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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078223/testosterone-therapy-and-prostate-cancer
#1
REVIEW
Alexander W Pastuszak, Katherine M Rodriguez, Taylor M Nguyen, Mohit Khera
The use of exogenous testosterone to treat hypogonadism in the men with a history of prostate cancer (CaP) remains controversial due to fears of cancer recurrence or progression. Due to the detrimental impact of hypogonadism on patient quality of life, recent work has examined the safety of testosterone therapy (TTh) in men with a history of CaP. In this review, we evaluate the literature with regards to the safety of TTh in men with a history of CaP. TTh results in improvements in quality of life with little evidence of biochemical recurrence or progression in men with a history of CaP, or de novo cancer in unaffected men...
December 2016: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055119/a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-of-cognitive-bias-modification-to-reduce-fear-of-breast-cancer-recurrence
#2
Wendy G Lichtenthal, Geoffrey W Corner, Elizabeth T Slivjak, Kailey E Roberts, Yuelin Li, William Breitbart, Stephanie Lacey, Malwina Tuman, Katherine N DuHamel, Victoria S Blinder, Courtney Beard
BACKGROUND: The most common, persistent concern among survivors of breast cancer is the fear that their disease will return, yet to the authors' knowledge, few interventions targeting fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) have been developed to date. The current pilot study examined the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy of a home-delivered cognitive bias modification intervention to reduce FCR. The intervention, called Attention and Interpretation Modification for Fear of Breast Cancer Recurrence (AIM-FBCR), targeted 2 types of cognitive biases (ie, attention and interpretation biases)...
January 5, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053950/lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-prevalence-perceptions-and-healthcare-seeking-behavior-amongst-nigerian-men
#3
Rufus Wale Ojewola, Ezekiel Sofela Oridota, Olanrewaju Samuel Balogun, Ezra Olatunde Ogundare, Taiwo Opeyemi Alabi
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and the factors influencing the healthcare-seeking behavior of men with LUTS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was performed of 658 men selected using multi-staged sampling techniques. They were interviewed about LUTS and their healthcare-seeking behavior. The data were analysed using PASW Statistics ver. 18. Associations between specific factors and healthcare-seeking behavior were examined using the chi-square and Fisher exact tests...
December 2016: World Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052599/fear-of-new-or-recurrent-melanoma-after-treatment-for-localised-melanoma
#4
Katy J L Bell, Yachna Mehta, Robin M Turner, Rachael L Morton, Mbathio Dieng, Robyn Saw, Pascale Guitera, Kirsten McCaffery, Donald Low, Cynthia Low, Marisa Jenkins, Les Irwig, Angela C Webster
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the amount of fear of new or recurrent melanoma among people treated for localised melanoma in an Australian specialist centre. METHODS: We randomly selected 400 potential participants from all those treated for localised melanoma at the Melanoma Institute Australia during 2014 (n = 902). They were asked to complete an adapted version of the Fear of Cancer Recurrence Inventory (FCRI). We calculated summary statistics for demographics, clinical variables and total FCRI and subscale scores...
January 4, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998215/psychoeducational-intervention-to-reduce-fear-of-cancer-recurrence-in-people-at-high-risk-of-developing-another-primary-melanoma-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Mbathio Dieng, Phyllis N Butow, Daniel S J Costa, Rachael L Morton, Scott W Menzies, Shab Mireskandari, Stephanie Tesson, Graham J Mann, Anne E Cust, Nadine A Kasparian
Purpose People with a history of melanoma commonly report a fear of cancer recurrence (FCR), yet psychologic support is not routinely offered as part of ongoing melanoma care. This randomized controlled trial examined the efficacy of a psychoeducational intervention to reduce FCR and improve psychologic adjustment in this patient group compared with usual care. Methods The intervention comprised a newly developed psychoeducational resource and three telephone-based psychotherapeutic sessions over a 1-month period timed in accordance with dermatologic appointments...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992680/exploring-characteristics-predictors-and-consequences-of-fear-of-cancer-recurrence-among-asian-american-breast-cancer-survivors
#6
Kimlin Tam Ashing, Dalnim Cho, Lily Lai, Sophia Yeung, Lucy Young, Christina Yeon, Yuman Fong
OBJECTIVE: To address the fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) research gap, we used prospective data to explore FCR predictors and FCR associations with health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among Asian American breast cancer survivors (BCS). METHODS: A total of 208 diverse Asian American BCS completed T1 survey and 137 completed T2 survey after 1-year. RESULTS: FCR scores (range = 0-4) were 2.01 at T1 and 1.99 at T2 reflecting low-to-moderate FCR...
