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Psycho Oncology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665805/determinants-of-illness-specific-social-support-and-its-relation-to-distress-in-long-term-melanoma-survivors
#1
Sabine Fischbeck, Veronika Weyer-Elberich, Sylke R Zeissig, Barbara H Imruck, Maria Blettner, Harald Binder, Manfred E Beutel
BACKGROUND: Social support is considered to be one of the most important resources for coping with cancer. However, social interactions may also be detrimental, e. g. disappointing or discouraging. The present study explored: 1. the extent of illness-specific positive aspects of social support and detrimental interactions in melanoma survivors, 2. their relationships to mental health characteristics (e. g. distress, quality of life, fatigue, coping processes, and dispositional optimism) and 3...
April 17, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656415/focusing-on-cancer-patients-intentions-to-use-psycho-oncological-support-a-longitudinal-mixed-methods-study
#2
T Tondorf, A Grossert, S I Rothschild, M T Koller, C Rochlitz, A Kiss, R Schaefert, G Meinlschmidt, S Hunziker, D Zwahlen
OBJECTIVE: Distress screening programs aim to ensure appropriate psycho-oncological support for cancer patients, but many eligible patients do not use these services. To improve distress management, we need to better understand patients' supportive care needs. In this paper, we report the first key finding from a longitudinal study that focused on patients' intentions to use psycho-oncological support, and its association with distress and uptake of the psycho-oncology service. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, observational study in an Oncology Outpatient Clinic and assessed distress, intention to use psycho-oncological support, and uptake of the psycho-oncology service using the Distress Thermometer (DT), a semi-structured interview, and hospital records...
April 15, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651511/-follow-up-care-for-gastrointestinal-tumors
#3
M Ebert
The follow-up care of patients with gastrointestinal cancer is poorly defined. Prospective trials showing that regular follow-up care is advantageous are largely lacking. Follow-up is primarily based on symptom evaluation, as well as on an assessment of nutritional status and the need for psycho-oncological care. Whereas the evidence for regular endoscopic follow-up is well defined in early cancers, the role of follow-up care in advanced cancers is less well defined. This deficit is mainly due to the lack of therapeutic consequences in the case of recurrence...
April 12, 2018: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644783/prevalence-of-mental-disorders-and-psychosocial-distress-in-german-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-patients-aya
#4
Kristina Geue, Elmar Brähler, Hermann Faller, Martin Härter, Holger Schulz, Joachim Weis, Uwe Koch, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Anja Mehnert
OBJECTIVE: This study provides prevalence data of mental disorders (four-week, one-year, lifetime) and psychological distress in AYAs with cancer. METHODS: We included an AYA-subsample (15 to 39 year olds; diagnosed within the last 5 years) extracted from a larger sample (4.020 cancer patients) who had been recruited for an epidemiological study across all major tumor entities. Participants were assessed with a depression screener (PHQ-9). Following that, 50% of the participants who scored below the cutoff of 9 and all patients who scored above were assessed using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview for Oncology (CIDI-O)...
April 12, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629696/non-pharmacological-interventions-for-pediatric-cancer-patients-a-comparative-review-and-emerging-needs-in-india
#5
Sujata Satapathy, Tanuja Kaushal, Sameer Bakhshi, Rakesh Kumar Chadda
CONTEXT: Evidence-based research on psycho-oncology in last three decades lays emphasis upon the critical role of psychological services for better illness adjustment, improved quality of life, reduced distress and cognitive problems among the rapidly increasing pediatric cancer population. JUSTIFICATION: This review aims to summarize the evidence-based psychological interventions in childhood cancer over the two decades and addresses the wide gap that existed between intervention studies worldwide and India, thus highlighting the need for research and appropriate services...
March 15, 2018: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594548/psychiatric-co-morbidity-distress-and-use-of-psycho-social-services-in-adult-glioma-patients-a-prospective-study
#6
Susanne Singer, Julia Roick, Helge Danker, Rolf-Dieter Kortmann, Kirsten Papsdorf, Sabine Taubenheim, Mirjam Renovanz, Katja Jähne, Jürgen Meixensberger
BACKGROUND: Distress impacts the daily life of glioma patients. This study explored its course over time and the usage of psychosocial care. METHODS: A consecutive sample of glioma patients completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale to assess distress levels at admission to the hospital (t1), before discharge (t2), after 3 months (t3), and after 6 months (t4). They were interviewed with the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV to ascertain psychiatric disorders at t2...
