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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801389/the-role-of-rehabilitation-measures-in-reintegration-of-children-with-brain-tumours-or-leukaemia-and-their-families-after-completion-of-cancer-treatment-a-study-protocol
#1
Mona Leandra Peikert, Laura Inhestern, Corinna Bergelt
INTRODUCTION: For ill children as well as for their parents and siblings, childhood cancer poses a major challenge. Little is known about the reintegration into daily life of childhood cancer survivors and their families. The aim of this prospective observational study is to further the understanding of the role of rehabilitation measures in the reintegration process of childhood leukaemia or brain tumour survivors and their family members after the end of cancer treatment. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This prospective observational study consists of three study arms: a quantitative study in cooperation with three German paediatric oncological study registries (study arm 1), a quantitative study in cooperation with a rehabilitation clinic that offers a family-oriented paediatric oncological rehabilitation programme (study arm 2) and a qualitative study at 12-month follow-up including families from the study arms 1 and 2 (study arm 3)...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798272/perspectives-of-screening-eligible-women-and-male-partners-on-benefits-of-and-barriers-to-treatment-for-precancerous-lesions-and-cervical-cancer-in-kenya
#2
Kathleen R Ragan, Natasha Buchanan Lunsford, Judith Lee Smith, Mona Saraiya, Millicent Aketch
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is the leading cause of female cancer mortality in Kenya. Kenya's National Cervical Cancer Prevention Program Strategic Plan outlines efforts to reduce the burden; however, treatment services remain limited. This study identified male and female perspectives regarding benefits, facilitators, and barriers to treatment for precancerous lesions and cervical cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten focus groups were conducted in Nairobi and Nyanza in 2014 with females aged 25-49 years (n = 60) and male partners (n = 40)...
August 10, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795916/beliefs-perceptions-and-health-seeking-behaviours-in-relation-to-cervical-cancer-a-qualitative-study-among-women-in-uganda-following-completion-of-an-hpv-vaccination-campaign
#3
Olivia Topister Hasahya, Vanja Berggren, Douglas Sematimba, Rose Chalo Nabirye, Edward Kumakech
Background Cervical cancer remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in Uganda. Despite earlier information campaigns to introduce human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccination, which also targeted cervical cancer, misinterpretation and misunderstanding of the subject remain high. Women in Uganda present with cervical cancer at an advanced stage due to poor health-seeking behaviours, with an associated high mortality rate. This project explored beliefs, attitudes, perceptions, and health-seeking behaviours in relation to cervical cancer among women in Uganda after an HPV vaccination project had been rolled out...
December 2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790868/contraception-concerns-utilization-and-counseling-needs-of-women-with-a-history-of-breast-cancer-a-qualitative-study
#4
Sheila K Mody, Danielle M Panelli, Avanthi Hulugalle, H Irene Su, Jessica R Gorman
INTRODUCTION: Reproductive-aged women who have had breast cancer face unique challenges when it comes to making decisions about contraception. Clinical guidelines indicate that patients should avoid pregnancy during cancer treatment, however the extent of contraception counseling and utilization after diagnosis has not been well studied. METHODS: We conducted three focus groups and one semi-structured interview with women between the ages of 18 and 50 years old diagnosed with breast cancer within the last 5 years...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782080/awareness-of-stomach-and-colorectal-cancer-risk-factors-symptoms-and-time-taken-to-seek-medical-help-among-public-attending-primary-care-setting-in-muscat-governorate-oman
#5
Mohammed Al-Azri, Jamila Al-Kindi, Thuraiya Al-Harthi, Manal Al-Dahri, Sathiya Murthi Panchatcharam, Abdullah Al-Maniri
Colorectal and stomach cancers are the top ranking cancers in Oman. Most of the patients are diagnosed at advanced disease stages. The aim of this study is to explore the knowledge of risk factors, symptoms and the time needed to seek medical care for stomach cancer and colorectal cancer (CRC) among Omani participants attending 28 local health centres (LHCs) in the governorate of Muscat, the capital city of Oman. The Bowel Cancer/CRC Awareness Measure (CAM) questionnaire (translated into Arabic) was used to collect data from Omani adult participants (aged 18 years and above) who attended the LHCs during the study period...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768681/death-talk-and-relief-of-death-related-distress-in-patients-with-advanced-cancer
#6
Ekaterina An, Erica Wennberg, Rinat Nissim, Christopher Lo, Sarah Hales, Gary Rodin
OBJECTIVES: The circumstances of advanced cancer heighten the need for affected individuals to communicate mortality-related concerns, although there may be obstacles to such communication. Managing Cancer and Living Meaningfully(CALM) is a supportive-expressive therapy designed to address such barriers and to facilitate communication of mortality-related concerns in patients and caregivers facing advanced disease. This study explores death-related distress in patients with advanced cancer and the perceived influence of CALM therapy on overcoming barriers to communication of this distress...
