keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

salience network, brain region, fMRI

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069540/multi-modal-analysis-of-functional-connectivity-and-cerebral-blood-flow-reveals-shared-and-unique-effects-of-propofol-in-large-scale-brain-networks
#1
Maolin Qiu, Dustin Scheinost, Ramachandran Ramani, R Todd Constable
Anesthesia-induced changes in functional connectivity and cerebral blow flow (CBF) in large-scale brain networks have emerged as key markers of reduced consciousness. However, studies of functional connectivity disagree on which large-scale networks are altered or preserved during anesthesia, making it difficult to find a consensus amount studies. Additionally, pharmacological alterations in CBF could amplify or occlude changes in connectivity due to the shared variance between CBF and connectivity. Here, we used data-driven connectivity methods and multi-modal imaging to investigate shared and unique neural correlates of reduced consciousness for connectivity in large-scale brain networks...
January 6, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044431/abnormal-resting-state-neural-activity-and-connectivity-of-fatigue-in-parkinson-s-disease
#2
Jie-Jin Zhang, Jian Ding, Jun-Yi Li, Min Wang, Yong-Sheng Yuan, Li Zhang, Si-Ming Jiang, Xi-Xi Wang, Lin Zhu, Ke-Zhong Zhang
AIMS: Fatigue is a common burdensome problem in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), but its pathophysiological mechanisms are poorly understood. This study aimed at investigating the neural substrates of fatigue in patients with PD. METHODS: A total of 17 PD patients with fatigue, 32 PD patients without fatigue, and 25 matched healthy controls were recruited. The 9-item fatigue severity scale (FSS) was used for fatigue screening and severity rating. Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (RS-fMRI) data were obtained from all subjects...
January 3, 2017: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038366/brain-networks-underlying-novel-metaphor-production
#3
Roger E Beaty, Paul J Silvia, Mathias Benedek
Metaphors are widely used to convey abstract concepts and emotions in the arts and everyday life. Neuroimaging research suggests that dynamic interactions among large-scale brain networks, including the default and executive control networks, support the production of such creative ideas. However, the extent to which these networks interact to support other forms of creative language production such as metaphor remains unknown. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), we explored this question by assessing functional interactions between brain regions during novel metaphor production...
February 2017: Brain and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017880/aberrant-spontaneous-low-frequency-brain-activity-in-amnestic-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-meta-analysis-of-resting-state-fmri-studies
#4
REVIEW
PingLei Pan, Lin Zhu, TingTing Yu, HaiCun Shi, Bing Zhang, Ruomeng Qin, Xiaolei Zhu, Lai Qian, Hui Zhao, Hong Zhou, Yun Xu
Recent resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) studies have provided strong evidence of abnormal spontaneous brain activity in amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI). However, the conclusions have been inconsistent. A meta-analysis of whole-brain rs-fMRI studies that measured differences in the amplitude of low-frequency fluctuations (ALFF) between aMCI patients and healthy controls was conducted using the Seed-based d Mapping software package. Twelve studies reporting 14 datasets were included in the meta-analysis...
December 23, 2016: Ageing Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916664/experience-dependent-modulation-of-right-anterior-insula-and-sensorimotor-regions-as-a-function-of-noise-masked-auditory-feedback-in-singers-and-nonsingers
#5
Boris Kleber, Anders Friberg, Anthony Zeitouni, Robert Zatorre
Previous studies on vocal motor production in singing suggest that the right anterior insula (AI) plays a role in experience-dependent modulation of feedback integration. Specifically, when somatosensory input was reduced via anesthesia of the vocal fold mucosa, right AI activity was down regulated in trained singers. In the current fMRI study, we examined how masking of auditory feedback affects pitch-matching accuracy and corresponding brain activity in the same participants. We found that pitch-matching accuracy was unaffected by masking in trained singers yet declined in nonsingers...
December 1, 2016: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908591/an-fmri-investigation-of-the-relationship-between-future-imagination-and-cognitive-flexibility
#6
R P Roberts, K Wiebels, R L Sumner, V van Mulukom, C L Grady, D L Schacter, D R Addis
While future imagination is largely considered to be a cognitive process grounded in default mode network activity, studies have shown that future imagination recruits regions in both default mode and frontoparietal control networks. In addition, it has recently been shown that the ability to imagine the future is associated with cognitive flexibility, and that tasks requiring cognitive flexibility result in increased coupling of the default mode network with frontoparietal control and salience networks. In the current study, we investigated the neural correlates underlying the association between cognitive flexibility and future imagination in two ways...
