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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156244/isolation-and-characterization-of-polyvalent-bacteriophages-infecting-multi-drug-resistant-salmonella-serovars-isolated-from-broilers-in-egypt
#1
Mayada Mahmoud, Ahmed Askora, Ahmed Barakat Barakat, Omar El-Farouk Rabie, Sayed Emam Hassan
In this study, we isolated and characterized three phages named as Salmacey1, Salmacey2 and Salmacey3, infecting multi drug resistant Salmonella serovars isolated from broilers in Egypt. The most prevalent Salmonella serovars were S. typhimurium, S. enteritidis, and S. kentucky. All these Salmonella serovars were found to be resistant to more than two of the ten antimicrobial agents tested. Only S. kentucky was found to be resistant to seven antimicrobial agents. Examination of these phage particles by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), demonstrated that two phages (Salmacey1, Salmacey2) were found to belong to family Siphoviridae, and Salmacey3 was assigned to the family Myoviridae...
November 14, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155695/citrobacter-endogenous-endophthalmitis-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#2
Daniel H T Wong, Candice C H Liu, Justin M K Tong, Wei-Kwang Luk, Kenneth K W Li
PURPOSE: We present a case of endogenous endophthalmitis because of an unusual bacterium, Citrobacter koseri. PATIENT: A 57-year-old woman without previous history of eye surgery or trauma presented with diabetic ketoacidosis and a painful right eye with the reduction of vision. C. koseri was identified in blood culture; thus, a diagnosis of right eye endogenous endophthalmitis was made. Intravenous and intravitreal antibiotics were both started, and vitreous culture further confirmed C...
November 16, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144958/isolation-of-blandm-producing-enterobacteriaceae-in-a-public-hospital-in-salvador-bahia-brazil
#3
Maria Goreth Barberino, Silvia de Araujo Cruvinel, Célio Faria, Marco Aurélio Salvino, Márcio Oliveira
Carbapenemases have great importance in the global epidemiological scenario since infections with carbapenemase-producing bacteria are associated with high mortality, especially in hospitalized patients in intensive care units. This study describes two microorganisms producers of the New Delhi Metallo-b-lactamase (NDM), Klebsiella pneumoniae and Citrobacter freundii, from two patients admitted to a public hospital in Salvador, Bahia. These are the first clinical cases of NDM described in microorganisms in the north and northeast Brazil...
November 13, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139475/intestinal-epithelial-cell-specific-rar%C3%AE-depletion-results-in-aberrant-epithelial-cell-homeostasis-and-underdeveloped-immune-system
#4
H B Jijon, L Suarez-Lopez, O E Diaz, S Das, J De Calisto, M B Yaffe, M J Pittet, J R Mora, Y Belkaid, R J Xavier, E J Villablanca
Retinoic acid (RA), a dietary vitamin A metabolite, is crucial in maintaining intestinal homeostasis. RA acts on intestinal leukocytes to modulate their lineage commitment and function. Although the role of RA has been characterized in immune cells, whether intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) rely on RA signaling to exert their immune-regulatory function has not been examined. Here we demonstrate that lack of RA receptor α (RARα) signaling in IECs results in deregulated epithelial lineage specification, leading to increased numbers of goblet cells and Paneth cells...
November 15, 2017: Mucosal Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116010/multi-drug-resistance-and-extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-producing-gram-negative-bacteria-from-chicken-meat-in-bharatpur-metropolitan-nepal
#5
Anil Shrestha, Anup Muni Bajracharya, Hemraj Subedi, Raju Shah Turha, Sachin Kafle, Saroj Sharma, Sunil Neupane, Dhiraj Kumar Chaudhary
OBJECTIVE: Multidrug resistance (MDR) and extended spectrum beta lactamase (ESBL) producer Gram negative bacteria are considered as a major health problem, globally. ESBL enzyme hydrolyses the beta lactam ring of third generation cephalosporins, which alters the structure of the antibiotic. Due to the modification in structure of the antibiotic, bacteria show resistance to these antibiotics. Resistant bacterial strains are transmitted to humans from animals through consumption of uncooked meat, through contact with uncooked meat and meat surfaces...
