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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214493/the-value-of-near-infrared-spectroscopy-for-the-assessment-of-calf-muscle-function-in-venous-patients
#1
Spyros N Vasdekis, Ioannis Tzemailas, Constantine N Antonopoulos, Sotiria Mastoraki, George K Mantas, Andreas Lazaris
OBJECTIVE: Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is a noninvasive technique with the potential to determine the degree of tissue oxygenation. The aim of the current study was to investigate the use of NIRS as a reliable method of detecting calf muscle pump dysfunction in groups of patients with venous disease. METHODS: Patients with superficial venous insufficiency (SVI) or history of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) were classified according to the comprehensive classification system for chronic venous disorders (clinical class, etiology, anatomy, and pathophysiology) and compared with controls (GROUP variable)...
March 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187924/measuring-the-dysphonia-severity-index-dsi-in-the-program-praat
#2
Youri Maryn, Dominique Morsomme, Marc De Bodt
BACKGROUND: The original Dysphonia Severity Index (ie, DSI) weighs and combines four voice markers in a single number to size dysphonia gradation in the clinic: percent jitter (from Multi-Dimensional Voice Program; KayPENTAX Corp., Montvale, NJ), softest intensity and highest fundamental frequency (both from Voice Range Profile; KayPENTAX Corp.), and maximum phonation time. To be more generally applied, however, implementation of DSI in the program Praat (Paul Boersma and David Weenink, Institute for Phonetic Sciences, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands) would be advantageous for all voice clinicians...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181838/physical-activity-questionnaires-do-not-accurately-estimate-fitness-in-older-women
#3
Aurora de Fátima Cabral, Marcelo M Pinheiro, Charlles Hm Castro, Marco Túlio de Mello, Sergio Tufik, Vera L Szejnfeld
OBJECTIVE: To compare the performance of International Physical Activity Questionnaire - IPAQ and Baecke questionnaire to estimate maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) in healthy older women. METHODS: One hundred healthy women aged 60 years and older answered the IPAQ and Baecke questionnaires and underwent cardiopulmonary exercise test. Six-minute walk (6MWT), Timed up and go (TUG) and handgrip strength test (HST) were also performed. RESULTS: Mean age and body mass index were 68...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152760/patients-as-partners-in-managing-cancer-treatment-related-toxicity
#4
Kathy Vu, Meaghan Wright, Colleen Fox, Noor Ahmad, Vicky Simanovski, Leonard Kaizer, Monika K Krzyzanowska
: 215 Background: Cancer Care Ontario is the government agency responsible for improving cancer services across Ontario's 14 regions. To promote advances in best practices related to systemic treatment, Cancer Care Ontario hosts annual Systemic Treatment Safety Symposia, which serve as a platform to discuss quality and safety issues and results of quality improvement (QI) initiatives in alignment with the Systemic Treatment Provincial Plan. For the first time, the 2015 Symposium brought together patients and providers to discuss gaps and opportunities for improvement in relation to toxicity management (TM) during chemotherapy...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152083/group-qigong-for-adolescent-inpatients-with-anorexia-nervosa-incentives-and-barriers
#5
Juliette Gueguen, Marie-Aude Piot, Massimiliano Orri, Andrea Gutierre, Jocelyne Le Moan, Sylvie Berthoz, Bruno Falissard, Nathalie Godart
BACKGROUND: Qigong is a mind-body intervention focusing on interoceptive awareness that appears to be a promising approach in anorexia nervosa (AN). In 2008, as part of our multidimensional treatment program for adolescent inpatients with AN, we began a weekly qigong workshop that turned out to be popular among our adolescent patients. Moreover psychiatrists perceived clinical benefits that deserved further exploration. METHODS AND FINDINGS: A qualitative study therefore sought to obtain a deeper understanding of how young patients with severe AN experience qigong and to determine the incentives and barriers to adherence to qigong, to understanding its meaning, and to applying it in other contexts...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149422/comparison-of-oxygen-uptake-during-and-after-the-execution-of-resistance-exercises-and-exercises-performed-on-ergometers-matched-for-intensity
#6
José Vilaça-Alves, Nuno Miguel Freitas, Francisco José Saavedra, Christopher B Scott, Victor Machado Dos Reis, Roberto Simão, Nuno Garrido
The aim of this study was to compare the values of oxygen uptake (VO2) during and after strength training exercises (STe) and ergometer exercises (Ee), matched for intensity and exercise time. Eight men (24 ± 2.33 years) performed upper and lower body cycling Ee at the individual's ventilatory threshold (VE/VCO2). The STe session included half squats and the bench press which were performed with a load at the individual blood lactate concentration of 4 mmol/l. Both sessions lasted 30 minutes, alternating 50 seconds of effort with a 10 second transition time between upper and lower body work...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149397/optimizing-post-activation-potentiation-for-explosive-activities-in-competitive-sports
#7
Artur Gołaś, Adam Maszczyk, Adam Zajac, Kazimierz Mikołajec, Petr Stastny
Post activation potentiation (PAP) has shown improved performance during movements requiring large muscular power output following contractions under near maximal load conditions. PAP can be described as an acute enhancement of performance or an enhancement of factors determining an explosive sports activity following a preload stimulus. In practice, PAP has been achieved by complex training, which involves a combination of a heavy loaded exercise followed by a biomechanically similar explosive activity, best if specific for a particular sport discipline...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142369/plantar-fasciitis-will-physical-therapy-help-my-foot-pain
#8
(no author information available yet)
One out of 10 people in the United States experience persistent pain along the bottom of the foot, a condition known as plantar fasciitis. In 2014, the Orthopaedic Section of the American Physical Therapy Association published updated clinical practice guidelines on the best treatments for patients with plantar fasciitis. The guidelines present evidence that strongly suggests a combination of manual therapy and rehabilitative exercises to help patients with this foot condition. In a more recent study published in the February 2017 issue of JOSPT, researchers reviewed the records of people with plantar fasciitis who were sent to physical therapy...
