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Fear of cancer

Dalnim Cho, Crystal L Park
We examined whether (a) fear of cancer recurrence was related to lower health-related quality of life and (b) perceived growth moderated the link between fear of recurrence and health-related quality of life. 292 adolescent and young adult cancer survivors (diagnosed with cancer at ages 15-34) completed a cross-sectional survey. Fear of recurrence was related to poorer physical and mental health-related quality of life. The negative association between fear of recurrence and mental health-related quality of life was moderated by perceived growth...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
Jessica Gall Myrick
Celebrity cancer deaths can focus public attention on the disease like few events can. However, not all celebrities or their families are open about the exact cause of death. Anecdotal reports suggest that some do not reveal the exact cause of death due to fears of stigma associated with the specific type of cancer. However, empirical evidence regarding whether or how the cause of death actually impacts public perceptions and behaviors is lacking. A three (cause of death: nonspecified cancer, liver cancer, or lung cancer) by two (celebrity obituary: David Bowie or Alan Rickman) fully factorial between-subjects online experiment (N = 390) tested a proposed model of effects on identification, discrete emotional reactions, stigma-related perceptions, and behavioral intentions...
October 14, 2016: Health Communication
J A Dumalaon-Canaria, I Prichard, A D Hutchinson, C Wilson
This study aims to examine the association between cancer causal attributions, fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) and psychological well-being and the possible moderating effect of optimism among women with a previous diagnosis of breast cancer. Participants (N = 314) completed an online self-report assessment of causal attributions for their own breast cancer, FCR, psychological well-being and optimism. Simultaneous multiple regression analyses were conducted to explore the overall contribution of causal attributions to FCR and psychological well-being separately...
October 13, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Care
Myong Kim, Bumsik Hong, Hyung Keun Park
PURPOSE: To evaluate the long-term clinical efficacy and safety of double-layered polytetrafluoroethylene membrane-covered self-expandable segmental metallic stents (Uventa) in patients with chronic ureteral obstruction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a retrospective study, a total of 50 ureter units (44 patients) with chronic obstructions were included from July 2010 to May 2015. Indications for Uventa placement were primary stenting for malignant ureteral obstruction, failed conventional polymeric Double-J stent (PS) or percutaneous nephrostomy (PCN) technique, with comorbidities or fears limiting PS/PCN changes, or with irritation or pain due to PS/PCN...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Endourology
Chana Wiesman, Esther Rose, Allison Grant, Adam Zimilover, Susan Klugman, Nicole Schreiber-Agus
PURPOSE: The notion of offering population-based screening to the Ashkenazi Jewish (AJ) population for the BRCA1/2 founder mutations continues to gain support. A program called the BRCAcommunity initiative was designed to identify the benefits and barriers associated with implementing this screening in a clinical setting. METHODS: Interested AJ individuals were stratified into high-risk (HR) and low-risk (LR) groups based on self-reported cancer histories. Those at HR were offered traditional genetic counseling/testing; those at LR were offered group genetic counseling and subsidized AJ BRCA founder mutation testing...
October 13, 2016: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
Jennifer Hulme, Catherine Moravac, Farah Ahmad, Shelley Cleverly, Aisha Lofters, Ophira Ginsburg, Sheila Dunn
BACKGROUND: Breast and cervical cancer screening rates remain low among immigrant women and those of low socioeconomic status. The Cancer Awareness: Ready for Education and Screening (CARES) project ran a peer-led multi-lingual educational program between 2012 and 2014 to reach under and never-screened women in Central Toronto, where breast and cervical cancer screening rates remain low. The objective of this qualitative study was to better understand how Chinese and South Asian immigrants - the largest and most under-screened immigrant groups according to national and provincial statistics - conceive of breast and cervical cancer screening...
October 13, 2016: BMC Public Health
Grace McCutchan, Fiona Wood, Stephanie Smits, Adrian Edwards, Kate Brain
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic inequalities in cancer survival can in part be explained by long patient intervals among people from deprived groups; however, the reasons for this are unclear. This qualitative study explores the actual and anticipated barriers to cancer symptom presentation in the context of socioeconomic deprivation. METHODS: Thirty participants were recruited through the International Cancer Benchmarking Partnership Welsh database (n = 20), snowball sampling (n = 8) and community partners (n = 2)...