December 19, 2016: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981151/a-review-on-cost-effectiveness-and-cost-utility-of-psychosocial-care-in-cancer-patients
#7
REVIEW
Femke Jansen, Valesca van Zwieten, Veerle M H Coupé, C René Leemans, Irma M Verdonck-de Leeuw
Several psychosocial care interventions have been found effective in improving psychosocial outcomes in cancer patients. At present, there is increasingly being asked for information on the value for money of this type of intervention. This review therefore evaluates current evidence from studies investigating cost-effectiveness or cost-utility of psychosocial care in cancer patients. A systematic search was conducted in PubMed and Web of Science yielding 539 unique records, of which 11 studies were included in the study...
April 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924358/fear-of-cancer-recurrence-and-physical-well-being-among-chinese-cancer-survivors-the-role-of-conscientiousness-positive-reappraisal-and-hopelessness
#8
Kelly Yu-Hsin Liao, Nelson C Y Yeung, Celia C Y Wong, Krystal Warmoth, Qian Lu
PURPOSE: The degree to which conscientiousness contributes to well-being in Chinese cancer survivors and the mechanisms through which conscientiousness is associated with well-being remain unclear. Based on Lent's restorative well-being model [1], the current study tested a mediation model of the contribution of conscientiousness, positive reappraisal, and hopelessness to fear of cancer recurrence (FCR), and physical well-being in a sample of 238 Chinese cancer survivors. METHOD: Participants completed self-report questionnaires...
December 6, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910798/a-qualitative-study-of-women-who-experience-side-effects-from-human-papillomavirus-vaccination
#9
Tina Sørensen, Pernille Tanggaard Andersen
INTRODUCTION: In Denmark, vaccination against human papillomavirus (HPV) is offered to girls and women to prevent cervical cancer. Unfortunately, reporting of possible side effects from vaccination has increased in recent years. Therefore, the present study examine women's experiences of side effects from the HPV vaccine. METHODS: In-depth qualitative interviews were conducted with eight HPV-vaccinated Danish women, aged 25-44 years, who experienced side effects from the vaccine...
December 2016: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866144/instilling-fear-makes-good-business-sense-unwarranted-hysterectomies-in-karnataka
#10
Teena Xavier, Akhila Vasan, S Vijayakumar
This paper uses data from two fact-finding exercises in two districts of Karnataka to trace how government and private doctors alike pushed women to undergo hysterectomies. The doctors provided grossly unscientific information to poor Dalit women to instil a fear of "cancer" in their minds to wilfully mislead them to undergo hysterectomies, following which many suffered complications and died. The paper examines a review, made by two separate panels of experts, of women's medical records from private hospitals to illustrate that a large proportion of the hysterectomies performed were medically unwarranted; that private doctors were using highly suspect diagnostic criteria, based on a single ultrasound scan, to perform the hysterectomies and had not sent even a single sample for histopathology; and that the medical records were incomplete, erroneous and, in several instances, manipulated...
