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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214041/why-intensity-is-not-a-bad-word-optimizing-health-status-at-any-age
#1
REVIEW
Gary R Hunter, Eric P Plaisance, Stephen J Carter, Gordon Fisher
Age-related declines in health and function make locomotion increasingly difficult leading to reductions in non-exercise activity thermogenesis (NEAT), skeletal muscle size and strength, and increased adiposity. Exercise is an important strategy to attenuate loss of function through the life cycle. Despite claims to the contrary, high-intensity exercise is important for the prevention of obesity and sarcopenia with advancing age. Therefore, the purpose of this mini-review is to present literature supporting the contention that low volume, high-intensity aerobic and/or resistance training can slow sarcopenia, sustain ease of movement, stimulate NEAT, and attenuate the accretion of fat mass...
February 9, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213647/increased-and-decreased-pelvic-incidence-sagittal-facet-joint-orientations-are-associated-with-lumbar-spine-osteoarthritis-in-a-large-cadaveric-collection
#2
Douglas S Weinberg, Raymond W Liu, Katherine K Xie, William Z Morris, Jeremy J Gebhart, Zachary L Gordon
PURPOSE: Degenerative joint disease of the lumbar spine is a pervasive problem in healthcare; however, its aetiology and risk factors remain poorly defined. There have been recent attempts to correlate the anatomic parameters of facet angle and pelvic incidence with spine osteoarthritis, although data remains limited. The purpose of this experiment was to determine how age, gender, race, facet angle, tropism, and pelvic incidence correlate to facet joint osteoarthritis in the lumbar spine...
February 17, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213342/virtual-visits-for-acute-nonurgent-care-a-claims-analysis-of-episode-level-utilization
#3
Aliza S Gordon, Wallace C Adamson, Andrea R DeVries
BACKGROUND: Expansion of virtual health care-real-time video consultation with a physician via the Internet-will continue as use of mobile devices and patient demand for immediate, convenient access to care grow. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study is to analyze the care provided and the cost of virtual visits over a 3-week episode compared with in-person visits to retail health clinics (RHC), urgent care centers (UCC), emergency departments (ED), or primary care physicians (PCP) for acute, nonurgent conditions...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213335/transformation-products-of-clindamycin-in-moving-bed-biofilm-reactor-mbbr
#4
Gordon T H Ooi, Monica Escola Casas, Henrik R Andersen, Kai Bester
Clindamycin is widely prescribed for its ability to treat a number of common bacterial infections. Thus, clindamycin enters wastewater via human excretion or disposal of unused medication and widespread detection of pharmaceuticals in rivers proves the insufficiency of conventional wastewater treatment plants in removing clindamycin. Recently, it has been discovered that attached biofilm reactors, e.g., moving bed biofilm reactors (MBBRs) obtain a higher removal of pharmaceuticals than conventional sludge wastewater treatment plants...
February 2, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213174/evidence-of-the-presence-of-a-calmodulin-sensitive-plasma-membrane-ca-2-atpase-in-trypanosoma-equiperdum
#5
María Carolina Pérez-Gordones, José Rubén Ramírez-Iglesias, Vincenza Cervino, Graciela L Uzcanga, Gustavo Benaim, Marta Mendoza
Trypanosoma equiperdum belongs to the subgenus Trypanozoon, which has a significant socio-economic impact by limiting animal protein productivity worldwide. Proteins involved in the intracellular Ca(2+) regulation are prospective chemotherapeutic targets since several drugs used in experimental treatment against trypanosomatids exert their action through the disruption of the parasite intracellular Ca(2+) homeostasis. Therefore, the plasma membrane Ca(2+)-ATPase (PMCA) is considered as a potential drug target...
February 14, 2017: Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212955/health-state-preference-weights-for-the-glasgow-outcome-scale-following-traumatic-brain-injury-a-systematic-review-and-mapping-study
#6
Gordon Ward Fuller, Monica Hernandez, David Pallot, Fiona Lecky, Mathew Stevenson, Belinda Gabbe
BACKGROUND: Valid and relevant estimates of health state preference weights (HSPWs) for Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS) categories are a key input of economic models evaluating treatments for traumatic brain injury (TBI). OBJECTIVES: To characterize existing HSPW estimates, and model the EuroQol five-dimensional questionnaire (EQ-5D) from the GOS, to inform parameterization of future economic models. METHODS: A systematic review of HSPWs for GOS categories following TBI was conducted using a highly sensitive search strategy implemented in an extensive range of information sources between 1975 and 2016...
