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"Fear of cancer"

Wilda D Rosmolen, Pythia T Nieuwkerk, Roos E Pouw, Mark I van Berge Henegouwen, Jacques J G H M Bergman, Mirjam A G Sprangers
Endoscopic therapy is the treatment of choice for high grade intraepithelial neoplasia (HGIN) or early cancer (≤T1sm1) in Barrett's esophagus (BE). We prospectively evaluated the effect of endoscopic treatment on quality of life (QOL) and fear of cancer (recurrence) and compared this with the effect of Barrett's surveillance or surgery. Patients treated endoscopically for early Barrett's neoplasia (n = 42, HGIN - T1sm1N0M0) were compared with three groups: patients with non-dysplastic BE undergoing surveillance (n = 44); patients treated surgically for early BE neoplasia (HGIN - T2N0M0, n = 21); patients treated surgically for advanced BE cancer (T1N1M0 - T3N1M0, n = 19)...
October 21, 2016: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
Dalnim Cho, Crystal L Park
We examined whether (a) fear of cancer recurrence was related to lower health-related quality of life and (b) perceived growth moderated the link between fear of recurrence and health-related quality of life. 292 adolescent and young adult cancer survivors (diagnosed with cancer at ages 15-34) completed a cross-sectional survey. Fear of recurrence was related to poorer physical and mental health-related quality of life. The negative association between fear of recurrence and mental health-related quality of life was moderated by perceived growth...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
J A Dumalaon-Canaria, I Prichard, A D Hutchinson, C Wilson
This study aims to examine the association between cancer causal attributions, fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) and psychological well-being and the possible moderating effect of optimism among women with a previous diagnosis of breast cancer. Participants (N = 314) completed an online self-report assessment of causal attributions for their own breast cancer, FCR, psychological well-being and optimism. Simultaneous multiple regression analyses were conducted to explore the overall contribution of causal attributions to FCR and psychological well-being separately...
October 13, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Care
Jennifer Hulme, Catherine Moravac, Farah Ahmad, Shelley Cleverly, Aisha Lofters, Ophira Ginsburg, Sheila Dunn
BACKGROUND: Breast and cervical cancer screening rates remain low among immigrant women and those of low socioeconomic status. The Cancer Awareness: Ready for Education and Screening (CARES) project ran a peer-led multi-lingual educational program between 2012 and 2014 to reach under and never-screened women in Central Toronto, where breast and cervical cancer screening rates remain low. The objective of this qualitative study was to better understand how Chinese and South Asian immigrants - the largest and most under-screened immigrant groups according to national and provincial statistics - conceive of breast and cervical cancer screening...
October 13, 2016: BMC Public Health
Afrodita Marcu, Georgia Black, Peter Vedsted, Georgios Lyratzopoulos, Katriina L Whitaker
OBJECTIVE: Advanced stage at diagnosis for breast cancer is associated with lower socio-economic status (SES). We explored what factors in the patient interval (time from noticing a bodily change to first consultation with a health care professional) may contribute to this inequality. DESIGN: Qualitative comparative study. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews with a sample of women (≥47 years) from higher (n = 15) and lower (n = 15) educational backgrounds, who had experienced at least one potential breast cancer symptom...
September 29, 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
Anne-Josée Guimond, Virginie A Croteau, Marie-Hélène Savard, Paquito Bernard, Hans Ivers, Josée Savard
BACKGROUND: Although cancer patients are generally strongly advised to quit smoking in order to improve treatment efficacy and survival, up to 68 % of patients who were smokers at the time of cancer diagnosis continue smoking. Psychological factors such as depression and anxiety are likely to be associated with smoking behavior following a cancer diagnosis, but the empirical evidence is scarce. PURPOSE: This observational study aimed at estimating smoking cessation rates and assessing the effect of smoking cessation on psychological symptoms, as well as the predictive role of the same psychological variables on smoking cessation and smoking relapse following cancer surgery...
