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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922826/the-burnley-dog-war-the-politics-of-dog-walking-and-the-battle-over-public-parks-in-post-industrial-britain
#1
Neil Pemberton
This article investigates controversies surrounding dog walking and dog fouling in 1970s and early 1980s Britain, focusing on the microhistory of a series of events in a Lancashire mill town that became known as the 'Burnley Dog War.' A ban on dog walkers from Burnley's main public parks triggered a highly publicised seven-year struggle over access. On one level, the park ban served as a rallying cry for dog lovers across Britain, widening the dividing line between dog owners and dog haters. On another level, it constituted a struggle between antagonists over questions of belonging and exclusion in a town devastated by large-scale deindustrialisation...
June 1, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922312/maximum-step-length-test-performance-in-people-with-parkinson-disease-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Ryan P Duncan, Marie E McNeely, Gammon M Earhart
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The Maximum Step Length Test (MSLT), a measure of one's capacity to produce a large step, has been studied in older adults, but not in people with Parkinson disease (PD). We characterized performance and construct validity of the MSLT in PD. METHODS: Forty participants (mean age: 65.12 ± 8.20 years; 45% female) with idiopathic PD completed the MSLT while "OFF" and "ON" anti-PD medication. Construct validity was investigated by examining relationships between MSLT and measures of motor performance...
October 2017: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922065/a-study-examining-the-effect-of-a-short-bout-of-postprandial-walking-on-the-glycemic-effect-of-a-meal-type-1-diabetes
#3
Samantha L Hinojosa, Cynthia J Heiss
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this pilot study was to determine whether 15 minutes of postprandial walking has an effect on the glycemic response to a breakfast beverage in individuals with type 1 diabetes (T1DM). METHODS: Seven participants, aged 22.3 ± 4.3 years, with T1DM using intensive insulin therapy completed 2 days of data collection. On day 1, participants measured baseline fasting blood glucose (BG) with a glucometer, consumed an 8-ounce Boost® beverage (41 grams carbohydrate), administered a bolus of insulin according to the carbohydrate load and fasting BG, and sat quietly, repeating BG measurements 15, 30, 60, 90, and 120 minutes after consumption...
September 18, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922044/evaluation-of-the-reliability-of-the-challenge-when-used-to-measure-advanced-motor-skills-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#4
F Virginia Wright, Chun Ying Lam, Bhavnita Mistry, Joan Walker
AIMS: The Challenge was designed as an extension to the GMFM-66 to assess advanced motor skills of children with cerebral palsy (CP) who walk/run independently. This study evaluated the Challenge's inter-rater and test-retest reliability. METHODS: Thirty children with CP (GMFCS level I [n = 24] and II [n = 6]) completed the Challenge, with re-testing one to two weeks later. Seven physiotherapist assessors passed the Challenge criterion test pre-administration. A single assessor administered and scored test and retest sessions (test-retest reliability)...
September 18, 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920767/auricular-vagal-nerve-stimulation-in-peripheral-arterial-disease-patients
#5
Gerald Hackl, Andreas Prenner, Philipp Jud, Franz Hafner, Peter Rief, Gerald Seinost, Ernst Pilger, Marianne Brodmann
BACKGROUND: Auricular nerve stimulation has been proven effective in different diseases. We investigated if a conservative therapeutic alternative for claudication in peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAD) via electroacupuncture of the outer ear can be established. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this prospective, double-blinded trial an ear acupuncture using an electroacupuncture device was carried out in 40 PAD patients in Fontaine stage IIb. Twenty patients were randomized to the verum group using a fully functional electroacupuncture device, the other 20 patients received a sham device (control group)...
September 18, 2017: VASA. Zeitschrift Für Gefässkrankheiten
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920549/rupture-of-a-non-traumatic-anterior-communicating-artery-aneurysm-does-location-of-aneurysm-associate-with-functional-independence-following-post-acute-in-patient-neurorehabilitation
#6
Henriette Holm Stabel, Asger Roer Pedersen, Søren Paaske Johnsen, Jørgen Feldbæk Nielsen
OBJECTIVE: Patients with non-traumatic rupture of an aneurysm located at the anterior communicating artery (ACoA) often experience cognitive disabilities. It is unknown whether location of aneurysm also affects the possibility for improvement in functional independence compared to patients with an aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (a-SAH) located elsewhere. The aim was to explore the association between location of aneurysm (ACoA versus other) and level of functional independence, measured by Functional Independence Measure (FIM), at discharge from rehabilitation...
