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"Fear of cancer"

Elisavet Moschopoulou, Iain Hutchison, Kamaldeep Bhui, Ania Korszun
PURPOSE: Head and neck cancer (HNC) diagnosis and treatment are distressing and have immediate detrimental impacts on functioning and quality of life (QoL). Nevertheless, little is known about long-term psychosocial effects. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and correlates of clinical post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and subclinical post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) in HNC patients surviving more than 2 years since treatment and in their partners. METHODS: HNC survivors identified from the cancer registry of a London hospital and their partners completed measures of PTSS, depression and anxiety, fear of cancer recurrence, social support, appearance concerns and health-related QoL...
March 15, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Chyssoula Karlou, Constantina Papadopoulou, Elizabeth Papathanassoglou, Chryssoula Lemonidou, Fotini Vouzavali, Anna Zafiropoulou-Koutroubas, Stelios Katsaragakis, Elisabeth Patiraki
BACKGROUND: Nurses' caring behaviors are central in the quality of care of patients undergoing sophisticated chemotherapy protocols. However, there is a scarcity of research regarding these behaviors in non-Anglo-Saxon countries. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore caring behaviors that nurses perceive as important in caring for patients in Greece receiving chemotherapy. METHODS: We used a mixed-methods design, including a survey in 7 oncology wards in 3 cancer hospitals in Attica, Greece, and a subsequent qualitative focus group investigation...
March 13, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Ching-Rong Lin, Shu-Ching Chen, Sébastien Simard, Joseph Tung-Chien Chang, Yeur-Hur Lai
OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this study were to develop a Chinese version of the Fear of Cancer Recurrence Inventory-caregiver (FCRI-c Chinese) and assess the psychometrics of this test in the family caregivers (FCs) of Taiwanese patients with head and neck cancer (HNC). METHODS: An instrument testing study was conducted at a major medical center in Taiwan. HNC patients and their major FCs were recruited as dyads from the radiation outpatient department. The FCRI-c Chinese was tested for internal consistency reliability, test-retest reliability, and construct validity (including theoretically supported correlation, discriminant validity, and factor structure)...
March 6, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Christina Tomei, Sophie Lebel, Christine Maheu, Monique Lefebvre, Cheryl Harris
PURPOSE: Among cancer survivors, fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) is the most frequently reported unmet need. Despite this, research on psychosocial interventions that target FCR is limited. To address this gap, an individual cognitive-existential psychotherapy intervention for FCR was pilot tested via small-scale RCT. METHODS: Participants were recruited via study posters, healthcare professionals' referrals, and an electronic hospital database. Twenty-five female cancer survivors were randomized to experimental or wait-list control groups...
March 2, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Hannah Matthews, Andrew Turner, Iain Williamson, Wendy Clyne
OBJECTIVE: In the United Kingdom, the number of women undergoing post-mastectomy breast reconstruction is increasing. Consequently, exploring patient-reported outcomes in breast surgery has become increasingly important. This study investigated satisfaction and quality of life following post-mastectomy breast reconstruction. DESIGN: Qualitative research design. METHODS: In-depth, semi-structured telephone interviews were conducted with 25 women (age, M = 53...
March 2, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Margaret Cupit-Link, Karen L Syrjala, Shahrukh K Hashmi
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Improvements in curative treatments for many types of cancer have emerged over the past several decades, resulting in a growing population of long-term cancer survivors - of both adult and childhood cancers. Despite this incredible medical achievement, long-term survivors of cancer face a unique fear: the fear of relapse. METHODS: We conducted a review of the literature for data on fear of relapse among cancer survivors. RESULTS: The fear of cancer recurrence is present in survivors of childhood and adult cancers as well as family members and often leads to psychological sequelae...
February 19, 2018: Hematology/oncology and Stem Cell Therapy
G M Humphris, E Watson, M Sharpe, G Ozakinci
BACKGROUND: The assessment of fear of recurrence (FCR) is crucial for understanding an important psychological state in patients diagnosed and treated for cancer. The study aim was to determine psychometric details of a seven question self-report scale (FCR7) and a short form (FCR4) based upon items already used in various extensive measures of FCR. METHODS: Two consecutive samples of patients (breast and colorectal) were recruited from a single specialist cancer centre...
