keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pediatric obesity

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444706/adolescents-with-nocturnal-enuresis-and-daytime-urinary-incontinence-how-can-pediatric-and-adult-care-be-improved-ici-rs-2015
#1
REVIEW
Alexander von Gontard, Linda Cardozo, Angie Rantell, Jens-Christian Djurhuus
AIMS: Nocturnal enuresis (NE) and daytime urinary incontinence (DUI) are common in adolescents. The aim of this paper was to review studies on prevalence, clinical symptoms and associated risk factors and to formulate recommendations for assessment and treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic Scopus search was performed and relevant publications were selected. The topic was discussed during the ICI-RS meeting in 2015. RESULTS: One to two percent of older adolescents are affected by NE and 1% by DUI...
April 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440560/parental-perception-of-child-s-body-mass-index-and-health-within-primary-care
#2
Imelda Reyes, Melinda Higgins
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Overweight and obesity are sensitive issues to address with pediatric patients during any visit. Patients and families may not recognize that their child is overweight or obese and may not be ready to make change. The goals for this study were to collect overall statistics on the clinic in regards to weight status of children presenting for well child visits and to capture parental perception of the child's weight status in relation to child's age. METHODS: A consecutive sample of parents and caregivers with a child aged 2-18 completed the survey and consented for the study on the day of the survey during a well child visit...
April 25, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439217/pediatric-metabolic-syndrome-pathophysiology-and-laboratory-assessment
#3
Victoria Higgins, Khosrow Adeli
Pediatric overweight and obesity is an emerging public health priority as rates have rapidly increased worldwide. Obesity is often clustered with other metabolic abnormalities including hypertension, dyslipidemia, and insulin resistance, leading to increased risk of cardiovascular disease. This cluster of risk factors, termed the metabolic syndrome, has traditionally been reported in adults. However, with the increased prevalence of pediatric obesity, the metabolic syndrome is now evident in children and adolescents...
March 2017: EJIFCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439216/pediatric-obesity-and-cardiometabolic-disorders-risk-factors-and-biomarkers
#4
E Levy, A K Saenger, M W Steffes, E Delvin
Obesity remains the most prevailing disorder in childhood males and females worldwide. Its high prevalence markedly predisposes children to insulin resistance, hypertension, hyperlipidemia and liver disorders while enhancing the risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. In this review, the relationship of obesity with genetic and environmental factors will be described and the underlined causes will briefly be reported. As obesity in children constitutes an increasingly health concern, important potential biomarkers have been discussed for the diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of the wide range of overweight-related complications...
March 2017: EJIFCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435500/skin-to-intramuscular-compartment-thigh-measurement-by-ultrasound-in-pediatric-population
#5
Myto Duong, Albert Botchway, Jonathan Dela Cruz, Richard Austin, Kevin McDaniel, Cassie Jaeger
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric obesity threatens the efficacy of medications given intramuscularly. In anaphylactic patients, epinephrine auto-injector needle lengths are potentially too short to reach the muscle compartment in patients with elevated body habitus. The objective of the study was to determine needle-length requirements for intramuscular injections in pediatric patients. METHODS: We used ultrasound to measure the distance from skin to muscle compartment of the thigh in 200 pediatric patients of various weight and body mass index who presented to the emergency department...
April 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434027/can-ultrasound-be-used-as-the-primary-imaging-in-children-with-suspected-crohn-disease
#6
Timothy L Tsai, Megan B Marine, Matthew R Wanner, Matthew L Cooper, Steven J Steiner, Fangqian Ouyang, S Gregory Jennings, Boaz Karmazyn
BACKGROUND: There is growing literature on the use of ultrasound (US) for evaluation of Crohn disease in adults, but few studies have been conducted on children. Several studies demonstrated high accuracy of US in the diagnosis of Crohn disease. Using US as the primary screening imaging modality for Crohn disease can reduce health care costs, the need for sedation and ionizing radiation exposure. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study is to determine if US can be used for screening evaluation of pediatric Crohn disease...
