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Varicose Vein Treatment

Sathasivam Sureshkumar, Narayan Vignesh, J Venkatachalam, Chellappa Vijayakumar, Sundaramurthi Sudharsanan
Background The color Doppler, a better investigation to identify the perforators objectively has replaced the clinical examination for the same. However, this has led to a significant number of negative explorations and cosmetic disfigurement. Objective To compare the efficacy of the clinical tests combined with the color Doppler versus color Doppler alone to identify the perforator incompetence during the surgery for primary varicose veins of the lower limb. Methods This was a prospective analytical study, including 61 lower limb varicose vein patients who belonged to the Clinical-Etiology-Anatomy-Pathophysiology (CEAP) class four-six, planned for the surgical treatment for perforator incompetence, excluding those requiring additional vascular or nonvascular procedure, recurrent varicose veins and those who had injection sclerotherapy prior to the surgery...
January 5, 2018: Curēus
Daniel F Geersen, Cynthia E K Shortell
Ambulatory phlebectomy is a well-known and widely used procedure for residual symptomatic venous disease. Tumescent anesthesia complements the procedure, providing the ability to perform this intervention in a wide range of practice settings. The procedures are well tolerated by most patients, and complications are rare. They include venous thromboembolism, infection, and hematoma and are generally simple to manage. Alternative and emerging techniques of powered phlebectomy and cyanoacrylate glue are providing alternative forms for treatment and will advance the practice further...
April 2018: Surgical Clinics of North America
Leelavathy Budamakuntla, Eswari Loganathan, Sacchidananda A Sarvajnamurthy, H V Nataraj
Introduction and Objectives: The restoration of the epithelium after injury takes place by migration of epithelial cells adjoining a wound or by centrifugal migration from hair follicles. To evaluate the feasibility and potential healing capacity of scalp follicular unit grafts transplanted into the wound bed of chronic leg ulcers. Materials and Methods: Patients with chronic nonhealing ulcers of more than 6 weeks duration were selected for the study. Those with infected ulcers and uncontrolled diabetes were excluded from the study...
October 2017: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
Renato Casana, Valerio Stefano Tolva, Andrea Odero, Chiara Malloggi, Gianfranco Parati
Purpose Endovascular ablation of the great saphenous vein has been proposed as a less invasive alternative to conventional ligation and stripping of varicose veins. Outcomes of patients treated with the radiofrequency ablation ClosureFast™ system over an eight-year period from a single-center were evaluated. Methods Three-year follow-up data included duplex ultrasound scan, complication rate, and questionnaires to assess patients' QOL, level of pain, and days off work. Results A total of 1080 consecutive patients (49...
January 1, 2018: Vascular
Seyyed Reza Sadat Ebrahimi, Elgar Enamzadeh, Hossein Babaei
BACKGROUND: Polidocanol is approved for its competence in treatment of varicose veins and spider veins; however, unfortunately, many of its off-label uses are still underappreciated. OBJECTIVE: Lack of an appropriate comprehensive review for off-label uses of this medication troubles physicians about making evidence-based decisions on prescribing it for its various outstanding off-label uses. This article attempts to provide physicians with the latest information concerning successful and unsuccessful use of polidocanol as an alternative treatment for esophageal and gastric varices, tendinopathy and epicondylitis, vascular malformations, varicocele, hydrocele and spermatocele, aneurysmal bone cysts, itching, management of gastrointestinal bleeding, simple renal cysts, reducing the incidence and severity of radio-induced dermatitis, and hemorrhoids...
February 23, 2018: Current Clinical Pharmacology
Daniel Paramythiotis, Patroklos Goulas, Petros Bangeas, Argiris Giannopoulos, Kostantinos Kapoulas, Vasileios Rafailidis, Georgios Papadopoulos, Kiriakos Ktenidis, Anna Kalogera-Fountzila, Antonis Michalopoulos
Collateral circulation is an alternative path occurring in case of venous or artery obstruction. This path may usually develop after primary recanalization. In our case, a 62-year-old woman presented to our Emergency Department complaining about a suprapubic swelling with a cyanotic discoloration of the overlying skin for the past 10 days for which she had been previously prescribed antibiotics. Investigation with ultrasound and contrast-enhanced computed tomography was performed. An imaging study revealed thrombosed pubic varicose collateral veins due to deep vein obstruction and occlusion of the left external iliac vein...
