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Wildlife rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902964/plasmatic-coagulation-and-fibrinolysis-in-healthy-and-otostrongylus-affected-northern-elephant-seals-mirounga-angustirostris
#1
Sarrah Kaye, Shawn Johnson, Carlos Rios, Daniel J Fletcher
BACKGROUND: Prepatent Otostrongylus arteritis results in hemorrhagic diathesis in free-ranging Northern elephant seals (Mirounga angustirostris) attributed to aberrant larval migration of the lungworm, Otostrongylus circumlitus. Clinical signs are often nonspecific, including lethargy, anorexia, and blepharospasm, but can progress to spontaneous frank hemorrhage and death within 72 hours of onset. Previously published case reports describe coagulopathy with prolonged PT and APTT, normal to elevated platelet counts, normal antithrombin concentrations, and low concentrations of fibrinogen degradation products...
September 13, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749287/hematologic-and-plasma-biochemical-values-of-cinereous-vulture-aegypius-monachus
#2
Seong H Seok, Dong H Jeong, Se J Park, Seung Y Lee, Hee C Lee, Seong C Yeon
The aim of this study was to establish hematologic and plasma biochemical reference intervals for clinically healthy cinereous vultures ( Aegypius monachus ) in a rehabilitation setting before release. Animals used in this study were cinereous vultures hospitalized in a wildlife center located in the province of Gyeongsangnam-do, the Republic of Korea. Blood samples were collected from 31 cinereous vultures before their release between 2011 and 2014 at the Gyeongnam Wildlife Center. Complete blood count and plasma biochemical analyses were performed within 2 hr of the blood sampling...
June 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719647/morbidity-outcomes-and-cost-benefit-analysis-of-wildlife-rehabilitation-in-catalonia-spain
#3
Rafael Angel Molina-López, Santi Mañosa, Alex Torres-Riera, Manel Pomarol, Laila Darwich
BACKGROUND: There are few studies of careful examination of wildlife casualties in Wildlife Rehabilitation Centers. These studies are essential for detecting menaces to wild species and providing objective criteria about cost-benefit of treatments in those centers. The release rate is considered the main outcome indicator, but other parameters such as length of stay at the center and a cost-benefit index expressed as number of released animals per euro and day, could be used as reliable estimators of the rehabilitation costs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703699/a-high-prevalence-of-beak-and-feather-disease-virus-in-non-psittacine-australian-birds
#4
Jemima Amery-Gale, Marc S Marenda, Jane Owens, Paul A Eden, Glenn F Browning, Joanne M Devlin
PURPOSE: Beak and feather disease virus (BFDV) is a circovirus and the cause of psittacine beak and feather disease (PBFD). This disease is characterized by feather and beak deformities and is a recognized threat to endangered Psittaciformes (parrots and cockatoos). The role that non-psittacine birds may play as reservoirs of infection is unclear. This study aimed to begin addressing this gap in our knowledge of PBFD. METHODOLOGY: Liver samples were collected from birds presented to the Australian Wildlife Health Centre at Zoos Victoria's Healesville Sanctuary for veterinary care between December 2014 and December 2015, and tested for BFDV DNA using polymerase chain reaction coupled with sequencing and phylogenetic analyses...
July 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665257/morphological-and-molecular-assessment-of-pentastomes-from-gulls-in-portugal
#5
Ivan Literak, María Casero, Božena Koubková, Miroslav Těšínský, Petr Heneberg
During 2016, 153 gulls, including 64 Larus fuscus and 89 Larus michahellis, were found crippled in south Portugal, died in Wildlife Rehabilitation and Investigation Center-RIAS, and were necropsied. Reighardia sternae infected 2 (3%, n = 64) L. fuscus and 4 (4%, n = 89) L. michahellis. Molecular analysis confirmed the morphological identification based on total body length, maximum body width, length of anterior and posterior hooks, total length of oral aparatus, and other features of oral aparatus of R. sternae...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635047/feeding-asian-pangolins-an-assessment-of-current-diets-fed-in-institutions-worldwide
#6
Francis Cabana, Amy Plowman, Thai Van Nguyen, Shih-Chien Chin, Sung-Lin Wu, Hsuan-Yi Lo, Hirofumi Watabe, Fujio Yamamoto
Pangolins are ant specialists which are under intense threat from the illegal wildlife trade. Nutrition has notoriously been their downfall in captivity and is still an issue in regards to rescue and rehabilitation. We analyzed the nutrient content of diets used by institutions that are successfully keeping Asian pangolins and to assess the variety of the ingredients and nutrients, compared these with the nutritional requirements of potential nutritional model species. We performed intake studies at five institutions and also had data from three other institutions...
