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Sentinel lymph node biopsy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070832/objection-to-postoperative-radiation-therapy-in-breast-cancer-with-one-to-three-lymph-nodes-involvements
#1
Takashi Ishikawa, Hiroshi Kaise, Kimito Yamada, Mari Hosonaga, Takashi Chishima, Kazutaka Narui, Akimitsu Yamada, Sadatoshi Sugae, Yasushi Ichikawa, Mitsuyoshi Ota, Miyako Nozaki, Ryuji Mikami, Koichi Tokuuye
My arguments regarding postmastectomy radiotherapy (PMRT) for this case are based on the following 4 reasons: (1) high rate of local recurrence in the no PMRT group in the Early Breast Cancer Trialists' Collaborative Group meta-analysis on which the present guideline is based, (2) stage migration by sentinel node biopsy, (3) possible adverse events of radiotherapy, and (4) problems on extrapolation of data from western countries.
January 9, 2017: Breast Cancer: the Journal of the Japanese Breast Cancer Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069398/objective-decision-making-between-conventional-and-oncoplastic-breast-conserving-surgery-or-mastectomy-an-aesthetic-and-functional-prospective-cohort-study
#2
D Pukancsik, P Kelemen, M Újhelyi, E Kovács, N Udvarhelyi, N Mészáros, I Kenessey, T Kovács, M Kásler, Z Mátrai
BACKGROUND: Breast-conserving surgery (BCS) is considered the standard treatment for early-stage breast cancer. However, fair to poor cosmetic outcomes following conventional BCS have been observed in as many as one-third of cases. The aim of this study was to determine the critical tumor-to-breast volume ratio for each quadrant of the breast beyond which conventional BCS would no longer offer acceptable cosmetic and functional results or satisfactory quality of life for the patient. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was performed between December 2011 and December 2013 involving 350 patients younger than 70 years with early-stage unifocal (T ≤ 30 mm) breast cancer who underwent wide excision and axillary sentinel lymph node biopsy followed by whole-breast irradiation...
December 5, 2016: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068243/sentinel-lymph-node-dissection-to-select-clinically-node-negative-prostate-cancer-patients-for-pelvic-radiation-therapy-effect-on-biochemical-recurrence-and-systemic-progression
#3
Nikolaos Grivas, Esther Wit, Floris Pos, Jeroen de Jong, Erik Vegt, Axel Bex, Kees Hendricksen, Simon Horenblas, Gijs KleinJan, Bas van Rhijn, Henk van der Poel
PURPOSE: To assess the efficacy of robotic-assisted laparoscopic sentinel lymph node (SLN) dissection (SLND) to select those patients with prostate cancer (PCa) who would benefit from additional pelvic external beam radiation therapy and long-term androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). METHODS AND MATERIALS: Radioisotope-guided SLND was performed in 224 clinically node-negative patients scheduled to undergo external beam radiation therapy. Patients with histologically positive SLNs (pN1) were also offered radiation therapy to the pelvic lymph nodes, combined with 3 years of ADT...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064295/skill-validation-study-on-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-in-breast-cancer-and-the-challenges-of-false-negative-in-transit-and-micrometastatic-nodes
#4
C S Ng, S Arulanantham, J J Khoo, S Sabaratnam, Y F Lee, C F Ngim
No abstract available.
October 2016: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058558/call-for-surgical-nodal-staging-in-women-with-esmo-esgo-estro-high-intermediate-risk-endometrial-cancer-a-multicentre-cohort-analysis-from-the-francogyn-study-group
#5
L Ouldamer, S Bendifallah, G Body, G Canlorbe, C Touboul, O Graesslin, E Raimond, P Collinet, C Coutant, V Lavoué, J Lévêque, E Daraï, M Ballester
BACKGROUND: The European Society of Medical Oncology (ESMO)/European Society of Gynaecological Oncology (ESGO)/European Society for Radiotherapy & Oncology (ESTRO) classification for endometrial cancer (EC) now includes a high-intermediate risk (HIR) group of recurrence due to the adverse prognostic role of lymphovascular space involvement (LVSI) and grade 3 for women at intermediate risk. However, optimal surgical staging, and especially the place of lymphadenectomy, remains to be elucidated...
January 5, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058553/implications-of-sentinel-lymph-node-drainage-to-multiple-basins-in-head-and-neck-melanoma
#6
Camille L Stewart, Ana Gleisner, Jennifer Kwak, Brandon Chapman, Nathan Pearlman, Csaba Gajdos, Martin McCarter, Nicole Kounalakis
BACKGROUND: Sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) for head and neck melanoma is challenging due to unpredictable drainage. We sought to determine the frequency of drainage to multiple lymphatic basins and asked if this was associated with prognosis in a large, single-center cohort. METHODS: We queried patients diagnosed with head and neck melanomas who had a SLNB performed from January 1998 to April 2016. Demographic and clinical characteristics were compared using Student's t test, Pearson chi-square analysis, log-rank test, Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney test, and Kaplan-Meier curves...
