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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441440/correction-relationships-between-mucosal-antibodies-non-typeable-haemophilus-influenzae-nthi-infection-and-airway-inflammation-in-copd
#1
Karl J Staples, Stephen Taylor, Steve Thomas, Stephanie Leung, Karen Cox, Thierry G Pascal, Kristoffer Ostridge, Lindsay Welch, Andrew C Tuck, Stuart C Clarke, Andrew Gorringe, Tom M A Wilkinson
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0167250.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441349/correction-chon-kit-chou-et-al-the-regulations-of-deubiquitinase-usp15-and-its-pathophysiological-mechanisms-in-diseases-int-j-mol-sci-2017-18-483
#2
Chon-Kit Chou, Yu-Ting Chang, Michal Korinek, Yei-Tsung Chen, Ya-Ting Yang, Steve Leu, I-Ling Lin, Chin-Ju Tang, Chien-Chih Chiu
n/a.
April 25, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440926/sources-and-dispersive-modes-of-micro-fibers-in-the-environment
#3
Steve A Carr
Understanding the sources and distribution of microfibers (MFs) in the environment is critical if control and remediation measures are to be effective. Microfibers comprise an overwhelming fraction (>85%) of microplastic debris found on shorelines around the world. Although primary sources have not been fully vetted, until recently it was widely believed that domestic laundry discharges were the major source. It was also thought that synthetic fibers and particles having dimensions <5 mm easily bypassed filtration and other solid separation processes at wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) and entered oceans and surface waters...
May 2017: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440629/relevant-features-of-a-triethylene-glycol-dimethyl-ether-based-electrolyte-for-application-in-lithium-battery
#4
Lorenzo Carbone, Daniele Di Lecce, Mallory Gobet, Stephen Munoz, Matthew Devany, Steve Greenbaum, Jusef Hassoun
Triethylene glycol dimethyl ether (TREGDME) dissolving lithium trifluoromethane sulfonate (LiCF3SO3) is studied as a suitable electrolyte medium for lithium battery. Thermal and rheological characteristics, transport properties of the dissolved species, and the electrochemical behavior in lithium cell represent the most relevant investigated properties of the new electrolyte. The self-diffusion coefficients, the lithium transference numbers, the ionic conductivity, and the ion association degree of the solution are determined by pulse field gradient nuclear magnetic resonance and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy...
April 25, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440084/prevalence-and-co-occurrence-of-addictive-behaviors-among-russian-and-spanish-youth
#5
Jennifer Tsai, Jimi Huh, Bulat Idrisov, Artur Galimov, Jose P Espada, María T Gonzálvez, Steve Sussman
Recently, an addiction matrix measure was assessed among U.S. former alternative high school youth. This presentation seeks to examine the generalizability of findings using this measure among Russian and Spanish high school adolescents. Latent class analysis was used to explore addiction subgroups among adolescents in Russia (average age = 16.27; n = 715) and Spain (average age = 14.9; n = 811). Last 30-day prevalence of one or more of 11 addictions reviewed in the previous work was the primary focus (i...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Drug Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439228/from-engrams-to-pathologies-of-the-brain
#6
REVIEW
Christine A Denny, Evan Lebois, Steve Ramirez
Memories are the experiential threads that tie our past to the present. The biological realization of a memory is termed an engram-the enduring biochemical and physiological processes that enable learning and retrieval. The past decade has witnessed an explosion of engram research that suggests we are closing in on boundary conditions for what qualifies as the physical manifestation of memory. In this review, we provide a brief history of engram research, followed by an overview of the many rodent models available to probe memory with intersectional strategies that have yielded unprecedented spatial and temporal resolution over defined sets of cells...
2017: Frontiers in Neural Circuits
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439038/pseudomonas-aeruginosa-derived-rhamnolipids-and-other-detergents-modulate-colony-morphotype-and-motility-in-the-burkholderia-cepacia-complex
#7
Steve P Bernier, Courtney Hum, Xiang Li, George A O'Toole, Nathan Magarvey, Michael G Surette
Competitive interactions mediated by released chemicals (e.g. toxins) are prominent in multispecies communities, but their effect at subinhibitory concentrations on susceptible bacteria is poorly understood. Although Pseudomonas aeruginosa and species of the Burkholderia cepacia complex (Bcc) can exist together as a co-infection in cystic fibrosis airways, P. aeruginosa toxins can kill Bcc species in vitro Consequently, these bacteria become an ideal in vitro model system to study the impact of sublethal levels of toxins on the biology of typical susceptible bacteria such as the Bcc when exposed to P...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Bacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438773/mechanical-cpr-in-a-child-can-one-size-fit-all
#8
Leah Sugarman, David Hedley, Steve Crowe
This case report describes the successful resuscitation of an 11-year-old boy who suffered out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) using mechanical cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) by adapting the Lund University Cardiopulmonary Assist System (LUCAS)(2) Device by rolling a blanket under the patient's back to increase his chest height, thus allowing the LUCAS device to administer compliant CPR.
