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Surviving sepsis campaign

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149934/common-sense-approach-to-managing-sepsis
#1
REVIEW
Anders Perner, Lars B Holst, Nicolai Haase, Peter B Hjortrup, Morten H Møller
Sepsis results in many deaths, prolonged suffering among survivors and relatives, and high use of resources both in developed and developing countries. The updated Surviving Sepsis Campaign guidelines should aid clinicians in improving the identification and management of these patients, but many uncertainties remain because most of the guidance is based on low-quality evidence. This article discusses how to use some of the specific items of the guidelines together with a common-sense approach to aid clinical management of patients with sepsis while trying to balance the potential benefit and harm of the items...
January 2018: Critical Care Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089025/implementation-of-sepsis-bundles-in-public-hospitals-in-brazil-a-prospective-study-with-heterogeneous-results
#2
Flavia Ribeiro Machado, Elaine Maria Ferreira, Pierre Schippers, Ilusca Cardoso de Paula, Letícia Sandre Vendrame Saes, Francisco Ivanildo de Oliveira, Paula Tuma, Wilson Nogueira Filho, Felipe Piza, Sandra Guare, Cláudia Mangini, Gustavo Ziggiatti Guth, Luciano Cesar Pontes Azevedo, Flavio Geraldo Resende Freitas, Jose Luiz Gomes do Amaral, Nacime Salomão Mansur, Reinaldo Salomão
BACKGROUND: Public hospitals in emerging countries pose a challenge to quality improvement initiatives in sepsis. Our objective was to evaluate the results of a quality improvement initiative in sepsis in a network of public institutions and to assess potential differences between institutions that did or did not achieve a reduction in mortality. METHODS: We conducted a prospective study of patients with sepsis or septic shock. We collected baseline data on compliance with the Surviving Sepsis Campaign 6-h bundles and mortality...
October 31, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29088995/a-multicenter-survey-of-house-staff-knowledge-about-sepsis-and-the-surviving-sepsis-campaign-guidelines-for-management-of-severe-sepsis-and-septic-shock
#3
Richard R Watkins, Nairmeen Haller, Melinda Wayde, Keith B Armitage
BACKGROUND: We aimed to assess the knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions of resident physicians regarding sepsis in general and the Surviving Sepsis Campaign Guidelines in particular. METHODS: After institutional review board approval, we surveyed internal medicine (IM) and emergency medicine (EM) house staff from 3 separate institutions. House staff were notified of the survey via e-mail from their residency director or chief resident. The survey was Internet-based (using http://www...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078714/impact-of-a-combination-antibiotic-bag-on-compliance-with-surviving-sepsis-campaign-goals-in-emergency-department-patients-with-severe-sepsis-and-septic-shock
#4
Michael P Lorenzo, Lindsay MacConaghy, Christopher D Miller, Gregory Meola, Luke A Probst, Brian Pratt, Jeff Steele, Robert W Seabury
BACKGROUND: Severe sepsis and septic shock represent common presentations in the emergency department (ED) and have high rates of mortality. Guideline-recommended goals of care have been shown to benefit these patients, but can be difficult to provide. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the use of a premixed bag consisting of 2 g cefepime and 1 g vancomycin in 1000 mL of normal saline increases the probability of patients receiving Surviving Sepsis Campaign (SSC) recommendations for the initiation of antimicrobials and fluid challenge...
October 1, 2017: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027207/resource-availability-for-the-management-of-maternal-sepsis-in-malawi-other-low-income-countries-and-lower-middle-income-countries
#5
Mohammed Abdu, Amie Wilson, Chisale Mhango, Fatima Taki, Arri Coomarasamy, David Lissauer
OBJECTIVE: To assess the availability of key resources for the management of maternal sepsis and evaluate the feasibility of implementing the Surviving Sepsis Campaign (SSC) recommendations in Malawi and other low-resource settings. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted at health facilities in Malawi, other low-income countries, and lower-middle-income countries during January-March 2016. English-speaking healthcare professionals (e.g. doctors, nurses, midwives, and administrators) completed a questionnaire/online survey to assess the availability of resources for the management of maternal sepsis...
October 13, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987477/three-hour-bundle-compliance-and-outcomes-in-patients-with-undiagnosed-severe-sepsis
#6
Amanda S Deis, Bristol B Whiles, Alexandra R Brown, Catherine L Satterwhite, Steven Q Simpson
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare completion of the Surviving Sepsis Campaign 3-hour treatment recommendations and patient-centered outcomes between patients with severe sepsis who received a sepsis-specific diagnosis code with those who did not. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort analysis of adult patients admitted through an academic medical center ED who received an antibiotic and met criteria for severe sepsis. We measured and compared the Surviving Sepsis Campaign 3-hour treatment recommendations along with patient-centered outcomes in patients who were diagnosed with severe sepsis and those who were not...
