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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095938/effect-of-the-patient-to-patient-communication-model-on-dysphagia-caused-by-total-laryngectomy
#1
L Tian, R An, J Zhang, Y Sun, R Zhao, M Liu
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to evaluate the effect of a patient-to-patient communication model on dysphagia in laryngeal cancer patients after total laryngectomy. METHODS: Sixty-five patients who had undergone total laryngectomy were randomly divided into three groups: a routine communication group, a patient communication group (that received the patient-to-patient communication model) and a physician communication group. Questionnaires were used to compare quality of life and swallowing problems among all patient groups...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093703/african-american-and-caribbean-born-men-s-perceptions-of-prostate-cancer-fear-and-facilitators-for-screening-behavior-a-pilot-study
#2
Ewan K Cobran, Jori N Hall, William D Aiken
This study describes how a concurrent exploratory mixed methodology (CEMM) approach was used to investigate perceptions of prostate cancer (CaP) fear and facilitators of screening behavior in African-American (AA) and Caribbean-born (CB) black men for instrument development. A quantitative paper-based questionnaire was modified, adapted, and administered to participants from the Personal Integrative Model of Prostate Cancer Disparity Survey and the Powe Fatalism Inventory. Focus groups and individual interviews were conducted and analyzed using thematic analysis...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093034/fear-of-cancer-recurrence-and-unmet-needs-among-breast-cancer-survivors-in-the-first-five-years-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Mai-Britt Bjørklund Ellegaard, Cai Grau, Robert Zachariae, Anders Bonde Jensen
BACKGROUND: It is unclear to which degree the services available after end of treatment are sufficient to meet the needs of women treated for breast cancer. The aim of the present study was to identify patient-reported supportive care needs and the prevalence of fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) following end of treatment in women treated for breast cancer. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Using a cross-sectional design, women treated for breast cancer (n = 155; mean age 63) completed questionnaires concerning supportive care needs and FCR...
January 17, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078223/testosterone-therapy-and-prostate-cancer
#4
REVIEW
Alexander W Pastuszak, Katherine M Rodriguez, Taylor M Nguyen, Mohit Khera
The use of exogenous testosterone to treat hypogonadism in the men with a history of prostate cancer (CaP) remains controversial due to fears of cancer recurrence or progression. Due to the detrimental impact of hypogonadism on patient quality of life, recent work has examined the safety of testosterone therapy (TTh) in men with a history of CaP. In this review, we evaluate the literature with regards to the safety of TTh in men with a history of CaP. TTh results in improvements in quality of life with little evidence of biochemical recurrence or progression in men with a history of CaP, or de novo cancer in unaffected men...
December 2016: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069148/childhood-leukaemia-survivors-experiences-of-long-term-follow-ups-in-an-endocrine-clinic-a-focus-group-study
#5
Anna Pålsson, Marlene Malmström, Cecilia Follin
: The survival rate after childhood cancer has improved markedly and today more than 80% of patients will survive. Many childhood cancer survivors suffer from late complications due to radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Survivors of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia (ALL), treated with cranial radiotherapy, are at a particularly high risk of having endocrine complications. PURPOSE: To illuminate childhood ALL survivors' experiences of a long-term follow-up in an endocrine clinic...
February 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069147/a-content-analysis-of-emotional-concerns-expressed-at-the-time-of-receiving-a-cancer-diagnosis-an-observational-study-of-consultations-with-adolescent-and-young-adult-patients-and-their-family-members
#6
Live Korsvold, Anneli Viktoria Mellblom, Arnstein Finset, Ellen Ruud, Hanne Cathrine Lie
PURPOSE: Little is known about the emotional concerns expressed by adolescent and young adult (AYA) patients in consultations when a diagnosis of cancer is delivered. Here, we investigated the content of such concerns and how health care providers respond to them. METHOD: We audio-recorded nine consultations with AYA cancer patients (ages: 12-25 years) at the time of diagnosis. We have previously identified and coded 135 emotional concerns and the responses to these in the nine consultations using the Verona Coding Definitions of Emotional Sequences (VR-CoDES) framework...
February 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068158/follow-up-after-rectal-cancer-developing-and-testing-a-novel-patient-led-follow-up-program-study-protocol
#7
Ida Hovdenak Jakobsen, Therese Juul, Inge Bernstein, Peter Christensen, Frank Svendsen Jensen, Christoffer Johansen, Susie Lindhardt Larsen, Søren Laurberg, Mogens Rørbæk Madsen, Ole Thorlacius-Ussing, Henriette Vind Thaysen
BACKGROUND: The main treatment for non-metastatic rectal cancer (RC) is surgical resection. Late adverse effects that are highly prevalent and negatively impact patients' symptom burden and quality of life are: bowel-, urological and sexual dysfunctions; psychological distress; fear of recurrence. Patients and clinicians have requested a more patient-centred follow-up, balancing the focus on detection of recurrence, and physiological and psychological late adverse effects. The current follow-up program primarily focuses on detection of recurrence, with less attention on late adverse effects...
