keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Immune sedation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277549/the-final-oral-ebola-vaccine-trial-on-captive-chimpanzees
#1
Peter D Walsh, Drishya Kurup, Dana L Hasselschwert, Christoph Wirblich, Jason E Goetzmann, Matthias J Schnell
Could new oral vaccine technologies protect endangered wildlife against a rising tide of infectious disease? We used captive chimpanzees to test oral delivery of a rabies virus (RABV) vectored vaccine against Ebola virus (EBOV), a major threat to wild chimpanzees and gorillas. EBOV GP and RABV GP-specific antibody titers increased exponentially during the trial, with rates of increase for six orally vaccinated chimpanzees very similar to four intramuscularly vaccinated controls. Chimpanzee sera also showed robust neutralizing activity against RABV and pseudo-typed EBOV...
March 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272202/effects-of-combined-epidural-and-general-anesthesia-on-intraoperative-hemodynamic-responses-postoperative-cellular-immunity-and-prognosis-in-patients-with-gallbladder-cancer-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Jun Zhu, Xue-Rong Zhang, Hu Yang
BACKGROUND: This study is supposed to investigate the effects of combined epidural and general anesthesia on intraoperative hemodynamic responses, postoperative cellular immunity, and prognosis in patients with gallbladder cancer (GBC). METHODS: One hundred forty-four GBC patients were selected and randomly divided into the general anesthesia (GA) group and the combined epidural-general anesthesia (CEGA) group. Before anesthesia induction (t0), at intubation (t1), at the beginning of surgery (t2), 5 minutes after pneumoperitoneum (t3), at the end of surgery (t4), after recovery of spontaneous breathing (t5), after regaining consciousness (t6), and after extubation (t7), the heart rate (HR), systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and the depth of anesthesia (bispectral index [BIS]) were detected...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247333/dexmedetomidine-regulates-6-hydroxydopamine-induced-microglial-polarization
#3
Pei Zhang, Yu Li, Xuechang Han, Qunzhi Xing, Lei Zhao
Microglia have undergone extensive characterization and have been shown to present distinct phenotypes, such as the M1 or M2 phenotypes, depending on their stimuli. As a highly specific neurotoxin, 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) can be used to further our understanding of the immune response in Parkinson's disease (PD). Dexmedetomidine (DEX), a centrally selective α2-adrenoceptor agonist, performs very well as an anti-anxiety medication, sedative and analgesic. In the present study, we investigated the effects of DEX on 6-OHDA-induced microglial polarization...
February 28, 2017: Neurochemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986929/genetic-and-pharmacologic-manipulation-of-tlr4-has-minimal-impact-on-ethanol-consumption-in-rodents
#4
R Adron Harris, Michal Bajo, Richard L Bell, Yuri A Blednov, Florence P Varodayan, Jay M Truitt, Giordano de Guglielmo, Amy W Lasek, Marian L Logrip, Leandro F Vendruscolo, Amanda J Roberts, Edward Roberts, Olivier George, Jody Mayfield, Timothy R Billiar, David J Hackam, R Dayne Mayfield, George F Koob, Marisa Roberto, Gregg E Homanics
Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) is a critical component of innate immune signaling and has been implicated in alcohol responses in preclinical and clinical models. Members of the Integrative Neuroscience Initiative on Alcoholism (INIA-Neuroimmune) consortium tested the hypothesis that TLR4 mediates excessive ethanol drinking using the following models: (1) Tlr4 knock-out (KO) rats, (2) selective knockdown of Tlr4 mRNA in mouse nucleus accumbens (NAc), and (3) injection of the TLR4 antagonist (+)-naloxone in mice...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893699/nivolumab-induced-severe-akathisia-in-an-advanced-lung-cancer-patient
#5
Jiro Abe, Taku Sato, Ryota Tanaka, Toshimasa Okazaki, Satomi Takahashi
BACKGROUND Nivolumab is an anti-PD-1 immune checkpoint inhibitor that was recently developed for cancer immunotherapy. In the clinical trials of nivolumab, its adverse effects were reported to be less likely than those of conventional anti-cancer agents; however, after practical clinical distribution, it has come to be known that nivolumab induces various immune-related adverse events. CASE REPORT A 58-year-old male with a recurrence of lung adenocarcinoma was treated with nivolumab. Only four days after the initial administration of nivolumab, the patient presented with unbearable restlessness and distress that was resistant to all therapeutic agents used, and it gradually became worse...
