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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141059/a-retrospective-study-on-efficacy-of-pulsed-dye-laser-and-intense-pulsed-light-for-the-treatment-of-facial-telangiectasia
#1
Lin Gao, Ni Gao, Wenting Song, Erle Dang, Rong Yin, Li Wang, Gang Wang
<p>Both pulsed dye laser (PDL) and intense pulsed light (IPL) systems have been demonstrated to be effective for treatment of facial telangiectasia, however there have been very few comparative studies between both treatments involving purely Asian patient populations. In this study, we performed a retrospective analysis to compare the efficacy of PDL and IPL systems for the treatment of facial telangiectasia. A total of 416 patients with facial telangiectasia who were treated by PDL or IPLs in our department from August 2012 to March 2015 were included in this study...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128522/biological-evidence-for-attention-bias-to-food-emotional-dysregulation-disinhibition-and-deficient-somatosensory-awareness-in-obesity-with-binge-eating-disorder
#2
Roni Aviram-Friedman, Nerys Astbury, Christopher N Ochner, Isobel Contento, Allan Geliebter
OBJECTIVES: To refine the biobehavioral markers of binge eating disorder (BED). METHODS: We conducted fMRI brain scans using images of high energy processed food (HEPF), low energy unprocessed food (LEUF), or non-foods (NF) in 42 adults (obese with BED [obese -BED; n=13] and obese with no BED [obese non-BED; n=29]) selected via ads. Two blood oxygenated level dependent (BOLD) signal contrast maps were examined: food versus nonfood, and HEPF versus LEUF. In addition, score differences on the disinhibition scale were correlated with BOLD signals...
November 8, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091347/thickness-mapping-of-individual-retinal-layers-and-sectors-by-spectralis-sd-oct-in-autosomal-dominant-optic-atrophy
#3
Nihada Corajevic, Michael Larsen, Cecilia Rönnbäck
PURPOSE: To assess layer- and location-specific retinal thickness deficits in autosomal dominant optic atrophy (ADOA) using Spectralis SD-OCT. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 41 ADOA patients with OPA1 exon 28 (2826delT) mutation [age, 8.6-83.5 years; best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), 8-89 Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) letters] and 55 mutation-free first-degree relatives as healthy controls (age, 8.9-68.7; BCVA, 80-99). Participants underwent routine examination and optical coherence tomography (OCT) with segmentation of the whole retina, inner retinal layers (IRL) and outer retinal layers (ORL)...
November 1, 2017: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067616/a-clinical-review-of-phototherapy-for-psoriasis
#4
REVIEW
Ping Zhang, Mei X Wu
Psoriasis is an autoimmune inflammatory skin disease. In the past several decades, phototherapy has been widely used to treat stable psoriatic lesions, including trunk, scalp, arms and legs, and partial nail psoriasis. A variety of light/lasers with different mechanisms of action have been developed for psoriasis including ultraviolet B (UVB), psoralen ultraviolet A (PUVA), pulsed dye laser (PDL), photodynamic therapy (PDT), intense pulsed light (IPL), light-emitting diodes (LED), and so on. Because light/laser each has specific therapeutic and adverse effects, it is important to adequately choose the sources and parameters in management of psoriasis with different pathogenic sites, severities, and duration of the disorder...
October 24, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063703/analysis-of-retinal-layer-thickness-in-diabetic-macular-oedema-treated-with-ranibizumab-or-triamcinolone
#5
Sonja G Prager, Jan Lammer, Christoph Mitsch, Julia Hafner, Berthold Pemp, Christoph Scholda, Michael Kundi, Ursula Schmidt-Erfurth, Katharina Kriechbaum
PURPOSE: To evaluate detailed changes in retinal layer thickness in spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) images during a 1-year follow-up of patients treated for diabetic macula oedema (DME). METHODS: Post hoc analysis of retinal layer thickness changes applying the automated layer segmentation of SD-OCT images in eyes with DME that were randomly assigned to receive pro re nata (PRN) treatment with either 0.5 mg ranibizumab or 8 mg triamcinolone...