October 5, 2016: BMC Public Health
Richard R Reich, Cecile A Lengacher, Carissa B Alinat, Kevin E Kip, Carly Paterson, Sophia Ramesar, Heather S Han, Roohi Ismail-Khan, Versie Johnson-Mallard, Manolete Moscoso, Pinky Budhrani-Shani, Steve Shivers, Charles E Cox, Matthew Goodman, Jong Park
CONTEXT: Breast cancer survivors (BCS) face adverse physical and psychological symptoms, often co-occurring. Biological and psychological factors may link symptoms within clusters, distinguishable by prevalence and/or severity. Few studies have examined the effects of behavioral interventions or treatment of symptom clusters. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify symptom clusters among post-treatment BCS and determine symptom cluster improvement following the Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction for Breast Cancer (MBSR(BC)) program...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
Isabelle Merckaert, Florence Lewis, France Delevallez, Sophie Herman, Marie Caillier, Nicole Delvaux, Yves Libert, Aurore Liénard, Jean-Marie Nogaret, David Ogez, Pierre Scalliet, Jean-Louis Slachmuylder, Paul Van Houtte, Darius Razavi
OBJECTIVE: To compare in a multicenter randomized controlled trial the benefits in terms of anxiety regulation of a 15-session single-component group intervention (SGI) based on support with those of a 15-session multi-component structured manualized group intervention (MGI) combining support with cognitive-behavioral and hypnosis components. METHODS: Patients with non-metastatic breast cancer were randomly assigned at the beginning of the survivorship period to the SGI (n = 83) or MGI (n = 87)...
October 8, 2016: Psycho-oncology
Adam C Millar, Dean S Elterman, Larry Goldenberg, Brandon Van Asseldonk, Ashley Curtis, Keith Jarvi
INTRODUCTION: Attitudes regarding the safety of testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) in hypogonadal men with prostate cancer (PCa) have changed over the past few years with the emergence of case studies suggesting a low risk of cancer progression and a better understanding of the interaction of different levels of androgen with prostate cellular metabolism. This new view has the potential to change clinical practice. METHODS: Active members of the Canadian Urological Association were surveyed about their opinions on the safety of TRT in men with low-risk PCa, as well as their current prescribing habits...
May 2016: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
Robert Gerlai, Tanya L Poshusta, Mindy Rampersad, Yohaan Fernandes, Tammy M Greenwood, Margot A Cousin, Eric W Klee, Karl J Clark
The zebrafish enjoys several advantages over other model organisms. It is small, easy to maintain, prolific, and numerous genetic tools are available for it. For example, forward genetic screens have allowed investigators to identify important genes potentially involved in a variety of functions from embryogenesis to cancer. However, despite its sophisticated behavioral repertoire, behavioral methods have rarely been utilized in forward genetic screens. Here, we employ a two-tiered strategy, a proof of concept study, to explore the feasibility of behavioral screens...
October 5, 2016: Behavior Genetics
Andrea Farkas Patenaude, Katherine A Schneider
The defining difference between genetic and traditional medicine is that genetic findings have implications not just for the patient, but also for their relatives. Discussion of a test result between parent and child is both a transformative and a translational moment in the life of a family. Parents report wanting help in talking to their children. The challenge for genetic counselors and other providers is to be able to recognize which issues are at the core of parental distress and be able to offer recommendations to empower and support parents...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Genetic Counseling
Rachael Chang, Nick Murray
Anthracycline extravasation is a feared complication of intravenous (i.v.) chemotherapy due to the tissue toxicity of this group of drugs. We describe a 54-year-old woman with history of stage IIIa breast cancer, receiving adjuvant chemotherapy consisting of doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide. The chemotherapy was administered through a Poweport(®) device, the position of which was confirmed with fluoroscopy and function confirmed by flushing the line. Urgent intervention was required as patient was symptomatic and experienced severe right-sided pleuritic chest pain...