January 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211686/multipole-moments-in-the-effective-fragment-potential-method
#7
Colleen Bertoni, Lyudmila V Slipchenko, Alston J Misquitta, Mark S Gordon
In the effective fragment potential (EFP) method the Coulomb potential is represented using a set of multipole moments generated by the distributed multipole analysis (DMA) method. Misquitta, Stone, and Fazeli recently developed a basis space-iterated stockholder atom (BS-ISA) method to generate multipole moments. This study assesses the accuracy of the EFP interaction energies using sets of multipole moments generated from the BS-ISA method, and from several versions of the DMA method (such as analytic and numeric grid-based), with varying basis sets...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211579/impact-of-treatment-variability-on-survival-in-immuno-competent-and-immuno-compromised-patients-with-primary-central-nervous-lymphoma
#8
Reem Karmali, Chadi Nabhan, Adam M Petrich, Jeffrey Raizer, David Peace, Rimas Lukas, Leo I Gordon, Sanjib Basu, Vineela Chukkapalli, Parameswaran Venugopal
Patients with primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) treated in the 'real-world' setting do not represent those treated on clinical trials and might not be treated similarly. We studied characteristics and variability in care for 113 newly diagnosed PCNSL patients treated at 5 institutions in the Chicago area between 2000 and 2012. In 111 patients, single modality therapy with a high dose methotrexate (HD-MTX) regimen +/- rituximab, was most commonly employed (n = 65), and 34 underwent radiotherapy (+/- systemic therapy)...
February 17, 2017: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211146/moving-beyond-being-a-good-doctor-to-thinking-about-good-doctoring-processes
#9
Lisi J Gordon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209980/the-contribution-of-the-human-posterior-parietal-cortex-to-episodic-memory
#10
REVIEW
Carlo Sestieri, Gordon L Shulman, Maurizio Corbetta
The posterior parietal cortex (PPC) is traditionally associated with attention, perceptual decision making and sensorimotor transformations, but more recent human neuroimaging studies support an additional role in episodic memory retrieval. In this Opinion article, we present a functional-anatomical model of the involvement of the PPC in memory retrieval. Parietal regions involved in perceptual attention and episodic memory are largely segregated and often show a push-pull relationship, potentially mediated by prefrontal regions...
February 17, 2017: Nature Reviews. Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209683/evaluation-of-6-remote-first-nations-community-based-buprenorphine-programs-in-northwestern-ontario-retrospective-study
#11
Solomon Mamakwa, Meldon Kahan, Dinah Kanate, Mike Kirlew, David Folk, Sharon Cirone, Sara Rea, Pierre Parsons, Craig Edwards, Janet Gordon, Fiona Main, Len Kelly
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate established opioid addiction treatment programs that use traditional healing in combination with buprenorphine-naloxone maintenance treatment in 6 First Nations communities in the Sioux Lookout region of northwestern Ontario. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Six First Nations communities in northwestern Ontario. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 526 First Nations participants in opioid-dependence treatment programs...