October 24, 2017: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050924/-progression-of-nerve-fiber-layer-defects-in-retrobulbar-optic-neuritis-by-the-macular-ganglion-cell-complex
#6
D Hong, C Bosc, F Chiambaretta
INTRODUCTION: Recent studies with SD OCT had shown early axonal damage to the macular ganglion cell complex (which consists of the three innermost layers of the retina: Inner Plexiform Layer [IPL], Ganglion Cell Layer [GCL], Retinal Nerve Fibre layer [RNFL]) in optic nerve pathology. Retrobulbar optic neuritis (RBON), occurring frequently in demyelinating diseases, leads to atrophy of the optic nerve fibers at the level of the ganglion cell axons, previously described in the literature...
November 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994394/controlling-the-crack-formation-in-inkjet-printed-silver-nanoparticle-thin-films-for-high-resolution-patterning-using-intense-pulsed-light-treatment
#7
Pritesh Gokhale, Dana Mitra, Enrico Sowade, Kalyan Mitra, Henrique L Gomes, Eloi Ramon, Ammar Al-Hamry, Olfa Kanoun, Reinhard R Baumann
During the last years, intense pulsed light (IPL) processing has been employed and studied intensively for the drying and sintering of metal nanoparticle layers deposited by means of printing methods on flexible polymer substrates. IPL was found to be a very fast and substrate-gentle approach qualified for the field of flexible and large-area printed electronics, i.e. manufactured via roll-to-roll (R2R) processing. In this contribution, IPL is used for the fine-patterning of printed silver nanoparticle layers...
October 10, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973314/multidimensional-functional-and-structural-evaluation-reveals-neuroretinal-impairment-in-early-diabetic-retinopathy
#8
Katherine A Joltikov, Vinicius M de Castro, Jose R Davila, Rohit Anand, Sami M Khan, Neil Farbman, Gregory R Jackson, Chris A Johnson, Thomas W Gardner
Purpose: To test whether quantitative functional tests and optical coherence tomography (OCT)-defined structure can serve as effective tools to diagnose and monitor early diabetic neuroretinal disease. Methods: Fifty-seven subjects with diabetes (23 without diabetic retinopathy [no DR], 19 with mild nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy [mild NPDR], 15 with moderate to severe [moderate NPDR]), and 18 controls underwent full ophthalmic examination, fundus photography, spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), e-ETDRS (Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study) acuity, and the quick contrast sensitivity function (qCSF) method...
May 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972804/intense-pulsed-light-treatment-for-patients-with-hidradenitis-suppurativa-beware-treatment-with-resorcinol
#9
P Theut Riis, D M Saunte, V Sigsgaard, C Wilken, G Jemec
BACKGROUND: HS is a debilitating chronic skin disease of the hair follicle. Intense pulsed light therapy has been suggested for treatment of HS. In this letter we report a retrospective chart review of the Hidradenitis Suppurativa patients we have treated so far. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Twenty-five patients were treated with the Palomar LuxY IPL. Patients were treated with a pulse width of either 20 or 100 nm, using a fluence between 18 and 34 J/cm(2) depending on the area treated, pain response and skin type...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926885/-evaluation-of-short-term-effect-of-intense-pulsed-light-combined-with-meibomian-gland-expression-in-the-treatment-of-meibomian-gland-dysfunction
#10
B Rong, P Tu, Y Tang, R X Liu, W J Song, X M Yan
Objective: To explore short-term effect of intense pulsed light (IPL) combined with meibomian gland expression in treating meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD). Methods: This study was a prospective, randomized, double-masked, controlled study. Forty-four MGD patients were enrolled in the study and received three consecutive IPL treatments with an interval of 4 weeks. One eye of each patient was randomly assigned as the study eye receiving the IPL therapy with an energy of 14-16 J/cm(2), and the fellow eye was as the control eye receiving a placebo therapy with 0 J/cm(2)...
