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Echo cardiac

Gabriel Altit, Shazia Bhombal, Krisa Van Meurs, Theresa A Tacy
INTRODUCTION: Newborns with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) have varying degrees of pulmonary hypoplasia and pulmonary hypertension (PH), and there is limited evidence that cardiac dysfunction is present. We sought to study early neonatal biventricular function and performance in these patients by reviewing early post-natal echocardiography (ECHO) measurements and comparing them to normal term newborns. METHODS: Retrospective case-control study reviewing clinical and ECHO data on term newborns with CDH and normal controls born between 2009 and 2016...
March 9, 2018: Pediatric Cardiology
Da Wang, Aichi Chien, Jiaxin Shao, Fadil Abbas Ali, Peng Hu
The aim of this work was to develop and evaluate a fast phase contrast magnetic resonance imaging (PC-MRI) technique with hybrid one- and two-sided flow encodings only (HOTFEO) for accurate blood flow and velocity measurements of three-directional velocity encoding PC-MRI. Four-dimensional (4D) PC-MRI acquires flow-compensated (FC) and three-directional flow-encoded (FE) echoes in an interleaved fashion. We hypothesize that the blood flow velocity direction (not magnitude) has minimal change between two consecutive cardiac phases...
March 8, 2018: NMR in Biomedicine
Benjamin Marchandot, François Levy, Nicola Santelmo, Paul-Michel Mertes, Olivier Morel
BACKGROUND: Adequate strategies using either transthoracic (TTE) or transesophageal (TEE) echocardiography in patients receiving cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is an ongoing area of research. OBJECTIVES: As transthoracic point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) during cardiac arrest resuscitation might result in an increased duration of interruptions in the delivery of chest compressions; the use of TEE has been proposed as an alternative. METHODS: No technical complications of either TTE nor TEE are so far being reported in the literature...
March 2, 2018: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
Nadia A Farrag, Venkat Ramanan, Graham A Wright, Eranga Ukwatta
PURPOSE: Myocardial infarct (MI) may consist of an infarct core (IC) and a heterogeneous, semi-viable border zone (BZ). Patients with chronic MI in the left ventricular (LV) myocardium are at increased risk of developing ventricular arrhythmias, and may therefore qualify for implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) therapy. Indices based on MI mass, as determined by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging, are shown to be sensitive in predicting adverse ventricular arrhythmic events...
March 1, 2018: Medical Physics
Ashraf Abugroun, Osama Hallak, Fatima Ahmed, Safwan Gaznabi
Mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD) is a distinct entity of connective tissue disorders characterized by overlapping clinical features of various autoimmune diseases along with the presence of antibodies to ribonucleoprotein (anti-RNP). The prevalence of cardiac involvement in MCTD varies from 13% to 65% and accounts for approximately 20% of MCTD related mortality. In this case, we describe an elderly female patient with multiple complaints without a clear etiology on presentation. Echocardiogram revealed severe rapidly accumulating pericardial effusion causing tamponade necessitating pericardial window...
February 2018: Cardiology Research
Nobusada Funabashi, Hiroyuki Takaoka, Koya Ozawa, Yoshio Kobayashi
Peak longitudinal strain (PLS) of the left ventricular (LV) myocardium by transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE) is useful to detect LV myocardial damage. We hypothesized that myocardial fibrosis (MF) in the LV myocardium may influence PLS. Eighteen hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) patients (14 males; 58 ± 17 years old) underwent 1.5 Tesla cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) and TTE. Patients with previous myocardial infarction were excluded. We used TTE to assess whole-layer PLS in an American Heart Association-defined 17-segment LV model...
February 23, 2018: International Heart Journal
Kiran S More, Pankaj Sakhuja, Regan E Giesinger, Joseph Y Ting, Matthew Keyzers, Jesal N Sheth, Anie Lapointe, Amish Jain, Aideen M Moore, Steven P Miller, Patrick J McNamara
OBJECTIVE:  This article compares hemodynamic characteristics of neonates with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) receiving therapeutic hypothermia (TH) with normal versus abnormal brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS:  Serial echocardiography (echo) was performed within 24 hours, after 48 to 72 hours of cooling, within 24 hours of normothermia, and after starting feeds. Pulmonary hemodynamics, cardiac output, and ventricular function were evaluated...
