Read by QxMD icon Read

sudden deafness

Susannah Sherlock, Kenneth Thistlethwaite, Alessandro Rubini, Mohsina Khatun, Christopher Perry, Alexis Tabah
OBJECTIVE: To analyse predictive factors affecting outcome after treatment with hyperbaric oxygen (HBOT) in patients with idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSHL). METHODS: This is a retrospective audit of outcome in 77 consecutive patients referred for consideration of HBOT for ISSHL for either adjunctive treatment or after failure of steroid therapy. The hearing measured from the pre- and post-HBOT pure-tone audiogram (PTA4) at four frequencies; 500 Hz, 1 kHz, 2 kHz and 4 kHz, was averaged and compared...
September 2016: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
H Liang, S X Zhong
Objective: To investigate the possible factors related to recurrence and prognosis of sudden sensorineural hearing loss(SSNHL). Methods: Four hundred and ninety-five patients with unilateral sudden sensorineural hearing loss between January 2013 to April 2014 were analyzed retrospectively(34 patients lost to follow-up with a dropout rate of 6.87%). Twenty of the 495 patients were diagnosed as recurrent SSNHL and treated again in the same hospital. The data of the patients were summarized to analyze the related factors which might influence the recurrence and prognosis of SSNHL...
September 7, 2016: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
Malcolm Koo, Jin-Cherng Chen, Juen-Haur Hwang
BACKGROUND: Cochleovestibular symptoms, such as vertigo, tinnitus, and sudden deafness, are common manifestations of microvascular diseases. However, it is unclear whether these symptoms occurred preceding the diagnosis of peripheral artery occlusive disease (PAOD). Therefore, the aim of this case-control study was to investigate the risk of PAOD among patients with vertigo, tinnitus, and sudden deafness using a nationwide, population-based health claim database in Taiwan. METHODS: We identified 5,340 adult patients with PAOD diagnosed between January 1, 2006 and December 31, 2010 and 16,020 controls, frequency matched on age interval, sex, and year of index date, from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database...
2016: PloS One
Chao-Hsien Chen, Yi-Ho Young
CONCLUSION: Like NAC ameliorates hearing loss from acoustic trauma in the inner ear, NAC may also rescue hearing loss from sudden deafness confined to the inner ear. OBJECTIVE: This study assesses the effect of N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC) as a single therapy for sudden deafness. METHODS: Thirty-five sudden deafness patients with neither systemic disorders nor central signs in electronystagmography were treated with NAC alone and assigned to Group A...
August 24, 2016: Acta Oto-laryngologica
Ryosuke Doijiri, Hisakazu Uno, Kotaro Miyashita, Masafumi Ihara, Kazuyuki Nagatsuka
BACKGROUND: The sudden development of vertigo or dizziness without focal neurological symptoms is generally attributable to vestibular diseases such as benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. Isolated vertigo or dizziness attack needs more attention than vestibular diseases. This retrospective study was performed to elucidate the frequency of strokes in patients with isolated vertigo or dizziness attack. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We enrolled 221 patients (men, 119; women, 102; mean age, 68...
October 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Brendan P O'Connell, Jacob B Hunter, David S Haynes
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this manuscript is to review the initial management strategies for idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss, with an emphasis on the role that steroids play in treatment of this condition, and discuss options for auditory rehabilitation of persistent unilateral hearing loss. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent data suggest that hearing improvement may be greater for patients initially treated with both systemic and intratympanic steroid when compared with those treated with systemic steroids alone...
October 2016: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
Fumiyuki Goto, Miki Arai, Mitusru Kitamura, Tomoko Otomo, Ryoto Nagai, Shuujiro Minami, Takanobu Shimada, Tatsuo Matsunaga, Kouichi Tsunoda, Masato Fujii
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this case report was to investigate the relationship between sleep disorders and audio vestibular symptoms. CASE REPORT: A case of undiagnosed sleep disorder, presenting as a temporary auditory processing difficulty, is presented. The disorder was initially treated as sudden deafness with dizziness. A 23-year-old male patient complained of acute hearing disturbance despite normal results on pure tone audiometry. The patient was initially administered a steroid injection in the hospital...
