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Infrared Imaging

Wen Liu, Yalun Wang, Xiao Han, Ping Lu, Liang Zhu, Chaowei Sun, Jun Qian, Sailing He
Near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence is very important for high-contrast biological imaging of high-scattering tissues such as brain tissue. Unfortunately, commercial NIR dyes are excited usually by visible light, and their multi-photon absorption (MPA) cross-sections are small. Here, we design new co-encapsulated NIR nanoparticles (NPs) with a large three-photon (3PA) absorption cross-section. A form of aggregation-induced emission (AIE) luminogen (AIEgen), 2,3-bis(4'-(diphenylamino)-[1,1'-biphenyl]-4-yl) fumaronitrile (TPATCN), is introduced as the donor, and a form of NIR dye, silicon 2,3-naphthalocyanine bis-(trihexylsilyloxide) (NIR775), is adopted as the acceptor...
May 18, 2018: Nanoscale
Sohrab Arora, Craig Rogers
Nephron-sparing surgery, especially through a minimally invasive approach, is increasingly being performed for incidentally detected renal masses with excellent outcomes. Tumors in central location remain a surgical challenge during nephron-sparing surgery. In this chapter, we discuss the minimally invasive management of these tumors, which include complex hilar tumors and endophytic central tumors, with a focus on surgical technique. The key to management of these tumors is to maintain good preoperative hydration, achieving adequate exposure of tumor, and the use of intraoperative ultrasound to plan the resection plane...
May 2018: Journal of Endourology
Cheong A Choi, Jung Eun Lee, Zihnil Adha Islamy Mazrad, Young Kwang Kim, Insik In, Ji Hoon Jeong, Sung Young Park
We described fluorescence resonance energy transfer for pH/redox-activatable fluorescent carbon dot (FNP) to realize "off-on" switched imaging-guided controllable photothermal therapy (PTT). The FNP is a carbonized self-crosslinked polymer that allows IR825 loading (FNP[IR825]) via hydrophobic interactions in cancer therapy. The capability for fluorescence bioimaging was achieved via the internalization of FNP(IR825) into tumor cells, wherein glutathione (GSH) disulfide bonds were reduced and benzoic imine were cleaved under acidic conditions...
May 18, 2018: ChemMedChem
Duyang Gao, Yubin Liu, Yating Wang, Zhen Yuan
Background: Construction of nanoprobes for dual-modal fluorescence/photoacoustic imaging (PAI) is of great importance for the detection of disease pathology and the development of innovative therapeutics. Previously ultra-small gold clusters were designed and used as contrast agents for fluorescence imaging (FLI). However, it is not clear whether they can also serve as promising probes for PAI. In this study, protein-modified ultra-small gold clusters are produced and examined quantitatively as enhanced contrast agents for dual-modal in vivo fluorescence and PAI...
April 2018: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
Mengmeng Sun, Jianwen Guo, Hanjun Hao, Tong Tong, Kun Wang, Weiping Gao
Near-infrared (NIR)-absorbing conjugated polymer nanoparticles are interesting for imaging-guided combination therapy, especially for synergistic photothermal therapy and chemotherapy; however, most of them target tumours passively through the enhanced permeability and retention (EPR) effect, leading to low utilization efficiency. To address this problem, we report an active tumour-targeting strategy of tumour-homing chimeric polypeptide-conjugated NIR-absorbing conjugated-polymer nanoparticles as a new class of drug nanocarriers for imaging-guided combination therapy of cancer...
2018: Theranostics
Santu Maity, Nira Parshi, Chandraday Prodhan, Keya Chaudhuri, Jhuma Ganguly
A three-dimensional fluorescent hydrogel based on chitosan, polyvinyl alcohol and 9-anthraldehyde (ChPA) has been successfully designed and synthesized for the selective detection and discrimination of Fe3+ and Fe2+ in aqueous environment. The unique characteristics of ChPA has been confirmed by the Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), rheological measurement, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), thermogravimetry and differential thermogravimetry (TG-DTG), ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy (UV-vis), fluorescence studies, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDX), x-ray diffraction (XRD) and dynamic light scattering (DLS)...
August 1, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
Yunzhi Zhang, Hui Xu, Leah B Casabianca
The interactions between small molecule drugs or dyes and nanoparticles are important to the use of nanoparticles in medicine. Noncovalent adsorption of dyes on nanoparticle surfaces is also important to the development of nanoparticle dual-use imaging contrast agents. In the present work, solution-state NMR is used to examine the noncovalent interaction between a near-infrared cyanine dye and the surface of polystyrene nanoparticles in solution. Using 1D proton NMR, we can approximate the number of dye molecules that associate with each nanoparticle for different sized nanoparticles...