March 29, 2018: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572576/integrated-behavioral-medicine-in-cancer-care-utilizing-a-training-program-model-to-provide-psychological-services-in-an-urban-cancer-center
#7
REVIEW
Elisabeth S Markman, David A Moore, Cori E McMahon
Psycho-oncology has come of age as its own unique subspecialty under the umbrella of oncology, vastly refining our knowledge regarding the psychosocial impact of cancer and fostering acceptance of the psychological underpinnings of the cancer experience, in turn improving the overall quality of cancer care. The importance of integrating psychological practice into the comprehensive treatment of cancer has become readily apparent, and psychosocial support services are increasing in quantity and breadth. It is the aim of this article to present a cogent argument for the proliferation of Integrated Behavioral Medicine (IBM) programs in both inpatient and outpatient clinical cancer treatment centers via an in-depth discussion of a successful IBM program including analysis of program structure, service delivery model and description of clinical services provided, and a longitudinal review of referral trends...
March 23, 2018: Current Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548301/psychological-issues-and-construction-of-the-mother-child-relationship-in-women-with-cancer-during-pregnancy-a-perspective-on-current-and-future-directions
#8
Federica Ferrari, Flavia Faccio, Fedro Peccatori, Gabriella Pravettoni
BACKGROUND: Cancer during pregnancy is a rare event. However, knowledge about treatment has progressed in recent years with improved maternal and neonatal outcomes. The number of women who decide to continue their pregnancy and undergo cancer treatment is increasing. MAIN BODY: Women face two critical events simultaneously; oncological illness and pregnancy, with different and conflicting emotions. In addition, the last trimester of gestation sets the ground for construction of the mother-child relationship, which is of great importance for the child's development...
March 16, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490114/jimmie-holland-and-the-development-of-psycho-oncology-in-africa
#9
Chioma C Asuzu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 28, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478572/-refusal-of-treatments-by-an-adult-cancer-patient
#10
Sarah Dauchy, Jean-Christophe Faivre, Véronique Block, Maude Metzger, Julia Salleron, Cécile Charles, Virginie Adam
INTRODUCTION: Refusal of treatment questions the treatment's adequacy as well as the quality of the care relationship. A rigorous analysis of these situations is necessary in order to respect the patient's fundamental right to decide for him/herself while preventing a potential loss of chance. This paper proposes practical guidelines for assessment and management of the refusal of treatment by adult cancer patients. METHODS: The French Association for Supportive Care in Cancer and the French Society for Psycho-Oncology formed a task force that applied a consensus methodology to draft guidelines...
March 2018: Bulletin du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478423/early-detection-and-successful-treatment-of-wernicke-s-encephalopathy-in-outpatients-without-the-complete-classic-triad-of-symptoms-who-attended-a-psycho-oncology-clinic
#11
Hideki Onishi, Mayumi Ishida, Iori Tanahashi, Takao Takahashi, Kenji Ikebuchi, Yoshitada Taji, Hisashi Kato, Tatsuo Akechi
OBJECTIVE: Wernicke's encephalopathy (WE) is a neuropsychiatric disorder caused by a thiamine deficiency. Although WE has been recognized in cancer patients, it can be overlooked because many patients do not exhibit symptoms that are typical of WE, such as delirium, ataxia, or ocular palsy. Furthermore, outpatients with WE who intermittently present at psycho-oncology clinics have not been described as far as we can ascertain. METHOD: This report describes two patients who did not exhibit the complete classic triad of symptoms among a series with cancer and WE, and who attended a psycho-oncology outpatient clinic...
February 26, 2018: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464801/herbal-medicine-for-depression-and-anxiety-a-systematic-review-with-assessment-of-potential-psycho-oncologic-relevance
#12
REVIEW
K Simon Yeung, Marisol Hernandez, Jun J Mao, Ingrid Haviland, Jyothirmai Gubili
Anxiety and depression are prevalent among cancer patients, with significant negative impact. Many patients prefer herbs for symptom relief to conventional medications which have limited efficacy/side effects. We identified single-herb medicines that may warrant further study in cancer patients. Our search included PubMed, Allied and Complementary Medicine, Embase, and Cochrane databases, selecting only single-herb randomized controlled trials between 1996 and 2016 in any population for data extraction, excluding herbs with known potential for interactions with cancer treatments...
February 21, 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462499/following-patient-pathways-to-psycho-oncological-treatment-identification-of-treatment-needs-by-clinical-staff-and-electronic-screening
#13
Fanny L Loth, V Meraner, Bernhard Holzner, Susanne Singer, Irene Virgolini, Eva M Gamper
OBJECTIVE: In this retrospective investigation of patient pathways to psycho-oncological treatment (POT) we compared the number of POT referrals before and after implementation of electronic screening for POT needs and investigated psychosocial predictors for POT wish at a nuclear medicine department. METHODS: We extracted medical chart information about number of referrals and extent of follow-up contacts. During standard referral (November 2014-October 2015), POT needs were identified by clinical staff only...
