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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790785/mental-health-trajectories-among-women-in-australia-as-they-age
#1
Thach Tran, Karin Hammarberg, Joanne Ryan, Judy Lowthian, Rosanne Freak-Poli, Alice Owen, Maggie Kirkman, Andrea Curtis, Heather Rowe, Helen Brown, Stephanie Ward, Carlene Britt, Jane Fisher
OBJECTIVES: To ascertain the trajectories of mental health among women in Australia assessed in repeat waves from their early 70 s to the end of their lives or their mid 80 s. METHOD: Secondary analysis of data contributed by the 1921-26 cohort of the Australian Longitudinal Study of Women's Health Waves 1-6. Primary outcome was the 4-item SF-36 Vitality Subscale, which assesses mental health as life satisfaction, social participation, energy and enthusiasm. Structural, individual and intermediary factors were assessed using study-specific and standardised measures...
May 23, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789797/impact-of-static-magnetic-field-on-the-antioxidant-defence-system-of-mice-fibroblasts
#2
Marek Glinka, Stanisław Gawron, Aleksander Sieroń, Katarzyna Pawłowska-Góral, Grzegorz Cieślar, Karolina Sieroń
Results of research assessing the biological impact of static magnetic fields are controversial. So far, they have not provided a clear answer to their influence on cell functioning. Since the use of permanent magnets both in everyday life and in industry becomes more and more widespread, the investigations are continued in order to explain these controversies and to evaluate positive applications. The goal of current work was to assess the impact of static magnetic field of different intensities on redox homeostasis in cultures of fibroblasts...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789774/pilot-study-of-dose-response-effects-of-exercise-on-change-in-c-reactive-protein-cortisol-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-cancer-survivors
#3
Jeanette M Ricci, Victoria Flores, Isabela Kuroyama, Arash Asher, Heather P Tarleton
Fatigue, stress, and depression contribute to poor health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among cancer survivors. This study examined the effects of combined aerobic and resistance training (CART) on HRQoL and biomarkers of stress. Cancer survivors ( n  = 76, 91% female, 39% breast cancer, 32% gynecologic cancer) were enrolled in CART for three 60-min sessions, weekly, for 26 weeks. Participants completed the National Institutes of Health's Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (NIH PROMIS) fatigue assessment and the SF-36...
2018: BioResearch Open Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788961/relationships-among-medication-adherence-lifestyle-modification-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Yu-Mi Lee, Rock Bum Kim, Hey Jean Lee, Keonyeop Kim, Min-Ho Shin, Hyeung-Keun Park, Soon-Ki Ahn, So Young Kim, Young-Hoon Lee, Byoung-Gwon Kim, Heeyoung Lee, Won Kyung Lee, Kun Sei Lee, Mi-Ji Kim, Ki-Soo Park
BACKGROUND: The healthy adherer effect is a phenomenon in which patients who adhere to medical therapies tend to pursue health-seeking behaviors. Although the healthy adherer effect is supposed to affect health outcomes in patients with coronary artery disease, evaluation of its presence and extent is not easy. This study aimed to assess the relationship between medication adherence and lifestyle modifications and health-related quality of life among post-acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients...
May 22, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788506/experiences-and-career-intentions-of-combat-deployed-uk-military-personnel
#5
R Morris-Butler, N Jones, N Greenberg, B Campion, S Wessely
Background: Most studies of the psychological impact of military deployment focus on the negative and traumatic aspects. Less is known about the full range of deployment experiences nor how these may impact on career intentions. Aims: To examine subjective operational experiences and career intentions in deployed UK military personnel using data gathered toward the end of an operational deployment. Methods: Data were gathered during deployment in Iraq and Afghanistan...