April 22, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433203/the-limitations-of-transforming-very-high-body-mass-indexes-into-z-scores-among-8-7-million-2-to-4-year-old-children
#7
David S Freedman, Nancy F Butte, Elsie M Taveras, Alyson B Goodman, Cynthia L Ogden, Heidi M Blanck
OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations among several body mass index (BMI) metrics (z-scores, percent of the 95th percentile (%BMIp95) and BMI minus 95th percentile (ΔBMIp95) as calculated in the growth charts from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). It is known that the widely used BMI z-scores (BMIz) and percentiles calculated from the growth charts can differ substantially from those that directly observed in the data for BMIs above the 97th percentile (z = 1...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429483/management-of-periodontal-health-in-children-pediatric-dentistry-and-periodontology-interface
#8
REVIEW
Bernadette K Drummond, Michael G Brosnan, Jonathan W Leichter
The oral health of children and adolescents mirrors their general health. Because oral health care is often delivered in isolation from general health care, oral signs and symptoms do not always alert practitioners to their significance beyond the mouth. An important example of this is the association of a higher risk of dental caries and periodontal disease in children and adolescents with overweight, obesity and prediabetic conditions. Oral-health practitioners need to consider the health conditions that their patients may have...
June 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429405/child-body-mass-index-genotype-and-parenting-in-the-prediction-of-restrictive-feeding
#9
K K Bost, M Teran-Garcia, S M Donovan, B H Fiese
BACKGROUND: Restrictive feeding is implicated in pediatric obesity, and caregivers increase controlling feeding practices on the basis of higher child weight status. However, few studies have examined how child genetic and parenting characteristics together impact restrictive feeding. OBJECTIVES: We examined whether child body mass index (BMI) status predicts caregiver use of restrictive feeding and if this association is moderated by (i) caregiver strategies to manage their children's distress and (ii) child variations in the catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) gene (Val(158) Met, rs4680)...
April 21, 2017: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426902/hepatic-steatosis-after-pediatric-liver-transplant
#10
Emily R Perito, Tabitha Vase, Rageshree Ramachandran, Andrew Phelps, Kuang-Yu Jen, Robert H Lustig, Vickie A Feldstein, Philip Rosenthal
RATIONALE: Hepatic steatosis develops after liver transplant in 30% of adults, and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common chronic liver disease in non-transplanted children. However, post-transplant steatosis has been minimally studied in pediatric liver transplant recipients. We explored the prevalence, persistence, and association with chronic liver damage of hepatic steatosis in these children. RESULTS: In this single-center study of pediatric patients transplanted 1988-2015 (n=318), 31% of those with any post-transplant biopsy (n=271) had ≥1 biopsy with steatosis...
April 20, 2017: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426649/the-importance-of-appropriate-initial-bacterial-colonization-of-the-intestine-in-newborn-child-and-adult-health
#11
REVIEW
W Allan Walker
The fetus does not reside in a sterile intrauterine environment and is exposed to commensal bacteria from the maternal gut/blood stream which crosses the placenta and enters the amniotic fluid. This intestinal exposure to colonizing bacteria continues at birth and during the first year of life and has a profound influence on lifelong health. Why is this important? Intestinal crosstalk with colonizing bacteria in the developing intestine affects the infant's adaptation to extrauterine life (immune homeostasis) and provides protection against disease expression (allergy, autoimmune disease, obesity, etc...
April 20, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426647/association-of-prenatal-urinary-phthalate-metabolite-concentrations-and-childhood-bmi-and-obesity
#12
Kim G Harley, Kimberly Berger, Stephen Rauch, Katherine Kogut, Birgit Claus Henn, Antonia M Calafat, Karen Huen, Brenda Eskenazi, Nina Holland
BACKGROUND: Although experiments in animals suggest phthalates may have obesogenic effects, studies of prenatal exposure in children show inconsistent results. METHODS: We measured urinary concentrations of 11 phthalate metabolites collected twice during pregnancy from mothers in the Center for the Health Assessment of Mothers and Children of Salinas (CHAMACOS) cohort study (N=345). Height, weight, waist circumference, and percent body fat were assessed in their children between 5 and 12 years of age...
April 20, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426640/announcement-sleep-awareness-week-april-23-29-2017
#13
(no author information available yet)
Sleep Awareness Week, the National Sleep Foundation's annual campaign to educate the public about the importance of sleep in health and safety, will be observed April 23-29, 2017. The amount of sleep a person needs changes with age. Adults need ≥7 hours each night to promote optimal health and well-being (1); children and adolescents require even more sleep. Sleep needs decrease from 12-16 hours of sleep per 24 hours (including naps) for infants aged 4-12 months to 8-10 hours of sleep for teenagers aged 13-18 years (2)...
