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orchiopexy review

Kate B Savoie, Marielena Bachier-Rodriguez, Elleson Schurtz, Elizabeth A Tolley, Dana Giel, Alexander Feliz
OBJECTIVE: To assess regional practices in management of cryptorchidism with regard to timely fixation by the current recommended age of 18 months. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study was performed. Charts of all patients who underwent surgical correction for cryptorchidism by a pediatric general surgeon or urologist within a tertiary pediatric hospital in an urban setting were systematically reviewed. RESULTS: We identified 1209 patients with cryptorchidism...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
Ali Naycı, Gökhan Berktuğ Bahadır, Cankat Erdoğan, Hakan Taşkınlar
OBJECTIVE: To assess gubernaculum-sparing laparoscopic one-stage Fowler-Stephens orchiopexy (FSO), in the management of high intrapelvic testis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Medical reports of boys who underwent laparoscopic one-stage FSO were retrospectively reviewed. High intrapelvic testis was defined as testis ≥3 cm away from ipsilateral internal ring. Testes were evaluated on physical examination at 3(rd), 6(th) and 18(th) months after surgery. Children were evaluated as for their demographic data, operative findings, interventional details and outcomes...
March 2017: Turkish Journal of Urology
Shareena Lala, Neil Price, Vipul Upadhyay
BACKGROUND: Previous reviews report relatively low rates of post-operative complications for acute scrotal exploration. The aim of this study was to evaluate the re-presentation to hospital in boys with previous acute scrotal pathology, reviewing contralateral symptoms, post-operative complications, testicular torsion following fixation and failure of conservative management of testicular appendage (TA) torsion. METHODS: All boys under 16 years presenting to our unit with an acute scrotum from January 2008 to December 2012 (5-year period) were identified...
February 27, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
John E Kehoe, Matthew S Christman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Testicular remnants or nubbins are commonly found in the evaluation and treatment of cryptorchidism. While much debate focuses on the management of the nubbin itself, there is also great uncertainty and variation in the management of the contralateral descended testis. Herein, we review the relevant literature informing the decision to perform a contralateral orchiopexy. RECENT FINDINGS: Although there is very little recent literature directly addressing the question, some studies have better characterized differences in practice, the risk of intravaginal torsion in the contralateral testis and potential consequences in the selection of technique...
February 2017: Current Urology Reports
Chrysanthi Batistaki, Evagelia Kaminiotis, Thomas Papadimos, Georgia Kostopanagiotou
OBJECTIVES: The effect of dexamethasone on analgesic consumption has not been adequately studied. The aim of this review was to investigate recent literature regarding the possible effect of dexamethasone on postoperative analgesic consumption. METHODS: Critical review of randomized trials, and prospective consecutive studies, investigating the post-operative analgesic effect of dexamethasone was performed. Only studies published during 2006-2015 were included. RESULTS: Forty-one studies met the inclusion criteria; 33 in adults and 8 in children (9 in general surgery, 8 in gynecological/breast surgery, 8 in orthopedic/spinal surgery, 8 in head/neck surgery, 7 in children's tonsillectomy, and 1 in children's orchiopexy)...
February 7, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
Amihay Nevo, Roy Mano, Bezalel Sivan, David Ben-Meir
OBJECTIVE: To describe the incidence of missed diagnosis and delayed presentation in children with testicular torsion, and to identify associated risk factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical records of all children over 1 month of age diagnosed with testicular torsion between 2008 and 2014 were reviewed. Data pertaining to patient characteristics and treatment outcome were collected. Orchiectomy was categorized as caused by either delayed presentation or missed diagnosis...
December 29, 2016: Urology
Alireza Alam, Joan C Delto, Ruben Blachman-Braun, George Wayne, Angela G Mittal, Miguel Castellan, Kristin Kozakowski, Andrew Labbie, Rafael Gosalbez
OBJECTIVE: To compare single-stage laparoscopic orchiopexy (SSLO) and staged Fowler-Stephens (SFS) procedures in the management of intra-abdominal undescended testes, and to analyze postoperative atrophy and malpositioning as end points. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective chart review identified laparoscopic orchiopexy patients with intra-abdominal testes between November 2006 and November 2014. Of 167 patients who had laparoscopic orchiopexy, 73 (85 testes) were identified as having laparoscopic orchiopexy...