November 23, 2016: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882122/gan-dan-liang-yi-tang-alleviates-p-chlorophenylalanine-induced-insomnia-through-modification-of-the-serotonergic-and-immune-system
#6
Yuan Hu, Yu-Nin Wang, Gang-Qiang Zhang, Xian-Zhe Dong, Wan-Wan Liu, Ping Liu
Gan-Dan-Liang-Yi-Tang (GDLYT) is a Traditional Chinese Medicine that has been historically used for the treatment of insomnia. However, investigations into its pharmacological ingredients and the mechanism underlying its sedative and hypnotic effects remain limited. The present study reported the detailed mechanisms underlying the sedative and hypnotic effects of GDLYT. Kunming mice were administered GDLYT at various sub-hypnotic doses, which underwent sodium pentobarbital treatment test, pentetrazole induced convulsant studies and p-chlorophenylalanine (PCPA) induced insomnia model...
November 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795775/-prioperative-adverse-events-critical-reading-of-the-data-registry-used-in-the-surgery-department-of-military-hospital-moulay-ismail-meknes
#7
Hicham Kechna, Omar Ouzzad, Khalid Chkoura, Jaouad Loutid, Moulay Ahmed Hachimi, Sidi Mohamed Hanafi
INTRODUCTION: Despite significant progress made in the field of safety in anesthesia, morbidity (serious or not, completely or partially related to anesthesia) remains common and no health practitioner is immune from accidents. In the current context where priority is given to training programmes, to quality and safety improvement in health care, the occurrence of an anesthesia-related accident in the surgery department is an extremely traumatic event. The fear of prosecution, the emotional context make it difficult to manage...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708966/vaccination-recommendations-for-adult-patients-with-rheumatic-diseases
#8
REVIEW
Mine Durusu Tanrıöver, Servet Akar, Nuran Türkçapar, Ömer Karadağ, İhsan Ertenli, Sedat Kiraz
Infectious diseases in any age group can be successfully prevented through immunization. Protection provided through immunization in childhood decreases over the years. Immunization in adulthood is important because of the growing elderly population, chronic diseases, and globalization. Recommendations on this subject are being constantly updated through scientific guidelines. Immunization in adulthood is also important in rheumatology. There is an increased risk not only of infection in rheumatic diseases but also of infections being more severe...
March 2016: European Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697139/the-analgesic-effects-of-exogenous-melatonin-in-humans
#9
REVIEW
Lars Peter Holst Andersen
The hormone, melatonin is produced with circadian rhythm by the pineal gland in humans. The melatonin rhythm provides an endogenous synchronizer, modulating e.g. blood pressure, body temperature, cortisol rhythm, sleep-awake-cycle, immune function and anti-oxidative defence. Interestingly, a number of experimental animal studies demonstrate significant dose-dependent anti-nociceptive effects of exogenous melatonin. Similarly, recent experimental- and clinical studies in humans indicate significant analgesic effects...
October 2016: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649548/a-dft-based-qsar-study-on-inhibition-of-human-dihydrofolate-reductase
#10
Sedat Karabulut, Natalia Sizochenko, Adnan Orhan, Jerzy Leszczynski
Diaminopyrimidine derivatives are frequently used as inhibitors of human dihydrofolate reductase, for example in treatment of patients whose immune system are affected by human immunodeficiency virus. Forty-seven dicyclic and tricyclic potential inhibitors of human dihydrofolate reductase were analyzed using the quantitative structure-activity analysis supported by DFT-based and DRAGON-based descriptors. The developed model yielded an RMSE deviation of 1.1 a correlation coefficient of 0.81. The prediction set was characterized by R(2)=0...
