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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425645/repeated-administration-of-sailuotong-a-fixed-combination-of-panax-ginseng-ginkgo-biloba-and-crocus-sativus-extracts-for-vascular-dementia-alters-cyp450-activities-in-rats
#1
Ying Zhang, Lan Miao, Li Lin, Chang-Ying Ren, Jian-Xun Liu, Yi-Min Cui
BACKGROUND: Sailuotong (SLT) is a standard Chinese preparation made from extracts of Panax ginseng (ginseng), Ginkgo biloba (ginkgo), and Crocus sativus (saffron). Preliminary clinical trials and animal experiments have demonstrated that SLT could improve cognition of vascular dementia (VD). PURPOSE: To avoid incident drug-drug interaction which is easily encountered in patients of VD, the potential influence of SLT on main drug-metabolic cytochromes P450 enzymes (CYP450) was investigated...
January 1, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417891/a-comparison-of-food-habits-between-japanese-marten-and-raccoon-dog-in-western-tokyo-with-reference-to-fruit-use
#2
Seiki Takatsuki, Risako Miyaoka, Keita Sugaya
We studied the food habits of the Japanese marten (Martes melampus) and the raccoon dog (Nyctereutes procionoides) at the Tama Forest Science Garden, western Tokyo, Japan by fecal analysis in 2014/15. Martens were dependent on fruits throughout the year and showed less marked seasonal changes. Raccoon dogs were less dependent on fruits than martens were, and more dependent on mammals in spring, insects in summer and winter, and seeds throughout the year. Martens fed on more fruits containing tiny seeds, such as Actinidia arguta and Stachyurus praecox, whereas raccoon dogs fed on more large-seeded fruits, such as Ginkgo biloba and Diospyros kaki...
February 2018: Zoological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411888/the-ameliorative-effects-of-ginkgo-biloba-on-apoptosis-lh-r-expression-and-sperm-morphology-anomaly-in-testicular-torsion-and-detorsion
#3
F Gevrek, Ç Biçer, M Kara, F Erdemir
Torsion/detorsion (T/D) induces testicular damages in both germinal epithelial and interstitial tissues. Ginkgo biloba extract (GbE) exerts antioxidant and free radical scavenger. We investigated the effect of GbE on testicular tissues, Leydig and sperm cells in rats injured with T/D. Twenty-eight Wistar albino rats were randomly assigned into four groups (Control, GbE, Treatment: T/D+GbE, T/D). T/D performed to the rats in torsion, treatment received GbE (50 mg/kg) 1 hr before T/D, GbE group received only GbE (50 mg/kg) and control was defined as sham group...
February 7, 2018: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403626/a-review-of-effective-herbal-medicines-in-controlling-menopausal-symptoms
#4
REVIEW
Rahele Kargozar, Hoda Azizi, Roshanak Salari
Background: Acute menopausal syndrome especially hot flashes, is one of the most common gynecological problems during menopause. Due to the side effects of hormone therapy, herbal and complementary medicines are always of immense interest to people in the treatment and management of the symptoms and complications of menopause. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanisms and effects of medicinal plants employed in the treatment of menopausal symptoms...
November 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373456/natural-medicines-for-psychotic-disorders-a-systematic-review
#5
H J Rogier Hoenders, Agna A Bartels-Velthuis, Nina K Vollbehr, Richard Bruggeman, Henderikus Knegtering, Joop T V M de Jong
Patients with psychotic disorders regularly use natural medicines, although it is unclear whether these are effective and safe. The aim of this study was to provide an overview of evidence for improved outcomes by natural medicines. A systematic literature search was performed through Medline, PsycINFO, CINAHL, and Cochrane until May 2015. In 110 randomized controlled trials, evidence was found for glycine, sarcosine, N-acetylcysteine, some Chinese and ayurvedic herbs, ginkgo biloba, estradiol, and vitamin B6 to improve psychotic symptoms when added to antipsychotics...
