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Sentinel lymph node biopsy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930828/18f-fdg-pet-ct-in-preoperative-staging-of-vulvar-cancer-patients-is-it-really-effective
#1
Cinzia Crivellaro, Priscilla Guglielmo, Elena De Ponti, Federica Elisei, Luca Guerra, Sonia Magni, Maria La Manna, Giampaolo Di Martino, Claudio Landoni, Alessandro Buda
The aim of this study was to assess the role of 18F-FDG PET/CT in preoperative staging of vulvar cancer patients.29 pts (69 years, range 51-88) with vulvar cancer (clinical apparent stage I-II), underwent preoperative FDG-PET/CT scan followed by radical vulvectomy and bilateral (or monolateral in case of tumor >2 cm from midline) inguinal lymphadenectomy ± sentinel node biopsy. PET/CT images were analyzed in consensus and correlated to histological findings according to a pt-based and a groin-based analyses...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930782/determining-the-false-negative-rate-using-fluorescence-image-assisted-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-in-cutaneous-melanoma
#2
Rafael A Couto, Gregory A Lamaris, Rebecca Knackstedt, Brendan Alleyne, Paul Durand, Steven Rueda, Brian Gastman
INTRODUCTION: Despite the advances in cutaneous melanoma management, the false-negative rates (FNRs) of sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) are still high. These rates are dependent not only on the technique but also on definitional terms and percentage of head/neck melanoma (highest false-negative SLNB). Fluorescence imaging technology is well acquainted in plastic surgery and other specialties. Having demonstrated that fluorescence-assisted SLNB is effective in melanoma, we are interested in determining its FNR...
September 19, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930777/endoscopic-delayed-breast-reconstruction-with-expanders-and-implants-via-the-axillary-incision-made-for-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-or-lymphadenectomy
#3
José Maria Serra-Mestre, Randolfo Fernandez Peñuela, Francesco DʼAndrea, Joan Maria Viñals, José Maria Serra-Renom
BACKGROUND: Classic techniques of delayed prosthetic breast reconstruction use the mastectomy scar as an access route. As a result, the filling of the expander must be postponed until the wounds have healed. This creates an asymmetry between the breasts with the volume changes caused by the filling of the expander, which may occur over several weeks and cause considerable discomfort. METHODS: Delayed breast reconstruction was performed via the axillary incision made for sentinel lymph node biopsy or lymphadenectomy with endoscopic assistance and detachment of the pectoralis major muscle...
September 19, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928857/updated-nomogram-incorporating-percentage-of-positive-cores-to-predict-probability-of-lymph-node-invasion-in-prostate-cancer-patients-undergoing-sentinel-lymph-node-dissection
#4
Alexander Winter, Thomas Kneib, Clara Wasylow, Lena Reinhardt, Rolf-Peter Henke, Svenja Engels, Holger Gerullis, Friedhelm Wawroschek
Objectives: To update the first sentinel nomogram predicting the presence of lymph node invasion (LNI) in prostate cancer patients undergoing sentinel lymph node dissection (sPLND), taking into account the percentage of positive cores. Patients and Methods: Analysis included 1,870 prostate cancer patients who underwent radioisotope-guided sPLND and retropubic radical prostatectomy. Prostate-specific antigen (PSA), clinical T category, primary and secondary biopsy Gleason grade, and percentage of positive cores were included in univariate and multivariate logistic regression models predicting LNI, and constituted the basis for the regression coefficient-based nomogram...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921419/sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-in-endometrial-cancer-a-new-standard-of-care
#5
REVIEW
Stephanie A Sullivan, Emma C Rossi
Lymph node status is one of the most important factors in determining prognosis and the need for adjuvant treatment in endometrial cancer (EMCA). Unfortunately, full lymphadenectomy bears significant surgical and postoperative risks. The majority of patients with clinical stage I disease will not have metastatic disease; thus, a full lymphadenectomy only increases morbidity in this population of patients. The use of the sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy has emerged as an alternative to complete lymphadenectomy in EMCA...