February 9, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Marieke van de Wal, Petra Servaes, Rebecca Berry, Belinda Thewes, Judith Prins
This case study describes the course and content of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for clinical fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) in a breast cancer survivor. The CBT for clinical FCR consisted of seven face-to-face therapy sessions and one telephone session. The primary treatment goal was to reduce FCR severity by modifying cognitive processes and dysfunctional behavior. Assessments of FCR and quality of life were completed by the breast cancer survivor pre-therapy, post-therapy, and at 6 and 12 months of post-therapy...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
L Barracliffe, Y Yang, J Cameron, C Bedi, G Humphris
Fears of cancer recurrence (FCR) in patients with breast cancer are hypothesised to develop over the period from diagnosis, through treatment and thereafter. A crucial point may be the contact that patients have with their therapeutic radiographer in review appointments. The study aimed to (1) describe and categorise the content of the identified emotional talk, and (2) consider the evidence for an association of content with FCR trajectory. METHODS: A concurrent mixed methods approach was applied as part of a larger investigation (FORECAST) of breast cancer patients (n=87)...
March 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Phyllis Butow MClinPsych, Louise Sharpe, Belinda Thewes, Jane Turner, Jemma Gilchrist MClinPsych, Jane Beith
With increasing cancer survival, fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) is becoming a prominent clinical issue. FCR is prevalent, distressing, and long-lasting, and can negatively impact patients' quality of life, use of health services, and adherence to follow-up recommendations. Novel targeted therapies may increase risk of FCR because of longer treatment duration and follow-up, increased prognostic precision, and omission of treatment based on genomic status. Oncologists can assess and screen for FCR using validated measures; provide adequate information about prognosis, signs and symptoms of recurrence, and behavioral strategies for risk reduction and follow-up; and warn patients and families that FCR may be an issue in survivorship...
January 15, 2018: Oncology (Williston Park, NY)
Julie Berrett-Abebe, Tamara Cadet, Larissa Nekhlyudov, Joan Vitello, Peter Maramaldi
There are an estimated 15.5 million cancer survivors in the United States, with numbers projected to increase. Many cancer survivors are receiving survivorship care in primary care settings, yet primary care providers report a need for additional training on addressing medical and psychosocial concerns of cancer survivors. This paper presents findings from a pilot study on the effectiveness of a novel training for interprofessional primary care providers on the clinically significant issue of fear of cancer recurrence...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
Justin C Brown, Nevena Damjanov, Kerry S Courneya, Andrea B Troxel, Babette S Zemel, Michael R Rickels, Bonnie Ky, Andrew D Rhim, Anil K Rustgi, Kathryn H Schmitz
OBJECTIVE: To examine the dose-response effects of aerobic exercise on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among colon cancer survivors. METHODS: Thirty-nine stage I-III colon cancer survivors were randomized to one of three groups: usual-care control, 150 min·wk-1 of aerobic exercise (low-dose), and 300 min·wk-1 of aerobic exercise (high-dose) for six months. HRQoL outcomes included the Short Form (SF)-36 physical and mental component summary, Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Colorectal (FACT-C), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Fear of Cancer Recurrence Inventory (FCRI), Fatigue Symptom Inventory (FSI), and North Central Cancer Treatment Group bowel function questionnaire, assessed at baseline and post intervention...
February 1, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Sevgisun Kapucu, Hulya Deniz Bulut
Objective: The objective of this study was to examine the experiences of student nurses who have provided care to cancer patients. Methods: A mixed method approach consisting of semistructured focus groups (n = 61) and a survey questionnaire (n = 129) was used in the study. Student nurses were first interviewed, and then, a questionnaire was developed for them to answer. Following the content analysis, three themes and 19 subthemes were identified. Frequency and percent were used for qualitative data...
