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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933702/the-development-and-preliminary-validity-testing-of-the-healing-progression-rate-tool
#1
Daniel L Young, Nancy Estocado, Du Feng, Joyce Black
Accurate assessment and clear documentation are important aspects of wound care; they provide a basis for appropriate patient care decisions and reimbursement. A descriptive, qualitative study was conducted to develop and provide preliminary evidence of the validity of a new tool to measure wound healing (the Healing Progression Rate [HPR]), a modified version of the Pressure Ulcer Scale for Healing (PUSH). Three (3) groups of current and future practitioners participated in the instrument development and evaluation process: 1) 3 wound care experts/authors (2 physical therapists, 1 nurse) with a minimum of 15 years of experience, 2) 6 additional wound care experts (4 nurses and 2 physical therapists) with a minimum of 10 years experience, and 3) 120 participants (77 [64...
September 2017: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931460/brief-executive-function-training-for-individuals-with-severe-mental-illness-effects-on-eeg-synchronization-and-executive-functioning
#2
Michael W Best, Daniel Gale, Tanya Tran, Mashal K Haque, Christopher R Bowie
BACKGROUND: Executive Functioning (EF) is an important factor for community functioning for people with severe mental illness. Cognitive remediation programs often improve EF, but do so by using multiple therapeutic techniques. Little is known regarding how individual treatment elements promote cognitive improvement. Oscillatory brain activity is a potential neurophysiological mechanism that may change as a result of targeted training on computerized exercises. The current study aimed to examine the effects of a brief EF training program on EEG and neurocognitive measures...
September 18, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914720/effects-of-corrective-exercise-for-thoracic-hyperkyphosis-on-posture-balance-and-well-being-in-older-women-a-double-blind-group-matched-design
#3
Hyun-Jeong Jang, Lynne C Hughes, Duck-Won Oh, Suhn-Yeop Kim
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of a corrective exercise for thoracic hyperkyphosis on posture, balance, and well-being in Korean community-dwelling older women. METHODS: Fifty women 65 years of age and older, recruited from 2 senior centers, participated in this study. Participants were assigned to either the experimental group (EG) or the control group (CG) on the basis of convenience of location, and 22 in each were analyzed...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912659/power-time-curve-comparison-between-weightlifting-derivatives
#4
Timothy J Suchomel, Christopher J Sole
This study examined the power production differences between weightlifting derivatives through a comparison of power-time (P-t) curves. Thirteen resistance-trained males performed hang power clean (HPC), jump shrug (JS), and hang high pull (HHP) repetitions at relative loads of 30%, 45%, 65%, and 80% of their one repetition maximum (1RM) HPC. Relative peak power (PPRel), work (WRel), and P-t curves were compared. The JS produced greater PPRel than the HPC (p < 0.001, d = 2.53) and the HHP (p < 0.001, d = 2...
September 2017: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863885/a-new-indication-for-barbed-threads-static-reanimation-of-the-paralyzed-face
#5
Victor Vlad Costan, Eugenia Popescu, Daniela Sulea, Ioan Sorin Stratulat
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to present the authors' experience in static facial reanimation using a straightforward incisionless procedure adapted from techniques commonly used for performing minimally invasive facelifts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventeen patients were treated by static suspension using barbed sutures and all resulting changes were reviewed. The technique used for suture placement is described in detail, as are the author's tips for achieving the best esthetic and functional results...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831848/action-and-inaction-in-multi-behavior-recommendations-a-meta-analysis-of-lifestyle-interventions
#6
Dolores Albarracín, Kristina Wilson, Man-Pui Sally Chan, Marta Durantini, Flor Sanchez
This meta-analysis examined theoretical predictions about the effects of different combinations of action (e.g., start an exercise regime) and of inaction (e.g., reduce screen time, rest in between weight lifting series) recommendations in smoking, diet, and physical activity multiple-domain interventions. The synthesis included 150 research reports of interventions promoting multiple behavior domain change and measuring change at the most immediate follow-up. The main outcome measure was an indicator of overall change that combined behavioral and clinical effects...
August 23, 2017: Health Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830926/maximum-voluntary-ventilation-in-a-population-residing-at-2-240-meters-above-sea-level
#7
Silvia Cid-Juárez, Rogelio Pérez-Padilla, Luis Torre-Bouscoulet, Paul Enright, Laura Gochicoa-Rangel, Daniel Cortés-Medina, Peter Eliud Bapo-López, Marco Vinicio Tafolla-Manzo, Sergio Manuel Grave Díaz
BACKGROUND: Measured maximum voluntary ventilation (MVV) correlates with maximum ventilatory capacity during exercise. As a shortcut, MVV is often estimated by multiplying measured FEV1 times 35 or 40, but this index varies with altitude due to reduced air density. The objective was to describe MVV in healthy individuals residing at 2,240 m above sea level and compare it with the reference values customarily employed. METHODS: We recruited a convenience sample of respiratory-healthy, non-obese volunteers >10 y of age who had resided for >2 y in Mexico City...