April 24, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438702/global-phylogeny-and-biogeography-of-the-fern-genus-ctenitis-dryopteridaceae-with-a-focus-on-the-indian-ocean-region
#9
Sabine Hennequin, Germinal Rouhan, Alexandre Salino, Yi-Fan Duan, Marie-Capucine Lepeigneux, Marguerite Guillou, Steve Ansell, Thaís Elias Almeida, Li-Bing Zhang, Harald Schneider
The diverse and pantropical genus Ctenitis, in the Dryopteridaceae, has been largely ignored in phylogenetic studies until now. In this study, we fill in this gap by reconstructing the first comprehensive phylogeny of the genus including 53 species currently recognized in the genus Ctenitis, among which seven species formerly were assigned to the genus Pseudotectaria and one to Heterogonium. Special emphasis was given to the sampling of species occurring in the African-Indian Ocean region. The presented results include reconstruction of a biogeographic scenario based on estimated divergence times and ancestral area reconstruction...
April 21, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437402/don-t-pass-the-weed-or-say-guns
#10
Steve Mirsky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 14, 2017: Scientific American
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436731/fatal-and-serious-collisions-involving-pedal-cyclists-and-trucks-in-london-between-2007-and-2011
#11
Rachel Talbot, Steve Reed, Nicola Christie, Jo Barnes, Pete Thomas
OBJECTIVE: Increased numbers of people riding pedal cycles has led to a greater focus on pedal cycle safety. The aim of this paper is to explore factors that are associated with fatal and a small number of serious injury pedal cyclist crashes involving trucks that occurred in London between 2007 and 2011. METHODS: Data were collected from police collision files for 53 crashes, 27 of which involved a truck (≥3.5 tonnes) and a pedal cycle. A systematic case review approach was used to identify the infrastructure, vehicle road user and management factors that contributed to these crashes and injuries and how these factors interacted...
February 8, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436227/it-takes-two-to-tango-double-layer-selective-contacts-in-perovskite-solar-cells-for-improved-device-performance-and-reduced-hysteresis
#12
Lukas Kegelmann, Christian M Wolff, Celline Awino Omondi, Felix Lang, Eva Lisa Unger, Lars Korte, Thomas Dittrich, Dieter Neher, Bernd Rech, Steve Albrecht
Solar cells made from inorganic-organic perovskites gradually approach market requirements as efficiency and stability improved tremendously in recent years. Planar low-temperature processed perovskite solar cells are advantageous for a possible large-scale production but are more prone to exhibit photocurrent hysteresis, especially in the regular n-i-p structure. Here, a systematic characterization of different electron selective contacts with a variety of chemical and electrical properties in planar n-i-p devices processed below 180 °C is presented...
April 24, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435997/assessment-of-organic-pollution-of-an-industrial-river-by-synchronous-fluorescence-and-uv-vis-spectroscopy-the-fensch-river-ne-france
#13
Aziz Assaad, Steve Pontvianne, Marie-Noëlle Pons
To rapidly monitor the surface water quality in terms of organic pollution of an industrial river undergoing restoration, optical methods (UV-visible spectrometry and fluorescence) were applied in parallel to classical physical-chemical analyses. UV-visible spectra were analyzed using the maximum of the second derivative at 225 nm (related to nitrates), specific absorbance at 254 nm (SUVA254), and the spectral slope between 275 and 295 nm (S 275-295) (related to the aromaticity and molecular weight of dissolved organic carbon)...
May 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434870/maternal-socioeconomic-disadvantage-is-associated-with-transcriptional-indications-of-greater-immune-activation-and-slower-tissue-maturation-in-placental-biopsies-and-newborn-cord-blood
#14
Gregory E Miller, Ann E Borders, Amy H Crockett, Kharah M Ross, Sameen Qadir, Lauren Keenan-Devlin, Adam K Leigh, Paula Ham, Jeffrey Ma, Jesusa M G Arevalo, Linda M Ernst, Steve W Cole
Children from economically disadvantaged families experience worse cognitive, psychiatric, and medical outcomes compared to more affluent youth. Preclinical models suggest some of the adverse influence of disadvantage could be transmitted during gestation via maternal immune activation, but this hypothesis has not been tested in humans. It also remains unclear whether prenatal interventions can mitigate such effects. To fill these gaps, we conducted two studies. Study 1 characterized the socioeconomic conditions of 79 women during pregnancy...