October 5, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979511/glycaemic-control-in-intensive-care-everything-in-moderation
#7
Arjun Devanesan, Jonathan Lloyd, Hanif Samad, Shibaji Saha
INTRODUCTION: Glycaemic control is an important predictor of mortality in sepsis. Various international organizations including the Surviving Sepsis campaign recommend glycaemic control in critical illness with a glucose target between 6.1-10 mmol/L. The NICE-SUGAR Trial in 2009 was a landmark in the debate over tight versus liberal glycaemic control in the critically ill and subsequent guidelines have been adjusted to reflect a move towards moderate glycaemic control. METHODS: We conducted a nation-wide study comparing glucose targets used in intensive care units in the United Kingdom in 2007 with those used in 2014 to 2015 to see the impact of the NICE-SUGAR study and subsequent guideline changes...
November 2016: J Intensive Care Soc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918911/mortality-of-severe-septic-patients-between-physician-s-high-and-low-care-volumes
#8
Chun-Yao Lin, Jo-Chi Tseng, Chih-Yu Huang, Chien-Ming Chu, Huang-Pin Wu
BACKGROUND: Patients with severe sepsis frequently require intensive care unit (ICU) admission and different ICU care models may influence their outcomes. The mortality of severe septic patients between physician's high and low care volume remains unclear. METHODS: We analyzed the data from a three-year prospective observation study, which was performed in an adult medical ICU of Chung Gung Memorial Hospital, Keelung. The data included initial bundle therapies based on the Surviving Sepsis Campaign (SSC) guidelines for patients with severe sepsis...
August 2017: Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916121/controversies-in-corticosteroid-use-for-sepsis
#9
Brit Long, Alex Koyfman
BACKGROUND: Severe sepsis and septic shock are potentially deadly conditions managed in the emergency department (ED). Management centers on source control, fluid resuscitation, broad-spectrum antimicrobials, and vasopressors as needed. The use of corticosteroids is controversial. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the evidence behind corticosteroid therapy in patients with septic shock. DISCUSSION: Septic shock is associated with severe mortality and morbidity...
November 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914622/ce-assessing-patients-during-septic-shock-resuscitation
#10
Elizabeth Bridges
: In 2015, the Surviving Sepsis Campaign six-hour bundle was updated. The revised version now recommends documenting the reassessment of volume status and tissue perfusion after initial fluid resuscitation through a repeated focused examination. This article addresses the practice and interpretation of two components of this examination in adults: capillary refill time and skin mottling score. It further discusses how to best integrate these noninvasive parameters into the care of patients undergoing resuscitation for septic shock...
October 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858918/implementation-of-the-surviving-sepsis-campaign-guidelines
#11
Vikramjit Mukherjee, Laura Evans
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Early identification and appropriate management of sepsis improves outcomes. Despite convincing data showing the benefits of early recognition and treatment of sepsis and septic shock, implementation of such evidence-based therapy is suboptimal. This review describes methods that have been shown to improve bedside application of the evidence-based guidelines. RECENT FINDINGS: The Surviving Sepsis Campaign (SSC) has developed guidelines for the management of severe sepsis and septic shock...
October 2017: Current Opinion in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854874/recognition-and-treatment-of-severe-sepsis-in-the-emergency-department-retrospective-study-in-two-french-teaching-hospitals
#12
Philippe Le Conte, Séverin Thibergien, Jean Batiste Obellianne, Emmanuel Montassier, Gilles Potel, Pierre Marie Roy, Eric Batard
BACKGROUND: Sepsis management in the Emergency Department remains a daily challenge. The Surviving Sepsis Campaign (SSC) has released three-hour bundle. The implementation of these bundles in European Emergency Departments remains poorly described. The main objective was to assess the compliance with the Severe Sepsis Campaign 3-h bundle (blood culture, lactate dosage, first dose of antibiotics and 30 ml/kg fluid challenge). Secondary objectives were the analysis of the delay of severe sepsis recognition and description of the population...