November 28, 2016: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887704/aberrant-modulation-of-brain-activation-by-emotional-valence-during-self-referential-processing-among-patients-with-delusions-of-reference
#7
Todd A Girard, Louis Lakatos, Mahesh Menon
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Delusions of reference are thought to reflect abnormally heightened attributions of salience to mundane events or stimuli that lead to convictions that they are personally significant or directed at the observer. Recent findings highlight abnormal recruitment of brain regions associated with self-referential processes among patients with referential delusions. Given the inherent overlap of emotion, incentive salience, and self-relevance, as well as with aberrant thought processes in psychosis, this study investigated the implicit relations between participants' perception of the emotional valence of stimuli on neural correlates of self-referent judgments among schizophrenia-spectrum patients with referential delusions...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859936/mortality-salience-reduces-the-discrimination-between-in-group-and-out-group-interactions-a-functional-mri-investigation-using-multi-voxel-pattern-analysis
#8
Chunliang Feng, Bobby Azarian, Yina Ma, Xue Feng, Lili Wang, Yue-Jia Luo, Frank Krueger
As a fundamental concern of human beings, mortality salience impacts various human social behaviors including intergroup interactions; however, the underlying neural signature remains obscure. Here, we examined the neural signatures underlying the impact of mortality reminders on in-group bias in costly punishment combining a second-party punishment task with multivariate pattern analysis of fMRI data. After mortality salience (MS) priming or general negative affect priming, participants received offers from racial in-group and out-group proposers and decided how to punish proposers by reducing their payoffs...
November 10, 2016: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834117/reward-salience-and-attentional-networks-are-activated-by-religious-experience-in-devout-mormons
#9
Michael A Ferguson, Jared A Nielsen, Jace B King, Li Dai, Danielle M Giangrasso, Rachel Holman, Julie R Korenberg, Jeffrey S Anderson
High-level cognitive and emotional experience arises from brain activity, but the specific brain substrates for religious and spiritual euphoria remain unclear. We demonstrate using functional magnetic resonance imaging scans in 19 devout Mormons that a recognizable feeling central to their devotional practice was reproducibly associated with activation in nucleus accumbens, ventromedial prefrontal cortex, and frontal attentional regions. Nucleus accumbens activation preceded peak spiritual feelings by 1-3 s and was replicated in four separate tasks...
November 29, 2016: Social Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818941/functional-connectivity-in-cortico-subcortical-brain-networks-underlying-reward-processing-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#10
Marianne Oldehinkel, Christian F Beckmann, Barbara Franke, Catharina A Hartman, Pieter J Hoekstra, Jaap Oosterlaan, Dirk Heslenfeld, Jan K Buitelaar, Maarten Mennes
BACKGROUND: Many patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) display aberrant reward-related behavior. Task-based fMRI studies have related atypical reward processing in ADHD to altered BOLD activity in regions underlying reward processing such as ventral striatum and orbitofrontal cortex. However, it remains unclear whether the observed effects are region-specific or related to changes in functional connectivity of networks supporting reward processing. Here we use resting-state fMRI to comprehensively delineate the functional connectivity architecture underlying aberrant reward processing in ADHD...
2016: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662284/a-longitudinal-study-on-resting-state-functional-connectivity-in-behavioral-variant-frontotemporal-dementia-and-alzheimer-s-disease
#11
Anne Hafkemeijer, Christiane Möller, Elise G P Dopper, Lize C Jiskoot, Annette A van den Berg-Huysmans, John C van Swieten, Wiesje M van der Flier, Hugo Vrenken, Yolande A L Pijnenburg, Frederik Barkhof, Philip Scheltens, Jeroen van der Grond, Serge A R B Rombouts
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Alzheimer's disease (AD) and behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD) are the most common types of early-onset dementia. We applied longitudinal resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to delineate functional brain connections relevant for disease progression and diagnostic accuracy. METHODS: We used two-center resting state fMRI data of 20 AD patients (65.1±8.0 years), 12 bvFTD patients (64.7±5.4 years), and 22 control subjects (63...
2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27627760/default-mode-and-executive-networks-areas-association-with-the-serial-order-in-divergent-thinking
#12
Jarmo Heinonen, Jussi Numminen, Yevhen Hlushchuk, Henrik Antell, Vesa Taatila, Jyrki Suomala
Scientific findings have suggested a two-fold structure of the cognitive process. By using the heuristic thinking mode, people automatically process information that tends to be invariant across days, whereas by using the explicit thinking mode people explicitly process information that tends to be variant compared to typical previously learned information patterns. Previous studies on creativity found an association between creativity and the brain regions in the prefrontal cortex, the anterior cingulate cortex, the default mode network and the executive network...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27592812/dynamic-changes-of-resting-state-connectivity-related-to-the-acquisition-of-a-lexico-semantic-skill
#13
L Schlaffke, L Schweizer, N N Rüther, R Luerding, M Tegenthoff, C Bellebaum, T Schmidt-Wilcke
The brain undergoes adaptive changes during learning. Spontaneous neural activity has been proposed to play an important role in acquiring new information and/or improve the interaction of task related brain regions. A promising approach is the investigation of resting state functional connectivity (rs-fc) and resting state networks, which rely on the detection of interregional correlations of spontaneous BOLD fluctuations. Using Morse Code (MC) as a model to investigate neural correlates of lexico-semantic learning we sought to identify patterns in rs-fc that predict learning success and/or undergo dynamic changes during a 10-day training period...