November 11, 2016: Urology
David I Chu, Stephen A Zderic, Aseem R Shukla, Arun K Srinivasan, Gregory E Tasian, Dana A Weiss, Christopher J Long, Douglas A Canning, Thomas F Kolon
PURPOSE: The main indications for adolescent varicocelectomy are testicular hypotrophy or pain. However, we have previously shown that both serial total testicular volume and volume differential are weakly associated with semen quality. The ultimate patient goal is paternity, but semen analysis is critical to appropriate management of varicocele. We hypothesize that varicocelectomy improves total motile count (TMC) among patients who only have abnormal semen analysis (SA) parameters, but not among those with potential hormonal dysfunction such as Klinefelter syndrome or cryptorchidism...
February 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Furan Wang, Hongji Zhong, Junfeng Zhao
INTRODUCTION: Ascending testis (AT) is a rare complication after repair of an inguinal hernia/hydrocele. However, there has been some controversy concerning the AT following laparoscopic and open procedures. OBJECTIVE: To review the experience of, and discuss the associated mechanisms with, testicular ascent after pediatric inguinal hernia/hydrocele surgery. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review of the medical records of male children who underwent inguinal hernia/hydrocele repair at the present hospital between January 2000 and December 2014...
February 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Christopher E Bayne, Patrick T Gomella, John M DiBianco, Tanya D Davis, Hans G Pohl, H G Rushton
PURPOSE: We examined testicular torsion presentation and referral trends at our institution before and after pediatric urology subspecialty certification. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed patients with testicular torsion presenting directly to our pediatric hospital emergency department ("direct") or transferred urgently from an outside institution ("referred") who underwent detorsion and orchiopexy or orchiectomy between 2005 and 2015. Presentations were considered acute (less than 24 hours) or delayed (24 hours or greater) based on time from symptom onset...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Urology
Shaoguang Feng, Huajun Yang, Xiang Li, Junjia Yang, Jie Zhang, Aihe Wang, Xin-He Lai, Yuhui Qiu
PURPOSE: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare the efficacy and safety between single-incision, transscrotal orchidopexy, and the traditional inguinal orchidopexy in children. METHODS: A systematic search of the electronic databases was conducted to identify studies compared the transscrotal orchidopexy (SO) and inguinal orchidopexy (IO) for children. Parameters, such as operative time, the incidence of patent processus vaginalis, and postoperative complications, including wound infection, testicular atrophy, testicular reascent, hernia, or hydrocele, were pooled and compared by meta-analysis...
October 2016: Pediatric Surgery International
John Michael Dibianco, Dana Point, Chad Morley, Stanley Zaslau, Osama Al-Omar
OBJECTIVE: To determine the age of pediatric patients who underwent surgical intervention for undescended testicles (UDT) at our institution. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all pediatric patients who underwent orchiopexy and/or diagnostic laparoscopy for undescended or non-palpable testicles with our pediatric urologist from January 2013-March 2014. Patients were separated into those undergoing surgical intervention at 6-12 months, 13-24 months, 25-48 months, and >48 months of age...
July 2016: West Virginia Medical Journal
Ghadir Elias-Assad, Marwan Elias, Hannah Kanety, Asher Pressman, Yardena Tenenbaum-Rakover
Persistent Müllerian duct syndrome (PMDS) is a rare genetic disorder of male internal sexual development defined as lack of regression of Müllerian derivatives in the 46XY male with normally virilized external genitalia and unilateral or bilateral cryptorchidism. Approximately 85% of all cases are caused by mutations in genes encoding anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) or its receptor (AMHR2) with autosomal recessive transmission. This condition is frequently diagnosed incidentally, during surgical repair of inguinal hernia or cryptorchidism...