August 2, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768678/a-concept-map-of-death-related-anxieties-in-patients-with-advanced-cancer
#7
Sigrun Vehling, Carmine Malfitano, Joanna Shnall, Sarah Watt, Tania Panday, Aubrey Chiu, Anne Rydall, Camilla Zimmermann, Sarah Hales, Gary Rodin, Christopher Lo
OBJECTIVES: Fear of death and dying is common in patients with advanced cancer, but can be difficult to address in clinical conversations. We aimed to show that the experience of death anxiety may be deconstructed into a network of specific concerns and to provide a map of their interconnections to aid clinical exploration. METHODS: We studied a sample of 382 patients with advanced cancer recruited from outpatient clinics at the Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, Toronto, Canada...
August 2, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768506/a-qualitative-exploration-of-cervical-and-breast-cancer-stigma-in-karnataka-india
#8
Laura Nyblade, Melissa Stockton, Sandra Travasso, Suneeta Krishnan
BACKGROUND: Breast and cervical cancer are two of the most common cancers among women worldwide and were the two leading causes of cancer related death for women in India in 2013. While it is recognized that psychosocial and cultural factors influence access to education, prevention, screening and treatment, the role of stigma related to these two cancers has received limited attention. METHODS: Two qualitative exploratory studies. One focusing on cervical cancer, the other on breast cancer, were conducted in Karnataka, India using in-depth interviews and focus group discussions...
August 2, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763259/strategies-for-introducing-outpatient-specialty-palliative-care-in-gynecologic-oncology
#9
Casey M Hay, Carolyn Lefkowits, Megan Crowley-Matoka, Marie A Bakitas, Leslie H Clark, Linda R Duska, Renata R Urban, Stephanie L Creasy, Yael Schenker
PURPOSE: Concern that patients will react negatively to the idea of palliative care is cited as a barrier to timely referral. Strategies to successfully introduce specialty palliative care to patients have not been well described. We sought to understand how gynecologic oncologists introduce outpatient specialty palliative care. METHODS: We conducted a national qualitative interview study at six geographically diverse academic cancer centers with well-established palliative care clinics between September 2015 and March 2016...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761740/patient-reported-tolerability-of-adverse-events-in-phase-1-trials
#10
Clémence Henon, Delphine Lissa, Xavier Paoletti, Constance Thibault, Christophe Le Tourneau, Emilie Lanoy, Antoine Hollebecque, Christophe Massard, Jean-Charles Soria, Sophie Postel-Vinay
BACKGROUND: Phase I experts recommend revisiting dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) definition to include chronic and cumulative toxicities induced by new molecularly targeted therapies. Patient's assessment of late toxicities' tolerability is, however, unknown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective survey on adverse events (AEs) tolerability on 23 National Cancer InstituteCommon Terminology Criteria for Adverse Event, Version 4 (NCI-CTCAE.v4) items was conducted at Gustave Roussy's Phase I department...