January 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing
Eva Rye Rasmussen, Didde Traerup Schnack, Andreas Tomaas Ravn
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the epidemiology of globus pharyngeus in adult patients presenting to the otolaryngologist's office. Also the predictors of persisting symptoms, prevalence of anxiety and the effect of clinical assessment were analyzed. DESIGN: This was a prospective cohort study. Follow-up was done using a postal questionnaire. SETTING: One otolaryngologists' office comprising three medical doctors. PARTICIPANTS: 122 consecutive globus patients presenting to one otolaryngology office in a one-year period...
January 11, 2018: Clinical Otolaryngology
Małgorzata Synowiec-Piłat
INTRODUCTION: Poland is among the countries which reported the highest rates of mortality from cancer. The health behaviours of people are influenced, among other things, by their beliefs about cancer, but their evaluation of oncological institutions and specialists seems also to be of great importance. Objectives. 1. How the respondents evaluate Polish oncology: a) the conditions of treatment in oncology hospitals, b) access to oncological medical services, c) the competence of oncologists...
December 23, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
Christine Maheu, Jacqueline Galica
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The volume of literature addressing fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) is rapidly increasing. A summary of key developments in the research and treatment of FCR was published by Sharpe et al. in 2017, and the current review focuses on works published thereafter. RECENT FINDINGS: A comprehensive literature review was conducted to provide an up-to-date summary of peer-reviewed publications focusing on FCR. The search consisted of the most recent FCR reports published between 2016 and 2017, which can be broadly categorized as: methods of assessment; associations with FCR; FCR and caregivers; and FCR interventions...
December 14, 2017: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
Dalnim Cho, Qiao Chu, Qian Lu
PURPOSE: Most existing studies on fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) are exploratory without theoretical underpinnings and have been conducted among non-Hispanic Whites. Based on theoretical models, we hypothesized that more physical symptoms (pain and fatigue) would be associated with higher FCR, which, in turn would be related to lower emotional well-being among Chinese American breast cancer survivors. METHODS: Participants were 77 Chinese American women who were diagnosed with breast cancer of stages 0-III...
December 14, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Mbathio Dieng, Nadine A Kasparian, Anne E Cust, Daniel S J Costa, Anh Tran, Phyllis N Butow, Scott W Menzies, Graham J Mann, Rachael L Morton
Importance: The diagnosis of a life-threatening disease like melanoma can affect all aspects of a person's life, including health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and psychological aspects of melanoma such as fear of cancer recurrence (FCR). Economic evaluations of psychological interventions require preference-based (utility) instruments that are sensitive to changes in well-being and HRQOL; however, very few studies have evaluated the sensitivity of these instruments when used for people with melanoma...
January 1, 2018: JAMA Dermatology
Jochen Hefner, Sara Berberich, Elena Lanvers, Maria Sanning, Ann-Kathrin Steimer, Volker Kunzmann
Background: Fear of cancer progression/recurrence (FOP/FCR) is considered one of the most prevalent sources of distress in cancer survivors and associated with lower quality of life and functional impairment. Detailed measures of FOP/FCR are needed because little is known about the knowledge of FOP/FCR, its associations with the patient-doctor relationship, and the rate of adequate therapy. Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most prevalent cancer entities, and oral capecitabine is widely prescribed as treatment...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
Allan Ben Smith, Claudia Rutherford, Phyllis Butow, Ian Olver, Tim Luckett, Peter Grimison, Guy Toner, Martin Stockler, Madeleine King
OBJECTIVE: Testicular cancer (TC) affects young men and may cause psychological distress despite a good prognosis. This systematic review evaluated the prevalence, severity, and correlates of anxiety, depression, fear of cancer recurrence (FCR), and distress in TC survivors. METHODS: A systematic search of literature published 1977 to 2017 was conducted to find quantitative studies including TC survivor-reported outcomes relevant to review objectives. The quality of included articles was assessed, and a narrative synthesis conducted...
November 23, 2017: Psycho-oncology
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