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magnesium depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053818/association-between-serum-magnesium-levels-and-depression-in-stroke-patients
#1
Yingying Gu, Kai Zhao, Xiaoqian Luan, Zhihua Liu, Yan Cai, Qiongzhang Wang, Beilei Zhu, Jincai He
Post-stroke depression (PSD) is a common psychiatric complication of stroke that is associated with a poor outcome in stroke patients. Our aim was to assess the association between the serum magnesium levels and the presence of PSD in Chinese patients. Two hundred nine stroke patients were included in the study. Depressive symptoms were measured by the 17-Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression at 3 months after stroke. Based on the depressive symptoms, diagnoses of depression were made in line with the DSM-IV criteria for PSD...
December 2016: Aging and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035465/gene-based-analyses-reveal-novel-genetic-overlap-and-allelic-heterogeneity-across-five-major-psychiatric-disorders
#2
Huiying Zhao, Dale R Nyholt
Studies using genome-wide association (GWA) single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) level data have indicated genetic overlap across the five major disorders in the Psychiatric Genomics Consortium (PGC): attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), autism spectrum disorder (ASD), bipolar disorder (BPD), major depressive disorder (MDD), and schizophrenia (SCZ). However, such SNP-level analyses reveal little about the underlying biology and are reliant on correlated SNP effects across disorders. In contrast to SNPs, genes are more closely related to biology and gene-based tests can incorporate allelic heterogeneity...
December 29, 2016: Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978497/magnesium-isoglycyrrhizinate-attenuates-lipopolysaccharide-induced-depressive-like-behavior-in-mice
#3
Wenjiao Jiang, Qianying Chen, Peijin Li, Qianfeng Lu, Xue Pei, Yilin Sun, Guangji Wang, Kun Hao
Magnesium Isoglycyrrhizinate (MI) is a magnesium salt of 18α-GA stereoisomer which has been reported to exert hepatoprotective activity. The aim of the present study was to ascertain the underlying mechanisms behind the action of Magnesium Isoglycyrrhizinate on neuroinflammatation and oxidative stress in LPS-stimulated mice. Mice were pretreated with Magnesium Isoglycyrrhizinate (MI, 25, 50mg/kg) as well as fluoxetine (Flu, positive control, 20mg/kg) once daily for one week before intraperitoneal injection of LPS (0...
December 12, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965189/magnesium-c-reactive-protein-and-cortisol-in-drug-na%C3%A3-ve-patients-with-short-illness-duration-first-episode-major-depressive-disorder-possible-immunomodulatory-role-for-magnesium
#4
Wiesław Jerzy Cubała, Jerzy Landowski, Małgorzata Dziadziuszko, Anna Chrzanowska, Bartosz Wielgomas
Plasma magnesium concentration alterations, hypercortisolaemia, and systemic inflammation are observed in major depressive disorder (MDD). This exploratory study examined whether, and to what extent, plasma magnesium is related to C-reactive protein (CRP) levels and cortisolaemia in MDD. The concentrations of plasma magnesium, salivary CRP, and baseline plasma cortisol were studied in 20, treatment-naïve MDD patients with short-illness-duration, first affective episodes and 20 matched controls. Depressed patients showed a basal score higher than 20 on the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAMD-17)...
December 12, 2016: Magnesium Research: Official Organ of the International Society for the Development of Research on Magnesium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933574/-long-term-hrv-analysis-shows-stress-reduction-by-magnesium-intake
#5
Elmar Wienecke, Claudia Nolden
BACKGROUND: Mental pressure and stress represent an ever-increasing socio-political challenge. The heart rate variability (HRV) measurement, which has its origin in the cardiac function diagnosis, gives information on the neurovegetative activity. A low HRV shows an imbalance of the sympathetic and parasympathetic efferents and thus is an indicator of stress. METHOD: A randomized, controlled, two-armed parallel study with 100 participants and a period of 90 days was performed...