2018: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
Omeed Ahadiat, Shauna Higgins, Alexandre Ly, Azadeh Nazemi, Ashley Wysong
BACKGROUND: Endovenous thermal ablation is a popular treatment for varicose veins of the greater saphenous vein. Two common techniques of thermal ablation are endovenous laser therapy (EVLT) and radiofrequency ablation (RFA). OBJECTIVE: The authors compare EVLT and RFA in vein therapy. METHODS: A review was conducted using PubMed. Studies comparing the treatment modalities were gathered and compared on the basis of 5 main standpoints, including: efficacy, side effects, serious complications, recurrence, and quality of life...
February 15, 2018: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
Hongen Lei, Xing Guan, Hu Han, Xiaosong Qian, Xiaoguang Zhou, Xiaodong Zhang, Long Tian
INTRODUCTION: Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome (KTS) is a rare congenital vascular disorder characterized by a triad of cutaneous port wine capillary malformations, varicose veins, and hemihypertrophy of bone and soft tissues. AIMS: To report on a rare case of KTS in an adult man manifested by painless urethral bleeding during penile erection briefly review the clinical presentation and management of the genitourinary forms of this syndrome. METHODS: On presentation, the clinical features of this patient, including medical history, signs and symptoms, and imaging examinations, were recorded...
February 13, 2018: Sexual Medicine
Katherine Hulme, Thodur Vasudevan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Phlebology
Ulka Sachdev, Lena Vodovotz, Julie Bitner, Derek Barclay, Ruben Zamora, Jinling Yin, Richard L Simmons, Yoram Vodovotz
OBJECTIVE: Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) affects 25 million adults in the United States. Little emphasis has been placed on inflammatory changes associated with CVI. We hypothesize that in patients with early to mid-stage benign varicose vein disease, differences in circulating inflammatory mediators will be manifested in blood draining the involved area vs circulating blood in control subjects. METHODS: Patients undergoing either endovenous ablation or sclerotherapy for Clinical, Etiology, Anatomy, and Pathophysiology clinical class 3 to 5 disease underwent phlebotomy from regional veins at the time of the procedure...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
Mingyi Zhang, Tao Qiu, Xiaoqing Bu, Xiangtao Li, Gangzhu Liang, Huan Zhang, Luyuan Niu, Hui Zhao, Fuxian Zhang
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the current clinical practice and management strategies for varicose veins among Chinese physicians in general and in specific case vignettes. METHODS: A questionnaire survey was conducted among 726 Chinese physicians who were attending the vascular surgery academic conferences during August 2016 to May 2017 in China. Physicians were eligible if they were familiar with several currently used treatment techniques for varicose veins...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
Xin Li, Bo Yang, Xianlun Li, Shiyan Ren
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy of ligation after foam sclerotherapy (FSL) with foam sclerotherapy (FS) alone for patients with varicose veins prospectively. METHODS: Ninety-four patients with varicose veins underwent foam sclerothrapy alone and eighty-eight patients with varicose veins received ligation after foam sclerotherapy. Patients were followed up at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months after treatment. The postoperative complications were documented prospectively. RESULTS: In comparison with patients underwent FSL, patients treated with FS only had higher incidence of phlebitis within 4 weeks (14...
February 8, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Chongqing Huang, Guanfeng Yu, Jingyong Huang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical effect of endovascular interventional treatment for iliac vein compression syndrome (IVCS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The data of 68 patients with IVCS, underwent interventional treatment in our hospital, were analyzed retrospectively. Among these patients, 46 were complicated with lower extremity varicose veins. 65 patients underwent stent implantation, while 3 patients underwent simple balloon angioplasty. 14 patients were complicated with post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS) and 11patients with acute deep venous thrombosis (DVT)...
February 8, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Djordje Radak, Igor Atanasijevic, Mihailo Neskovic, Esma Isenovic
Chronic venous disease (CVeD) is a highly prevalent condition in the general population, and it has a significant impact on quality of life. While it is usually manifested by obvious signs, such as varicose veins and venous ulcers, other symptoms of the disease are less specific. Among the other symptoms, which include heaviness, swelling, muscle cramps and restless legs, pain is the symptom that most frequently compels CVeD patients to seek medical aid. However, there is a substantial discrepancy between pain severity and clinically detectable signs of CVeD, questioned by several opposing studies...