May 17, 2018: Magnetic Resonance in Chemistry: MRC
Tung Nguyen Thanh Uong, Kyung-Hwa Lee, Sung-Ja Ahn, Kyung Won Kim, Jung-Joon Min, Hoon Hyun, Mee Sun Yoon
Introduction: Ex vivo -expanded natural killer (NK) cells are a potential candidate for cancer immunotherapy based on high cytotoxicity against malignant tumor cells. However, a limited understanding of the migration of activated NK cells toward solid tumors is a critical dilemma in the development of effective and adoptive NK cell-based immunotherapy. Methods: Ex vivo -expanded NK cells from healthy donors were stained with near-infrared fluorophores at different concentrations...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Claus Kuepper, Angela Kallenbach-Thieltges, Hendrik Juette, Andrea Tannapfel, Frederik Großerueschkamp, Klaus Gerwert
A feasibility study using a quantum cascade laser-based infrared microscope for the rapid and label-free classification of colorectal cancer tissues is presented. Infrared imaging is a reliable, robust, automated, and operator-independent tissue classification method that has been used for differential classification of tissue thin sections identifying tumorous regions. However, long acquisition time by the so far used FT-IR-based microscopes hampered the clinical translation of this technique. Here, the used quantum cascade laser-based microscope provides now infrared images for precise tissue classification within few minutes...
May 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
Arjun Prasad Tiwari, Mahesh Kumar Joshi, Chan Hee Park, Cheol Sang Kim
Enhancing the biocompatibility profiles including cell attachment, growth, and viability and mechanical properties of designed synthetic scaffolds have an essential role in tissue engineering applications. Polymer blending is one of the most effective methods for providing new anticipated biomaterials for tissue scaffolds. Here, the blend solution of the different mass weight ratio of polycaprolactone (PCL) to human serum albumin (HSA) was subjected to fabricate nanocomposite spider-web-like membranes using electrospinning process...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
R Dhanalakshmi, K Diwakar, P Rajkumar, R Subadevi, Wei-Ren Liu, M Sivakumar
In this study, we first focus on effects of PVA surfactant on Li2Fe0.5Mn0.5SiO4/C by using X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, micro Raman analysis, scanning electron microscope, transmission electron microscope and magnetization measurements. XRD result reveals the formation of new phase (Li2Fe0.5Mn0.5SiO4/C), as a result of embedded carbon, intensity of the peaks was also suppressed. Intensity domination of G-band in micro Raman analysis affirmed that the establishment of graphene formation which was yielded from decomposition of organic materials of both PVA and acetate...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Sang-Chul Byun, Soo-Jin Park, Il Kim, Seok Kim
Graphene composites containing embedded manganese dioxide (MnO2) were fabricated by simple solvothermal method. 100 nm to 200 nm size of nanoparticles were anchored on reduced graphene oxide layers. The MnO2/RGO composite with optimized molar concentration of manganese precursors in fixed graphene oxide mass was showed the highest specific capacitance of 186 F/g at 1 A/g. In addition, cycle life performance of MnO2/RGO composite was improved by using graphene having high electrical conductivity as a substrate...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Astam K Patra, Biplab Banerjee, Asim Bhaumik
Semiconduction nanoparticles are intensively studied due to their huge potential in optoelctronic applications. Here we report an efficient chemical route for hydrothermal synthesis of aggregated mesoporous cadmium sulfide (CdS) nanoparticles using supramolecular-assembly of ionic and water soluble sodium salicylate as the capping agent. The nanostructure, mesophase, optical property and photoconductivity of these mesoporous CdS materials have been characterized by using small and wide angle powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), N2-sorption, Raman analysis, Fourier transformed infrared (FT-IR), UV-Visible DSR spectroscopy, and photoconductivity measurement...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Diane M Haiber, Peter A Crozier
In graphitic carbon nitrides, (photo)catalytic functionality is underpinned by the effect that residual hydrogen content, manifesting in amine (N-Hx ) defects, has on its optoelectronic properties. Therefore, a detailed understanding of the variation in the local structure of graphitic carbon nitrides is key for understanding structure-activity relationships. Here we apply aloof-beam vibrational electron energy-loss spectroscopy in the scanning transmission electron microscope (STEM) to locally detect variations in hydrogen content in two different layered carbon nitrides with nanometer resolution...