March 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Sang Hoon Kim, A Ra Jung, Su Il Kim, Seung Geun Yeo
Granulomatosis with polyangiitisis [(GPA) or Wegener granulomatosis] is a multi-system disease characterized by granuloma formation and necrotizing vasculitis. GPA classically shows involvement of the respiratory tracts and the renal system. However, locoregional disease is common and may include otologic manifestations. Although otologic involvement can occur during the course of GPA, no report has described facial palsy with sudden sensorineural total deafness with vertigo as the presenting feature of GPA...
April 2016: Journal of Audiology & Otology
Gi Jung Im, Sung Kyun Kim, June Choi, Jae Jun Song, Sung Won Chae, Hak Hyun Jung
Conclusion This study demonstrated excellent hearing recovery following the combined treatment of diuretic and oral steroid, and electrocochleography (ECoG) was significantly higher than normal side. This study reports characteristics of acute low-tone hearing loss (ALHL) that show the greater low-tone hearing loss, the higher ECoG, and excellent recovery, even-though low-tone hearing loss is worse, which can be different compared with sudden deafness. Objective To analyze ALHL without vertigo, this study compared the ALHL group with all patients exhibiting low-tone hearing loss and ear fullness...
July 2016: Acta Oto-laryngologica
Hidefumi Suzuki, Michio Ono, Yasuhiro Kojima, Masutaro Kanda, Hiroshi Shibasaki, Mituaki Oki, Satoshi Nakano
We here report a 39-year-old woman of short stature with sensorineural deafness, who suddenly developed status epilepticus. T2-weighed image of brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a high signal lesion in the left temporal area, the distribution of which was not compatible with any particular arterial supply. Lactate and pyruvate were elevated in the serum and cerebrospinal fluid. As the mitochondrial gene analysis revealed the m.3243A>G mutation, diagnosis of mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episode (MELAS) was made...
2016: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
Masaharu Sakagami, Tadashi Kitahara, Tadao Okayasu, Akinori Yamashita, Akihito Hasukawa, Ichiro Ota, Toshiaki Yamanaka
OBJECTIVE: To examine the backgrounds of patients with audiovestibular disease regarding what influences their psychological state. METHODS: During a 12-year period, 375 successive patients with audiovestibular diseases were enrolled in this study. Diseases included unilateral (n=174) and bilateral (n=51) Menière's disease, sudden deafness with vertigo (n=70), and vestibular neuritis (n=80). Diagnosis, sex, age, duration of disease, vertigo frequency, persistent nystagmus, and ipsilateral/contralateral hearing levels were recorded...
December 2016: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Kate E Ahmad, Clare L Fraser, Carolyn M Sue, Jason J S Barton
A 45-year-old woman presented with acute sequential optic neuropathy resulting in bilateral complete blindness. No significant visual recovery occurred. Past medical history was relevant for severe preeclampsia with resultant renal failure, diabetes mellitus, and sudden bilateral hearing loss when she was 38 years old. There was a family history of diabetes mellitus in her mother. Testing for common causes of bilateral optic neuropathy did not reveal a diagnosis for her illness. The maternal and personal history of diabetes and deafness prompted testing for mitochondrial disease...
September 2016: Survey of Ophthalmology
Xiaorong Niu, Qing Zhang, Rui Zhang
Hearing loss caused by cochlear damage is the main symptom of sudden deafness (SD). Some patients also suffer from vestibular symptoms. In recent years, more attention has been paid to the vestibular dysfunction in patients with SD. The lesions could involve the whole inner ear in SD patients with and without vertigo. Comprehensive evaluation of vestibular function may help us understand the extent of lesions in sudden deafness and analyze the pathogenesis of disease. A less involvement of inner ear lesion may indicate a better hearing recovery...