February 8, 2018: Current Vascular Pharmacology
Sreekanth Vemulapalli, Kishan Parikh, Remy Coeytaux, Victor Hasselblad, Amanda McBroom, Abigail Johnston, Giselle Raitz, Matthew J Crowley, Kathryn R Lallinger, W Schuyler Jones, Gillian D Sanders
BACKGROUND: Chronic lower extremity venous disease (LECVD) is twice as prevalent as coronary heart disease, and invasive therapies to treat LECVD accounted for an estimated $290 million in Medicare expenditures in 2015. Despite increasing use of these invasive therapies, their comparative effectiveness is unknown. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of treatments for patients (symptomatic and asymptomatic) with lower extremity varicosities and/or lower extremity chronic venous insufficiency/incompetence/reflux...
February 2018: American Heart Journal
Kosuke Matsuzono, Naoto Arai, Masayuki Suzuki, Younhee Kim, Tadashi Ozawa, Takafumi Mashiko, Haruo Shimazaki, Reiji Koide, Tohru Matsuura, Shigeru Fujimoto
Although foam sclerotherapy to varicose veins is now a popular treatment because of its high efficacy and safety, some neurologic complications have recently been reported. Presently, the effectiveness and safety of intravenous recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator therapy to stroke following foam sclerotherapy remain unclear. Here, we report the case of a 68-year-old woman whose ischemic symptoms following foam sclerotherapy were treated by intravenous recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Jean-Philippe Galanaud, Laurent Bertoletti, Maria Amitrano, Carmen Fernández-Capitán, José María Pedrajas, Vladimir Rosa, Manuel Barrón, Alicia Lorenzo, Olga Madridano, Isabelle Quéré, Susan R Kahn, Paolo Prandoni, Manuel Monreal
In patients with deep-vein thrombosis (DVT) in the lower limbs, venous ulcer is the most debilitating and end-stage clinical expression of the post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS). To date, risk factors for PTS-related ulcer in DVT patients have not been identified.We used the international observational RIETE registry to assess the evolution of PTS signs and symptoms during a 3-year follow-up period and to identify independent predictors of PTS ulcer at 1 year in patients with acute DVT.Among 1,866 eligible patients, cumulative rates of PTS ulcer at 1, 2 and 3 years were 2...
February 2018: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
Ana Beatriz D Grisolia, Christine C Nelson
Distichiasis is a challenging condition that may require multiple surgical interventions. Besides ophthalmologic concerns in children, distichiasis may be part of the lymphedema-distichiasis syndrome, which presents with lymphedema of variable time of onset. Other significant systemic disorders such as coarctation of the aorta and varicose veins have been reported in association with this syndrome and must be reviewed for proper patient care. The authors report the case of a 22-year-old male patient who had been treated for distichiasis and followed for 16 years...
January 16, 2018: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Jie Kong, Peng Liu, Jinyong Li, Xueqiang Fan, Jianyan Wen, Jianbin Zhang, Rongwei Xu, Yiyao Cui, Xia Zhen, Zhidong Ye
OBJECTIVE: We present our experience with endovascular surgery for recurrent varicose veins (RVV) of the lower limbs combined with the iliac vein compression syndrome (IVCS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was a retrospective analysis of 6 patients with RVVs combined with IVCS who were admitted to our hospital between January 2007 and December 2014. Transfemoral venography was performed to confirm IVCS. Balloon dilation and stent placement were successful in all 6 patients...
February 2018: International Journal of Surgery
Abdullah Albassam, Abdelmoneim Awad
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to identify the services provided by community pharmacists in Kuwait and their views regarding self-care in pregnancy and lactation. In addition, it determined the pharmacists' recommendations for treatment of pregnancy-related and breast feeding-related ailments. DESIGN: Cross-sectional questionnaire-based survey. SETTING: Community pharmacies in Kuwait. PARTICIPANTS: 207 pharmacies were randomly selected from the Ministry of Health database...
January 5, 2018: BMJ Open
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