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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910798/a-qualitative-study-of-women-who-experience-side-effects-from-human-papillomavirus-vaccination
#1
Tina Sørensen, Pernille Tanggaard Andersen
INTRODUCTION: In Denmark, vaccination against human papillomavirus (HPV) is offered to girls and women to prevent cervical cancer. Unfortunately, reporting of possible side effects from vaccination has increased in recent years. Therefore, the present study examine women's experiences of side effects from the HPV vaccine. METHODS: In-depth qualitative interviews were conducted with eight HPV-vaccinated Danish women, aged 25-44 years, who experienced side effects from the vaccine...
December 2016: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866144/instilling-fear-makes-good-business-sense-unwarranted-hysterectomies-in-karnataka
#2
Teena Xavier, Akhila Vasan, S Vijayakumar
This paper uses data from two fact-finding exercises in two districts of Karnataka to trace how government and private doctors alike pushed women to undergo hysterectomies. The doctors provided grossly unscientific information to poor Dalit women to instil a fear of "cancer" in their minds to wilfully mislead them to undergo hysterectomies, following which many suffered complications and died. The paper examines a review, made by two separate panels of experts, of women's medical records from private hospitals to illustrate that a large proportion of the hysterectomies performed were medically unwarranted; that private doctors were using highly suspect diagnostic criteria, based on a single ultrasound scan, to perform the hysterectomies and had not sent even a single sample for histopathology; and that the medical records were incomplete, erroneous and, in several instances, manipulated...
October 26, 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865253/perceptions-of-patients-families-physicians-and-nurses-regarding-challenges-in-cancer-disclosure-a-descriptive-qualitative-study
#3
Maryam Ehsani, Fariba Taleghani, Simin Hematti, Parvaneh Abazari
PURPOSE: The findings of numerous studies have illustrated that there is still a high proportion of cancer patients in Eastern and Middle-East countries including Iran, who are not properly informed of their disease due to the concealment atmosphere which still prevails. This descriptive qualitative study is aimed at exploring perceptions of patients, patients' family members, physicians and nurses regarding cancer disclosure challenges. METHODS: Thirty-five participants (15 patients, 6 family members, 9 physicians, and 5 nurses) were selected through purposive sampling...
December 2016: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857253/interventions-to-manage-uncertainty-and-fear-of-recurrence-in-female-breast-cancer-survivors-a-review-of-the-literature
#4
Gretchen Dawson, Lydia T Madsen, Joyce E Dains
BACKGROUND: Fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) is one of the largest unmet needs in the breast cancer survivor population. This review addresses this unmet need with the question. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this article is to better understand potential interventions to manage FCR when caring for breast cancer survivors. METHODS: Databases used were PubMed, CINAHL®, Google Scholar, EMBASE, and Scopus. Articles published in English from 2009-2014 with female breast cancer survivors and interventions that address FCR as an endpoint or outcome measure or objectively illustrate an improvement in FCR were included...
December 1, 2016: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855094/protocol-for-a-within-trial-economic-evaluation-of-a-psychoeducational-intervention-tailored-to-people-at-high-risk-of-developing-a-second-or-subsequent-melanoma
#5
M Dieng, A E Cust, N A Kasparian, P Butow, D S J Costa, S W Menzies, G J Mann, R L Morton
INTRODUCTION: Psychological support programmes are not currently funded for people with a history of melanoma. A major barrier to the implementation of effective psychological interventions in routine clinical care is a lack of cost-effectiveness data. This paper describes the planned economic evaluation alongside a randomised controlled trial of a psychoeducational intervention for people with a history of melanoma who are at high risk of developing new primary disease. METHOD AND ANALYSIS: The economic evaluation is a within-trial analysis to evaluate the incremental costs and health outcomes of a psychoeducational intervention compared to usual care from the perspective of the Australian healthcare system...