September 26, 2016: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
Charlotte Vrinten, Lesley M McGregor, Małgorzata Heinrich, Christian von Wagner, Jo Waller, Jane Wardle, Georgia B Black
BACKGROUND: Cancer has long inspired fear, but the effect of fear is not well understood; it seems both to facilitate and to deter early diagnosis behaviours. To elucidate fear's behavioural effects, we systematically reviewed and synthesised qualitative literature to explore what people fear about cancer. METHODS: We searched Medline, Embase, PsycInfo, Web of Science, AnthroSource, and Anthrobase for studies on cancer fear in breast, cervical, and colorectal cancer screening and analysed 102 studies from 26 countries using thematic synthesis...
September 19, 2016: Psycho-oncology
Susanne Singer, Olga Husson, Iwona M Tomaszewska, Laura D Locati, Naomi Kiyota, Ulrike Scheidemann-Wesp, Dirk Hofmeister, Melanie Winterbotham, Christine Brannan, Cláudia Araújo, Eva M Gamper, Dagmara Kulis, Harald Rimmele, Guy Andry, Lisa Licitra
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study were to determine quality of life (QoL) issues that are relevant to thyroid cancer patients cross-culturally, and to identify those with highest relevance to them in addition to the more general issues covered by the core European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer QoL questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30). METHODS: A systematic literature search provided a list of potentially relevant QoL issues to supplement the core questionnaire EORTC QLQ-C30, which is widely used in research and in care and addresses QoL issues relevant to all groups of cancer patients...
October 12, 2016: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
Amy K Otto, Elana C Szczesny, Emily C Soriano, Jean-Philippe Laurenceau, Scott D Siegel
Objective: Among the most prevalent and distressing concerns endorsed by breast cancer survivors is fear of cancer recurrence (FOR), and one of the most salient facets is the worry that a recurrence of cancer could cause one's death. The primary goal of the present study was to test the effects of a brief, low-cost gratitude intervention on overall FOR and death-related FOR, positing pursuit of meaningful goals as a theoretically driven putative mediator. To replicate published tests of similar gratitude-eliciting interventions, positive affect (PA) was also considered as an outcome...
August 11, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
Ching-Rong Lin, Shu-Ching Chen, Joseph Tung-Chien Chang, Yuan-Yuan Fang, Yeur-Hur Lai
BACKGROUND: Fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) is a major concern for family caregivers (FCs) caring for patients with head and neck cancers (HNCs). PURPOSE: This study (a) investigated the FCR experience of HNC FCs, (b) compared the differences in the FCR levels of FCs while taking care of patients with different lengths of time since completing major treatments (posttreatment durations), and (c) examined the correlation between FCR and quality of life (QOL) in these FCs...
September 2016: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
Nadine A Kasparian, Shab Mireskandari, Phyllis N Butow, Mbathio Dieng, Anne E Cust, Bettina Meiser, Kristine Barlow-Stewart, Scott Menzies, Graham J Mann
PURPOSE: People with melanoma often report pervasive fears about cancer recurrence, unmet information needs, and difficulties accessing psychological care. Interventions addressing the supportive care needs of people with melanoma are rare, and needs are often overlooked. The study evaluated a newly developed, evidence-based, psycho-educational resource for people with melanoma. METHODS: The evaluation study comprised three groups: adults at high risk of new primary disease due to multiple previous melanomas or one melanoma and dysplastic nevus syndrome (DNS), adults at moderate risk due to one previous melanoma and no DNS, and health professionals involved in melanoma care...
July 27, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Sanne Jasperine van Helmondt, Marije Liesbeth van der Lee, Jolanda de Vries
BACKGROUND: One of the most prevalent long-term consequences of surviving breast cancer is fear of cancer recurrence (FCR), which is associated with higher (mental) healthcare costs and lower surveillance rates. The majority of breast cancer survivors report a need for professional help in dealing with FCR. An easy-accessible and cost-effective evidence-based psychological intervention for reducing FCR is lacking. In the current study an online self-help training to reduce FCR will be evaluated...
2016: BMC Cancer
Ditsapelo M McFarland, Sarah M Gueldner, Keitshokile D Mogobe
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to review published studies to identify and describe barriers to Papanicolaou (Pap) smear screening among women in sub-Saharan Africa. DESIGN AND METHODS: Guided by Cooper's integrative review methodology, studies published between 2006 and 2015 were identified by searching electronic databases: Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), PubMed, MEDLINE, ProQuest, and PsycINFO using specified search terms...
