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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454482/effects-of-environmental-factors-and-metallic-electrodes-on-ac-electrical-conduction-through-dna-molecule
#1
S Abdalla, A Obaid, F M Al-Marzouki
BACKGROUND: Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is one of the best candidate materials for various device applications such as in electrodes for rechargeable batteries, biosensors, molecular electronics, medical- and biomedical-applications etc. Hence, it is worthwhile to examine the mechanism of charge transport in the DNA molecule, however, still a question without a clear answer is DNA a molecular conducting material (wire), semiconductor, or insulator? The answer, after the published data, is still ambiguous without any confirmed and clear scientific answer...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454478/enhanced-mri-t-2-relaxivity-in-contrast-probed-anchor-free-pegylated-iron-oxide-nanoparticles
#2
Bibek Thapa, Daysi Diaz-Diestra, Juan Beltran-Huarac, Brad R Weiner, Gerardo Morell
Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs, ~11-nm cores) were PEGylated without anchoring groups and studied as efficient MRI T 2 contrast agents (CAs). The ether group of PEG is efficiently and directly linked to the positively charged surface of SPIONs, and mediated through a dipole-cation covalent interaction. Anchor-free PEG-SPIONs exhibit a spin-spin relaxivity of 123 ± 6 mM(-1)s(-1), which is higher than those of PEG-SPIONs anchored with intermediate biomolecules, iron oxide nanoworms, or Feridex...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454467/investigation-of-differentially-expressed-micrornas-and-genes-in-cervical-cancer-using-an-integrated-bioinformatics-analysis
#3
Zhanzhan Xu, Yu Zhou, Fang Shi, Yexuan Cao, Thi Lan Anh Dinh, Jing Wan, Min Zhao
Cervical cancer is one of the most common types of cancer among women worldwide. In order to identify the microRNAs (miRNAs/miRs) and mRNAs associated with the carcinogenesis of cervical cancer, and to investigate the molecular mechanisms of cervical cancer, an miRNA microarray, GSE30656, and 3 mRNA microarrays, GSE63514, GSE39001 and GSE9750, for cervical cancer were retrieved from Gene Expression Omnibus. These datasets were analyzed in order to obtain differentially-expressed genes (DEGs) and miRNAs using the GEO2R tool...
April 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454456/pulmonary-artery-intimal-sarcoma-misdiagnosed-as-pulmonary-embolism-a-case-report
#4
Shuyan Jiang, Jiaxin Li, Qingshi Zeng, Jiexian Liang
Intimal sarcoma of the pulmonary artery is rare, but false diagnosis of this sarcoma as pulmonary embolism is not infrequent. The present study reports a case of pulmonary artery intimal sarcoma misdiagnosed as pulmonary artery embolism in a 37-year-old female patient. The patient was admitted to the cardiac intensive care unit of Guangdong General Hospital (Guangzhou, China) with the complaint of progressive exertional dyspnea over the past two years. Multi-slice spiral computed tomography, transthoracic echocardiography, right-heart catheterization and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging revealed mimicking severe pulmonary embolism in the pulmonary trunk and right pulmonary artery, with symptoms including chest pain, cough and breathing difficulties...
April 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454444/anterior-mediastinum-invasion-by-multiple-myeloma-a-case-report
#5
Ying-Hui Xu, Lu-Guo Sun, Chao Sun, Ou Bai, Ting-Ting Liang, Ke-Wei Ma
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a clonal proliferation of malignant plasma cells in the bone marrow (BM) that secretes monoclonal paraproteins in the blood serum and urine. Bone marrow MM cells can invade and damage the functions of other tissues and organs, such as the lungs, spleen, liver, pancreas, kidneys and lymph nodes. However, the invasion of MM cells primarily located in the BM to the anterior mediastinum at the site of the thymus is an extremely rare event. The current study reports the case of a 53-year-old female who presented with MM with involvement of the anterior mediastinum...
