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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791261/a-systematic-review-of-grounded-theory-studies-in-physiotherapy
#1
Nancy Ali, Stephen May, Kate Grafton
AIM: This systematic review aimed at appraising the methodological rigor of grounded theory research published in the field of physiotherapy to assess how the methodology is understood and applied. A secondary aim was to provide research implications drawn from the findings to guide future grounded theory methodology (GTM) research. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted in MEDLINE, CINHAL, SPORT Discus, Science Direct, PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science to identify studies in the field of physiotherapy that reported using GTM and/or methods in the study title and/or abstract...
May 23, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789488/superhydrophobic-natural-and-artificial-surfaces-a-structural-approach
#2
REVIEW
Roxana-Elena Avrămescu, Mihaela Violeta Ghica, Cristina Dinu-Pîrvu, Răzvan Prisada, Lăcrămioara Popa
Since ancient times humans observed animal and plants features and tried to adapt them according to their own needs. Biomimetics represents the foundation of many inventions from various fields: From transportation devices (helicopter, airplane, submarine) and flying techniques, to sports' wear industry (swimming suits, scuba diving gear, Velcro closure system), bullet proof vests made from Kevlar etc. It is true that nature provides numerous noteworthy models (shark skin, spider web, lotus leaves), referring both to the plant and animal kingdom...
May 22, 2018: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787934/how-not-to-interpret-a-non-causal-association-in-sports-injury-science
#3
Mette Hjerrild, Solvej Videbaek, Daniel Theisen, Laurent Malisoux, Rasmus Oestergaard Nielsen
OBJECTIVE: To discuss the interpretability of non-causal associations to sports injury development exemplified via the relationship between navicular drop (ND) and running-related injury (RRI) in novice runners using neutral shoes. DESIGN: 1-year prospective cohort study. SETTING: Denmark. PARTICIPANTS: 926 novice runners, representing 1852 feet, were included. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: The outcome was "a musculoskeletal complaint of the lower extremity or back caused by running, which restricted the amount of running for at least a week"...
May 16, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786469/estimation-versus-falsification-approaches-in-sport-and-exercise-science
#4
Michael Wilkinson, Edward M Winter
There has been a recent resurgence in debate about methods for statistical inference in science. The debate addresses statistical concepts and their impact on the value and meaning of analyses' outcomes. In contrast, philosophical underpinnings of approaches and the extent to which analytical tools match philosophical goals of the scientific method have received less attention. This short piece considers application of the scientific method to "what-is-the-influence-of x-on-y" type questions characteristic of sport and exercise science...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782309/in-memoriam-assistant-professor-kre%C3%A5-imir-kostovi%C3%A4-md-phd-16-october-1969-15-october-2017
#5
Branka Marinović
On a Sunday afternoon almost six months ago, we were deeply moved by the news that our Krešimir is no longer with us. The sad news spread from Sarajevo with the speed only most horrible and saddest news can achieve. And everybody who was reached by these news wondered whether it was possible and whether it was true. Because our professor Kostović left us a day before his 48th birthday. Krešimir Kostović was born on the 16th October 1969 in Zagreb, where he completed primary and secondary education. He enrolled at the University of Zagreb School of Medicine in 1988, and got his medical degree in 1995...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780889/how-to-conceptualize-and-implement-a-phd-program-in-health-sciences-the-basel-approach
#6
Franziska Keller, Suzanne Dhaini, Matthias Briel, Sina Henrichs, Christoph Höchsmann, Daniel Kalbermatten, Nino Künzli, Annette Mollet, Christian Puelacher, Arno Schmidt-Trucksäss, Belinda von Niederhäusern, Sabina De Geest
Objectives: Over the past decade, several excellent guidelines have been published on how to enhance the quality of PhD education in Europe. Aimed primarily at preparing students for innovative roles in their fields, they include variously structured approaches to curricular offerings, as well as other program components applicable across specialties (eg: supervisor support, scientific conduct, transferable skills). Since 2012, the interdisciplinary PhD Program in Health Sciences (PPHS) at the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Basel in Switzerland has focused on translating these guidelines into a 21st-century health sciences PhD program...