April 21, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422946/pediatric-cushing-disease-disparities-in-disease-severity-and-outcomes-in-the-hispanic-and-african-american-populations
#14
Alexandra Gkourogianni, Ninet Sinaii, Sharon H Jackson, Alexander S Karageorgiadis, Charalampos Lyssikatos, Elena Belyavskaya, Margaret F Keil, Mihail Zilbermint, Prashant Chittiboina, Constantine A Stratakis, Maya B Lodish
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the contribution of racial and socioeconomic disparities to severity and outcomes for children with Cushing disease (CD). METHODS: 129 children with CD, 45 Hispanic/Latino or African American (HI/AA) and 84 non-Hispanic White (non-HW), are included. A 10-point index for rating severity (CD-severity) incorporated degree of hypercortisolemia, glucose tolerance, hypertension, anthropomorphic measurements, disease duration, and tumor characteristics...
April 19, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422809/associations-between-dietary-intake-prior-to-6-months-of-age-and-rapid-weight-gain-among-hiv-exposed-uninfected-infants
#15
Daniela Neri, Fernanda C Oliveira, Aline M Carvalho, Gabriel A Somarriba, Gwendolyn B Scott, Tracie L Miller
INTRODUCTION: HIV-exposed, uninfected (HEU) infants are potentially at risk for cardiovascular disease due to in utero exposures. Feeding practices of the infant could compound this risk. However, few studies have evaluated dietary intake of HEU infants. We determined dietary factors associated with rapid weight gain (RWG) among HEU infants from birth to 6 months followed at the University of Miami HIV Screening Program. METHODS: In this cross-sectional analysis, logistic regression was used to determine dietary factors associated with RWG defined as a greater than 0...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412573/patient-characteristics-associated-with-differences-in-radiation-exposure-from-pediatric-abdomen-pelvis-ct-scans-a-quantile-regression-analysis
#16
Jennifer N Cooper, Daniel L Lodwick, Brent Adler, Choonsik Lee, Peter C Minneci, Katherine J Deans
BACKGROUND: Computed tomography (CT) is a widely used diagnostic tool in pediatric medicine. However, due to concerns regarding radiation exposure, it is essential to identify patient characteristics associated with higher radiation burden from CT imaging, in order to more effectively target efforts towards dose reduction. Our objective was to identify the effects of various demographic and clinical patient characteristics on radiation exposure from single abdomen/pelvis CT scans in children...
April 12, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411317/race-obesity-and-the-renin-angiotensin-aldosterone-system-treatment-response-in-children-with-primary-hypertension
#17
Andrew M South, Lester Arguelles, Gal Finer, Craig B Langman
BACKGROUND: Pediatric primary hypertension (HTN) is increasingly recognized, but the effect of patient characteristics such as obesity and race on treatment outcomes is not well described. The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) may also contribute to HTN. We hypothesized patient parameters of these factors, including baseline RAAS, influence blood pressure (BP) response to pharmacological treatment in HTN. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort of 102 consecutive patients with HTN...
April 14, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410325/is-the-obesity-paradox-valid-in-pediatric-intensive-care
#18
Patrícia Zamberlan, Artur Figueiredo Delgado, Werther Brunow de Carvalho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410182/parent-and-health-care-provider-perceptions-for-development-of-a-web-based-weight-management-program-for-survivors-of-pediatric-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-a-mixed-methods-study
#19
Sara Folta, Winnie Chang, Rachel Hill, Michael Kelly, Susan Meagher, W Paul Bowman, Fang Fang Zhang
BACKGROUND: Survivors of pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) may experience unhealthy weight gain during treatment, which has been associated with higher risk for chronic health issues. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to obtain feedback on weight management in pediatric ALL survivors and on the content and implementation of a Web-based weight management program. METHODS: Study participants included 54 parent survey respondents and 19 pediatric oncology professionals in 4 focus groups...
February 9, 2017: JMIR Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407367/a-review-of-early-influences-on-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviors-of-preschool-age-children-in-high-income-countries
#20
REVIEW
Ana Cristina Lindsay, Mary L Greaney, Sherrie F Wallington, Tatiana Mesa, Carlos F Salas
PURPOSE: Promoting physical activity (PA) is a key component of preventing and controlling childhood obesity. Despite well-documented benefits of PA, globally, rates of PA among young children have declined over the past decades, and most children are not accruing sufficient PA daily. Helping children develop the foundation for PA habits early in life is critical for the promotion of health in childhood and prevention of chronic diseases later in life, and will ultimately promote longer and healthier lives for individuals and the general population...
April 13, 2017: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
keyword
keyword
9713
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"