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Surviving sepsis campaign

Brian H Nathanson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Critical Care Medicine
Arthur Kwizera, Inipavudu Baelani, Mervyn Mer, Niranjan Kissoon, Marcus J Schultz, Andrew J Patterson, Ndidiamaka Musa, Joseph Christopher Farmer, Martin W Dünser
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Bruno Levy, Caroline Fritz, Elsa Tahon, Audrey Jacquot, Thomas Auchet, Antoine Kimmoun
Vasoplegia is a ubiquitous phenomenon in all advanced shock states, including septic, cardiogenic, hemorrhagic, and anaphylactic shock. Its pathophysiology is complex, involving various mechanisms in vascular smooth muscle cells such as G protein-coupled receptor desensitization (adrenoceptors, vasopressin 1 receptors, angiotensin type 1 receptors), alteration of second messenger pathways, critical illness-related corticosteroid insufficiency, and increased production of nitric oxide. This review, based on a critical appraisal of the literature, discusses the main current treatments and future approaches...
February 27, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Mathew R Johnson, T Patrick Reed, Denise K Lowe, William D Cahoon
Fluid resuscitation, to restore intravascular volume and improve oxygen delivery, is a crucial step in early resuscitation efforts of patients with sepsis or septic shock. The 2016 Surviving Sepsis Campaign guidelines suggest the use of dynamic versus static measures of fluid responsiveness and fluid resuscitation with at least 30 mL/kg of intravenous crystalloid within the first 3 hours followed by fluid administration if hemodynamic factors continue to improve. Despite these recommendations, risks to this practice may exist as multiple studies have demonstrated an association between a positive fluid balance and/or administration of large fluid volume and increase in mortality...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Lena M Napolitano
BACKGROUND: Sepsis is a global healthcare issue and continues to be the leading cause of death from infection. Early recognition and diagnosis of sepsis is required to prevent the transition into septic shock, which is associated with a mortality rate of 40% or more. DISCUSSION: New definitions for sepsis and septic shock (Third International Consensus Definitions for Sepsis and Septic Shock [Sepsis-3]) have been developed. A new screening tool for sepsis (quick Sequential Organ Failure Assessment [qSOFA]) has been proposed to predict the likelihood of poor outcome in out-of-intensive care unit (ICU) patients with clinical suspicion of sepsis...
February 2018: Surgical Infections
Mathieu Jozwiak, Olfa Hamzaoui, Xavier Monnet, Jean-Louis Teboul
The prognosis of septic shock is tightly linked to the earliness of both appropriate antibiotic therapy and early hemodynamic resuscitation. This latter is essentially based on fluid and vasopressors administration. The step-by-step strategy, called "early goal-directed therapy" (EGDT) developed in 2001 and endorsed by the Surviving Sepsis Campaign (SSC) between 2004 and 2016 is no longer recommended. Indeed, recent multicenter randomized clinical trials showed no reduction in all-cause mortality, duration of organ support and in-hospital length of stay with EGDT in comparison with standard care...
February 14, 2018: Minerva Anestesiologica
Tim Rahmel
The new guideline of the Surviving Sepsis Campaign was revised in 2016 and presented in 2017. Furthermore, "Sepsis-3" in 2016 completely changed the definition of Sepsis from inflammation plus infection to a "life-threatening organ dysfunction caused by a dysregulated host response". To cope with the great challenge to unite the new evidence of sepsis treatment with the new definition of sepsis, the guidelines have been completely reconstructed and comprehensively deal with new evidence...
February 2018: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
Sara E Parli, Grishma Trivedi, Alison Woodworth, Phillip K Chang
BACKGROUND: Procalcitonin (PCT) is a serum biomarker currently suggested by the Surviving Sepsis Campaign to aid in determination of the appropriate duration of therapy in sepsis patients. We review the use of procalcitonin in patients after trauma or acute care surgery. METHOD: A MEDLINE search via PubMed was performed using the combination of "procalcitonin" and "humans" and "injuries, trauma," "wounds and injuries," or "wounds." Studies of burn patients, children, other biomarkers, and non-acute care surgery were excluded...