December 2016: MMW Fortschritte der Medizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910808/magnesium-and-depression
#6
Anna Serefko, Aleksandra Szopa, Ewa Poleszak
Magnesium is one of the most important elements in the human body and is involved in a number of biochemical processes crucial for the proper functioning of the cardiovascular, alimentary, endocrine, and osteoarticular systems. It also plays a vital modulatory role in brain biochemistry, influencing several neurotransmission pathways associated with the development of depression. Personality changes, including apathy, depression, agitation, confusion, anxiety, and delirium are observed when there is a deficiency of this element...
March 1, 2016: Magnesium Research: Official Organ of the International Society for the Development of Research on Magnesium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910807/magnesium-intake-and-depression-the-sun-cohort
#7
Miguel Ángel Martínez-González, Almudena Sánchez-Villegas
A higher magnesium intake may reduce the risk of depression. We analyzed this association in the SUN Mediterranean cohort with an expanded sample size (n = 15,836) and a long follow-up (median = 10.2 y). We followed 9,289 women (age = 34.8, SD = 10.4) and 6,547 men (age = 42.8, SD = 13.1) initially free of any history of depression for a new-onset of medically diagnosed depression (maximum follow-up = 15.9 y). All participants in this cohort were university educated. We systematically reviewed previous studies relating magnesium to depression...
March 1, 2016: Magnesium Research: Official Organ of the International Society for the Development of Research on Magnesium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886540/the-effect-of-different-pyrolysis-temperatures-on-the-speciation-and-availability-in-soil-of-p-in-biochar-produced-from-the-solid-fraction-of-manure
#8
Sander Bruun, Sarah L Harmer, Georgios Bekiaris, Wibke Christel, Lucia Zuin, Yongfeng Hu, Lars Stoumann Jensen, Enzo Lombi
Biochar application to agricultural land has been proposed as a means for improving phosphorus (P) availability in soil. The purpose of the current study was to understand how pyrolysis temperature affects P speciation in biochar and how this affects availability of P in the amended soil. Biochar was produced at different temperatures from digestate solids. The primary species of P in digestate solids were simple calcium phosphates. However, a high co-occurrence of magnesium (Mg) and P, indicated that struvite or other magnesium phosphates may also be important species...
February 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869245/predictors-of-early-return-to-work-after-a-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery-cabg
#9
Ramin Mehrdad, Noroja Ghadiri Asli, Gholamreza Pouryaghoub, Maryam Saraei, Firoozeh Salimi, Mostafa Nejatian
OBJECTIVES: Identifying factors predictive of early return to work in patients who underwent a coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two hundred twenty-six working patients who volunteered and underwent a primary coronary artery bypass surgery between September 2013 and May 2014 were selected for the study and followed up for 6 months. Predictors of early return to work (RTW) (within 2 months) were analyzed from variables in a prospectively collected database and the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) questionnaire carried out in the hospital and rehabilitation center as well as from the follow-up performed via the phone...
November 18, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862658/double-blind-randomized-crossover-study-of-intravenous-infusion-of-magnesium-sulfate-versus-5-dextrose-on-depressive-symptoms-in-adults-with-treatment-resistant-depression
#10
Syed M A Mehdi, Steven E Atlas, Sidra Qadir, Dominique Musselman, Sharon Goldberg, Judi M Woolger, Raul Corredor, Muhammad H Abbas, Leopoldo Arosemena, Simone Caccamo, Carmen S G Campbell, Ashar Farooqi, Jinrun Gao, Janet Konefal, Lucas C Lages, Laura Lantigua, Johanna Lopez, Vanessa Padilla, Ammar Rasul, Anna M Ray, Herbert G Simões, Eduard Tiozzo, John E Lewis
AIM: Treatment-resistant depression patients are more likely to suffer from comorbid physical and mental disorders, experience marked and protracted functional impairment, and incur higher health-care costs than non-affected individuals. Magnesium sulfate is a treatment option that may offer great potential for patients with treatment-resistant depression based on prior work in animals and humans. METHODS: Twelve subjects with mild or moderate treatment-resistant depression were randomized into a double-blind crossover trial to receive an infusion of 4 g of magnesium sulfate in 5% dextrose or placebo infusion of 5% dextrose with a 5-day washout in between the 8-day intervention period...