September 18, 2017: Current Treatment Options in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919032/the-role-of-preoperative-axillary-ultrasound-and-fine-needle-aspiration-cytology-in-identifying-patients-with-extensive-axillary-lymph-node-involvement
#6
Robert Maráz, Tamás Zombori, Éva Ambrózay, Gábor Cserni
INTRODUCTION: In the recent past, both clinically node-positive and node-negative but sentinel node-positive patients underwent axillary lymph node dissection (ALND), although the two groups seem to have substantially different degree of nodal involvement. METHODS: Data on consecutive primary breast cancer patients with documented axillary ultrasound (AXUS) results who underwent ALND between January 2003 and December 2015 either because of AXUS-guided fine needle aspiration (A-FNAC) results or because of a positive sentinel lymph node were retrospectively analysed...
August 30, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918579/analysis-of-undesirable-sequelae-of-sentinel-node-surgery-in-breast-cancer-patients-a-prospective-cohort-study
#7
Dominika Kozak, Iwona Głowacka-Mrotek, Tomasz Nowikiewicz, Zygmunt Siedlecki, Wojciech Hagner, Magdalena Sowa, Wojciech Zegarski
Use of sentinel lymph node biopsy limits the frequency and severity of sequelae of surgical treatment. However, the procedure itself may not be completely free of complications. The goal of this work was to analyze prospectively the occurrence of undesirable sequelae in patients undergoing sentinel lymph node biopsy as an isolated intervention in the axillary fossa. This prospective observational study was conducted on a group of 104 women. Patients were examined on five occasions: one day before the procedure, one day after the procedure, one month, three months, and six months after the procedure...
September 16, 2017: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918186/health-related-quality-of-life-in-melanoma-patients-impact-of-melanoma-related-limb-lymphoedema
#8
Caroline A Gjorup, Mogens Groenvold, Helle W Hendel, Karin Dahlstroem, Krzysztof T Drzewiecki, Tobias W Klausen, Lisbet R Hölmich
AIM: To explore health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in recurrence-free melanoma patients, with a focus on the association between melanoma-related limb lymphoedema and HRQoL. METHODS: HRQoL was evaluated using the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30), the breast cancer module (EORTC QLQ-BR23) subscales body image and future perspective, the Functional Assessment for Cancer Therapy-General subscale social/family well-being and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale...
September 14, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914693/care-patterns-and-changes-in-treatment-for-nonmetastatic-breast-cancer-in-2013-2014-versus-2005-a-population-based-high-resolution-study
#9
Marcela Guevara, Rosana Burgui, Jorge Díaz-González, Esteban Salgado, Francisco Vicente, Conchi Moreno-Iribas, María J Urbina, Alicia Córdoba, Concepción de Miguel, Eva Ardanaz
Studies on recent trends in patterns of care for breast cancer patients are scarce. This study aims to examine the patterns and trends in the treatment of women with nonmetastatic breast cancer according to major recommended treatment options. A population-based study was carried out in Navarra, Spain, including all women with a primary invasive nonmetastasized breast cancer, diagnosed in 2005 and in 2013-2014. We compared patients' characteristics and treatment patterns between periods. Factors associated with receipt of recommended treatment were examined by multivariate logistic regression...
September 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910822/a-new-molecular-based-lymph-node-staging-classification-determines-the-prognosis-of-breast-cancer-patients
#10
Tomo Osako, Takuji Iwase, Masaru Ushijima, Rika Yonekura, Shinji Ohno, Futoshi Akiyama
BACKGROUND: The one-step nucleic acid amplification (OSNA) assay is a novel molecular method that can detect metastasis in a whole lymph node based on cytokeratin 19 mRNA copy number. This cohort study aimed to establish an OSNA-based nodal staging (pN(mol)) classification for breast cancer. METHODS: The cohort consisted of 1039 breast cancer patients who underwent sentinel node (SN) biopsy using the OSNA assay. Cutoff value of the SN tumour burden stratifying distant disease-free survival (DDFS) was determined, and predictive factors for DDFS and breast cancer-specific survival (BCSS) were investigated...