January 5, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052310/ten-year-report-on-axillary-recurrence-after-negative-sentinel-node-biopsy-for-breast-cancer-from-the-swedish-multicentre-cohort-study
#7
J de Boniface, J Frisell, L Bergkvist, Y Andersson
BACKGROUND: The omission of axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) in patients with breast cancer with a negative finding on sentinel node biopsy (SNB) has reduced arm morbidity substantially. Early follow-up reports have shown the rate of axillary recurrence to be significantly lower than expected, with a median false-negative rate of 7 per cent for SNB. Long-term follow-up is needed as recurrences may develop late. METHODS: The Swedish Multicentre Cohort Study included 3518 women with breast cancer and a clinically negative axilla, in whom SNB was planned...
January 4, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052186/axillary-treatment-for-operable-primary-breast-cancer
#8
REVIEW
Nathan Bromham, Mia Schmidt-Hansen, Margaret Astin, Elise Hasler, Malcolm W Reed
BACKGROUND: Axillary surgery is an established part of the management of primary breast cancer. It provides staging information to guide adjuvant therapy and potentially local control of axillary disease. Several alternative approaches to axillary surgery are available, most of which aim to spare a proportion of women the morbidity of complete axillary dissection. OBJECTIVES: To assess the benefits and harms of alternative approaches to axillary surgery (including omitting such surgery altogether) in terms of overall survival; local, regional and distant recurrences; and adverse events...
January 4, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044952/diagnostic-value-of-frozen-section-in-patients-with-non-palpable-breast-lesions
#9
Hacı Hasan Abuoglu, Emre Günay, Oğuzhan Sunamak, M Rafet Yiğitbaşı
AIM: We analyzed wire-marking, frozen section (FS) and surgical approach in malignancy-suspicious non-palpable lesions detected on mammography (MG) and ultrasonography (US) as breast mass, microcalcifications and distorsions. Material and Methods: A hundred patients in whom wiremarking and frozen section analysis was performed because of non-palpable, malignancy-suspected breast lesions at General Surgery Department, Goztepe Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul were analyzed retrospectively...
November 2016: Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042324/mapping-sentinel-lymph-node-metastasis-by-dual-probe-optical-imaging
#10
Xiangyu Yang, Zhe Wang, Fuwu Zhang, Guizhi Zhu, Jibin Song, Gao-Jun Teng, Gang Niu, Xiaoyuan Chen
Purpose: Sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) has emerged as the preferred standard procedure in patients with breast cancer, melanoma and other types of cancer. Herein, we developed a method to intra-operatively map SLNs and differentiate tumor metastases within SLNs at the same time, with the aim to provide more accurate and real-time intraoperative guidance. Experimental Design: Hyaluronic acid (HA), a ligand of lymphatic vessel endothelial hyaluronan receptor (LYVE)-1, is employed as a SLN mapping agent after being conjugated with a near-infrared fluorophore (Cy5...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038476/single-site-robotic-radical-hysterectomy-and-sentinel-lymphnode-biopsy-in-cervical-cancer-a-case-report
#11
Alexandre Silva E Silva, Rodrigo Pinto Fernandes, Marcia Pereira de Araujo, João Paulo Mancusi de Carvalho, Filomena Marino Carvalho, Giovani Mastrantônio Favero, Jesus Paula Carvalho
Robotic surgeries for cervical cancer have several advantages compared with laparotomic or laparoscopic surgeries. Robotic single-site surgery has many advantages compared with the multiport approach, but its safety and feasibility are not established in radical oncologic surgeries. We report a case of a Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage IB1 cervical carcinoma whose radical hysterectomy, sentinel lymph node mapping, and lymph node dissection were entirely performed by robotic single-site approach...
December 30, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033510/sentinel-node-detection-in-early-breast-cancer-with-intraoperative-portable-gamma-camera-uk-experience
#12
Debashis Ghosh, Nikolaos V Michalopoulos, Timothy Davidson, Fred Wickham, Norman R Williams, Mohammed R Keshtgar
PURPOSE: Access to nuclear medicine department for sentinel node imaging remains an issue in number of hospitals in the UK and many parts of the world. Sentinella(®) is a portable imaging camera used intra-operatively to produce real time visual localisation of sentinel lymph nodes. METHODS: Sentinella(®) was tested in a controlled laboratory environment at our centre and we report our experience on the first use of this technology from UK. Moreover, preoperative scintigrams of the axilla were obtained in 144 patients undergoing sentinel node biopsy using conventional gamma camera...