September 2016: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
Sharon L Manne, Shannon Myers-Virtue, David Kissane, Melissa Ozga, Deborah A Kashy, Stephen Rubin, Carolyn J Heckman, Norman Rosenblum
OBJECTIVE: Fear of cancer recurrence is an important clinical phenomenon and is associated with decrements in life domains. The study goals were to characterize patterns of global fear of recurrence (FOR) and four domains of fear (health, role, womanhood, and death worry) over time in women who were diagnosed with gynecological cancer and to identify demographic, medical, and psychological predictors of FOR. METHOD: One hundred eighteen women participating in the Usual Care arm of a randomized trial completed the Concerns about Recurrence scale as well as measures of depressive symptoms, cancer-specific distress, coping, coping efficacy, and social network responses at four time points...
July 16, 2016: Psycho-oncology
Yuan Yang, Josie Cameron, Gerry Humphris
OBJECTIVE: This review aims to provide an overview of the current knowledge available on the nature and extent of the relationship between external-beam radiotherapy (RT) and fear of cancer recurrence (FoR). METHODS: PubMED, Medline and Embase databases were searched to identify relevant studies. Systematic review procedures were followed including a quality assessment. Meta-analysis of suitable studies was conducted. RESULTS: Twenty-five eligible studies were included in the systematic review and fifteen of them were included in further meta-analysis...
July 15, 2016: Psycho-oncology
José A E Custers, Marieke F M Gielissen, Johannes H W de Wilt, Aafke Honkoop, Tineke J Smilde, Dick-Johan van Spronsen, William van der Veld, Winette T A van der Graaf, Judith B Prins
PURPOSE: In order to understand the multidimensional mechanism of fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) and to identify potential targets for interventions, it is important to empirically test the theoretical model of FCR. This study aims at assessing the validity of Lee-Jones et al.'s FCR model. METHODS: A total of 1205 breast cancer survivors were invited to participate in this study. Participants received a questionnaire booklet including questionnaires on demographics and psychosocial variables including FCR...
July 13, 2016: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
Caroline Desautels, Claudia Trudel-Fitzgerald, Sophie Ruel, Hans Ivers, Josée Savard
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested that negative beliefs about cancer may impair patients' psychological well-being, but only a few of these studies focused on specific psychological symptoms, and many were cross-sectional. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate longitudinally the relationship of cancer-related cognitions with the severity, incidence, and persistence of anxiety, fear of cancer recurrence, depression, and insomnia symptoms during an 18-month period...
July 7, 2016: Cancer Nursing
A Maghous, F Rais, S Ahid, N Benhmidou, K Bellahamou, H Loughlimi, E Marnouche, S Elmajjaoui, H Elkacemi, T Kebdani, N Benjaafar
BACKGROUND: Delay in the diagnosis of breast cancer in symptomatic women of 3 months or more is associated with advanced stage and low survival. We conducted this study to learn more about the extent and reasons behind diagnosis delay of advanced breast cancer in Moroccan women. METHODS: A group of patients with advanced breast cancer were interviewed at the National Institute of Oncology in Rabat during the period from February to December 2014. Diagnosis delay was devised into patient delay and system delay...
2016: BMC Cancer
Shaouli Shahid, Tiew-Hwa Katherine Teng, Dawn Bessarab, Samar Aoun, Siddhartha Baxi, Sandra C Thompson
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Delayed presentation of symptomatic cancer is associated with poorer survival. Aboriginal patients with cancer have higher rates of distant metastases at diagnosis compared with non-Aboriginal Australians. This paper examined factors contributing to delayed diagnosis of cancer among Aboriginal Australians from patient and service providers' perspectives. METHODS: In-depth, open-ended interviews were conducted in two stages (2006-2007 and 2011)...
2016: BMJ Open
Laura E Simonelli, Scott D Siegel, Nicole M Duffy
BACKGROUND: There is increasing recognition of the unique physical and psychosocial concerns of the growing population of cancer survivors. An emerging literature demonstrates that fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) is a problematic long-term and late effect for cancer survivors. In fact, FCR is a top concern, and this article provides a necessary synthesis of the extant research evidence and theory. METHODS: Literature searches were conducted using databases including MEDLINE and PsychINFO using specified search terms including 'fear of recurrence' and 'worry about recurrence'...
June 1, 2016: Psycho-oncology
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