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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431310/characterization-of-bacterial-communities-of-donkey-milk-by-high-throughput-sequencing
#1
Maria de Los Dolores Soto Del Rio, Alessandra Dalmasso, Tiziana Civera, Maria Teresa Bottero
The interest in donkey milk (DM) is growing because of its functional properties and nutritional value, especially for children with allergies and food intolerances. However, most of the available reports of DM microbiota are based on culture-dependent methods to investigate food safety issues and the presence of lactic acid bacteria (LAB). The aim of this study was to determine the composition of DM bacterial communities using a high-throughput sequencing (HTS) approach. Bulk milk samples from Italian donkey dairy farms from two consecutive years were analysed using the MiSeq Illumina platform...
March 30, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424761/sequencing-of-blaimp-carrying-incn2-plasmids-and-comparative-genomics-of-incn2-plasmids-harboring-class-1-integrons
#2
Xiaoyuan Jiang, Zhe Yin, Xiuyun Yin, Haihong Fang, Qiang Sun, Yigang Tong, Yuanhong Xu, Defu Zhang, Jiao Feng, Weijun Chen, Yajun Song, Jinglin Wang, Shuiping Chen, Dongsheng Zhou
This work presents the complete nucleotide sequences of p0801-IMP from Klebsiella pneumoniae, p7121-IMP from K. oxytoca, and p17285-IMP from Citrobacter freundii, which are recovered from three different cases of nosocomial infection. These three plasmids represent the first fully sequenced blaIMP-carrying IncN2 plasmids. Further comparative genomics analysis of all the five integron-carrying IncN2 plasmids p0801-IMP, p7121-IMP, p17285-IMP, pJIE137, and p34983-59.134kb indicates that they possess conserved IncN2 backbones with limited genetic variations with respect to gene content and organization...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418397/bap180-baf180-is-required-to-maintain-homeostasis-of-intestinal-innate-immune-response-in-drosophila-and-mice
#3
Xiaomeng He, Junjing Yu, Min Wang, Yang Cheng, Yanan Han, Shuo Yang, Guizhi Shi, Lei Sun, Ying Fang, Si-Tang Gong, Zhong Wang, Yang-Xin Fu, Lei Pan, Hong Tang
Immune homeostasis is a prerequisite to protective immunity against gastrointestinal infections. In Drosophila, immune deficiency (IMD) signalling (tumour necrosis factor receptor/interleukin-1 receptor, TNFR/IL-1R in mammals) is indispensable for intestinal immunity against invading bacteria. However, how this local antimicrobial immune response contributes to inflammatory regulation remains poorly defined. Here, we show that flies lacking intestinal Bap180 (a subunit of the chromatin-remodelling switch/sucrose non-fermentable (SWI/SNF) complex) are susceptible to infection as a result of hyper-inflammation rather than bacterial overload...
April 18, 2017: Nature Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390961/sequencing-and-comparative-genomics-analysis-of-the-inchi2-plasmids-pt5282-mpha-and-p112298-cata-and-the-inchi5-plasmid-pynkp001-dfra
#4
Quanhui Liang, Zhe Yin, Yachao Zhao, Liqi Liang, Jiao Feng, Zhe Zhan, Hui Wang, Yajun Song, Yigang Tong, Weili Wu, Weijun Chen, Jinglin Wang, Lingxiao Jiang, Dongsheng Zhou
Incompatibility group IncHI plasmids are important vectors of antibiotic resistance in Enterobacteriaceae. In this study, a scheme for typing IncHI into five separately clustering subgroups, including previously designated IncHI1-3 as well as IncHI4-5, was proposed based on sequenced IncHI plasmids. The complete nucleotide sequences of the IncHI2 plasmids pT5282-mphA and p112298-catA and the IncHI5 plasmid pYNKP001-dfrA from clinical Enterobacter cloacae, Citrobacter freundii and Raoultella ornithinolytica isolates, respectively, were determined and were compared with IncHI2 and IncHI5 reference plasmids...
