keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Advances in gastrointestinal surgery

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634593/carcinoid-heart-disease-starting-from-heart-failure
#1
Nicole Bertin, Serena Favretto, Francesco Pelizzo, Lucio Mos, Franco Pertoldi, Olga Vriz
Carcinoid syndrome is the constellation of symptoms mediated by humoral factors produced by some carcinoid tumors. It consists primarily of vasomotor symptoms, gastrointestinal hypermotility, hypotension, and bronchospasm, due to the production and release of vasoactive substances. Carcinoid heart disease occurs in more than 50% of patients with carcinoid syndrome; in some cases, it represents the initial manifestation of the disease. We report the case of a 75-year-old woman with a metastatic neuroendocrine tumor admitted to the emergency room for fatigue and heart failure...
April 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609821/endoscopic-accessories-used-for-more-advanced-endoluminal-therapeutic-procedures
#2
REVIEW
Hyunsoo Chung
Endoscopic accessories describe an extensive variety of auxiliary instruments used for diagnostic and therapeutic endoscopy. Various endoscopic accessories have been developed over the previous few decades and are mostly used for treating neoplastic lesions, such as early gastrointestinal (GI) carcinomas and premalignant lesions. Because of extensive research on natural orifice endoluminal surgery (NOTES) in the early 2000s and recent technological developments, new devices have been developed for various advanced endoluminal therapeutic procedures...
May 2017: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605921/duodenal-diverticular-bleeding-an-endoscopic-challenge
#3
Eduardo Valdivielso Cortázar, Lucía Madarnás Alonso, Susana Ortíz Marín, Ignacio Couto Worner, Pedro Alonso Aguirre
Duodenal diverticula are an uncommon cause of upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Until recently, it was primarily managed with surgery, but advances in the field of endoscopy have made management increasingly less invasive. We report a case of duodenal diverticular bleeding that was endoscopically managed, and review the literature about the various endoscopic therapies thus far described.
June 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599432/efficacy-and-tolerability-of-nanoparticle-albumin-bound-paclitaxel-in-combination-with-carboplatin-as-a-late-phase-chemotherapy-for-recurrent-and-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-multi-center-study-of-the-fukushima-lung-cancer-association-group-of-surgeons
#4
Mitsunori Higuchi, Hironori Takagi, Yuki Owada, Takuya Inoue, Yuzuru Watanabe, Takumi Yamaura, Mitsuro Fukuhara, Satoshi Muto, Naoyuki Okabe, Yuki Matsumura, Takeo Hasegawa, Atsushi Yonechi, Jun Osugi, Mika Hoshino, Yutaka Shio, Koichi Fujiu, Ryuzo Kanno, Akio Ohishi, Hiroyuki Suzuki, Mitsukazu Gotoh
The present retrospective multi-center study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and feasibility of nanoparticle albumin-bound (nab)-paclitaxel plus carboplatin as a second or late-phase chemotherapy in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). A total of 25 patients with recurrent or advanced NSCLC who had received previous chemotherapy were treated with nab-paclitaxel (70-100 mg/m(2), intravenously) on days 1, 8 and 15 every 28 days with a carboplatin area under the concentration-time curve of 4-6 on day 1...
June 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593056/management-options-for-advanced-low-or-intermediate-grade-gastroenteropancreatic-neuroendocrine-tumors-review-of-recent-literature
#5
REVIEW
Vladimir Neychev, Electron Kebebew
Our understanding of the biology, genetics, and natural history of neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) of the gastrointestinal tract and pancreas has improved considerably in the last several decades and the spectrum of available therapeutic options is rapidly expanding. The management of patients with metastatic low or intermediate grade NETs has been revolutionized by the development of new treatment strategies such as molecular targeting therapies with everolimus and sunitinib, somatostatin analogs, tryptophan hydroxylase inhibitors, and peptide receptor radionuclide therapy that can be used alone or as a multimodal approach with or without surgery...
2017: International Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561949/gastrointestinal-tract-carcinoma-in-pediatric-and-adolescent-age-the-italian-trep-project-experience
#6
Alice Indini, Gianni Bisogno, Giovanni Cecchetto, Marco Vitellaro, Stefano Signoroni, Maura Massimino, Giovanna Riccipetitoni, Marco Zecca, Patrizia Dall'Igna, Maria Debora De Pasquale, Alessandro Inserra, Stefano Chiaravalli, Eleonora Basso, Calogero Virgone, Silvia Sorbara, Maria Di Bartolomeo, Paolo D'Angelo, Andrea Ferrari
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal (GI) carcinomas are very rare in the pediatric and adolescent age range. We report the clinical features, treatment, and outcome of a series of children and adolescents with GI carcinoma prospectively registered in the Italian Tumori Rari in Età Pediatrica (TREP) project. METHODS: The TREP project developed diagnostic and therapeutic guidelines based on recommendations currently in use for adults. Clinical data were centrally registered and reviewed...