October 26, 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865253/perceptions-of-patients-families-physicians-and-nurses-regarding-challenges-in-cancer-disclosure-a-descriptive-qualitative-study
#11
Maryam Ehsani, Fariba Taleghani, Simin Hematti, Parvaneh Abazari
PURPOSE: The findings of numerous studies have illustrated that there is still a high proportion of cancer patients in Eastern and Middle-East countries including Iran, who are not properly informed of their disease due to the concealment atmosphere which still prevails. This descriptive qualitative study is aimed at exploring perceptions of patients, patients' family members, physicians and nurses regarding cancer disclosure challenges. METHODS: Thirty-five participants (15 patients, 6 family members, 9 physicians, and 5 nurses) were selected through purposive sampling...
December 2016: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857253/interventions-to-manage-uncertainty-and-fear-of-recurrence-in-female-breast-cancer-survivors-a-review-of-the-literature
#12
Gretchen Dawson, Lydia T Madsen, Joyce E Dains
BACKGROUND: Fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) is one of the largest unmet needs in the breast cancer survivor population. This review addresses this unmet need with the question. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this article is to better understand potential interventions to manage FCR when caring for breast cancer survivors. METHODS: Databases used were PubMed, CINAHL®, Google Scholar, EMBASE, and Scopus. Articles published in English from 2009-2014 with female breast cancer survivors and interventions that address FCR as an endpoint or outcome measure or objectively illustrate an improvement in FCR were included...
December 1, 2016: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855094/protocol-for-a-within-trial-economic-evaluation-of-a-psychoeducational-intervention-tailored-to-people-at-high-risk-of-developing-a-second-or-subsequent-melanoma
#13
M Dieng, A E Cust, N A Kasparian, P Butow, D S J Costa, S W Menzies, G J Mann, R L Morton
INTRODUCTION: Psychological support programmes are not currently funded for people with a history of melanoma. A major barrier to the implementation of effective psychological interventions in routine clinical care is a lack of cost-effectiveness data. This paper describes the planned economic evaluation alongside a randomised controlled trial of a psychoeducational intervention for people with a history of melanoma who are at high risk of developing new primary disease. METHOD AND ANALYSIS: The economic evaluation is a within-trial analysis to evaluate the incremental costs and health outcomes of a psychoeducational intervention compared to usual care from the perspective of the Australian healthcare system...
October 6, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852186/supportive-care-of-women-with-breast-cancer-key-concerns-and-practical-solutions
#14
Nicholas Zdenkowski, Stephanie Tesson, Janine Lombard, Melanie Lovell, Sandra Hayes, Prudence A Francis, Haryana M Dhillon, Frances M Boyle
Patients diagnosed with breast cancer may have supportive care needs for many years after diagnosis. High quality multidisciplinary care can help address these needs and reduce the physical and psychological effects of breast cancer and its treatment. Ovarian suppression and extended endocrine therapy benefits are associated with vasomotor, musculoskeletal, sexual and bone density-related side effects. Aromatase inhibitor musculoskeletal syndrome is a common reason for treatment discontinuation. Treatment strategies include education, exercise, simple analgesia and a change to tamoxifen or another aromatase inhibitor...
November 21, 2016: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793125/living-well-after-breast-cancer-randomized-controlled-trial-protocol-evaluating-a-telephone-delivered-weight-loss-intervention-versus-usual-care-in-women-following-treatment-for-breast-cancer
#15
Marina M Reeves, Caroline O Terranova, Jane M Erickson, Jennifer R Job, Denise S K Brookes, Nicole McCarthy, Ingrid J Hickman, Sheleigh P Lawler, Brianna S Fjeldsoe, Genevieve N Healy, Elisabeth A H Winkler, Monika Janda, J Lennert Veerman, Robert S Ware, Johannes B Prins, Theo Vos, Wendy Demark-Wahnefried, Elizabeth G Eakin
BACKGROUND: Obesity, physical inactivity and poor diet quality have been associated with increased risk of breast cancer-specific and all-cause mortality as well as treatment-related side-effects in breast cancer survivors. Weight loss intervention trials in breast cancer survivors have shown that weight loss is safe and achievable; however, few studies have examined the benefits of such interventions on a broad range of outcomes and few have examined factors important to translation (e...