September 14, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910357/the-quality-of-invasive-breast-cancer-care-for-low-reimbursement-rate-patients-a-retrospective-study
#11
Shaofei Su, Han Bao, Xinyu Wang, Zhiqiang Wang, Xi Li, Meiqi Zhang, Jiaying Wang, Hao Jiang, Wenji Wang, Siyang Qu, Meina Liu
Though evidence-based treatments have been recommended for breast cancer, underuse of the treatments was still observed. To certain extent, patients' access to care, which can be enhanced by increasing the coverage of health insurance, could account for the current underuse in recommended care. This study aimed to examine the association between different proportions of reimbursement and quality of recommended breast cancer care, as well as length of hospital stay. In this retrospective study, 3669 patients diagnosed with invasive breast cancer between 1 June, 2011 and 30 June, 2013 were recruited...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900723/diagnostic-value-of-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-for-ct1-t2n0-tongue-squamous-cell-carcinoma-a-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Yue Yang, Jian Zhou, Haitao Wu
The aim of this study was to systematically evaluate the diagnostic value of the sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) for cT1/T2N0 tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC) patients. A comprehensive and systematic literature review was performed by searching the Embase and PubMed databases for English language articles published up to December 2016. The pooled overall sentinel lymph node (SLN) detection rate, sensitivity and negative predictive value (NPV) were used to evaluate the diagnostic value of SLNB which used neck dissection or follow-up as a reference test...
September 12, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895666/current-standards-of-surgical-management-in-primary-melanoma
#13
Matthew C Perez, Sonia T Orcutt, Jonathan S Zager
Melanoma accounts for the majority of skin cancer-related deaths, and its incidence continues to rise worldwide. While advanced disease has historically been associated with poor long-term survival, early-stage disease has a favorable prognosis and therefore, early diagnosis is paramount. Resection of primary melanoma requires a balance of maximizing oncological outcome while minimizing morbidity. Wide excision with 1-2 cm margins, depending on depth of the tumor, is the standard of care for surgical treatment of primary, invasive melanoma...
September 12, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895542/selective-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-in-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-in-patients-with-no-preoperative-evidence-of-lymph-node-metastasis
#14
Óscar González, Carles Zafon, Enric Caubet, Amparo García-Burillo, Xavier Serres, José Manuel Fort, Jordi Mesa, Joan Castell, Isabel Roca, Santiago Ramón Y Cajal, Carmela Iglesias
INTRODUCTION: Lymphadenectomy is recommended during surgery for papillary thyroid carcinoma when there is evidence of cervical lymph node metastasis (therapeutic) or in high-risk patients (prophylactic) such as those with T3 and T4 tumors of the TNM classification. Selective sentinel lymph node biopsy may improve preoperative diagnosis of nodal metastases. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the results of selective sentinel lymph node biopsy in a group of patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma and no evidence of nodal involvement before surgery...
October 2017: Endocrinología, diabetes y nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890124/-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-and-neoadjuvant-treatment-in-breast-cancer
#15
REVIEW
Martha Duraes, Eugénie Guillot, Julien Seror, Nicolas Pouget, Roman Rouzier
Sentinel lymph node biopsy has replaced axillary lymph node dissection in those patients with clinically node-negative axilla without compromising their oncologic outcomes. Indication of neoadjuvant chemotherapy has been extended to patients to evaluate the pathologic response and to offer more conservative breast surgery. Sentinel lymph node dissection after neoadjuvant chemotherapy is feasible and accurate in patients with clinically node-negative patients. The timing of the sentinel lymph node biopsy, before or after medical treatment has been studied with benefits for each procedure...