November 7, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105585/fatal-cases-of-citrobacter-freundii-septicemia-and-encephalitis-in-sheep
#6
Huisheng Liu, Zhanqin Zhao, Yun Xue, Ke Ding, Qiao Xue
Citrobacter freundii is considered a ubiquitous organism and an opportunistic pathogen. Reports of C. freundii-associated disease in mammals have been very limited. We report an outbreak of C. freundii septicemia and encephalitis in sheep, with a high mortality rate; 13 adult sheep were found dead over a 6-d period on a farm in central China that housed ~1,370 sheep. Three animals were autopsied and showed septicemia, congestion of meningeal vessels, and pleural effusion. C. freundii was isolated in abundance in pure culture from 19 of 21 organs...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102639/two-contrary-roles-of-fe3o4-nanoparticles-on-kinetic-and-thermodynamic-of-paclitaxel-degradation-by-citrobacter-amalonaticus-rashtia-immobilized-on-sodium-alginate-gel-beads
#7
Hojjatolah Zamani, Roohan Rakhshaee, Seyed Reza Garakoui
Roles of Fe3O4 nanoparticles (NPs) on biodegradation of Paclitaxel by Citrobacter amalonaticus immobilized on alginate gel beads were investigated. Limitation in substrate diffusion is the major drawback of the cell immobilization method. To overcome this problem, bacterial cells were immobilized on the gel beads containing different concentrations (5-20mg/mL) of Fe3O4 NPs and their Paclitaxel degrading potential at different temperatures was investigated using kinetic and thermodynamic modeling. Co-immobilization of bacterial cells with 5, 10 and 20mg/mL Fe3O4 NPs enhanced biodegradation efficiencies to 66%, 80% and 78%, respectively, compared to the NPs free immobilized cells (41...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092035/complete-nucleotide-sequences-of-two-kpc-2-encoding-plasmids-from-the-same-citrobacter-freundii-isolate
#8
Beiwen Zheng, Chen Huang, Hao Xu, Xiao Yu, Jing Zhang, Xin Wang, Xiawei Jiang, Yonghong Xiao, Lanjuan Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 30, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091261/the-mouse-model-of-infection-with-citrobacter-rodentium
#9
Nicolas Bouladoux, Oliver J Harrison, Yasmine Belkaid
Citrobacter rodentium is a murine mucosal pathogen used as a model to elucidate the molecular and cellular pathogenesis of infection with two clinically important human gastrointestinal pathogens, enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) and enterohaemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC). C. rodentium infection provides an excellent model to study different aspects of host-pathogen interaction in the gut, including intestinal inflammatory responses during bacteria-induced colitis, mucosal healing and epithelial repair, the induction of mucosal immune responses, and the role of the intestinal microbiota in mediating resistance to colonization by enteric pathogens...
November 1, 2017: Current Protocols in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080535/arsenic-biotransformation-potential-of-microbial-arsh-responses-in-the-biogeochemical-cycling-of-arsenic-contaminated-groundwater
#10
Jin-Soo Chang, In-Ho Yoon, Kyoung-Woong Kim
ArsH encodes an oxidoreductase, an NAD(P)H-dependent mononucleotide reductase, with an unknown function, frequently within an ars operon, and is widely distributed in bacteria. Novel arsenite-oxidizing bacteria have been isolated from arsenic-contaminated groundwater and surface soil in Vietnam. We found that ArsH gene activity, with arsenite oxidase in the periplasm; it revealed arsenic oxidation potential of the arsH system. Batch experiment results revealed Citrobacter freundii strain VTan4 (DQ481466) and Pseudomonas putida strain VTw33 (DQ481482) completely oxidized 1 mM of arsenite to arsenate within 30-50 h...
