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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693690/clinical-evaluation-of-color-doppler-ultrasound-in-selecting-the-optimal-treatment-modality-for-infantile-hemangioma-%C3%A2
#1
Li Min, Liu Juan, Maya Valeska, Luo Dan, Zhou Bingrong
Objective We investigated the efficacy and safety of 1064 nm Nd: YAG laser, intense pulsed light (IPL), and lauromacrogol injection in the treatment of hemangioma, in order to evaluate the value of color Doppler ultrasound guidance in choosing the optimal treatment modality. Methods Infantile patients who were clinical diagnosed as hemangiomas were randomly divided into group A, who had color Doppler ultrasound examinations before the treatment, and group B who had the treatment without ultrasound evaluation...
June 10, 2017: Chinese Medical Sciences Journal, Chung-kuo i Hsüeh K'o Hsüeh Tsa Chih
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663190/functional-and-structural-findings-of-neurodegeneration-in-early-stages-of-diabetic-retinopathy-cross-sectional-analyses-of-baseline-data-of-the-eurocondor-project
#2
Ana Rita Santos, Luísa Ribeiro, Francesco Bandello, Rosangela Lattanzio, Catherine Egan, Ulrik Frydkjaer-Olsen, José García-Arumí, Jonathan Gibson, Jakob Grauslund DMSci, Simon P Harding, Gabriele E Lang, Pascale Massin, Edoardo Midena, Peter Scanlon, Stephen J Aldington Hnd, Sílvia Simão, Christian Schwartz, Berta Ponsati, Massimo Porta, Miguel Ângelo Costa, Cristina Hernández, José Cunha-Vaz, Rafael Simó
Cross-sectional study evaluating the relationship between: a) functional and structural measurements of neurodegeneration in initial stages of diabetic retinopathy (DR); and b) presence of neurodegeneration and early microvascular impairment. We analyzed baseline data of patients with type 2 diabetes (n=449) enrolled in the EUROCONDOR study (NCT01726075). Functional studies by multifocal ERG (mfERG) evaluated neurodysfunction and structural measurements using spectral domain optical-coherence tomography (SD-OCT) evaluated neurodegeneration...
June 29, 2017: Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652906/photoepilation-and-skin-photorejuvenation-an-update
#3
Alessandro Martella, Mauro Raichi
The effectiveness of intense pulsed light (IPL) and laser devices is widely accepted in aesthetic dermatology for unwanted hair removal and treatment of a variety of cutaneous conditions. Overall, most comparative trials have demonstrated similar effectiveness for IPL and laser devices. Literature studies alternatively favor the IPL and laser concepts, but the incidence of severe local pain and side effects were generally lower with IPL. IPL phototherapy, already established as a sound option in photoepilation and treatment of photoaging, hyperpigmentation and other skin conditions, is also considered first choice in the phototherapy of skin vascular malformations...
March 13, 2017: Dermatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643046/clinical-evaluation-of-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-combined-bipolar-radiofrequency-and-optical-energies-vs-optical-energy-alone-for-the-treatment-of-aging-hands
#4
Ines Verner, Tuvia Dror Kutscher
Different treatment modalities are used for the treatment and esthetic improvement of aging hands. This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of a novel technology, which combines bipolar radio frequency (RF) and optical energies for the cosmetic treatment of aging hands. The objective of the study was to assess the efficacy, safety, tolerability, and patient satisfaction of combined bipolar radiofrequency and optical energies vs. optical energy alone for the treatment of aging hands. Thirteen female patients with solar lentigines on the back of the hands were enrolled...
June 23, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632409/l-satropane-prevents-retinal-neuron-damage-by-attenuating-cell-apoptosis-and-a%C3%AE-production-via-activation-of-m1-muscarinic-acetylcholine-receptor
#5
Ping Yu, Wei Zhou, Lu Liu, Ya-Bin Tang, Yun Song, Juan-Juan Lu, Li-Na Hou, Hong-Zhuan Chen, Yong-Yao Cui
Muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (mAChR) agonists have been used to treat glaucoma due to their intraocular pressure-lowering effects. Recently, it has been reported that retinal mAChRs activation can also stimulate neuroprotective pathways. PURPOSE: In our study, we evaluated the potential neuroprotective effect of L-satropane, a novel mAChR agonist, on retinal neuronal injury induced by cobalt chloride (CoCl2) and ischemia/reperfusion (I/R). METHODS: CoCl2-induced hypoxia injury in cultured cell models and I/R-induced retinal neuronal damage in rats in vivo were used to evaluate the abilities of L-satropane...