September 7, 2017: Bulletin du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888579/reliability-of-self-reported-treatment-data-by-patients-with-breast-cancer-compared-with-medical-record-data
#16
Melissa Kool, Esther Bastiaannet, Cornelis J H Van de Velde, Perla J Marang-van de Mheen
OBJECTIVES: Medical records are considered the gold standard for accurate treatment information. However, treatment data are increasingly obtained from questionnaires. It can be questioned whether self-reported treatment data are reliable, particularly because patients have to process a lot of information during their diagnosis and treatment process. The present study assesses the reliability of self-reported treatment data compared with medical records. METHODS: All patients with stage I, II, and III breast cancer (n = 606) in 5 hospitals in the west of the Netherlands were invited to complete a questionnaire 9 to 18 months after surgery...
August 18, 2017: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888486/subungual-melanoma-management-in-the-modern-era
#17
D J Reilly, G Aksakal, R F Gilmour, D E Gyorki, A Chauhan, A Webb, M A Henderson
Subungual melanoma is a rare subtype of cutaneous melanoma that arises from the structures of the nail apparatus. It presents most commonly in older patients and at an advanced stage. A retrospective review of all patients with subungual melanoma in a single institution over a 15-year period was performed. In total, 54 patients were included (26 males, average age 62.9 years), of which 28 cases involved the upper limb. Median tumour thickness was 4.5 mm. Eighteen patients had lymph node metastasis at diagnosis, including 11 of 36 patients with positive sentinel lymph node biopsy...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885862/volume-and-tissue-composition-changes-measured-with-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-in-melanoma-related-limb-lymphedema
#18
Caroline A Gjorup, Helle W Hendel, Bo Zerahn, Karin Dahlstroem, Krzysztof T Drzewiecki, Tobias W Klausen, Lisbet Rosenkrantz Hölmich
Abstracts Background: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the volume, fat mass, and lean mass in both upper and lower limbs measured with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in melanoma patients with melanoma-related limb lymphedema. METHODS AND RESULTS: Four hundred thirty-one patients who had undergone surgical treatment with wide local excision and unilateral axillary or inguinal sentinel lymph node biopsy and/or complete lymph node dissection participated in a survey, and they underwent clinical examination and measurements of their upper or lower limbs with DXA...
September 8, 2017: Lymphatic Research and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884392/socioeconomic-status-and-breast-cancer-treatment
#19
REVIEW
Marie S Dreyer, Ann B Nattinger, Emily L McGinley, Liliana E Pezzin
PURPOSE: Evidence suggests substantial disparities in breast cancer survival by socioeconomic status (SES). We examine the extent to which receipt of newer, less invasive, or more effective treatments-a plausible source of disparities in survival-varies by SES among elderly women with early-stage breast cancer. METHODS: Multivariate regression analyses applied to 11,368 women (age 66-90 years) identified from SEER-Medicare as having invasive breast cancer diagnosed in 2006-2009...
September 7, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879416/patient-age-and-tumor-subtype-predict-the-extent-of-axillary-surgery-among-breast-cancer-patients-eligible-for-the-american-college-of-surgeons-oncology-group-trial-z0011
#20
Cecilia T Ong, Samantha M Thomas, Rachel C Blitzblau, Oluwadamilola M Fayanju, Tristen S Park, Jennifer K Plichta, Laura H Rosenberger, Terry Hyslop, E Shelley Hwang, Rachel A Greenup
BACKGROUND: The American College of Surgeons Oncology Group (ACOSOG) Z0011 trial established the safety of omitting axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) for early-stage breast cancer patients with limited nodal disease undergoing lumpectomy. We examined the extent of axillary surgery among women eligible for Z0011 based on patient age and tumor subtype. METHODS: Patients with cT1-2, cN0 breast cancers and one or two positive nodes diagnosed from 2009 to 2014 and treated with lumpectomy were identified in the National Cancer Data Base...
September 6, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
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