November 10, 2016: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807012/dietary-magnesium-and-calcium-intake-and-risk-of-depression-in-the-general-population-a-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Bingrong Li, Jing Lv, Weijing Wang, Dongfeng Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Several epidemiological studies have evaluated the associations between dietary magnesium (Mg) and calcium (Ca) intake and the risk of depression. However, the results of these studies remain controversial. Thus, we performed a meta-analysis to explore these associations and to investigate the possible dose-response relationship between dietary Mg intake and risk of depression. METHODS: MEDLINE, Web of Science, Embase, Cochrane CENTRAL, CINAHL database, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wan fang databases and Databases of Chinese Scientific and Technical Periodicals were searched for eligible publications up to September 2016...
November 1, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777961/sweet-bones-the-pathogenesis-of-bone-alteration-in-diabetes
#12
REVIEW
Mohammed Al-Hariri
Diabetic patients have increased fracture risk. The pathogenesis underlying the status of bone alterations in diabetes mellitus is not completely understood but is multifactorial. The major deficits appear to be related to a deficit in mineralized surface area, a decrement in the rate of mineral apposition, deceased osteoid surface, depressed osteoblast activity, and decreased numbers of osteoclasts due to abnormal insulin signaling pathway. Other prominent features of diabetes mellitus are an increased urinary excretion of calcium and magnesium, accumulation of advanced glycation end products, and oxidative stress leading to sweet bones (altered bone's strength, metabolism, and structure)...
2016: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747715/coma-after-quetiapine-fumarate-intentional-overdose-in-a-71-year-old-man-a-case-report
#13
S Gibiino, A Trappoli, B Balzarro, A R Atti, D De Ronchi
A 71-year-old man developed coma with severe respiratory failure, hypotension, and tachycardia induced by the intentional ingestion of quetiapine fumarate extended release (XR) 20 g. At the time, he had been treated for bipolar depression with venlafaxine 75 mg/day, lamotrigine 100 mg/day, pregabalin 75 mg/day, and quetiapine XR 400 mg/day for approximately 1 year. Comorbidities were hypertension treated with metoprolol, diabetes mellitus type 2 treated with metformin, and benign prostatic hyperplasia treated with silodosin...
December 2015: Drug Safety—Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660449/the-interactive-effects-of-ketamine-and-magnesium-upon-depressive-like-pathology
#14
Sara Razmjou, Darcy Litteljohn, Chris Rudyk, Shuaib Syed, Melanie Clarke, Rowan Pentz, Zach Dwyer, Shawn Hayley
Approximately one-third of patients with major depressive disorders (MDDs) are resistant to current treatment methods, and the majority of cases relapse at some point during therapy. This has resulted in novel treatments being adopted, including subanesthetic doses of ketamine, which affects aberrant neuroplastic circuits, glutamatergic signaling, and the production of brain-derived neurotrophic factor. Ketamine rapidly relieves depressive symptoms in treatment-resistant major depressive disorder patients with effects that last for up to 2 weeks even after a single administration...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617502/effects-of-zinc-and-magnesium-supplements-on-postpartum-depression-and-anxiety-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#15
Fatemeh Edalati Fard, Mojgan Mirghafourvand, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh Charandabi, Azizeh Farshbaf-Khalili, Yousef Javadzadeh, Hanieh Asgharian
Postpartum anxiety and depression are prevalent disorders. The authors of this study aimed to determine the effects of zinc and magnesium supplements on depressive symptoms and anxiety in postpartum women referred to three governmental, educational hospitals in Tabriz, Iran during 2014-2015. In this triple-blind, randomized, controlled clinical trial, the participants were randomly assigned to the zinc sulfate, magnesium sulfate, and placebo groups (n = 33 per group). The intervention groups received a 27-mg zinc sulfate tablet or 320-mg magnesium sulfate tablet per day for 8 weeks, whereas the control group received a placebo tablet each day during the same period...
