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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765692/the-cascading-pathogenic-consequences-of-sarcoptes-scabiei-infection-that-manifest-in-host-disease
#1
Alynn M Martin, Tamieka A Fraser, John A Lesku, Kellie Simpson, Georgia L Roberts, Jillian Garvey, Adam Polkinghorne, Christopher P Burridge, Scott Carver
Sarcoptic mange, caused by the parasitic mite Sarcoptes scabiei , causes a substantive burden of disease to humans, domestic animals and wildlife, globally. There are many effects of S. scabiei infection, culminating in the disease which hosts suffer. However, major knowledge gaps remain on the pathogenic impacts of this infection. Here, we focus on the bare-nosed wombat host ( Vombatus ursinus ) to investigate the effects of mange on: (i) host heat loss and thermoregulation, (ii) field metabolic rates, (iii) foraging and resting behaviour across full circadian cycles, and (iv) fatty acid composition in host adipose, bone marrow, brain and muscle tissues...
April 2018: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617186/determining-raptor-species-and-tissue-sensitivity-for-improved-west-nile-virus-surveillance
#2
Kendall L Kritzik, Gail Kratz, Nicholas A Panella, Kristen Burkhalter, Rebecca J Clark, Brad J Biggerstaff, Nicholas Komar
  Raptors are a target sentinel species for West Nile virus (WNV) because many are susceptible to WNV disease, they are easily sighted because of their large size, and they often occupy territories near human settlements. Sick and dead raptors accumulate at raptor and wildlife rehabilitation clinics. However, investigations into species selection and specimen type for efficient detection of WNV are lacking. Accordingly, we evaluated dead raptors from north-central Colorado and SE Wyoming over a 4-yr period...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603886/raccoon-roundworm-baylisascaris-procyonis-as-an-occupational-hazard-2-use-of-personal-protective-equipment-and-infection-control-practices-among-raccoon-rehabilitators
#3
S G H Sapp, B Murray, E R Hoover, G T Green, M J Yabsley
Baylisascaris procyonis, the raccoon roundworm, is a zoonotic ascarid of importance to human and animal health. Wildlife rehabilitators who care for raccoons may be at an increased risk for exposure to the parasite, especially if proper precautions are not taken. In a wider effort to evaluate awareness regarding B. procyonis in the wildlife rehabilitation community, an online survey (38-39 questions) including questions about B. procyonis knowledge and attitudes was developed and administered to wildlife rehabilitators...
March 30, 2018: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547358/investigation-of-a-largescale-common-murre-uria-aalge-mortality-event-in-california-in-2015
#4
Corinne Gibble, Rebecca Duerr, Barbara Bodenstein, Kirsten Lindquist, Jackie Lindsey, Jessie Beck, Laird Henkel, Jan Roletto, Jim Harvey, Raphael Kudela
From August through December 2015, beachcast bird survey programs reported increased deposition of common murres ( Uria aalge) on central and northern California beaches, but not on southern California beaches. Coastal wildlife rehabilitation centers received more than 1,000 live, stranded, and debilitated murres from Sonoma County to San Luis Obispo County during August-October. Approximately two-thirds of admitted birds were after-hatch-year birds in emaciated body condition and in various stages of molt, with extremely worn plumage...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527641/morphological-and-molecular-characterisation-of-isospora-butcherae-n-sp-in-a-silvereye-zosterops-lateralis-latham-1801
#5
Rongchang Yang, Belinda Brice, Fuchun Jian, Una Ryan
A new Isospora (Apicomplexa:Eimeriidae) species is described from a silvereye (Zosterops lateralis) in Western Australia. Sporulated oocysts of this species are spherical, 24.2 (23.1-25.2) × 23.3 (22.8-23.9) μm, with a shape index (length/width) of 1.02, and with a smooth bi-layered oocyst wall, 1.2 μm thick (outer layer 0.9 μm, inner 0.3 μm). A polar granule is present, but the oocyst residuum and a micropyle are absent. The ovoid-shaped sporocysts are 16.1 (15.7-17.3) × 10.5 (15.7-17.3) μm and have a shape index of 1...