August 22, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829268/now-is-the-time-for-a-postracial-medicine-biomedical-research-the-national-institutes-of-health-and-the-perpetuation-of-scientific-racism
#8
Javier Perez-Rodriguez, Alejandro de la Fuente
The consideration of racial differences in the biology of disease and treatment options is a hallmark of modern medicine. However, this time-honored medical tradition has no scientific basis, and the premise itself, that is, the existence of biological differences between the commonly known races, is false inasmuch as races are only sociocultural constructions. It is time to rid medical research of the highly damaging exercise of searching for supposed racial differences in the biological manifestations of disease...
September 2017: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827229/safety-and-feasibility-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-tdcs-combined-with-sensorimotor-retraining-in-chronic-low-back-pain-a-protocol-for-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Adam Louis Ouellette, Matthew B Liston, Wei-Ju Chang, David M Walton, Benedict Martin Wand, Siobhan M Schabrun
INTRODUCTION: Chronic low back pain (LBP) is a common and costly health problem yet current treatments demonstrate at best, small effects. The concurrent application of treatments with synergistic clinical and mechanistic effects may improve outcomes in chronic LBP. This pilot trial aims to (1) determine the feasibility, safety and perceived patient response to a combined transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) and sensorimotor retraining intervention in chronic LBP and (2) provide data to support a sample size calculation for a fully powered trial should trends of effectiveness be present...
August 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825859/evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-physical-exercise-interventions-in-persons-living-with-hiv-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#10
Emiko Kamitani, Theresa Ann Sipe, Darrel H Higa, Mary M Mullins, Jesus Soares
Physical exercise (PE) has not been well studied in persons living with HIV (PLHIV). We conducted an overview of systematic reviews to assess the effectiveness of PE and to determine the most appropriate PE regimen for PLHIV. We used the CDC's Prevention Research Synthesis Project's database and manual searches to identify systematic reviews published between 1996 and 2013. We qualitatively synthesized the findings from five reviews to assess the effectiveness of PE and conducted meta-analyses on CD4 counts to identify the best PE regimen...
August 2017: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813990/a-learning-based-agent-for-home-neurorehabilitation
#11
Andreas Lydakis, Yuanliang Meng, Christopher Munroe, Yi-Ning Wu, Momotaz Begum
This paper presents the iterative development of an artificially intelligent system to promote home-based neurorehabilitation. Although proper, structured practice of rehabilitation exercises at home is the key to successful recovery of motor functions, there is no home-program out there which can monitor a patient's exercise-related activities and provide corrective feedback in real time. To this end, we designed a Learning from Demonstration (LfD) based home-rehabilitation framework that combines advanced robot learning algorithms with commercially available wearable technologies...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810977/moving-beyond-accidental-leadership-a-graduate-medical-education-leadership-curriculum-needs-assessment
#12
Joshua D Hartzell, Clifton E Yu, Brian M Cohee, Michael R Nelson, Ramey L Wilson
BACKGROUND: Despite calls for greater physician leadership, few medical schools, and graduate medical education programs provide explicit training on the knowledge, skills, and attitudes necessary to be an effective physician leader. Rather, most leaders develop through what has been labeled "accidental leadership." A survey was conducted at Walter Reed to define the current status of leadership development and determine what learners and faculty perceived as key components of a leadership curriculum...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809602/fertility-preservation-and-sexual-health-after-cancer-therapy
#13
Nigel Pereira, Glenn L Schattman
Recent developments in cancer diagnostics and treatments have considerably improved long-term survival rates. Despite improvements in chemotherapy regimens, more focused radiotherapy and diverse surgical options, cancer treatments often have gonadotoxic side-effects that can manifest as loss of fertility or sexual dysfunction, particularly in young cancer survivors. In this review, we focus on two pertinent quality-of-life issues in female cancer survivors of reproductive age-fertility preservation and sexual function...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807362/leg-movement-tracking-in-automatic-video-based-one-leg-stance-evaluation
#14
Jacek Kawa, Paula Stępień, Wojciech Kapko, Aleksandra Niedziela, Jarosław Derejczyk
Falls are a major risk in elder population. Early diagnosis is therefore an important step towards increasing the safety of elders. One of the common diagnostic tests is the Berg Balance Scale (BBS), consisting of 14 exercises arranged from the easiest (sitting-to-standing) to the most demanding (one-leg stance). In this study a novel approach to the automatic assessment of the time in which the patient can remain in the one-leg stance position without loosing balance is introduced. The data is collected using a regular video camera...
