keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

GluN2B

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098256/dopamine-promotes-nmda-receptor-hypofunction-in-the-retina-through-d1-receptor-mediated-csk-activation-src-inhibition-and-decrease-of-glun2b-phosphorylation
#1
Renato Socodato, Felipe N Santiago, Camila C Portugal, Ivan Domith, Thaísa G Encarnação, Erick C Loiola, Ana L M Ventura, Marcelo Cossenza, João B Relvas, Newton G Castro, Roberto Paes-de-Carvalho
Dopamine and glutamate are critical neurotransmitters involved in light-induced synaptic activity in the retina. In brain neurons, dopamine D1 receptors (D1Rs) and the cytosolic protein tyrosine kinase Src can, independently, modulate the behavior of NMDA-type glutamate receptors (NMDARs). Here we studied the interplay between D1Rs, Src and NMDARs in retinal neurons. We reveal that dopamine-mediated D1R stimulation provoked NMDAR hypofunction in retinal neurons by attenuating NMDA-gated currents, by preventing NMDA-elicited calcium mobilization and by decreasing the phosphorylation of NMDAR subunit GluN2B...
January 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095420/molecular-mechanism-of-disease-associated-mutations-in-the-pre-m1-helix-of-nmda-receptors-and-potential-rescue-pharmacology
#2
Kevin K Ogden, Wenjuan Chen, Sharon A Swanger, Miranda J McDaniel, Linlin Z Fan, Chun Hu, Anel Tankovic, Hirofumi Kusumoto, Gabrielle J Kosobucki, Anthony J Schulien, Zhuocheng Su, Joseph Pecha, Subhrajit Bhattacharya, Slavé Petrovski, Adam E Cohen, Elias Aizenman, Stephen F Traynelis, Hongjie Yuan
N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDARs), ligand-gated ionotropic glutamate receptors, play key roles in normal brain development and various neurological disorders. Here we use standing variation data from the human population to assess which protein domains within NMDAR GluN1, GluN2A and GluN2B subunits show the strongest signal for being depleted of missense variants. We find that this includes the GluN2 pre-M1 helix and linker between the agonist-binding domain (ABD) and first transmembrane domain (M1). We then evaluate the functional changes of multiple missense mutations in the NMDAR pre-M1 helix found in children with epilepsy and developmental delay...
January 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094500/chronic-mild-stress-induced-alterations-of-local-protein-synthesis-a-role-for-cognitive-impairment
#3
Francesca Calabrese, Paola Brivio, Piotr Gruca, Magdalena Lason-Tyburkiewicz, Mariusz Papp, Marco A Riva
Depression, a major cause of disability worldwide, is characterized by a complex and heterogeneous symptomatology. With this respect, cognitive deterioration represents a major problem that has a strong impact on patient's function. Thus, within the context of a depressive phenotype, it is important to characterize the mechanisms that sustain cognitive dysfunctions and may represent an important target for pharmacological intervention. Here, using the chronic mild stress (CMS) paradigm of depression, we found that, independently from the anhedonic phenotype, CMS rats showed a deficit in the novel object recognition (NOR) test, which is associated with an inability to phosphorylate GluN2B subunit on Ser1303 and to activate the mTOR pathway...
January 17, 2017: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067279/impaired-novelty-acquisition-and-synaptic-plasticity-in-congenital-hyperammonemia-caused-by-hepatic-glutamine-synthetase-deficiency
#4
Aisa N Chepkova, Olga A Sergeeva, Boris Görg, Helmut L Haas, Nikolaj Klöcker, Dieter Häussinger
Genetic defects in ammonia metabolism can produce irreversible damage of the developing CNS causing an impairment of cognitive and motor functions. We investigated alterations in behavior, synaptic plasticity and gene expression in the hippocampus and dorsal striatum of transgenic mice with systemic hyperammonemia resulting from conditional knockout of hepatic glutamine synthetase (LGS-ko). These mice showed reduced exploratory activity and delayed habituation to a novel environment. Field potential recordings from LGS-ko brain slices revealed significantly reduced magnitude of electrically-induced long-term potentiation (LTP) in both CA3-CA1 hippocampal and corticostriatal synaptic transmission...