May 17, 2018: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788126/characterizing-the-acute-heat-stress-response-in-gilts-ii-assessing-repeatability-and-association-with-fertility
#6
Kody L Graves, Jacob T Seibert, Aileen F Keating, Lance H Baumgard, Jason W Ross
Mitigating heat stress (HS) in swine production is important as it detrimentally affects multiple aspects of overall animal production efficiency. Study objectives were to determine if gilts characterized as tolerant (TOL) or susceptible (SUS) in response to HS maintain that phenotype later in life and if that phenotype influences reproductive ability during HS. Individual gilts identified as TOL (n = 50) or SUS (n = 50) from a prepubertal HS challenge were selected based on their rectal temperature (TR) during acute HS...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785533/stressful-life-events-adhd-symptoms-and-brain-structure-in-early-adolescence
#7
Kathryn L Humphreys, Emily L Watts, Emily L Dennis, Lucy S King, Paul M Thompson, Ian H Gotlib
Despite a growing understanding that early adversity in childhood broadly affects risk for psychopathology, the contribution of stressful life events to the development of symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is not clear. In the present study, we examined the association between number of stressful life events experienced and ADHD symptoms, assessed using the Attention Problems subscale of the Child Behavior Checklist, in a sample of 214 children (43% male) ages 9.11-13.98 years (M = 11...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785188/electroacupuncture-ameliorates-cognitive-deficit-and-improves-hippocampal-synaptic-plasticity-in-adult-rat-with-neonatal-maternal-separation
#8
Lili Guo, Ximin Liang, Zhanmou Liang, Xilin Liu, Jiang He, Yuanjia Zheng, Lin Yao, Yongjun Chen
Exposure to adverse early-life events is thought to be the risk factors for the development of psychiatric and altered cognitive function in adulthood. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether electroacupuncture (EA) treatment in young adult rat would improve impaired cognitive function and synaptic plasticity in adult rat with neonatal maternal separation (MS). Wistar rats were randomly divided into four groups: control group, MS group, MS with EA treatment (MS + EA) group, and MS with Sham-EA treatment (MS + Sham-EA) group...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785098/sarcopenia-assessment-of-disease-burden-and-strategies-to-improve-outcomes
#9
REVIEW
Ilaria Liguori, Gennaro Russo, Luisa Aran, Giulia Bulli, Francesco Curcio, David Della-Morte, Gaetano Gargiulo, Gianluca Testa, Francesco Cacciatore, Domenico Bonaduce, Pasquale Abete
Life expectancy is increasing worldwide, with a resultant increase in the elderly population. Aging is characterized by the progressive loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength - a phenomenon called sarcopenia. Sarcopenia has a complex multifactorial pathogenesis, which involves not only age-related changes in neuromuscular function, muscle protein turnover, and hormone levels and sensitivity, but also a chronic pro-inflammatory state, oxidative stress, and behavioral factors - in particular, nutritional status and degree of physical activity...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781650/randomized-controlled-trial-of-secondstory-an-intervention-targeting-posttraumatic-growth-with-bereaved-adults
#10
Ann Marie Roepke, Eli Tsukayama, Marie Forgeard, Laura Blackie, Eranda Jayawickreme
OBJECTIVE: People often report positive psychological changes after adversity, a phenomenon known as posttraumatic growth (PTG). Few PTG-focused interventions have been rigorously tested, and measurement strategies have had significant limitations. This study evaluated the effects of a new group-format psychosocial intervention, SecondStory, aimed at facilitating PTG by helping participants make meaning of the past and plan a purposeful future. METHOD: In a randomized controlled trial, adults (N = 112, 64% women) bereaved within 5 years were randomly assigned to SecondStory or an active control, expressive writing...
June 2018: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781628/early-life-stress-impairs-contextual-threat-expression-in-female-but-not-male-mice
#11
Gabriela Manzano-Nieves, Mizan Gaillard, Meghan Gallo, Kevin G Bath
Early life stress (ELS) is associated with altered processing of threat signals, and increased lifetime risk of anxiety and affective pathology, disorders that disproportionately affect females. We tested the impact of a limited bedding paradigm of ELS (from P4-11) on contextual threat learning, context memory, footshock sensitivity, and anxietylike behavior, in adult male and female mice. To examine contextual threat learning, mice conditioned by context/footshock association were tested 24 hr later for the context memory...
May 21, 2018: Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781379/innovative-curriculum-integrating-the-bio-behavioral-and-social-science-principles-across-the-lifestages-in-basic-science-years
#12
Anuradha Lele Mookerjee, Bradford D Fischer, Susan Cavanaugh, Vijay Rajput
Behavioral and social science integration in clinical practice improves health outcomes across the life stages. The medical school curriculum requires an integration of the behavioral and social science principles in early medical education. We developed and delivered a four-week course entitled "LifeStages" to the first year medical students. The learning objectives of the bio-behavioral and social science principles along with the cultural, economic, political, and ethical parameters were integrated across the lifespan in the curriculum matrix...
May 20, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778832/glucocorticoid-metabolites-in-newborns-a-marker-for-traffic-noise-related-stress
#13
Manuella Lech Cantuaria, Jakob Usemann, Elena Proietti, Victoria Blanes-Vidal, Bernhard Dick, Christa E Flück, Simone Rüedi, Harris Héritier, Jean-Marc Wunderli, Philipp Latzin, Urs Frey, Martin Röösli, Danielle Vienneau
BACKGROUND: Traffic noise has been associated with an increased risk for several non-auditory health effects, which may be explained by a noise-induced release of stress hormones (e.g. glucocorticoids). Although several studies in children and adults have indicated an increased secretion of glucocorticoids after exposure to noise, information regarding newborns is scarce. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between residential exposure to road traffic noise and postnatal stress response, as assessed by the concentration of glucocorticoids at five weeks of age...