August 30, 2017: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845789/international-surviving-sepsis-campaign-guidelines-2016-the-perspective-from-low-income-and-middle-income-countries
#13
Gentle S Shrestha, Arthur Kwizera, Ganbold Lundeg, John I Baelani, Luciano C P Azevedo, Rajyabardhan Pattnaik, Rashan Haniffa, Srdjan Gavrilovic, Nguyen Thi Hoang Mai, Niranjan Kissoon, Rakesh Lodha, David Misango, Ary Serpa Neto, Marcus J Schultz, Arjen M Dondorp, Jonarthan Thevanayagam, Martin W Dünser, A K M Shamsul Alam, Ahmed M Mukhtar, Madiha Hashmi, Suchitra Ranjit, Akaninyene Otu, Charles Gomersall, Jacinta Amito, Nicolas Nin Vaeza, Jane Nakibuuka, Pierre Mujyarugamba, Elisa Estenssoro, Gustavo A Ospina-Tascón, Sanjib Mohanty, Mervyn Mer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810616/single-blinded-randomized-and-controlled-clinical-trial-evaluating-the-effects-of-omega-3-fatty-acids-among-septic-patients-with-intestinal-dysfunction-a-pilot-study
#14
Huaisheng Chen, Wei Wang, Yingcai Hong, Huadong Zhang, Chengying Hong, Xueyan Liu
Sepsis is a systemic inflammatory reaction, which is aggravated by aspects of the immune response that are thought to be inhibited by Omega-3 fatty acids. The aim of the present study was to determine if Omega-3 fatty acid could modulate immunological function and improve survival rate among septic patients with intestinal dysfunction. A total of 48 mechanically ventilated patients with intestinal dysfunction were included in this prospective, randomized and single-blind clinical study. Patients were randomly divided into control (group A) and treatment groups (group B)...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795054/sepsis-in-the-burn-patient-a-different-problem-than-sepsis-in-the-general-population
#15
REVIEW
David G Greenhalgh
Sepsis has recently been defined as "life-threatening organ dysfunction caused by a dysregulated host response to infection". A great amount of effort has been made to develop early treatments for sepsis through the Surviving Sepsis Campaign. There are similar but slightly different recommendations for the treatment of sepsis in the pediatric population. These international efforts have led to earlier diagnosis and treatments for sepsis that have led to improvements in survival. Sepsis is also the leading cause of death in the burn patient but most clinical sepsis studies have excluded burns...
2017: Burns and trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756405/the-recognition-and-management-of-sepsis-and-septic-shock-a-guide-for-non-intensivists
#16
REVIEW
Alexander Keeley, Paul Hine, Emmanuel Nsutebu
Sepsis is common, often fatal and requires rapid interventions to improve outcomes. While the optimal management of sepsis in the intensive care setting is the focus of extensive research interest, the mainstay of the recognition and initial management of sepsis will occur outside the intensive care setting. Therefore, it is key that institutions and clinicians remain well informed of the current updates in sepsis management and continue to use them to deliver appropriate and timely interventions to enhance patient survival...
October 2017: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729906/update-on-pediatric-sepsis-a-review
#17
REVIEW
Tatsuya Kawasaki
BACKGROUND: Sepsis is one of the leading causes of mortality among children worldwide. Unfortunately, however, reliable evidence was insufficient in pediatric sepsis and many aspects in clinical practice actually depend on expert consensus and some evidence in adult sepsis. More recent findings have given us deep insights into pediatric sepsis since the publication of the Surviving Sepsis Campaign guidelines 2012. MAIN TEXT: New knowledge was added regarding the hemodynamic management and the timely use of antimicrobials...
2017: Journal of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697503/update-of-sepsis-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#18
Kelly Roveran Genga, James A Russell
Sepsis, the most common cause of admission to an intensive care unit (ICU), has had an increased incidence and prevalence over the last years with a simultaneous decrease in its short-term mortality. Sepsis survivors are more frequently discharged from hospital and often experience long-term outcomes such as late mortality, immune dysfunction, secondary infections, impaired quality of life, and unplanned readmissions. Early recognition and management of sepsis have challenged emergency care and critical care physicians and nurses...
2017: Journal of Innate Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658197/hydrocortisone-therapy-in-catecholamine-resistant-pediatric-septic-shock-a-pragmatic-analysis-of-clinician-practice-and-association-with-outcomes
#19
Blake Nichols, Sherri Kubis, Jennifer Hewlett, Nadir Yehya, Vijay Srinivasan
OBJECTIVES: The 2012 Surviving Sepsis Campaign pediatric guidelines recommend stress dose hydrocortisone in children experiencing catecholamine-dependent septic shock with suspected or proven absolute adrenal insufficiency. We evaluated whether stress dose hydrocortisone therapy in children with catecholamine dependent septic shock correlated with random serum total cortisol levels and was associated with improved outcomes. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Non-cardiac PICU...
September 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655385/no-impact-of-surviving-sepsis-campaign-care-bundles-in-reducing-sepsis-associated-acute-kidney-injury%C3%A2
#20
Xosé Pérez-Fernández, Joan Sabater-Riera, Josep Ballus-Noguera, Paola Cárdenas-Campos, Gabriel Moreno-González, Virginia Alonso-Juste, Vicente Corral-Velez, Diana Gutierrez-Arámbula, Victor Gumucio-Sanguino, Antoni Betbesé-Roig, Kathleen D Liu
BACKGROUND: The impact of Surviving Sepsis Campaign (SSC) care bundles in reducing sepsis-associated acute kidney injury (SA-AKI) was evaluated. METHODS: We conducted an observational single-center cohort study. Accomplishment of SSC care bundles was registered in all patients with severe sepsis admitted to the critical care department of a university hospital during three different periods. The main outcome measured was SA-AKI incidence defined as any worsening of AKI stage within the first 7 days from onset of sepsis...
August 2017: Clinical Nephrology
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