January 2018: Journal of Medical Education and Curricular Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780179/the-grand-challenges-discourse-transforming-identity-work-in-science-and-science-policy
#7
David Kaldewey
This article analyzes the concept of "grand challenges" as part of a shift in how scientists and policymakers frame and communicate their respective agendas. The history of the grand challenges discourse helps to understand how identity work in science and science policy has been transformed in recent decades. Furthermore, the question is raised whether this discourse is only an indicator, or also a factor in this transformation. Building on conceptual history and historical semantics, the two parts of the article reconstruct two discursive shifts...
2018: Minerva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780088/-expectation-for-gerontological-education-from-a-viewpoint-of-ministry-of-education-culture-sports-science-and-technology
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771750/injectable-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-in-sport
#9
Matthew J Matava
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this article is to review the basic science of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), their clinical effects, indications, potential complications, and ethical issues associated with the use of injectable NSAIDs in the treatment of athletes. These objectives are presented taking into consideration the contemporaneous issues associated with the treatment of amateur and professional athletes. DATA SOURCES: A nonformal review of the published medical literature and lay media focusing on the use of injectable NSAIDs in athletes was used for this article...
May 10, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760364/-pharmacology-education-in-nursing-based-on-the-patient-oriented-pharmacology-personal-drug-p-drug-and-integrated-drug-idrug
#10
Toshihiko Yanagita
The installation of nursing colleges/universities has rapidly increased from the late 1990s, there are 255 institutions in Japan as of 2017. Pharmacology and clinical pharmacology education in undergraduate and postgraduate nursing colleges/universities is highly important, however, the lack of human resources involved in pharmacology education due to the rapid increase of nursing colleges/universities cannot be denied. The Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan established a 〝nursing education model core curriculum〟 for quality assurance of education at nursing colleges/universities...
2018: Nihon Yakurigaku Zasshi. Folia Pharmacologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760361/-current-status-and-future-prospects-of-nursing-education-in-japan
#11
Shinobu Saito
The Bachelor of Nursing program is being held at 255 universities in 2017. There are various initiatives universities to meet the needs of society, nurturing high-quality nurses, but securing the level of education is one of the tasks. The Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology established a nursing education model core curriculum for solving the problem. Each university is expected that the curriculum will be built with reference to this model core curriculum for quality assurance of education...
2018: Nihon Yakurigaku Zasshi. Folia Pharmacologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755928/the-effects-of-social-support-on-strenuous-physical-exercise
#12
Arran Davis, Emma Cohen
In humans, socio-environmental cues play an important role in determining adaptive psychophysiological states and behaviours. In sport and exercise, cues to cohesive groups and close, supportive relationships are ubiquitous, possibly because of their effects on neurobiological mechanisms underlying physical performance. Clinical research has shown that the presence of supportive others can lead to reductions in perceptions of pain, while research from sport and exercise science has shown that pain and physical fatigue occupy ranges on a single spectrum of physical discomfort, which works to regulate outputs during strenuous physical exertion...
2018: Adaptive Human Behavior and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746382/warm-up-optimizes-postural-control-but-requires-some-minutes-of-recovery
#13
Thierry Paillard, Mohamed Abdelhafid Kadri, Merbouha Boulahbel Nouar, Frederic Noé
Paillard, T, Kadri, MA, Nouar, MB, and Noé, F. Warm-up optimizes postural control but requires some minutes of recovery. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-The aim was to compare monopedal postural control between the dominant leg (D-Leg) and the nondominant leg (ND-Leg) in pre- and post-warm-up conditions. Thirty healthy male sports science students were evaluated before and after a warm-up exercise (12 minutes of pedaling with an incremental effort on a cycle ergometer with a controlled workload). Monopodal postural control was assessed for the D- and ND-Legs before and immediately, 2, 5, 10, and 15 minutes after the warm-up exercise, using a force platform and calculating the displacement velocity of the center of foot pressure on the mediolateral (COPML velocity) and anteroposterior (COPAP velocity) axes...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741985/accuracy-of-human-motion-capture-systems-for-sport-applications-state-of-the-art-review
#14
Eline van der Kruk, Marco M Reijne
OBJECTIVE: Sport research often requires human motion capture of an athlete. It can, however, be labour-intensive and difficult to select the right system, while manufacturers report on specifications which are determined in set-ups that largely differ from sport research in terms of volume, environment and motion. The aim of this review is to assist researchers in the selection of a suitable motion capture system for their experimental set-up for sport applications. An open online platform is initiated, to support (sport)researchers in the selection of a system and to enable them to contribute and update the overview...
