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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727967/whither-psychology
#1
Diane F Halpern
Contemporary psychology is experiencing tremendous growth in neuroscience, and there is every indication that it will continue to gain in popularity notwithstanding the scarcity of academic positions for newly minted Ph.Ds. Despite the general perception that brain correlates "explain" or "cause" the mind and behavior, these correlates have not yet proven useful in understanding psychological processes, although they offer the possibility of early identification of some disorders. Other recent developments in psychology include increased emphasis on applications and more global representation among researchers and participants...
July 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697264/early-adversity-toxic-stress-and-resilience-pediatrics-for-today
#2
M Denise Dowd
Never before in the history of science have we had better insight into the factors that determine the health and well-being of a person from infancy to adulthood. An expanding body of knowledge is converging from numerous disciplines including neuroscience, education, behavioral science, public health, the social sciences, and medicine. Awareness of the impact of early childhood adversity and toxic stress is growing rapidly among both professionals and the lay public. This calls for a reevaluation of how and what we, as child health care providers, should deliver to maximize our impact on individual health and well-being across the lifespan...
July 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273291/an-integrated-neuroscience-perspective-on-formulation-and-treatment-planning-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-an-educational-review
#3
REVIEW
David A Ross, Melissa R Arbuckle, Michael J Travis, Jennifer B Dwyer, Gerrit I van Schalkwyk, Kerry J Ressler
Importance: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a common psychiatric illness, increasingly in the public spotlight in the United States due its prevalence in the soldiers returning from combat in Iraq and Afghanistan. This educational review presents a contemporary approach for how to incorporate a modern neuroscience perspective into an integrative case formulation. The article is organized around key neuroscience "themes" most relevant for PTSD. Within each theme, the article highlights how seemingly diverse biological, psychological, and social perspectives all intersect with our current understanding of neuroscience...
April 1, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256036/neuroanatomical-correlates-of-performance-in-a-state-wide-test-of-math-achievement
#4
Eric D Wilkey, Laurie E Cutting, Gavin R Price
The development of math skills is a critical component of early education and a strong indicator of later school and economic success. Recent research utilizing population-normed, standardized measures of math achievement suggest that structural and functional integrity of parietal regions, especially the intraparietal sulcus, are closely related to the development of math skills. However, it is unknown how these findings relate to in-school math learning. The present study is the first to address this issue by investigating the relationship between regional differences in grey matter (GM) volume and performance in grade-level mathematics as measured by a state-wide, school-based test of math achievement (TCAP math) in children from 3rd to 8th grade...
March 3, 2017: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181042/should-we-change-targets-and-methods-of-early-intervention-in-autism-in-favor-of-a-strengths-based-education
#5
Laurent Mottron
Early intensive behavioral intervention (EIBI) and its recent variant, naturalist developmental behavioral intervention (NDBI) aim to increase socialization and communication, and to decrease repetitive and challenging behaviors in preschool age autistic children. These behaviorist techniques are based on the precocity and intensity of the intervention, face-to-face interaction, errorless learning, and information fragmentation. Once considered to be "scientifically proven", the efficacy of these approaches has been called into question in the last decade due to poor-quality data, small effects, low cost-efficiency, and the evolution of ethical and societal standards...
July 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857752/correction-remodeling-neuroscience-education-in-medical-student-training-how-early-exposure-and-mentorship-are-promoting-student-interest-in-neurology-and-neurosurgery
#6
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 1064 in vol. 11, PMID: 27630681.].
September 2016: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630681/remodeling-neuroscience-education-in-medical-student-training-how-early-exposure-and-mentorship-are-promoting-student-interest-in-neurology-and-neurosurgery
#7
Andrew D Tieniber, William J Readdy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27571528/leaving-behind-our-preparadigmatic-past-professional-psychology-as-a-unified-clinical-science
#8
Timothy P Melchert
The behavioral and neurosciences have made remarkable progress recently in advancing the scientific understanding of human psychology. Though research in many areas is still in its early stages, knowledge of many psychological processes is now firmly grounded in experimental tests of falsifiable theories and supports a unified, paradigmatic understanding of human psychology that is thoroughly consistent with the rest of the natural sciences. This new body of knowledge poses critical questions for professional psychology, which still often relies on the traditional theoretical orientations and other preparadigmatic practices for guiding important aspects of clinical education and practice...