October 6, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852186/supportive-care-of-women-with-breast-cancer-key-concerns-and-practical-solutions
#6
Nicholas Zdenkowski, Stephanie Tesson, Janine Lombard, Melanie Lovell, Sandra Hayes, Prudence A Francis, Haryana M Dhillon, Frances M Boyle
Patients diagnosed with breast cancer may have supportive care needs for many years after diagnosis. High quality multidisciplinary care can help address these needs and reduce the physical and psychological effects of breast cancer and its treatment. Ovarian suppression and extended endocrine therapy benefits are associated with vasomotor, musculoskeletal, sexual and bone density-related side effects. Aromatase inhibitor musculoskeletal syndrome is a common reason for treatment discontinuation. Treatment strategies include education, exercise, simple analgesia and a change to tamoxifen or another aromatase inhibitor...
November 21, 2016: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793125/living-well-after-breast-cancer-randomized-controlled-trial-protocol-evaluating-a-telephone-delivered-weight-loss-intervention-versus-usual-care-in-women-following-treatment-for-breast-cancer
#7
Marina M Reeves, Caroline O Terranova, Jane M Erickson, Jennifer R Job, Denise S K Brookes, Nicole McCarthy, Ingrid J Hickman, Sheleigh P Lawler, Brianna S Fjeldsoe, Genevieve N Healy, Elisabeth A H Winkler, Monika Janda, J Lennert Veerman, Robert S Ware, Johannes B Prins, Theo Vos, Wendy Demark-Wahnefried, Elizabeth G Eakin
BACKGROUND: Obesity, physical inactivity and poor diet quality have been associated with increased risk of breast cancer-specific and all-cause mortality as well as treatment-related side-effects in breast cancer survivors. Weight loss intervention trials in breast cancer survivors have shown that weight loss is safe and achievable; however, few studies have examined the benefits of such interventions on a broad range of outcomes and few have examined factors important to translation (e...
October 28, 2016: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766707/quality-of-life-and-fear-of-cancer-recurrence-after-endoscopic-treatment-for-early-barrett-s-neoplasia-a-prospective-study
#8
Wilda D Rosmolen, Pythia T Nieuwkerk, Roos E Pouw, Mark I van Berge Henegouwen, Jacques J G H M Bergman, Mirjam A G Sprangers
Endoscopic therapy is the treatment of choice for high grade intraepithelial neoplasia (HGIN) or early cancer (≤T1sm1) in Barrett's esophagus (BE). We prospectively evaluated the effect of endoscopic treatment on quality of life (QOL) and fear of cancer (recurrence) and compared this with the effect of Barrett's surveillance or surgery. Patients treated endoscopically for early Barrett's neoplasia (n = 42, HGIN - T1sm1N0M0) were compared with three groups: patients with non-dysplastic BE undergoing surveillance (n = 44); patients treated surgically for early BE neoplasia (HGIN - T2N0M0, n = 21); patients treated surgically for advanced BE cancer (T1N1M0 - T3N1M0, n = 19)...
October 21, 2016: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749160/moderating-effects-of-perceived-growth-on-the-association-between-fear-of-cancer-recurrence-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-survivors
#9
Dalnim Cho, Crystal L Park
We examined whether (a) fear of cancer recurrence was related to lower health-related quality of life and (b) perceived growth moderated the link between fear of recurrence and health-related quality of life. 292 adolescent and young adult cancer survivors (diagnosed with cancer at ages 15-34) completed a cross-sectional survey. Fear of recurrence was related to poorer physical and mental health-related quality of life. The negative association between fear of recurrence and mental health-related quality of life was moderated by perceived growth...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739134/fear-of-cancer-recurrence-and-psychological-well-being-in-women-with-breast-cancer-the-role-of-causal-cancer-attributions-and-optimism
#10
J A Dumalaon-Canaria, I Prichard, A D Hutchinson, C Wilson
This study aims to examine the association between cancer causal attributions, fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) and psychological well-being and the possible moderating effect of optimism among women with a previous diagnosis of breast cancer. Participants (N = 314) completed an online self-report assessment of causal attributions for their own breast cancer, FCR, psychological well-being and optimism. Simultaneous multiple regression analyses were conducted to explore the overall contribution of causal attributions to FCR and psychological well-being separately...