September 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919243/drugs-do-we-need-them-applications-of-non-pharmaceutical-therapy-in-anterior-eye-disease-a-review
#11
REVIEW
Priyanka Mandal, Mohammad A Khan, Sunil Shah
Natural products have been in use long before the introduction of modern drug therapies and are still used in various communities worldwide for the treatment of anterior eye disease. The aim of this review is to look at the current non-pharmaceutical modalities that have been tried and assess the body of existing evidence behind them. This includes alternative medicine, existing non-pharmaceutical therapy and more recent low and high tech solutions. A detailed search of all available databases including MEDLINE, Pubmed and Google was made to look for English-language studies for complementary and alternative treatment modalities (CAM), natural therapies and new modalities for anterior eye disease such as blepharitis, dry eye and microbial keratitis...
September 14, 2017: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915835/macular-retinal-and-choroidal-thickness-in-unilateral-amblyopia-using-swept-source-optical-coherence-tomography
#12
Syunsuke Araki, Atsushi Miki, Katsutoshi Goto, Tsutomu Yamashita, Go Takizawa, Kazuko Haruishi, Yoshiaki Ieki, Junichi Kiryu, Kiyoshi Yaoeda
BACKGROUND: To investigate macular retinal and choroidal thickness in amblyopic eyes compared to that in fellow and normal eyes using swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT). METHODS: This study examined 31 patients with hyperopic anisometropic amblyopia (6.9 ± 3.8 years, mean ± standard deviation), 15 patients with strabismic amblyopia without anisometropia (7.9 ± 4.2 years), and 24 age-matched controls (7.8 ± 3.3 years). Retinal and choroidal thickness was measured by 3D scans using SS-OCT...
September 15, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887117/analysis-of-cytokine-levels-in-tears-and-clinical-correlations-after-intense-pulsed-light-treating-meibomian-gland-dysfunction
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Ruixing Liu, Bei Rong, Ping Tu, Yun Tang, Wenjing Song, Rolando Toyos, Melissa Toyos, Xiaoming Yan
PURPOSE: To investigate the change from baseline of inflammatory markers in tears of dry eye disease (DED) subjects owing to meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) after intense pulsed light (IPL) treatment and meibomian gland expression (MGE) compared to sham treatment, and the correlations with ocular surface parameters. DESIGN: Randomized, double-masked, controlled study. METHODS: Those randomized into the active treatment arm received 3 consecutive treatments (14∼16 J/cm(2)) approximately 4 weeks apart in the periocular region...
November 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884244/lasers-and-intense-pulsed-light-ipl-association-with-cancerous-lesions
#14
Caerwyn Ash, Godfrey Town, Rebecca Whittall, Louise Tooze, Jaymie Phillips
The development and use of light and lasers for medical and cosmetic procedures has increased exponentially over the past decade. This review article focuses on the incidence of reported cases of skin cancer post laser or IPL treatment. The existing evidence base of over 25 years of laser and IPL use to date has not raised any concerns regarding its long-term safety with only a few anecdotal cases of melanoma post treatment over two decades of use; therefore, there is no evidence to suggest that there is a credible cancer risk...