January 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057539/effects-of-ibuprofen-on-cognition-and-nmda-receptor-subunit-expression-across-aging
#5
Alejandra Márquez Loza, Valerie Elias, Carmen P Wong, Emily Ho, Michelle Bermudez, Kathy R Magnusson
Age-related declines in long- and short-term memory show relationships to decreases in N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor expression, which may involve inflammation. This study was designed to determine effects of an anti-inflammatory drug, ibuprofen, on cognitive function and NMDA receptor expression across aging. Male C57BL/6 mice (ages 5, 14, 20, and 26months) were fed ibuprofen (375ppm) in NIH31 diet or diet alone for 6weeks prior to testing. Behavioral testing using the Morris water maze showed that older mice performed significantly worse than younger in spatial long-term memory, reversal, and short-term memory tasks...
January 3, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045032/mechanical-stress-activates-nmda-receptors-in-the-absence-of-agonists
#6
Mohammad Mehdi Maneshi, Bruce Maki, Radhakrishnan Gnanasambandam, Sophie Belin, Gabriela K Popescu, Frederick Sachs, Susan Z Hua
While studying the physiological response of primary rat astrocytes to fluid shear stress in a model of traumatic brain injury (TBI), we found that shear stress induced Ca(2+) entry. The influx was inhibited by MK-801, a specific pore blocker of N-Methyl-D-aspartic acid receptor (NMDAR) channels, and this occurred in the absence of agonists. Other NMDA open channel blockers ketamine and memantine showed a similar effect. The competitive glutamate antagonists AP5 and GluN2B-selective inhibitor ifenprodil reduced NMDA-activated currents, but had no effect on the mechanically induced Ca(2+) influx...
January 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042872/infralimbic-glun2a-containing-nmda-receptors-modulate-reconsolidation-of-cocaine-self-administration-memory
#7
Madalyn Hafenbreidel, Carolynn Rafa Todd, Devin Mueller
Addiction is characterized by high relapse susceptibility, and relapse can be triggered by drug-associated cues. Cue presentation induces retrieval of the drug-cue memory, which becomes labile and must be reconsolidated into long-term storage. Repeated unpaired cue presentation, however, induces extinction. Cue-reactivity can be reduced by blocking reconsolidation or facilitating extinction, which are mediated by NMDA receptors (NMDArs). However, the role of NMDArs in either process following self-administration is unclear...
January 2, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029335/enhanced-susceptibility-of-ca3-hippocampus-to-prenatal-nicotine-exposure
#8
O O Kalejaiye, M C Gondré-Lewis
The brain is highly susceptible to adverse effects of drugs of abuse during early phases of life. Prenatal nicotine exposure (PNE), a preventable cause of gestational and infant mortality, can alter neuron wiring and induce sustained deficits in attention and learning. Here, a rat model of PNE (embryonic days 7-21) was used to examine the maturing hippocampus, which encodes new memories and processes emotional memory. Components of synaptic signaling were evaluated at postnatal day 14 (P14), a period of prolific synaptogenesis in rats, to determine if glutamatergic transmission-associated molecules are regulated in subregions of hippocampus as early as P14...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998718/camkii-mediated-phosphorylation-of-glun2b-regulates-recombinant-nmda-receptor-currents-in-a-chloride-dependent-manner
#9
Steven J Tavalin, Roger J Colbran
Some forms of long-term synaptic plasticity require docking of Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II α (CaMKIIα) to residues 1290-1309 within the intracellular C-terminal tail of the N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor GluN2B subunit. The phosphorylation of Ser1303 within this region destabilizes CaMKII binding. Interestingly, Ser1303 is a substrate for CaMKII itself, as well as PKC and DAPK1, but these kinases have been reported to have contradictory effects on the activity of GluN2B-containing NMDA receptors...
December 18, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994728/pyrazole-inhibitors-of-glun2b-nmda-receptor-subunit
#10
EDITORIAL
Gerard Rosse
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 8, 2016: ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981829/discerning-the-role-of-the-hydroxyproline-residue-in-the-structure-of-conantokin-rl-b-and-its-role-in-glun2b-subunit-selective-antagonistic-activity-toward-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptors
#11
Yue Yuan, Rashna D Balsara, Jaroslav Zajicek, Shailaja Kunda, Francis J Castellino
Conantokins (con) are short γ-carboxyglutamate (Gla)-containing polypeptides expressed by marine snails that function as antagonists of N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) ion channels. The Gla residues govern structural conformations and antagonistic activities of the conantokins. In addition to Gla, some conantokins, e.g., conRl-B, also contain a hydroxyproline (HyP or O) residue, which in this case is centrally located in the peptide at position 10. Because conRl-B specifically inhibits ion channels of GluN2B subunit-containing heterotetrameric NMDARs, we evaluated the unusual role of HyP(10) in this effect...