June 20, 2017: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623711/contribution-of-dopaminergic-and-noradrenergic-systems-in-the-antinociceptive-effect-of-%C3%AE-phenylalanyl-acetophenone
#6
Fernanda S S Sousa, Roberta G Anversa, Paloma T Birmann, Maurice N de Souza, Renata Balaguez, Diego Alves, Cristiane Luchese, Ethel A Wilhelm, Lucielli Savegnago
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the antinociceptive action of α-(phenylalanyl) acetophenone (PSAP) in mice. METHODS: Evaluated whether the serotonergic, adrenergic and dopaminergic systems are involved in PSAP antinociceptive activity. PSAP was administered intragastrically (ig) 30min prior to formalin or glutamate test and compared with a standard drug, meloxicam (10mg/kg, ig). RESULTS: The treatment with PSAP (10-50mg/kg) caused inhibition in the neurogenic phase and reduced the paw oedema caused by intraplantar (ipl) injection of formalin...
March 27, 2017: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616381/anosognosia-for-memory-deficits-in-mild-cognitive-impairment-insight-into-the-neural-mechanism-using-functional-and-molecular-imaging
#7
Patrizia Vannini, Bernard Hanseeuw, Catherine E Munro, Rebecca E Amariglio, Gad A Marshall, Dorene M Rentz, Alvaro Pascual-Leone, Keith A Johnson, Reisa A Sperling
Anosognosia, or loss of insight of memory deficits, is a common and striking symptom in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Previous findings in AD dementia patients suggest that anosognosia is due to both functional metabolic changes within cortical midline structures involved in self-referential processes, as well as functional disconnection between these regions. The present study aims to extend these findings by investigating the neural correlates of anosognosia in the prodromal stage of AD. Here, we used regional brain metabolism (resting state 18-F fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET)) to unravel the metabolic correlates of anosognosia in subjects with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) and subsequently resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) to investigate the intrinsic connectivity disruption between brain regions...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601911/repeatability-of-ganglion-cell-inner-plexiform-layer-thickness-measurements-using-spectral-domain-oct-in-branch-retinal-vein-occlusion
#8
Yeon Hee Lee, Min-Su Kim, Seung Il Ahn, Hye Jin Park, Kyung Sup Shin, Jung-Yeul Kim
PURPOSE: To analyze the repeatability of thickness measurements of the central macula, ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer (GC-IPL), and retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) before and after treatment of macular edema in branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO). METHODS: We analyzed patients with BRVO who visited our retinal clinic. The repeatability of the thickness measurements were compared using the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and coefficient of variation (COV) of affected versus normal fellow eyes...
June 11, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566911/intense-pulsed-light-and-q-switched-1-064-nm-neodymium-doped-yttrium-aluminum-garnet-laser-treatment-for-the-scarring-lesion-of-discoid-lupus-erythematosus
#9
Yun Sun Byun, Jee Hee Son, Yong Se Cho, Bo Young Chung, Hee Jin Cho, Chun Wook Park, Hye One Kim
Discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE) is a chronic form of cutaneous lupus that can cause permanent scarring. Treatment of DLE includes protection from sunlight and artificial sources of ultraviolet light, as well as systemic and topical medications. The first-line standard therapies are antimalarials and topical steroids. Other systemic therapies include systemic steroid, azathioprine, dapsone, and immunosuppressive agents. Topical tacrolimus and pimecrolimus have also been evaluated. Recent studies reported that several treatments, including pulsed dye laser, CO2 laser, intense pulsed light (IPL), and 1,064-nm long-pulse neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum (Nd:YAG) have been used for the cosmetic treatment of DLE...
