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magnesium depression

S Gibiino, A Trappoli, B Balzarro, A R Atti, D De Ronchi
A 71-year-old man developed coma with severe respiratory failure, hypotension, and tachycardia induced by the intentional ingestion of quetiapine fumarate extended release (XR) 20 g. At the time, he had been treated for bipolar depression with venlafaxine 75 mg/day, lamotrigine 100 mg/day, pregabalin 75 mg/day, and quetiapine XR 400 mg/day for approximately 1 year. Comorbidities were hypertension treated with metoprolol, diabetes mellitus type 2 treated with metformin, and benign prostatic hyperplasia treated with silodosin...
December 2015: Drug Saf Case Rep
Sara Razmjou, Darcy Litteljohn, Chris Rudyk, Shuaib Syed, Melanie Clarke, Rowan Pentz, Zach Dwyer, Shawn Hayley
Approximately one-third of patients with major depressive disorders (MDDs) are resistant to current treatment methods, and the majority of cases relapse at some point during therapy. This has resulted in novel treatments being adopted, including subanesthetic doses of ketamine, which affects aberrant neuroplastic circuits, glutamatergic signaling, and the production of brain-derived neurotrophic factor. Ketamine rapidly relieves depressive symptoms in treatment-resistant major depressive disorder patients with effects that last for up to 2 weeks even after a single administration...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Fatemeh Edalati Fard, Mojgan Mirghafourvand, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh Charandabi, Azizeh Farshbaf-Khalili, Yousef Javadzadeh, Hanieh Asgharian
Postpartum anxiety and depression are prevalent disorders. The authors of this study aimed to determine the effects of zinc and magnesium supplements on depressive symptoms and anxiety in postpartum women referred to three governmental, educational hospitals in Tabriz, Iran during 2014-2015. In this triple-blind, randomized, controlled clinical trial, the participants were randomly assigned to the zinc sulfate, magnesium sulfate, and placebo groups (n = 33 per group). The intervention groups received a 27-mg zinc sulfate tablet or 320-mg magnesium sulfate tablet per day for 8 weeks, whereas the control group received a placebo tablet each day during the same period...
September 12, 2016: Women & Health
Akira Mochizuki, Chie Yahata, Hung Takai
Magnesium alloys have been investigated by many researchers as a new absorbable biomaterial owing to their excellent degradability with non-maleficence or low-maleficence in living tissues. In the present work, the in vitro cytocompatibility of an Magnesium alloy was investigated by culturing cells directly on it. Investigations were carried out in terms of the cell viability along with the use of scanning electron microscopy to observe its morphology. The cell lines used were derived from fibroblast, endothelial, and smooth muscle cells...
September 2016: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
Handan Aydin Vural, Lora Koenhemsi, Remzi Gonul, Hasret Demircan Yardibi, Tevfik Gulyasar, Erman Or, Gulhan Turkay Hosturk, Bora Barutcu, Huriye Balci
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of isoxsuprine hydrochloride on the ischaemic electrocardiographic change and trace element status in sheep. METHODS: This study was conducted from March 16 to 23, 2012, at Istanbul University, Turkey, and comprised sheep aged 6 months. The animals were divided into two equal groups. The control group was fed a standard diet and had free access to water. In the experimental group, isoxsuprine hydrochloride was injected at a dose of 0...
August 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Katharine T Briggs, Gary G Giulian, Gong Li, Joseph P Y Kao, John P Marino
Lithium carbonate, a drug for the treatment of bipolar disorder, provides mood stability to mitigate recurrent episodes of mania and/or depression. Despite its long-term and widespread use, the mechanism by which lithium acts to elicit these psychological changes has remained unknown. Using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) methods, in this study we characterized the association of lithium with adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and identified a bimetallic (Mg·Li) ATP complex. Lithium's affinity to form this complex was found to be relatively high (Kd ∼1...
July 26, 2016: Biophysical Journal
Bartłomiej Pochwat, Gabriel Nowak, Bernadeta Szewczyk
BACKGROUND: The preclinical results indicate that magnesium, an N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) blocker has anxiolytic and antidepressant-like activity. One of the mechanisms involved in these activities is modulation of glutamate, γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) system. Based on this, the aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of magnesium on the level of glutamic acid decarboxylase-67kDa (GAD-67) in the different brain areas in the chronic mild stress (CMS) and olfactory bulbectomy (OB) models of depression in rats...