December 27, 2016: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976681/amphetamine-and-methamphetamine-increase-nmdar-glun2b-synaptic-currents-in-midbrain-dopamine-neurons
#12
Ming-Hua Li, Suzanne M Underhill, Cheryl Reed, Tamara J Phillips, Susan G Amara, Susan L Ingram
The psychostimulants amphetamine (AMPH) and methamphetamine (MA) are widely abused illicit drugs. Here we show that both psychostimulants acutely increase NMDA receptor (NMDAR)-mediated synaptic currents and decrease AMPA receptor (AMPAR)/NMDAR ratios in midbrain dopamine neurons. The potentiation depends on the transport of AMPH into the cell by the dopamine transporter. NMDAR-GluN2B receptor inhibitors, ifenprodil, RO 25-6981, and RO 04-5595, inhibit the potentiation without affecting basal-evoked NMDA currents, indicating that NMDAR-GluN2B receptors are activated by AMPH...
January 18, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957346/vagus-nerve-stimulation-enhances-extinction-of-conditioned-fear-in-rats-and-modulates-arc-protein-camkii-and-glun2b-containing-nmda-receptors-in-the-basolateral-amygdala
#13
Amanda C Alvarez-Dieppa, Kimberly Griffin, Sheridan Cavalier, Christa K McIntyre
Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) enhances the consolidation of extinction of conditioned fear. High frequency stimulation of the infralimbic cortex (IL) produces long-term potentiation in the basolateral amygdala (BLA) in rats given VNS-paired extinction training, whereas the same stimulation produces long-term depression in sham-treated rats. The present study investigated the state of synaptic plasticity-associated proteins in the BLA that could be responsible for this shift. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were separated into 4 groups: auditory fear conditioning only (fear-conditioned); fear conditioning + 20 extinction trials (extended-extinction); fear conditioning + 4 extinction trials paired with sham stimulation (sham-extinction); fear conditioning + 4 extinction trials paired with VNS (VNS-extinction)...
2016: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956638/palmitoylation-regulates-glutamate-receptor-distributions-in-postsynaptic-densities-through-control-of-psd95-conformation-and-orientation
#14
Okunola Jeyifous, Eric I Lin, Xiaobing Chen, Sarah E Antinone, Ryan Mastro, Renaldo Drisdel, Thomas S Reese, William N Green
Postsynaptic density protein 95 (PSD95) and synapse-associated protein 97 (SAP97) are homologous scaffold proteins with different N-terminal domains, possessing either a palmitoylation site (PSD95) or an L27 domain (SAP97). Here, we measured PSD95 and SAP97 conformation in vitro and in postsynaptic densities (PSDs) using FRET and EM, and examined how conformation regulated interactions with AMPA-type and NMDA-type glutamate receptors (AMPARs/NMDARs). Palmitoylation of PSD95 changed its conformation from a compact to an extended configuration...
December 27, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926876/potentiation-of-synaptic-glun2b-nmdar-currents-by-fyn-kinase-is-gated-through-bdnf-mediated-disinhibition-in-spinal-pain-processing
#15
Michael E Hildebrand, Jian Xu, Annemarie Dedek, Yi Li, Ameet S Sengar, Simon Beggs, Paul J Lombroso, Michael W Salter
In chronic pain states, the neurotrophin brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) transforms the output of lamina I spinal neurons by decreasing synaptic inhibition. Pain hypersensitivity also depends on N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDARs) and Src-family kinases, but the locus of NMDAR dysregulation remains unknown. Here, we show that NMDAR-mediated currents at lamina I synapses are potentiated in a peripheral nerve injury model of neuropathic pain. We find that BDNF mediates NMDAR potentiation through activation of TrkB and phosphorylation of the GluN2B subunit by the Src-family kinase Fyn...