May 17, 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778671/international-study-of-comparative-health-effectiveness-with-medical-and-invasive-approaches-ischemia-trial-rationale-and-design
#14
David J Maron, Judith S Hochman, Sean M O'Brien, Harmony R Reynolds, William E Boden, Gregg W Stone, Sripal Bangalore, John A Spertus, Daniel B Mark, Karen P Alexander, Leslee Shaw, Jeffrey S Berger, T Bruce Ferguson, David O Williams, Robert A Harrington, Yves Rosenberg
BACKGROUND: Prior trials comparing a strategy of optimal medical therapy with or without revascularization have not shown that revascularization reduces cardiovascular events in patients with stable ischemic heart disease (SIHD). However, those trials only included participants in whom coronary anatomy was known prior to randomization and did not include sufficient numbers of participants with significant ischemia. It remains unknown whether a routine invasive approach offers incremental value over a conservative approach with catheterization reserved for failure of medical therapy in patients with moderate or severe ischemia...
April 21, 2018: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777747/social-environment-as-a-factor-affecting-exploration-and-learning-in-pre-juvenile-rats
#15
Klaudia Modlinska, Rafał Stryjek, Anna Chrzanowska, Wojciech Pisula
Stress associated with social isolation in early life can lead to disturbances in the emotional regulation in adult rats. However, there are no reports on the impact of isolation from the mother while providing contact with peers. Under such conditions, young individuals have the opportunity to interact with others, are able to develop social behaviour, etc. Yet, there is no stimulation and care provided by the mother. We examined the relative impact of maternal contact and sibling contact in the rarely studied pre-juvenile (3rd and 4th week post birth) period on subsequent development...
May 16, 2018: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776731/comorbidity-in-illness-induced-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-versus-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-due-to-external-events-in-a-nationally-representative-study
#16
Jordana L Sommer, Natalie Mota, Donald Edmondson, Renée El-Gabalawy
OBJECTIVE: The current study compared physical and mental health characteristics and quality of life of illness-induced posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) versus those with PTSD due to external traumatic events in a population-based sample. METHOD: PTSD was assessed with the Alcohol Use Disorder and Associated Disabilities Interview Schedule (AUDADIS-5) using DSM-5 criteria in the 2012-2013 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Participants with past-year PTSD (n = 1779) were categorized into two groups: illness-induced (6...
May 10, 2018: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776482/does-pain-intensity-matter-the-relation-between-coping-and-quality-of-life-in-pediatric-patients-with-chronic-pain
#17
Alexis K Yetwin, Nicole E Mahrer, Cindy John, Jeffrey I Gold
PURPOSE: Chronic pain is a complex and debilitating chronic health condition that negatively impacts a child's daily function. Previous investigations of coping behaviors in youth with chronic illness have suggested that secondary control/accommodative coping may be more adaptive than primary control/active coping or disengagement/passive coping. However, studies have not considered how pain intensity may change the effect of various coping strategies on functioning in this pediatric population...
May 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776353/depression-and-its-psychosocial-risk-factors-in-pregnant-kenyan-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-study-in-a-community-health-centre-of-nairobi
#18
Judith Osok, Pius Kigamwa, Ann Vander Stoep, Keng-Yen Huang, Manasi Kumar
BACKGROUND: Adolescent pregnancies within urban resource-deprived settlements predispose young girls to adverse mental health and psychosocial adversities, notably depression. Depression in sub-Saharan Africa is a leading contributor to years lived with disability (YLD). The study's objective was to determine the prevalence of depression and related psychosocial risks among pregnant adolescents reporting at a maternal and child health clinic in Nairobi, Kenya. METHODS: A convenient sample of 176 pregnant adolescents attending antenatal clinic in Kangemi primary healthcare health facility participated in the study...
May 18, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775080/mindfulness-meditation-and-interprofessional-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-a-mixed-methods-pilot-study
#19
Diana J Kelm, Jennifer L Ridgeway, Becca L Gas, Monali Mohan, David A Cook, Darlene R Nelson, Roberto P Benzo
PROBLEM: Mindfulness training includes mindfulness meditation, which has been shown to improve both attention and self-awareness. Medical providers in the intensive care unit often deal with difficult situations with strong emotions, life-and-death decisions, and both interpersonal and interprofessional conflicts. The effect of mindfulness meditation training on healthcare providers during acute care tasks such as cardiopulmonary resuscitation remains unknown. Mindfulness meditation has the potential to improve provider well-being and reduce stress in individuals involved in resuscitation teams, which could then translate into better team communication and delivery of care under stress...
May 18, 2018: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774495/associations-among-early-life-stress-rumination-symptoms-of-psychopathology-and-sex-in-youth-in-the-early-stages-of-puberty-a-moderated-mediation-analysis
#20
Joelle LeMoult, Kathryn L Humphreys, Lucy S King, Natalie L Colich, Alexandria N Price, Sarah J Ordaz, Ian H Gotlib
Despite the high prevalence and substantial costs of early life stress (ELS), the mechanisms through which ELS confers risk for psychopathology are poorly understood, particularly among youth who are in an earlier stage of the transition through puberty. We sought to advance our understanding of the link between ELS and psychopathology by testing whether rumination mediates the relation between ELS and symptoms of psychopathology in youth in the early stages of puberty, and whether sex moderates this mediation...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
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