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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140490/distress-management-through-mind-body-therapies-in-oncology
#1
Linda E Carlson
Distress is highly prevalent in cancer survivors, from the point of diagnosis through treatment and recovery, with rates higher than 45% reported worldwide. One approach for helping people cope with the inherent stress of cancer is through the use of mind-body therapies (MBTs) such as mediation, yoga, hypnosis, relaxation, and imagery, which harness the power of the mind to affect physical and psychological symptoms. One group of MBTs with a growing body of research evidence to support their efficacy focus on training in mindfulness meditation; these are collectively known as mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs)...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138131/reducing-symptom-distress-in-patients-with-advanced-cancer-using-an-e-alert-system-for-caregivers-pooled-analysis-of-two-randomized-clinical-trials
#2
David H Gustafson, Lori L DuBenske, Amy K Atwood, Ming-Yuan Chih, Roberta A Johnson, Fiona McTavish, Andrew Quanbeck, Roger L Brown, James F Cleary, Dhavan Shah
BACKGROUND: Symptom distress in patients toward the end of life can change rapidly. Family caregivers have the potential to help patients manage those symptoms, as well as their own stress, if they are equipped with the proper resources. Electronic health (eHealth) systems may be able to provide those resources. Very sick patients may not be able to use such systems themselves to report their symptoms but family caregivers could. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to assess the effects on cancer patient symptom distress of an eHealth system that alerts clinicians to significant changes in the patient's symptoms, as reported by a family caregiver...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134504/ketorolac-and-other-nsaids-increase-the-risk-of-anastomotic-leakage-after-surgery-for-gej-cancers-a-cohort-study-of-557-patients
#3
Kaare Terp Fjederholt, Cecilie Okholm, Lars Bo Svendsen, Michael Patrick Achiam, Jakob Kirkegård, Frank Viborg Mortensen
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to investigate the impact of ketorolac and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs on anastomotic leakage after surgery for gastro-esophageal-junction cancer. Within the last two decades, the incidence of gastro-esophageal-junction cancer has increased in the western world and surgery is the curative treatment modality of choice. Anastomotic leakage is a feared complication of gastro-esophageal surgery, as it increases recurrence, morbidity, and mortality...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130386/searching-for-god-illness-related-mortality-threats-and-religious-search-volume-in-google-in-16-nations
#4
Brett W Pelham, Mitsuru Shimizu, Jamie Arndt, Mauricio Carvallo, Sheldon Solomon, Jeff Greenberg
We tested predictions about religiosity and terror management processes in 16 nations. Specifically, we examined weekly variation in Google search volume in each nation for 12 years (all weeks for which data were available). In all 16 nations, higher than usual weekly Google search volume for life-threatening illnesses (cancer, diabetes, and hypertension) predicted increases in search volume for religious content (e.g., God, Jesus, prayer) in the following week. This effect held up after controlling for (a) recent past and annual variation in religious search volume, (b) increases in search volume associated with religious holidays, and (c) variation in searches for a non-life-threatening illness ("sore throat")...
November 1, 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127760/preoperative-breast-mri-examination-for-all-patients-with-histologically-proven-breast-cancer-a-concept-for-a-prospective-multicenter-trial
#5
Christina Kaiser, Christina Kehrer, Mignon-Denise Keyver-Paik, Thomas Hecking, Tiyasha Hosne Ayub, Claudia Leutner, Hans Schild, Walther Kuhn
Background A published retrospective data of our study group demonstrated that premenopausal women, patients with lobular invasive breast cancer or patients with high breast density [American College of Radiology (ACR) classification 3+4] significantly benefit from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) leading to additional detection of malignant foci of 20.2% in the index and 2.5% in the contralateral breast, which would otherwise not be detected by routine imaging. Critics of preoperative MRI focus on higher false-positive rates leading to unnecessary surgical procedures and mastectomies...
November 11, 2017: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123344/parents-knowledge-and-attitude-regarding-their-child-s-cancer-and-effectiveness-of-initial-disease-counseling-in-pediatric-oncology-patients
#6
Manjusha Nair, Lidiya T Paul, P T Latha, Kusumakumary Parukkutty
Objective: To examine parent's knowledge, attitude and psychosocial response regarding their child's cancer and treatment after initial disease counseling by doctor. Materials and Methods: Structured questionnaire based study of 43 mothers of newly diagnosed pediatric cancer patients undergoing treatment in pediatric oncology division. Mothers received initial counseling regarding their child's cancer and treatment from the doctor. Questionnaire was administered 2-6 months after initial counseling and mothers self-reported their responses...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121873/barriers-to-hpv-self-sampling-and-cytology-among-low-income-indigenous-women-in-rural-areas-of-a-middle-income-setting-a-qualitative-study
#7
Betania Allen-Leigh, Patricia Uribe-Zúñiga, Leith León-Maldonado, Brandon J Brown, Attila Lörincz, Jorge Salmeron, Eduardo Lazcano-Ponce
BACKGROUND: Data is needed about barriers to self-collection of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) samples and cytology among low-income, disadvantaged women living in rural areas of lower-income countries as these women are at increased risk of cervical cancer mortality. METHODS: Individual interviews (n = 29), focus groups (n = 7, 5-11 participants) and discussion groups (n = 2, 18-25 participants) were organized with women from three indigenous ethnic groups residing in rural areas in Mexico, after they were provided with free, self-sampled HPV tests...