October 28, 2016: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766707/quality-of-life-and-fear-of-cancer-recurrence-after-endoscopic-treatment-for-early-barrett-s-neoplasia-a-prospective-study
#16
Wilda D Rosmolen, Pythia T Nieuwkerk, Roos E Pouw, Mark I van Berge Henegouwen, Jacques J G H M Bergman, Mirjam A G Sprangers
Endoscopic therapy is the treatment of choice for high grade intraepithelial neoplasia (HGIN) or early cancer (≤T1sm1) in Barrett's esophagus (BE). We prospectively evaluated the effect of endoscopic treatment on quality of life (QOL) and fear of cancer (recurrence) and compared this with the effect of Barrett's surveillance or surgery. Patients treated endoscopically for early Barrett's neoplasia (n = 42, HGIN - T1sm1N0M0) were compared with three groups: patients with non-dysplastic BE undergoing surveillance (n = 44); patients treated surgically for early BE neoplasia (HGIN - T2N0M0, n = 21); patients treated surgically for advanced BE cancer (T1N1M0 - T3N1M0, n = 19)...
October 21, 2016: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749160/moderating-effects-of-perceived-growth-on-the-association-between-fear-of-cancer-recurrence-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-survivors
#17
Dalnim Cho, Crystal L Park
We examined whether (a) fear of cancer recurrence was related to lower health-related quality of life and (b) perceived growth moderated the link between fear of recurrence and health-related quality of life. 292 adolescent and young adult cancer survivors (diagnosed with cancer at ages 15-34) completed a cross-sectional survey. Fear of recurrence was related to poorer physical and mental health-related quality of life. The negative association between fear of recurrence and mental health-related quality of life was moderated by perceived growth...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739134/fear-of-cancer-recurrence-and-psychological-well-being-in-women-with-breast-cancer-the-role-of-causal-cancer-attributions-and-optimism
#18
J A Dumalaon-Canaria, I Prichard, A D Hutchinson, C Wilson
This study aims to examine the association between cancer causal attributions, fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) and psychological well-being and the possible moderating effect of optimism among women with a previous diagnosis of breast cancer. Participants (N = 314) completed an online self-report assessment of causal attributions for their own breast cancer, FCR, psychological well-being and optimism. Simultaneous multiple regression analyses were conducted to explore the overall contribution of causal attributions to FCR and psychological well-being separately...
October 13, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733161/-i-want-to-save-my-life-conceptions-of-cervical-and-breast-cancer-screening-among-urban-immigrant-women-of-south-asian-and-chinese-origin
#19
Jennifer Hulme, Catherine Moravac, Farah Ahmad, Shelley Cleverly, Aisha Lofters, Ophira Ginsburg, Sheila Dunn
BACKGROUND: Breast and cervical cancer screening rates remain low among immigrant women and those of low socioeconomic status. The Cancer Awareness: Ready for Education and Screening (CARES) project ran a peer-led multi-lingual educational program between 2012 and 2014 to reach under and never-screened women in Central Toronto, where breast and cervical cancer screening rates remain low. The objective of this qualitative study was to better understand how Chinese and South Asian immigrants - the largest and most under-screened immigrant groups according to national and provincial statistics - conceive of breast and cervical cancer screening...
October 13, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680898/educational-differences-in-responses-to-breast-cancer-symptoms-a-qualitative-comparative-study
#20
Afrodita Marcu, Georgia Black, Peter Vedsted, Georgios Lyratzopoulos, Katriina L Whitaker
OBJECTIVE: Advanced stage at diagnosis for breast cancer is associated with lower socio-economic status (SES). We explored what factors in the patient interval (time from noticing a bodily change to first consultation with a health care professional) may contribute to this inequality. DESIGN: Qualitative comparative study. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews with a sample of women (≥47 years) from higher (n = 15) and lower (n = 15) educational backgrounds, who had experienced at least one potential breast cancer symptom...
February 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
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