May 16, 2018: ACS Nano
Jixin Chen, Ye Li, Le Wang, Tianliang Zhou, Rong-Jun Xie
Semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) are promising luminescent materials for use in lighting, display and bio-imaging, and the color tuning is a necessity for such applications. In this work, we report tunable colors and deep-red or near infrared (NIR) emissions in Cu-In-S and Cu-In-S/ZnS QDs by incorporating Sn. These QDs (with a size of 5 nm) with varying Sn concentrations and/or Cu/In ratios were synthesized by a non-injection method, and characterized by a variety of analytical techniques (i.e., XRD, TEM, XPS, absorption, photoluminescence, decay time, etc...
May 16, 2018: Nanoscale
Xinggui Gu, Xiaoyan Zhang, Huili Ma, Shaorui Jia, Pengfei Zhang, Yanjun Zhao, Qian Liu, Jianguo Wang, Xiaoyan Zheng, Jacky W Y Lam, Dan Ding, Ben Zhong Tang
Fluorescent nanoparticles (NPs) based on luminogens with aggregation-induced emission characteristic (AIEgens), namely AIE dots, have received wide attention because of their antiquenching attitude in emission and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation when aggregated. However, few reports are available on how to control and optimize their fluorescence and ROS generation ability. Herein, it is reported that enhancing the intraparticle confined microenvironment is an effective approach to advanced AIE dots, permitting boosted cancer phototheranostics in vivo...
May 16, 2018: Advanced Materials
Mehrsima Ghavami-Lahiji, Melika Firouzmanesh, Hossein Bagheri, Tahereh S Jafarzadeh Kashi, Fateme Razazpour, Marjan Behroozibakhsh
Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the degree of conversion (DC) and mechanical properties of a microhybrid Filtek Z250 (3M ESPE) resin composite after aging. Method: The specimens were fabricated using circular molds to investigate Vickers microhardness (Vickers hardness number [VHN]) and DC, and were prepared according to ISO 4049 for flexural strength testing. The initial DC (%) of discs was recorded using attenuated total reflectance-Fourier transforming infrared spectroscopy...
May 2018: Restorative Dentistry & Endodontics
Stéphane Derruau, Yohann Renard, Hervé Pron, Redha Taiar, Ellie Abdi, Guillaume Polidori, Sandrine Lorimier
Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic, inflammatory, and recurrent skin disease. Surgical excision of wounds appears to be the only curative treatment for the prevention of recurrence of moderate to severe stages. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a standard reference examination for the detection of HS peri-anal inflammatory fistula. In this case study, the use of real-time medical infrared thermography, in combination with MRI as appropriate imaging, is proposed. The aim is to assist surgeons in the pre- and peri-surgical management of severe perianal hidradenitis suppurativa with the intent to ensure that all diseased lesions were removed during surgery and therefore to limit recurrence...
May 12, 2018: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
Xiang-Long Tang, Jun Wu, Ben-Lan Lin, Sheng Cui, Hong-Mei Liu, Ru-Tong Yu, Xiao-Dong Shen, Ting-Wei Wang, Wei Xia
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) has increasingly become an efficient and attractive cancer treatment modality based on reactive oxygen species (ROS) that can induce tumor death after irradiation with ultraviolet or visible light. Herein, to overcome the limited tissue penetration in traditional PDT, a novel near-infrared (NIR) light-activated NaScF4 : 40% Yb, 2% Er@CaF2 upconversion nanoparticle (rUCNP) is successfully designed and synthesized. Chlorin e6, a photosensitizer and a chelating agent for Mn2+ , is loaded into human serum albumin (HSA) that further conjugates onto rUCNPs...
May 12, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
Yukun Cheng, Ling Li, Fangfang Wei, Keith Man-Chung Wong
The synthesis and characterization of a platinum(II) terpyridine system tethered with a latent organic dye of rhodamine derivative as colorimetric and luminescent sensory moiety is reported to show selective Hg2+ ion sensing behavior. The interplay of aggregation/deaggregation behavior of the alkynylplatinum(II) terpyridine complex and the ring-opening process of rhodamine derivative was investigated. The spectral change of aggregation near-infrared emission at 800 nm and rhodamine fluorescence at 585 nm provides a possible ratiometric luminescence measurement...
May 15, 2018: Inorganic Chemistry
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