December 6, 2016: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917110/adolescent-mice-are-resilient-to-alcohol-withdrawal-induced-anxiety-and-changes-in-indices-of-glutamate-function-within-the-nucleus-accumbens
#16
Kaziya M Lee, Michal A Coelho, Hadley A McGregor, Noah R Solton, Matan Cohen, Karen K Szumlinski
Binge-drinking is the most prevalent form of alcohol abuse and while an early life history of binge-drinking is a significant risk factor for subsequent alcoholism and co-morbid affective disorders, relatively little is known regarding the biobehavioral impact of binge-drinking during the sensitive neurodevelopmental period of adolescence. In adult mice, a month-long history of binge-drinking elicits a hyper-glutamatergic state within the nucleus accumbens (Acb), coinciding with hyper-anxiety. Herein, we employed a murine model of binge-drinking to determine whether or not: (1) withdrawal-induced changes in brain and behavior differ between adult and adolescent bingers; and (2) increased behavioral signs of negative affect and changes in Acb expression of glutamate-related proteins would be apparent in adult mice with less chronic binge-drinking experience (14 days, approximating the duration of mouse adolescence)...
2016: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916457/molecular-basis-for-subtype-specificity-and-high-affinity-zinc-inhibition-in-the-glun1-glun2a-nmda-receptor-amino-terminal-domain
#17
Annabel Romero-Hernandez, Noriko Simorowski, Erkan Karakas, Hiro Furukawa
Zinc is vastly present in the mammalian brain and controls functions of various cell surface receptors to regulate neurotransmission. A distinctive characteristic of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors containing a GluN2A subunit is that their ion channel activity is allosterically inhibited by a nano-molar concentration of zinc that binds to an extracellular domain called an amino-terminal domain (ATD). Despite physiological importance, the molecular mechanism underlying the high-affinity zinc inhibition has been incomplete because of the lack of a GluN2A ATD structure...
December 21, 2016: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888019/ifenprodil-infusion-in-agranular-insular-cortex-alters-social-behavior-and-vocalizations-in-rats-exposed-to-moderate-levels-of-ethanol-during-prenatal-development
#18
Clark W Bird, Daniel Barto, Christy M Magcalas, Carlos I Rodriguez, Tia Donaldson, Suzy Davies, Daniel D Savage, Derek A Hamilton
Moderate exposure to alcohol during development leads to subtle neurobiological and behavioral effects classified under the umbrella term fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs). Alterations in social behaviors are a frequently observed consequence of maternal drinking, as children with FASDs display inappropriate aggressive behaviors and altered responses to social cues. Rodent models of FASDs mimic the behavioral alterations seen in humans, with rats exposed to ethanol during development displaying increased aggressive behaviors, decreased social investigation, and altered play behavior...
March 1, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881781/blocking-the-interaction-between-ephb2-and-addls-by-a-small-peptide-rescues-impaired-synaptic-plasticity-and-memory-deficits-in-a-mouse-model-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#19
Xiao-Dong Shi, Kai Sun, Rui Hu, Xiao-Ya Liu, Qiu-Mei Hu, Xiao-Yu Sun, Bin Yao, Nan Sun, Jing-Ru Hao, Pan Wei, Yuan Han, Can Gao
: Soluble amyloid-β (Aβ) oligomers, also known as Aβ-derived diffusible ligands (ADDLs), are thought to be the key pathogenic factor in Alzheimer's disease (AD), but there is still no effective treatment for preventing or reversing the progression of the disease. Targeting NMDA receptor trafficking and regulation is a new strategy for early treatment of AD. Aβ oligomers have been found to bind to the fibronectin (FN) type III repeat domain of EphB2 to trigger EphB2 degradation, thereby impairing the normal functioning of NMDA receptors and resulting in cognitive deficits...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871866/effects-of-the-glun2b-nmda-receptor-antagonist-ro-25-6981-on-two-types-of-behavioral-flexibility-in-rats
#20
Emma Clark, Kristen Antoniak, Alyssandra Feniquito, Hans C Dringenberg
Recent evidence has implicated N-methyl-d-aspartate receptors (NMDARs) in several aspects of learning and behavioral flexibility in rodents. Here, we examined the effects of treatment with Ro 25-6981, a selective antagonist of NMDARs containing GluN2B subunits, on two types of behavioral flexibility in rats, spatial reversal learning and set-shifting (spatial vs. motor strategy). To examine spatial reversal learning, rats were trained to swim to a hidden platform in a water maze over four days. On the following day, the platform was moved to a new location in the maze...
February 15, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
keyword
keyword
97191
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"