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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715078/polish-stress-echocardiography-registry-pol-stress-registry-a-multicenter-study-stress-echo-in-poland-numbers-settings-results-and-complications
#1
Edyta Płońska-Gościniak, Jarosław D Kasprzak, Szymon Olędzki, Jolanta Rzucidło-Resil, Piotr Gościniak, Tomasz Kukulski, Katarzyna Mizia-Stec, Wojciech Kosmala, Dariusz Kosior, Marta Marcinkiewicz-Siemion, Barbara Brzezińska, Beata Zaborska, Marcin Fijałkowski, Iwona Świątkiewicz, Andrzej Szyszka, Jan Błażejewski, Wojciech Witkiewicz, Zbigniew Gąsior, Danuta Sorysz, Agnieszka Olszanecka
BACKGROUND: Stress echocardiography (SE) is widely used in Europe. No collective data have been available on the use of SE in Poland until now. AIM: To evaluate the number of SE investigations performed in Poland, their settings, complications and results. METHODS: In this retrospective survey, referral cardiology centers in Poland were asked to fill in a questionnaire regarding SE examinations performed from May 01, 2014 to May 01, 2015. RESULTS: The study included data from 17 university hospitals and large community hospitals which performed 4611 SE examinations, including 4408 tests in patients investigated for coronary artery disease (CAD) and 203 tests to evaluate valvular heart disease (VHD)...
July 17, 2017: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714526/different-postconditioning-cycles-affect-prognosis-of-aged-patients-undergoing-primary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#2
Jie Zhang, Xin Zhang, Yuqi Cui, Misbahul Ferdous, Lianqun Cui, Peng Zhao
BACKGROUND: Postconditioning can affect the infarct size in acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, few studies show an effect of different postconditioning cycles on AMI aged patients. This study sought to assess the effect of different postconditioning cycles on prognosis in aged patients with AMI who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: 74 aged patients were randomly assigned to three groups. Control group; PC-1 group accepted postconditioning 4 cycles of 30 s inflation and 30 s deflation; PC-2 group accepted postconditioning 4 cycles of 60 s...
July 17, 2017: Cardiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708228/clinical-and-subclinical-cardiac-late-effects-in-pediatric-hodgkin-s-lymphoma-survivors
#3
Carlo Materazzo, Maura Massimino, Elisabetta Schiavello, Marta Podda, Lorenza Gandola, Graziella Cefalo, Serena Catania, Cristina Meazza, Ivan Moschetti, Monica Terenziani
PURPOSE: Cardiac late effects are responsible for a significant burden of mortality and morbidity among pediatric Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) survivors (HLS). The aim of our study was to assess clinical and subclinical cardiac sequelae in a cohort of childhood HLS treated in the 1980s with doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine (the ABVD regimen) and limited-field radiotherapy (RT). METHODS: We retrospectively examined a series of HLS treated from 1979 to 1989...
July 8, 2017: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706863/non-functional-tricuspid-valve-disease
#4
REVIEW
Dale S Adler
Only 75% of severe tricuspid regurgitation is classified as functional, or related primarily to pulmonary hypertension, right ventricular dysfunction, or a combination of both. Non-functional tricuspid regurgitation occurs when there is damage to the tricuspid leaflets, chordae, papillary muscles, or annulus, independent of right ventricular dysfunction or pulmonary hypertension. The entities that cause non-functional tricuspid regurgitation include rheumatic and myxomatous disease, acquired and genetic connective tissue disorders, endocarditis, sarcoid, pacing, RV biopsy, blunt trauma, radiation, carcinoid, ergot alkaloids, dopamine agonists, fenfluramine, cardiac tumors, atrial fibrillation, and congenital malformations...
May 2017: Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704916/three-dimensional-echocardiography-in-adult-congenital-heart-disease
#5
REVIEW
Hyun Suk Yang
Congenital heart disease (CHD) is now more common in adults than in children due to improvements in fetal echo, neonatal and pediatric care, and surgical techniques leading to dramatically increased survivability into adulthood. Adult patients with CHD, regardless of prior cardiac surgery, experience further cardiac problems or therapeutic challenges; therefore, a non-invasive, easily accessible echocardiographic examination is an essential follow-up tool. Among echocardiographic modalities, three-dimensional (3D) echocardiography provides better delineation of spatial relationships in complex cardiac geometries and more accurate volumetric information without geometric assumptions...