February 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369521/brief-challenges-on-medicinal-plants-an-eye-opening-look-at-ageing-related-disorders
#6
Geir Bjørklund, Maryam Dadar, Natália Martins, Salvatore Chirumbolo, Bey Hing Goh, Kateryna Smetanina, Roman Lysiuk
Several studies have reported that nature-derived antioxidants may prevent free radicals over-production and therefore control the onset and prevent the exacerbation of different kinds of diseases caused by oxidative stress and redox-derived stressors, including ageing, fundamentally by suppressing the oxidative byproducts-mediated degradation. Naturally derived antioxidants exert their anti-ageing action via a panoply of signalling systems, many of which engaging reactive oxygen (ROS) and nitrogen (RNS) species scavenging, with the Nrf2/Keap1-ARE system and improving the many survival genes and functions (such as the pathway mTOR/Foxo/SIRT1) able to slow cellular senescence...
January 25, 2018: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357859/clinical-and-genomic-safety-of-treatment-with-ginkgo-biloba-l-leaf-extract-idn-5933-ginkgoselect%C3%A2-plus-in-elderly-a-randomised-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial-gibiex
#7
Stefano Bonassi, Giulia Prinzi, Palma Lamonaca, Patrizia Russo, Irene Paximadas, Giuseppe Rasoni, Raffaella Rossi, Marzia Ruggi, Salvatore Malandrino, Maria Sánchez-Flores, Vanessa Valdiglesias, Barbara Benassi, Francesca Pacchierotti, Paola Villani, Martina Panatta, Eugenia Cordelli
BACKGROUND: Numerous health benefits have been attributed to the Ginkgo biloba leaf extract (GBLE), one of the most extensively used phytopharmaceutical drugs worldwide. Recently, concerns of the safety of the extract have been raised after a report from US National Toxicology Program (NTP) claimed high doses of GBLE increased liver and thyroid cancer incidence in mice and rats. A safety study has been designed to assess, in a population of elderly residents in nursing homes, clinical and genomic risks associated to GBLE treatment...
January 22, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353042/ginkgolic-acid-induces-interplay-between-apoptosis-and-autophagy-regulated-by-ros-generation-in-colon-cancer
#8
Yuxia Liu, Bin Yang, Lirong Zhang, Xianling Cong, Zhen Liu, Yu Hu, Jing Zhang, Haixia Hu
Presently, developing effective anti-colon cancer drugs still remains to be important. Ginkgolic acids (GA), as a botanical drug extracted from the seed coat of Ginkgo biloba L., possess various bioactive properties. Our findings, for the first time, indicated that GA suppressed colon cancer cell proliferation, migration and invasion. GA led to cell death through G0/G1 phase arrest. In addition, apoptosis was significantly induced by GA treatment. The intrinsic apoptosis pathway was included, proved by the release of cytochrome c (Cyto-c) from the mitochondria into the cytosol...
January 15, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351002/protective-effect-of-the-standardized-leaf-extract-of-ginkgo-biloba-egb761-against-hypertension-induced-renal-injury-in-rats
#9
Ahmed O Abdel-Zaher, Hanan S M Farghaly, Abeer E M El-Refaiy, Ahmed M Abd-Eldayem
BACKGROUND: Ginkgo biloba leaves extract has been widely used worldwide to protect against oxidative stress-induced cell damage and improves blood circulation. METHODS: The potential protective role of the standardized leaf extract of Ginkgo biloba (EGb761) on hypertension-induced renal injury was investigated in rats. Hypertension was induced in rats by L-NAME. RESULT: Repeated treatment with EGb761 produced progressive reductions in the systolic, diastolic and mean arterial blood pressure...
January 19, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344418/advances-in-the-studies-of-ginkgo-biloba-leaves-extract-on-aging-related-diseases
#10
REVIEW
Wei Zuo, Feng Yan, Bo Zhang, Jiantao Li, Dan Mei
The prevalence of degenerative disorders in public health has promoted in-depth investigations of the underlying pathogenesis and the development of new treatment drugs. Ginkgo biloba leaves extract (EGb) is obtained from Ginkgo biloba leaves and has been used for thousands of years. In recent decades, both basic and clinical studies have established the effects of EGb. It is widely used in various degenerative diseases such as cerebrovascular disease, Alzheimer's disease, macroangiopathy and more. Here, we reviewed several pharmacological mechanisms of EGb, including its antioxidant properties, prevention of mitochondrial dysfunctions, and effect on apoptosis...