May 2018: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277728/draft-genome-sequence-of-an-extensively-drug-resistant-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-isolate-belonging-to-st644-isolated-from-a-footpad-infection-in-a-magellanic-penguin-spheniscus-magellanicus
#6
Fábio P Sellera, Miriam R Fernandes, Quézia Moura, Tiago A Souza, Cristiane L Nascimento, Louise Cerdeira, Nilton Lincopan
OBJECTIVES: The incidence of multidrug-resistant bacteria in wildlife animals has been investigated to improve our knowledge of the spread of clinically relevant antimicrobial resistance genes. The aim of this study was to report the first draft genome sequence of an extensively drug-resistant (XDR) Pseudomonas aeruginosa ST644 isolate recovered from a Magellanic penguin with a footpad infection (bumblefoot) undergoing rehabilitation process. METHODS: The genome was sequenced on an Illumina NextSeq® platform using 150-bp paired-end reads...
March 2018: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187187/syndromic-surveillance-for-west-nile-virus-using-raptors-in-rehabilitation
#7
Alba Ana, M Perez Andrés, Ponder Julia, Puig Pedro, Wünschmann Arno, Vander Waal Kimberly, Alvarez Julio, Willette Michelle
BACKGROUND: Wildlife rehabilitation centers routinely gather health-related data from diverse species. Their capability to signal the occurrence of emerging pathogens and improve traditional surveillance remains largely unexplored. This paper assessed the utility for syndromic surveillance of raptors admitted to The Raptor Center (TRC) to signal circulation of West Nile Virus (WNV) in Minnesota between 1990 and 2014. An exhaustive descriptive analysis using grouping time series structures and models of interrupted times series was conducted for indicator subsets...
November 29, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124901/raccoon-roundworm-baylisascaris-procyonis-as-an-occupational-hazard-1-knowledge-of-b-procyonis-and-attitudes-towards-it-and-other-zoonoses-among-wildlife-rehabilitators
#8
S G H Sapp, B A Murray, E R Hoover, G T Green, M J Yabsley
Wildlife rehabilitators are at risk of zoonotic diseases because they often have prolonged contact with many species of wildlife and their bodily fluids. Raccoon roundworm (Baylisascaris procyonis) is a common zoonotic parasite of raccoons that has the potential to cause severe or fatal neurologic disease in a broad variety of hosts if the eggs within raccoon faeces are ingested. We administered an online survey to wildlife rehabilitators to assess their knowledge regarding aspects of transmission, biology and disease caused by B...
February 2018: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992055/amphotericin-b-concentrations-in-healthy-mallard-ducks-anas-platyrhynchos-following-a-single-intratracheal-dose-of-liposomal-amphotericin-b-using-an-atomizer
#9
Ashley Phillips, Christine V Fiorello, Rachel M Baden, Jack H Liu, Nathaniel C Burmas, Carlos A Ruvalcaba, Roger Monroy, F Charles Mohr, Ronette Gehring, Jean-Pierre Delplanque, Karl V Clemons, David A Stevens, Lisa A Tell
Aspergillosis is a fungal infection that primarily affects the respiratory tract. Amphotericin B has broad antifungal activity and is commonly used to treat aspergillosis, a fungal pneumonia that is a common sequela in oiled waterfowl as well as other birds in wildlife rehabilitation. Pharmacokinetic parameters of nebulized amphotericin B in an avian model have been reported, but those of direct intratracheal delivery have yet to be established. The objective of this study was to evaluate if a single 3 mg/kg dose of liposomal amphotericin B delivered intratracheally using a commercial atomizer would achieve plasma and lung tissue concentrations exceeding targeted minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) for Aspergillus species in adult mallard ducks (Anas platyrhynchos)...
August 3, 2017: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982020/streptococcus-phocae-in-marine-mammals-of-northeastern-pacific-and-arctic-canada-a-retrospective-analysis-of-85-postmortem-investigations
#10
Nicole D Taurisano, Brian P Butler, Diana Stone, Harry Hariharan, Paul J Fields, Hugh W Ferguson, Martin Haulena, Paul Cotrell, Ole Nielsen, Stephen Raverty
:  Streptococcus phocae is a pathogen of marine mammals, although its pathogenicity remains poorly understood. Recovery of this bacterium from asymptomatic carriers suggests that it is an opportunistic pathogen. We investigated the role of S. phocae in naturally occurring disease and its significance as a pathogen based on postmortem investigations. Between 2007 and 2012, 1,696 whole carcasses, tissue samples, or both were submitted from the northeastern Pacific and Arctic Canada for diagnostic testing. Streptococcus phocae was cultured from phocids ( n=66), otariids ( n=12), harbor porpoises ( Phocoena phocoena; n=5), and sea otters ( Enhydra lutris; n=2)...
