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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772185/therapies-for-mobility-disability-in-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis
#1
Jessica F Baird, Brian M Sandroff, Robert W Motl
Mobility disability is one of the most widespread and impactful consequences of multiple sclerosis (MS). Disease modifying drugs (DMDs) may delay the progression of disability over time; however, there is minimal evidence supporting the efficacy of DMDs for reversing mobility disability or restoring ambulatory function in persons with MS. Areas covered: This review outlines symptomatic pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic therapeutic approaches that target mobility disability with the goal of restoring and improving walking function...
May 17, 2018: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768643/effects-of-resistance-training-and-combined-training-program-on-repeated-sprint-ability-in-futsal-players
#2
Julio Torres-Torrelo, David Rodríguez-Rosell, Ricardo Mora-Custodio, Fernando Pareja-Blanco, Juan Manuel Yañez-García, Juan José González-Badillo
The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of 6 weeks resistance training (RT) with combined RT and loaded change of direction (CD) exercise on muscle strength and repeated sprint ability (RSA) in futsal players. Thirty-four players (age: 23.7±4.1 years; height: 1.77±0.06 m; body mass: 74.1±8.2 kg) were randomly assigned into three groups: full squat group (SG, n=12), combined full squat and CD group (S+CDG, n=12), and control group (CG, n=10). The RT for SG consisted of full squat with low-load (~45-60% 1RM) and low-volume (2-3 sets and 4-6 repetitions), whereas the S+CDG performed the same RT program combined with loaded CD (2-5 sets of 10 s)...
May 16, 2018: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763454/multivariate-classification-of-brugada-syndrome-patients-based-on-autonomic-response-to-exercise-testing
#3
Mireia Calvo, Daniel Romero, Virginie Le Rolle, Nathalie Béhar, Pedro Gomis, Philippe Mabo, Alfredo I Hernández
Ventricular arrhythmias in Brugada syndrome (BS) typically occur at rest and especially during sleep, suggesting that changes in the autonomic modulation may play an important role in arrhythmogenesis. The autonomic response to exercise and subsequent recovery was evaluated on 105 patients diagnosed with BS (twenty-four were symptomatic), by means of a time-frequency heart rate variability (HRV) analysis, so as to propose a novel predictive model capable of distinguishing symptomatic and asymptomatic BS populations...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761094/2017-dutch-report-card-results-from-the-first-physical-activity-report-card-plus-for-dutch-youth-with-a-chronic-disease-or-disability
#4
Marcella Burghard, Nynke B de Jong, Selina Vlieger, Tim Takken
Background: The Dutch Active Healthy Kids (AHK) Report Card+ (RC+ ) consolidates and translates research and assesses how the Netherlands is being responsible in providing physical activity (PA) opportunities for youth (< 18 years) with a chronic disease or disability. The aim of this article is to summarize the results of the Dutch RC+ . Methods: Nine indicators were graded using the AHK Global Alliance RC development process, which includes a synthesis of best available research, surveillance, policy and practice findings, and expert consensus...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730967/political-economy-of-infant-mortality-rate-role-of-democracy-versus-good-governance
#5
Dina Y Rosenberg
Despite numerous studies on whether democracy reduces the infant mortality rate (IMR), the empirical results remain mixed at best. In this article, I perform several theoretical and empirical exercises that help explain why and under what conditions we should expect politics to matter most for a decrease in IMR. First, I capitalize on the epidemiological view that IMR - the most commonly used indicator of health in social sciences - is better suited to reflect public health micromanagement than overall social development...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724390/the-impact-of-carrying-supplemental-oxygen-on-exercise-capacity-and-dyspnea-in-patients-with-interstitial-lung-disease
#6
Deepa Ramadurai, Maeveen Riordan, Bridget Graney, Tara Churney, Amy L Olson, Jeffrey J Swigris
BACKGROUND: May patients with interstitial lung disease (ILD) require supplementary oxygen (O2 ) therapy to maintain normoxia. However, ambulatory O2 delivery devices are constraining and cumbersome. The physiologic and symptomatic impact of these devices on ILD patients is unknown. METHODS: We conducted a prospective study of 30 clinically stable ILD patients (with varying disease severity), half of whom used O2 at baseline. Each subject completed two six-minute walk tests (6MWTs); for O2 users, one walk was completed while wearing a backpack (weight 7...
May 2018: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708134/british-torture-in-the-war-on-terror
#7
Ruth Blakeley, Sam Raphael
Despite long-standing allegations of UK involvement in prisoner abuse during counterterrorism operations as part of the US-led 'war on terror', a consistent narrative emanating from British government officials is that Britain neither uses, condones nor facilitates torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment and punishment. We argue that such denials are untenable. We have established beyond reasonable doubt that Britain has been deeply involved in post-9/11 prisoner abuse, and we can now provide the most detailed account to date of the depth of this involvement...
