and its metabolites in rat biological samples after oral administration. A total of 48 compounds in SMW, including 21 alkaloids, 12 organic acids, 2 terpenes, 3 lactones, 2 phytosterols, and 8 other compounds, were tentatively characterized with the diagnostic-ion filtering strategy...
July 2017: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806571/separation-and-characterization-of-allergic-polymerized-impurities-in-cephalosporins-by-2d-hpsec%C3%A3-lc-it-tof-ms
#9
Yu Xu, DanDan Wang, Lan Tang, Jian Wang
Eleven unknown allergic impurities in cefodizime, cefmenoxime and cefonicid were separated and characterized by a trap-free two-dimensional high performance size exclusion chromatography (HPSEC) and reversed phase liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) coupled to high resolution ion trap/time-of-flight mass spectrometry (2D-HPSEC×LC-IT-TOF MS) with positive and negative modes of electrospray ionization method. Separation and characterization the allergic polymerized impurities in β-lactam antibiotics were on the basis of column-switching technique which effectively combined the advantages of HPSEC and the ability of RP-HPLC to identify the special impurities...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806069/oxidation-kinetics-of-bromophenols-by-nonradical-activation-of-peroxydisulfate-in-the-presence-of-carbon-nanotube-and-formation-of-brominated-polymeric-products
#10
Chao-Ting Guan, Jin Jiang, Cong-Wei Luo, Jun Ma, Su-Yan Pang, Yang Zhou, Yi Yang
This work demonstrated that bromophenols (BrPs) could be readily oxidized by peroxydisulfate (PDS) activated by a commercial carbon nanotube (CNT), while furfuryl alcohol (a chemical probe for singlet oxygen (1O2)) was quite refractory. Results obtained by radical quenching experiments, electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy further confirmed the involvement of nonradical PDS-CNT complexes rather than 1O2. Bicarbonate and chloride ion exhibited negligible impacts on BrPs degradation by the PDS/CNT system, while a significant inhibitory effect was observed for natural organic matter...
August 14, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805701/a-pectic-polysaccharide-from-sijunzi-decoction-promotes-the-antioxidant-defenses-of-sw480-cells
#11
Chao Huang, Zhongkai Zhu, Xiyue Cao, Xingfu Chen, Yuping Fu, Zhengli Chen, Lixia Li, Xu Song, Renyong Jia, Zhongqiong Yin, Gang Ye, Bin Feng, Yuanfeng Zou
Sijunzi Decoction (SJZD) is a formula used for the treatment of spleen deficiency and gastrointestinal diseases in Traditional Chinese Medicine. Polysaccharides are reported to be the main components of SJZD responsible for its bio-functions. However, highly purified and clearly characterized polysaccharides from SJZD are not well described. Here we obtained a purified polysaccharide (SJZDP-II-I) from SJZD using ion exchange chromatography and gel filtration. Structure analysis by FT-IR and NMR identified SJZDP-II-I as a typical pectic polysaccharide with homogalacturonan and rhamnogalacturonan type I regions and arabinogalactan type I and II as side chains...
August 12, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803645/liquid-chromatography-quadrupole-orbitrap-mass-spectrometry-method-for-selected-pharmaceuticals-in-water-samples
#12
Jalal T Althakafy, Chadin Kulsing, Michael R Grace, Philip J Marriott
This study developed an analytical approach for sub-ppb level detection and confirmation of 13 pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) in water samples using ultra high pressure liquid chromatography hyphenated with a quadrupole Orbitrap mass spectrometer (UHPLC- Q-Orbitrap-MS). Sample preparation was performed by using solid phase extraction (SPE) employing hydrophilic-lipophilic balance cartridges, with elution of sorbed analytes using methanol. Acceptable automatic gain control (AGC) target and maximum injection time (IT) were 1×10(6) and 200ms, respectively, resulting in a mass accuracy <2ppm...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803541/ion-exchange-chromatography-purification-of-extracellular-vesicles
#13
Maja Kosanović, Bojana Milutinović, Sanja Goč, Ninoslav Mitić, Miroslava Janković
Despite numerous studies, isolating pure preparations of extracellular vesicles (EVs) has proven challenging. Here, we compared ion-exchange chromatography (IEC) to the widely used sucrose density gradient (SDG) centrifugation method for the purification of EVs. EVs in bulk were isolated from pooled normal human amniotic fluid (AF) by differential centrifugation followed by IEC or sucrose density gradient separation. The purity of the isolated EVs was evaluated by electrophoresis and lectin blotting/immuno blotting to monitor the distribution of total proteins, different EVs markers, and selected N-glycans...