January 22, 2018: Surgical Infections
Asher Weisberg, Pauline Park, Jill R Cherry-Bukowiec
The use of early goal-directed therapy (EGDT) for the management of severe sepsis and septic shock, a practice put forth by Dr. Rivers et al. in 2001, ushered in a new era of targeted sepsis therapy. After its publication, several further studies helped validate the protocolized approach to sepsis management, ultimately leading to its incorporation into the Surviving Sepsis Campaign guidelines. Since that time, however, a trio of large multi-center randomized controlled trials have taken place to evaluate the efficacy of EGDT when compared with usual care and have demonstrated that strict adherence to the entirety of the original EGDT protocol is unnecessary for improved outcomes...
January 22, 2018: Surgical Infections
Sami Alsolamy, Atheer Al-Sabhan, Najla Alassim, Musharaf Sadat, Eman Al Qasim, Hani Tamim, Yaseen M Arabi
BACKGROUND: Clinical handover is an important process for the transition of patient-care responsibility to the next healthcare provider, but it may divert the attention of the team away from active patients. This is challenging in the Emergency Department (ED) because of highly dynamic patient conditions and is likely relevant in conditions that requires time-sensitive therapies, such as sepsis. We aimed to examine the management and outcomes of patients presenting with sepsis and septic shock to the ED during nursing handover...
January 18, 2018: BMC Emergency Medicine
Sara A Buckman, Isaiah R Turnbull, John E Mazuski
BACKGROUND: Sepsis is life-threatening organ dysfunction caused by a dysregulated host response to infection. Early recognition and treatment are the cornerstones of management. METHODS: Review of the English-language literature. RESULTS: For both sepsis and septic shock "antimicrobials [should be] be initiated as soon as possible and within one hour" (Surviving Sepsis Campaign). The risk of progression from severe sepsis to septic shock increases 8% for each hour before antibiotics are started...
January 17, 2018: Surgical Infections
Mary Beth Flynn Makic, Elizabeth Bridges
: Sepsis is a leading cause of critical illness and hospital mortality. Early recognition and intervention are essential for the survival of patients with this syndrome. In 2002, the Society of Critical Care Medicine (SCCM) and the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine (ESICM) launched the Surviving Sepsis Campaign (SSC) to reduce overall patient morbidity and mortality from sepsis and septic shock by driving practice initiatives based on current best evidence. The SSC guidelines have been updated every four years, with the most recent update completed in 2016...
February 2018: American Journal of Nursing
Daisuke Kudo, Mineji Hayakawa, Kota Ono, Kazuma Yamakawa
INTRODUCTION: Anticoagulant therapy for patients with sepsis is not recommended in the latest Surviving Sepsis Campaign guidelines, and non-anticoagulant therapy is the global standard treatment approach at present. We aimed at elucidating the effect of non-anticoagulant therapy on patients with sepsis-induced disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), as evidence on this topic has remained inconclusive. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from 3195 consecutive adult patients admitted to 42 intensive care units for the treatment of severe sepsis were retrospectively analyzed via propensity score analyses with and without multiple imputation...
January 3, 2018: Thrombosis Research
Lisiane Pruinelli, Bonnie L Westra, Pranjul Yadav, Alexander Hoff, Michael Steinbach, Vipin Kumar, Connie W Delaney, Gyorgy Simon
OBJECTIVES: To specify when delays of specific 3-hour bundle Surviving Sepsis Campaign guideline recommendations applied to severe sepsis or septic shock become harmful and impact mortality. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: One health system composed of six hospitals and 45 clinics in a Midwest state from January 01, 2011, to July 31, 2015. PATIENTS: All adult patients hospitalized with billing diagnosis of severe sepsis or septic shock...
