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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445854/balance-training-in-individuals-with-parkinson-s-disease-therapist-supervised-vs-home-based-exercise-programme
#1
Elizabeth Maria Atterbury, Karen Estelle Welman
BACKGROUND: Poor locomotion and balance in Parkinson's disease (PD) often diminishes independence. Accordingly, gait is considered one of the most relevant rehabilitation outcomes, and home-based balance exercises might be a viable mode of exercise delivery for individuals with PD. However, research on PD interventions rarely indicate best practices to deliver exercises. Therefore, this study endeavoured to compare the efficacy of a home-based and therapist-supervised balance programme on gait parameters, dynamic balance, balance confidence and motivation in individuals diagnosed with PD...
April 4, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439376/-back-to-bedside-residents-and-fellows-perspectives-on-finding-meaning-in-work
#2
Dustin M Hipp, Kristy L Rialon, Kathryn Nevel, Anai N Kothari, Lcdr Dinchen A Jardine
BACKGROUND: Physician burnout is common and associated with significant consequences for physicians and patients. One mechanism to combat burnout is to enhance meaning in work. OBJECTIVE: To provide a trainee perspective on how meaning in work can be enhanced in the clinical learning environment through individual, program, and institutional efforts. METHODS: "Back to Bedside" resulted from an appreciative inquiry exercise by 37 resident and fellow members of the ACGME's Council of Review Committee Residents (CRCR), which was guided by the memoir When Breath Becomes Air by Paul Kalanithi...
April 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432077/aerobic-exercise-promotes-executive-functions-and-impacts-functional-neural-activity-among-older-adults-with-vascular-cognitive-impairment
#3
Chun Liang Hsu, John R Best, Jennifer C Davis, Lindsay S Nagamatsu, Shirley Wang, Lara A Boyd, Gy Robin Hsiung, Michelle W Voss, Janice Jennifer Eng, Teresa Liu-Ambrose
BACKGROUND: Vascular cognitive impairment (VCI) results from cerebrovascular disease, and worldwide, it is the second most common type of cognitive dysfunction. While targeted aerobic training is a promising approach to delay the progression of VCI by reducing cardiometabolic risk factors, few randomised controlled trials to date have specifically assessed the efficacy of aerobic training on cognitive and brain outcomes in this group at risk for functional decline. AIM: To examine the effect of moderate-intensity aerobic training on executive functions and functional neural activity among older adults with mild subcortical ischaemic VCI (SIVCI)...
April 21, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426515/can-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-improve-muscle-power-in-individuals-with-advanced-resistance-training-experience
#4
Eduardo Lattari, Carlos Campos, Murilo Khede Lamego, Sandro Legey Passos de Souza, Geraldo M Neto, Nuno B Rocha, Aldair José de Oliveira, Sandro Carpenter, Sérgio Machado
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on countermovement jump performance (CMJ) in men with advanced strength training experience. Ten healthy male subjects, with advanced strength training and squatting exercise experience, were included. Participants took part in an initial visit to the laboratory to complete anthropometric measurements and CMJ kinematic test-retest reliability. Participants then completed three experimental conditions, 48-72 hours apart, in a randomized, double-blinded crossover design: anodal, cathodal and sham tDCS (2 mA for 20 minutes targeting the motor cortex bilaterally)...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424898/patient-experiences-of-swallowing-exercises-after-head-and-neck-cancer-a-qualitative-study-examining-barriers-and-facilitators-using-behaviour-change-theory
#5
Roganie Govender, Caroline E Wood, Stuart A Taylor, Christina H Smith, Helen Barratt, Benjamin Gardner
Poor patient adherence to swallowing exercises is commonly reported in the dysphagia literature on patients treated for head and neck cancer. Establishing the effectiveness of exercise interventions for this population may be undermined by patient non-adherence. The purpose of this study was to explore the barriers and facilitators to exercise adherence from a patient perspective, and to determine the best strategies to reduce the barriers and enhance the facilitators. In-depth interviews were conducted on thirteen patients...
April 19, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424267/using-a-novel-data-resource-to-explore-heart-rate-during-mountain-and-road-running
#6
Andrew Best, Barry Braun
Online, accessible performance and heart rate data from running competitions are posted publicly or semi-publicly to social media. We tested the efficacy of one such data resource- Strava- as a tool in exercise physiology investigations by exploring heart rate differences in mountain racing and road racing running events. Heart rate and GPS pace data were gathered from Strava activities posted by 111 males aged 21-49, from two mountain races (Mt. Washington Road Race and Pike's Peak Ascent) and two road race distances (half marathon and marathon)...
