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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343838/cancer-screening-and-early-detection-in-older-people-considerations-for-nursing-practice
#1
REVIEW
Sarah H Kagan, Kristen W Maloney
OBJECTIVE: To synthesize relevant issues in cancer screening for older people for nursing practice. DATA SOURCES: Published scientific literature, clinical literature, and published cancer screening guidelines from the United States and Canada. CONCLUSION: Nurses are caring for increasing numbers of older patients and, with this demographic shift, face increasing demands to address cancer screening and detection in both primary and specialty practice...
March 23, 2017: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342628/poor-sleep-quality-depression-and-hope-before-breast-cancer-surgery
#2
Thalyta Cristina Mansano-Schlosser, Maria Filomena Ceolim, Teresa D Valerio
AIM: This study aims to identify the predictors of poor sleep quality and the associations between depression, hope and sleep in a sample of 156 women with breast cancer prior to surgery. BACKGROUND: The care and treatment of breast cancer is among the most important scientific challenges in public health. Sleep disturbances and depression are the important complaint of cancer patients. However, they are often neglected. Patients diagnosed with breast cancer also experience prejudice, fear of death, suffering, mutilation, fear of lymphedema, as well as feelings of social devaluation leading to hopelessness Several studies point to hope as an effective strategy to help patients cope with difficulties and achieve their goals, especially patients with cancer...
April 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342616/performance-of-leading-artifact-removal-algorithms-assessed-across-microwave-breast-imaging-prototype-scan-configurations
#3
M A Elahi, C Curtis, B R Lavoie, M Glavin, E Jones, E Fear, M O'Halloran
Microwave imaging is a promising imaging modality for the detection of early-stage breast cancer. One of the most important signal processing components of microwave radar-based breast imaging is early-stage artifact removal. Several artifact removal algorithms have been reported in the literature. However, the neighbourhood-based skin subtraction and hybrid artifact removal algorithms have shown particularly promising results in different realistic 3D breast phantoms. For the first time in this paper, both algorithms have been evaluated and compared using the scan approaches of the most common microwave breast imaging prototype systems...
March 2, 2017: Computerized Medical Imaging and Graphics: the Official Journal of the Computerized Medical Imaging Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334436/impact-of-neoadjuvant-chemoradiation-on-perioperative-outcomes-in-patients-with-rectal-cancer
#4
Brandon C Chapman, Patrick Hosokawa, William Henderson, Alessandro Paniccia, Douglas M Overbey, Wells Messersmith, Christopher Lieu, Greg V Stiegmann, Richard D Schulick, Csaba Gajdos
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Neoadjuvant chemoradiation for rectal cancer is associated with lower local recurrence rates. The objective of this study is to assess the impact of neoadjuvant therapy on perioperative complications in patients with rectal cancer. METHODS: Using the ACS-NSQIP database (2005-2012), a propensity score was used to match 3592 patients with rectal cancer receiving neoadjuvant therapy to 3592 patients undergoing surgery alone. The association between neoadjuvant chemoradiation and perioperative outcomes was evaluated...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328269/physical-activity-and-exercise-after-stoma-surgery-overcoming-the-barriers
#5
Sarah Russell
This article presents the results from a large nationwide survey completed in 2016 that investigated the physical health and wellbeing of people living with stomas in the UK. In particular, the survey looked at physical activity and exercise, general attitudes and opinions about exercise, whether or not advice about physical activity had been received and other general questions about parastomal hernia and quality of life. There were 2631 respondents making it one of the largest known surveys to date. The findings were concerning yet unsurprising, highlighting a trend toward inactivity after stoma surgery and a fear of exercise in general...
March 9, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327090/investigating-young-women-s-motivations-to-engage-in-early-mammography-screening-in-switzerland-results-of-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Nanon H M Labrie, Ramona Ludolph, Peter J Schulz
BACKGROUND: The scientific and public debate concerning organized mammography screening is unprecedentedly strong. With research evidence concerning its efficacy being ambiguous, the recommendations pertaining to the age-thresholds for program inclusion vary between - and even within - countries. Data shows that young women who are not yet eligible for systematic screening, have opportunistic mammograms relatively often and, moreover, want to be included in organized programs. Yet, to date, little is known about the precise motivations underlying young women's desire and intentions to go for, not medically indicated, mammographic screening...
March 21, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326215/osteoradionecrosis-of-the-temporal-bone-leading-to-cerebellar-abscess
#7
Thomas B Layton
Squamous cell carcinoma of the temporal bone is a rare and destructive malignancy and represents both diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. The complex regional anatomy of the temporal bone requires equally intricate surgical techniques to adequately resect the tumour mass during surgical excision. Adjuvant radiotherapy is offered to patients with advanced disease and has been showed to confer a survival benefit in carefully selected patients. One feared complication of radiotherapy is osteoradionecrosis and is a major obstacle faced in the treatment of head and neck cancers...