May 31, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540829/pseudomyxoma-peritonei-natural-history-and-treatment
#7
Rohin Mittal, Anuradha Chandramohan, Brendan Moran
Pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP) is an uncommon disease characterized by mucinous ascites, classically originating from a ruptured low grade mucinous neoplasm of the appendix. The natural history of PMP revolves around the "redistribution phenomenon", whereby mucinous tumour cells accumulate at specific sites with relative sparing of the motile small bowel and to a lesser extent other parts of the gastrointestinal tract. Peritoneal tumour accumulates due to gravity and at the sites of peritoneal fluid absorption, namely, the greater and lesser omentum and the under-surface of the diaphragm, particularly on the right...
March 29, 2017: International Journal of Hyperthermia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534326/-comparative-study-of-3d-and-2d-laparoscopic-surgery-for-gastrointestinal-tumors
#8
Fujian Ji, Xuedong Fang, Bingyuan Fei
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the technical advantages of 3D laparoscopic and 2D laparoscopic surgery for gastrointestinal tumors. METHODS: Clinical data of gastrointestinal cancer patients undergoing 3D laparoscopic or 2D laparoscopic surgery from January 2015 to January 2017 in our department were retrospectively analyzed These patients included 93 gastric cancer cases undergoing laparoscopic radical resection (total gastrectomy, 48 cases in 3D group, 45 cases in 2D group), 45 rectal cancer cases undergoing radical resection combined with lateral lymph node dissection (27 cases in 3D group, 18 cases in 2D group) and 76 right colon cancer cases undergoing radical resection (37 cases in 3D group, 39 cases in 2D group)...
May 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514384/-innovative-endoscopic-technologies-in-multi-field-medical-facility
#9
O E Karpov, P S Vetshev, A S Maady, K I Alekseev, A S Osipov, I V Vasiliev
The modern clinical practice is characterized by intensive introduction of innovative technologies for improving treatment and diagnostic procedures, minimizing their impact on the patient, complications rate and economic reasons. One of the priorities in this area is both diagnostic and therapeutic endoscopy. The degree of practical use of innovative endoscopic technologies depends on not only the quality of care, but also their economic reasons. Endoscopic treatment has become the method of choice for gastrointestional bleeding, extraction of foreign bodies, obstructive jaundice, polyps of the gastrointestinal tract, achalasia, esophageal strictures, etc...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506073/duodenal-diverticular-bleeding-an-endoscopic-challenge
#10
Eduardo Valdivielso Cortázar, Lucía Madarnás Alonso, Susana Ortíz Marín, Ignacio Couto Worner, Pedro Alonso Aguirre
Duodenal diverticula are an uncommon cause of upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Until recently, it was primarily managed with surgery, but advances in the field of endoscopy have made management increasingly less invasive. We report a case of duodenal diverticular bleeding that was endoscopically managed, and review the literature about the various endoscopic therapies thus far described.
May 16, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492354/experimental-evaluation-of-the-optimal-suture-pattern-with-a-flexible-endoscopic-suturing-system
#11
Peter Halvax, Michele Diana, Yoshihiro Nagao, Jacques Marescaux, Lee Swanström
BACKGROUND: The ability to perform reliable, secure endoluminal closure of the gastrointestinal tract wall, is a prerequisite to support the progress of the emerging field of endoluminal surgery. Along with advanced clipping systems, flexible endoscopic suturing devices are commercially available. Current systems can replicate traditional surgical suturing patterns in the endoluminal environment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the optimal endoluminal suturing technique using a flexible endoscopic suturing device...
June 2017: Surgical Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490007/duodenal-bulb-adenocarcinoma-benefitted-from-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-a-case-report
#12
Geng-Yuan Zhang, Jie Mao, Bin Zhao, Bo Long, Hao Zhan, Jun-Qiang Zhang, Hui-Nian Zhou, Ling-Yun Guo, Zuo-Yi Jiao
Duodenal bulb adenocarcinoma is an extremely rare malignancy in the alimentary tract which has a low incidence rate and nonspecific symptoms. It is difficult to diagnose early, and the misdiagnosis rate is high. CT, MRI, upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, and other advanced imaging modalities should be combined to make a comprehensive evaluation. The diagnostic confirmation of this tumor type mainly depends on the pathological examination. The combination of surgery with other treatment modalities is effective...
May 11, 2017: Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483604/selective-approach-for-patients-with-advanced-malignancy-and-gastrointestinal-obstruction
#13
Deep Pujara, Yi-Ju Chiang, Janice N Cormier, Eduardo Bruera, Brian Badgwell
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency of tumor-related gastrointestinal obstruction and identify variables associated with functional outcome and survival in patients with advanced malignancy and gastrointestinal obstruction. STUDY DESIGN: We reviewed the medical records of 490 patients with advanced cancer who underwent surgical consultation for gastrointestinal obstruction between January 2000 and May 2014. We used chi-square and logistic regression analyses to identify variables associated with survival and eating at discharge...
May 5, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465823/uk-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-the-management-of-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumours-gist
#14
Ian Judson, Ramesh Bulusu, Beatrice Seddon, Adam Dangoor, Newton Wong, Satvinder Mudan
BACKGROUND: Soft tissue sarcomas (STS) are rare tumours arising in mesenchymal tissues. Gastrointestinal stromal tumour (GIST) is the commonest STS and arises within the wall of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. While most GISTs occur in the stomach they do occur in all parts of the GI tract. As with other STS, it is important that GISTs are managed by expert teams, to ensure consistent and optimal treatment, as well as recruitment to clinical trials, and the ongoing accumulation of further knowledge of the disease...