September 2016: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27487752/implementation-of-a-nurse-led-family-meeting-in-a-neuroscience-intensive-care-unit
#9
Huixin Wu, Dianxu Ren, Glenn R Zinsmeister, Gretchen E Zewe, Patricia K Tuite
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to develop, implement, and evaluate the impact of early intensive care unit (ICU) nurse-led family meetings on nurse-family communication, family decision making, and satisfaction of family members. BACKGROUND: Intensive care unit nurses are in an ideal position to meet family needs, and family members may cope better with the crisis of an ICU admission if consistent honest information is provided by nurses; however, there are no early ICU family meetings led by bedside nurses...
September 2016: Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing: DCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27385933/nu-rho-psi-the-national-honor-society-in-neuroscience-a-decade-of-progress
#10
Zoe C Hesp, Graham A Cousens, Lora Becker, Michele C Zee, G Andrew Mickley
Nu Rho Psi, the National Honor Society in Neuroscience, celebrates its 10th anniversary by reflecting back upon a decade's worth of growth, successes, and accomplishments of its membership. Fundamentally, Nu Rho Psi seeks to engage the nation's best and brightest science students early in their educational pursuits and steer them towards future careers in neuroscience, thereby driving higher quality neuroscience education and research at all levels. This article details the history of Nu Rho Psi since its founding by the Faculty for Undergraduate Neuroscience (FUN) and reviews the current programs, benefits, and future initiatives of the Society...
2016: Journal of Undergraduate Neuroscience Education: JUNE: a Publication of FUN, Faculty for Undergraduate Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27164193/a-neural-window-on-the-emergence-of-cognition
#11
REVIEW
Rhodri Cusack, Gareth Ball, Christopher D Smyser, Ghislaine Dehaene-Lambertz
Can babies think? A fundamental challenge for cognitive neuroscience is to answer when brain functions begin and in what form they first emerge. This is challenging with behavioral tasks, as it is difficult to communicate to an infant what a task requires, and motor function is impoverished, making execution of the appropriate response difficult. To circumvent these requirements, neuroimaging provides a complementary route for assessing the emergence of cognition. Starting from the prerequisites of cognitive function and building stepwise, we review when the cortex forms and when it becomes gyrated and regionally differentiated...
April 2016: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27011633/neuropsychological-profile-in-early-parkinson-s-disease-comparison-between-patients-with-right-side-onset-versus-left-side-onset-of-motor-symptoms
#12
Sikandar Adwani, Ravi Yadav, Keshav Kumar, S R Chandra, Pramod Kumar Pal
AIMS: Though impaired cognition in Parkinson's disease (PD) is well known, data in early PD is sparse. This study was designed to assess the cognitive profile in patients with early PD (motor symptoms <5 years and Hoehn and Yahr stage <2), and to compare the cognitive profile between these patients with right versus left side onset of motor symptoms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: National Institute of National Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS) neuropsychological battery was used to assess the cognitive profile in 50 patients with early PD and compared with 50 age-, education-, and gender-matched healthy controls...
January 2016: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26388789/the-ontogenesis-of-narrative-from-moving-to-meaning
#13
Jonathan T Delafield-Butt, Colwyn Trevarthen
Narrative, the creation of imaginative projects and experiences displayed in expressions of movement and voice, is how human cooperative understanding grows. Human understanding places the character and qualities of objects and events of interest within stories that portray intentions, feelings, and ambitions, and how one cares about them. Understanding the development of narrative is therefore essential for understanding the development of human intelligence, but its early origins are obscure. We identify the origins of narrative in the innate sensorimotor intelligence of a hypermobile human body and trace the ontogenesis of narrative form from its earliest expression in movement...
2015: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26347688/a-groundwork-for-allostatic-neuro-education
#14
Lee Gerdes, Charles H Tegeler, Sung W Lee
We propose to enliven educational practice by marrying a conception of education as guided human development, to an advanced scientific understanding of the brain known as allostasis (stability through change). The result is a groundwork for allostatic neuro-education (GANE). Education as development encompasses practices including the organic (homeschooling and related traditions), cognitive acquisition (emphasis on standards and testing), and the constructivist (aimed to support adaptive creativity for both learner and society)...