February 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127650/primary-surgical-repair-of-acute-achilles-tendon-rupture-comparative-results-of-three-surgical-techniques
#9
Dragan Lonzarić, Aleksandar Kruščić, Dejan Dinevski, Petra Povalej Bržan, Breda Jesenšek Papež
PURPOSE: To determine which of the three surgical techniques for acute unilateral complete rupture of Achilles tendons in use at the University Clinical Centre Maribor gives the best short-term functional results. METHODS: In the retrospective analysis of the results of 3 surgical techniques, 262 patients of which 244 (93.1%) were men (mean age 41.6 ± 10.0 years, range 21.5-83.0 years) operated on during the period from 2000 to 2008 were included. Group A (open technique with fascial augmentation) included 42 (16%) patients, group B (original modification of percutaneous suturing according to Čretnik and Kosanović) included 159 (60...
January 26, 2017: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121233/heart-rate-response-and-variability-following-maximal-exercise-in-overweight-children
#10
Justin P Guilkey, Brandon Dykstra, Jennifer Erichsen, Anthony D Mahon
PURPOSE: This study examined heart rate recovery (HRR) and heart rate variability (HRV) following maximal exercise in lean (<85th percentile age- and sex-BMI percentile; n=11 (♂=5; ♀=6); 10.1±0.7 years) and overweight (≥85th age- and sex-BMI percentile; n=11 (♂=5; ♀=6); 10.5±1.2 years) children. METHODS: Participants completed a 10-minute rest, followed by a graded exercise test to maximal effort. HRV, in the time and frequency domains, was assessed during rest and recovery...
January 25, 2017: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116880/post-exercise-recovery-of-biological-clinical-and-metabolic-variables-after-different-temperatures-and-durations-of-cold-water-immersion-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#11
Franciele M Vanderlei, Maíra C DE Albuquerque, Aline C DE Almeida, Aryane F Machado, Jayme Netto, Carlos M Pastre
BACKGROUND: Cold water immersion (CWI) is a commonly used recuperative strategy. However there is a lack of standardization of protocols considering the duration and temperature of application of the technique and the stress model. Therefore is it important to study the issue of dose response in a specific stress model. Thus the objective was to analyze and compare the effects of CWI during intense post-exercise recovery using different durations and temperatures of immersion. METHODS: 105 male individuals were divided into five groups: one control group (CG) and four recovery groups (G1: 5' at 9±1°C; G2: 5' at 14±1oC; G3: 15' at 9±1°C; G4: 15' at 14±1°C)...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099774/drivers-of-soil-and-tree-carbon-dynamics-in-urban-residential-lawns-a-modeling-approach
#12
T L E Trammell, R V Pouyat, M M Carreiro, I Yesilonis
Soils constitute the largest sink of terrestrial carbon (C), and urban soils have the potential to provide significant soil C storage. Soils in urbanized landscapes experience a multitude of human alterations, such as compaction and management subsidies, that impact soil C dynamics. While field studies may provide data on urban soil C storage, modeling soil C dynamics under various human impact scenarios will provide a basis for identifying drivers of urban soil C dynamics and for predicting the potential for these highly altered soils to store C over time intervals not typically amenable to empirical validation...
January 18, 2017: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071936/concussion-baseline-testing-preexisting-factors-symptoms-and-neurocognitive-performance
#13
Eric Hall, Jordan Cottle, Caroline Ketcham, Kirtida Patel, Kenneth P Barnes
CONTEXT:  Neurocognitive test scores are often considered an important aspect of concussion management. To best use these data, clinicians must understand potential factors that may influence baseline performance on these tests. OBJECTIVE:  To determine preexisting factors that may influence performance on the Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Test (ImPACT). DESIGN:  Cross-sectional study. SETTING:  Research laboratory...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049238/the-curves-exercise-suppresses-endotoxemia-in-korean-women-with-obesity
#14
Seon Ah Jin, Sun Kyeong Kim, Hee Jung Seo, Mijoo Kim, Kye Taek Ahn, Jun Hyung Kim, Jae Hyeong Park, Jae Hwan Lee, Si Wan Choi, Jin Ok Jeong
Obesity and metabolic syndrome is a worldwide pandemic and associated with high cardiovascular risk. Metabolic endotoxemia (ME) is thought to be an underlying molecular mechanism. It triggers toll-like receptor 4-mediated inflammatory adipokines and causes a chronic low grade inflammatory status, which results in cardiovascular risk increase. Exercise is the best nonpharmacological treatment to improve prognosis. In this study, we examined the circulating endotoxin level in Korean obese women and investigated effects of exercise on it...