2017: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324266/quality-of-life-in-patients-with-recurrent-breast-cancer-after-second-breast-conserving-therapy-in-comparison-with-mastectomy-the-german-experience
#8
Svenja Jendrian, Katharina Steffens, Barbara Schmalfeldt, Elena Laakmann, Corinna Bergelt, Isabell Witzel
BACKGROUND: Although some studies suggest that breast-conserving therapy (BCT) shows better psychosocial outcomes than mastectomy in patients with primary breast cancer, little is known about the outcomes of these surgical options in recurrent breast cancer. We investigated differences in overall survival and re-recurrence rates as well as psychosocial outcomes among patients who underwent BCT or mastectomy after the diagnosis of recurrent breast cancer in a single-center setting. METHODS: 124 of 186 eligible patients who underwent surgical treatment for breast cancer recurrence completed the questionnaires on quality of life (EORTC QLQ-C30 and -BR23), fear of progression (PA-F-KF), anxiety and depression (HADS), and body image (BIS)...
March 21, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317267/fear-of-cancer-recurrence-a-significant-concern-among-partners-of-prostate-cancer-survivors
#9
Marieke van de Wal, Simône Langenberg, Marieke Gielissen, Belinda Thewes, Inge van Oort, Judith Prins
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study were to 1) describe the prevalence of fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) in partners of prostate cancer (PCa) survivors; 2) to compare the proportions of high FCR in partners with high FCR in PCa survivors; 3) to explore partners' demographic and survivors' clinical characteristics associated with high FCR in partners and 4) to identify the relationship between high FCR and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in partners. METHODS: Questionnaires were sent to partners of disease-free PCa survivors...
March 20, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315539/scalp-cooling-a-literature-review-of-efficacy-safety-and-tolerability-for-chemotherapy-induced-alopecia%C3%A2
#10
Mikel Ross, Erica Fischer-Cartlidge
BACKGROUND: More than 75% of patients with cancer cite alopecia as the most feared side effect of treatment, with as many as 10% considering treatment refusal. Despite wide acceptance in other countries, scalp cooling to reduce chemotherapy-induced alopecia (CIA) has been uncommon in the United States because of longstanding concerns of scalp metastases and a lack of reliable efficacy data. 
. OBJECTIVES: This article reviews 40 years of efficacy, safety, and tolerability literature on scalp cooling to prevent CIA...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304262/lung-cancer-screening-participation-developing-a-conceptual-model-to-guide-research
#11
Lisa Carter-Harris, Lorie L Davis, Susan M Rawl
PURPOSE: To describe the development of a conceptual model to guide research focused on lung cancer screening participation from the perspective of the individual in the decision-making process. METHODS: Based on a comprehensive review of empirical and theoretical literature, a conceptual model was developed linking key psychological variables (stigma, medical mistrust, fatalism, worry, and fear) to the health belief model and precaution adoption process model. RESULTS: Proposed model concepts have been examined in prior research of either lung or other cancer screening behavior...
November 1, 2016: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301458/the-psychosocial-effects-of-the-li-fraumeni-education-and-early-detection-lead-program-on-individuals-with-li-fraumeni-syndrome
#12
Jessica Ross, Jasmina Bojadzieva, Susan Peterson, Sarah Jane Noblin, Rebecca Yzquierdo, Martha Askins, Louise Strong
PURPOSE: In the past 5 years, new screening protocols have been developed that provide improved cancer screening options for individuals with Li-Fraumeni syndrome (LFS). Very little has been published on the psychosocial impact of these screening protocols. The goals of this study were to determine how participation in screening impacts individuals psychosocially, to examine the benefits and drawbacks of screening, and to evaluate possible barriers to continued screening. METHODS: We performed a qualitative study consisting of semistructured phone interviews conducted from December 2015 to February 2016 with 20 individuals attending the LFS screening program at MD Anderson Cancer Center...
March 16, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298187/icanadapt-early-protocol-randomised-controlled-trial-rct-of-clinician-supervised-transdiagnostic-internet-delivered-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-icbt-for-depression-and-or-anxiety-in-early-stage-cancer-survivors-vs-treatment-as-usual
#13
M J Murphy, J M Newby, P Butow, L Kirsten, K Allison, S Loughnan, M A Price, J Shaw, H Shepherd, J Smith, G Andrews
BACKGROUND: This RCT with two parallel arms will evaluate the efficacy of an internet-delivered transdiagnostic cognitive behavioural therapy (iCBT) intervention for the treatment of clinical depression and/or anxiety in early stage cancer survivors. METHODS/DESIGN: Early stage cancer survivors will be recruited via the research arm of a not-for-profit clinical research unit and randomised to an intervention (iCBT) group or a 'treatment as usual' (TAU) control group...