2017: ESMO Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760083/understanding-ageing-fear-of-chronic-diseases-later-in-life
#11
Halimah Awang, Norma Mansor, Tey Nai Peng, Nik Ainoon Nik Osman
Objectives Ageing is often associated with deteriorating mental and physical health and the need for long-term care, creating a fear of ageing. We investigated what people fear most in terms of disabling chronic diseases and their concerns regarding having long-term illnesses. Methods Data were obtained from an online survey of 518 respondents aged 40 years and older residing in Malaysia, which was based on a convenience sample collected in May 2015 to January 2016. Data were analyzed using chi-squared tests and multinomial logistic regression...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758378/fear-of-cancer-recurrence-and-its-predictors-among-cervical-cancer-survivors
#12
Jitti Hanprasertpong, Alan Geater, Ingporn Jiamset, Laaong Padungkul, Phongchawee Hirunkajonpan, Nartya Songhong
OBJECTIVE: To identify the characteristics of fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) in cervical cancer survivors (CCSs) and investigate the relationship of FCR with demographic and medical characteristics, level of quality of life (QOL), and psychological distress. We also aimed to determine the predictors of FCR. METHODS: The short version of the Fear of Progression Questionnaire (FoP-Q-SF), the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Cervical (FACT-Cx) questionnaire were administered to 699 CCSs who had complete treatment at Songklanagarind Hospital between 2006 and 2016...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757302/-i-ve-just-never-gotten-around-to-doing-it-men-s-approaches-to-managing-brca-related-cancer-risks
#13
Emily A Rauscher, Marleah Dean
OBJECTIVE: To examine men's approaches to managing BRCA-related cancer risks. METHODS: 25 Qualitative interviews were conducted with men who are at risk for BRCA-related cancers. Thematic analysis was conducted using the constant comparison. RESULTS: Qualitative analysis revealed two different approaches for how men managed their BRCA-related cancer risks. Men were engaged when: (1) initially seeking information, (2) uptake of genetic testing, and (3) population screening procedures...
July 23, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755462/exploring-the-screening-capacity-of-the-fear-of-cancer-recurrence-inventory-short-form-for-clinical-levels-of-fear-of-cancer-recurrence
#14
Joanna E Fardell, Georden Jones, Allan Ben Smith, Sophie Lebel, Belinda Thewes, Daniel Costa, Kerry Tiller, Sébastien Simard, Andrea Feldstain, Sara Beattie, Megan McCallum, Phyllis Butow
OBJECTIVE: Fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) is a common concern among cancer survivors. Identifying survivors with clinically significant FCR requires validated screening measures and clinical cut-offs. We evaluated the Fear of Cancer Recurrence Inventory-Short Form (FCRI-SF) clinical cut-off in two samples. METHODS: Level of FCR in study 1 participants (from an Australian randomised controlled trial: ConquerFear) was compared to FCRI-SF scores. Based on a biopsychosocial interview, clinicians rated participants as having non-clinical, sub-clinical, or clinical FCR...
July 28, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753807/diagnostic-needle-biopsies-in-renal-masses-patient-and-physician-perspectives
#15
Shay Golan, Paz Lotan, Shlomi Tapiero, Jack Baniel, Andrei Nadu, Ofer Yossepowitch
BACKGROUND: The utility of renal mass biopsies (RMB) in the diagnosis of kidney tumors remains debatable. OBJECTIVE: To assess patient and urologist preferences regarding the utilization of RMB. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Seventy-three patients diagnosed with renal tumors and 59 board-certified urologists were asked to participate in an interview-based study. OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS AND STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Using the standard gamble method we determined the minimal accepted accuracy at which RMB would be favored as part of the diagnostic process...