October 13, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733161/-i-want-to-save-my-life-conceptions-of-cervical-and-breast-cancer-screening-among-urban-immigrant-women-of-south-asian-and-chinese-origin
#11
Jennifer Hulme, Catherine Moravac, Farah Ahmad, Shelley Cleverly, Aisha Lofters, Ophira Ginsburg, Sheila Dunn
BACKGROUND: Breast and cervical cancer screening rates remain low among immigrant women and those of low socioeconomic status. The Cancer Awareness: Ready for Education and Screening (CARES) project ran a peer-led multi-lingual educational program between 2012 and 2014 to reach under and never-screened women in Central Toronto, where breast and cervical cancer screening rates remain low. The objective of this qualitative study was to better understand how Chinese and South Asian immigrants - the largest and most under-screened immigrant groups according to national and provincial statistics - conceive of breast and cervical cancer screening...
October 13, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680898/educational-differences-in-responses-to-breast-cancer-symptoms-a-qualitative-comparative-study
#12
Afrodita Marcu, Georgia Black, Peter Vedsted, Georgios Lyratzopoulos, Katriina L Whitaker
OBJECTIVE: Advanced stage at diagnosis for breast cancer is associated with lower socio-economic status (SES). We explored what factors in the patient interval (time from noticing a bodily change to first consultation with a health care professional) may contribute to this inequality. DESIGN: Qualitative comparative study. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews with a sample of women (≥47 years) from higher (n = 15) and lower (n = 15) educational backgrounds, who had experienced at least one potential breast cancer symptom...
September 29, 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670773/predictors-of-smoking-cessation-and-relapse-in-cancer-patients-and-effect-on-psychological-variables-an-18-month-observational-study
#13
Anne-Josée Guimond, Virginie A Croteau, Marie-Hélène Savard, Paquito Bernard, Hans Ivers, Josée Savard
BACKGROUND: Although cancer patients are generally strongly advised to quit smoking in order to improve treatment efficacy and survival, up to 68 % of patients who were smokers at the time of cancer diagnosis continue smoking. Psychological factors such as depression and anxiety are likely to be associated with smoking behavior following a cancer diagnosis, but the empirical evidence is scarce. PURPOSE: This observational study aimed at estimating smoking cessation rates and assessing the effect of smoking cessation on psychological symptoms, as well as the predictive role of the same psychological variables on smoking cessation and smoking relapse following cancer surgery...
September 26, 2016: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643482/what-do-people-fear-about-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-synthesis-of-cancer-fears-in-the-general-population
#14
Charlotte Vrinten, Lesley M McGregor, Małgorzata Heinrich, Christian von Wagner, Jo Waller, Jane Wardle, Georgia B Black
BACKGROUND: Cancer has long inspired fear, but the effect of fear is not well understood; it seems both to facilitate and to deter early diagnosis behaviours. To elucidate fear's behavioural effects, we systematically reviewed and synthesised qualitative literature to explore what people fear about cancer. METHODS: We searched Medline, Embase, PsycInfo, Web of Science, AnthroSource, and Anthrobase for studies on cancer fear in breast, cervical, and colorectal cancer screening and analysed 102 studies from 26 countries using thematic synthesis...
September 19, 2016: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605136/quality-of-life-priorities-in-patients-with-thyroid-cancer-a-multinational-european-organisation-for-research-and-treatment-of-cancer-phase-i-study
#15
Susanne Singer, Olga Husson, Iwona M Tomaszewska, Laura D Locati, Naomi Kiyota, Ulrike Scheidemann-Wesp, Dirk Hofmeister, Melanie Winterbotham, Christine Brannan, Cláudia Araújo, Eva M Gamper, Dagmara Kulis, Harald Rimmele, Guy Andry, Lisa Licitra
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study were to determine quality of life (QoL) issues that are relevant to thyroid cancer patients cross-culturally, and to identify those with highest relevance to them in addition to the more general issues covered by the core European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer QoL questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30). METHODS: A systematic literature search provided a list of potentially relevant QoL issues to supplement the core questionnaire EORTC QLQ-C30, which is widely used in research and in care and addresses QoL issues relevant to all groups of cancer patients...