November 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856093/from-word-reading-to-multisentence-comprehension-improvements-in-brain-activity-in-children-with-autism-after-reading-intervention
#15
Donna L Murdaugh, Jose O Maximo, Claire E Cordes, Sarah E O'Kelley, Rajesh K Kana
BACKGROUND: Children with ASD show a unique reading profile characterized by decoding abilities equivalent to verbal abilities, but with lower comprehension skills. Neuroimaging studies have found recruitment of regions primarily associated with visual processing (e.g., fusiform gyrus and medial parietal cortex), but reduced activation in frontal and temporal regions, when reading in adults with ASD. The purpose of this study was to assess neural changes associated with an intense reading intervention program in children with ASD using three fMRI tasks of reading...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790801/intense-pulsed-light-for-evaporative-dry-eye-disease
#16
REVIEW
Steven J Dell
There is a clear association between dry eye disease (DED) and skin inflammatory diseases occurring in close proximity to the eyelids, such as facial skin rosacea. Intense pulsed light (IPL) is widely accepted as a treatment for skin rosacea. A number of recent studies demonstrated that, in patients suffering from meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD), IPL therapy also reduces signs and symptoms of DED. Despite these encouraging results, in the context of DED and MGD, the mechanisms of action of IPL are not well understood...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770401/in-vitro-studies-to-evaluate-the-effect-of-varying-culture-conditions-and-ipl-fluencies-on-tenocyte-activities
#17
Jihad A M Alzyoud, Ilyas M Khan, Sarah G Rees
Tendons are dense, fibrous connective tissues which carry out the essential physiological role of transmitting mechanical forces from skeletal muscle to bone. From a clinical perspective, tendinopathy is very common, both within the sporting arena and amongst the sedentary population. Studies have shown that light therapy may stimulate tendon healing, and more recently, intense pulsed light (IPL) has attracted attention as a potential treatment modality for tendinopathy; however, its mechanism of action and effect on the tendon cells (tenocytes) is poorly understood...
August 3, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752575/ipl-vs-pdl-in-treatment-of-facial-erythema-a-split-face-study
#18
Marc Z Handler, Bradley S Bloom, David J Goldberg
BACKGROUND: Lasers and noncoherent intense pulse light sources effectively treat vascular lesions. Intense pulsed light (IPL), a nonablative treatment for photorejuvenation, uses a flashlamp which emits noncoherent light between 400 and 1400 nm. The light may be filtered to target a specific chromophore. The pulsed dye laser (PDL), at 595 nm, has been the historical standard of care in the treatment of facial erythema. We sought to determine whether IPL may be used in lieu of PDL in reducing facial erythema...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693690/clinical-evaluation-of-color-doppler-ultrasound-in-selecting-the-optimal-treatment-modality-for-infantile-hemangioma
#19
Min Li, Juan Liu, Maya Valeska, Dan Luo, Bingrong Zhou
Objective We investigated the efficacy and safety of 1064 nm Nd: YAG laser, intense pulsed light (IPL), and lauromacrogol injection in the treatment of hemangioma, in order to evaluate the value of color Doppler ultrasound guidance in choosing the optimal treatment modality. Methods Infantile patients who were clinical diagnosed as hemangiomas were randomly divided into group A, who had color Doppler ultrasound examinations before the treatment, and group B who had the treatment without ultrasound evaluation...
June 10, 2017: Chinese Medical Sciences Journal, Chung-kuo i Hsüeh K'o Hsüeh Tsa Chih
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663190/functional-and-structural-findings-of-neurodegeneration-in-early-stages-of-diabetic-retinopathy-cross-sectional-analyses-of-baseline-data-of-the-eurocondor-project
#20
Ana Rita Santos, Luísa Ribeiro, Francesco Bandello, Rosangela Lattanzio, Catherine Egan, Ulrik Frydkjaer-Olsen, José García-Arumí, Jonathan Gibson, Jakob Grauslund, Simon P Harding, Gabriele E Lang, Pascale Massin, Edoardo Midena, Peter Scanlon, Stephen J Aldington, Sílvia Simão, Christian Schwartz, Berta Ponsati, Massimo Porta, Miguel Ângelo Costa, Cristina Hernández, José Cunha-Vaz, Rafael Simó
This cross-sectional study evaluated the relationship between 1) functional and structural measurements of neurodegeneration in the initial stages of diabetic retinopathy (DR) and 2) the presence of neurodegeneration and early microvascular impairment. We analyzed baseline data of 449 patients with type 2 diabetes enrolled in the European Consortium for the Early Treatment of Diabetic Retinopathy (EUROCONDOR) study (NCT01726075). Functional studies by multifocal electroretinography (mfERG) evaluated neurodysfunction, and structural measurements using spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) evaluated neurodegeneration...
September 2017: Diabetes
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