June 2017: Annals of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529420/long-pulsed-nd-yag-laser-and-intense-pulse-light-755-nm-for-idiopathic-facial-hirsutism-a-comparative-study
#10
Arpit Shrimal, Souvik Sardar, Soumyajit Roychoudhury, Somenath Sarkar
BACKGROUND: Hirsutism means excessive terminal hair growth in a female in male pattern distribution. Perception of hirsutism is subjective. Permanent laser hair reduction is a slow process taking many sessions and tracking of improvement parameters is tedious. Hence, a lot of confusion still exists regarding the type of laser most beneficial for treatment. AIM: The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness and safety profile of long-pulsed Nd: YAG laser (1064 nm) and intense pulse light (IPL)-755 nm in management of idiopathic facial hirsutism...
January 2017: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528603/a-retrospective-study-of-multiple-sequential-light-and-laser-sources-to-activate-aminolevulinic-acid-in-the-treatment-of-acne-vulgaris
#11
Daniel P Friedmann, Mitchel P Goldman, Sabrina G Fabi, Isabella Guiha
Reports of the sequential use of multiple light and laser sources for topical 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) activation in photodynamic therapy (PDT) of inflammatory acne vulgaris are lacking. The authors sought to retrospectively compare field-directed ALA-PDT with blue light only, blue light + pulsed dye laser (PDL), blue light + intense pulsed light (IPL), blue light + PDL + IPL, or blue light + red light + PDL + IPL for inflammatory acne of the face or upper trunk. Results showed a trend toward greater patient-reported improvement with comparable tolerability using multiple, sequential light sources in ALA-PDT for acne vulgaris, albeit not statistically significant...
2017: Skinmed
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496300/prospective-evaluation-of-intense-pulsed-light-and-meibomian-gland-expression-efficacy-on-relieving-signs-and-symptoms-of-dry-eye-disease-due-to-meibomian-gland-dysfunction
#12
Steven J Dell, Ronald N Gaster, Sheila C Barbarino, Derek N Cunningham
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to estimate the efficacy of intense pulsed light (IPL), followed by meibomian gland expression (MGX), for reducing the number and severity of signs and symptoms of dry eye disease (DED) secondary to meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD). PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a prospective study conducted in two sites, 40 subjects (80 eyes) with moderate to severe MGD were enrolled. Major inclusion criteria consisted of at least two of the following measures being compatible with DED in both eyes: tear breakup time (TBUT), meibomian gland score (MGS), corneal fluorescein staining (CFS), Standard Patient Evaluation of Eye Dryness (SPEED) questionnaire, and tear film osmolarity (TFO)...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493982/comparison-of-spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomography-for-intra-retinal-layers-thickness-measurements-between-healthy-and-diabetic-eyes-among-chinese-adults
#13
Shu-Ting Li, Xiang-Ning Wang, Xin-Hua Du, Qiang Wu
PURPOSE: To compare intra-retinal layer thickness measurements between eyes with no or mild diabetic retinopathy (DR) and age-matched controls using Spectralis spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). METHODS: Cross-sectional observational analysis study. High-resolution macular volume scans (30° * 25°) were obtained for 133 type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients with no DR, 42 T2DM patients with mild DR and 115 healthy controls. The mean thickness was measured in all 9 Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) sectors for 8 separate layers, inner retinal layer (IRL), outer retinal layer (ORL) and total retina (TR), after automated segmentation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485872/new-lasers-and-light-sources-old-and-new-risks
#14
REVIEW
Uwe Paasch, Antje Schwandt, Nikolaus Seeber, Gerd Kautz, Sonja Grunewald, Merete Haedersdal
Recent developments (new wavelengths, treatment concepts, and combinations) in the field of lasers, intense pulsed light (IPL), LED, as well as new energy and light sources have opened up new therapeutic options that extend beyond mere aesthetic indications. Thus, while fractional lasers used to be employed to merely treat wrinkles, the same devices - in the context of laser-assisted drug delivery - have now become important tools in the treatment of scars, field cancerization, and epithelial tumors. The requirements posed to physicians, both with respect to establishing the indication and conducting treatment, have been growing along with the increase in technological complexity as well as the rising number of comorbidities and comedications in a patient population that continues to age...