July 2017: Zoo Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616507/the-first-report-of-escherichia-fergusonii-isolated-from-non-human-primates-in-africa
#7
Barbara Glover, Jeanette Wentzel, Akinbowale Jenkins, Moritz Van Vuuren
The aim of this study was to determine the resistance phenotypes of selected enteric bacteria isolated from non-human primates at a wildlife-human interface. Bacterial isolates from faecal samples of non-human primates at two wildlife rehabilitation centres in South Africa were screened for the presence of Escherichia coli. The biochemical characterisation of E. coli and E. coli-like bacteria revealed both adonitol positive and sorbitol negative strains - a unique characteristic of Escherichia fergusonii and Escherichia coli K99...
June 2017: One Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559122/reprint-of-overview-of-avian-toxicity-studies-for-the-deepwater-horizon-natural-resource-damage-assessment
#8
S J Bursian, C R Alexander, D Cacela, F L Cunningham, K M Dean, B S Dorr, C K Ellis, C A Godard-Codding, C G Guglielmo, K C Hanson-Dorr, K E Harr, K A Healy, M J Hooper, K E Horak, J P Isanhart, L V Kennedy, J E Link, I Maggini, J K Moye, C R Perez, C A Pritsos, S A Shriner, K A Trust, P L Tuttle
The Oil Pollution Act of 1990 establishes liability for injuries to natural resources because of the release or threat of release of oil. Assessment of injury to natural resources resulting from an oil spill and development and implementation of a plan for the restoration, rehabilitation, replacement or acquisition of natural resources to compensate for those injuries is accomplished through the Natural Resource Damage Assessment (NRDA) process. The NRDA process began within a week of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, which occurred on April 20, 2010...
May 27, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528317/levels-of-blood-lead-in-griffon-vultures-from-a-wildlife-rehabilitation-center-in-spain
#9
Fernando González, Irene López, Laura Suarez, Virginia Moraleda, Casilda Rodríguez
Lead is considered a highly toxic contaminant with important impacts to bird wildlife. Griffon vultures (Gyps fulvus) are a sensitive indicator of the level of environmental contamination due to their position at the top of the food chain and their dependence on human activities. The aim of this study was to assess susceptibility to lead intoxication in Griffon vultures admitted to Wildlife Rehabilitation Centers (WRC), measuring blood lead levels and determining if blood lead concentrations are related to clinical signs, hematological, biochemical or radiographic findings...
May 18, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497225/development-of-a-rapid-hrm-qpcr-for-the-diagnosis-of-the-four-most-prevalent-plasmodium-lineages-in-new-zealand
#10
E R Schoener, S Hunter, L Howe
Although wildlife rehabilitation and translocations are important tools in wildlife conservation in New Zealand, disease screening of birds has not been standardized. Additionally, the results of the screening programmes are often difficult to interpret due to missing disease data in resident or translocating avian populations. Molecular methods have become the most widespread method for diagnosing avian malaria (Plasmodium spp.) infections. However, these methods can be time-consuming, expensive and are less specific in diagnosing mixed infections...