July 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704819/electrical-cardiometry-to-monitor-cardiac-output-in-preterm-infants-with-patent-ductus-arteriosus-a-comparison-with-echocardiography
#6
Kai-Hsiang Hsu, Tai-Wei Wu, I-Hsyuan Wu, Mei-Yin Lai, Shih-Yun Hsu, Hsiao-Wen Huang, Tze-Yee Mok, Reyin Lien
BACKGROUND: Electrical cardiometry (EC) is an impedance-based monitoring that provides noninvasive cardiac output (CO) assessment. Through comparison to transthoracic echocardiography (Echo), the accuracy of EC has been verified. However, left-to-right patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) shunting is a concern because PDA shunts aortic flow to the pulmonary artery and may interfere with EC in measuring CO. OBJECTIVE: To determine the agreement between EC and Echo in preterm infants with a hemodynamically significant PDA (hsPDA)...
July 14, 2017: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704174/evaluation-of-pulmonary-artery-pressure-in-patients-with-juvenile-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-sle
#7
Amra Adrovic, Reyhan Dedeoglu, Sezgin Sahin, Kenan Barut, Aida Koka, Dicle Cengiz, Funda Oztunc, Ozgur Kasapcopur
Juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus (jSLE) is a chronic multisystemic autoimmune disease. Previous studies among adults have shown impaired right ventricular (RV) function in patients with SLE. Also, these patients may develop pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH), which is one of the most threatening complications of SLE. Nevertheless, studies on PAH among jSLE patients are still rare. The aim of this study was to assess the RV function in jSLE patients by Doppler echocardiography (Echo Doppler). We also estimated pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) and mean pulmonary artery pressure (MPAP) in these patients...
July 13, 2017: Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693511/cardiac-findings-in-children-with-juvenile-dermatomyositis-at-disease-presentation
#8
Serdar Cantez, Gil J Gross, Ian MacLusky, Brian M Feldman
BACKGROUND: Juvenile Dermatomyositis (JDM) is a pediatric vasculopathy characterized primarily by skin and muscle involvement. Cardiac findings have been reported in children with JDM but have rarely been investigated in detail. METHODS: We aimed to describe the relevant clinical and laboratory cardiac findings of a cohort of patients with JDM, followed at one centre, at disease diagnosis. RESULTS: We performed a retrospective review of 105 patients with JDM, followed from 1991 to 2007...
July 11, 2017: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692675/cardio-haemodynamic-assessment-and-venous-lactate-in-severe-dengue-relationship-with-recurrent-shock-and-respiratory-distress
#9
Sophie Yacoub, Trieu Huynh Trung, Phung Khanh Lam, Vuong Huynh Ngoc Thien, Duong Ha Thi Hai, Tu Qui Phan, Oanh Pham Kieu Nguyet, Nguyen Than Ha Quyen, Cameron Paul Simmons, Christopher Broyd, Gavin Robert Screaton, Bridget Wills
BACKGROUND: Dengue can cause plasma leakage that may lead to dengue shock syndrome (DSS). In approximately 30% of DSS cases, recurrent episodes of shock occur. These patients have a higher risk of fluid overload, respiratory distress and poor outcomes. We investigated the association of echocardiographically-derived cardiac function and intravascular volume parameters plus lactate levels, with the outcomes of recurrent shock and respiratory distress in severe dengue. METHODS/PRINCIPLE FINDINGS: We performed a prospective observational study in Paediatric and adult ICU, at the Hospital for Tropical Diseases (HTD), Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam...
July 10, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688717/detection-of-cardiac-iron-overload-with-native-magnetic-resonance-t1-and-t2-mapping-in-patients-with-thalassemia
#10
Rungroj Krittayaphong, Shuo Zhang, Pairash Saiviroonporn, Vip Viprakasit, Prajak Tanapibunpon, Chulaluk Komoltri, Wipaporn Wangworatrakul
BACKGROUND: To investigate the diagnostic performance of native cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) T1 and T2 mapping for cardiac iron overload (CIO) in thalassemia patients. METHODS: All thalassemia patients who underwent CMR were enrolled on a clinical 1.5T scanner. Native T1 mapping with the Modified Look-Locker Inversion recovery (MOLLI) technique, T2 mapping using a black-blood multi-echo spin-echo technique, and conventional T2* mapping using multi-echo gradient-echo techniques were performed...