August 3, 2017: Computerized Medical Imaging and Graphics: the Official Journal of the Computerized Medical Imaging Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797519/treatment-of-acute-myeloid-leukemia-in-the-next-decade-towards-real-time-functional-testing-and-personalized-medicine
#15
REVIEW
Stephen Sze-Yuen Lam, Alex Bai-Liang He, Anskar Yu-Hung Leung
Information arising from next generation sequencing of leukemia genome has shed important light on the heterogeneous and combinatorial driver events in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). It has also provided insight into its intricate signaling pathways operative in the disease pathogenesis. These have also become biomarkers and targets for therapeutic intervention. Emerging evidence from in vitro drug screening has demonstrated its potential value in predicting clinical drug responses in specific AML subtypes. However, the best culture conditions and readouts have yet to be standardized and the drugs included in these screening exercises frequently revised in view of the rapid emergence of new therapeutic agents in the oncology field...
August 4, 2017: Blood Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741094/systolic-function-of-right-ventricular-outflow-tract-is-a-better-predictor-to-exercise-performance-after-pulmonary-valve-replacement-in-tetralogy-of-fallot
#16
Jianhua Li, Shuhua Luo, Fei Liu, Qi An
Debate on the proper timing of pulmonary valve replacement (PVR) after repair of tetralogy of Fallot is still continuing. We aim to clarify how the different components of right ventricle (RV) changed with relieved volume overload in the remodeling process after pulmonary valve replacement and gain a clear idea of the relationship between different right ventricle components function and exercise capacity after PVR in these patients. The medical records and results of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging and cardiopulmonary exercise testing of 25 consecutive eligible patients were reviewed...
July 24, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733378/is-it-time-to-change-the-type-2-diabetes-treatment-paradigm-no-metformin-should-remain-the-foundation-therapy-for-type-2-diabetes
#17
Silvio E Inzucchi
Most treatment guidelines, including those from the American Diabetes Association/European Association for the Study of Diabetes and the International Diabetes Federation, suggest metformin be used as the first-line therapy after diet and exercise. This recommendation is based on the considerable body of evidence that has accumulated over the last 30 years, but it is also supported on clinical grounds based on metformin's affordability and tolerability. As such, metformin is the most commonly used oral antihyperglycemic agent in the U...
August 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733377/is-it-time-to-change-the-type-2-diabetes-treatment-paradigm-yes-glp-1-ras-should-replace-metformin-in-the-type-2-diabetes-algorithm
#18
Muhammad Abdul-Ghani, Ralph A DeFronzo
Most treatment guidelines, including those from the American Diabetes Association/European Association for the Study of Diabetes and the International Diabetes Federation, suggest metformin be used as the first-line therapy after diet and exercise. This recommendation is based on the considerable body of evidence that has accumulated over the last 30 years, but it is also supported on clinical grounds based on metformin's affordability and tolerability. As such, metformin is the most commonly used oral antihyperglycemic agent in the U...
August 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732830/impact-of-laba-lama-combination-on-exercise-endurance-and-lung-hyperinflation-in-copd-a-pair-wise-and-network-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Luigino Calzetta, Josuel Ora, Francesco Cavalli, Paola Rogliani, Denis E O'Donnell, Mario Cazzola
BACKGROUND: The ability to exercise is an important clinical outcome in COPD, and the improvement in exercise capacity is recognized to be an important goal in the management of COPD. Therefore, since the current interest in the use of bronchodilators in COPD is gradually shifting towards the dual bronchodilation, we carried out a meta-analysis to evaluate the impact of LABA/LAMA combination on exercise capacity and lung hyperinflation in COPD. METHODS: RCTs were identified after a search in different databases of published and unpublished trials...
August 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715880/effects-of-acute-high-intensity-resistance-exercise-on-cognitive-function-and-oxygenation-in-prefrontal-cortex
#20
Hyukki Chang, Kyungae Kim, Yu-Jin Jung, Morimasa Kato
PURPOSE: Moderate-intensity exercise is known to be the best effective intensity to enhance cognitive function, including memory and learning. However, the effects of high-intensity exercise in comparison with moderate- intensity exercise on cognitive function remain controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of high-intensity resistance exercise on cognitive function. METHODS: Thirty-six healthy female college students volunteered to participate in this study...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
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