June 2016: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews: PER
Jerzy K Niedzielski, Elżbieta Oszukowska, Jolanta Słowikowska-Hilczer
The best mode of undescended testis (UDT) treatment remains controversial. However, knowledge gained from randomized controlled studies and meta-analyses allowed different groups of researchers to set out guidelines on management of patients with UDT. The authors reviewed recent literature and came to the following conclusions: (1) Hormonal treatment is not recommended, considering both the immediate results (only 15-20% of retained testes descend) and the possible long-term adverse effects on spermatogenesis...
June 1, 2016: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
Jonathan S Ellison, Margarett Shnorhavorian, Paul A Merguerian, Richard Grady
BACKGROUND: Inguinal hernias are common in the bladder exstrophy population. As these hernias may present with incarceration following bladder closure, several groups recommend inguinal exploration and hernia repair at the time of initial bladder closure. However, the benefits of such an approach are not well defined. In 2006, we modified our approach to this condition by routinely performing concomitant inguinal herniorraphy (CIH) repair at the time of initial exstrophy repair. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that simultaneous inguinal hernia repair will be safe and effective in reducing subsequent unplanned inguinal procedures in this high-risk group...
August 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Nishant Patel, Michael Santomauro, Sarah Marietti, George Chiang
PURPOSE: To describe our experience utilizing Laparoendoscopic single site (LESS) surgery in pediatric urology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective chart review was performed on LESS urologic procedures from November 2009 through March 2013. A total of 44 patients underwent 54 procedures including: nephrectomy (23), orchiopexy (14), varicocelectomy (9), orchiectomy (2), urachal cyst excision (3), and antegrade continence enema (3) (ACE). RESULTS: Median patient age was 6...
March 2016: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
Roberto Iglesias Lopes, Naimet Kamal Naoum, Michael Erlano Chua, Thomas Canil, Joana Dos Santos, Walid A Farhat
PURPOSE: Redo orchiopexy after previous surgery is technically challenging and requires skills and care to ensure preservation of cord structures. We report our experience with redo orchiopexy in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients who had undergone redo orchiopexy between January 2004 and May 2015. Variables evaluated included primary procedure, type of redo procedure, operative time, shift of surgical route, operative and postoperative complications, and testicular location at last followup...
September 2016: Journal of Urology
Ilan Gielchinsky, Efrat Suraqui, Guy Hidas, Mohammad Zuaiter, Ezekial H Landau, Alexander Simon, Mordechai Duvdevani, Ofer N Gofrit, Dov Pode, Shilo Rosenberg
PURPOSE: To our knowledge the effect of testicular torsion on the pregnancy rate is unknown. In this study we focused on the pregnancy rate, which is the ultimate index of fertility status. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed the records of 273 patients who presented to our emergency room with testicular torsion between 1994 and 2014. Study inclusion criteria included being in a relationship with the intent to conceive for at least 1 year, age greater than 25 years and a normal contralateral testis...
September 2016: Journal of Urology
Federica Pederiva, Edoardo Guida, Daniela Codrich, Maria G Scarpa, Damiana Olenik, Jurgen Schleef
BACKGROUND: Increased infertility and smaller volume accompany undescended testis. Timing of orchiopexy is still a matter of debate. We evaluated the growth of non-palpable testes after laparoscopic orchiopexy according to age at surgery, intraoperative findings and type of procedure. METHODS: Forty-one boys undergoing laparoscopy for nonpalpable testes were retrospectively reviewed and divided into two groups, ≤18 months and >18 months, according to their age at surgery...
August 2016: Minerva Pediatrica
Yasuhiro Yamada, Yasuyuki Naitoh, Kenichi Kobayashi, Atsuko Fujihara, Kazuyoshi Johnin, Fumiya Hongo, Yoshio Naya, Kazumi Kamoi, Koji Okihara, Akihiro Kawauchi, Tsuneharu Miki
BACKGROUND: Laparoendoscopic single-site surgery (LESS) was performed for 31 cases of pediatric urologic disease in our department. OBJECTIVE: A retrospective chart review was performed on pediatric patients who underwent LESS. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Procedures included pyeloplasty (21), nephrectomy (4), varicocele ligation (3), orchiectomy (1), orchiopexy (1), and removal of female genitalia (1). In all 31 cases, an incision of 15 to 20 mm was made in the umbilical region, and a port for LESS was put in place...
January 2016: Journal of Endourology
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