June 29, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687124/role-of-global-longitudinal-strain-in-predicting-outcomes-in-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy
#11
Hongyun Liu, Iraklis Pozios, Bereketeab Haileselassie, Alexandra Nowbar, Lars L Sorensen, Susan Phillip, Dai-Yin Lu, Ioannis Ventoulis, Hongchang Luo, M Roselle Abraham, Theodore P Abraham
Global longitudinal strain (GLS) is a sensitive indicator of global left ventricular function particularly in those with normal ejection fraction. We examined the potential value of GLS in predicting outcomes in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HC). Conventional and strain echocardiography was performed in 400 patients with HC followed for a median 3.1 years (interquartile range 1.2 to 5.6). Peak systolic strain from 3 apical views was averaged to calculate GLS. Patients were divided based on a previously published cutoff value of -16%...
May 30, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678556/electroanatomical-mapping-systems-and-intracardiac-echo-integration-for-guided-endomyocardial-biopsy
#12
Michela Casella, Antonio Dello Russo, Giulia Vettor, Giuseppe Lumia, Valentina Catto, Elena Sommariva, Valentina Ribatti, Viviana Biagioli, Fabrizio Tundo, Corrado Carbucicchio, Luigi Di Biase, Andrea Natale, Claudio Tondo
During the past years, endomyocardial biopsy (EMB) has gradually spread into clinical practice. However, the role of EMB in the diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases remains a controversial issue, especially in the setting of unexplained ventricular arrhythmias. Areas covered: This review describes the methodology of EMB guided by combined use of three-dimensional electroanatomical mapping systems and intracardiac echo and summarizes the classical, fluoroscopy-guided EMB technique. Finally, the personal experience acquired with the "electrophysiologist-made" integration methodology has been reported...
July 5, 2017: Expert Review of Medical Devices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677508/multimodality-imaging-for-interventional-cardiology
#13
Simona Celi, Nicola Martini, Luigi Emilio Pastormerlo, Vincenzo Positano, Sergio Berti
BACKGROUND: In the last decades, interventional cardiology has received fast and wide implementation as an effective alternative treatment to surgery for several congenital and acquired diseases. In this scenario, imaging provides solutions for most clinical needs, from diagnosis to prognosis and risk stratification, as well as anatomical and functional assessment. METHODS: In this review article, we present recent innovations in medical imaging for structural heart disease and coronary artery disease, emphasizing the progress achieved in the field of multimodality imaging and the solutions proposed to some as-yet unresolved technical problems for safe and effective procedural performance...
July 4, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676385/syncope-workup-greater-yield-in-select-trauma-population
#14
Melike Harfouche, Michael Cline, Michael Mazzei, Thomas Santora
BACKGROUND: There is great variation in practice regarding the assessment of trauma patients who present with syncope. The purpose of this study was to determine the yield of screening studies (electrocardiogram, echocardiogram, and carotid duplex) and define characteristics to identify groups that may benefit from these investigations. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of all trauma patients from 2003 to 2015 who received a carotid duplex as part of a syncope evaluation at our urban Level 1 Trauma Center...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671304/fast-precise-and-accurate-myocardial-t1-mapping-using-a-radial-molli-sequence-with-flash-readout
#15
B Marty, B Coppa, P G Carlier
PURPOSE: Quantitative cardiac MRI, and more particularly T1 mapping, has become a most important modality to characterize myocardial tissue. In this work, the value of a radial variant of the conventional modified Look-Locker inversion recovery sequence (raMOLLI) is demonstrated. METHODS: The raMOLLI acquisition scheme consisted of five radial echo trains of 80 spokes acquired using either a fast low-angle shot (FLASH) or a true fast imaging with steady-state-precession (TrueFISP) readout at different time points after a single magnetization inversion...