May 9, 2018: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736728/effects-and-dose-response-relationship-of-balance-training-on-balance-performance-in-youth-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Arnd Gebel, Melanie Lesinski, David G Behm, Urs Granacher
BACKGROUND: Effects and dose-response relationships of balance training on measures of balance are well-documented for healthy young and old adults. However, this has not been systematically studied in youth. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this systematic review and meta-analysis were to quantify effects of balance training (BT) on measures of static and dynamic balance in healthy children and adolescents. Additionally, dose-response relations for BT modalities (e...
May 7, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731951/advanced-computational-methods-in-bio-mechanics
#16
REVIEW
Waleed M S Al Qahtani, Mohamed I El-Anwar
A novel partnership between surgeons and machines, made possible by advances in computing and engineering technology, could overcome many of the limitations of traditional surgery. By extending surgeons' ability to plan and carry out surgical interventions more accurately and with fewer traumas, computer-integrated surgery (CIS) systems could help to improve clinical outcomes and the efficiency of healthcare delivery. CIS systems could have a similar impact on surgery to that long since realised in computer-integrated manufacturing...
April 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730533/establishing-the-reliability-of-a-novel-battery-of-range-of-motion-tests-to-enable-evidence-based-classification-in-para-swimming
#17
Vaughan P Nicholson, Jemima G Spathis, Luke W Hogarth, Mark J Connick, Emma M Beckman, Sean M Tweedy, Carl J Payton, Brendan J Burkett
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the reliability of swimming-specific range of movement tests developed in order to permit evidenced-based classification in the sport of para swimming. DESIGN: Test-retest intra- and inter-examiner reliability. SETTING: International Swimming training camps and university exercise science departments. PARTICIPANTS: 42 non-disabled participants (mean age 23.2 years) and 24 Para swimmers (mean age 28...
April 30, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719837/epidemiological-characteristics-of-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury-tsci-in-the-middle-east-and-north-africa-mena-region-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Mohamed H Elshahidi, Nada Y Monir, Mohamed A Elzhery, Ahmed A Sharaqi, Hames Haedaya, Basem I Awad, Khaled Zaghloul
Objective: To systematically search the literature and to summarize current evidence pertaining to the epidemiology of SCI in the MENA region incidence, gender, age, type of the injury and etiology of the injury. Methods: Embase, PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science and EBSCOhost were systematically searched from their dates of inception till July 2017 for English and non-English language articles. Also, regional databases were searched. Data were extracted from eligible articles and pooled under the random effect model using R ...
April 2018: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706716/the-relationship-between-physical-fitness-and-academic-achievement-among-adolescent-in-south-korea
#19
Gun-Soo Han
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between physical fitness level and academic achievement in middle school students. [Subjects and Methods] A total of 236 students aged 13-15 from three middle schools in D city, South Korea, were selected using a random sampling method. Academic achievement was measured by students' 2014 fall-semester final exam scores and the level of physical fitness was determined according to the PAPS (Physical Activity Promotion System) score administrated by the Korean Ministry of Education...
April 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705171/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-musculoskeletal-pain-in-keyboard-musicians-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Leticia Amaral Corrêa, Luciano Teixeira Dos Santos, Edmur Nelson Nogueira Paranhos Júnior, Alfredo Ignacio Minetti Albertini, Patrícia do Carmo Silva Parreira, Leandro Alberto Calazans Nogueira
OBJECTIVE: To identify the prevalence and risk factors for musculoskeletal pain in keyboard musicians. DESIGN: Systematic review METHODS: A systematic review was conducted according to the MOOSE recommendations and it was registered with the PROSPERO database under registration number CRD42016042913. We included observational studies through the electronic databases PubMed, Scopus, ScienceDirect, Web of Science, Répertoire International de Littérature Musicale (RILM), Retrospective Index to Music Periodicals (RIPM), Scielo and Google Scholar, with combinations of the keywords: "pianists", "keyboard players", "musculoskeletal pain", "muscular disease", "tendinitis", "tendinopathy", "observational", "case-control", "prevalence" and "risk factors"...
April 26, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
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