April 20, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434184/complex-problems-and-unchallenged-solutions-bringing-ecosystem-governance-to-the-forefront-of-the-un-sustainable-development-goals
#15
Liette Vasseur, Darwin Horning, Mary Thornbush, Emmanuelle Cohen-Shacham, Angela Andrade, Ed Barrow, Steve R Edwards, Piet Wit, Mike Jones
Sustainable development aims at addressing economic, social, and environmental concerns, but the current lack of responsive environmental governance hinders progress. Short-term economic development has led to limited actions, unsustainable resource management, and degraded ecosystems. The UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) may continue to fall short of achieving significant progress without a better understanding of how ecosystems contribute to achieving sustainability for all people. Ecosystem governance is an approach that integrates the social and ecological components for improved sustainability and includes principles such as adaptive ecosystem co-management, subsidiarity, and telecoupling framework, as well as principles of democracy and accountability...
April 22, 2017: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433529/antimicrobial-peptides-within-the-yellowtail-kingfish-seriola-lalandi
#16
Simon Muncaster, Kirsty Kraakman, Olivia Gibbons, Koen Mensink, Maria Forlenza, Gregory Jacobson, Steve Bird
A number of Seriola species are currently farmed or being investigated as future aquaculture species in countries around the world. However they face a number of issues and limitations which will need to be overcome to ensure future stability and growth, one of which are disease outbreaks. Despite this, very little has been done to understand the immune system of Seriola species and very few immune genes have been characterised. Antimicrobial peptides (AMP) are naturally occurring low molecular weight polypeptides that play a major role in an organism's immune system and act effectively as a first line of defence...
April 19, 2017: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433454/a-randomized-comparison-of-three-chest-compression-techniques-and-associated-hemodynamic-effect-during-infant-cpr-a-randomized-manikin-study
#17
Jacek Smereka, Lukasz Szarpak, Antonio Rodríguez-Núñez, Jerzy R Ladny, Steve Leung, Kurt Ruetzler
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric cardiac arrest is an uncommon but critical life-threatening event requiring effective cardiopulmonary resuscitation. High-quality cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is essential, but is poorly performed, even by highly skilled healthcare providers. The recently described two-thumb chest compression technique (nTTT) consists of the two thumbs directed at the angle of 90° to the chest while having the fingers fist-clenched. This technique might facilitate adequate chest-compression depth, chest-compression rate and rate of full chest-pressure relief...
April 14, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433326/status-of-the-development-of-a-vaccine-against-mycoplasma-bovis
#18
REVIEW
Jose Perez-Casal, Tracy Prysliak, Teresa Maina, Muhammad Suleman, Steve Jimbo
Mycoplasma bovis is an important pathogen of cattle and, despite numerous efforts an effective vaccine for control of the disease it causes remains elusive. Although we now know more about the biology of this pathogen, information is lacking about appropriate protective antigens, the type of immune response that confers protection and adjuvants selection. The use of conserved recombinant proteins, selected using in silico approaches, as components of a vaccine may be a better choice over bacterin-based vaccines due to the limited protection afforded by them and adverse reactions caused by them...
April 19, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432532/a-portable-battery-powered-microfluidic-impedance-cytometer-with-smartphone-readout-towards-personal-health-monitoring
#19
Niloy Talukder, Abbas Furniturewalla, Tuan Le, Matthew Chan, Shreyas Hirday, Xinnan Cao, Pengfei Xie, Zhongtian Lin, Azam Gholizadeh, Steve Orbine, Mehdi Javanmard
We present a portable system for personalized blood cell counting consisting of a microfluidic impedance cytometer and portable analog readout electronics, feeding into an analog-to-digital converter (ADC), and being transmitted via Bluetooth to a user-accessible mobile application. We fabricated a microfluidic impedance cytometer with a novel portable analog readout. The novel design of the analog readout, which consists of a lock-in-amplifier followed by a high-pass filter stage for subtraction of drift and DC offset, and a post-subtraction high gain stage, enables detection of particles and cells as small as 1 μm in diameter, despite using a low-end 8-bit ADC...
June 2017: Biomedical Microdevices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432506/elective-colectomy-for-diverticulitis-in-transplant-patients-is-it-worth-the-risk
#20
Janet T Lee, Steve Skube, Genevieve B Melton, Mary R Kwaan, Christine C Jensen, Robert D Madoff, Wolfgang B Gaertner
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine morbidity and mortality for transplant patients undergoing elective colectomy for diverticulitis and determine the impact of recurrent diverticulitis on postoperative complications. METHODS: We identified transplant recipients that underwent elective colectomy for diverticulitis between 2000 and 2015 at a tertiary care institution. Patient and procedure variables, postoperative complications, length of stay, 30-day readmission, and mortality were identified through retrospective chart review...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
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