November 9, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121713/health-related-quality-of-life-in-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-survivors-a-prospective-cohort-study
#8
Danbee Kang, Juhee Cho, ImRyung Kim, Mi Kyung Kim, Won Seog Kim, Seok Jin Kim
Purpose: We evaluated health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in long-term survivors of indolent and aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). Materials and methods: The HRQOL was assessed by the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality-of-Life questionnaire Core 30 (EORTC QLQ-C30) at diagnosis in NHL patients between 2008 and 2011, and follow-up evaluation was conducted from June 2014 to Feb 2015 using EORTC QLQ-C30 and the quality of life in cancer survivors (QOL-CS) questionnaire...
November 9, 2017: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118070/perceptions-of-oral-cancer-screenings-as-compared-to-other-cancer-screenings-a-pilot-study
#9
M Colleen Stephenson, JoAnn R Gurenlian, Denise M Bowen
Purpose: The purpose of this pilot study was to compare public perceptions of Idaho adults regarding oral cancer (OC) screening with other common cancer screenings including breast cancer (BC), prostate cancer (PC), and colon cancer (CC) screenings.Methods: This study utilized a convenience sample (N=100) of Idaho residents. A self-designed, validated interview-administered questionnaire was administered by a data collection service using computer-assisted telephone interview software to assess consumer perceptions about cancer screenings...
June 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110027/human-papillomavirus-vaccine-uptake-in-adolescence-and-adherence-to-cervical-cancer-screening-in-switzerland-a-national-cross-sectional-survey
#10
Monica N Wymann, Anne Spaar Zographos, Ekkehardt Altpeter, Virginie Masserey Spicher, Nicola Low, Mirjam Mäusezahl-Feuz
OBJECTIVES: The objectives were to measure uptake of and factors associated with human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination initiation and to determine whether HPV vaccination reduced the uptake of cervical cancer screening. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey in a random sample of Swiss women aged 18-49 years in 2014 (N = 3588). RESULTS: Vaccination initiation was 69.3% and full coverage (three doses) 54.1% for 18-20-year olds, respectively, 42...
November 6, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104332/metacognitive-therapy-for-emotional-distress-in-adult-cancer-survivors-a-case-series
#11
Peter L Fisher, Angela Byrne, Peter Salmon
Many adult cancer survivors experience persistent emotional distress after completing cancer treatment. The aim of this study was to test the potential of a brief transdiagnostic psychological intervention-metacognitive therapy (MCT)-in reducing emotional distress in adult cancer survivors. A non-concurrent multiple baseline design with 3- and 6-months follow-up was used to evaluate the effects of MCT in four patients consecutively referred to a psycho-oncology service. Each patient received six 1-h sessions of MCT...
2017: Cognitive Therapy and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102455/postsurgical-disfigurement-influences-disgust-recognition-a-case-control-study
#12
Quentin Lisan, Nathalie George, Stephane Hans, Ollivier Laccourreye, Cédric Lemogne
BACKGROUND: Little is known about how emotion recognition may be modified in individuals prone to elicit disgust. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine if subjects with total laryngectomy would present a modified recognition of facial expressions of disgust. METHODS: A total of 29 patients presenting with a history of advanced-stage laryngeal cancer were recruited, 17 being surgically treated (total laryngectomy) and 12 treated with chemoradiation therapy only...
September 21, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100192/is-initial-excision-of-cutaneous-melanoma-by-general-practitioners-gps-dangerous-comparing-patient-outcomes-following-excision-of-melanoma-by-gps-or-in-hospital-using-national-datasets-and-meta-analysis
#13
Peter Murchie, Edwin Amalraj Raja, David H Brewster, Lisa Iversen, Amanda J Lee
BACKGROUND: Melanomas are initially excised in primary care, and rates vary internationally. Until now, there has been no strong evidence one way or the other that excising melanomas in primary care is safe or unsafe. European guidelines make no recommendations, and the United Kingdom (UK) melanoma guidelines require all suspicious skin lesions to be initially treated in secondary care based on an expert consensus, which lacks supporting evidence, that primary care excision represents substandard care...