February 23, 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
Arvind Sehgal, Kenneth Tan, Peter Ferguson
The objectives of this study were to characterize peri-operative echocardiographic (ECHO) assessments of right ventricular (RV) function and pulmonary hypertension (PH) and ascertain correlation with clinical outcomes in infants with left Bochdalek's hernia (LBH). This retrospective study in a quaternary neonatal intensive care unit involved electronic database search for infants with LBH during January 2009 to July 2017. Demographics, outcomes, and ECHO parameters were accessed from archived databases. Thirty-one infants with mean gestational age and birthweight (BW) 38...
February 23, 2018: Pediatric Cardiology
R Kleinloog, J J M Zwanenburg, B Schermers, E Krikken, Y M Ruigrok, P R Luijten, F Visser, L Regli, G J E Rinkel, B H Verweij
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Aneurysm volume pulsation is a potential predictor of intracranial aneurysm rupture. We evaluated whether 7T MR imaging can quantify aneurysm volume pulsation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In Stage I of the study, 10 unruptured aneurysms in 9 patients were studied using a high-resolution (0.6-mm, isotropic) 3D gradient-echo sequence with cardiac gating. Semiautomatic segmentation was used to measure aneurysm volume (in cubic millimeters) per cardiac phase...
February 22, 2018: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
Suraj D Serai, Andrew T Trout, Robert J Fleck, Charles T Quinn, Jonathan R Dillman
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is determine if both liver T2* and cardiac T2* can be measured on a single breath-hold acquisition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For this IRB-approved retrospective study, 137 patients with dedicated Cardiac MRI and Liver MRI examinations obtained sequentially on 1.5T scanners and on the same day were included for analysis. Both the cardiac and liver MRI examinations utilized GRE sequences for quantification of tissue iron. Specifically, T2* was measured using an 8-echo, multi-echo gradient echo single breath-hold sequence...
February 22, 2018: Abdominal Radiology
Fabian Kording, Bjoern P Schoennagel, Manuela Tavares de Sousa, Kai Fehrs, Gerhard Adam, Jin Yamamura, Christian Ruprecht
PURPOSE: Fetal cardiac MRI has the potential to play an important role in the assessment of fetal cardiac pathologies, but it is up to now not feasible due to a missing gating method. The purpose of this work was the evaluation of Doppler ultrasound (DUS) for external fetal cardiac gating with regard to compatibility, functionality, and reliability. Preliminary results were assessed performing fetal cardiac MRI. METHODS: An MRI conditional DUS device was developed to obtain a gating signal from the fetal heart...
February 21, 2018: Magnetic Resonance in Medical Sciences: MRMS
Lazaro E Hernandez
BACKGROUND: Microvascular dysfunction in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy has been associated with poor clinical outcome. Several studies have demonstrated a reduced perfusion reserve proportional to the magnitude of the hypertrophy. We investigated the utility of stress perfusion cardiac MRI to detect microvascular dysfunction in children with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. METHODS: From January 2016 to January 2017, 13 patients, with a mean age of 15.3 years, with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy underwent regadenoson stress perfusion cardiac MRI (1...
February 22, 2018: Cardiology in the Young
O V Stukalova, N A Mironova, S P Golitsyn, O P Aparina, D V Parkhomenko, E Y Strazdenj, S K Ternovoy
BACKGROUND: in the recent years, there has been an increasing number of publications postulating that data on left atrial (LA) structure obtained by late gadolinium enhancement magnetic resonance imaging (LGE MRI) can improve the management of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). At the same time, similar data regarding healthy LA myocardium is limited. AIM: to assess structural and functional properties of LA in healthy volunteers (HV) using cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) (including LGE MRI); to compare these properties in patients with AF and HV...
September 2017: Kardiologiia
Erika Kristina Lindstrøm, Jakob Schreiner, Geir Andre Ringstad, Victor Haughton, Per Kristian Eide, Kent-Andre Mardal
Background Investigators use phase-contrast magnetic resonance (PC-MR) and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) to assess cerebrospinal fluid dynamics. We compared qualitative and quantitative results from the two methods. Methods Four volunteers were imaged with a heavily T2-weighted volume gradient echo scan of the brain and cervical spine at 3T and with PC-MR. Velocities were calculated from PC-MR for each phase in the cardiac cycle. Mean pressure gradients in the PC-MR acquisition through the cardiac cycle were calculated with the Navier-Stokes equations...