October 12, 2016: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27513475/effects-of-a-randomized-gratitude-intervention-on-death-related-fear-of-recurrence-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#16
Amy K Otto, Elana C Szczesny, Emily C Soriano, Jean-Philippe Laurenceau, Scott D Siegel
OBJECTIVE: Among the most prevalent and distressing concerns endorsed by breast cancer survivors is fear of cancer recurrence (FOR), and one of the most salient facets is the worry that a recurrence of cancer could cause one's death. The primary goal of the present study was to test the effects of a brief, low-cost gratitude intervention on overall FOR and death-related FOR, positing pursuit of meaningful goals as a theoretically driven putative mediator. To replicate published tests of similar gratitude-eliciting interventions, positive affect (PA) was also considered as an outcome...
December 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27509212/fear-of-cancer-recurrence-and-its-impacts-on-quality-of-life-in-family-caregivers-of-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancers
#17
Ching-Rong Lin, Shu-Ching Chen, Joseph Tung-Chien Chang, Yuan-Yuan Fang, Yeur-Hur Lai
BACKGROUND: Fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) is a major concern for family caregivers (FCs) caring for patients with head and neck cancers (HNCs). PURPOSE: This study (a) investigated the FCR experience of HNC FCs, (b) compared the differences in the FCR levels of FCs while taking care of patients with different lengths of time since completing major treatments (posttreatment durations), and (c) examined the correlation between FCR and quality of life (QOL) in these FCs...
September 2016: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27465047/-melanoma-questions-and-answers-development-and-evaluation-of-a-psycho-educational-resource-for-people-with-a-history-of-melanoma
#18
Nadine A Kasparian, Shab Mireskandari, Phyllis N Butow, Mbathio Dieng, Anne E Cust, Bettina Meiser, Kristine Barlow-Stewart, Scott Menzies, Graham J Mann
PURPOSE: People with melanoma often report pervasive fears about cancer recurrence, unmet information needs, and difficulties accessing psychological care. Interventions addressing the supportive care needs of people with melanoma are rare, and needs are often overlooked. The study evaluated a newly developed, evidence-based, psycho-educational resource for people with melanoma. METHODS: The evaluation study comprised three groups: adults at high risk of new primary disease due to multiple previous melanomas or one melanoma and dysplastic nevus syndrome (DNS), adults at moderate risk due to one previous melanoma and no DNS, and health professionals involved in melanoma care...
July 27, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27455846/study-protocol-of-the-carest-trial-a-randomised-controlled-trial-on-the-cost-effectiveness-of-a-cbt-based-online-self-help-training-for-fear-of-cancer-recurrence-in-women-with-curatively-treated-breast-cancer
#19
Sanne Jasperine van Helmondt, Marije Liesbeth van der Lee, Jolanda de Vries
BACKGROUND: One of the most prevalent long-term consequences of surviving breast cancer is fear of cancer recurrence (FCR), which is associated with higher (mental) healthcare costs and lower surveillance rates. The majority of breast cancer survivors report a need for professional help in dealing with FCR. An easy-accessible and cost-effective evidence-based psychological intervention for reducing FCR is lacking. In the current study an online self-help training to reduce FCR will be evaluated...
2016: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27434871/integrated-review-of-barriers-to-cervical-cancer-screening-in-sub-saharan-africa
#20
Ditsapelo M McFarland, Sarah M Gueldner, Keitshokile D Mogobe
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to review published studies to identify and describe barriers to Papanicolaou (Pap) smear screening among women in sub-Saharan Africa. DESIGN AND METHODS: Guided by Cooper's integrative review methodology, studies published between 2006 and 2015 were identified by searching electronic databases: Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), PubMed, MEDLINE, ProQuest, and PsycINFO using specified search terms...
September 2016: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
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