April 2018: Critical Care Medicine
Shana M Machado, Erika H Wilson, John O Elliott, Kim Jordan
Introduction Intensivist involvement for patients with sepsis is associated with decreased complications and mortality, and lower hospital resource utilization, but few studies have evaluated outcomes for patients exposed to electronic intensive care unit (eICU) telemedicine sepsis management in the emergency department (ED). In this study, we assess whether eICU cart exposure in the ED improved compliance with components of the 2010 Surviving Sepsis Campaign bundles, length of stay (LOS), disposition and hospital costs...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
Enrique Bernal-Morell, Eva García-Villalba, Maria Del Carmen Vera, Blanca Medina, Monica Martinez, Victoria Callejo, Salvador Valero, Cesar Cinesi, Pascual Piñera, Antonia Alcaraz, Irene Marin, Angeles Muñoz, Alfredo Cano
BACKGROUND: Midregional proadrenomedullin (MR-proADM) is a prognostic biomarker in patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) and sepsis. In this paper, we examined the ability of MR-proADM to predict organ damage and long-term mortality in sepsis patients, compared to that of procalcitonin, C-reactive protein and lactate. METHODS: This was a prospective observational cohort, enrolling severe sepsis or septic shock patients admitted to internal service department...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Infection
David N Gilbert, Andre C Kalil, Michael Klompas, Henry Masur, Dean L Winslow
IDSA did not endorse the 2016 Surviving Sepsis Campaign Guidelines despite being represented in the working group that drafted the guidelines document. Leadership from IDSA, the Surviving Sepsis Campaign Guidelines, and the Society of Critical Care Medicine had numerous amicable discussions primarily regarding the bolded, rated guidelines recommendations. Our societies had different perspectives, however, regarding the interpretation of the major studies that informed the guidelines' recommendations thus leading us to different conclusions and different perspectives on the recommendations...
November 22, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Anders Perner, Lars B Holst, Nicolai Haase, Peter B Hjortrup, Morten H Møller
Sepsis results in many deaths, prolonged suffering among survivors and relatives, and high use of resources both in developed and developing countries. The updated Surviving Sepsis Campaign guidelines should aid clinicians in improving the identification and management of these patients, but many uncertainties remain because most of the guidance is based on low-quality evidence. This article discusses how to use some of the specific items of the guidelines together with a common-sense approach to aid clinical management of patients with sepsis while trying to balance the potential benefit and harm of the items...
January 2018: Critical Care Clinics
Flavia Ribeiro Machado, Elaine Maria Ferreira, Pierre Schippers, Ilusca Cardoso de Paula, Letícia Sandre Vendrame Saes, Francisco Ivanildo de Oliveira, Paula Tuma, Wilson Nogueira Filho, Felipe Piza, Sandra Guare, Cláudia Mangini, Gustavo Ziggiatti Guth, Luciano Cesar Pontes Azevedo, Flavio Geraldo Resende Freitas, Jose Luiz Gomes do Amaral, Nacime Salomão Mansur, Reinaldo Salomão
BACKGROUND: Public hospitals in emerging countries pose a challenge to quality improvement initiatives in sepsis. Our objective was to evaluate the results of a quality improvement initiative in sepsis in a network of public institutions and to assess potential differences between institutions that did or did not achieve a reduction in mortality. METHODS: We conducted a prospective study of patients with sepsis or septic shock. We collected baseline data on compliance with the Surviving Sepsis Campaign 6-h bundles and mortality...
October 31, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Richard R Watkins, Nairmeen Haller, Melinda Wayde, Keith B Armitage
BACKGROUND: We aimed to assess the knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions of resident physicians regarding sepsis in general and the Surviving Sepsis Campaign Guidelines in particular. METHODS: After institutional review board approval, we surveyed internal medicine (IM) and emergency medicine (EM) house staff from 3 separate institutions. House staff were notified of the survey via e-mail from their residency director or chief resident. The survey was Internet-based (using http://www...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
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