July 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475653/a-long-term-retrospective-study-on-rehabilitation-of-seabirds-in-gran-canaria-island-spain-2003-2013
#11
Natalia Montesdeoca, Pascual Calabuig, Juan A Corbera, Jorge Orós
AIMS: The aims of this study were to analyze the causes of morbidity and mortality in a large population of seabirds admitted to the Tafira Wildlife Rehabilitation Center (TWRC) in Gran Canaria Island, Spain, from 2003 to 2013, and to analyze the outcomes of the rehabilitation process. METHODS: We included 1,956 seabirds (133 dead on admission and 1,823 admitted alive) in this study. Causes of morbidity were classified into nine categories: light pollution (fallout), fishing gear interaction, crude oil, poisoning/intoxication, other traumas, metabolic/nutritional disorder, orphaned young birds, other causes, and unknown/undetermined...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376347/overview-of-avian-toxicity-studies-for-the-deepwater-horizon-natural-resource-damage-assessment
#12
S J Bursian, C R Alexander, D Cacela, F L Cunningham, K M Dean, B S Dorr, C K Ellis, C A Godard-Codding, C G Guglielmo, K C Hanson-Dorr, K E Harr, K A Healy, M J Hooper, K E Horak, J P Isanhart, L V Kennedy, J E Link, I Maggini, J K Moye, C R Perez, C A Pritsos, S A Shriner, K A Trust, P L Tuttle
The Oil Pollution Act of 1990 establishes liability for injuries to natural resources because of the release or threat of release of oil. Assessment of injury to natural resources resulting from an oil spill and development and implementation of a plan for the restoration, rehabilitation, replacement or acquisition of natural resources to compensate for those injuries is accomplished through the Natural Resource Damage Assessment (NRDA) process. The NRDA process began within a week of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, which occurred on April 20, 2010...
April 1, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363127/tissue-uptake-distribution-and-excretion-of-brevetoxin-3-after-oral-and-intratracheal-exposure-in-the-freshwater-turtle-trachemys-scripta-and-the-diamondback-terrapin-malaclemys-terrapin
#13
Courtney C Cocilova, Leanne J Flewelling, Gregory D Bossart, April A Granholm, Sarah L Milton
Harmful algal blooms (HABs) occur nearly annually off the west coast of Florida and can impact both humans and wildlife, resulting in morbidity and increased mortality of marine animals including sea turtles. The key organism in Florida red tides is the dinoflagellate Karenia brevis that produces a suite of potent neurotoxins referred to as the brevetoxins (PbTx). Despite recent mortality events and rehabilitation efforts, still little is known about how the toxin directly impacts sea turtles, as they are not amenable to experimentation and what is known about toxin levels and distribution comes primarily from post-mortem data...
June 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363050/intravenous-regional-antibiotic-perfusion-therapy-as-an-adjunctive-treatment-for-digital-lesions-in-seabirds
#14
Christine V Fiorello
Foot infections are a common problem among seabirds in wildlife rehabilitation. Pododermatitis and digital infections are often challenging to treat because of the presence of suboptimal substrates, abnormal weight-bearing due to injuries, and suboptimal nutritional or health status. Seabirds represent the majority of animals requiring rehabilitation after oil spills, and foot problems are a common reason for euthanasia among these birds. Antibiotic intravenous regional perfusion therapy is frequently used in humans and other species to treat infections of the distal extremities, but it has not been evaluated in seabirds...
March 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328146/conservation-and-the-four-rs-which-are-rescue-rehabilitation-release-and-research
#15
REVIEW
Graham H Pyke, Judit K Szabo
Vertebrate animals can be injured or threatened with injury through human activities, thus warranting their 'rescue'. Details of wildlife Rescue, Rehabilitation, Release, and associated Research (our 4 R's) are often recorded in large databases, resulting in a wealth of information. This information has huge research potential and can contribute to our understanding of animal biology, anthropogenic impacts on wildlife, and species conservation. However, such databases have been little used, few studies have evaluated factors influencing success of rehabilitation and/or release, recommended actions to conserve threatened species have rarely arisen, and direct benefits for species conservation are yet to be demonstrated...