April 5, 2017: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385287/mice-with-infectious-colitis-exhibit-linear-growth-failure-and-subsequent-catch-up-growth-related-to-systemic-inflammation-and-igf-1
#5
Mark D DeBoer, Vidhya Vijayakumar, Meiqing Gong, John L Fowlkes, Rachel M Smith, Fernando Ruiz-Perez, James P Nataro
In developing communities, intestinal infection is associated with poor weight gain and linear-growth failure. Prior translational animal models have focused on weight gain investigations into key contributors to linear growth failure have been lacking. We hypothesized that murine intestinal infection with Citrobacter rodentium would induce linear-growth failure associated with systemic inflammation and suppressed serum levels of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1). We evaluated 4 groups of mice infected or sham-infected on day-of-life 28: uninfected-controls, wild-type C rodentium-infected, partially-attenuated C rodentium-infected (with deletion of 3 serine protease genes involved in colonization), and pair-fed (given the amount of daily food consumed by the wild-type C rodentium group)...
March 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377759/comparative-genomic-analysis-reveals-organization-function-and-evolution-of-ars-genes-in-pantoea-spp
#6
Liying Wang, Jin Wang, Chuanyong Jing
Numerous genes are involved in various strategies to resist toxic arsenic (As). However, the As resistance strategy in genus Pantoea is poorly understood. In this study, a comparative genome analysis of 23 Pantoea genomes was conducted. Two vertical genetic arsC-like genes without any contribution to As resistance were found to exist in the 23 Pantoea strains. Besides the two arsC-like genes, As resistance gene clusters arsRBC or arsRBCH were found in 15 Pantoea genomes. These ars clusters were found to be acquired by horizontal gene transfer (HGT) from sources related to Franconibacter helveticus, Serratia marcescens, and Citrobacter freundii...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376885/citrobacter-braakii-bacteremia-induced-septic-shock-after-colonoscopy-preparation-with-polyethylene-glycol-in-a-critically-ill-patient-a-case-report
#7
Tetsuya Yumoto, Yoshiyasu Kono, Seiji Kawano, Chihiro Kamoi, Atsuyoshi Iida, Motoko Nose, Keiji Sato, Toyomu Ugawa, Hiroyuki Okada, Yoshihito Ujike, Atsunori Nakao
BACKGROUND: Polyethylene glycol (PEG) is widely used for bowel cleaning in preparation for colonoscopy because of its safety. Septic shock after PEG preparation is an extremely rare complication. Herein, we describe a case of septic shock that occurred immediately after colonoscopy preparation with PEG. CASE PRESENTATION: A 75-year-old Japanese male who had previously developed diabetes after total pancreatectomy received PEG in preparation for colonoscopy. He had been admitted to the emergency intensive care unit 4 days earlier due to hematochezia presenting with shock...
April 4, 2017: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367029/biofilm-colonization-in-chronic-treatment-refractory-infections-presenting-with-discharging-sinuses-a-study-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-of-eastern-india
#8
Asmita De, Hirak Jyoti Raj, Jayeeta Haldar, Poulami Mukherjee, Prasanta Kumar Maiti
INTRODUCTION: Treatment refractory chronic recurrent infections mean those chronic infections which recur by same causal agents with similar drug responsiveness after apparent relief following full course of recommended antimicrobial management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty different samples were collected from patients with chronic surgical site infections, laparoscopic port site infections, anal fistula, mesh hernioplasty, chronic dacryocystitis, chronic osteomyelitis, and chronic burn wounds...
April 2017: Journal of Laboratory Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364327/assessment-of-chlorine-tolerance-profile-of-citrobacter-species-recovered-from-wastewater-treatment-plants-in-eastern-cape-south-africa
#9
Mojisola Owoseni, Anthony Okoh
This present study assessed the chlorine tolerance of some Citrobacter species recovered from secondary effluents from the clarifiers of two wastewater treatment plants in the Eastern Cape, South Africa. The bacterial survival, chlorine lethal dose and inactivation kinetics at lethal doses were examined. Inactivation of the test bacteria (n = 20) at the recommended dose of 0.5 mg/l for 30 min exposure showed a progressive reduction in bacterial population from 4 to 5 log reduction and residuals ranged between 0...