January 2018: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939998/use-of-fish-telemetry-in-rehabilitation-planning-management-and-monitoring-in-areas-of-concern-in-the-laurentian-great-lakes
#11
J L Brooks, C Boston, S Doka, D Gorsky, K Gustavson, D Hondorp, D Isermann, J D Midwood, T C Pratt, A M Rous, J L Withers, C C Krueger, S J Cooke
Freshwater ecosystems provide many ecosystem services; however, they are often degraded as a result of human activity. To address ecosystem degradation in the Laurentian Great Lakes, Canada and the United States of America established the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement (GLWQA). In 1987, 43 highly polluted and impacted areas were identified under the GLWQA as having one or more of 14 Beneficial Use Impairments (BUIs) to the physical and chemical habitat for fish, wildlife and humans, and were designated as Areas of Concern (AOC)...
December 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902964/plasmatic-coagulation-and-fibrinolysis-in-healthy-and-otostrongylus-affected-northern-elephant-seals-mirounga-angustirostris
#12
Sarrah Kaye, Shawn Johnson, Carlos Rios, Daniel J Fletcher
BACKGROUND: Prepatent Otostrongylus arteritis results in hemorrhagic diathesis in free-ranging Northern elephant seals (Mirounga angustirostris) attributed to aberrant larval migration of the lungworm, Otostrongylus circumlitus. Clinical signs are often nonspecific, including lethargy, anorexia, and blepharospasm, but can progress to spontaneous frank hemorrhage and death within 72 hours of onset. Previously published case reports describe coagulopathy with prolonged PT and APTT, normal to elevated platelet counts, normal antithrombin concentrations, and low concentrations of fibrinogen degradation products...
December 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749287/hematologic-and-plasma-biochemical-values-of-cinereous-vulture-aegypius-monachus
#13
Seong H Seok, Dong H Jeong, Se J Park, Seung Y Lee, Hee C Lee, Seong C Yeon
The aim of this study was to establish hematologic and plasma biochemical reference intervals for clinically healthy cinereous vultures ( Aegypius monachus ) in a rehabilitation setting before release. Animals used in this study were cinereous vultures hospitalized in a wildlife center located in the province of Gyeongsangnam-do, the Republic of Korea. Blood samples were collected from 31 cinereous vultures before their release between 2011 and 2014 at the Gyeongnam Wildlife Center. Complete blood count and plasma biochemical analyses were performed within 2 hr of the blood sampling...
June 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719647/morbidity-outcomes-and-cost-benefit-analysis-of-wildlife-rehabilitation-in-catalonia-spain
#14
Rafael Angel Molina-López, Santi Mañosa, Alex Torres-Riera, Manel Pomarol, Laila Darwich
BACKGROUND: There are few studies of careful examination of wildlife casualties in Wildlife Rehabilitation Centers. These studies are essential for detecting menaces to wild species and providing objective criteria about cost-benefit of treatments in those centers. The release rate is considered the main outcome indicator, but other parameters such as length of stay at the center and a cost-benefit index expressed as number of released animals per euro and day, could be used as reliable estimators of the rehabilitation costs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703699/a-high-prevalence-of-beak-and-feather-disease-virus-in-non-psittacine-australian-birds
#15
Jemima Amery-Gale, Marc S Marenda, Jane Owens, Paul A Eden, Glenn F Browning, Joanne M Devlin
PURPOSE: Beak and feather disease virus (BFDV) is a circovirus and the cause of psittacine beak and feather disease (PBFD). This disease is characterized by feather and beak deformities and is a recognized threat to endangered Psittaciformes (parrots and cockatoos). The role that non-psittacine birds may play as reservoirs of infection is unclear. This study aimed to begin addressing this gap in our knowledge of PBFD. METHODOLOGY: Liver samples were collected from birds presented to the Australian Wildlife Health Centre at Zoos Victoria's Healesville Sanctuary for veterinary care between December 2014 and December 2015, and tested for BFDV DNA using polymerase chain reaction coupled with sequencing and phylogenetic analyses...