November 2015: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
Xihang Chen, Chang Lin, Zheming Fang, Xi Chen, Shengnan Ye, Jinmei Cheng, Rong Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical features, diagnosis and prognosis of sudden sensorineural hearing loss accompanied with inner ear hemorrhage. METHODS: Eleven cases of sudden sensorineural hearing loss accompanied with inner ear hemorrhage were retrospectively analyzed, including clinical manifestation, hematological and audiological examinations, as well as characteristics of inner ear three-dimensional fluid-attenuated inversion recovery magnetic resonance imaging (3D-FLAIR MRI)...
December 2015: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
Monique Antunes de Souza Chelminski Barreto, Aleluia Lima Losno Ledesma, Carlos Augusto Costa Pires de Oliveira, Fayez Bahmad
INTRODUCTION: Sudden deafness is characterized by an abrupt hearing loss of at least 30dB in three sequential frequencies in the standard pure tone audiogram over three days or less. Treatment is based on its etiology, and oral corticosteroids are widely used. Intratympanic corticosteroids are included as primary or secondary treatment when there is no improvement with the use of oral corticosteroids. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of therapy with intratympanic steroids in sudden deafness...
May 2016: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Tsung-Yi Cho, Po-Wen Cheng, Yi-Ho Young
OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: The beneficial effect of intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) on reducing the prevalence of postirradiated sudden deafness (PISD) in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) survivors has never been mentioned. This study investigated the evolution of PISD in NPC survivors during the past two decades. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. METHODS: Of the 3,206 NPC patients who underwent radiotherapy during the past two decades, 32 patients (34 ears) had PISD...
September 2016: Laryngoscope
Jeong Jin Park, Se Won Jeong, Jae Wook Lee, Su-Jin Han
Sudden hearing deterioration may occur in our population, but it is difficult to explain the exact pathophysiology and the cause. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) is usually useful to evaluate neural lesions such as acoustic schwannoma and hemorrhage in labyrinth. Recently some cases of SSNHL caused by intralabyrintine hemorrhage were reported by the advance of MRI. In the case of intralabyrintine hemorrhage, MRI showed a hyperintense signal in the labyrinth on the pre-contrast and contrast enhanced T1-weighted image and relatively weak intensity on T2-weighted image...
December 2015: Journal of Audiology & Otology
Won-Ju Park, Jai-Dong Moon
Aircraft maintenance crews are constantly exposed to severe aircraft noise. The purpose of this study was to verify whether noise from aircraft, adversely affects the hearing threshold levels (HTLs) of aircraft maintenance conscripts during the 2 years of their mandatory military service. This study included 3,000 male aircraft maintenance conscripts who work in the military runway area. We measured and analyzed HTLs at 2-4 kHz. The duration of exposure to noise increased with an increase in rank, however HTLs showed a tendency to decrease...
January 12, 2016: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
Takayuki Nakagawa, Michio Yamamoto, Kozo Kumakawa, Shin-Ichi Usami, Naohito Hato, Keiji Tabuchi, Mariko Takahashi, Keizo Fujiwara, Akira Sasaki, Shizuo Komune, Norio Yamamoto, Harukazu Hiraumi, Tatsunori Sakamoto, Akira Shimizu, Juichi Ito
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prognostic factors for hearing recovery in patients with sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSHL) refractory to systemic corticosteroids following salvage treatment. METHODS: This is a retrospective observational study at nine tertiary referral hospitals. A total of 120 patients with sudden deafness refractory to systemic corticosteroids were enrolled. The patients were randomly assigned to receive topical application of recombinant human IGF-1 or intratympanic injection of dexamethasone as salvage treatment...
December 28, 2015: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Chengfang Chen, Mingming Wang, Zhaomin Fan, Daogong Zhang, Yafeng Lyu, Hongya Wang, Haibo Wang
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine whether blood lipid parameters were related to the severity and the prognosis of idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSNHL) patients. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of 258 patients with ISSNHL from December 2013 to February 2015. The distribution characteristics of lipids [total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), Non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (Non-HDL-C), et al] in different degree of deafness (mild, moderate, severe, and profound), hearing curve types (low frequency, high frequency, full range frequency, and completely deafness type) and prognosis of recovery (complete, partial, slight, and no recovery) were analyzed by IBM SPSS 22...
October 2015: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"