April 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360938/citrobacter-amalonaticus-y19-for-constitutive-expression-of-carbon-monoxide-dependent-hydrogen-production-machinery
#10
Satish Kumar Ainala, Eunhee Seol, Jung Rae Kim, Sunghoon Park
BACKGROUND: Citrobacter amalonaticus Y19 is a good biocatalyst for production of hydrogen (H2) from oxidation of carbon monoxide (CO) via the so-called water-gas-shift reaction (WGSR). It has a high H2-production activity (23.83 mmol H2 g(-1) cell h(-1)) from CO, and can grow well to a high density on various sugars. However, its H2-production activity is expressed only when CO is present as an inducer and in the absence of glucose. RESULTS: In order to avoid dependency on CO and glucose, in the present study, the native CO-inducible promoters of WGSR operons (CO dehydrogenase, CODH, and CODH-dependent hydrogenase, CO-hyd) in Y19 were carefully analyzed and replaced with strong and constitutive promoters screened from Y19...
2017: Biotechnology for Biofuels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356548/linking-pathogen-virulence-host-immunity-and-the-microbiota-at-the-intestinal-barrier
#11
Gabriel Nunez
The mechanisms that allow enteric pathogens to colonize the intestine and host immunity as well as the indigenous microbiota to inhibit pathogen colonization remain poorly understood. Our laboratory is using Citrobacter rodentium, a mouse pathogen that models human infections by enteropathogenic E. coli, to understand the mechanisms that regulate the colonization and clearance of the pathogen in the gut. These studies have revealed how the pathogen colonizes and replicates successfully early during infection and how host immunity and the indigenous microbiota cooperate to eradicate the pathogen in the later stage of the infection...
2017: Keio Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356348/tpl2-promotes-neutrophil-trafficking-oxidative-burst-and-bacterial-killing
#12
Nicole V Acuff, Xin Li, Jessica Elmore, Balázs Rada, Wendy T Watford
Tumor progression locus 2 (Tpl2) is a serine/threonine kinase that promotes inflammatory cytokine production by activating the MEK/ERK pathway. Tpl2 has been shown to be important for eliciting the inflammatory properties of macrophages; however, there is relatively little known about the contribution of Tpl2 to neutrophil effector functions. This is an important consideration, as neutrophils provide the first line of defense against infection in the innate immune system. We found that Tpl2 is expressed in both human and murine neutrophils, suggesting a potential function for Tpl2 in this lineage...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352539/antimicrobial-activities-of-secondary-metabolites-and-phylogenetic-study-of-sponge-endosymbiotic-bacteria-bacillus-sp-at-agatti-island-lakshadweep-archipelago
#13
Gopi Mohan, Ajith Kumar Thipparamalai Thangappanpillai, Balagurunathan Ramasamy
Twenty-one species of sponges were recorded under the class of Demospongiae and Calcareous sponges of which 19 species were new to Agatti reef. A total of 113 Sponge endosymbiotic bacterial strains were isolated from twenty-one species of sponges and screened for antimicrobial activity. Five bacterial strains of sponge endosymbiotic bacteria (SEB) namely SEB32, SEB33, SEB36, SEB43 and SEB51 showed antimicrobial activity against virulent marine fish pathogens such as Vibrio alginolyticus, Vibrio vulnificus, Vibrio parahaemolyticus, Aeromonas salmonicida, Flavobacterium sp...
September 2016: Biotechnology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352104/helminth-induced-alterations-of-the-gut-microbiota-exacerbate-bacterial-colitis
#14
C Su, L Su, Y Li, S R Long, J Chang, W Zhang, W A Walker, R J Xavier, B J Cherayil, H N Shi
Infection with the intestinal helminth parasite Heligmosomoides polygyrus exacerbates the colitis caused by the bacterial enteropathogen Citrobacter rodentium. To clarify the underlying mechanism, we analyzed fecal microbiota composition of control and helminth-infected mice and evaluated the functional role of compositional differences by microbiota transplantation experiments. Our results showed that infection of Balb/c mice with H. polygyrus resulted in significant changes in the composition of the gut microbiota, characterized by a marked increase in the abundance of Bacteroidetes and decreases in Firmicutes and Lactobacillales...
March 29, 2017: Mucosal Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348052/bile-acid-administration-elicits-an-intestinal-antimicrobial-program-and-reduces-the-bacterial-burden-in-two-mouse-models-of-enteric-infection
#15
Sarah Tremblay, Guillaume Romain, Mélisange Roux, Xi-Lin Chen, Kirsty Brown, Deanna L Gibson, Sheela Ramanathan, Alfredo Menendez
In addition to their chemical antimicrobial nature, bile acids (BA) are thought to have other functions in the homeostatic control of gastrointestinal immunity. However, those functions have remained largely undefined. In this work, we used ileal explants and mouse models of BA administration to investigate the role of BA in the regulation of the intestinal antimicrobial response. Mice fed on a diet supplemented with 0.1% chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA) showed an upregulated expression of Paneth cell α-defensins as well as an increased synthesis of the type-C lectins Reg3b and Reg3g by the ileal epithelium...