November 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095681/randomized-trial-of-conquerfear-a-novel-theoretically-based-psychosocial-intervention-for-fear-of-cancer-recurrence
#14
Phyllis N Butow, Jane Turner, Jemma Gilchrist, Louise Sharpe, Allan Ben Smith, Joanna E Fardell, Stephanie Tesson, Rachel O'Connell, Afaf Girgis, Val J Gebski, Rebecca Asher, Cathrine Mihalopoulos, Melanie L Bell, Karina Grunewald Zola, Jane Beith, Belinda Thewes
Purpose Fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) is prevalent, distressing, and long lasting. This study evaluated the impact of a theoretically/empirically based intervention (ConquerFear) on FCR. Methods Eligible survivors had curable breast or colorectal cancer or melanoma, had completed treatment (not including endocrine therapy) 2 months to 5 years previously, were age > 18 years, and had scores above the clinical cutoff on the FCR Inventory (FCRI) severity subscale at screening. Participants were randomly assigned at a one-to-one ratio to either five face-to-face sessions of ConquerFear (attention training, metacognitions, acceptance/mindfulness, screening behavior, and values-based goal setting) or an attention control (Taking-it-Easy relaxation therapy)...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094088/factors-relating-to-late-presentation-of-patients-with-breast-cancer-in-area-2-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#15
Sharon R Čačala, José Gilart
Purpose: Patients with breast cancer (BC) in Area 2 KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, often present with advanced disease. We performed a review of the patients' sociodemographic characteristics and their reasons for late presentation to identify what changes could be made to improve time to presentation. Patients and Methods: Fifty women with T1, T2, T3, or T4 BC were assessed for sociodemographic data. Patients in T3 and T4 groups were asked to provide reasons for late presentation...
October 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089801/the-experience-of-patients-with-cancer-during-diagnosis-and-treatment-planning-a-descriptive-study-of-canadian-survey-results
#16
A C Coronado, K Tran, J Chadder, J Niu, S Fung, C Louzado, R Rahal
BACKGROUND: Communication with health care providers during diagnosis and treatment planning is of special importance because it can influence a patient's emotional state, attitude, and decisions about their care. Qualitative evidence suggests that some patients experience poor communication with health care providers and have negative experiences when receiving their cancer diagnosis. Here, we use survey data from 8 provinces to present findings about the experiences of Canadian patients, specifically with respect to patient-provider communication, during the diagnosis and treatment planning phases of their cancer care...
October 2017: Current Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077901/mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-for-japanese-breast-cancer-patients-a-feasibility-study
#17
Sunre Park, Mitsuhiro Sado, Daisuke Fujisawa, Yasuko Sato, Mari Takeuchi, Akira Ninomiya, Maiko Takahashi, Kimio Yoshimura, Hiromitsu Jinno, Yuko Takeda
Objectives: Mindfulness-based intervention has been receiving growing attention in cancer care. This study aimed to examine feasibility and to preliminary explore effectiveness of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) in Japanese breast cancer patients, and to explore possible modification of the program so that it fits better with this population. Methods: Twelve participants with diagnosis of Stage I-III breast cancer received an eight session, weekly MBCT intervention in a group therapy format...
October 25, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073799/explaining-the-effects-of-a-decision-intervention-on-mammography-intentions-the-roles-of-worry-fear-and-perceived-susceptibility-to-breast-cancer
#18
Holli H Seitz, Marilyn M Schapira, Laura A Gibson, Christine Skubisz, Susan Mello, Katrina Armstrong, Joseph N Cappella
OBJECTIVE: This study examines the effects of a mammography decision intervention on perceived susceptibility to breast cancer (PSBC) and emotion and investigates how these outcomes predict mammography intentions. DESIGN: Randomised between-subjects online experiment. Participants were stratified into two levels of risk. Within each stratum, conditions included a basic information condition and six decision intervention conditions that included personalised risk estimates and varied according to a 2 (amount of information: brief vs...
October 26, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063425/correction-to-a-phase-i-ii-study-of-gemcitabine-during-radiotherapy-in-children-with-newly-diagnosed-diffuse-intrinsic-pontine-glioma
#19
Sophie E M Veldhuijzen van Zanten, Fatma E El-Khouly, Marc H A Jansen, Dewi P Bakker, Esther Sanchez Aliaga, Cornelis J A Haasbeek, Nicole I Wolf, C Michel Zwaan, W Peter Vandertop, Dannis G van Vuurden, Gertjan J L Kaspers
In Table 2 of the original publication, there were errors in the baseline scores for the PedsQL TM 3.0 Cancer Module questionnaire, so a corrected version of Table 2 is shown in this erratum. In the subcategories of the PedsQL TM 3.0 Cancer Module questionnaire, nausea and fear of procedure did not score significantly lower after treatment compared to baseline. So, based on the corrected data in Table 2, there was no significant decrease in the total score of the cancer questionnaire, and this statement in the previous manuscript was incorrect...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058922/-satisfaction-and-overall-quality-of-life-in-brca-positive-women-after-prophylactic-surgeries
#20
P Šašková, D Pavlišta, L Dostálek
INTRODUCTION: Genetic mutations are responsible for 5-10% of all breast and ovarian carcinomas, while most of them are caused by a mutation of the BRCA gene. Women with this type of mutation have a lifetime risk of breast and ovarian cancer and therefore, they require very intensive medical care, including surgical prevention. Specifically, prophylactic bilateral mastectomy and prophylactic salpingo-oophorectomy are done, which undoubtedly decrease the riskof cancer. The aim of this review article is to inform healthcare professionals and the general public about the satisfaction of BRCA positive women with their decision to undergo these prophylactic surgeries, and also about the impact of these procedures on sexuality, menopausal symptoms, mental health and the overall quality of life...
2017: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
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