2017: Clinical Sarcoma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462913/a-clinicopathologic-evaluation-of-incidental-fundic-gland-polyps-with-dysplasia-implications-for-clinical-management
#15
Isaac E Lloyd, Wendy K Kohlmann, Keith Gligorich, Amy Hall, Elaine Lyon, Erinn Downs-Kelly, Wade S Samowitz, Mary P Bronner
OBJECTIVES: Fundic gland polyps (FGPs) can rarely exhibit dysplasia of the surface epithelium. Based on retrospective data, FGPs with dysplasia (FGPDs) are thought to be a strong marker for familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP), although sporadic, non-syndromic FGPDs also occur. Owing to the significant syndromic association, diagnosis of an apparently sporadic FGPD may prompt clinical evaluation for FAP, especially its attenuated variant. We sought to evaluate the positive predictive value of incidental FGPDs for FAP...
May 2, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459732/goal-directed-fluid-therapy-does-not-reduce-primary-postoperative-ileus-after-elective-laparoscopic-colorectal-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Juan C Gómez-Izquierdo, Alessandro Trainito, David Mirzakandov, Barry L Stein, Sender Liberman, Patrick Charlebois, Nicolò Pecorelli, Liane S Feldman, Franco Carli, Gabriele Baldini
BACKGROUND: Inadequate perioperative fluid therapy impairs gastrointestinal function. Studies primarily evaluating the impact of goal-directed fluid therapy on primary postoperative ileus are missing. The objective of this study was to determine whether goal-directed fluid therapy reduces the incidence of primary postoperative ileus after laparoscopic colorectal surgery within an Enhanced Recovery After Surgery program. METHODS: Randomized patient and assessor-blind controlled trial conducted in adult patients undergoing laparoscopic colorectal surgery within an Enhanced Recovery After Surgery program...
July 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427298/recent-advances-in-pediatric-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-an-overview
#17
Salvatore Oliva, Salvatore Cucchiara, Stanley Allen Cohen
Pediatric gastrointestinal endoscopy has become a fundamental component of health care for infants and children. New imaging technologies and creative extraluminal applications have brought exciting and clinically important benefits to pediatric gastrointestinal endoscopy. Areas covered: The impact of different new technologies in pediatric endoscopy and focused on improvements in mucosa visualization and the application of new noninvasive tools and procedures to avoid biopsies or surgery are reviewed. Expert commentary: Enhancement in mucosal visualization and reduction of anesthesia and biopsies are the main goals that guide the endoscopy development in pediatrics...
May 5, 2017: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425658/endoscopic-management-of-acute-cholangitis-as-a-result-of-common-bile-duct-stones
#18
Mohan Ramchandani, Partha Pal, D Nageshwar Reddy
Acute cholangitis is infectious disease of the biliary system and potentially can cause significant morbidity and mortality. With advances in intensive care, antibiotic therapy advances and endoscopic and other modalities of biliary drainage, mortality rates have significantly come down of late. Although most cases respond to antibiotics alone, definitive therapy is required later in most of the patients. Increased biliary pressure leads to biliovenous reflux of bacteria and purulent bile into the circulation leading to systemic inflammation and sepsis with subsequent organ dysfunction...
April 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423367/imatinib-dose-escalation-versus-sunitinib-as-a-second-line-treatment-against-advanced-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumors-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#19
Jun-Te Hsu, Puo-Hsien Le, Chang-Fu Kuo, Meng-Jiun Chiou, Chia-Jung Kuo, Tsung-Hsing Chen, Chun-Jung Lin, Jen-Shi Chen, Huang-Pin Yu, Chun-Nan Yeh, Yi-Yin Jan, Ta-Sen Yeh
BACKGROUND: Although treatment with imatinib in advanced gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) patients has led to significant clinical benefits, the disease will eventually progress due to imatinib resistance. Treatment options after failure of first-line imatinib include imatinib dose escalation or shifting to sunitinib. However, there is no large-scale study to compare the efficacy difference between these two treatment strategies or the role of surgery. RESULTS: This study recruited 521 advanced GIST patients including 246, 125, and 150 placed in groups 1, 2, and 3, respectively...
April 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401874/-gallbladder-carcinoma-in-iceland-2004-2013
#20
Bryndis Baldvinsdottir, Haraldur Hauksson, Kristin Huld Haraldsdóttir
INTRODUCTION: Gallbladder carcinoma is about 0.5% of all cancer. The outcome of patients with gallbladder carcinoma is overall bad and the only potentially curative treatment is surgery. The aim of this study was to determine the disease's prevalence in Iceland and outcome of the patients diagnosed in the study period. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study of all diagnosed patients with gallbladder carcinoma during the years 2004-2013. A list of patients was obtained from the Icelandic Cancer Registry...
April 2017: Læknablađiđ
keyword
keyword
97187
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"