October 19, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075617/distinctive-gut-microbiota-is-associated-with-diarrheagenic-escherichia-coli-infections-in-chilean-children
#11
Pablo Gallardo, Mariana Izquierdo, Roberto M Vidal, Nayaret Chamorro-Veloso, Ramon Rosselló-Móra, Miguel O'Ryan, Mauricio J Farfán
Background: Diarrheagenic Escherichia coli (DEC) strains are a major cause of diarrhea in children under 5 years of age worldwide. DEC pathogenicity relies on the interaction of bacteria with environmental factors, including the host's resident gut microbiota. Previous reports have shown changes in the gut microbiota's composition during episodes of diarrhea, which may increase the pathogenicity of DEC strains. More intense and detailed identification of microbiota strains specifically associated with DEC infections and disease is needed to pinpoint their role in DEC pathogenicity...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067005/characterization-of-four-multidrug-resistance-plasmids-captured-from-the-sediments-of-an-urban-coastal-wetland
#12
Ryan T Botts, Brooke A Apffel, C J Walters, Kelly E Davidson, Ryan S Echols, Michael R Geiger, Victoria L Guzman, Victoria S Haase, Michal A Montana, Chip A La Chat, Jenna A Mielke, Kelly L Mullen, Cierra C Virtue, Celeste J Brown, Eva M Top, David E Cummings
Self-transmissible and mobilizable plasmids contribute to the emergence and spread of multidrug-resistant bacteria by enabling the horizontal transfer of acquired antibiotic resistance. The objective of this study was to capture and characterize self-transmissible and mobilizable resistance plasmids from a coastal wetland impacted by urban stormwater runoff and human wastewater during the rainy season. Four plasmids were captured, two self-transmissible and two mobilizable, using both mating and enrichment approaches...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067002/bacterial-synergism-in-lignocellulose-biomass-degradation-complementary-roles-of-degraders-as-influenced-by-complexity-of-the-carbon-source
#13
Larisa Cortes-Tolalpa, Joana F Salles, Jan Dirk van Elsas
Lignocellulosic biomass (LCB) is an attractive source of carbon for the production of sugars and other chemicals. Due to its inherent complexity and heterogeneity, efficient biodegradation requires the actions of different types of hydrolytic enzymes. In nature, complex microbial communities that work efficiently and often synergistically accomplish degradation. Studying such synergisms in LCB degradation is fundamental for the establishment of an optimal biological degradation process. Here, we examine the wheat straw degradation potential of synthetic microbial consortia composed of bacteria and fungi...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062711/strongyloides-hyperinfection-syndrome-causing-fatal-meningitis-and-septicemia-by-citrobacter-koseri
#14
Felix Reyes, Navneet Singh, Nigar Anjuman-Khurram, Jihae Lee, Lillian Chow
Citrobacter koseri is a gram-negative bacillius that belongs to the Enterobacteriaceae family. It is an uncommon pathogen that typically causes meningitis and brain abscesses in children, however central nervous system (CNS) infections are rarely found in adults. We present a case of C. koseri meningitis in an immunocompetent adult secondary to intestinal micro-perforation caused by Strongyloides A 76-year-old man admitted for asthma exacerbation developed septic shock. A lumbar puncture revealed bacterial meningitis...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061750/dissemination-and-characteristics-of-a-novel-plasmid-encoded-carbapenem-hydrolyzing-class-d-%C3%AE-lactamase-oxa-436-from-four-patients-involving-six-different-hospitals-in-denmark
#15
Ørjan Samuelsen, Frank Hansen, Bettina Aasnæs, Henrik Hasman, Bjarte Aarmo Lund, Hanna-Kirsti S Leiros, Berit Lilje, Jessin Janice, Lotte Jakobsen, Pia Littauer, Lillian M Søes, Barbara J Holzknecht, Leif P Andersen, Marc Stegger, Paal S Andersen, Anette M Hammerum
The diversity of OXA-48-like carbapenemases is continually expanding. In this study, we describe the dissemination and characteristics of a novel carbapenem-hydrolyzing class D carbapenemase (CHDL) named OXA-436. In total, six OXA-436-producing Enterobacteriaceae isolates including Enterobacter asburiae (n=3), Citrobacter freundii (n=2) and Klebsiella pneumoniae (n=1) were identified in four patients in the period between September 2013 and April 2015. All three species of OXA-436-producing Enterobacteriaceae were found in one patient...