February 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032459/effects-of-weekly-supervised-exercise-or-physical-activity-counseling-on-fasting-blood-glucose-in-women-diagnosed-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-trials
#15
Roberta Bgeginski, Paula A B Ribeiro, Michelle F Mottola, José Geraldo L Ramos
BACKGROUND: Exercise is an important part of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) lifestyle management. However, there is no meta-analysis analyzing the effects of exercise programs on fasting blood glucose (FBG) in women with GDM. A systematic review with meta-analysis was performed to evaluate the effect of weekly-supervised exercise (EXE group) or physical activity counseling (PA group) in women with GDM compared to usual prenatal (UPN group) on glycemic control. METHODS: Eligible trials were identified from MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science, Scopus and SportDiscus up to 11 December 2016...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028408/treatment-of-the-aged-patients-at-a-large-cardiac-rehabilitation-center-in-the-southern-brazil-and-some-aspects-of-their-dropout-from-the-therapeutic-programs
#16
Pietro Felice Tomazini Nesello, Olga Tairova, Maria Tairova, Lucas Graciolli, Allan Baroni, Eduardo Comparsi, Thiago De Marchi
AIM: This paper aims to assess the dropout rate in different age groups through the example of the large cardiac rehabilitation centre affiliated with the Institute of Sports Medicine, University of Caxias do Sul. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A historic cohort study comprising the following groups: Non-Old < 65 (n = 141); Young-Old 65-74 (n = 128); and Middle-Old 75-84 years old (n = 57). The exercise program lasted 48 sessions and dropout was defined as attendance of 50% of sessions or less...
December 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999725/modifying-marching-technique-in-military-service-members-with-chronic-exertional-compartment-syndrome-a-case-series
#17
Pieter H Helmhout, Maj Angela Diebal-Lee, Laurens R Poelsma, Chris C Harts, Ltc Wes O Zimmermann
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The long-term effectiveness of both operative and non-operative management approaches for Chronic Exertional Compartment Syndrome of the lower legs (CECS) is moderate at best. Positive outcomes have recently been reported on modifying running technique in individuals with CECS. The purpose of this case series was to evaluate a training program aimed at changing marching technique in individuals with CECS, based on principles that aim to eliminate heel strike and decrease impact during foot strike...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996272/il-6-linkage-to-exercise-induced-shifts-in-lipid-related-metabolites-a-metabolomics-based-analysis
#18
David C Nieman, Wei Sha, Kirk L Pappan
Metabolomics profiling and bioinformatics technologies were used to determine the relationship between exercise-induced increases in IL-6 and lipid-related metabolites. Twenty-four male runners (age 36.5 ± 1.8 y) ran on treadmills to exhaustion (2.26 ± 0.01 h, 24.9 ± 1.3 km, 69.7 ± 1.9% VO2max). Vastus lateralis muscle biopsy and blood samples were collected before and immediately after running and showed a 33.7 ± 4.2% decrease in muscle glycogen, 39.0 ± 8.8-, 2.4 ± 0.3-, and 1.4 ± 0.1-fold increases in plasma IL-6, IL-8, and MCP-1, respectively, and 95...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981866/influence-of-videogames-and-musical-instruments-on-performances-at-a-simulator-for-robotic-surgery
#19
Andrea Moglia, Vittorio Perrone, Vincenzo Ferrari, Luca Morelli, Ugo Boggi, Mauro Ferrari, Franco Mosca, Alfred Cuschieri
OBJECTIVE: To assess if exposure to videogames, musical instrument playing, or both influence the psychomotor skills level, assessed by a virtual reality simulator for robot-assisted surgery (RAS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cohort of 57 medical students were recruited: playing musical instruments (group 1), videogames (group 2), both (group 3), and no activity (group 4); all students executed four exercises on a virtual simulator for RAS. RESULTS: Subjects from group 3 achieved the best performances on overall score: 527...
December 16, 2016: Minimally Invasive Therapy & Allied Technologies: MITAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929726/treatment-of-amblyopia-using-personalized-dosing-strategies-statistical-modelling-and-clinical-implementation
#20
Michael P Wallace, Catherine E Stewart, Merrick J Moseley, David A Stephens, Alistair R Fielder
PURPOSE: To generate a statistical model for personalizing a patient's occlusion therapy regimen. METHODS: Statistical modelling was undertaken on a combined data set of the Monitored Occlusion Treatment of Amblyopia Study (MOTAS) and the Randomized Occlusion Treatment of Amblyopia Study (ROTAS). This exercise permits the calculation of future patients' total effective dose (TED)-that predicted to achieve their best attainable visual acuity. Daily patching regimens (hours/day) can be calculated from the TED...
December 2016: Strabismus
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