June 2017: European journal of international relations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705158/efficacy-of-combined-electrostimulation-in-patients-with-acute-exacerbation-of-copd-randomised-clinical-trial
#8
REVIEW
Laura Lopez Lopez, Maria Granados Santiago, Maria Donaire Galindo, Irene Torres Sanchez, Araceli Ortiz Rubio, Marie Carmen Valenza
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Muscle dysfunction is very common in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Muscular strength depletion is a result of numerous hospitalisations and this causes an increase in the symptomatology. Numerous interventions have been used in these patients, but there is no consensus on the best. The main objective of this study is to compare the effectiveness of two physiotherapy interventions during hospitalisation in COPD patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this clinical trial, we included 39 patients who were randomised into three groups...
April 25, 2018: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692203/a-new-generalized-cycle-ergometry-equation-for-predicting-maximal-oxygen-uptake-the-fitness-registry-and-the-importance-of-exercise-national-database-friend
#9
Peter Kokkinos, Leonard A Kaminsky, Ross Arena, Jiajia Zhang, Jonathan Myers
Background To develop a clinically applicable equation derived from direct assessment of maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max ) to predict VO2max assessed indirectly during cycle ergometry. Design VO2max was assessed by open-circuit spirometry during a graded maximal exercise test using cycle ergometry. Multivariable linear regression analysis was applied to identify the most relevant variables and construct the best prediction model for VO2max using a random sample of 70% from each of the following age categories: <40, 40-50, 50-70 and >70 years; the remaining 30% was used for validation...
January 1, 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669710/development-of-an-internet-administered-cognitive-behavior-therapy-program-engage-for-parents-of-children-previously-treated-for-cancer-participatory-action-research-approach
#10
Anna Wikman, Laura Kukkola, Helene Börjesson, Martin Cernvall, Joanne Woodford, Helena Grönqvist, Louise von Essen
BACKGROUND: Parenting a child through cancer is a distressing experience, and a subgroup of parents report negative long-term psychological consequences years after treatment completion. However, there is a lack of evidence-based psychological interventions for parents who experience distress in relation to a child's cancer disease after end of treatment. OBJECTIVE: One aim of this study was to develop an internet-administered, cognitive behavior therapy-based, psychological, guided, self-help intervention (ENGAGE) for parents of children previously treated for cancer...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651888/mechanisms-of-performance-improvements-due-to-a-leading-teammate-during-uphill-cycling
#11
Theo Ouvrard, Alain Groslambert, Gilles Ravier, Sidney Grosprêtre, Phillipe Gimenez, Frederic Grappe
PURPOSE: This study aimed to identify the impact of a leading teammate in front of a cyclist on psychological, physiological, biomechanical and performance parameters during an uphill maximal effort. METHODS: After familiarisation, twelve well-trained competitive cyclists completed two uphill time-trials (UTTs, 2.7 km at 7.4 %) in randomised order: one performed alone (control condition), and one following a simulated teammate during the entire UTT (leader condition)...
April 13, 2018: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626139/manchester-arena-bombing-lessons-learnt-from-a-mass-casualty-incident
#12
Ross J Craigie, P J Farrelly, R Santos, S R Smith, J S Pollard, D J Jones
On 22 May 2017 Salman Abedi detonated an improvised explosive device in the Manchester Arena resulting in 23 deaths (including the attacker). This was the deadliest terrorist attack on UK soil since the 2005 London bombings, but was only one of five mass casualty terrorist attacks in the UK in 2017. Preparation for mass casualty incidents (MCI) is obligatory, involving such methods as multiagency tabletop exercises, mock hospital exercises, as well as simulation and training for clinicians in managing the injuries that would be anticipated in such an event...
April 6, 2018: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621686/examination-of-sustainability-indicators-for-fall-prevention-strategies-in-three-states
#13
Matthew Lee Smith, Nicholas K Durrett, Ellen C Schneider, Imani N Byers, Tiffany E Shubert, Ashley D Wilson, Samuel D Towne, Marcia G Ory
With 1-in-4 older adults suffering a fall each year, fall prevention efforts have emerged as a public health priority. Multi-level, evidence-based fall prevention programs have been promoted by the CDC and other government agencies. To ensure participants and communities receive programs' intended benefits, organizations must repeatedly deliver the programs over time and plan for program sustainability as part of 'scaling up' the initiative. The State Falls Prevention Project (SFPP) began in 2011 when the CDC provided 5 years of funding to State Departments of Health in Colorado, New York, and Oregon to simultaneously implement four fall prevention strategies: 1) Tai Chi: Moving for Better Balance; 2) Stepping On; 3) Otago Exercise Program; and 4) STEADI (STopping Elderly Accidents, Deaths, and Injuries) toolkit...