October 23, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046693/antibacterial-activity-of-essential-oil-from-lavender-lavandula-angustifolia-against-pet-turtle-borne-pathogenic-bacteria
#16
Sabrina Hossain, Honghoi Heo, B C J De Silva, S H M P Wimalasena, H N K S Pathirana, Gang-Joon Heo
Pet turtles are well-known to harbor an array of bacterial pathogens which can cause zoonotic infections in humans as well as opportunistic infections in the turtles itself. Essential oils are the natural plant extracts which have been traditionally used for disease treatment. In the present study, the essential oil of lavender (EOL) was examined for its antibacterial activity against thirty-eight strains of turtle-borne pathogenic bacteria belonging to seven species; Aeromonas hydrophila, A. caviae, A. dhakensis, Citrobacter freundii, Proteus mirabilis, Salmonella enterica and Pseudomonas aeruginosa...
September 2017: Laboratory Animal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040585/emergence-of-mcr-1-and-carbapenemase-genes-in-hospital-sewage-water-in-beijing-china
#17
Longyang Jin, Ruobing Wang, Xiaojuan Wang, Qi Wang, Yawei Zhang, Yuyao Yin, Hui Wang
Objectives: This study identified and characterized mcr-1-positive Enterobacteriaceae (MCRPE) and carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) in hospital sewage water. Methods: Influent and effluent sewage samples were collected from five tertiary hospitals in Beijing in December 2016. Samples were screened for MCRPE and CPE using antibiotic selection media. Results were confirmed by PCR amplification of β-lactamase and colistin resistance (mcr-1 and mcr-2) genes and by sequencing...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038662/multidrug-resistant-enteric-bacterial-pathogens-in-a-psychiatric-hospital-in-ghana-implications-for-control-of-nosocomial-infections
#18
Kwabena O Duedu, George Offei, Francis S Codjoe, Eric S Donkor
Enteric bacteria are commonly implicated in hospital-acquired or nosocomial infections. In Ghana, these infections constitute an important public health problem but little is known about their contribution to antibiotic resistance. The aim of the study was to determine the extent and pattern of antibiotic resistance of enteric bacteria isolated from patients and environmental sources at the Accra Psychiatric Hospital. A total of 265 samples were collected from the study site including 142 stool and 82 urine samples from patients, 7 swab samples of door handle, and 3 samples of drinking water...
2017: International Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035671/selection-of-electrogenic-bacteria-for-microbial-fuel-cell-in-removing-victoria-blue-r-from-wastewater
#19
Chih-Yu Chen, Teh-Hua Tsai, Pei-Ssu Wu, Shuo-En Tsao, Yu-Shan Huang, Ying-Chien Chung
This study was conducted to select electrogenic bacteria from wastewater sludge. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that Proteobacteria was the dominant phylum in the microbial fuel cell (MFC) during the decomposition process of organic pollutants. Five culturable bacteria strains - namely, Bacillus subtilis, Flavobacterium sp., Aeromonas hydrophila, Citrobacter freundii, and Stenotrophomonas sp. - have a double potential in dye removal and electricity generation. We inoculated the mixed electrogenic bacteria at a specific ratio and treated them with a triphenylmethane dye, Victoria blue R (VBR), to evaluate their electricity generation ability for the artificial and real wastewater...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029114/carbapenem-resistant-citrobacter-spp-isolated-in-spain-from-2013-to-2015-produced-a-variety-of-carbapenemases-including-vim-1-oxa-48-kpc-2-ndm-1-and-vim-2
#20
David M Arana, Adriana Ortega, Eva González-Barberá, Noelia Lara, Verónica Bautista, Dolores Gómez-Ruíz, David Sáez, Sara Fernández-Romero, Belén Aracil, María Pérez-Vázquez, José Campos, Jesús Oteo
Objectives: There is little information about carbapenemase-producing (CP) Citrobacter spp. We studied the molecular epidemiology and microbiological features of CP Citrobacter spp. isolates collected in Spain (2013-15). Methods: In total, 119 isolates suspected of being CP by the EUCAST screening cut-off values were analysed. Carbapenemases and ESBLs were characterized using PCR and sequencing. The genetic relationship among Citrobacter freundii isolates was studied by PFGE...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
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