November 23, 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752237/-making-my-own-decisions-sometimes-a-pilot-study-of-young-adult-cancer-survivors-perspectives-on-medical-decision-making
#16
L Aubree Shay, Susanne Schmidt, Stephanie D Cornell, Helen M Parsons
This study aimed to provide a better understanding of the medical decision-making preferences and experiences of young adult survivors of pediatric, adolescent, and young adult cancers. We conducted key informant interviews and a cross-sectional mailed survey with young adult survivors (currently aged 18-39 years) of pediatric, adolescent, and young adult cancers in South Texas. Of the responding survivors, almost all wanted to be actively involved in medical decision-making, but preferences regarding family and doctor involvement varied...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749603/protection-motivation-theory-in-predicting-intention-to-receive-cervical-cancer-screening-in-rural-chinese-women
#17
Yang Bai, Qing Liu, Xinguang Chen, Yanduo Gao, Huiyun Gong, Xiaodong Tan, Min Zhang, Jiyu Tuo, Yuling Zhang, Qunying Xiang, Fenghua Deng, Guiling Liu
OBJECTIVE: Despite the significance of cervical cancer screening, motivating more women to participate remains a challenge in resource-limited settings. In this study, we tested the protection motivation theory (PMT) in predicting screening intentions. METHODS: Participants were women from Wufeng, a typical rural county in China. Participants (n=3000) with no cervical cancer history were recruited from 10 randomly selected villages. As mediating variables, six PMT constructs (Perceived Risk, Fear Arousal, Perceived Severity, Response Efficacy, Response Cost and Self-Efficacy) were measured using the standardized questionnaire...
July 27, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748105/a-feasibility-study-of-the-mini-after-telephone-intervention-for-the-management-of-fear-of-recurrence-in-breast-cancer-survivors-a-mixed-methods-study-protocol
#18
Susanne Cruickshank, Emma Steel, Deborah Fenlon, Jo Armes, Karen Scanlon, Elspeth Banks, Gerald Humphris
BACKGROUND: Fear of recurrence (FoR) is a major concern for patients following treatment for primary breast cancer, affecting 60-99% of breast cancer survivors. Mini-AFTER is a brief intervention developed to address this fear, that breast care nurses are ideally placed to deliver. However, their interest in delivering such an intervention is unknown and crucial to its introduction. This study aims to assess the perceived feasibility of the Mini-AFTER telephone intervention for implementation by breast care nurses to manage moderate levels of fear of recurrence among breast cancer survivors...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740665/decrease-in-performance-status-after-lobectomy-mean-poor-prognosis-in-elderly-lung-cancer-patients
#19
Yo Kawaguchi, Jun Hanaoka, Yasuhiko Oshio, Masayuki Hashimoto, Tomoyuki Igarashi, Yoko Kataoka, Ryosuke Kaku, Yuki Namura, Akira Akazawa
BACKGROUND: Surgery remains the best treatment for obtaining cure in patients with resectable lung cancer, regardless of age. In elderly patients, however, the presumed fear of decreased performance status (PS) after lobectomy has resulted in the delivery of sub-optimal cancer surgery. Surgical decision making for such patients would become easier if post-lobectomy survival benefits and changes in PS were well defined. METHODS: We reviewed patients aged 75 years or older who received lobectomy for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) at our hospital between January 2004 and December 2014...
June 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733055/avoiding-antiperspirants-during-breast-radiation-therapy-myth-or-sound-advice
#20
Brian C Baumann, Chuan Zeng, Gary M Freedman, Ioannis I Verginadis, Kelly M MacArthur, Lilie L Lin, Carolyn Vachani, Constantinos Koumenis, Timothy D Solberg, James M Metz
Breast cancer patients are typically advised to avoid antiperspirants for fear of increasing radiation dermatitis in the axilla. We hypothesized that antiperspirants would have minimal effect on skin dose. We found no difference in surface dose±antiperspirants using 6MV photons at gantry angles of 0°/30°/60°/90° regardless of aluminum concentration.
July 18, 2017: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
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