February 20, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453505/does-hope-matter-associations-among-self-reported-hope-anxiety-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-children-and-adolescents-with-cancer
#14
Ana Rita Martins, Carla Crespo, Ágata Salvador, Susana Santos, Carlos Carona, Maria Cristina Canavarro
This study aimed to examine the direct and indirect effects of hope on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) via anxiety of children/adolescents with cancer. We proposed to test if the mediation model was moderated by the child/adolescent's treatment status. The participants were 211 children/adolescents diagnosed with cancer, divided into two clinical groups according to treatment status: 97 patients on-treatment and 114 off-treatment. Self-reported questionnaires measured the youths' hope, anxiety, and HRQoL perceptions...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447419/fear-of-cancer-recurrence-a-practical-guide-for-clinicians
#15
REVIEW
Phyllis Butow, Louise Sharpe, Belinda Thewes, Jane Turner, Jemma Gilchrist, Jane Beith
With increasing cancer survival, fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) is becoming a prominent clinical issue. FCR is prevalent, distressing, and long-lasting, and can negatively impact patients' quality of life, use of health services, and adherence to follow-up recommendations. Novel targeted therapies may increase risk of FCR because of longer treatment duration and follow-up, increased prognostic precision, and omission of treatment based on genomic status. Oncologists can assess and screen for FCR using validated measures; provide adequate information about prognosis, signs and symptoms of recurrence, and behavioral strategies for risk reduction and follow-up; and warn patients and families that FCR may be an issue in survivorship...
January 15, 2018: Oncology (Williston Park, NY)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435699/psychosocial-benefits-of-fertility-preservation-for-young-cancer-patients
#16
Juliana Assi, Juliana Santos, Tatiana Bonetti, Paulo C Serafini, Eduardo L A Motta, Mauricio Barbour Chehin
PURPOSE: The risk of ovarian failure after radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy is a concern among oncologic women. There is no doubt regarding the psycho-emotional benefits of fertility preservation (FP) after a cancer diagnosis because concerns about biological conception are a source of anxiety and can even affect the patient's cancer recovery. The aim of this study was to evaluate oncology patients' feelings, concerns, and life quality impacts related to FP. METHODS: This qualitative cross-sectional study was based on a questionnaire administered to a selected group of women diagnosed with cancer who underwent FP...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429005/new-frontier-cancer-pain-management-clinical-fellowship
#17
Uri Hochberg, Jordi Perez, Manuel Borod
Cancer pain is a multi-dimensional experience, varies from person to person both physically and psycho-socially, and impacts all aspects of the patients' quality of life. Majority of patients with an advanced or metastatic cancer will experience pain. It is estimated that as many as half of cancer patients are under-treated and as many as 20% experience pain refractory to the conventional WHO ladder of pain management. The McGill University Health Centre (MUHC) Cancer Pain Clinic (CPC) was created to meet the needs of those patients with a diagnosis of cancer whose pain had become a main symptom and those who failed to respond to conventional treatment...
February 10, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423728/ballroom-dancing-as-physical-activity-for-patients-with-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-report-of-a-pilot-project
#18
Ivonne Rudolph, Thorsten Schmidt, Tobias Wozniak, Thomas Kubin, Dana Ruetters, Jutta Huebner
BACKGROUND: Physical activity has positive effects on cancer patients. Dancing addresses diverse bio-psycho-social aspects. Our aim was to assess the evidence on ballroom dancing and to develop the setting for a pilot project. METHODS: We performed a systematic review, extracted the data and designed a pilot training based on standard curricula. We included cancer patients during or after therapy. Training duration was 90 min with one regular pause and individual pauses as needed...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396961/-outpatient-psychosocial-cancer-care-at-a-university-medical-center-study-results-concerning-patient-characteristics-and-care-needs
#19
Antje Lehmann-Laue, Helge Danker, Katharina Schröter, Michael Friedrich, Anja Mehnert, Jochen Ernst
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial care for cancer patients has gained importance in recent years and psycho-oncological counselling centers (POCC's) offer a wide range of services in this area. We investigated the scope and content of a POCC at a university medical center. METHODS: The presented data were collected at the POCC at University Medical Center Leipzig in 2014. In total, 469 cancer patients participated (mean age 60 years, 67% female, 36% breast cancer). Psychosocial distress and psychopathology were assessed with the PHQ-9, GAD-7 and the NCCN Distress Thermometer...
February 2, 2018: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392483/crossing-the-death-threshold-experiencing-multi-disciplinary-end-of-life-integrative-oncology-training
#20
Eran Ben-Arye, Yael Keshet, Maria Livas, Thomas Breitkreuz
OBJECTIVE: Complementary and integrative medicine (CIM) is acknowledged in more and more oncology-care centers as part of supportive and palliative cancer care. However, only limited research is available on medical training of CIM practitioners regarding end-of-life (EOL) care. In this study, we assess the impact of multi-disciplinary EOL training on cultural-diverse groups of CIM-trained healthcare practitioners (HCPs) working in integrative oncology care settings in Germany and Israel...
February 1, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
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