September 12, 2016: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27568216/cytocompatibility-of-magnesium-and-az31-alloy-with-three-types-of-cell-lines-using-a-direct-in-vitro-method
#16
Akira Mochizuki, Chie Yahata, Hung Takai
Magnesium alloys have been investigated by many researchers as a new absorbable biomaterial owing to their excellent degradability with non-maleficence or low-maleficence in living tissues. In the present work, the in vitro cytocompatibility of an Magnesium alloy was investigated by culturing cells directly on it. Investigations were carried out in terms of the cell viability along with the use of scanning electron microscopy to observe its morphology. The cell lines used were derived from fibroblast, endothelial, and smooth muscle cells...
September 2016: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27524523/effects-of-isoxsuprine-hydrochloride-on-electrocardiographic-and-trace-element-status-in-sheeps
#17
Handan Aydin Vural, Lora Koenhemsi, Remzi Gonul, Hasret Demircan Yardibi, Tevfik Gulyasar, Erman Or, Gulhan Turkay Hosturk, Bora Barutcu, Huriye Balci
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of isoxsuprine hydrochloride on the ischaemic electrocardiographic change and trace element status in sheep. METHODS: This study was conducted from March 16 to 23, 2012, at Istanbul University, Turkey, and comprised sheep aged 6 months. The animals were divided into two equal groups. The control group was fed a standard diet and had free access to water. In the experimental group, isoxsuprine hydrochloride was injected at a dose of 0...
August 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27463132/a-molecular-model-for-lithium-s-bioactive-form
#18
Katharine T Briggs, Gary G Giulian, Gong Li, Joseph P Y Kao, John P Marino
Lithium carbonate, a drug for the treatment of bipolar disorder, provides mood stability to mitigate recurrent episodes of mania and/or depression. Despite its long-term and widespread use, the mechanism by which lithium acts to elicit these psychological changes has remained unknown. Using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) methods, in this study we characterized the association of lithium with adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and identified a bimetallic (Mg·Li) ATP complex. Lithium's affinity to form this complex was found to be relatively high (Kd ∼1...
July 26, 2016: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27351943/brain-glutamic-acid-decarboxylase-67kda-alterations-induced-by-magnesium-treatment-in-olfactory-bulbectomy-and-chronic-mild-stress-models-in-rats
#19
Bartłomiej Pochwat, Gabriel Nowak, Bernadeta Szewczyk
BACKGROUND: The preclinical results indicate that magnesium, an N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) blocker has anxiolytic and antidepressant-like activity. One of the mechanisms involved in these activities is modulation of glutamate, γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) system. Based on this, the aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of magnesium on the level of glutamic acid decarboxylase-67kDa (GAD-67) in the different brain areas in the chronic mild stress (CMS) and olfactory bulbectomy (OB) models of depression in rats...
October 2016: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27272169/intralipid-in-acute-caffeine-intoxication-a-case-report
#20
Luisa Muraro, Laura Longo, Federico Geraldini, Andrea Bortot, Andrea Paoli, Annalisa Boscolo
Caffeine is arguably the most widely used stimulant drug in the world. Here we describe a suicide attempt involving caffeine overdose whereby the patient's severe intoxication was successfully treated with the prompt infusion of Intralipid. A 19-year-old man was found in an agitated state at home by the volunteer emergency team about 1 h after the intentional ingestion of 40 g of caffeine (tablets). His consciousness decreased rapidly, followed quickly by seizures, and electrocardiographic monitoring showed ventricular fibrillation...
October 2016: Journal of Anesthesia
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