October 2016: Pharmacological Reports: PR
Luisa Muraro, Laura Longo, Federico Geraldini, Andrea Bortot, Andrea Paoli, Annalisa Boscolo
Caffeine is arguably the most widely used stimulant drug in the world. Here we describe a suicide attempt involving caffeine overdose whereby the patient's severe intoxication was successfully treated with the prompt infusion of Intralipid. A 19-year-old man was found in an agitated state at home by the volunteer emergency team about 1 h after the intentional ingestion of 40 g of caffeine (tablets). His consciousness decreased rapidly, followed quickly by seizures, and electrocardiographic monitoring showed ventricular fibrillation...
October 2016: Journal of Anesthesia
Fatemeh Edalati-Fard, Mojgan Mirghafourvand, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh-Charandabi, Azizeh Farshbaf-Khalili
OBJECTIVE: According to the World Health Organization, depression will be the second prevalent problem after ischemic heart diseases by the year 2020. Postpartum depression (PPD) as a major depressive episode has devastating impacts on the health of mother, newborn, infant, and even the whole family. This study was conducted to investigate the relationship of zinc and magnesium serum levels with PPD, as one of the commonly assumed causes of depression. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was done on 122 postpartum women aged 18 years and more in two educational hospitals and one non-educational hospital in Tabriz-Iran, 2015...
2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Suchita Parikh, Snehlata Tavri, Shubha Mohite
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a clinicoradiologic syndrome of headache, visual changes, altered mental status and seizures with radiologic findings of posterior cerebral white matter edema. It is seen in hypertensive encephalopathy, renal failure, and autoimmune disorders or in patients on immunosuppressants. We report a case of 24-year-old primigravida who presented at term with sudden onset hypertension, neurological deficits, and an episode of the visual blackout. Magnetic resonance imaging showed features suggestive of PRES...
May 2016: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
Long Ma, Jinglu Wu, Jilili Abuduwaili, Wen Liu
Geochemical concentrations were extracted for a short sediment core from Ebinur Lake, located in arid northwest China, and mathematical methods were used to demonstrate the complex pattern of the geochemical anomalies resulting from the temporal changes in natural and anthropogenic forces on the lake sediments. The first element assemblage (C1) (aluminum, potassium, iron, magnesium, beryllium, etc.) was predominantly terrigenous; among the assemblage, total phosphorus and titanium were generally consistent with aluminum except with regards to their surface sequences, which inferred the differences of source regions for terrigenous detrital material led to this change around ca...
2016: PloS One
Miroslava Vosahlikova, Petr Svoboda
Mood disorders are relatively common serious human diseases for which there is often no ideal pharmacotherapy. Basic characteristic of these diseases is affective disorder shifting the mood of the patient to depression (together with anxiety or not) or towards to euphoria. Available drugs are usually divided into two groups - mood stabilizers, which are used primarily to treat bipolar disorder, and antidepressants for the treatment of unipolar depression. Lithium is still recommended as the first choice for dealing with bipolar disorder...
2016: Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis
Naoya Fukushima, Kenji Nanao, Hiroyuki Fukushima, Akira Namera, Masaru Miura
UNLABELLED: It is known that tricyclic antidepressants induce long QT intervals associated with forms of life-threatening arrhythmia such as torsades de pointes (TdP), and these adverse effects may also occur in neonates whose mothers take tricyclic antidepressants. We report a neonatal case of prolonged QT interval and TdP caused by clomipramine that was transferred transplacentally from the mother. Administration of magnesium sulfate was effective to abolish TdP. CONCLUSION: When mothers take tricyclic antidepressants during pregnancy, their newborns should be watched carefully for drug-induced long QT syndrome and TdP...
August 2016: European Journal of Pediatrics
M L Bessa, S C Antunes, R Pereira, F J M Gonçalves, B Nunes
The release of acidic effluents, naturally enriched in metals and radionuclides, is the main legacy of uranium mines. Generally, metals dissolved by these acidic effluents can cause significant alterations in exposed organisms, with distinct toxicological outcomes. In this study, 72 individuals of the freshwater fish species Carassius auratus were exposed in situ for different periods (8, 16, 24, and 48 h) to water from a pond (treatment pond (TP)) with a chemically treated effluent and a reference pond (PRP), in the vicinity of the Cunha Baixa uranium mine (Portugal)...