December 2017: Aging and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344321/fixed-drug-eruption-to-supplement-containing-ginkgo-biloba-and-vinpocetine-a-case-report-and-review-of-related-cutaneous-side-effects
#11
Philip R Cohen
BACKGROUND: Fixed drug eruption is a cutaneous reaction to a systemic agent that typically presents as an annular or oval erythematous patch or blister and subsequently resolves with postinflammatory hyperpigmentation at the site. Ginkgo biloba leaf extract and vinpocetine are nutritional supplements used to enhance memory in patients with dementia and age-related memory impairment conditions such as Alzheimer's disease. PURPOSE: To describe a fixed drug eruption in a man who repeatedly developed pruritus and macular erythema on his distal penile shaft after ingesting a natural product containing Ginkgo biloba and vinpocetine...
October 2017: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341310/critical-appraisal-of-the-oxidative-stress-pathway-in-vitiligo-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
R Speeckaert, J Dugardin, J Lambert, H Lapeere, E Verhaeghe, M M Speeckaert, N van Geel
BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of vitiligo remains a topic of extensive debate. This is partly due to the moderate efficacy of current treatments. The role of oxidative stress pathway in vitiligo is a popular although controversial research topic. OBJECTIVE: To clarify the role of the oxidative stress pathway in vitiligo compared to other inflammatory skin disorders and to assess the therapeutic role of antioxidants. METHODS: We conducted a systematic search of the existing literature on the aberrancies of the oxidative stress pathway in vitiligo...
January 17, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334964/ginkgo-biloba-induced-mood-dysregulation-a-case-report
#13
Seung Sun Rho, Young Sup Woo, Won-Myong Bahk
BACKGROUND: Impairment of cognitive function as well as negative symptom is the major factor causing the decline of a patient's functioning in chronic stages of schizophrenia. However, until now, there were no definite treatment options that could effectively reduce the impairment. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of mood dysregulation associated with use of Ginkgo biloba in a patient with schizophrenia. After Ginkgo biloba was given, the patient experienced cluster symptoms of mood dysregulation including irritability, difficulty in controlling anger, agitation and restlessness...
January 15, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332042/protective-effects-of-indian-spice-curcumin-against-amyloid-%C3%AE-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#14
P Hemachandra Reddy, Maria Manczak, Xiangling Yin, Mary Catherine Grady, Andrew Mitchell, Sahil Tonk, Chandra Sekhar Kuruva, Jasvinder Singh Bhatti, Ramesh Kandimalla, Murali Vijayan, Subodh Kumar, Rui Wang, Jangampalli Adi Pradeepkiran, Gilbert Ogunmokun, Kavya Thamarai, Kandi Quesada, Annette Boles, Arubala P Reddy
The purpose of our article is to assess the current understanding of Indian spice, curcumin, against amyloid-β (Aβ)-induced toxicity in Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathogenesis. Natural products, such as ginger, curcumin, and gingko biloba have been used as diets and dietary supplements to treat human diseases, including cancer, cardiovascular, respiratory, infectious, diabetes, obesity, metabolic syndromes, and neurological disorders. Products derived from plants are known to have protective effects, including anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anti-arthritis, pro-healing, and boosting memory cognitive functions...