April 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454434/f10-a-novel-hydatidiform-mole-associated-gene-inhibits-the-paclitaxel-sensitivity-of-a549-lung-cancer-cells-by-downregulating-bax-and-caspase-3
#6
Yali Song, Wei Cao, Xi Zhu, Zhuolin Qiu, Xiaoping Yang, Jing Liu, Ruoting Xu, Weizhuang Yuan, Song Quan
F10 is a novel hydatidiform mole (HM)-associated gene that was initially identified during a study into the pathogenesis of HMs. However, the role of the F10 gene requires further investigation. Our, previous studies have indicated that F10 may be involved in the malignant transformation of HMs and the development of certain types of adenocarcinoma, and that the overexpression of F10 may lead to excessive proliferation and decreased apoptosis of A549 cells. The present study aimed to investigate whether F10 may suppress the sensitivity of A549 lung cancer cells to paclitaxel therapy...
April 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454423/the-nutritional-herb-epimedium-grandiflorum-inhibits-the-growth-in-a-model-for-the-luminal-a-molecular-subtype-of-breast-cancer
#7
Nitin T Telang, Gou Li, Meena Katdare, Daniel W Sepkovic, H Leon Bradlow, George Y C Wong
The Luminal A subtype of breast cancer expresses the estrogen receptor (ER)-α and progesterone receptor (PR), but not the human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER)-2 oncogene. This subtype of breast cancer responds to endocrine therapy involving the use of selective estrogen receptor modulators and/or inhibitors of estrogen biosynthesis. However, these therapeutic agents are frequently associated with long-term systemic toxicity and acquired tumor resistance, emphasizing the need to identify non-toxic alternative treatments for chemo-endocrine therapy responsive breast cancer...
April 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454421/notch-is-a-critical-regulator-in-cervical-cancer-by-regulating-numb-splicing
#8
Cai Rong, Yu Feng, Zhou Ye
Cervical cancer, which is the second most common female malignancy, is characterized by the consistent presence of human papillomavirus. Inappropriate activation of Notch signaling has been associated with various types of cancer; however, the role of Notch in cervical cancer remains unclear. The present study aimed to investigate the role of Notch in cervical cancer. The methods used included the generation of plasmids, viability assays, polymerase chain reaction and western blotting The present findings demonstrated that cervical cancer samples also consistently exhibit abnormal activation of the Notch pathway...
April 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454395/notch1-targeted-regulation-of-mir-224-lrig2-signaling-for-the-proliferation-and-apoptosis-of-cervical-cancer-cells
#9
Lanxiang Cong, Fang Zhang, Huaihai Shang
In the present study, we explored the participation of Notch1 targeted regulation of mir-224/LRIG2 gene signal pathway in proliferation and apoptosis of cervical cancer cells. Forty-nine cases of cervical cancer lesion samples from cervical cancer patients treated in our hospital from February 2013 to February 2015 were chosen as subjects (the observation group), and cervical samples of healthy women (42 cases) during the same period were used as the control group. We determined the mRNA and protein expression of Notch1, mir-224, and LRIG2 genes...
April 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454375/a-comprehensive-analysis-of-cancer-driving-mutations-and-genes-in-kidney-cancer
#10
Chengmei Long, Jinbo Jian, Xinchang Li, Gongxian Wang, Jingen Wang
An accumulation of driver mutations is important for cancer formation and progression, and leads to the disruption of genes and signaling pathways. The identification of driver mutations and genes has been the subject of numerous previous studies. The present study was performed to identify cancer-driving mutations and genes in renal cell carcinoma (RCC), prioritizing noncoding variants with a high functional impact, in order to analyze the most informative features. Sorting Intolerant From Tolerant (SIFT), Polymorphism Phenotyping version 2 (Polyphen2) and MutationAssessor were applied to predict deleterious mutations in the coding genome...