April 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413223/chiropractic-management-of-a-geriatric-patient-with-idiopathic-neuralgic-amyotrophy-a-case-report
#7
Jordan Gliedt, Justin M Goehl, Derek P Smith, Clinton J Daniels
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper is to describe chiropractic management of a patient with neuralgic amyotrophy (NA) and to provide discussion regarding presentation, differential diagnosis, management and prognosis of idiopathic NA. CASE PRESENTATION: An 85 year old Caucasian male presented to a chiropractic clinic with right periscapular and lateral rib cage pain. The patient had previously sought evaluation and treatment from multiple health care providers and underwent multiple interventions without relief...
March 2017: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409512/immediate-effects-of-different-types-of-stretching-exercises-on-badminton-jump-smash
#8
Hwi S Jang, Daeho Kim, Jihong Park
BACKGOUND: Since different types of stretching exercises may alter athletic performance, we compared the effects of three types of stretching exercises on badminton jump smash. METHODS: Sixteen male collegiate badminton players performed one of three different stretching exercises in a counterbalanced order on different days. Static stretching had seven typical stretches, while dynamic stretching involved nine dynamic movements, and resistance dynamic stretching was performed with weighted vests and dumbbells...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404610/hand-exercises-for-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-an-extended-follow-up-of-the-sarah-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Esther Williamson, Christopher McConkey, Peter Heine, Sukhdeep Dosanjh, Mark Williams, Sarah E Lamb
OBJECTIVES: The Stretching And strengthening for Rheumatoid Arthritis of the Hand (SARAH) randomised controlled trial evaluated the effectiveness of a hand exercise programme and demonstrated it was clinically effective and cost-effective at 12 months. The aim of this extended follow-up was to evaluate the effects of the SARAH programme beyond 12 months. METHODS: Using postal questionnaires, we collected the Michigan Hand Questionnaire hand function (primary outcome), activities of daily living and work subscales, pain troublesomeness, self-efficacy and health-related quality of life...
April 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402017/asthma-education-for-school-staff
#10
REVIEW
Kayleigh M Kew, Robin Carr, Tim Donovan, Morris Gordon
BACKGROUND: Teachers and school staff should be competent in managing asthma in schools. Demonstrated low levels of asthma knowledge mean that staff may not know how best to protect a child with asthma in their care, or may fail to take appropriate action in the event of a serious attack. Education about asthma could help to improve this knowledge and lead to better asthma outcomes for children. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and safety of asthma education programmes for school staff, and to identify content and attributes underpinning them...
April 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400355/mobile-phone-delivered-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-insomnia-a-randomized-waitlist-controlled-trial
#11
Corine Hg Horsch, Jaap Lancee, Fiemke Griffioen-Both, Sandor Spruit, Siska Fitrianie, Mark A Neerincx, Robbert Jan Beun, Willem-Paul Brinkman
BACKGROUND: This study is one of the first randomized controlled trials investigating cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) delivered by a fully automated mobile phone app. Such an app can potentially increase the accessibility of insomnia treatment for the 10% of people who have insomnia. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to investigate the efficacy of CBT-I delivered via the Sleepcare mobile phone app, compared with a waitlist control group, in a randomized controlled trial...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393541/racial-differences-in-hemoglobin-and-plasma-volume-variation-implications-for-muscle-performance-and-recovery
#12
Maha Sellami, Karim Chamari, Alessandro Moura Zagatto, Wiem Kebsi, Anis Chaouachi, Hassane Zouhal
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of race differences on sprint performance, Hemoglobin (Hb), Hematocrit (Ht) and plasma volume (PV) variation in response to repeated sprint exercise. DESIGN: Thirty-six healthy, moderately trained men and women (20.8 ± 0.2 year-old) volunteered to participate in this study. They were allocated to one of the four groups according to their gender and race: Black men's group (BM, n = 9), White men's group (WM, n = 9), Black women's group (BW, n = 9) and White women's group (WW, n = 9)...
April 10, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388831/estrogen-signaling-is-necessary-for-exercise-mediated-enhancement-of-motoneuron-participation-in-axon-regeneration-after-peripheral-nerve-injury-in-mice
#13
Melina C Acosta, Patricia A Copley, Jamie R Harrell, Jennifer C Wilhelm
Thousands of people each year suffer from peripheral nerve injury. Treatment options are limited, and recovery is often incomplete. Treadmill exercise can enhance nerve regeneration; however, this appears to occur in a sex-dependent manner. Females respond best to short duration, high speed interval training; whereas, males respond best to slower, continuous training. Previous studies have shown a role for testosterone in this process, but the role of estrogen is unknown. To evaluate the role of estrogen signaling in treadmill exercise, we blocked estrogen receptor (ER) signaling during treadmill exercise in males and female wild type mice...