March 27, 2017: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345580/differential-roles-of-caspase-1-and-caspase-11-in-infection-and-inflammation
#16
Si Ming Man, Rajendra Karki, Benoit Briard, Amanda Burton, Sebastien Gingras, Stephane Pelletier, Thirumala-Devi Kanneganti
Caspase-1, also known as interleukin-1β (IL-1β)-converting enzyme (ICE), regulates antimicrobial host defense, tissue repair, tumorigenesis, metabolism and membrane biogenesis. On activation within an inflammasome complex, caspase-1 induces pyroptosis and converts pro-IL-1β and pro-IL-18 into their biologically active forms. "ICE(-/-)" or "Casp1(-/-)" mice generated using 129 embryonic stem cells carry a 129-associated inactivating passenger mutation on the caspase-11 locus, essentially making them deficient in both caspase-1 and caspase-11...
March 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344333/stressor-exposure-has-prolonged-effects-on-colonic-microbial-community-structure-in-citrobacter-rodentium-challenged-mice
#17
Jeffrey D Galley, Amy R Mackos, Vanessa A Varaljay, Michael T Bailey
Stressor exposure significantly affects the colonic mucosa-associated microbiota, and exacerbates Citrobacter rodentium-induced inflammation, effects that can be attenuated with probiotic Lactobacillus reuteri. This study assessed the structure of the colonic mucosa-associated microbiota in mice exposed to a social stressor (called social disruption), as well as non-stressed control mice, during challenge with the colonic pathogen C. rodentium. Mice were exposed to the social stressor or home cage control conditions for six consecutive days and all mice were challenged with C...
March 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337489/antibiotic-resistance-profiling-and-microbiota-of-the-upper-respiratory-tract-of-apparently-healthy-dogs-in-ibadan-south-west-nigeria
#18
Oluwafemi Babatunde Daodu, Elizabeth Adesola Amosun, Daniel Oladimeji Oluwayelu
BACKGROUND: Rearing of dogs and other pets has become increasingly popular in modern society. Bacterial flora resides within the nasal and oral cavities of dogs and when chanced, can be pathogenic. Certain similarities between humans and dogs portends dangerous behavioral habits that could lead to zoonotic disease transmission. This study was aimed at isolation, identification and antibiotic profiling of bacteria from nasal swabs of apparently healthy dogs. The zoonotic risk was also considered...
2017: African Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333363/evaluation-of-the-%C3%AE-carba%C3%A2-test-a-colorimetric-test-for-the-rapid-detection-of-carbapenemase-activity-in-gram-negative-bacilli
#19
Sandrine Bernabeu, Laurent Dortet, Thierry Naas
Objectives: There is an urgent need for accurate and fast diagnostic tests to identify carbapenemase-producing bacteria. Here, we have evaluated a novel colorimetric test (the β-CARBA™ test; Bio-Rad) to detect carbapenemase-producing Gram-negative bacilli from cultured colonies. Methods: The performance of the β-CARBA™ test was compared with that of the Carba NP test (or the CarbAcineto NP test) and RAPIDEC ® CARBA NP (bioMérieux) using a collection of 290 isolates with characterized β-lactamase content...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333331/multiregional-dissemination-of-kpc-producing-klebsiella-pneumoniae-st258-st512-genotypes-in-poland-2010-14
#20
Anna Baraniak, Radoslaw Izdebski, Dorota Zabicka, Katarzyna Bojarska, Sandra Górska, Elzbieta Literacka, Janusz Fiett, Waleria Hryniewicz, Marek Gniadkowski
Objectives: In 2008-09, the KPC carbapenemase epidemiology in Poland was dominated by a Klebsiella pneumoniae ST258 KPC-2 outbreak in Warsaw and its administrative region. The aim of this study was to analyse the situation in 2010-14, with a focus on new outbreaks in other parts of the country. Methods: KPCs were detected in all suspected isolates by PCR. The detailed study was performed on 173 isolates from 2010 to 2012, and included PFGE and MLST, PCR identification of K...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
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