January 1, 2018: Neuroradiology Journal
Mi-Na Kim, Jae-Min Shim, Jong-Il Choi, Seong-Mi Park, Young Hoon Kim, Wan Joo Shim
BACKGROUND: Female sex is a risk factor for thromboembolism (TE) in atrial fibrillation (AF); however, the underlying mechanisms are unclear. We postulated that left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction (LVDD) could be associated with increased thromboembolic risk in women. METHODS: From a retrospective cohort, 158 patients (female : male = 79:79) with nonvalvular AF were propensity score-matched for age, presence of diabetes, hypertension, coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure, embolic history, AF type, and AF duration...
February 20, 2018: Echocardiography
Chun-Li He, Zhao-Qian Wang, Chong-Fu Jia, Tao Cong, Liang Zhang, Zhi-Qiang Yang, Xi-Xia Sun, Si-Yao Sun
To investigate the capacity of biphasic cardiac CT (CCT) for qualitative and quantitative evaluation of different grades of left atrial appendage spontaneous echo contrast (LAASEC). The study included 267 inpatients with confirmed atrial fibrillation who underwent both CCT and transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). CT numbers for LAA, ascending aorta (AA), and left atrium (LA) were identified, and ROC curves for LAA, LAA/AA, and LAA/LA were plotted. With TEE as the standard, the sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV, and accuracy of CCT for LAASEC grade ≥ 1 were 60...
February 19, 2018: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Robert R Edelman, Ali Serhal, Amit Pursnani, Jianing Pang, Ioannis Koktzoglou
BACKGROUND: Existing cine imaging techniques rely on balanced steady-state free precession (bSSFP) or spoiled gradient-echo readouts, each of which has limitations. For instance, with bSSFP, artifacts occur from rapid through-plane flow and off-resonance effects. We hypothesized that a prototype cine technique, radial fast interrupted steady-state (FISS), could overcome these limitations. The technique was compared with standard cine bSSFP for cardiac function, coronary artery conspicuity, and aortic valve morphology...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
Andrea Frustaci, Alessandro De Luca, Valentina Guida, Tommaso Biagini, Tommaso Mazza, Carlo Gaudio, Claudio Letizia, Matteo Antonio Russo, Nicola Galea, Cristina Chimenti
BACKGROUND: Mutations of α-actin gene (ACTC1) have been phenotypically related to various cardiac anomalies, including hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and dilated cardiomyopathy and left ventricular (LV) myocardial noncompaction. A novel ACTC mutation is reported as cosegregating for familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and LV myocardial noncompaction with transmural crypts. METHODS AND RESULTS: In an Italian family of 7 subjects, 4 aged 10 (II-1), 14 (II-2), 43 (I-4) and 46 years (I-5), presenting abnormal ECG changes, dyspnea and palpitation (II-2, I-4, and I-5), and recurrent cerebral ischemic attack (I-5), underwent 2-dimensional echo, cardiac magnetic resonance, Holter monitoring, and next-generation sequencing gene analysis...
February 10, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
Omar Meziab, Dominic J Abrams, Mark E Alexander, Laura Bevilacqua, Vassilios Bezzerides, Doug Y Mah, Edward P Walsh, John K Triedman
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates the ability of experienced pediatric electrophysiologists (EPs) to reliably classify incomplete right bundle branch block (IRBBB) and assesses its clinical utility as an isolated ECG finding in a group of healthy outpatient children without prior cardiac evaluation. DESIGN: We performed a retrospective analysis of all electrocardiographic and echocardiographic records at Boston Children's Hospital between January 1, 2005, and December 31, 2014...
February 12, 2018: Congenital Heart Disease
Naureen Farook, L Cochon, A D Bode, B P Langer, A A Baez
BACKGROUND: Accurate identification of patients at risk of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) places a substantial burden on emergency physicians (EPs). Bayesian nomogram for risk stratification in low- to intermediate-risk cardiovascular patients has not been investigated previously. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to develop a comparative diagnostic model using Bayesian statistics for exercise treadmill test (ETT) and stress echocardiogram (ECHO) to calculate post-test diagnostic risk of MACE using HEART (history, electrocardiogram, age, risk factors, and troponin) risk score as predictor of pretest probability...
February 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
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