July 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Nuria Rubio-López, María Morales-Suárez-Varela, Yolanda Pico, Lorenzo Livianos-Aldana, Agustín Llopis-González
The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between nutritional intake and depressive symptoms in Valencian schoolchildren. The ANIVA (Antropometria y Nutricion Infantil de Valencia) study is a descriptive cross-sectional study. During academic year 2013-2014, 710 schoolchildren aged 6-9 years were selected from eleven primary schools in Valencia (Spain). Children's dietary intake was measured on three-day food records, completed by parents/guardians; children completed the 20-item Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale for Children (CES-DC) Questionnaire to measure depressive symptoms...
March 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Marcin Siwek, Krzysztof Styczeń, Magdalena Sowa-Kućma, Dominika Dudek, Witold Reczyński, Bernadeta Szewczyk, Paulina Misztak, Włodzimierz Opoka, Roman Topór-Mądry, Gabriel Nowak
AIM: Few scientific reports indicate changes in the concentration of magnesium in the blood of patients with bipolar disorder (BD). So far very little studies concerning these issues have been conducted. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the serum magnesium level in patients with bipolar disorder (in different phases of the disease) in comparison to healthy volunteers. METHODS: The study included 129 patients (58 subjects in depressive episode, 23 in manic episode and 48 patients in remission) with the diagnosis of bipolar disorder type I or II...
2015: Psychiatria Polska
Krzysztof Styczeń, Marcin Siwek, Magdalena Sowa-Kućma, Dominika Dudek, Witold Reczyński, Bernadeta Szewczyk, Paulina Misztak, Roman Topór-Mądry, Włodzimierz Opoka, Gabriel Nowak
AIM: The growing body of evidence suggests that magnesium levels can serve as a marker of major depressive disorder (MDD), but findings from clinical trials remain inconclusive. The aim of the presented study was to determine the magnesium concentration in serum of patients with MDD (in the active stage of the disease or in remission) and to analyze the role of magnesium levels as apotential marker of the disease. METHODS: Sixty-nine patients with current depressive episode, 45 patients in remission and 50 healthy volunteers were enrolled into the case-control study...
2015: Psychiatria Polska
Meisha L Raven, Alexander L Ringeisen, Angela R McAllister, Daniel W Knoch
A 45-year-old woman with a history of depression and anxiety, treated with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), experienced acute, recurrent, and severe bifrontal headaches. Over time, she developed a left homonymous hemianopia and mental status changes. MRA revealed segmental vasoconstriction of cerebral arteries in multiple vascular distributions. She was treated with a calcium-channel blocker and magnesium, and there was resolution of her symptoms and cerebrovascular changes. Her clinical course and neuroimaging findings were consistent with reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome...
June 2016: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
Teymoor Yary, Soili M Lehto, Tommi Tolmunen, Tomi-Pekka Tuomainen, Jussi Kauhanen, Sari Voutilainen, Anu Ruusunen
BACKGROUND: Depression is a major global public health concern. The aetiology of depression is partly unclear; however, intake of nutrients, such as magnesium, have been suggested to affect depressive symptoms and modify depression risk. METHODS: This research is a part of the Kuopio Ischemic Heart Disease Risk Factor (KIHD) Study, conducted on a sample of 2320 Eastern Finnish men aged 42-61 years old at the baseline. Magnesium intake was assessed by a 4-day food record...
March 15, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
Xianling Zeng, Yan Xue, Quan Tian, Rong Sun, Ruifang An
To evaluate the evidence of effects and safety of magnesium sulfate on neuroprotection for preterm infants who had exposure in uteri. We searched electronic databases and bibliographies of relevant papers to identify studies comparing magnesium sulfate (MgSO4) with placebo or other treatments in patients at high risk of preterm labor and reporting effects and safety of MgSO4 for antenatal infants. Then, we did this meta-analysis based on PRISMA guideline. The primary outcomes included fatal death, cerebral palsy (CP), intraventricular hemorrhage, and periventricular leukomalacia...
January 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
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