February 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209531/paired-editorial-comment-on-the-utility-of-weight-loss-medications-after-bariatric-surgery-for-weight-regain-or-inadequate-weight-loss-a-multicenter-study
#12
EDITORIAL
Gordon G Wisbach
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 9, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208897/a-validation-of-an-examination-protocol-for-cerebral-visual-impairment-among-children-in-a-clinical-population-in-india
#13
Swetha Sara Philip, Sherab Tsherlinga, Maya Mary Thomas, Gordon N Dutton, Richard Bowman
INTRODUCTION: Cerebral Visual Impairment (CVI) is a leading cause of vision impairment in developed and developing countries due to and increased survival of preterm and low birth weight infants. There are few data concerning the validity of protocols available to diagnose CVI. AIM: This study aimed to document the face, content and construct validity of an assessment protocol namely, a 15-domain, Structured Clinical Question Inventory (SCQI), which is based on structured history taking and clinical examination, for the diagnosis of CVI in a clinical population of India...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207627/letter-to-the-editor-regarding-oyewumi-m-wolter-ne-heon-e-gordon-ka-papsin-bc-cushing-sl-using-balance-function-to-screen-for-vestibular-impairment-in-children-with-sensorineural-hearing-loss-and-cochlear-implants
#14
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207063/optimizing-tubal-ligation-service-delivery-a-prospective-cohort-study-to-measure-the-task-sharing-experience-of-marie-stopes-international-ethiopia
#15
Olivia Nuccio, Birhanu Sendek, Min Hae Park, Tesfaye Mesele, Francis Ogojo Okello, Cristin Gordon-Maclean
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206826/the-nine-hole-peg-test-as-a-manual-dexterity-performance-measure-for-multiple-sclerosis
#16
Peter Feys, Ilse Lamers, Gordon Francis, Ralph Benedict, Glenn Phillips, Nicholas LaRocca, Lynn D Hudson, Richard Rudick
Impaired manual dexterity is a frequently reported disability in people with multiple sclerosis (MS) and is increasingly prevalent with worsening disease. While various tests and patient-reported outcome measures are available, the Nine-Hole Peg Test (NHPT) is considered as a gold standard measure of manual dexterity and most frequently used in MS research and clinical practice. The MS Outcome Assessments Consortium (MSOAC) includes representatives from advocacy organizations, Food and Drug Administration (FDA), European Medicines Agency (EMA), National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS), academic institutions, and industry partners along with persons living with MS...
February 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206765/ultrafast-electronic-energy-transfer-in-an-orthogonal-molecular-dyad
#17
Christian Wiebeler, Felix Plasser, Gordon J Hedley, Arvydas Ruseckas, Ifor D W Samuel, Stefan Schumacher
Understanding electronic energy transfer (EET) is an important ingredient in the development of artificial photosynthetic systems and photovoltaic technologies. Although EET is at the heart of these applications and crucially influences their light-harvesting efficiency, the nature of EET over short distances for covalently bound donor and acceptor units is often not well understood. Here we investigate EET in an orthogonal molecular dyad (BODT4) in which simple models fail to explain the very origin of EET...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205117/a-randomized-comparison-between-costoclavicular-and-paracoracoid-ultrasound-guided-infraclavicular-block-for-upper-limb-surgery
#18
Prangmalee Leurcharusmee, Maria Francisca Elgueta, Worakamol Tiyaprasertkul, Thitipan Sotthisopha, Artid Samerchua, Aida Gordon, Julian Aliste, Roderick J Finlayson, De Q H Tran
BACKGROUND: This two-centre randomized trial compared costoclavicular and paracoracoid ultrasound-guided infraclavicular brachial plexus block in patients undergoing upper limb surgery. We hypothesized that both techniques would result in similar onset times and designed the study as an equivalence trial. METHODS: Ninety patients undergoing upper limb surgery at or distal to the elbow were randomly allocated to receive a costoclavicular (n = 45) or paracoracoid (n = 45) ultrasound-guided infraclavicular brachial plexus block...
February 15, 2017: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203534/comparison-of-methanol-and-isopropanol-as-wash-solvents-for-determination-of-hair-cortisol-concentration-in-grizzly-bears-and-polar-bears
#19
Thomas Kroshko, Luciene Kapronczai, Marc R L Cattet, Bryan J Macbeth, Gordon B Stenhouse, Martyn E Obbard, David M Janz
Methodological differences among laboratories are recognized as significant sources of variation in quantification of hair cortisol concentration (HCC). An important step in processing hair, particularly when collected from wildlife, is the choice of solvent used to remove or "wash" external hair shaft cortisol prior to quantification of HCC. The present study systematically compared methanol and isopropanol as wash solvents for their efficiency at removing external cortisol without extracting internal hair shaft cortisol in samples collected from free-ranging grizzly bears and polar bears...
2017: MethodsX
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203293/european-society-for-medical-oncology-copenhagen-update-potential-practice-changing-findings
#20
EDITORIAL
Gordon Mallarkey, Axel Grothey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Medical Oncology
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