July 3, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665923/non-invasive-continuous-cardiac-output-and-cerebral-perfusion-monitoring-in-term-infants-with-neonatal-encephalopathy-assessment-of-feasibility-and-reliability
#16
Eva Forman, Colm R Breatnach, Stephanie Ryan, Jana Semberova, Jan Miletin, Adrienne Foran, Afif El-Khuffash
BACKGROUND: None invasive hemodynamic monitoring of infants with neonatal encephalopathy (NE) undergoing therapeutic hypothermia (TH) would be a potentially useful clinical tool. We aimed assess the feasibility and reliability of non-invasive cardiac output monitoring (NICOM) and near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) in this cohort. METHODS: NICOM and NIRS were commenced to measure cardiac output (CO), systemic vascular resistance (SVR), blood pressure (BP), and cerebral regional oxygen saturations (SctO2) during TH and rewarming...
June 30, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664568/circulating-microrna-in-patients-with-repaired-tetralogy-of-fallot
#17
Clare Tm Lai, Enders Ko Ng, Pak-Cheong Chow, Ava Kwong, Yiu-Fai Cheung
BACKGROUND: Emerging data suggest that heart-related microRNAs (miRs) may serve as circulating biomarkers of myocardial injury. We aimed to determine the circulating profile of miRs in patients with volume-overloaded right ventricles after repair of tetralogy (TOF). METHODS: A total of 104 TOF patients and 70 controls were recruited. The study was conducted into two phases: I) determination of circulating heart-related miRs described in left heart diseases (miR-1, miR-133a, miR208a, miR-208b and miR423-5p) by quantitative real time-PCR in 49 patients and 30 controls and followed by validation in an independent cohort of 55 patients and 40 controls; II) expression profiling of serum samples from 8 patients and 8 controls, followed by validation...
June 29, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663640/sonographic-evaluation-of-internal-jugular-vein-diameter-and-cross-sectional-area-measurements-in-correlation-with-left-ventricular-end-diastolic-area-as-a-tool-for-perioperative-assessment-of-volume-status-in-pediatric-patients-undergoing-cardiac-surgery
#18
Wafaa Mohamed Elsadek, Amal Hanfy Abo Elaela, Heba Mohamed Nassar, Mohamed Maher Kamel, Ahmed Abdelaziz Mohamed, Hassan Mohamed Ali
AIM: The aim of this study is to compare the ultrasound estimation of the cross-sectional area (CSA) and diameter of internal jugular vein (IJV) with left ventricular end diastolic area (LVEDA) for the assessment of intravascular volume in pediatric patients during cardiac surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The CSA and diameter of the left IJV were defined, using ultrasound machine, and compared with LVEDA, estimated by transesophageal echo, in four times intervals (immediately after induction [T1], before the start of cardiopulmonary bypass [CPB] [T2], immediately after weaning of CPB [T3], and at the end of surgery before transfer to the Intensive Care Unit [T4]) as a tool for intravascular volume assessment in 16 pediatric patients undergoing cardiac surgery...
April 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659144/impaired-right-ventricular-contractile-function-in-childhood-obesity-and-its-association-with-right-and-left-ventricular-changes-a-cine-dense-cardiac-magnetic-resonance-study
#19
Linyuan Jing, Arichanah Pulenthiran, Christopher D Nevius, Abba Mejia-Spiegeler, Jonathan D Suever, Gregory J Wehner, H Lester Kirchner, Christopher M Haggerty, Brandon K Fornwalt
BACKGROUND: Pediatric obesity is a growing public health problem, which is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease and premature death. Left ventricular (LV) remodeling (increased myocardial mass and thickness) and contractile dysfunction (impaired longitudinal strain) have been documented in obese children, but little attention has been paid to the right ventricle (RV). We hypothesized that obese/overweight children would have evidence of RV remodeling and contractile dysfunction...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656926/structural-echocardiographic-abnormalities-seen-in-hiv-aids-patients-are-independent-of-cd4-count
#20
J A Ogunmodede, P M Kolo, I A Katibi, A K Salami, Abo Omotoso
INTRODUCTION: The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection remains one of the most daunting public health challenges today. Cardiac involvement in HIV/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) is frequent and has been recognized on autopsy since the emergence of the pandemic. The objective of the study was to assess the pattern of structural echocardiographic (echo) findings in HIV/AIDS patients and compare this to the echo findings in apparently healthy HIV-negative controls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and fifty HIV-positive patients were recruited consecutively from the HIV patients attending the University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Ilorin, North Central, Nigeria...
June 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
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