January 9, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055119/a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-of-cognitive-bias-modification-to-reduce-fear-of-breast-cancer-recurrence
#8
Wendy G Lichtenthal, Geoffrey W Corner, Elizabeth T Slivjak, Kailey E Roberts, Yuelin Li, William Breitbart, Stephanie Lacey, Malwina Tuman, Katherine N DuHamel, Victoria S Blinder, Courtney Beard
BACKGROUND: The most common, persistent concern among survivors of breast cancer is the fear that their disease will return, yet to the authors' knowledge, few interventions targeting fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) have been developed to date. The current pilot study examined the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy of a home-delivered cognitive bias modification intervention to reduce FCR. The intervention, called Attention and Interpretation Modification for Fear of Breast Cancer Recurrence (AIM-FBCR), targeted 2 types of cognitive biases (ie, attention and interpretation biases)...
January 5, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053950/lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-prevalence-perceptions-and-healthcare-seeking-behavior-amongst-nigerian-men
#9
Rufus Wale Ojewola, Ezekiel Sofela Oridota, Olanrewaju Samuel Balogun, Ezra Olatunde Ogundare, Taiwo Opeyemi Alabi
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and the factors influencing the healthcare-seeking behavior of men with LUTS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was performed of 658 men selected using multi-staged sampling techniques. They were interviewed about LUTS and their healthcare-seeking behavior. The data were analysed using PASW Statistics ver. 18. Associations between specific factors and healthcare-seeking behavior were examined using the chi-square and Fisher exact tests...
December 2016: World Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053513/metastatic-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer-in-very-elderly-patients-challenges-and-solutions
#10
REVIEW
Orazio Caffo, Francesca Maines, Mimma Rizzo, Stefania Kinspergher, Antonello Veccia
The treatment of elderly patients with cancer is usually viewed by clinicians as a challenge, because of the age-related decline in normal organ function and the frequent concomitant administration of multiple drugs for comorbid conditions. Clinicians therefore tend not to prescribe antineoplastic agents (mainly in the case of chemotherapy) to elderly patients, with the fear of excess toxicity leading to an unfavorable cost:benefit ratio. The cutoff age defining a cancer patient as elderly is usually 70 years, but over the last 10 years clinicians have paid more attention to functional status, as evaluated by means of a comprehensive geriatric assessment and comorbidity burden, rather than chronological age...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052692/measuring-illness-representations-in-breast-cancer-survivors-bcs-prescribed-tamoxifen-modification-and-validation-of-the-revised-illness-perceptions-questionnaire-ipq-bcs
#11
Zoe Moon, Rona Moss-Morris, Myra S Hunter, Lyndsay D Hughes
OBJECTIVE: The Revised Illness Perceptions Questionnaire (IPQ-R), widely used to assess illness perceptions, may fail to measure unique characteristics of different illnesses. This study modified and validated the IPQ-R for breast cancer survivors to provide detailed understanding of the specific illness perceptions held by these patients. DESIGN: Initial modifications were made following qualitative interviews and were revised in a think-aloud study. The modified scale was tested in 753 breast cancer survivors prescribed tamoxifen...
January 4, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052599/fear-of-new-or-recurrent-melanoma-after-treatment-for-localised-melanoma
#12
Katy J L Bell, Yachna Mehta, Robin M Turner, Rachael L Morton, Mbathio Dieng, Robyn Saw, Pascale Guitera, Kirsten McCaffery, Donald Low, Cynthia Low, Marisa Jenkins, Les Irwig, Angela C Webster
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the amount of fear of new or recurrent melanoma among people treated for localised melanoma in an Australian specialist centre. METHODS: We randomly selected 400 potential participants from all those treated for localised melanoma at the Melanoma Institute Australia during 2014 (n = 902). They were asked to complete an adapted version of the Fear of Cancer Recurrence Inventory (FCRI). We calculated summary statistics for demographics, clinical variables and total FCRI and subscale scores...
January 4, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036070/young-hungarian-students-knowledge-about-hpv-and-their-attitude-toward-hpv-vaccination
#13
Bettina Claudia Balla, András Terebessy, Emese Tóth, Péter Balázs
(1) Background: Hungarys's estimated cervical cancer mortality was 6.9/100,000 in 2012, above the average of the EU27 countries (3.7/100,000) in the same year. Since 2014, the bivalent HPV vaccine has been offered to schoolgirls aged 12-13. (2) Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study among 1022 high school seniors (492 girls, 530 boys) in 19 randomly selected schools in Budapest. Our anonymous questionnaire contained 54 items: basic socio-demographic data, knowledge about HPV infection/cervical cancer and HPV vaccination...