March 15, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291647/health-professional-feedback-on-hpv-vaccination-roll-out-in-a-developing-country
#14
Collette Venturas, Kanayo Umeh
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, Zambia has the highest cervical cancer incidence rates (58.4/100,000 per year) and mortality rates (36.2/100,000 per year). The human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccine is considered a vital preventative measure against cervical cancer, particularly in sub-Saharan countries, such as Zambia. Past research suggests health professionals' experiences with HPV vaccination rollout can have practical implications for effective delivery. OBJECTIVE: To explore health professionals' perspectives on the HPV vaccination programme in Zambia...
March 10, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290459/contemporary-update-on-neoadjuvant-therapy-for-bladder-cancer
#15
REVIEW
Daniel P Nguyen, George N Thalmann
Administration of neoadjuvant chemotherapy preceding radical cystectomy in patients with bladder cancer remains a matter of debate. Results of prospective, randomized studies have demonstrated an overall absolute survival benefit of 5% at 5 years, provided cisplatin-based combination regimens are used. Owing to the perception of a modest survival benefit, the medical community has been slow to adopt the use of neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Other reasons for the underuse of neoadjuvant chemotherapy range from patient ineligibility to fear of delaying potentially curative surgery in nonresponders...
March 14, 2017: Nature Reviews. Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290092/evaluation-of-mammogram-parties-as-an-effective-community-navigation-method
#16
Kristi L Allgood, Bijou Hunt, Jacqueline M Kanoon, Melissa A Simon
Women of color do not have the same level of access to mammography services as their White counterparts, and this inequity may be one of the contributing factors to the documented racial disparity in breast cancer mortality in the US. The present study sought to assess the effectiveness of the mammogram party, a promising, but under-studied approach to increasing mammography uptake, particularly among under-served populations. The program targeted mammogram-eligible women in community settings on the west and southwest sides of Chicago, gathering basic demographic information, mammography history, and interest in assistance obtaining a mammogram...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288387/can-we-make-a-portrait-of-women-with-inoperable-locally-advanced-breast-cancer
#17
Giacomo Montagna, Andres R Schneeberger, Lorenzo Rossi, Gabriella Bianchi Micheli, Francesco Meani, Mauro Imperiali, Alessandra Spitale, Olivia Pagani
INTRODUCTION: Delay between clinical presentation and treatment of breast cancer (BC) can significantly impact mortality. We aimed at drawing a picture of women with locally advanced breast cancer (LABC) treated at our Breast Unit and at investigating factors associated with treatment delay. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective descriptive analysis, using a specific 28-item semi-structured questionnaire, was conducted in 67 patients diagnosed with T4 BC. RESULTS: Nearly a third of our patients had at least one known predisposing factor for LABC...
March 10, 2017: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285693/high-risk-community-and-primary-care-providers-knowledge-about-and-barriers-to-low-dose-computed-topography-lung-cancer-screening
#18
Vani N Simmons, Jhanelle E Gray, Matthew B Schabath, Lauren E Wilson, Gwendolyn P Quinn
INTRODUCTION: Until recently, there has not been a valid and reliable screening test for lung cancer. As compared to chest X-ray, low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) lung cancer screening has demonstrated greater sensitivity resulting in lung cancer diagnosis at an earlier stage, thereby reducing lung cancer mortality among high-risk individuals by 20%. In the current study, we sought to examine knowledge and attitudes about LDCT screening for lung cancer among an ethnically and racially diverse sample of high risk (HR) community members and primary care providers (PCP)...
April 2017: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284185/a-survey-to-determine-usual-care-after-cancer-treatment-within-the-united-kingdom-national-health-service
#19
M Duncan, J Deane, P D White, D Ridge, R Roylance, A Korszun, T Chalder, K S Bhui, M A Thaha, L Bourke
BACKGROUND: Approximately one third of cancer survivors in the United Kingdom face ongoing and debilitating psychological and physical symptoms related to poor quality of life. Very little is known about current post-cancer treatment services. METHODS: Oncology healthcare professionals (HCPs) were invited to take part in a survey, which gathered both quantitative and free text data about the content and delivery of cancer aftercare and patient needs. Analysis involved descriptive statistics and content analysis...
March 11, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282860/strategies-for-overcoming-resistance-in-tumours-harboring-braf-mutations
#20
REVIEW
Nourah Mohammad Obaid, Karen Bedard, Weei-Yuarn Huang
The development of resistance to previously effective treatments has been a challenge for health care providers and a fear for patients undergoing cancer therapy. This is an unfortunately frequent occurrence for patients undergoing targeted therapy for tumours harboring the activating V600E mutation of the BRAF gene. Since the initial identification of the BRAF mutation in 2002, a series of small molecular inhibitors that target the BRAFV600E have been developed, but intrinsic and acquired resistance to these drugs has presented an ongoing challenge...
March 8, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
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