April 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454364/personalized-therapy-tests-for-the-monitoring-of-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia-development
#11
Małgorzata Rogalińska, Paweł Góralski, Jerzy Z Błoński, Paweł Robak, Jan Barciszewski, Aneta Koceva-Chyła, Henryk Piekarski, Tadeusz Robak, Zofia M Kilianska
There is individual variation in the course of disease development and response to therapy of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Novel treatment options for CLL include a new generation of purine analogs, antibodies and inhibitors of specific cell signaling pathways, which typically induce apoptosis or necrosis. A prospective analysis of patient blood samples revealed that a combination of four tests allowed the most appropriate and effective type of treatment to be selected prior to drug administration, and for the analysis of leukemic cell sensitivity to anticancer drug(s) during disease development...
April 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454363/microrna-124-regulates-the-radiosensitivity-of-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-cells-by-targeting-txnrd1
#12
Chuncheng Hao, Xiangying Xu, Jia Ma, Jun Xia, Bingbing Dai, Lili Liu, Yuyan Ma
Radiation treatment remains one of the major modalities in the treatment of lung cancer. Although the majority of patients initially respond to treatment with radiation, resistance inevitably develops and leads to treatment failure. Therefore, the identification of the underlying molecular mechanisms of radiation resistance may facilitate the development of novel approaches for overcoming resistance, and enhance the efficacy of treatment with radiation in lung and other types of cancer. In the present study we established three radiation-resistant sub-cell lines derived from the radiation-sensitive lung cancer cell line HCC827...
April 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454347/effect-of-cigarette-smoke-exposure-and-mutant-kras-overexpression-on-pancreatic-cell-proliferation
#13
Howard P Glauert, R Scott Elliott, Sung Gu Han, Mark Athey, Eun Y Lee, C Gary Gairola
Pancreatic cancer is the fourth leading cause of cancer-associated mortality. The major risk factor for pancreatic cancer is cigarette smoking. Kras mutations are commonly observed in human pancreatic cancers. The present study examined the hypothesis that exposure to cigarette smoke and overexpression of a mutant Kras gene in the pancreas affects pancreatic cell proliferation in mice. Mice overexpressing the mutant Kras gene (KRas(G12D)) in the pancreas as well as wild-type mice were exposed to environmental tobacco smoke for 2 weeks...
March 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454341/the-role-of-fadd-in-pancreatic-cancer-cell-proliferation-and-drug-resistance
#14
Rong Zhang, Yingting Liu, Kahina Hammache, Liangqiang He, Bo Zhu, Wei Cheng, Zi-Chun Hua
Pancreatic cancer has one of the poorest patient outcomes and is highly resistant to chemotherapy. Identifying the molecular mechanisms involved in drug resistance is critical in the development of novel strategies to treat pancreatic cancer. The results of the present study demonstrate that Fas-associated death domain protein (FADD), a classical adaptor protein mediating apoptotic stimuli-induced cell death, protects pancreatic cancer cells from drug-induced apoptosis. In contrast to its classical apoptotic roles, it was observed that FADD is required for pancreatic cancer cell proliferation and that it is overexpressed to varying degrees in various types of pancreatic cancer cell...
March 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454339/puma-decreases-the-growth-of-prostate-cancer-pc-3-cells-independent-of-p53
#15
Zhengfei Shan, Qingzuo Liu, Yuling Li, Jitao Wu, Dekang Sun, Zhenli Gao
PUMA (p53 upregulated modulator of apoptosis), a member of the B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) protein family, is a pro-apoptotic protein. PUMA expression is modulated by the tumor suppressor p53. PUMA has a role in rapid cell death via p53-dependent and -independent mechanisms. To evaluate whether p53 is required for PUMA-mediated apoptosis in prostate cancer cells, p53 protein was silenced in human prostate cancer PC-3 cells by using p53 small interfering RNA (siRNA). The interference efficiency of p53 on RNA and protein levels was detected by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blotting...