May 2017: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476336/abnormal-neural-activity-as-a-potential-biomarker-for-drug-naive-first-episode-adolescent-onset-schizophrenia-with-coherence-regional-homogeneity-and-support-vector-machine-analyses
#15
Yi Liu, Yan Zhang, Luxian Lv, Renrong Wu, Jingping Zhao, Wenbin Guo
BACKGROUND: Patients with adolescent-onset schizophrenia (AOS) hold the same but severe form of symptoms with adult-onset schizophrenia, and with worse outcome and poor treatment response to antipsychotics. Several dominant brain regions of schizophrenia patients show significantly abnormal structural and functional connectivity during resting-state scans. However, coherence regional homogeneity (Cohe-ReHo) in drug-naive first-episode patients with AOS remains unclear. METHOD: A total of 48 drug-naive first-episode AOS outpatients and 31 healthy controls underwent resting-state functional magnetic resonance scans...
May 2, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463045/mitigation-of-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-inhibitor-induced-side-effects-utilizing-melanin-and-vascular-specific-lasers-a-case-report-series
#16
Karen Y Kuo, Bernice Kwong, Zakia Rahman
The advent of targeted chemotherapy has led to the emergence of new dermatologic toxicities. We sought to use lasers and light devices to treat recalcitrant cutaneous adverse effects related to cancer treatment. Three stage III or IV cancer patients with cutaneous complications due to epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitors were treated with melanin and vascular-specific laser and light technologies. Two patients reported reduction in papulopustular eruption following pulse dye laser (PDL) treatment...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461015/diagnostic-accuracy-of-spectralis-sd-oct-automated-macular-layers-segmentation-to%C3%A2-discriminate-normal-from-early-glaucomatous-eyes
#17
Marta Pazos, Agnieszka Anna Dyrda, Marc Biarnés, Alicia Gómez, Carlos Martín, Clara Mora, Gianluca Fatti, Alfonso Antón
PURPOSE: To evaluate the accuracy of the macular retinal layer segmentation software of the Spectralis spectral-domain (SD) optical coherence tomography (OCT) device (Heidelberg Engineering, Inc., Heidelberg, Germany) to discriminate between healthy and early glaucoma (EG) eyes. DESIGN: Prospective, cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: Forty EG eyes and 40 healthy controls were included. METHODS: All participants were examined using the standard posterior pole and the peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (pRNFL) protocols of the Spectralis OCT device...
August 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434049/a-prospective-study-of-the-safety-and-efficacy-of-a-combined-bipolar-radiofrequency-intense-pulsed-light-and-infrared-diode-laser-treatment-for-global-facial-photoaging
#18
Min Jiang, Fang Yan, Mathew Avram, Zhong Lu
The clinical features of photoaging include: skin texture changes, laxity, rhytides, pigmentary changes, and vascular changes such as erythema and telangiectasias. In order to meet patients' increasing demands for improving all aspects of photoaging at one office visit, employing a multi-modality treatment for all aspects of photoaging has become increasingly desirable for the physician and patient alike. We examine a novel device that employs bipolar radiofrequency (RF), intense pulsed light (IPL), and infrared diode laser...
April 23, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413776/dissociable-neural-processes-during-risky-decision-making-in-individuals-with-internet-gaming-disorder
#19
Lu Liu, Gui Xue, Marc N Potenza, Jin-Tao Zhang, Yuan-Wei Yao, Cui-Cui Xia, Jing Lan, Shan-Shan Ma, Xiao-Yi Fang
Risk-taking is purported to be central to addictive behaviors. However, for Internet gaming disorder (IGD), a condition conceptualized as a behavioral addiction, the neural processes underlying impaired decision-making (risk evaluation and outcome processing) related to gains and losses have not been systematically investigated. Forty-one males with IGD and 27 healthy comparison (HC) male participants were recruited, and the cups task was used to identify neural processes associated with gain- and loss-related risk- and outcome-processing in IGD...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352605/photo-epilation-with-intense-pulsed-light-for-thinning-of-anterior-hairline-after-hairline-correction-surgery-in-east-asians
#20
Jae Hyun Park, Seung Yong Lee, Seung Hyun You, Na Rae Kim
BACKGROUND: Thin hairs are critical to achieve natural result in female hairline correction surgery. However, there are few studies on the usefulness of hair thinning by intense pulsed light (IPL) after hairline correction surgery in East Asian females. METHODS: Hair thinning using IPL was performed in 54 women who had complained about thick hairs along the frontal hairline after hairline correction surgery. Patient mean age was 31.2 years old and patients were an average of 2...
March 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
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