November 2016: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636926/-efficacy-of-kolofort-for-the-treatment-of-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#11
V V Tsukanov, O S Rzhavicheva, A V Vasyutin, O V Dunaevskaya, Yu L Tonkikh, E P Bronnikova
AIM: to determine the efficacy and safety of Kolofort in the treatment of patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: 52 patients (16 men and 36 women) aged 26 to 59 years were examined over 4 months to rule out organic disease. The diagnosis of IBS was established on the basis of the Rome III diagnostic criteria (2006). Seven patients were diagnosed as having IBS with a preponderance of constipation; 3 had IBS with a preponderance of diarrhea, and 42 had mixed IBS...
2016: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27600799/development-and-validation-of-an-enzyme-linked-immunosorbent-assay-for-detection-of-cortisol-in-human-saliva
#12
Tuba Ozgocer, Sedat Yildiz, Cihat Uçar
Non-invasive measurement of cortisol in saliva is of prime importance as it represents a bioavailable neuroendocrine marker for stress. Therefore, in this study, we developed an enzyme immune assay that was suitable for salivary cortisol measurements. For that purpose, rabbit polyclonal antibody was raised against cortisol-3-CMO:BSA conjugate. The test was based on competition of liquid phase cortisol with conjugated cortisol on the solid phase. Primary antibody was used to bind available sites on the conjugate, which was proportional to numbers of cortisol in liquid phase...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Immunoassay & Immunochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27403648/intravital-imaging-of-neutrophil-priming-using-il-1%C3%AE-promoter-driven-dsred-reporter-mice
#13
Yi Yao, Yun Liu, Akira Takashima
Neutrophils are the most abundant leukocytes in human blood circulation and are quickly recruited to inflammatory sites. Priming is a critical event that enhances the phagocytic functionality of neutrophils. Although extensive studies have unveiled the existence and importance of neutrophil priming during infection and injury, means of visualizing this process in vivo have been unavailable. The protocol provided enables monitoring of the dynamic process of neutrophil priming in living animals by combining three methodologies: 1) DsRed reporter signal - used as a measure of priming 2) in vivo neutrophil labeling - achieved by injection of fluorescence-conjugated anti-lymphocyte antigen 6G (Ly6G) monoclonal antibody (mAb) and 3) intravital confocal imaging...
2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27356644/-clinical-application-of-different-sedation-regimen-in-patients-with-septic-shock
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
F Guo, Q Wang, C Y Yan, H Y Huang, X Yu, L Y Tu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluated the 3 sedation regimen for patients with septic shock. METHODS: The randomized controlled trial wan conducted. Forty-five patients with septic shock were assigned to 3 groups (midazolam group, propofol group, and dexmedetomidine group) randomly. The basic characteristics of patients, the duration of mechanical ventilation, the length of stay in the ICU, the death rate for 28 days and the regulatory cell (Treg) in peripheral blood were observed...
June 14, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27352341/the-effect-of-continuous-sedation-therapy-on-immunomodulation-plasma-levels-of-antioxidants-and-indicators-of-tissue-repair-in-post-burn-sepsis-patients
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Li Chen, Ke Meng, Wei Su, Yanjie Fu
Our objective was to investigate the effect of continuous therapeutic sedation on the immune response, plasma levels of antioxidants, and tissue repair indicators in burn-induced sepsis patients. A total of 104 burn-induced sepsis patients hospitalized during March, 2008 to March, 2013 were selected for the study and randomly divided into the experimental and control groups, each with 53 cases. All of these patients received conventional treatment and the patients in the experimental group were given an additional therapy of continuous sedation...