October 2016: Oxford Medical Case Reports
E L Moss, S Taneja, F Munir, C Kent, L Robinson, N Potdar, P Sarhanis, H McDermott
The ever-improving prognosis of women diagnosed with cervical cancer has meant that survivorship and treatment-related sequelae are being brought more into the spotlight in an attempt to try to reduce morbidity and improve women's long-term health. However, there are many issues surrounding an iatrogenic menopause in cervical cancer, a variety of potential management options and barriers to treatment. Women who have become menopausal under the age of 45 years as a result of cervical cancer are significantly less likely to start hormone replacement therapy (HRT) or continue it long term as compared with those who have undergone a surgical menopause for a benign reason...
September 24, 2016: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
Afrodita Marcu, Georgia Black, Peter Vedsted, Georgios Lyratzopoulos, Katriina L Whitaker
OBJECTIVE: Advanced stage at diagnosis for breast cancer is associated with lower socio-economic status (SES). We explored what factors in the patient interval (time from noticing a bodily change to first consultation with a health care professional) may contribute to this inequality. DESIGN: Qualitative comparative study. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews with a sample of women (≥47 years) from higher (n = 15) and lower (n = 15) educational backgrounds, who had experienced at least one potential breast cancer symptom...
September 29, 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
Kyeung Mi Oh, Karen L Taylor, Kathryn H Jacobsen
Cancer is the leading cause of death for Korean Americans (KAs). Breast cancer (BC) is the most commonly occurring cancer among KA women, and its rate has been rapidly increasing. Low BC screening rates for KAs puts them at greater risk for late-stage breast cancer. We conducted a systematic review of the published literature on cancer screening among KAs, and identified 38 eligible studies. Despite significant increases in mammogram utilization over the past two decades, KAs have consistently lower rates of mammogram screening than other American populations...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Community Health
Alban Fouasson-Chailloux, Benoit Metayer, Pierre Menu, Lydie Khatchatourian, Joelle Glemarec, Marc Dauty
OBJECTIVE: The loosening of total joint replacement is a frequent complication after total hip arthroplasty (THA). Septic osteolysis should always be feared. We report here a rare case of hip arthroplasty infection due to Mycobacterium bovis after Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) therapy in a context of bladder cancer. OBSERVATIONS: A 70-year-old man was referred to the department of rheumatology in September 2015, because of a total functional disability of the left lower limb...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Anne-Josée Guimond, Virginie A Croteau, Marie-Hélène Savard, Paquito Bernard, Hans Ivers, Josée Savard
BACKGROUND: Although cancer patients are generally strongly advised to quit smoking in order to improve treatment efficacy and survival, up to 68 % of patients who were smokers at the time of cancer diagnosis continue smoking. Psychological factors such as depression and anxiety are likely to be associated with smoking behavior following a cancer diagnosis, but the empirical evidence is scarce. PURPOSE: This observational study aimed at estimating smoking cessation rates and assessing the effect of smoking cessation on psychological symptoms, as well as the predictive role of the same psychological variables on smoking cessation and smoking relapse following cancer surgery...
September 26, 2016: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
Theresa H Brunner, Kristyn DiFortuna Kristyn DiFortuna, Michael LeTang Michael LeTang, Jane Murphy, Kara Stemplewicz, Magda Kovacs Magda Kovacs, Antonio P P DeRosa, Donna S Gibson, Pamela K Ginex
For patients with head and neck cancer, altered communication is a frequently occurring and highly upsetting issue that has been associated with psychological distress, fear, and anger among those with temporary or permanent speech impairment postsurgery. Many postoperative patients express that the most terrifying situation is to wake up from surgery and not be able to speak. Mobile devices have become part of everyday life, and augmentative and alternative communication mobile applications have the potential to enhance the healthcare journey of the patient and provider...
October 1, 2016: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
Feng Mao, Liang Zhang, Hengle Gu, Hui Zhang, Changxing Lv, Yang Shen-Tu
BACKGROUND: With the extensively application of HRCT (high resolution CT) and the popularization of early lung cancer screening, the proportion of small nodullar lung cancer to be operated increases rapidly. Identifying the focus lesions quickly and accurately in operation has shown to be a challenge. We carried out this research trying to make use of and evaluate a new method that localizaes and extracts small peripheral pulmonary nodules by way of simulating radiaotherapy combining methylene blue staining...
September 20, 2016: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
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