September 18, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920477/if-it-looks-like-a-xanthogranuloma-and-walks-like-a-xanthogranuloma
#7
Paul B Medline
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920472/it-may-look-similar-to-a-xanthogranuloma-under-the-microscope-but-it-does-not-really-walk-like-one-clinically
#8
Sate Hamza, Alexandra Kuzyk, Shane Silver, Sharon Wallace, John Toole
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920458/nordic-walking-increases-circulating-vegf-more-than-traditional-walking-training-in-postmenopause
#9
P Izzicupo, M A D'Amico, A Di Blasio, G Napolitano, A Di Baldassarre, B Ghinassi
OBJECTIVES: Nordic walking (NW) is widely practiced by postmenopausal women. Its effects are peculiar owing to the involvement of more muscle groups than in traditional walking training (WT). Since mechanical load promotes secretion of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) from both skeletal muscle and muscle endothelium, the aim of the study was to compare the effect of NW and WT on VEGF levels. METHOD: Thirty postmenopausal women were randomly assigned to NW or WT...
September 17, 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919930/effects-of-12-weeks-of-nordic-walking-and-xco-walking-training-on-the-endurance-capacity-of-older-adults
#10
Tobias Morat, Jenny Krueger, Angus Gaedtke, Manuela Preuss, Joachim Latsch, Hans-Georg Predel
BACKGROUND: Several studies have already examined the positive effects of various forms of endurance training in patient groups and in healthy adults up to 60 years old. The aim of this study was to analyse the effects of Nordic Walking (NW) and XCO Walking (XCO) training on endurance capacity in healthy older adults, aged 60 years and older. METHODS: Twenty-three older participants (mean age: 69.9 ± 5.4 years) were randomly assigned to either the NW group or the XCO group...
2017: European Review of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919877/analysis-of-correlation-between-an-accelerometer-based-algorithm-for-detecting-parkinsonian-gait-and-updrs-subscales
#11
Alejandro Rodríguez-Molinero, Albert Samà, Carlos Pérez-López, Daniel Rodríguez-Martín, Sheila Alcaine, Berta Mestre, Paola Quispe, Benedetta Giuliani, Gabriel Vainstein, Patrick Browne, Dean Sweeney, J Manuel Moreno Arostegui, Àngels Bayes, Hadas Lewy, Alberto Costa, Roberta Annicchiarico, Timothy Counihan, Gearòid Ò Laighin, Joan Cabestany
BACKGROUND: Our group earlier developed a small monitoring device, which uses accelerometer measurements to accurately detect motor fluctuations in patients with Parkinson's (On and Off state) based on an algorithm that characterizes gait through the frequency content of strides. To further validate the algorithm, we studied the correlation of its outputs with the motor section of the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale part-III (UPDRS-III). METHOD: Seventy-five patients suffering from Parkinson's disease were asked to walk both in the Off and the On state while wearing the inertial sensor on the waist...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919734/usefulness-of-the-desaturation-distance-ratio-from-the-six-minute-walk-test-for-patients-with-copd
#12
Yukari Fujimoto, Yutaro Oki, Masahiro Kaneko, Hideki Sakai, Shogo Misu, Takumi Yamaguchi, Yuji Mitani, Hisafumi Yasuda, Akira Ishikawa
PURPOSE: A straightforward, noninvasive method is needed to assess emphysema and pulmonary hypertension (PH) in COPD patients. The desaturation-distance ratio (DDR) is an index derived from the distance traveled and level of desaturation during a six-minute walk test (6MWT); it has previously been shown to be associated with percentage of forced expiratory volume in the first second of expiration (%FEV1.0) and percentage of diffusion capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (%DLCO). The aim of this study was to examine the associations between DDR and emphysema and PH...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919733/cycle-ergometer-and-inspiratory-muscle-training-offer-modest-benefit-compared-with-cycle-ergometer-alone-a-comprehensive-assessment-in-stable-copd-patients
#13
Kai Wang, Guang-Qiao Zeng, Rui Li, Yu-Wen Luo, Mei Wang, Yu-He Hu, Wen-Hui Xu, Lu-Qian Zhou, Rong-Chang Chen, Xin Chen
BACKGROUND: Cycle ergometer training (CET) has been shown to improve exercise performance of the quadriceps muscles in patients with COPD, and inspiratory muscle training (IMT) may improve the pressure-generating capacity of the inspiratory muscles. However, the effects of combined CET and IMT remain unclear and there is a lack of comprehensive assessment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-one patients with COPD were randomly allocated to three groups: 28 received 8 weeks of CET + IMT (combined training group), 27 received 8 weeks of CET alone (CET group), and 26 only received 8 weeks of free walking (control group)...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919729/psychometric-properties-of-the-korean-version-of-the-pulmonary-rehabilitation-adapted-index-of-self-efficacy-praise-for-individuals-with-copd
#14
Hee-Young Song, Kyoung A Nam
PURPOSE: Self-efficacy is related to the emotional functioning and coping skills of an individual and is thought to be a predictor of health behaviors, which are particularly important for pulmonary rehabilitation (PR). To our knowledge, no measure of self-efficacy has been validated to explore behavior changes in the context of PR for patients with COPD in Korea. This study aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Korean version of the Pulmonary Rehabilitation Adapted Index of Self-Efficacy (PRAISE)...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919496/the-pandolf-equation-under-predicts-the-metabolic-rate-of-contemporary-military-load-carriage