December 26, 2016: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030434/exhaustive-pathologic-work-up-in-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-for-melanoma-is-it-necessary
#13
Leonardo S Lino-Silva, Ana L Castillo-Medina, Rosa A Salcedo-Hernández, Leticia García-Pérez
The objective of this study is to determine whether a less exhaustive pathologic work-up to detect melanoma metastasis is clinically useful and does not affect patient prognosis. The success and evolution of the sentinel lymph node (SLN) depends on histological techniques. Several exhaustive protocols of SLN analysis have been published, but are time and cost consuming, with slight increases in the rates of metastasis detection. From 281 patients with SLN biopsy, each SLN was sectioned every 2 mm and from each paraffin block, 2-3 histological sections were evaluated...
December 27, 2016: Melanoma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017261/is-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-warranted-for-desmoplastic-melanoma-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Jonathan A Dunne, Justin C R Wormald, Jessica Steele, Elizabeth Woods, Joy Odili, Barry W E M Powell
BACKGROUND: Desmoplastic melanoma (DM) is an uncommon malignancy associated with a high local recurrence rate. The aim of this systematic review was to determine the positivity rate of sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) in patients with DM. The secondary outcome was to establish if SLNB is warranted for both pure DM (PDM) and mixed DM (MDM). METHODS: A full systematic literature review of SLNB in DM was performed by two authors in January 2016. Ovid MEDLINE, Ovid EMBASE and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012545/sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-for-cervical-cancer-patients-what-s-it-gonna-take
#15
EDITORIAL
Michael Frumovitz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012086/radiation-therapy-targets-and-the-risk-of-breast-cancer-related-lymphedema-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Simona F Shaitelman
PURPOSE: New indications have been found for regional nodal irradiation (RNI) in breast cancer treatment, yet the relationship of RNI and lymphedema risk is uncertain. We sought to determine the association of RNI and lymphedema. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Scopus for articles in English on humans published from 1995 to 2015, using search terms breast neoplasm, treatment, and morbidity. Two investigators independently selected articles and extracted information, including manuscripts reporting incidence of lymphedema by radiation targets...
December 23, 2016: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007368/fluorescent-versus-radioguided-lymph-node-mapping-in-bladder-cancer
#17
Wojciech Polom, Marcin Markuszewski, Wojciech Cytawa, Piotr Czapiewski, Piotr Lass, Marcin Matuszewski
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to compare 2 methods of the sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) procedure in bladder cancer: we applied technetium radiocolloid (RadCol) detected by a gamma ray detection probe, and indocyanine green (ICG) detected by a near-infrared fluorescent (NIRF) camera. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The SLNB was performed on 50 patients using the RadCol and the ICG, followed by a lymphadenectomy and a pathologic examination. RESULTS: In the analyzed group of 47 patients (3 patients were excluded owing to the lack of lymphatic drainage from the tumor), the SLNB was performed using the 2 methods...
November 30, 2016: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006719/male-breast-cancer-modified-radical-mastectomy-or-breast-conservation-surgery-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#18
Gabriele Giunta, Matteo Rossi, Francesca Toia, Gaetana Rinaldi, Adriana Cordova
INTRODUCTION: Male breast cancer (MBC) is a rare disease that accounts for <1% of breast cancer cases. The most common treatment is modified radical mastectomy (MRM). Recently, breast conservative surgery (BCS) is getting popular for MBC treatment. We report a case and reviewed the literature to investigate whether emerging BCS can be considered as an alternative of a more radical surgery. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 46 y.o. patient, presented with a painless left breast lump over a period of six months...
November 19, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005646/lymphoscintigraphic-spect-ct-contralateral-axillary-sentinel-lymph-node-drainage-in-breast-cancer
#19
Ratna T Koyyalamudi, Monica Anne Rossleigh
A 58-year-old woman with previous right breast carcinoma treated with lumpectomy, right axillary clearance, chemo-radiotherapy, and adjuvant hormonal therapy underwent a lymphoscintigraphy for a new right breast lesion. On planar images, an alternate route of lymphatic drainage was observed to the right internal mammary chain and the left axilla. A chest SPECT/CT was performed to confirm the location of the sentinel nodes. The patient underwent a right mastectomy and left axillary sentinel lymph node biopsy, which showed no evidence of lymphovascular invasion...
February 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002073/the-progressive-advances-of-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-technique-in-head-and-neck-cancer
#20
Girolamo Tartaglione, Domenico Rubello, Patrick M Colletti
In this short review, the technical and clinical improvements of the sentinel lymph node biopsy in head and neck cancer are presented.
December 19, 2016: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
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