November 2015: Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27262993/teratogenic-study-of-phenobarbital-and-levamisole-on-mouse-fetus-liver-tissue-using-biospectroscopy
#16
Azadeh Ashtarinezhad, Ataollah Panahyab, Shahrzad Shaterzadeh-Oskouei, Hessam Khoshniat, Baharak Mohamadzadehasl, Farshad H Shirazi
Biospectroscopic investigations have attracted attention of both the clinicians and basic sciences researchers in recent years. Scientists are discovering new areas for FTIR biospectroscopy applications in medicine. The aim of this study was to measure the possibility of FTIR-MSP application for the recognition and detection of fetus abnormalities after exposure of pregnant mouse to phenobarbital (PB) and levamisole (LEV) alone or in combination. PB is one of the most widely used antiepileptic drugs (AEDs), with sedative and hypnotic effects...
September 5, 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27167571/empirically-supported-use-of-psychiatric-medications-in-adolescents-and-adults-with-ibd
#17
Gregory Thorkelson, Klaus Bielefeldt, Eva Szigethy
BACKGROUND: The use of psychotropic medications, particularly antidepressants, is common in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in spite of a lack of their robust efficacy in this population. This review provides an overview of the use trends of different classes of antidepressant and anti-anxiety medication and their effects on mood, nervous system function, gastrointestinal physiology and immunity drawing from the literature available in the general population, other medical conditions, and when available, patients with IBD...
June 2016: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27160623/-sedated-non-intubated-bilateral-thoracoscopic-sympathectomy-r3-r4
#18
José Manuel Mier-Odriozola
Non-intubated thoracic surgery entails procedures performed through regional anesthesia method in awake or mildly sedated, spontaneously ventilating patients. This method represents advantages for the cardiovascular system, and reduces the orotracheal trauma, postoperative atelectasis, and pneumonia. It also possibly reduces costs. Other theoretical advantages are: easier acceptance of surgery, attenuated stress hormone and immune response, and possibly a better survival in oncological surgery. We show a 34-year-old woman with sever palmar-axillary hyperhidrosis...
March 2016: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27117224/downregulation-of-toll-like-receptor-4-and-il-6-following-irradiation-of-the-rat-urinary-bladder
#19
D Giglio, C Wasén, J Mölne, D Suchy, J Swanpalmer, J Jabonero Valbuena, G Tobin, L Ny
The pathophysiology behind radiation cystitis is poorly understood. Here we investigated whether bladder irradiation affects the immune system of the rat urinary bladder. Female rats were sedated and exposed to one single radiation dose of 20 Gy or only sedated (controls) and killed 16 h to 14 days later. Rats were placed in a metabolic cage at 16 h, 3 days, 7 days and 14 days following bladder irradiation. The urinary bladders were harvested and analysed with qPCR, immunohistochemistry and/or Western blot for the expression of interferon (IFN)-γ, interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-10, IL-13, nitric oxide synthases (eNOS, iNOS and nNOS), tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α and toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)...
July 2016: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26986800/increases-in-nkg2c-expression-on-t-cells-and-higher-levels-of-circulating-cd8-b-cells-are-associated-with-sterilizing-immunity-provided-by-a-live-attenuated-siv-vaccine
#20
Vida L Hodara, Laura M Parodi, M Shannon Keckler, Luis D Giavedoni
Vaccines based on live attenuated viruses are highly effective immunogens in the simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV)/rhesus macaque animal model and offer the possibility of studying correlates of protection against infection with virulent virus. We utilized a tether system for studying, in naive macaques and animals vaccinated with a live-attenuated vaccine, the acute events after challenge with pathogenic SIV. This approach allowed for the frequent sampling of small blood volumes without sedation or restraining of the animals, thus reducing the confounding effect of sampling stress...
October 2016: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
keyword
keyword
97110
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"