July 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665257/morphological-and-molecular-assessment-of-pentastomes-from-gulls-in-portugal
#16
Ivan Literák, María Casero, Božena Koubková, Miroslav Těšínský, Petr Heneberg
During 2016, 153 gulls, including 64 Larus fuscus and 89 Larus michahellis, were found crippled in south Portugal. They died in Wildlife Rehabilitation and Investigation Center-RIAS and were necropsied. Reighardia sternae infected 2 (3%, n = 64) L. fuscus and 4 (4%, n = 89) L. michahellis. Molecular analysis confirmed the morphological identification on the basis of total body length, maximum body width, length of anterior and posterior hooks, total length of oral apparatus, and other features of oral apparatus of R...
October 2017: Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635047/feeding-asian-pangolins-an-assessment-of-current-diets-fed-in-institutions-worldwide
#17
Francis Cabana, Amy Plowman, Thai Van Nguyen, Shih-Chien Chin, Sung-Lin Wu, Hsuan-Yi Lo, Hirofumi Watabe, Fujio Yamamoto
Pangolins are ant specialists which are under intense threat from the illegal wildlife trade. Nutrition has notoriously been their downfall in captivity and is still an issue in regards to rescue and rehabilitation. We analyzed the nutrient content of diets used by institutions that are successfully keeping Asian pangolins and to assess the variety of the ingredients and nutrients, compared these with the nutritional requirements of potential nutritional model species. We performed intake studies at five institutions and also had data from three other institutions...
July 2017: Zoo Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616507/the-first-report-of-escherichia-fergusonii-isolated-from-non-human-primates-in-africa
#18
Barbara Glover, Jeanette Wentzel, Akinbowale Jenkins, Moritz Van Vuuren
The aim of this study was to determine the resistance phenotypes of selected enteric bacteria isolated from non-human primates at a wildlife-human interface. Bacterial isolates from faecal samples of non-human primates at two wildlife rehabilitation centres in South Africa were screened for the presence of Escherichia coli. The biochemical characterisation of E. coli and E. coli-like bacteria revealed both adonitol positive and sorbitol negative strains - a unique characteristic of Escherichia fergusonii and Escherichia coli K99...
June 2017: One Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559122/reprint-of-overview-of-avian-toxicity-studies-for-the-deepwater-horizon-natural-resource-damage-assessment
#19
S J Bursian, C R Alexander, D Cacela, F L Cunningham, K M Dean, B S Dorr, C K Ellis, C A Godard-Codding, C G Guglielmo, K C Hanson-Dorr, K E Harr, K A Healy, M J Hooper, K E Horak, J P Isanhart, L V Kennedy, J E Link, I Maggini, J K Moye, C R Perez, C A Pritsos, S A Shriner, K A Trust, P L Tuttle
The Oil Pollution Act of 1990 establishes liability for injuries to natural resources because of the release or threat of release of oil. Assessment of injury to natural resources resulting from an oil spill and development and implementation of a plan for the restoration, rehabilitation, replacement or acquisition of natural resources to compensate for those injuries is accomplished through the Natural Resource Damage Assessment (NRDA) process. The NRDA process began within a week of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, which occurred on April 20, 2010...
December 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528317/levels-of-blood-lead-in-griffon-vultures-from-a-wildlife-rehabilitation-center-in-spain
#20
Fernando González, Irene López, Laura Suarez, Virginia Moraleda, Casilda Rodríguez
Lead is considered a highly toxic contaminant with important impacts to bird wildlife. Griffon vultures (Gyps fulvus) are a sensitive indicator of the level of environmental contamination due to their position at the top of the food chain and their dependence on human activities. The aim of this study was to assess susceptibility to lead intoxication in Griffon vultures admitted to Wildlife Rehabilitation Centers (WRC), measuring blood lead levels and determining if blood lead concentrations are related to clinical signs, hematological, biochemical or radiographic findings...
September 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
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