December 29, 2016: Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028198/sex-dependent-regulation-of-aromatase-mediated-synaptic-plasticity-in-the-basolateral-amygdala
#14
Roland A Bender, Lepu Zhou, Ricardo Vierk, Nicola Brandt, Alexander Keller, Christine E Gee, Michael K E Schäfer, Gabriele M Rune
: The basolateral amygdala (BLA) integrates sensory input from cortical and subcortical regions, a function that requires marked synaptic plasticity. Here we provide evidence that cytochrome P450 aromatase (AROM), the enzyme converting testosterone to 17β-estradiol (E2), contributes to the regulation of this plasticity in a sex-specific manner. We show that AROM is expressed in the BLA, particularly in the basolateral nucleus (BL), in male and female rodents. Systemic administration of the AROM-inhibitor letrozole reduced spine synapse density in the BL of adult female mice, but not in the BL of male mice...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009426/-christmas-balls-a-christmas-carol-by-the-adolescent-cancer-patients-of-the-milan-youth-project
#15
Andrea Ferrari, Stefano Signoroni, Matteo Silva, Paola Gaggiotti, Laura Veneroni, Chiara Magni, Michela Casanova, Stefano Chiaravalli, Mirko Capelletti, Pietro Lapidari, Carlo Alfredo Clerici, Maura Massimino
The Youth Project is a program developed at the Pediatric Oncology Unit at the Istituto Nazionale Tumori in Milan, dedicated to adolescents and young adults with cancer. Among its various goals, the Youth Project organizes structured creative activities with the support of professionals, with the objective of offering young people a new way to express their hopes and fears. This article describes a project centered around music: patients created a Christmas carol with the help of musicians and authors. The adolescents explained with their own words the meaning of the lyrics, telling the story of a Christmas spent in a cancer hospital ward...
December 19, 2016: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004440/patients-perception-of-chemotherapy-side-effects-expectations-doctor-patient-communication-and-impact-on-quality-of-life-an-italian-survey
#16
Domenica Lorusso, Emilio Bria, Anna Costantini, Massimo Di Maio, Giovanni Rosti, Annamaria Mancuso
Chemotherapy side effects (CSE) have a strong impact on patients' quality of life (QOL). To assess patient perceptions of CSE, their impact on QOL and doctor-patient communication regarding these aspects, a survey was conducted among Italian cancer patients. Patients at least 18 years of age, who received chemotherapy, were administered a dedicated questionnaire to assess their point of view on five domains: expectations about CSE and impact on QOL; doctor-patient communication about CSE; treatments to reduce the impact of CSE; sexual life; family relationships/activities and employment...
December 22, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001333/breast-related-stereotype-threat-contributes-to-a-symptom-cluster-in-women-with-breast-cancer
#17
Jie Li, Wei Gao, Li-Xiang Yu, Song-Ying Zhu, Feng-Lin Cao
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The study aims to investigate the prevalence of breast-related stereotype threat (BRST) and its effects on a symptom cluster consisting of anxiety, depression, and fatigue and on each symptom. BACKGROUND: The stereotype that breasts are a sign of women's femininity results in breast cancer patients fearing diminished femininity and rejection, which may induce psychological problems that co-occur as a symptom cluster. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998511/a-comparison-of-the-work-and-social-adjustment-scale-wsas-across-different-patient-populations-using-rasch-analysis-and-exploratory-factor-analysis
#18
Gursimran Thandi, Nicola T Fear, Trudie Chalder
INTRODUCTION: The Work and Social Adjustment Scale (WSAS) is designed to measure patients' perceived functional impairment associated with a health problem. There is a paucity of studies that explore the stability of the item hierarchy in the WSAS across different disease populations. This study investigated the unidimensional structure of the WSAS across different disease populations. METHODS: Secondary data analysis was conducted on pooled patient data (HIV, breast cancer, and inflammatory conditions) to create a new dataset (n=554)...
January 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998215/psychoeducational-intervention-to-reduce-fear-of-cancer-recurrence-in-people-at-high-risk-of-developing-another-primary-melanoma-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Mbathio Dieng, Phyllis N Butow, Daniel S J Costa, Rachael L Morton, Scott W Menzies, Shab Mireskandari, Stephanie Tesson, Graham J Mann, Anne E Cust, Nadine A Kasparian
Purpose People with a history of melanoma commonly report a fear of cancer recurrence (FCR), yet psychologic support is not routinely offered as part of ongoing melanoma care. This randomized controlled trial examined the efficacy of a psychoeducational intervention to reduce FCR and improve psychologic adjustment in this patient group compared with usual care. Methods The intervention comprised a newly developed psychoeducational resource and three telephone-based psychotherapeutic sessions over a 1-month period timed in accordance with dermatologic appointments...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995609/factors-influencing-suicidal-ideation-among-chinese-patients-with-stomach-cancer-qualitative-study
#20
X K Zhang, N G Procter, Q Xu, X Y Chen, F L Lou
AIM: The aim of this qualitative descriptive study was to explore the influencing factors of suicidal ideation in Chinese patients diagnosed with stomach cancer. INTRODUCTION: More recently, links have been made between suicide and cancer. For inpatients with cancer, nurses are at the front line to cope with suicidal issues in clinical settings. METHOD: This study was part of a larger study that investigated psychological strains and related factors associated with suicidal ideation...
December 20, 2016: International Nursing Review
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