September 1, 2016: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573028/salience-network-connectivity-in-the-insula-is-associated-with-individual-differences-in-interoceptive-accuracy
#14
Joanna Su Xian Chong, Gavin Jun Peng Ng, Sze Chi Lee, Juan Zhou
The insula and the anterior cingulate cortex are core brain regions that anchor the salience network, one of several large-scale intrinsic functional connectivity networks that have been derived consistently using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). While several studies have shown that the insula and anterior cingulate cortex play important roles in interoceptive awareness, no study to date has examined the association between intrinsic salience network connectivity and interoceptive awareness...
August 29, 2016: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27564466/functional-connectivity-networks-for-preoperative-brain-mapping-in-neurosurgery
#15
Michael G Hart, Stephen J Price, John Suckling
OBJECTIVE Resection of focal brain lesions involves maximizing the resection while preserving brain function. Mapping brain function has entered a new era focusing on distributed connectivity networks at "rest," that is, in the absence of a specific task or stimulus, requiring minimal participant engagement. Central to this frame shift has been the development of methods for the rapid assessment of whole-brain connectivity with functional MRI (fMRI) involving blood oxygenation level-dependent imaging. The authors appraised the feasibility of fMRI-based mapping of a repertoire of functional connectivity networks in neurosurgical patients with focal lesions and the potential benefits of resting-state connectivity mapping for surgical planning...
August 26, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27539808/theta-oscillations-integrate-functionally-segregated-sub-regions-of-the-medial-prefrontal-cortex
#16
Ernest Mas-Herrero, Josep Marco-Pallarés
Reinforcement learning requires the dynamic interplay of several specialized networks distributed across the brain. A potential mechanism to establish accurate temporal coordination among these paths is through the synchronization of neuronal activity to a common rhythm of neuronal firing. Previous EEG studies have suggested that theta oscillatory activity might be crucial in the integration of information from motivational and attentional paths that converge into the medial Prefrontal Cortex (mPFC) during reward-guided learning...
December 2016: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27499736/amplitude-of-sensorimotor-mu-rhythm-is-correlated-with-bold-from-multiple-brain-regions-a-simultaneous-eeg-fmri-study
#17
Siyang Yin, Yuelu Liu, Mingzhou Ding
The mu rhythm is a field oscillation in the ∼10Hz range over the sensorimotor cortex. For decades, the suppression of mu (event-related desynchronization) has been used to index movement planning, execution, and imagery. Recent work reports that non-motor processes, such as spatial attention and movement observation, also desynchronize mu, raising the possibility that the mu rhythm is associated with the activity of multiple brain regions and systems. In this study, we tested this hypothesis by recording simultaneous resting-state EEG-fMRI from healthy subjects...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27445760/competition-between-visual-events-modulates-the-influence-of-salience-during-free-viewing-of-naturalistic-videos
#18
Davide Nardo, Paola Console, Carlo Reverberi, Emiliano Macaluso
In daily life the brain is exposed to a large amount of external signals that compete for processing resources. The attentional system can select relevant information based on many possible combinations of goal-directed and stimulus-driven control signals. Here, we investigate the behavioral and physiological effects of competition between distinctive visual events during free-viewing of naturalistic videos. Nineteen healthy subjects underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) while viewing short video-clips of everyday life situations, without any explicit goal-directed task...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27444730/intrinsic-network-connectivity-and-own-body-perception-in-gender-dysphoria
#19
Jamie D Feusner, Andreas Lidström, Teena D Moody, Cecilia Dhejne, Susan Y Bookheimer, Ivanka Savic
Gender dysphoria (GD) is characterized by incongruence between one's identity and gender assigned at birth. The biological mechanisms of GD are unclear. We investigated brain network connectivity patterns involved in own body perception in the context of self in GD. Twenty-seven female-to-male (FtM) individuals with GD, 27 male controls, and 27 female controls underwent resting state fMRI. We compared functional connections within intrinsic connectivity networks involved in self-referential processes and own body perception -default mode network (DMN) and salience network - and visual networks, using independent components analyses...
July 21, 2016: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27429176/regional-brain-signal-variability-a-novel-indicator-of-pain-sensitivity-and-coping
#20
Anton Rogachov, Joshua C Cheng, Nathalie Erpelding, Kasey S Hemington, Adrian P Crawley, Karen D Davis
Variability in blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) signals reflects the moment-by-moment fluctuations in resting-state fMRI (rs-fMRI) activity within specific areas of the brain. Regional BOLD signal variability was recently proposed to serve an important functional role in the efficacy of neural systems because of its relationship to behavioural performance in aging and cognition studies. We previously showed that individuals who better cope with pain have greater fluctuations in interregional functional connectivity, but it is not known whether regional brain signal variability is a mechanism underlying pain coping...
July 15, 2016: Pain
keyword
keyword
97109
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"