April 7, 2017: Developmental Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386651/exercise-for-multimorbid-patients-in-primary-care-one-prescription-for-all
#14
Philipe de Souto Barreto
The purpose of this article was to discuss guidelines for the management of the most prevalent chronic diseases treated by primary care physicians (PCPs) in order to identify the best exercise regimen for each clinical population, and to provide preliminary guidance for primary care providers on exercise counselling in the 'real-world' context of multimorbidity. After a search of the PubMed electronic database, the 11 most prevalent conditions currently treated by PCPs were identified. The recommendations provided by recognised learned/scientific societies for the management of each disease were then examined and any recommendations involving physical activity and exercise were identified...
April 6, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385338/strength-of-knee-flexors-of-the-paretic-limb-as-an-important-determinant-of-functional-status-in-post-stroke-rehabilitation
#15
Joanna Kostka, Jan Czernicki, Magdalena Pruszyńska, Elżbieta Miller
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to assess the effectiveness of the multi-modal exercise program (MMEP) in patients after stroke, and to identify muscles that are the best predictors of functional performance and changes in functional status in a 3-week rehabilitation program. METHODS: Thirty-one post-stroke patients (60.6±12.7 years) participating in a 3-week MMEP took part in the study. Measurements of extensor and flexor strength of the knee (Fext, Fflex) were done...
March 30, 2017: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385173/novel-augmentation-strategies-in-major-depression
#16
Klaus Martiny
Hypothesis The hypotheses of all the four included studies share the common idea that it is possible to augment the effect of antidepressant drug treatment by applying different interventions and with each intervention attain a clinically meaningful better effect compared to a control condition, and with minor side effects, thus improving the short- and medium-term outcome in major depression. Procedures Study design The basic study design has been the double blind randomised controlled trial (RCT). In the light therapy study, all patients were treated with sertraline for the whole of the study duration...
April 2017: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380158/leadership-practices-in-hospital-nursing-a-self-of-manager-nurses
#17
Vânea Lúcia Dos Santos Silva, Silvia Helena Henriques Camelo, Mirelle Inácio Soares, Zélia Marilda Rodrigues Resck, Lucieli Dias Pedreschi Chaves, Fabiana Cristina Dos Santos, Laura Andrian Leal
OBJECTIVE: To assess the frequency of the leadership practices performed by the manager nurses of hospital institutions and their association with the variables of the socioprofessional profile. METHOD: Cross-sectional, descriptive, correlational study conducted in four hospitals in a city of the state of São Paulo. A sociodemographic questionnaire and the instrument Leadership Practices Inventory were used. Data collection and analysis were based on an exemplary Leadership Practices Model...
April 3, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365828/health-integrity-and-doping-in-sports-for-children-and-young-adults-a-resolution-of-the-european-academy-of-paediatrics
#18
Francis P Crawley, Peter Hoyer, Artur Mazur, Liesbeth Siderius, Stefan Grosek, Tom Stiris, David Neubauer
The European Academy of Paediatrics (EAP) is dedicated to promoting healthy lifestyles for children from birth into young adulthood. Physical exercise and leisure are essential to the development of healthy bodies, strong minds, and social skills. All children, without regard to their physical or mental capacities, should be provided with the time, the leadership, the facilities, and the equipment needed to exercise through sports while enjoying playing, even competing, in an environment appropriate to their capacities and aspirations...
April 1, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360026/experiences-of-older-adults-with-mobile-phone-text-messaging-as-reminders-of-home-exercises-after-specialized-manual-therapy-for-recurrent-low-back-pain-a-qualitative-study
#19
Stina Charlotta Lilje, Ewy Olander, Johan Berglund, Eva Skillgate, Peter Anderberg
BACKGROUND: Clinical experience of manual therapy for musculoskeletal pain is that patients often suffer from recurrent pain and disorders, but that they do not continue to perform their physical home exercises when they are free from symptoms. The chance of positive long-term effects of manual therapy would probably increase if patients were reminded that they are to continue to perform their exercises. Mobile phone text messaging (short messaging service, SMS) is increasingly used as an innovative intervention to remind patient to exercise...
March 30, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349034/repeated-sprint-ability-is-not-enhanced-by-caffeine-arginine-and-branched-chain-amino-acids-in-moderately-trained-soccer-players
#20
Andrea Ermolao, Tobia Zanotto, Nicolò Carraro, Tommaso Fornasier, Marco Zaccaria, Daniel Neunhaeuserer, Marco Bergamin
The aim was to investigate the effect of a dietary supplementation on the repeated sprint ability (RSA) performance in recreationally trained team sports athletes. Twelve young men underwent a RSA exercise protocol in five trials, in which participants ingested carbohydrates (CHO) plus caffeine (Caf), CHO plus arginine (Arg), CHO plus branched-chain amino acids (BCAA), CHO plus Caf, Arg, and BCAA (ALL), and CHO only. Heart rate, oxygen saturation, hematic lactate, ratings of perceived exertion, average sprint time, total time, best sprint time, peak power, and average power were taken...
February 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
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