February 13, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616481/preoperative-rehabilitation-in-lung-cancer-patients-yoga-approach
#14
Giovanni Barassi, Rosa Grazia Bellomo, Antonella Di Iulio, Achille Lococo, Annamaria Porreca, Piera Attilia Di Felice, Raoul Saggini
Lung cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer death worldwide. Surgical removal remains the best option for most tumors of this type. Reduction of cigarette consumption in patients with lung cancer candidates for the surgery could limit the impact of tobacco on postsurgical outcomes. Breathing exercises appear to help combat cigarette cravings. Yoga exercise benefits have been studied in lung cancer survivors, rather than in the preoperative setting. In this study, we have recruited 32 active smokers affected by lung cancer and being candidates for pulmonary surgery...
April 4, 2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605522/trial-protocol-home-based-exercise-programs-to-prevent-falls-and-upper-limb-dysfunction-among-community-dwelling-older-people-study-protocol-for-the-best-balance-exercise-strength-training-at-home-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Amanda Bates, Susan Furber, Anne Tiedemann, Karen Ginn, Paul van den Dolder, Kirsten Howard, Adrian Bauman, Cathy Chittenden, Lisa Franco, Michelle Kershaw, Catherine Sherrington
INTRODUCTION: Falling when older is a major public health issue. There is compelling evidence to show that specific exercise programs can reduce the risk and rate of falls in community-dwelling older people. Another major health issue for older people living in the community is upper limb dysfunction, including shoulder pain. Home-based exercise programs appeal to some older people, due to their convenience. RESEARCH QUESTIONS: This trial aims to determine the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a home-based lower limb exercise program compared with a home-based upper limb exercise program to prevent falls and upper limb dysfunction among community-dwelling people aged 65+ years...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599870/effect-of-two-different-types-of-olympic-rotation-order-on-cardiovascular-and-metabolic-variables-in-men-s-artistic-gymnastics
#16
Bessem Mkaouer, Monèm Jemni, Helmi Chaabene, Samiha Amara, Ahmad Njah, Mokhtar Chtara
The rotation sequence-order differs from a gymnast to another according to the draw at the time of the qualifying competitions in men's artistic gymnastics. Only the six best gymnasts start on the floor exercises, the others could start on any of the other five apparatuses. It has been demonstrated that some gymnastics events are physiologically less taxing than others; hence some gymnasts could experience lower and/or higher levels of cardiovascular and metabolic stress compared to others, depending on the apparatus they start with...
March 2018: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599865/effect-of-compression-garments-on-physiological-responses-after-uphill-running
#17
Ivan Struhár, Michal Kumstát, Dagmar Moc Králová
Limited practical recommendations related to wearing compression garments for athletes can be drawn from the literature at the present time. We aimed to identify the effects of compression garments on physiological and perceptual measures of performance and recovery after uphill running with different pressure and distributions of applied compression. In a random, double blinded study, 10 trained male runners undertook three 8 km treadmill runs at a 6% elevation rate, with the intensity of 75% VO2max while wearing low, medium grade compression garments and high reverse grade compression...
March 2018: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593787/utilization-of-smartphone-applications-by-anesthesia-providers
#18
Michael S Green, Johann J Mathew, Archana Gundigi Venkatesh, Parmis Green, Rayhan Tariq
Health care-related apps provide valuable facts and have added a new dimension to knowledge sharing. The purpose of this study is to understand the pattern of utilization of mobile apps specifically created for anesthesia providers. Smartphone app stores were searched, and a survey was sent to 416 anesthesia providers at 136 anesthesiology residency programs querying specific facets of application use. Among respondents, 11.4% never used, 12.4% used less than once per month, 6.0% used once per month, 12.1% used 2-3 times per month, 13...
2018: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566692/geographic-assessment-of-access-to-health-care-in-patients-with-cardiovascular-disease-in-south-africa
#19
Thandi Kapwata, Samuel Manda
BACKGROUND: Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) including cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), diabetes, cancer and chronic lung disease are increasingly emerging as major contributors to morbidity and mortality in developing countries. For example, in South Africa, 195 people died per day between 1997 and 2004 from CVDs related causes. Access to efficient and effective health facility and care is an important contributing factor to overall population health and addressing prognosis, care and management CVD disease burden...
March 22, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558034/effect-of-physical-activity-on-the-sequelae-of-osteoporosis-in-female-residents-of-residential-care-facilities
#20
Agnieszka J Nawrat-Szołtysik, Anna Polak, Andrzej Małecki, Laura Piejko, Dominika Grzybowska-Ganszczyk, Michał Kręcichwost, Józef Opara
BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis is one of the most common diseases that develop with age and cause high morbidity and mortality among elderly people. OBJECTIVES: This study was set out to evaluate the influence of a program of modified Sinaki exercises, Nordic walking (NW) and a combination of these physical activities on people with osteoporosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A sample consisting of 91 women aged 65-98 years living in residential care facilities was randomized into 4 groups...
March 20, 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
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