March 22, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151078/isolation-and-characterization-of-a-novel-marine-brucella-from-a-southern-sea-otter-enhydra-lutris-nereis-california-usa
#16
Melissa A Miller, Tristan L Burgess, Erin M Dodd, Jack C Rhyan, Spencer S Jang, Barbara A Byrne, Frances M D Gulland, Michael J Murray, Sharon Toy-Choutka, Patricia A Conrad, Cara L Field, Inga F Sidor, Woutrina A Smith
We characterize Brucella infection in a wild southern sea otter ( Enhydra lutris nereis) with osteolytic lesions similar to those reported in other marine mammals and humans. This otter stranded twice along the central California coast, US over a 1-yr period and was handled extensively at two wildlife rehabilitation facilities, undergoing multiple surgeries and months of postsurgical care. Ultimately the otter was euthanized due to severe, progressive neurologic disease. Necropsy and postmortem radiographs revealed chronic, severe osteoarthritis spanning the proximal interphalangeal joint of the left hind fifth digit...
April 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097684/feeding-asian-pangolins-an-assessment-of-current-diets-fed-in-institutions-worldwide
#17
Francis Cabana, Amy Plowman, Thai Van Nguyen, Shih-Chien Chin, Sung-Lin Wu, Hsuan-Yi Lo, Hirofumi Watabe, Fujio Yamamoto
Pangolins are ant specialists which are under intense threat from the illegal wildlife trade. Nutrition has notoriously been their downfall in captivity and is still an issue in regards to rescue and rehabilitation. We analyzed the nutrient content of diets used by institutions that are successfully keeping Asian pangolins and to assess the variety of the ingredients and nutrients, compared these with the nutritional requirements of potential nutritional model species. We performed intake studies at five institutions and also had data from three other institutions...
January 18, 2017: Zoo Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055326/prevalence-and-distribution-of-human-and-tick-infections-with-the-ehrlichia-muris-like-agent-and-anaplasma-phagocytophilum-in-wisconsin-2009-2015
#18
Darby S Murphy, Xia Lee, Scott R Larson, Diep K Hoang Johnson, Theoren Loo, Susan M Paskewitz
Ehrlichiosis and anaplasmosis are important emerging tickborne zoonoses that affect both humans and animals. Knowledge of the geographic distribution and prevalence of Ehrlichia spp. and Anaplasma phagocytophilum in Wisconsin is important information as a baseline for future comparisons. Reported human cases between 2009 and 2015 were identified using the Wisconsin Electronic Disease Surveillance System (WEDSS) and mapped by county of residence. Vector surveillance was established using ticks collected from animals by partners, including veterinary medical clinics, domestic animal shelters, and wildlife rehabilitation centers from 40 Wisconsin counties...
April 2017: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044386/skin-disease-in-captive-bats-results-of-an-online-survey-of-zoos-and-rehabilitators-in-europe-north-america-and-australasia
#19
Kay I Fountain, Kim B Stevens, David H Lloyd, Anette Loeffler
BACKGROUND: Bats may be held captive in zoos and breeding programmes, and for rehabilitation due to illness, abandonment or injury. OBJECTIVES: To describe the frequency and characteristics of skin disease in captive bats. METHODS: Zoos (n = 164) in Europe, North America, Australia and New Zealand, Wildlife Disease Association members and rehabilitators were invited to complete online questionnaires on skin lesions and housing. Associations between lesion type and site, frequency, species, age, suspected cause and season, and their association with housing in zoos were tested using chi-squared and two-sample z-tests...
April 2017: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869612/baylisascaris-procyonis-roundworm-seroprevalence-among-wildlife-rehabilitators-united-states-and-canada-2012-2015
#20
Sarah G H Sapp, Lisa N Rascoe, Patricia P Wilkins, Sukwan Handali, Elizabeth B Gray, Mark Eberhard, Dana M Woodhall, Susan P Montgomery, Karen L Bailey, Emily W Lankau, Michael J Yabsley
Baylisascaris procyonis roundworms can cause potentially fatal neural larva migrans in many species, including humans. However, the clinical spectrum of baylisascariasis is not completely understood. We tested 347 asymptomatic adult wildlife rehabilitators for B. procyonis antibodies; 24 were positive, suggesting that subclinical baylisascariasis is occurring among this population.
December 2016: Emerging Infectious Diseases
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