2015: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26149313/school-based-sex-education-and-neuroscience-what-we-know-about-sex-romance-marriage-and-adolescent-brain-development
#15
REVIEW
Ahna Ballonoff Suleiman, Megan Johnson, Elizabeth A Shirtcliff, Adriana Galván
BACKGROUND: Many school-based abstinence-only sex education curricula state that sexual activity outside of marriage is likely to have harmful psychological effects. Recent advances in neuroscience have expanded our understanding of the neural underpinnings of romantic love, marriage, sexual desire, and sexual behavior and improved our understanding of adolescent brain development. METHODS: In this article, we review recent advances in neuroscience and clarify what is known about the link between neural development and adolescent romantic and sexual behavior and what opportunities exist for future research...
August 2015: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25865730/journal-abstracts-from-current-research-in-the-field-of-child-and-adolescent-mental-health
#16
(no author information available yet)
Debate RD, Kelley PG, Zwald M, Huberty J & Zhang Y (2009) Changes in psychosocial factors and physical activity frequency among third- to eighth-grade girls who participated in a developmentally focused youth sport program: A preliminary study. Journal of School Health 79(10): 474-484 Boyce JC, Mueller NB, Hogan-Watts M & Luke Douglas A (2009) Evaluating the strength of school tobacco policies: The development of a practical rating system. Journal of School Health 79(10): 495-504 Craine JL, Tanaka Teri A, Nishina A & Conger KJ (2009) Understanding adolescent delinquency: The role of older siblings' delinquency and popularity with peers...
December 2009: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25818181/social-anxiety-disorder-in-adolescence-how-developmental-cognitive-neuroscience-findings-may-shape-understanding-and-interventions-for-psychopathology
#17
REVIEW
Simone P W Haller, Kathrin Cohen Kadosh, Gaia Scerif, Jennifer Y F Lau
Social anxiety disorder represents a debilitating condition that has large adverse effects on the quality of social connections, educational achievement and wellbeing. Age-of-onset data suggests that early adolescence is a developmentally sensitive juncture for the onset of social anxiety. In this review, we highlight the potential of using a developmental cognitive neuroscience approach to understand (i) why there are normative increases in social worries in adolescence and (ii) how adolescence-associated changes may 'bring out' neuro-cognitive risk factors for social anxiety in a subset of individuals during this developmental period...
June 2015: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25798595/new-insights-into-the-developing-rabbit-brain-using-diffusion-tensor-tractography-and-generalized-q-sampling-mri
#18
Seong Yong Lim, Yeu-Sheng Tyan, Yi-Ping Chao, Fang-Yu Nien, Jun-Cheng Weng
The use of modern neuroimaging methods to characterize the complex anatomy of brain development at different stages reveals an enormous wealth of information in understanding this highly ordered process and provides clues to detect neurological and neurobehavioral disorders that have their origin in early structural and functional cerebral maturation. Non-invasive diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging (DTI) is able to distinguish cerebral microscopic structures, especially in the white matter regions...
2015: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25726820/reducing-age-of-autism-diagnosis-developmental-social-neuroscience-meets-public-health-challenge
#19
Ami Klin, Cheryl Klaiman, Warren Jones
Autism spectrum disorder (autism) is a highly prevalent and heterogeneous family of neurodevelopmental disorders of genetic origins with potentially devastating implications for child, family, health and educational systems. Despite advances in paper-and-pencil screening and in standardization of diagnostic procedures, diagnosis of autism in the US still hovers around the ages of four or five years, later still in disadvantaged communities, and several years after the age of two to three years when the condition can be reliably diagnosed by expert clinicians...
February 25, 2015: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25565921/k-12-neuroscience-education-outreach-program-interactive-activities-for-educating-students-about-neuroscience
#20
Alex L Deal, Kristen J Erickson, Edward J Bilsky, Susan J Hillman, Michael A Burman
The University of New England's Center for Excellence in the Neurosciences has developed a successful and growing K-12 outreach program that incorporates undergraduate and graduate/professional students. The program has several goals, including raising awareness about fundamental issues in neuroscience, supplementing science education in area schools and enhancing undergraduate and graduate/professional students' academic knowledge and skill set. The outreach curriculum is centered on core neuroscience themes including: Brain Safety, Neuroanatomy, Drugs of Abuse and Addiction, Neurological and Psychiatric Disorders, and Cognition and Brain Function...
2014: Journal of Undergraduate Neuroscience Education: JUNE: a Publication of FUN, Faculty for Undergraduate Neuroscience
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