March 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454323/microrna-29a-b-c-targets-inos-and-is-involved-in-protective-remote-ischemic-preconditioning-in-an-ischemia-reperfusion-rat-model-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#16
Yun-Fei Duan, Dong-Lin Sun, Jing Chen, Feng Zhu, Yong An
Remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) protects against the injury that is incurred by ischemia and reperfusion (IR); however, the role of RIPC in liver IR injury in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) remains unclear. In this study, a NAFLD rat model was utilized in a series of different surgical procedures and molecular experiments. Rats of the IR group and the RIPC+IR group exhibited more severe injury than NAFLD control rats (in which the liver was prodded following a median-incision laparotomy). The liver condition, measured by serum alanine transaminase and aspartate transaminase levels, of the RIPC+IR group was better than that of the IR group...
March 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454293/changes-in-mitochondrial-function-during-emt-induced-by-tgf%C3%AE-1-in-pancreatic-cancer
#17
Qingqu Guo
Mitochondrial dysfunction is linked to cancer. Differences in the number, morphology and function of mitochondria have been observed between normal cells and cancer cells. However, changes in mitochondrial function during epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in pancreatic cancer are less known. In the present study, the cultured human pancreatic cancer cell line Panc-1 was treated with transforming growth factor (TGF)β-1. Mitochondrial functions following TGFβ-1 exposure in pancreatic cancer were investigated...
March 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454283/targeting-of-growth-factors-in-the-treatment-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-the-potentials-of-polysaccharides
#18
Xuan Wang, Jieyu Ding, Yuanyuan Feng, Lingling Weng, Guangqiang Zhao, Jianfeng Xiang, Minguang Zhang, Dongwei Xing
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has become a leading cause of cancer-associated mortality worldwide and is thus of great concern. Although various chemotherapeutic drugs are currently used for the treatment of HCC, severe side effects associated with these treatments have prompted interest in novel therapies, including the use of certain biological macromolecules such as polysaccharides. Several studies have shown that polysaccharides have anticancer and antiproliferative effects on HCC. Vascular endothelial growth factor, transforming growth factor β, epidermal growth factor and fibroblast growth factor may be effective targets for polysaccharides and may modulate tumor growth and immunity through increasing the expression levels of cytokines...
March 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454274/role-of-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-on-cisplatin-resistance-in-ovarian-carcinoma
#19
Jing Tian, Rong Liu, Quanxin Qu
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is an essential site of cellular homeostasis regulation. ER stress (ERS) may induce autophagy in tumor cells that escape from apoptosis. The present study examined the effects and mechanism of ERS on cisplatin (DDP) sensitivity in ovarian carcinoma. SKOV3 tumor cells treated with Saquinavir were subjected to western blot and reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis to determine protein and messenger RNA (mRNA) expression levels of mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) and Beclin 1...
March 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454260/k9-c4h4fn2o2-2nd-pw11o39-2%C3%A2-25h2o-induces-apoptosis-in-human-lung-cancer-a549-cells
#20
Rong-Yao Xia, Ran-Ran Zhang, Zhe Jiang, Ya-Jiao Sun, Jing Liu, Fu-Hui Chen
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-associated mortality worldwide. The present study investigated the effects of K9(C4H4FN2O2)2Nd(PW11O39)2·25H2O (FNdPW), a chemically synthesized polyoxometalate that contains rare earth elements, on lung cancer growth, and explored the mechanism underlying its actions. The effects of FNdPW on the cell viability and apoptosis of human lung cancer A549 cells were measured using MTT assay, acridine orange/ethidium bromide staining and electron microscopy. The expression of apoptosis-related proteins, including B-cell lymphoma (Bcl)-2-associated death promoter (Bad), phosphorylated (p)-Bad, X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis (XIAP), apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF), Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax) and Bcl-2, was determined by western blotting...
March 2017: Oncology Letters
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