#15
Jace R Drain, Brad Aisbett, Michael Lewis, Daniel C Billing
OBJECTIVES: This investigation assessed the accuracy of error of the Pandolf load carriage energy expenditure equation when simulating contemporary military conditions (load distribution, external load and walking speed). DESIGN: Within-participant design. METHODS: Sixteen male participants completed 10 trials comprised of five walking speeds (2.5, 3.5, 4.5, 5.5 and 6.5km·h(-1)) and two external loads (22.7 and 38.4kg). RESULTS: The Pandolf equation demonstrated poor predictive precision, with a mean bias of 124...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919201/macitentan-for-the-treatment-of-inoperable-chronic-thromboembolic-pulmonary-hypertension-merit-1-results-from-the-multicentre-phase-2-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#16
Hossein-Ardeschir Ghofrani, Gérald Simonneau, Andrea M D'Armini, Peter Fedullo, Luke S Howard, Xavier Jaïs, David P Jenkins, Zhi-Cheng Jing, Michael M Madani, Nicolas Martin, Eckhard Mayer, Kelly Papadakis, Dominik Richard, Nick H Kim
BACKGROUND: Macitentan is beneficial for long-term treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension. The microvasculopathy of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) and pulmonary arterial hypertension are similar. METHODS: The phase 2, double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled MERIT-1 trial assessed macitentan in 80 patients with CTEPH adjudicated as inoperable. Patients identified as WHO functional class II-IV with a pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) of at least 400 dyn·s/cm(5) and a walk distance of 150-450 m in 6 min were randomly assigned (1:1), via an interactive voice/web response system, to receive oral macitentan (10 mg once a day) or placebo...
September 8, 2017: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919121/the-utility-of-instrumented-dual-task-gait-and-tablet-based-neurocognitive-measurements-after-concussion
#17
David R Howell, Alexandra Stillman, Thomas A Buckley, Brant Berkstresser, Francis Wang, William P Meehan
OBJECTIVES: Quantitative and non-invasive measurements acquired by neurocognitive or gait evaluations are useful concussion management components. Emerging technology has allowed for the development of portable and objective tests which may be potentially useful across many settings where evaluations take place. Our aim was to examine the association between instrumented dual-task gait and tablet-based neurocognitive outcome variables with an acute concussion. DESIGN: A total of 59 collegiate athletes were identified and tested within 5days of concussion (n=18, 50% female, 20±1years of age) or as a part of a baseline examination (n=41, 29% female, 19±1years of age)...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918698/integrating-a-hip-belt-with-body-armour-reduces-the-magnitude-and-changes-the-location-of-shoulder-pressure-and-perceived-discomfort-in-soldiers
#18
Gavin K Lenton, Tim L A Doyle, Dan Billing, David J Saxby, Jeremy Higgs, David G Lloyd
Soldiers carry heavy loads that may cause general discomfort, shoulder pain, and injury. This study assessed if new body armour designs that incorporated a hip belt reduced shoulder pressures and improved comfort. Twenty-one Australian soldiers completed treadmill walking trials wearing six different body armours with two different loads (15 kg and 30 kg). Contact pressures applied to the shoulders were measured using pressure pads, and qualitative assessment of comfort and usability were acquired from questionnaires administered after walking trials...
September 18, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918597/effect-of-vibration-on-postural-control-and-gait-of-elderly-subjects-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Atefeh Aboutorabi, Mokhtar Arazpour, Mahmood Bahramizadeh, Farzam Farahmand, Reza Fadayevatan
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Gait and balance disorders are common in the elderly populations, and their prevalence increases with age. This systematic review was performed to summarize the current evidence for subthreshold vibration interventions on postural control and gait in elderly. METHOD: A review of intervention studies including the following words in the title/abstract: insole, foot and ankle appliances, vibration, noise and elderly related to balance and gait...
September 16, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918547/adaptive-step-goals-and-rewards-a-longitudinal-growth-model-of-daily-steps-for-a-smartphone-based-walking-intervention
#20
Elizabeth V Korinek, Sayali S Phatak, Cesar A Martin, Mohammad T Freigoun, Daniel E Rivera, Marc A Adams, Pedja Klasnja, Matthew P Buman, Eric B Hekler
Adaptive interventions are an emerging class of behavioral interventions that allow for individualized tailoring of intervention components over time to a person's evolving needs. The purpose of this study was to evaluate an adaptive step goal + reward intervention, grounded in Social Cognitive Theory delivered via a smartphone application (Just Walk), using a mixed modeling approach. Participants (N = 20) were overweight (mean BMI = 33.8 ± 6.82 kg/m(2)), sedentary adults (90% female) interested in participating in a 14-week walking intervention...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
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