2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319499/similar-treatment-outcomes-with-ginkgo-biloba-extract-egb-761-and-donepezil-in-alzheimer-s-dementia-in-very-old-age-a-retrospective-observational-study
#15
Michael Rapp, Martin Burkart, Thomas Kohlmann, Jens Bohlken
OBJECTIVE: To provide pilot data for the safety and efficacy of EGb 761 in the oldest-old patients (aged 80 or older). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a retrospective analysis, we compared treatment outcomes with EGb 761 or donepezil over 12 months in 189 patients aged 80 years or older suffering from Alzheimer's disease (AD). RESULTS: Over 12 months, there was no significant difference in cognitive decline, measured with the mini-mental state examination (MMSE) score, between donepezil and EGb 761 (p = 0...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306777/the-alveolar-bone-protective-effects-of-natural-products-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Irlan Almeida Freires, Gustavo Machado Santaella, Janaina de Cássia Orlandi Sardi, Pedro Luiz Rosalen
OBJECTIVES: This systematic review was carried out to identify which naturally-occurring agents and constituents isolated therefrom have effects in preventing bone loss in a ligature-induced periodontitis model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eight databases were systematically searched for studies of experimental periodontitis. The data were extracted, analyzed, and the treatment outcomes were given scores based on the level of bone destruction as compared to their untreated induced-periodontitis control...
December 27, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289576/botanicals-and-phytochemicals-active-on-cognitive-decline-the-clinical-evidence
#17
REVIEW
Arrigo F G Cicero, Federica Fogacci, Maciej Banach
Beyond the well-known effects on cognitive impairment of the Mediterranean diet, a number of studies have investigated the possible action on cognitive decline of different botanicals and phytochemicals, most of which are well-known anti-inflammatory or antioxidant agents with a good tolerability and safety profile. In particular, the current literature supports the use of Ginkgo biloba, resveratrol, epigallocatechin-3-gallate and l-theanine, Theobroma cacao, Bacopa monnieri, Crocus sativus and curcumin, which might have a positive impact on cognitive impairment used alone or in combination with other nutraceuticals or traditional drugs...
December 28, 2017: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285133/effects-of-ginkgo-biloba-leaf-extract-on-local-renin-angiotensin-system-through-tlr4-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway-in-cardiac-myocyte
#18
Hua Jiang, Peng Qu
The present study investigated the effects of Ginkgo biloba leaf extract (GBE50) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)/nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling pathway and its effects on angiotensinogen (ATG) and AT1a receptor, so as to explore the mechanism of GBE50 in prevention and treatment of left ventricular remodeling. In vitro cultured neonatal rat ventricular myocytes (NRVMs) were divided into 4 groups including i) control group: DMEM medium; ii) LPS group: iii) LPS + GBE50 group; iv) LPS + caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE, specific inhibitor of NF-κB) group...
December 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281744/antidiabetic-cataract-effects-of-gbe-rutin-and-quercetin-are-mediated-by-the-inhibition-of-oxidative-stress-and-polyol-pathway
#19
Qian Lu, Meng Hao, Wenya Wu, Nan Zhang, Adelusi Temitope Isaac, Jiale Yin, Xia Zhu, Lei Du, Xiaoxing Yin
One of the earliest critical secondary complications of diabetes is the opacification of the eye lens - a condition strictly associated with diabetic cataract. The study presented here was designed to investigate the effect of Ginkgo biloba extract (GbE), rutin and quercetin on streptozotocin (STZ) induced diabetic cataract (DC) rats. Ten weeks after administration of GbE, rutin and quercetin, the opacity of diabetic rats' lenseswasgraded under a slit lamp. Then, the levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), reduced glutathione (GSH), advanced glycosylation end products (AGEs), and the activities of aldose reductase (AR) were estimated...
December 28, 2017: Acta Biochimica Polonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248451/features-and-outcomes-of-drugs-for-combination-therapy-as-multi-targets-strategy-to-combat-alzheimer-s-disease
#20
REVIEW
Atish Kumar Sahoo, Jagnehswar Dandapat, Umesh Chandra Dash, Satish Kanhar
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Alzheimer's disease (AD), a deleterious neurodegenerative disorder that impairs memory, cognitive functions and may lead to dementia in late stage of life. The pathogenic cause of AD remains incompletely understood and FDA approved drugs are partial inhibitors rather than curative. Most of drugs are synthetic or natural products as galanthamine is an alkaloid obtained from Galanthus spp. Huperzine A, an alkaloid found in Huperzia spp., gingkolides a diterpenoids from Gingko biloba and many ethnobotanicals like Withania somnifera (L...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
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