August 1, 2017: BioTechniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803268/proteomic-profiling-of-the-dystrophin-complex-and-membrane-fraction-from-dystrophic-mdx-muscle-reveals-decreases-in-the-cytolinker-desmoglein-and-increases-in-the-extracellular-matrix-stabilizers-biglycan-and-fibronectin
#14
Sandra Murphy, Heinrich Brinkmeier, Mirjam Krautwald, Michael Henry, Paula Meleady, Kay Ohlendieck
The almost complete loss of the membrane cytoskeletal protein dystrophin and concomitant drastic reduction in dystrophin-associated glycoproteins are the underlying mechanisms of the highly progressive neuromuscular disorder Duchenne muscular dystrophy. In order to identify new potential binding partners of dystrophin or proteins in close proximity to the sarcolemmal dystrophin complex, proteomic profiling of the isolated dystrophin-glycoprotein complex was carried out. Subcellular membrane fractionation and detergent solubilisation, in combination with ion exchange, lectin chromatography and density gradient ultracentrifugation, was performed to isolate a dystrophin complex-enriched fraction...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Muscle Research and Cell Motility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801822/simultaneous-quantification-of-free-cholesterol-cholesteryl-esters-and-triglycerides-without-ester-hydrolysis-by-uhplc-separation-and-in-source-collision-induced-dissociation-coupled-ms-ms
#15
Michael S Gardner, Lisa G McWilliams, Jeffrey I Jones, Zsuzsanna Kuklenyik, James L Pirkle, John R Barr
We demonstrate the application of in-source nitrogen collision-induced dissociation (CID) that eliminates the need for ester hydrolysis before simultaneous analysis of esterified cholesterol (EC) and triglycerides (TG) along with free cholesterol (FC) from human serum, using normal phase liquid chromatography (LC) coupled to atmospheric pressure chemical ionization (APCI) tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS). The analysis requires only 50 μL of 1:100 dilute serum with a high-throughput, precipitation/evaporation/extraction protocol in one pot...
August 11, 2017: Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800549/simultaneous-determination-of-bentazone-and-its-metabolites-in-postmortem-whole-blood-using-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#16
Byungsuk Cho, Suncheun Kim, Sangwhan In, Sanggil Choe
A liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method with solid-phase extraction (SPE) was developed and validated for the detection and quantitation of bentazone and its two hydroxylated metabolites, 6-hydroxybentazone and 8-hydroxybentazone, in postmortem blood. Sample cleanup was performed using a hydrophilic-lipophilic balanced (HLB) SPE cartridge and then separated on a C18 LC column using a gradient elution of 0.1% formic acid in distilled water and 0.1% formic acid in methanol. The identification of bentazone and its hydroxylated metabolites was performed using tandem mass spectrometry with electrospray ionization in negative ion mode with selective reaction monitoring...
July 29, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796377/tryptophan-and-cysteine-oxidation-products-dominate-in-%C3%AE-lactalbumin-derived-peptides-analyzed-with-lc-ms-n
#17
Tuuli P Koivumäki, Göker Gürbüz, I Marina Heinonen
α-Lactalbumin (α-La), a major milk whey protein, is comprised of several amino acids prone to metal-catalyzed oxidation (MCO) typical in processing and during storage of foods. New tools are needed for the detection of characteristic oxidation products especially from tryptophan and cysteine that often remain unrecognized when using the traditional methods of carbonyl formation monitoring. In this study, the oxidative changes in α-La were investigated through tryptic digestion and collection of 3 descriptive peptides fitted into a metal-catalyzed oxidation (Fenton reaction) model...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794573/quantitative-assessment-of-pm2-5-sources-and-their-seasonal-variation-in-krakow
#18
Lucyna Samek, Z Stegowski, L Furman, K Styszko, K Szramowiat, J Fiedor
In industry areas of Poland such as Silesia or urban sites like Krakow and some other cities, the levels of pollutants frequently breach air quality standards. Particulate matter (PM) is the most important constituent of atmospheric pollution. Beginning on 1st February 2014 until 31st January 2015, the samples of fine particulate matter PM2.5 (aerodynamic diameter of particles less than or equal to 2.5 μm) were collected at a site in the south-eastern Krakow urban background area. During this period, 194 samples were taken...
2017: Water, Air, and Soil Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794317/high-resolution-kendrick-mass-defect-analysis-of-poly-ethylene-oxide-based-non-ionic-surfactants-and-their-degradation-products
#19
Thierry Fouquet, Haruo Shimada, Katsuyuki Maeno, Kanako Ito, Yuka Ozeki, Shinya Kitagawa, Hajime Ohtani, Hiroaki Sato
Matrix assisted laser desorption ionization (MALDI) high-resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS) and the recently introduced high-resolution Kendrick mass defect (HRKMD) analysis are combined to thoroughly characterize non-ionic surfactants made of a poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) core capped by esters of fatty acids. A PEO monostearate surfactant is first analyzed as a proof of principle of the HRKMD analysis conducted with a fraction of EO as the base unit (EO/X with X being an integer) in lieu of EO for a regular KMD analysis...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Oleo Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792714/preparation-of-commutable-frozen-human-serum-candidate-reference-materials-for-standardization-of-sodium-measurements
#20
Rui Zhang, Shunli Zhang, Qingtao Wang
BACKGROUND: The measurement of serum sodium is important in the diagnosis of diseases. However, the accuracy and comparability of results in clinical laboratories are not ideal. The aim of this study was to prepare the candidate reference materials (RMs) to standardize serum sodium measurements. METHODS: Fresh sera without hemolysis, lipemia, and choloplania were collected and packed in the cryovials. According to ISO Guide 35, the homogeneity and stability were tested...
July 1, 2017: Clinical Laboratory
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